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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  July 25, 2019 2:30pm-3:00pm PDT

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woman: this is "bbc world news america." is made possible by... the freeman foundation; by judy and peter blum-kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs; and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. laura:his is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am laura trevelyan.
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scorching heat in europe. sweltering weather brings record-breaking temperatures across the continent. we look at why. ♪ laura: from the streets to salvation. how gang members in el salvador are finding a new path in life. us, the wedding photographer who won't take those staged images. we will have more on this unique take on the happy occasion just ahead. laura: for thoseatching on pbs and around the globe, welcome to riorld news america." europe is in theof a heat wave that is breaking records. the hottest temperatures ever were experienced in germany and the netherlands this week, whilt
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in paray it was more than 42 degrees celsius, 108 in fahrenheit, the highest temperature france's capital has ever measured.he 's lucy williamson. lucy: the city of light has become the city of heat. 42 degrees, just beable if you are mostly underwater. the government has repeatedlyeo warnede not to stay out in the sun, but with offices and schools closing early and most homes without air-conditioning, not everyone is listening. >> difficult to enjoy it. here we are in this most amazing city in the world, and it is toh.h to want to go and do m >> it is very hot. in brazil it is not like this. it is hot, too, but here it's too much. lucy: this is a short, sharp spike in temperatu a spike it is. the heat unremitting for several days and night, and it is city -- and in a city not built for this kind of weather, for many people, air-conditioned shops of
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publntains are the only places they can find respite. the hot weather is putting pressure on farmers alfaady cing a drought. luke says the grass his cows should be eating has died in the field. he is using up his stock of winter feed to keep them alive. >> our fields have become as dry as doormats. we have never seen anying like it it is like the south of france. we have longer periods without water. we are running at a 50% loss. we will have to adapt and find solutions. lucy: the heat wave broke temperature records across europe yesterday and broke them again today. germany soared to 42 degrees as people flocked to lakes and fountains. in belgium, a village topped 40 degrees, along with several other places. and in the netherlands, the hottest dafor more than 70 years saw the red cross handing out emergency water supplies to
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the homeless. this is the second heat wave to hit europe in a month. in paris, where streets and monuments have weathered centuries of change, some wondei if the weatherelf is changing. lucy williamson, bbc news, paris. laura: scientists say the heat wave in europe has been caused by a meteorological effect known as an omega block. it is a massive area of high pressure that acts like a lid over the entire continent, trapping hot air from north africa. experts are pointing to the linx betweeeme weather and climate change. our science correspondent victoria gill has more from london. victoria: temperatures were among the highest in the u.k. today here, a scorching 37.7 degrees. those who braved the sunshinere camered. climate scientists are now coident that heat waves, like the one that the u.k. is
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currently sweltering through, are more likely and more extreme because of climate change. >> the fact that we hae seen thmperature rises, the baseline temperature has increased by about one degree haobally since preindustrial times, and it islevel that just means in normal conditions, ave conditionsea and temperatures around just above average. but you add that extra layer of heat on, that is when ittarts to break records. victoria: globally over the last century the trend has been clear, it has been heating up. ars were ther warmest ever recorded. for the future, the temperature increase depends on global carbon emissions. current targets that gernments have signed up to to limit those emissions will see a rise of 3.3 degrees by 2100. under the paris climate agreement, that is the more ambitious deal signed onto by 16almost 200 countries in the aim is to keep that below 1.5 degrees. wecomee t
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glasshouse in the gardens, because this is where all the live, andpted plants even these plants, they have opened all the windows to get ventilation in here. according to my thermometer, it is more than 39 degrees in here, and these plants are a to the hottest, driest conditions on earth. it is those adaptions that scientists here are studying in order to work out how ight grow more drought-resistant plants in the future. >> these plants are called succulent plants because they have evolved over millions of years to have spialized water storage tissue. the part in the middle is whereo the tissue is cated. w yeah, and you can see ch water is in there. victoria: while the collections here look exotic, they contain plants that could eventually become familiar food crops. >>tays like today tell us t if we carry on doing what we have done in the past, then that is not going to work. we are going to have to adapt daat we do and potentially
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the crops we grow. we need to be exploring, we need to be researching, we need to be understanding our options so that we can change as climate begins to bite. victoria: with theardens king in the sun today, preparation continues for a warmer, more uncertain climate in the future. victoria gill, bbc news. laura: the president of el salvador is promising to dismantle the country'ng notorious they are thought to have as many as 60,000 members, who find it very difficult to ev leave. but one rehabilitation project in san salvador is trying to give former gang members a fresh start, as orla gueriports. orla: freed from custody into the arms of the church. carlos imarked for life, branded a member of barrio 18, one of two notorious gangs in el salvador. ds pastor sees beyond all that.
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he believes even tkest of souls can be saved. "i'm a christian now," carlos tells us. "but people here don't think we can change. they don't see the spiritual side."ri the secu forces see the brutal side. patrolling streets meny the gangs through extortion, rape, and killing, they have to confront central america's murder, inc. carlos is trying to escape all that. at the ebenezer evangelical church, he is welcomed by othero er gang members, including will gómez, a gangster turned pastor. the church is in a neighborhood many fear to even enter.
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here, former gangsters find sanctuary, a rare chance to leave barrio total devotion is required. the gang is all around, but the church tells us they respect each other's turf. g pasómez says jesus is the way out, and he is living proof. after 10 years in jail, he is a proud family man, his wi d and babyaughter in the congregation. >> if god could change someone like me who used to be a drug dealer, used to be involved intu proson, i used to deal with prostitutes, i used to be a hitmanor the gang. i made a lot of mistakes in myun life as a kid.
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orla: he told me he started killing at about 16, but doesn't say how much blood is on his hands. >> i couldn't tell you how many lives i took. i never counted. but i could tell you that at a us young age i was told to do that, and i did bei thought that was the right thing to do. i wanted to be accepted. i wanted to feel like i had a family, that i belonged somewhere. orla: now the pastor says he belongs here, but he admits there is plenty of opposition to this project. many don't believe in second chances for killers, something their victims will never get.e but urch says those who repenthould be embraced. like a newcomer, rudy. he told us the gang found him at
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12, but god found him in prison. now he has a bunk in a shared room at the back of the churchea and a chance t money learning how to make his daily bread. about 50 men have come through this rehabilitation program. the pastor says more than half have stayed on the strght and narrow. at least five others who did not have been kill. back at the detention center, more arrivals. suspected gang members corralled in a new crackdown by salvador's president. he is urging young men to leave the gangs and go home to their families.ys otherwise, he the only future is prison or death. orla g salvador.news, san laura: amazing transformations
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there, but clearly a controversial program. in other news, u.s. media are -- in other news, financier jeffrey epstein is it to be on suicide watch. epstein is accused of sexually assaulting underage girls. he has pleaded not guilty to the charges. the u.n.ug r agency says up to 150 people are believed to have drowned in a shipwreck off the coast of libya. the surviving migrants werel helped by loshermen and then picked up by the libyan coast guarr a day afbert mueller appeared on capitol hill, and the reviews are still comi in. the former special counsel warned that russia is once again trying to attack america's elections. both democrats and republicans are claiming victory after the hearings, although it seems the push to impeach president trump gained a little ground. --ne gaid little ground. colleague jane o'brien asked senator chris coons for his
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reaction to mr. mueller's testimony. jane: senator, thank y j very much fning me. did robert mueller's testimony have any impact on the debate going on in your party about whether or not to start impeachment proceedings against the president? sen. coons: i think the most important part of robert mueller's testimony was his forceful reassertion that russia continues to interfere in the upcoming american elections. i don't know, since i don't serve inhe house, how it willat impact the d within our house caucus, but when members of the house have asked my advice, i had said to them that i think it is relatively simple. we know who the jury would be in an impeachment proceeding. it is e currently seated members of the united states senate. we know what the outcome would be. not one republican would vote to ngmove president trump in an impeachment procee so i have urged my colleagues to focus on accountability throughe the 20ction, to change the jury, as it were, and focus on showing the american people have -- how democrats in the house are passing we in and week out important pieces of legislation that affect things like health
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care, securing our next republican-controllete is refusing to take up.cu jane: thent fbi director, chris wray, reiterated what bob mueller warned about in his testimony, that american adversaries are relentless and cyberattacks will continue into 2020.et is americar prepared than it was in 2016? sen. coons: we are better prepared than we were in 2016, but we have shone a spotlight on the wain which our electoral infrastructure has flaws and challenges, and one of thean outcomes of sopublic hearings on this issue is that it has drawn the attention and engagement of other adversaries in addition toussia. fbi director wray testified in front of the judiciaryttee , on which i serve, this week, and i'm gr we are not moving forward bipartisan bills that are
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already tabled in the senate and should be taken up and voted on. jane: senator, while we have you, i want to talk about the ebola crisis in the democratic republic of congo. how bad is it, and would america's response be? sen. coons: it is the second worst ebola outbreak in world history. i'm the only member of the united states congress who went to liberia during the last ebola outbreak. we literally spent billions of dollars in response bee it spiraled so far out of control and threatened an entire region. so far there is only roughly 2500 cases and about 1600 fatalities in the drc. only two cases, i think, have crossed e line over into uganda. but it is in one of the world's most violent, most underdeveloped, and most sorganized regions of th world. we need to continue to provide financial assistance, technical support, volunteers.
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athis is a global challen something that all of us should be engaged in. second, i think we neesk some of our partners and alliess p up to this. i recently had a meeting with a chinese leader where i pointedth ou china has a robust presence across the continent and is stepping up to peacekeeping obligations, yet is not actively engaged in this work against ebola. it would be wonderful if we ipcould do this in partner with our long and trusted and close allies like the united kingdom, with others who are taking more of a place on the world stage like china, and find a way to deliver the resources t we need to es latest ebola outbreak. jane: senator chris coons, thank niu very much indeed for j us. sen. coons: thank yla. a: you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight's e power in puerto rico. after weeks of protests, the governor is stepping down. we look at what is next for the island.
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when you think of r a, you probably think of brazil. the combination of dance and martial arts began their and is spread right around the world even as far as siberia. ♪ reporter: from his home in brazil to siberia, in the last 20 years, it has taken off in russia. it is a mix of martial arts, acrobatics, and dance. this is 11 time zones away from the capital of israel. ica -tal of brazil. russia to find out wh russians turned to capoeira. this local capoeira group has
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been going for 8 years. they have for their capoeira master, who is coming all the way from brazil. >> siberia is a place where you don't imagine capoea. in russia -- in siberia? you don't imagine it. reporter: nikolai says capoeira was a life-changing experiencehi fo
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laura: after weeks of protests, puerto rico's governor has resigned. ricardo rosselló came under pressure after leakeages revealed him and his advisors making crass and offensive comments. earlier i spoke to robes,o pr former democratic party chair of puerto rico. thanks for being with us. what is the mood in puerto rico now that the governor is resignin roberto: essentially the streets are celebrating in joy. it feels like puerto rico won the world cup. it is the people's victory. people have prevailed. it has been a tremendous ride for ese past 12 days. there have been no casualties, no weapons, nothing other than the loud voices ofeople
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expressing their anger, expressing their coura against the governor that had dishonored the highest office in puerto rico. 'it is certainly the peo's victory, and people are doing what they are supposed to do, they are celebrating. they have earned i laura: so many of the protesters wanted to end the corruption and -- in puerto rico. it was striking to see that in their signs. how does the nt governor address that? roberto: that will be the big nge. puerto rico has changed. the puerto rico of 13 days ago, it is a fferent puerto rico. people will require that the next government really take a deeper look into the anticorruption law they have to elect governors with more caution. the man, whatever governor comes in, really outlines rame whme of this corruption
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will be eradicated forever. the tensions in puerto rico have been bubbling up for many years. there was a culture co uption that had affected puerto rico, even the private sector and public sector. this has to stop. and certainly the people put an end to this yesterday. laura: how can the pow of the m otesters be channeled into a more effective f government for puerto rico, do you think? roberto: there are many ways. i think there are many lessons to be learned from what happened. obviously, people running for office, people that have not ambition to run for office now would run for office, they have to present an anticorruption reform, first and foremost. they have to prepare a program by which puerto rico will t t the economic stagnation we have had, now for a little years of economic downfall.
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we have to start creating jobs, we have to eliminate corruptionh wee the federal oversight board managing public finance puerto rico, because puerto rico filed for bankruptcy. and we have to work with them to ensure that they complete their work in puerto rico ancawe can that quits and move on to a better puerto rico. i think the foundation has been laid out. the people stood up, and when the people get together and do what they did these past 12re days, weeeing a country with a great future. laura: roberto prats, thank you so much for joining us. roberto: you are welcome. thank you. laura: it is summer here in the u.s., prime time for getting married. w all over tld couples choose the summer for their weddings, and wedding photographers are the ones who capture those special moments, often staging them. but one based in britain filmsgs weddust as they are, warts and all. his new books called "i am not
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a wedding photographer." >> i would describe my work as a documentary approach to any -- to wedding photography. my new book, "i am not a wedding photographer," but i am a wedding photographer. but i am not, if you know what i mean. as a documentary photographer, it is the real life i want to capture. if we have everything staged, we approach every wedding with a template, then no wedding looks different to any other. they are such fruitful ground for photographs and emotion and gesture and real life and the emsurdity of life that it rather silly to me to approach it in a stylized way. the photograph of the child pulling the funny face is one of my earliest wedding photographs that wasn't an actual wedding photograph, it wasn'p't an ed photograph.
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what i enjoyed about the image was the irreverent nature of the young child and h d proper.m that image along wother image shot at the same wedding, a picture of a bride and behind her a couple really going for, was those images that made me realize that there was mode to a wedding than the b and groom. it was the juxtaposition of the utterly serious situand the ridiculous thing happening at the same time that i found incredibly interesting. i feelo that it brings levity the photographs, and there is not a great deal of that in the wedding photography industry. everybody's in on it from the start. it is not like i am pretending to be one thing and doing something else. if somebody wants something other than that, if they want the traditional group shots, if they want the bride and groom portraits, there are people out there who are far better at doing that then me. the response i get is always positive.
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i think it is because people don't know what they are going to g that i get such a positive response. i think it is a bit of a travesty that more photographers ar unique perspective to a subject that is so prevalent in our society. i would like to think this is what all weddings really look li but it is not often we get to see that. laura: the subversive wedding photographer. remember, you can find much more on all of the day's news on our website. to see what we're working on at any time, check us out on twitter. i would love to hear from you. i'm laura trevelyan. ank you for watching "bbc world news america." announcer: funding for this presentation is made possible by... the freeman foundation; by judy and peter blum-kovler foundation,
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pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs; and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. ...is just up here. that's where... man: she took me out to those weapo. i think we're off to a great start.
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captioning sponsored byho news productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight: the governor of puerto rico resigns amid massive protests on the island. en, two members of congress assess the impact of former special counsel robert mueller's testimony. and, as the global bee population declines, researchers develop new technologies tolt support agrie and avoid food crises. >> our food will get way more expensive, so not only is it a huge public health concern, there's huge economic ramifications. >> woouff: all that and more r.on tonight's pbs newshou

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