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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  July 25, 2019 5:30pm-6:01pm PDT

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orwoman: this is "bbc wld news america." is made possible by... on the freeman founda by judy and peter blum-kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs; and by contributions to this pbs station iewers like you. thank you. laura: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i aml laura trn.
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scorching heat in europe. sweltering weather brings record-breaking temperatures across the continent.we ook at why. ♪ laura: from the streets tolv ion. how gang members in el salvador arfinding a new path in life. plus, the wedding photographer who won't take those staged images. we will have more on this unique take on the happy occasion just ahead. laura: for those watching on pbs and around the globe, welcome to "world news america." europe is in the grip of a heat wave that is breaking records. the hottest temperatures ever were experienced in germany and the netherlands this week, while
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, paris today it was more than 42 degrees celsi8 in fahrenheit, the ghest mperature france's capital has ever measured. here's lucyilliamson. lucy: the city of light has become the city of heat. 42 degrees, just bearable if you are mostly the governmentepeatedly warned people not to stay out in the sun, but with fices and hools closing early and most homes without air-conditioning, not everyone is listening.>> ifficult to enjoy it. here we are in this most amazing city in the world, and it is tough to want to go and do much. >> in brazil it is not like this. it is hot, too, but here it's too much. lucy: this is a short, sharp spike in temperatures, but what a spike it is. the heat unremitting for several days and night, and it is city -- and in a city not built for this kind of weather, for many
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people, air-conditioned shops or public fountains are the onlyn places they nd respite. the hot weher is putting pressure on farmers already facing a drought. luke says the grass his cows should be eating has died in the field. he is using up his stock of winter feed to keep them alive. >> our fields have become as dry as doormats. we have never seen anything like it. i like the south of france. we have longer periods without water. we are running at a % loss. we will have to adapt and find solutions. lucy: the heat wave brokeat temperure records across europe yesterday and bhem again today. t germany soar42 degrees as people flocked to lakes and fountains. in belgium, a village topped 40 degrees, along with several other places. and in the netherlands, the d ttest day for more than 70 years saw the reoss handing
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out emergency water supplies to the homeless. this is the second heat wave to hit europe in a month. in paris, where streets and monuments have weathered centuries of change, se wonder if the weather itself is illiamson, bbc news, paris. laura: scientists say the heat wave in europe has been caused by a meteorological effect known as an omega block. l is a massive area of high pressure that ace a lid over the entire continent, trapping hot air from north africa. experts are pointing to the link between extreme weather and climate change. our science correspondent victoria gill has more from london. victoria: temperatures were among the highest in the u.k. today here, a scorching 37.7 degrees. those who braved the sunshine came prepared. imate scientists are now confident that heat waves, like
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the one that the u.k. is currently sweltering through, are more likely and more extreme because of climate change. >> the fact that we have seen these temperature rises, theli ba temperature has increased by about one degree globally since preindustrial times, and it is that level that st means in normal conditions, we would see heatwave conditions and temperaturesround just above average. but yoadd that extra layer of heat on, that is when it starts to break records. victoria: globally over the last century the trend has been clear, it s been heating up. the last four years were the warmest ever recorded. for the future, the temperature increase depends on global carbon emissions. current targets that governments have signed up to to limit those emissions will see a rise of 3.3 degrees by 2100. under the paris climate agreement, that is te ambitious deal signed onto by almost 200 countries in 2016, e aim is to keep that below 1.5 degrees. we have come to the hottest
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glasshouse in the gardens, because this is where all the desert-adapted plants live, and even these plant they have opened all the windows to get ventilation in here. according to my thermometer, its ore than 39 degrees in here, and these plants are adapted to the hottest, driest conditions on earth. it is those adaptations that scientists here are studying in order to work out how we might grow more drought-resistant plants in the future. >> these plants are called succulent plants because they nshave evolved over milliof years to have specialized water storage ssue. e part in the middle is where the tissue is located. yeah, and you can see how much water is in there. victoria: while the collections hereook exotic, they contain plants that could eventually become familiar food crops. >> days like today tell us that if we carry on dng what we have done in the past, then that is notoing to work. we are going to have to adapt
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what we do and potentially adapt the crops we weto be exploring, we need to be researching, we need to be understanding our options so that we can change as climate begins to bite. victoria: with the gardens baking in the sun today, preparation continues for a warmer, more uncertain climate n the fure. victoria gill, bs. laura: the president of el salvador is promising to dismantle the country's notorious gangs. they are thoht to have as many as 60,000 members, who find it very difficult to ever leave. but one rehabilitation projectal in sandor is trying to gagive forme members a fresh start, as orla guerin reports. orla: freed from custonto the arms of the church carlos is marked for life, branded a member of barrio 18, one of two notorious gangs in el salvador. his pastor sees beyond all that.
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he believes even the darkest of souls can be saved. "i'm a christian now," carlos tells us. "but people here don't think we can change. they don't see the spiritual side." the security forces see the brutal side. patrolling streets menaced by the gangs through extortion, rape, and killing, they have to nfront central america's murder, inc. t carlos is tryiescape all that. at the ebenezer evangelicallc church, he is ed by other former gang members, including will gómez, a gangster turned pastor. the church is in a neighborhood many fear to eveenter.
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here, former gangsters find sanctuary, a rare chance to leave barrio 18 and stay alive. total devotion is reired. the gang is all around, but the church tells us they respect each other's turf. pastor gómez says jesus is the way out, and he is living proof. after 10 years in jail, he is a proud family man, his wife and baby daughter in the congregation. >> if god could change someone like me who used to be a drugde er, used to be involved in prostitution, i used to deal with t prostitutes, i usbe a hitman for the gang. f i made a lotstakes in my life as a young
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he told me he started killing at about 16, but doesn't say how much blood is on his hands. >> i couldn't tell you how many lives i tneveted. but i could tell yt at a very young age i was told to do that, and i did because i thought that was the right thing to do. i wanted to be accepted. i wanted to feel like i had a family, that i belonged somewhere. orla: now the pastor says he belongs here, but he admits there is plenty of opposition to this project. many don't believe inecond chances for killers, something their victims will never get. but the church says those who repent should be embraced. like a newcomer, he told he gang found him at
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12, but god found him in prison. now he has bunk in a shared room at the back of the church and a chance to earn money learning how to make his daily bread. about 50 men have come through this rehabilitatioprogram. the pastor says more than half have stayed on the straight and narrow. at least five others who did not have been killed. back at the detention center, more arrivals. suspected gang members corralled in a new crackdown by el saador's president. he is urging young men to leavd the gangs ango home to their families. otherwise, he says, the only futures prison or death. orla guerin, bbc news, san salvador. ura: amazing transformations
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there, but clearly a controversial program. in other news, u.s. media are -- in other news, financier jeffrey epstein is it to be on suicide watch. epstein is accused of sexuallyng assaultinderage girls. he has pleaded not guilty to the charges. the u.n. refugee agency says up to 150el people areved to have drowned in a shipwreck off the coast of libya. the surviving migrants were helped by local fishermen and then picked up by the libyan coast guard. a day after robert muellerto appeared on cahill, and the reviews are still coming inm the special counsel warned that russia is once again trying to attack america's elections. both democrats and republicans are claiming victory after the, hearinthough it seems the push to impeach president trump gained a little ground. -- gained little ground. my colleague jane o'brien asked
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senator chris coons for his reaction to mr. mueller's testimony. jane: senator, thank you very much for joining me. did robert mueller's testimony have any impact on the debate going on in your party aboot whether oro start impeachment proceedings against the president? sen. coons: i think the most importanmupart of robert ler's testimony was his forceful reassertion that russia continues to interferee upcoming american elections. i don't kn, since i don't serve in the house, how it will impact the debates within our house caucus, but when members of the house have asked myi adviced said to them that i think it is relatively simple. we know who the jury would be in an impeachment proceeding. it is the currently seated members of the united st es we know what the outcome would be. not one republican would vote to remove president trump in an impeachment proceeding. so i have urged my colleagues to focus on accountability through the 2020 election, to change the jury, as it were, and focus on showing the american people have -- how democrats in the house are passing week in and week out important pieces of legiation
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that affect things like health care, securing our next p.publican-controlled senate is refusing to take jane: the current fbi director, chris wray, reiterated what bob mueller warned abouts testimony, that american adversaries e relentless and cyberattacks will continue into 2020. is america better prepared than it was in 2016 sen. coons: we are better prepared than we were in 2016, but we have shone a spotlight on the way in which our electoral infrastructu has flaws and challenges, and one of the outcomes of so many public hearings on this issue is that it has drawn the attention and engagement of other adversaries in addition to russia.di fbctor wray testified in front of the judiciary committee , on whici serve, this week, and i'm gravely concerned that
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we are not moving forward bipartisan bills that are already tabled in the senate and should be taken up and voted on. jane: senator, while we have you, i want to talk about the ebola crisis in the democratic republic of congo. how bad is it, and what should america's response be? n. coons: it is the second worst ebola outbreak in world history. i'm the only member of the united states congress who went to liberia during the last ebola outbreak. literally spent billions of dollars in response because it spiraled so far out of control and threatened an entire region. so far there is only roughly 2500 cases and about 1600 fatalities in the drc. only two casesi think, have crossed the line over into uganda. but it is in one of the world's most violent, most underdeveloped, and most disorganized regions of the torld. we need to continurovide financial assistance, technical support, volunteers.
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this is a global challenge and something that all ohould be engaged in. second, i think we need to askne some of our pa and allies to step up to i recently meeting with a chinese leader where i pointed out that china has a robustce prescross the continent and is stepping up to peacekeeping obligations, yet is not actively engaged in this work against ebola.nd it would be ful if we could do this in partnership with our long and trusted and close allies like thunited kingdom, with others who are taking more of a place on theli world stag china, and find a way to deliver the resources we need to end this latest ebola outbreak. jane: senator chris coons, thank you very much indeed for joining us. sen. coons: thank you. laura: you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come ononight's program, people power in puerto rico. afr weeks of protests, the governor is stepping down. we look at what is next for the island.
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when you think of r a, you probably think of brazil. the combination of dance and martial arts began their and is spread right around the world even as far as siberia. ♪ reporter: i from his ho brazil to siberia, in the last 20 yrs, it has taken off in russia. it is a mix of martial arts, at acrobics, and dance. this is 11 time zones away from the capital of israel. i -- capital of brazil. i am in russia to find out why russians turned to poeira.
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this c localapoeira group has been going for 8 years. theyave been eagerly awaiting for their capoeira master, who is coming all the way from brazil. >> siberia is a place where you don't imagine capoeira. in i russia -- siberia? you don't imagine it. reporter:ai nikol says capoeira s a life-changing experience for him.
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laura: after weeks of protests, puerto rico's governor has resigned. ricardo rosselló came under pressure after leaked messages revealed him and his advisors ramaking and offensive comments. earlier i spoke to roberto prats, a former democratic party chair of puerto rico. thanks for being with us. the mood in puerto rico now that the governor is resigning? rotsrto: essentially the str are celebrating in joy. it feels like puerto rico won the world cup. it is the people's victory. peop have prevailed. usit has been a trem ride for these past 12 days. there have been no casualties, no weapons, nothing other an
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the loud voices of people expressing their anger, expressing their courage against the gornor that had dishonored the highest office in puerto rico. it is certainly the people's victory, and people are doing what they are supposed to do, theyre celebrating. they have earned it. laura: so many of the protester wantedd the corruption and -- in puerto rico. it was striking to see that insi theis. how does the next governor address that? roberto: that will be the big challenge. puerto rico hachanged. the puerto rico of 13 days ago, it is a different puerto rico. people will require that the next government really take a deeper look into the anticorruption laws. they have to elect governors with more caution. the man, whatever governor comes in, really outlines a program
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where some of this corruptioned will be eradicorever. the tensions in puerto rico havn been bubup for many years. there was a culture of corruption that had affected puerto rico, even the private sector and public sector. this h to stop. and certainly the people put an end to this yesterday. laura: how can the power of the protesters be channeled into a more effective form of government for puerto rico, do you think? roberto: there are many ways. i think there are many lessons to be learned from what happened obviously, peoe running for office, people that have not ambition to run for office now would run for ofce, they have to present an anticorruption reform, first and foremost. prograve to prepare a by which puerto rico will get out of the economic stagnation we have had, now for a little bit over 16 years of economic downfall.
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we have to start creating jobs, we have to eliminate corruption. we have the federal oversight board managing public finances in puerto rico, because puerto rico filed for bankruptcy. and we have to work with them to ensure thathey complete their work in puerto rico and we can call that quits and move on to a better puerto rico. i think the foundation has been laid out. the people stood up, and when the people get together and do what they did these past 12 days, we are seeing a country with a great future. laura: roberto prats, thank you so much for joining us. y robert are welcome. thank you. laura: it is summer here in the u.s., prime time for g married. all over the world couples choose the summer for their weddings, and wedding photographers are the ones who capture those special moments, ofn staging them. t one based in britain films weddings just as they are, warts and all.
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his new book is called "i am not a wedding photographer." >> i would describe my work as a documentary approach to any -- to wedding photography. my new book, "i am not a wedding photographer," but i am a wedding photographer. but i am not, if you know what i mean. as a documentary photographer, it is the real life i want to capture. edif we have everything stwe approach every wedding with a template, then no wedding looks different to any other. are such fruitful ground for photographs and emotion and gesture and real life and the absurdity of life that it seems ayther silly to me to approach it in a stylized the photograph of the child pulling the funny face is one of my earlit wedding photographs ddat wasn't an actual g photograph, it wasn't an expected photograph.
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what i enjoyed about the image was the irreverentature of the young child and everybody prim and proper. that image along with another image shot at the same wedding, de and behinda b her a couple really going for it, it was those images that made me realize that there was more to a wedding than the bride and groom. it was the juxtaposition of the utterly serious situation and the ridiculous thing happeningat he same time that i found incredibly interesting. i feel that it brings levity to the photographs, and there is not a great deal of that in the weddinphotography industry.ev ybody's in on it from the start. it is not like i am pretending to be one thing and doing something else. if somebody wants something other than that, if they want the traditional group shs, if they want the bride and groom portraits, there are people out there who are far better at doing that then me. the response i get is always positive.
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i think it is because people don't know what they are going to get that i get such a positive response. i think it is a bit of a travesty that more photographers are not applying their own unique perspective t ia subject thso prevalent in our society. i would like tthink this is what all weddings really look like b it is not often we get to see that. laura: the subversive wedding photographer. remember, you can find much more on all of the day's news on our website. to see what we're working on at any time, check us out on twitter. i uld love to hear from you. i'm laura trevelyan. thank"b you for watchin world news america." announcer: funding for this presentation is made possible by... eeman foundation; by judy and peter blum-kovler foundation,
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pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs; and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. you. up here. that's where... man: she took me out to those weapons. k we're off to a great start.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc ev >> woodruff: gooing. i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight: the governor of puerto rico resigns amid massive protests on the island then, two members of congress assess the impact of former special counsel robert mueller's testimony. and, as the global bee population declines, researchers develop new technologies to support agriculture and avoid foodrises. >> our food will get way more expensive, so not only is it a huge public health con there's huge economic ramifications. >> woodruff: all that and more on tonight's pbs newshour.


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