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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  August 16, 2019 2:30pm-3:00pm PDT

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woman: this is "bbc world news america." is made possible by... the freeman foundation; by judy and peter pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs; and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. laura: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am
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fura trevelyan. hong kong is braci another weekend of protests. tonight the crds have turned out, but police say they are in control.y the autopsport into the death of jeffrey epstein has been released. we will bring you the findings. plus, capturing iran through the camera's lens. one photographer gave up a lucrative career to follow his passion and travel the globe. laura: for those watching on pbs and around the go, welcome to "world news america." hundre of people have gathered in the center of hong kong to the latest democracy protest. further demonstrations are planned for this weekend asot te
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11.nter week today the head of cathay pacific quit after beijing targeted the airline over staff taking part in the protests. from hong kong, john sudworth has the latest. john: this freewheelngg, free-traity was once a haven for those fleeing china. now chinese fishermen landing fair catch here have no ti talk of human rights. weeks of chaos have led to falling orders, and they know who to blame, hong kong's young protesters. >> they don't believe in china now, that when they grow up, they will know china is right. john: it seems an unlikely hopeh fear that hong kong's promised autonomy is being eroded under chinese rule has brought ny thousands onto the streets, undeterred by tear gas or rubber bullets. sohis week, in what looks like a deliberate warninginese paramilitary police have been
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ingathand conducting riot drills in the border city of shenzhen. but the hong kong at least appear unconcerned. are you confident that the hong kong police force is able to maintain public order, or do you think we are getting close to the moment when chinesein rvention becomes inevitable? >> this is a trying time. we all face tremendous pressure. but i can tell you, we are confident that we have the capability to maintain order in hong kong. john: there are other ways to apply pressure, though after some staff from hong kong's a agship airline took part in the protests, chevented it -- threatened to prevent it from using mainland airports. the chief executive has now resigned. meanwhile, another weekend of protests has begun, with further clashes likely. on the one hand, the chinese communist party knows thate
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rolling roops into hong kong would bring huge economic and diplomatic costs, but it kalws that this summer of rage presents probably the biggest challenge to itsy authornce the tiananmen protests 30 years ago. and there is no sign yet that the people are ready to ba down. john sudworth, bbc newg kong. laura: the official results of an autopsy of jeffrey epstein haveust been released. mr. epstein was found dead in his cell in manhattan while awaiting trial on sex trafficking charges. chris buckler is with me now. what do the results show us? chris: jeffrey epstein was found dead in his cell last saturday morning. the details were not immediately published, that that did not stop a series of stories and speculation in u.s. media, with "the washington post" reporf ng that one oe bones broken in his neck, more common in
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strangulation's as opposed to hangings. however, that is not the case in the case of older men because their bones tend to be more brittle. the new york medical examiner's office has released a short statement in which they say they have determined that it was a case ofic death by e. laura: but there is an investigation, is into their, into how someone so high-profile chris: and with so much surrounding this story, his links to the rich, the famous, and the influential, there is a real desire from the u.s. department of justice to show that they are taking this seriously. they have theg fbi, amon others, investigating. there are claims of serious irregularities at the prison where that, real questions as to why he was taken off suicideat just a matter of days after an earlier attempt to kill himself. laura: t investigation continues even though he is dead, doesn't it?
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chris:he prostration to the victim -- deep frustration to the victims of jinfrey eps but william barr and the department of justice is insisting thathe trials will continue there. they areat pursuing asso of jeffrey epstein. these are people who groomed, abused, and recruited underage girls. laura: chriskl b, thanks for being with us. riot police in zimbabwe's capital, harare, have used tear gas and batons to disperse protesters. police also used water cannons after the demonstrators pgan a sit-dotest. this happened after the main opposition party called off a mass insertion or the -- mass demonstration over the country's deepening economic cris. reporter: the police had feared violence. but today, it didn't come from the protesters. opposition supporters staged
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sit-in, the police set on them. several people were injured as they tried to flee, including this woman. the protesters have beenfo dispersenow. as yvy can see, there is a hea police presence. averal hundred opposition civil-society members had gathered on the streets singing and chanting, saying they wanted emmerson mnangagwa to leave power. earlier, several hundred people had gathered to find a police -- defying the police ban, to pressure the government to act against the declining andards of living. zimbabwe is beset with many problems -- joblessness, rising prices, shortages of water, power, and fuel. despite the standoff with police, defiant protesters returned again and again. we were caught up in the crossfire. the opposition has de'cribed the s's response as overkill. >> when you are facing a confrontational regime, we must
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that are going to be about that. they cannot be above tit people. tried it and was defeated. margot mugabe tried it, and was defeated. mnangagwa is trying it, he will be defeated. reporter: in the run-up to the protests, human rights groups said six people were abducted and tortured for mobilizing demonstrators. authorities deny they were involved, but there is a sense of a deepening fear fat goes beyoday's events. the government, less than two years in power, is battling widespread discontent that could potentially escalate. for now, the protesters had left, and the streets n.e quiet agai but given the mounting frustration, they are not likely to be gone for long. laura: today the story of the two u.s. lawmakers originally banned from israel took another twist.
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rashida tlaib was given otrmission to visit her palestinian grandmher in the west bank on humanitarian grounds. but then she said she wouldn't go, twee these oppressive conditions stands against everything i believe in, fighting against racism, oppression, and injuste." the back-and-forth has ignited much political debe, and a brief time ago i discussed it with alana abramson, congressional correspondent for "time." democrats had rallied around ilhan omar and rashida tlaib. now that rashida tlaib is not going to the west bank, does that fracture the unity around her at all? alana: i don't think so. there is unity around e fact that they are angry that israel barred them from entering. i think the unity is very timid, t t i think t can hold up. laura: has president trump succeeded in trying once again to make those two young congresswomen of color the face of the democratic party? alana: if you look at a certain segment of the population, if
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you look at twitter, that is ala they are talkiut. but if you go into the sng districts and even the halls of coress, they are not necessarily the ones everyone is talking about. they may be the loudest voices right now but i don't think they are necessarily becoming the face of the party. laura: speaker nancy pelosi, who bes had some difficulties managing these num of congress, where does she go from here? alana: it is an issue that she is continug to grapple with. with this particular issue, it was pretty easy. she supported theitrip, and then when israel banned it, she supported them again. this time the status quo is whae it has alway. laura: what does the whole rowo doat was more or less a bipartisan consensus on israel in congress? alana: that really is the issue you are dealing with here. at this point it has given people license to be -- to make it less of a biparsan issue. laura: as we look ahead to the 2020 election, this fault line
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that the president is trying to create with painting the radical left of the democratic party, do you see that continuing? alana: y, 100%. republicans are open about the fact that they are trying to brand the entire party as these socialists who are trying to turn america into russia. laura: the pre does this play with them? alana: i think that with the evangelicals, christihey are very big supporters of israel, ill support them. overall they will be supportive. i did hav a couple of republican donors grumbling that this was not smart and a publicity stunt, but o the base support him. laura: alana abramson, thanks for being with us. alana: thank you for having me. laura:ou in other news from the world, and iranian oil tanker givenea permission to gibraltar is prepared to set sail.
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it was heading to syria in breach of eu sanctions. it was promised to depart after a promise not to take its cargo to syria. the democratic republic of congo has suffered a setback as it tries to contain a year-long outbreak of ebola, with a new region reporting its first cases. a mother and her child tested positive for the virus. a tropical storm that hit western japan on thursday has left one person dead and injured doze more. n who died fell into the seat while trying to tie up his boat. gales uprooted trees andst snapd lampin the region of hiroshima. the storm later moved out to sea. north korea says it will never sit down for talks with south korea again. this comes after president moon tained of reunithe peninsula in 25 years. a blistering statement, the north fumed that it was ansi
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il for seoul to expect talks to resume afternt the j military exercises with the u.s. this comes as the north launched two more test missiles into the sea. id was joi a fellow at the woodrow wilson center. what is it that has really got the north's goat, those military exercises? what is it? >> that is the reason a are giving, the proximate cause, these joint exercises they get upset over every year. underlying that is sending a message to the united states and particularly president trump that kim jong-un is running out of patience. he really has nothing to show for his diplomacy so far. he wants to start seeing results. o he has put his domestic time frame by the furniture of -- by the end of the year and it is aimed at -- not running e -- not burning the whole thing down, just delivering the message to donald trump that this will not happen on his timeframe. this has got to start moving or
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he can bring it back to where it was a couple ylas ago. a: north korea is launching more of the short-range missiles, which has to worry japan and south korea. the u.s. special representative for north korea will meet those allies next week. what kind of reception is he going to get? katie: they will want to hear some real serious atassurance. hey are hearing from the white house so far is that these short-range missiles are not a ig deal, that he is not concerned, that no problem. they will want reassurance that it is takenus ser, seen as a serious problem because they are in range of these missiles. these are united states allies. inere are a number of united states citizens arange of these missiles. this is not the kind of same old, same old technology being tested. these are new, more modern missiles with more capability which will be harder to defend against. they want to know thte the united stakes this very seriously, even if the president is not saying so publicly. laura: what exactly is president trump's strategy? he has based the wholeon thinis personal relationship with kim jong-un,
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but what does he need to deliver? katie: kim jong-un will want to mse something serious in t of sanctions relief, perhaps in terms of the united states moving away from its commitment to defend south korea. in an ideal wod, north korea would like to see the denuclearization of the korean peninsula, removal of all u.s. military assets from any position that could targetinhe korean pla. of course, that is not what is likely to be on the table. but he will want at the very least to have someing. he has made essentially two promises to his people -- he has told them he will develop nuclear weapons and he will develop the economy. helaims to have done the first, but he cannot do the second unless he gets real movement on sanction laura: do you see tensions rising in the short-term? katie: i think this have been very carefully calibrated. caese are not missiles tha hit the united states mainland. kim jong-un has refrained from doing anhing that would get us back to the fire and fury days of 2017. but he has associated himself t very personally withd he is front and center supervising these tests. he is calibrating these moves
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carefully, but he has miscalculated before and he can do so again and it is not helpful in termsf tensions. laura: thank you for being with us. there are reports tonight that kim jong-un himself personally oversaw the test firing of those ssiles on friday morning. you are watching "bbc world news igerica." still to come on t's program president trump may hav his buying greenland, but the island says not so fast, we are not for sale. laura: for most of us, school competitions may bring back memories of spelling beesa or rackth meets, bu next story has a two dollars and. the australian bush has species of birds with their own sound and they are being mimicked by
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students as part of a contest from the 1950's that is being revived. we listen s to how tdents are doing and sounding. do take a listen to the story. reporter: this is thebird olympics. clarity isey k so is enthusiasm and accuracy. >> is going to be loud. reporter: that is the sound of an australianell bird. one of the entries into friendly competition which mimics the sounds of native birds. >> that's not it. [whistles] reporter:nt the stulive in the far south coast of new south wales, where the noble art of bird calling is being revived. >> magpie.
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>> all rht, let's hear a magpie. reporter: it is a local tradition which dates back to uge 1950's and 1960's, but only recently been bro back to life. these men are former bird calling school champions, and now have themportant job of ntoring the next generation. that was a familiar cackle of the kookaburra, followed by a cuckoo. nnthe automatically becomes a local hero, but no matter the outcome, they are all and the birds think so, too. laura: now to the story which has everyone in washington and greenland talking. last night "the wall street journal" first reported that
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president trump, who loves a real-estate deal, was considering buying the danish territory. today the world's largest island shot back. t intter post -- in a ten t, grd listed the area -- greenland listed the area's vast resources and ended by saying, "we are open for business, not for sale." vivian salama was among the reporters who broke the story and she joined us a short time ags how serious esident trump about buying greenland? vivian: one thing i've learned is that i can never assess how serious he is, he is very unpredictable. but advisers who have had conversations with h all seem to think that it is defind ely on his mriously, but whether he would execute a plan to go forward with it is not so serious we feel like it is not imminent, but it is definitely festering in his mind. laura: he would not be the first u.s. president to want to buy greenland, would h vivian: no, and that is what was interesting about reporting the story -- at first we scratched
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our heads and said, what a wild idea, d then we looked into it and went, huh. actually, in the 1800s there was an attempt to buy not only grnland but also iceland by the u.s. right after worlwar ii there was another attempt where president harry truman offered $100 million to denmark to buy greenland, and it was a quid pro quo, theyin were to give denmark a portion of alaska so that they could do excavation and oil research and things like that. that was the plan, and the u.s. would take all of greenland. but denmark refused ca that time e they saw the strategic benefits of keeping greenland theirs. d laurmark has refused this time and so has greenland, so it ems like a nonstarter. vivian: absolutely, and even if denmark wanted to and greenland did not, for example, that would be a nonstarter, too, because at sovereign cannot transfer a country to another sovereign. things don't work that way anymore in the world.
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but also, denmark wouldn't want to. for denmark, greenland is what makes it a major player in nato, not to mention the fact that they have access to the natural resources and the strategic benefits its position in the arctic. that is why the united states is interested in it, too, not to mention that it is a real-estate bargain for president trump and he is a real-estate developer. definitely can see both sides, but unless the people of greenland agree and th congress were to agree on something like this, we cannot hold our breath. laura: i guess the u.s. congress did agree to the louisiana purchase. but what does this story tell you about the way president toump operates and the way his advisers operate, vivian: the president l pick up ideas that people tell him randomly, and it does not necessarily have to be seone in the know. but someone puts an idea in his head and it stays he likes to take what i call in formal opinion polls from where he starts asking people in the room, "what you think about this, do you think i can pull i"
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of that is what really we felt was happening here. it is not necessarily that he ordered an offial inquiry into the matter and the paperwork started, but he definitely sat with his white house counsel, which is what made it so interesting to us, and said hey, can you look into this? our understanding is that it did not go anywhere. but the fact that it would even go that far made it very lainteresting. a: vivian salama, thank you for being with us. vivian: pleasure. laura: how many of us have dreamed of ditching the day job and making our passion pay the bills? well, one made it happen. once a top exec at a chinese internet company, now he is a freelance photographer traveling the world. one of his first stops was iran, and recently we spoke with him about the images he captured and the people hmeet. >> five years ago i was working fonthe big internet company china.
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i quit my job and decided to traveling around the world. gradually i just start my life of photography. iran ia beautiful country. a long time i really want to be there. i went there two months and i traveled many places. i just want to see different people. but i had no plan. you know, in china, it is difficult to go there. from the media, everybody heard about islamic cultur be dangerous, maybe not good for tourists' but i don'believe it. so i went there. actually, most beautiful placeic and mostpeople there.
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when i was walking in the bazaar, i saw that the barbershop of ali. amazing barbershop. this year he is 80 yrs. this is just like tha -- for hi. he always smil it is a difficult time for the iranian peoplebecause sanction from other country. the rate of the currency i think about 20% decrease. it is so difficult for them. thople there suffering fro situation.
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all ofy friends, they think, why you quit your job? it's a good job. why you do this? are you crazy? i told them i'm not crazy. i just want to be myself. it is the most important for me. less money, but i'm happy. laura: he follows s dreams and is happy as a result. remember, you can find much more of all the day's news on our website. plus, to see what we are working on at any time, do make sure to check us out on twitter. i am laura trevelyan. thank you for watching "world ne nouncer: funding for this presentation is made possible by... the freeman foundation; by judy and peter blum-kovler foundation,
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pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs; and by cpbtributions to thistation from viewers like you. thank you. announcer: now you can access more of your favorite pbs shows than er before... this is the future! with pbs passport, a member benefit that lets you binge ndmany of the latest shows catch up on your favorites... we really are living in the modern world. any time you want... man: wow! how about that? anywhere you are. woman: there's lkeerally nothing lihis in the world. announcer: support your pbs station and get passport, your ticket to the best of pbs.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> nawaz: good evening. i'm amna nawaz. judy woodruff is away. on the newshour tonight: crackdown in kashmir. one of the world's most contested pieces of land, caught between two nuclear powers, india and pakistan, at a moment of crisis. then, it's friday. michael gerson and karen tumulty e here to examine thes' democrhances of taking back the senat israel's denial of entry to two members of congress, and rising fears of another recession. plus, the music, the myt and wat it all meant. reflections on tdstock festival, 50 years later. >> for a minute, we were not facing the vietnam war.er for a minute, e not facing losi the kennedys. for a minute, dr. king's death

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