tv BBC World News America PBS August 13, 2019 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT
woman: this is "bbc world ns america." is made possible by... the freeman foundation; by judy and peter blum-kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs; and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. laura: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am laura trevelyan.
chaos erupts at hong kong's international airport. protesters clash with police, and hundreds of flights have be canceled. >> they are building barricades at the moment to the entrance tm the teal. idriot police are outs have a look down there. there are still passengers arriving at this airport. laura: questions swirl around an k.plosion at a nuclear facility in russia last w now residents in the area are plld to leave. , setting sail for new york. climate-change aivist greta thunberg is bringing her message . on a zero-carbon journey. laura: for those watching on pbs and around thelobe, welcome to orld news america." violent clashes have broken out at hong kong airport
riot police armed with batons and pepper spray clashed with protesters. o officers chargthe pro-democracy campaigners, who caused disruption for the second day nd a row. ds of flights were canceled at one of the world's busiest airports. china has threatened to intervene if thentrotests coinue. jonathan head was there and sent this report. jonathan: this s the day a self-styled democracy movement came close to mom violence. fearful of infiltrators, protesters seize individuals they thought were undercover chinese officers. emotion so r, it was hard to restrain them. for the second straight day they occupyndhe airporthut it down. baggage trolleys together to make effective barricades. hethousands fill teparture hall, mingling with the will the passengers whose flights were no longer leaving, and at times
trying to win their understandinged. what starts opposition to a controversial extradition bilo as evolved imands for fully democratic government in kong and for police accountability. a roar from the crowd, and another suspectednfiltrator had gone dn. it was a struggle for medics to evacuate him. a delegation of police was allowed into theirrt. this officer pleading for cooperation. for the bellowing fury of these and protesters drove them back out of the terminal. that was followed by lines of riot police looming towards the doors. it sent them scurrying for more trolle outside, this officer's attempted to arrest someone backfired badly. head to raise his gun to fend
off his attackers. you can see, they are building barricades at the ment to the engines to t terminal. there are riot police outside. have a look down there, there are still passengers arriving at this airport. how are the police going to storm this building? while all th was going on, stranded travelers sat among the empty checking desks in one of asia'st most important transp hubs. losing control of it is a humiliation for the hong kong govement. more signifihuntly, it is a liation for china, which has warned that itsnc patis running out. jonathan head, bbc news, hong kong airport. laura: a brief time ago i spoke with scott kennedy, director of the project on chinese business and potical economy at the center for strategic and international studies. china says the proterk therr
first sign of ism. how much more disruption will china tolerate? scott: their redline is really hard to determine. they are made right now in the seaside resort, and certaiy they are not going to let this go on too much longer. at some point able to cite to death at some poin able -- at some point they will decide to intervene if they figure the hong kong police themselves cannot stop it. precisely where they draw that none -- they want protesters to know that they canfigure out what is going to happen. laura: president trump has tweeted that the chinese government is moving troops to the border withong kong. won't china want to avoid a tianmen square-style demonstration? scott: of course, they don't want that. what they want is to make everyone think they would do that, but be prepared in case things to get out of hand. this is called the hardhat movement, it was the umbrella movement five years ago. n everyone is acting ia hardheaded way.
xi jinping and the chinese need to realize this is still far from out of control and even though the pictures from the airport look that way. the hong kong government needs to back off, and thers proteseed to recognize that they still have time and hong kong is still very different from the rest of china. laura: where is the comproe se between mands of the protesters for greater democracy and this crackdown by the chinese government on hong kong's autonomy? scott: i think actually a very minor step of fully withdrawing the extradition amendment would probably persuade most of the h protesters to e. orinally you had 2 million people on the street and now you have down to a few thousand. even just the smallest signs of concessions would get some of them thinking that there would be a positive way to get this resolved through dialogue.er laura: is a risk for protesters that people in hong kong don't like these tactics? scott: sure, and originally the
business community was with them because the extradition law threatened them -- ou couldhe fact that be tried in china. scott: that's right, and nobody wanted that. t but y really disturb travel, if there is loss of life from the protesters, the police, or people passing through the airport,hat is going to return folks against them. this still has offramps, not annecessarily any of them y good, short of a full scale crackdown. ouura: china said it was committed to one cntry, two systems back in 1997 with a handover. what happened to that? scott: what they said is that the one country, two systems formula would last, but there are ways they can still intervene according to the basic law which is supposed to undergird that. but it requires people to have a sense that the system will last the fullars, and as they see the shadow of china's rule coming closer and closer, theon anxiety ofkongers has come up. it does not look like anyone is committed to having the system last 50 years. laura: scott kennedy, thank you for being with us.sc
t: sure. laura: now to russia, wh there are many unanswered questions after an explosion at a nuclear research facility last week. five scientists were killed during the blasts, and information has been hard to come by. u.s. officials believe it may have been caused by work on a nuclear-powered cruise missile. there are concerns about a spike in radiation in nearby villages. i spoke to michael carpenter, who was the director for russia athe national security council. thanks for being with us. this test of a new type of nuclear powered cruise missile goes wrong off the coast of russia. at is it that russia is developing? michael: russia has long been flummoxed by the fact that the united states is building a missile defense shield in europe and it has wanted to find a weapon that could evade missile defenses. it has worked on two types of missiles, an underwater drone that is nuclear powered and a conventional missile powered by a mini nuclear reactor. it looks like it was the latter
co those that exploded off the coast of the arctit in the north. laura: the russian government is trying to give away as little as possible, yet people are being evacuated d radiation levels have spiked. how long can they get away with this approach? michael: they really can't. at this point it is clear thatis as a missile that the u.s. and nato call skyfal i don't think the russian candidate that best the russians -- i don't think the russians can evade that any longer. i think there is a utility for them for the pubndc to undershat this was an advanced missile system they were developing. as far as the population goes, that is a different manner. of course they want to obscure, lie any which way they can. laura: the trump administration has withdrawn from one short -range arms trea. with a look again at the start treaty? chl: it is unfortunate that the trump administration hasn tae brunt of the blame for
withdrawing from behind a treaty even though it was russia that was treating. -- cheatinth focus should be on russia and its noncompliance. of course the trump administrationactically mis-played that by formally withdrawinfrom the treaty. but all that is left is the new start treaty, and there is a provision for a five-year extensiostarting in 2021. the trump administration has shown little interest in preserving that, and time is winding down. it takes a good 12 months at a mionmum to negotiate a follo agreement, and they haven't done so. that is cause for concern for those who care about arms control. laura: is the u.s. trying to develop something similar to skyfall, what russia has? rechael: the u.s. tried to develop nuclear-pocruise missiles decades ago and decided against it because it was environmentally, morally engineering-wise, too difficult, too risky. there were too many downsides, so we abandoned those efforts long ago. i don't think there's any fort afoot to develop something
posimilar at thit. laura: is this a dangerous moment, the fact that russia is trying to get this off the ground? michael: essentially russia is calculating that u.s. missile defenses in five, 10, 15 years will be so powerful that they may somehow blunt russia's intercontinentss ballistic e fleet. their developing workarounds, essentially vengeance weapons that could be used after a u.s. first strike. this is one of those. whether they succeed or not, it is hard to tell. it is difficult technology to master. eau are talking about a nu reactor inside a missile. very, very dangerous if an explosion like this happens, orp if it is used ly, it presents lots of environmental risks. this is dangerous technology,ar but they c seem bent on developing it. laura: michael carpenter, thanks for being with us.y michael:easure. laura: in other news, u.s. attorney general wrliam b has ordered staff changes at the new york jail where financier jeffrey epstein died while awaiting trial on sex trafficking charges.
epstein was found dead on saturday after apparently hanging himself. the warden has been moved and two officers have been placed on leave. is a wild ride for traders on global marts these days. rks diving one day and soaring the next. volatility is largely due to uncertainty in global economic policy, particularly on the trade between the u.s. and china. today markets leapt on news that some announced tariffs would be delayed. but who knows what tomorrow holds? anrlier my colleagues spoke to mohammed el-eriaasked what was underlying the big swings. mohammed: markets no longer have an anchor. they no longer have an anchor of economic fundamentals, they no longer have an anchor of central-bank policy. s a very volatile period and as you say, traders are having enormous difficulty figuring out whadothey should be g.
ykatty: but volatility are trading -- it might be bad for your nerves, but it is not bad for your pocketbook. there is plentof money to be de in volatility. mohammed: ther to understand, the money made on volatility is because traders had an edge. it is hard to argue that traders have an edge in predicting tweets out of the white house.in i they are puzzled as many others are. it just it speaks to the new reality in markets, when both fundamentals and policies are no longer anchoring day-to-day moves. david: on top of this, how much do you think is driven by the fear factor that it has been too good for too long? i know we have trade issues between china and the u.s., buto growth has beeg on forever, it feels like, in terms of quarter after quarter -- i w saw u.s. figure up 121 months of growth in a row, a record. it is similar in the en opean un well.
and markets just believe that the bubble has to burst. mohammed: if we were talking yesterday, david, i would have said yes. t today is different. today is greed, fomo, fear of missing out. why? because most profitable trade the last eight years has been t. buy on the d what we have seen today is people rushing in on a tiny bit of good news because they have been conditioned to buy on the dip. yesterday is about fear, today is about greed. we are seeing it exaggerated on both sides. david: and i don't know if it ic the biggerre, really, but if you look at the currency spat going on between the u.s. and m china at tent, how great are the concerns that china actually is prepared to say, you know what, let the yuan slip irther, and they're in it for the long haul, w suppose means forget any idea of settling this trade dispute?
mohamed: so i think that isos probably thelikely outcome. we will get the occa cease-fire -- that is what we have seen today. but if you look at the underlying drivers, and not just economic, they also have to do with domestic politics, na security, they suggest an escalation of trade tensions. and underneath all that, therere orrible numbers out of singapore today in terms of growth, outlook. europe is having difficulty having tractio there is a lot of victims around of these trade tensions. it is not just a u.s.-chin issue. laura: mohamed el-erian on market turbulence. you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight's rtogram, 50 years after the troubles began in rn ireland, we see if another experience of reconciliation can provide some lessons
laura: three men from manchester in the u.k. have been held as heroes by pice in oesterle after they help restrain a man who was- in australia after they helped restrain a man who was attacking pedestrians with a knife in sydney. a second woman was found dead inside an apartment building on the same street. here is phil mercer. phil: terrifying carnage is how police have described the rampage in sydney. s video footage showe suspect apparently shouting "allahu akbar" and "oot me." the armed man is eventually tackd to the ground. he is pinned down with café chairs and milk crates before the police arrived. a group of it is men had been working in an office nearby when they heard the commotion. they ran down and chased the allegedde off
>> wielding the knife with blood on it. all the people were going away because he is wielding a knife. i don't know whether it is an ctinst thing or what, but we have got to restrain this guy from doing any more. phil: the courage of the three men from manchester and others australianed by police. >> as members of the public, they got iolved, and they are brave, and i can only use that word seriously. they are significantly brave people. two get a person with the mindset of what this person did. phil: the body of a woman in her early 2 apartment nearby.n investigators believe the death is linked to the stabbing rampage. the men wielding the large butcher's knife has been identified as a 21 will with a healthy of menta proble believe he wasce
acting alone and does not have links to terrorism. the motivation for the attack is not yet known. full mercer, bbc news, sydney. laura: this week marks 50 ye since the beginning of the troubles in northern ireland. the conflict lasted decades and claimed thousands of lives. the era of apartheid in south africa led to bloodshed ere. like northern ireland, the country went through its own journey of reconciliation. our joha has been to belfast to look at a peace process on another continent. reporter: it is home to a people haunted by the past, ghosts that will not let go. like south africa, northern ireland has connection to its violent history. for 30 years, this community was the scene of bloodshed.s thousare killed in sectarian violence.
.hese gates are going to close soon for the nig it ithto help e communities living on either side feel safer. but as a south african who live, under aparth have come to find out why more than 20 years after the peace agreement, these divisions still exist. ♪ >> my father's name is trevor.rt re: in the play "blood red lines," the cast members have personal stories of the troubles. in south africa there is a common narrative, apartheid was wrong. a man whose father was killed in a bombing over $.40 a common over 40 years ago said a common e narratesn't exist here. >> there is an ongoing debate as to the definition of an victim here.
if we can get an understanding of how violence affected people and how people had to live through nonviolence, we can get to a stage of acknowledging what we have done to each other. reporter: but reaching an understanding is difficult while there are continuing divisions. growing up in south africa, segregation was stark. but even i have never seen anything like this. this is one of many in belfast eping two communities separate. efforts at integration have not been enough. communities remain polarized. a vast majority of schools in nortd.rn ireland are segregate i visited two schools in londonderry, one with many protestant pupils, and a catholic school separated by a river and identity. i am south african. what you identify as? >> i identy myself as irish. >> i identify as irish. >> i identify as irish. >> i identify as irish. reporter: but to a school with
protestant pupils -- what dyou identify as? >> british. >> british as well. reporter: what do you think it is still so separa? >> fear of unknown. there's not much integrationn communitie reporter: what sort of future do you imagine? more open and accepting of people. >> i think it is an influence to walk by olderenerations, ople who are in a family who are particularly one-sided. >> i think there still is bitterness from older generations and sometimes tho trickle down, that we were born after the peace agreement. we don't know what happened. we can read a textok, but the tengion stone -- the tensions don't have to be there. reporter: so how do you overcome those tensions? for this professor, it is about trust. he has worked on south africa's and northern ireland's transitions. >> you think of south africa,
sometimes people use the language of reconcils tion, it implcertain vision of the future that can silence people as well. reconciliation is a contestedea it is not getting everybody together and saying we all agree on this gre future. it is more that we agree to share the space. reporter: two societies of a similar history. the violence has diminished since the days of mass aughter, but neither society has the luxury of forgetting about the past. i'm reminded that piece is a fragile thing. bbc news, belfast. laura: it is still a few weeks until a major summit on climate change at e united nations in new york, but greta thunberg is already packed. that is because the teenage tmpaigner is going to sail acro atlantic on a zero-carbon journey.tr she will beling on a yacht with solar panels and underwater
turbines. our chief environment correspondent has been speaking to her about the voyage. reporter: how do you get to new york without any co2 essions? this is how. but greta thunberg isn't anxious. greta: i might feel a bit seasick. it is not going to be comfortable, but i can live with it. reporter: it may be fast, but she is not comfortable, warns the skipper. >> no washing, no shower. we just put close on and we keep them for two weeks. reporter: there's no fridge, no kitchen, no heating, and no privacy. >> here you have your little intimate corner. you can hide here and use a bucketre porter: this blue bucket is the toilet. but there are also no carbon emissions. the entire journey wl be under sail, and all the electricity will be generated by sol panels and turbines.
if we are honest, one person giving up flying doesn't make any difference in a world of 8 billion people. what is the point? greta: i mean, the point, i think, is to sort of create an opinion. by stop flng, you not only reduce your own carbon footprint, but that sends a signal to other people around you that the climate crisis is a real thing. and that also it pushes al politivement. reporter: but it's been a year since the 16-year-old began her climate strikes, and carbon emissions continue to rise. she plans to encourage world leaders to take more urgent action in new york. so this is the bunk where greta will be sleeping. there is a little rtain should she want it. when theoat is tipping over, you could pull this uplfnd
wedge your you are squeezed in so you will not fall out. actually, i will be honest, it is quite cozy. and despite the privations, she is looking forward to the trip. groda: i think it will feel in a way, to be just a loan with -- to be just alone with those on the boat and the ocean. i think that will do good. the voyage will take two weeks. greta's team say they have not yet quite how she will get back from america. laura: greta is setting sail. h remember, you can find mre of all the day's news on our website. i am laura trevelyan. thank you for watching "bbc world news america." announcer: funding for this presentation is made possible by... the freeman foundaon; by judy and peter blum-kovler foundation,
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captio nnewshour productions, llc >> nawaz: good evening. i'm am nawaz. judy woodruff is away. on the newshour tonight: fallout in russia. fear lingers after nuclear engineers are killed in a mysterious rocket explosion. what it means for the country's weapons program, and for vladimir putin's hold on power. then, the artistic world is micked as legendary operatic tenor placido dongo is accused by multiple women of sexual harassment. and, digital casinos: where you can't win, but you can lose everything. an inside look at how gambling companies target vulnerables uso play online-- where there's zero chance of reward and every chance of financial ruin.w >> you don't kis until you play this game, but you've got a problem.