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tv   PBS News Hour  PBS  August 16, 2019 3:00pm-4:01pm PDT

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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> nawaz: good evening. i'm amna nawaz. judy woodruff is away. on the newshour tonight: crackdown in kashmir. one of the world's most contested pieces of land, caught between two nuclear powers, india and pakistan, at a moment of crisis. then, it's friday. michael gerson and karen tumulty e here to examine thes' democrhances of taking back the senat israel's denial of entry to two members of congress, and rising fears of another recession. plus, the music, the myt and wat it all meant. reflections on tdstock festival, 50 years later. >> for a minute, we were not facing the vietnam war.er for a minute, e not facing losi the kennedys. for a minute, dr. king's deathwa 't hanging over us. for a minute, we were behaving like decent human beings.
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>> nawaz: all that and more, on night's pbs newshour. >> major funding for the pbs newshour has been provided by: >> text night and day. >> catch it on replay. >> burning some fat. >> sharing the latest viral cat! >> you can dthe things you like to do with a wireless plan designed for you. with talk, text and data. consumer cellular. learn more at consumercellular.tv >> babbel. a language program that teaches spanish, french, italian, german, and more. >> financial services firm raymond mes. >> the ford foundation.wo rking with visionaries on the frontlines of social change worldwide.
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>> and with the ongoing supporte of institutions:s and frie the newshour. >> this program was made possible by the corporation for publ broadcasting. and by contributions to your pbs station from viewers like u. thank you. >> nawaz: representative rashida tlaib now says she won't visit the west bank to see her grandmother, hours after the israeli governme granted her entry on humanitarian grounds.al israel ini barred both tlaib and fellow democratic congresswoman ilhan omar from entry over their support of boycotts protesting israel's policies and treatment of palestinians. but israel reversed its ban on tlaib, on the condition she promise not to promote the
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boycotts during her trip. tlaib tweeted that she would not visit under such "oppressive conditions." north korea meanwhile fired two projectiles into the sea fridayt markinsixth launch in three weeks. those launches came after a government spokesman for the north criticized south korea for continuing planned joint military exercises with the u.s. pyongyang also rejected the south's offer of peace talks. in hong kong, pro-democracyrs protesegan a weekend of demonstrations amid suspicion china may sendfon paramilitary es. at night, thousands of demonstrators gathered for ale studenrally against the ruling communist party in beijing. earlier, in the chinese border town of shenzhen, chinese paramilitaries held exercis at a sports stadium. but, police in hong kong sisted they're in contro >> we are confident that we have the capability to maintain law
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and order in hong kong. in general, from my personal contact with the frontline troops, they are motivated, stable and maintain high morale, and we love our place and we want to contribute. >> nawaz: major pro-democracy rallies are planned for saturday and sunday in hong kong. police in zimbabwe today cracked down on opposition demonstrators in the capital, as they enforced a ban on anti-government protests. demonstrators were demanding president emmerson mnangagwa address rampant flation, water shortages and widespread power outages. hundreds rallied in the streets of central harare. police then fired tear gas and beat some of the protesters as crowds fled down side streets. >> we don't have any food, nomo y, not even anything. that's why we came here, we want to solve our problem. but how can we solve our problem when they hit us? they come and beat us, so what ln i do for that? >> nawaz: oppositiders said seven people were injured and 80 others were arrested.
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more than 500 migrants have died in the americas this year. that's according to a new report out today from the u nations' migration agency. the u.n. said those % mbers mark a crease over last year. 259 deaths were due to drowning in shipwrecks or attemiver crossings. the report does not include the 11 fatalities inside u.s. migrant detention centers. four states and the district of columbia today filed a lawsuit challenging thtrump administration's new rules that disqualify immigrants from earning green cards if they use public assistance. that includes medicaid, food stamps, and some public housing programs. california attorney general xavier becerra said the rules have led to a "chilling effect" on immigrantamilies. >> the trump rule wants to put the power to bar your path to become a citizen if your child participates in something as basic as your neighborhood school lunch or nutrition
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program. this trump rule weaponizes nutrition, health care and housing. itb.cts like a ticking timeb >> nawaz: the new rules are set to go into effect in october. ting director of citizenship and immigration services ken cuccinelli announced the rule change on monday. he said the administratiig welcomes ints who are "self-sufficient." e new york city medical examiner has ruled jeffrey epstein's death ws a suicide. the results of the autop released today said epstein hanged himself in his manhattan jail cell last saturday. the financier was awaiting trial on federal sex trafficking charnds. the f.b.i.ustice department are both investigating epstein's deat after "serious irregularities" were found at the jail. there are nerevelations today about the air force's probe into sexual assault allegations made against president trump's pick for the pentagon's second- highest military post. air force investigators determined there was infficient evidence to pro
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air force general john hyten had anp"unprofessional relations with his close aide, army colonel kathryn spletstoser. hyten's polygraph test was also deemed to be "inconclusive." a separate report from the defense department's inspector general could be made public as early as next week. hyten has denied the assault claim. he faces a full senate confirmation vote next month. meanwhile, a new report from the state department's inspector general has found politically- motivated harassment at one of the department's top bureaus. career staffers in theu of international organization affairs said they were mistreated and retal against by top trump administration appointees who w thought the "disloyal" to the president. the state department vowed to provide a corrective action plan within 60 days. in economic news, wall street ended this turbulent week ofad g on a positive note. the dow jones industrial average imbed 306 points to close at 25,886.
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the nasdaq rose 129 points, and the s&p 500 added 41. greenland said today it is not for sale, amid reports that desident trump has expres interest in the u.s. buying the semi-autonomous danish territory. a trump ally told the assoated press that the president discussed the purchase, but was not serious about it. beone of greenland's two m of the danish parliament insisted today her nation was off the market. >> greenland is not for sale. and if it was for sale, it would be up to the peoples of greenland. greenland is an indigenous population, and in many ways, i think if greenland was for sale, i don't think, we would not sell it to the u.s. i think we're concerned about the fact that we're seen as something that you could just trade. it's quite disrespectful. >> nawaz: president trump is not the first american president to pitch the idea. in 1946, president harry
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truman's administration offered to purchase greenland from denmark in exchange for $100 million in gold. and, two lucky kayakers in alaska survived a close call while investigating cracks in a glacier. one of the kayakers posted this dramatic video onl ie, showing bridge collapsing and falling into the water below. a huge splash washes over the two men as they paddle away from the oncoming wake. alaska has seen its lowest levels of sea ice ever this summer as record temperatures and wildfires have grown amid the climate crisis. stl to come, on the still to come on the newshour: flashpnt in kashmir. we get a view on the ground from this disputed territory. new reports of the abuse faced by separated migrant children, this time in the u.s. foster care system. mountain biking and cattle grazing-- who gets priority on public lands plus, much more.
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>> nawaz: hundreds of people protested the security crackdown and clashed with police friday in indian-controlled kashmir today. at the same time, india's government said it was constantly reviewing the situation there, and would move restrictions it had placed on the region two weeks ago when it removed kashmir's autonomous status. life in kashmir has beenpa lyzed. stores remain closed, and traffic along normally busy crossroads is thin. under an unprecedented lockdown, nearly four million peop-a in the indiinistered part of the territory have been confined to their hcoes, in a total unications blackout. >> ( translated of now, even we have been locked in, everything is locked down. whatever the government has done, it iyonot good. ev is under house arrest. >> nawaz: tensions in the region ekve escalated since last when indian prime minister narendra modi stripped the
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primarily muim state of its semi-autonomous status. kashmiis now in its 13th day under this crackdown, but authorities say they will soonsc allools and offices to reopen, and phone service to be restored. >> telecom connectivity, which has been a point of sore concern, will be gradually eased and restored in phased manner, keeping in mind the constant threat posed by terrorist organizations in using mobile connectivity to organize terror actions. >> nawaz: despite the measures to prevent unrest, anger at india's government for revoking kashmir's autonomy hasd sporadic street protests, and sometimes violent confrontations. control of kashmir has been contested by india and pakistan sie 1947 post-colonial partition that separated the two countries. the nuclear-armed neighbors each administer parts of the region,a ted by the line of
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control. the countries have already fought three times over kashmir. now, pri minister modi has defended this takeover as ait national securdecision, to quell attacks from separatist militants in kashmir, which pakistan has supported in the past. but, on twitter today, pakistanr prime minister khan called india's actions "fascist tactics" that will not "smother the kashmiri liberation struggle khan expressed his concerns with president trump, over a teleone call this morning. mr. trp said he would soon hold talks with prime minister modi. also today, at the request of pakistan, the u.n. securit council met behind closed doors to discuss kashmir for the first time in more than 50 years china's u.n. envoy urgedoth countries to avoid takingn unilateral acter the region. >> the tension is already very tense and very dangerous. >> nawaz: but india's ambassadoe to.n. called the situation an "internal matter."
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>> we don't need international busybodies to try and tell us how to run our lives. >> nawaz: for more on what things are like on the ground in kashmir, we're joined by surabhi tandon, special correspondent for france 24 who just returned from a five-day trip there. halcome to the "newshour". let's start withyou saw and heard from kashmirys on the ground living through this lockdown. >> well, i was in the city about five days and i tried to visitgh as many nrhoods as possible. of course, the securityo situationt of< h day in that th extent of the situations were changing each day that i was there. but for the mot part, people where i was was wer under a fair amount of lockdown, movement was restricted. in fact, if yoi ddn't have a pass or a reason to go to the ho tital or somethit was urgent, you weren't really allowed to move arounbetween neighborhoods. this is for civilians.
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for jrnalists, as well, we were guarded. in most areas we went to, there were some no-go zones. of course, i was there during the time of eve which was monday. so on saturday whh was the 11th of august, the government eased up ronstricand old some markets in parts of the city, and that's when you saw a fair amount movement, people coming out and buying things in preparation r the festival, t also buying things to stock up because nobody knows even ats thoint how long these situations ar goingto last. >> nawaz: surabhi tandon, travs the reaction on the ground when india first made the move to revok autonomy. a lot of people are wondering why we didn't see larger scale protests. >> i would say first of all, it's not possible at the moment with the military presence in the valley. kashmir is already one militari, fore the 5th of august, 45,000 extra troops were brought
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in, so that's almost one military personnel for tendency vi y yans. u see this military presence everywhere, and especially in areas that have frequent protests, even we weren't allowed, with giant signs that blockaded the roads. people were barely allowed to walk through. no public transport going in. one large protest on friday which has been reported by some media outlets, but these were contained because to have the neavy military prnce that surrounds these ighborhoods. already with these small otests, you had the military throwing in ear gases, in fact, also using palette guns. this is happening on the ground. >.>> nawaz: when we talk about the the future of kashehmir, we a lot from the leaders of india and pakistan. you have been talking to people on the ground on the
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india-administered side. what is it they say they want for their future? >> in kashmir, when youay wha do people want in the future, well, first of all, the people at i spoke to say that they don't agree with this division because they counter- in the decision.he they say andecision made by the indian state that has been forced on them. nnd or many in kashmir, this will continue,d some, of course, said that now the resistance might even become more extreme the people in the middle, their argument to stay ito india be pro india is stronger, and now perhaps people feel the one side which is anti-being part of the indian state, and what will happen, how this ange
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will erupt is to be seen. >> nawaz: that is surabhi tandon, special correspondent for france 24 reporting from new delhi tonight. thank you very much. >> nawaz: we continue our coverage now of the separation of migrant families at the border. a new investigation by the associated press and pbs's "frontline" finds allegations of physical and sexual abuse for some children who are moved into government-funded foster care after they are separated fromes their fami as jeffrey brown tells us, the report suggests there may beeg more aions and lawsuits to come. >> brown: the a.p. looked at 38 legal claims from famtoies preparinue the federal government. ed some cases, very young children were plith foster families where they were legedly molested by othe children. the allegations, many of which have not been public until now,
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raise questions about the government's ability to house migrant children in places beyond large shelterteand crowded ion centers. one attorney told the a.p. that these cases are "the t of the iceberg." martha mendoza is part of the reporting team for the a.p. and joins me now from mountain view, california. >> thanks for joining us. what kind of abuses are we talking about that are being claimed here and wh are thefá victims? >> so the victims range from babies to teenagers, and the type of abuses range from sexual molesting to verbal abuse orh even just dready9 fear of being separated as a family and noknowing where tir loved ones were. >> tell us a little bit more about the situation othe children and their parents and the families. these are children who have bee separated. >> yeah, so under the administration's zero tolerance policy, when kids come in the country with their parents, they are separated. the parents go to detention, but the children become wards of the
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department of health and human services, which has been working to place them in residential shelters, sometimes in large detention camps, and the younger pes, they've tried to put them into fosterrograms, and these programs are somewhat like you would think of foster car but they're also a little different. for one thing kids are very far away from their parentsir also tarents don't know where they are. many times, it can be weeks before they figu out where their kids are. then these can be a foster family that mayking five or six kids at a time, they spend the night at foster home and by day they go to a day center where they have different pes of programs. >> reporter: so it's somewhat familiar with what people are familiar with the foster care praps."ñath
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the department of health and human services which is responsible for the kids got back to us and said they would make every effort to take good care of their children when they
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have them in their custody. >> rorter: what about from the foster care centers and families themselves? >> kiota centers are based in new york and the largest center for foster care. they told this morning they are very concerned about the allegations and they, too, are doing their best to provida safe and secure for these children untail they're reunited with parents or other sponsors. >> reporter: these, if i understand right, are the first claims of their kind to be filed. tell us how this is coming about, who's bringing them and who'lhelping the aleged victims here? who's working with them?hr >>ghout, for the past year and a half, the immigrants have rofits,pported by nonp southern poverty law center, civil rights groups, other advocates, and now they're coming in partnership with nonprofits and major law firms like arnold and porter, so these are going to be some potentially
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powerful litigants for the federal government to be up against. the way the claims rk were, in order to sue the federal government, you first have to file a claim demanding a certain dollar amount and then, after six months, if the federal government does not respond,th you can file a lawsuit. there is not a lot of precedent on this. this feels like the first financial consequence toer taxpfor this policy that has been in place for some time >> reporter: but you're saying, as i quoted, one of the lawyers said to you this could be the tip of an iceberg. you're seeing to potentially wider implications, certainly financial implications and more. >> right. so we saw 38 claims. 3,000 families have bee separated under these policies, and even the attorneys involved in filing them said they had manyore in th works. >> repte martha mendoza of muthe a.p., thank you so ch. >> thank you.
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>> nawaz: stay with us. coming up on the newshour: as over 20 democrats run for the presidency, a look at the party's chances of retaking the senate. michael gerson and karen tumulty break down another packed week of political headlin. plus, reflections on theal woodstock festt 50. can the music from back then u still motoday? it is a recurring conflict in the western u.s., where relaxino in the great os bumps up against those who use the land as tfrir livelihood. iowa public tv's "market to market" program, josh buettner discovered a place where that conflict has been ovred by coexistence. >> reporter: since its birth in the old want era, farming ranching have been tied to grand junction's economy. now e largest metro area on colorado's western slope, recent decades have seen the region's picturesque landscapes attract a new wave of stakeholders.
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>> one of the challenges in the west right now is finding common ground between livestock producers and agriculturalists and outdoor recreation people.yp >> reporter:ally running over 500 head of cattle on 12,000 acres of land they lease from theity of grand junction, janie vanwinkle and her husband howard areccustomed to sharing resources and dealing with adversity. drought last year forced them to sell off around 20% of their herd. this year, a downhill bike trail is looking to break ground and eventually cut through their ranch. >> this particular part of colorado has been a pretty under-appreciated part of the state for a long time.te >> rep george gatseos is general manager of over the edge sports in nearby fruita, which has become a mountain biking mecca. the area boasts hundreds of miles of single track trails initially constructed on public land by volunteers, led by tte colorado pla mountain bike
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trail association, or a. the 30-year-old non-profit has fi chapters and roughly 50 membrs. in 2016,he group's $1.6 million "palisade plunge" trail proposal was given the go-ahead bytate government, though funds were allocated. all nner of activity on western public lands, whether biking, grazing, hunting or mining, to name a few, fall under the purview of the u.s. bureau of land managemt. of the more than 245 million acres overseen by the federal agency-- about 13% of the nation's land-- over eight million of those acres are in colorado. grazing permits on public land are administered by the b.l.m. and the u.s. forest service.s federal numberveal livestock foraging activities generate almost $150 million annually in colorado. >> you expect that you're going to see livestock grazing in those same areas, and so i think
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a lot of the bicyclists realize that a lot of their trails actually came from cattle walking through this area. >> reporter: collin ewing is a b.l.m. national conservation area manager in western colorado. >> and somebody decided to ride albike on it. you know, eventuly it became a big sport, and the b.l.m. adopted those trails. >> reporter: initial tra plans would have sliced through the heart of the vanwinkle's lease the ranchers were concerned thar excess trashpassing and habitat disruption would be a problem. but the cyclists worked with the vanwinkles, and agreed on a less disruptive route. >> they're goi to cut across the corner of th property, and that'll work for us. and they're comfortable with it, to >> we both love the land. we use it slightly differently. so that's probly bound to bring some differences of opinion too, so. >> reporter: in neby mcinnis canyons, 21 grazing allotments sit among the nearly00 miles of trail and river access.
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>> you're seeing that a lot in the west now. ranching and mining towns that are still ranching and mining towns, but also are inviting tourism into their economy >> reporter: one of the b.l.m.'s biggest challenges is accommodating multiple uses of terrain owned by all americans. >> so this is a bicycle cattle guard, so that the bicyclists don't have to get off their bike to open the gate. and so the gates don'teft open.so the cow stays in the pasture and everybody has a good time. >> woooo!te >> rep many ranchers employ rotational grazing practices to regenerate pasture but e effects of multiple land users can lead to frustration. >> we're an easy target. but in reality, it's all of the mes, and we have to figure out how we're going toake that all work together. we were able to come up with a compromise, and i think that's really important, no matter what we're talking about, just understanding each other that's a really important piece. >> reporter: by navigating the
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convergence of recreation and livelihood on public land, rvakeholders hope they've a durable path toward collaboration in their community. for the pbs newshour, i'm josh buettner igrand junction, colorado. >> nawaz: while nearly two dozen democrats are competing for the presidential nomination, the party's strategy to win back the u.s. senate is facinserious trouble. one issue-- some of the candidates that democrats say have the best chance of winning senate seats are instead running for president. lisa desjardins breaks down the state of the 2020 senate races. >> today, i'm ending my campaigo r president. >> desjardin a glimmer of hope this week for democrats' battle to re-take the senate in 2020. former colorado governor john hickenlooper exited the presidential race, lost in a crowd of democrats, leaving the door open for a senate run.
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>> i've heard from so many coloradans who want me to run for the united states senate. they remind me how much is at stake for our country. had our state. i intend to givesome serious thought. us desjardins: democratic leaders have serhoughts about it, too, because hickenlooper may be their best shot at defeating colorado's republican senator, cory gardner. and that is one of democrats' best picp opportunities nationwide. right now, republicans hold 53 seats in thsenate, for democrats to take over. they need to flip three or four of those, depending on which party wins the psidency and can break senate ties. colorado is one of a handful of states wh that potential. democrats are also targeting susan collins' seat in maine, and martha mcsally's in arizona, where democrats recruited retired astronaut mark kelly. another possibility-- thom tillis' at in north carolina. so far, democrats have seen much of the party's star power tied
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up in the race for the white house. like, montana governor steve bullock. earlier this month, bullock told newshour anchor judy woodruff he doesn't plan on making a senate bid. >> woodruff: are you ruling it out? >> i'm ruling it out. >> desjardins: and then there's. te democrats are hoping yet another presidential candidate, beto o'rourke, opts instead for a second senate run in 2020-- >> thank you, texas! >> desjardins: --after narrowly losing to senator ted cruz in p18. >> i'm running fsident. i'm running for this country. >> desjardins: but just this week, o'rourke pushed back. >> i will not, in any scenario, run for the united states senate. i'm running for president. i'm running for this country. >> desjardins: part of the challengfor democrats is they must also defend their own seats, and may be vulnerable in alabama, michigan and new
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hampshire. >> corey lewandowski loves your state.n >> desjardins:w hampshire last night, president trump talked up a potential senate bid by his former campaign chairman, corey lewandowski. >> this is trump cournty! >> desjardins: lewandowski would face democratic senator jeanne shaheen if he did enter the race, though the state's republican leaders have largy balked at the suggestion. for the pbs newshour, i'm lisa desjardins.>> awaz: and that brings us to the analysis of gerson and tumulty.ic that'sel gerson and karen tumulty, both of the "washington post." mark shields and david brooks are out. we are so grateful both of you are here. kern, karen, i want to ask, letk up where lisa left off, why aren't some of these high profile dems running foeth senate? >> it's so interesting. it's practically like these days running r president has become your safety school. the fact is that chuck schumer has been left at the altar in a number of states, noty just as
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lisa said beto o'rourke, but in georgia he wanted stacey abrams to take on as senate race well, and the stakes are really, really high because, even if the democrats can manage to geack the white house next year, if mitch mcconnell is still the majority leader in the senate, they are just not going to get a lot of things don and they have a path to the majority but it is a very, very narrow path, and their senate candidates are not really raising enough money now in part beause the presidential race is taking up so much oxygen. >> rorter: what is the pitch like to potential candidates to come join a grid locked body. >> that's true but it's also an election cycle for democrats. it shouldn't be. there are a lotmore republican seats up, but they're in red states. there are only a couple of targets of opportunity here. so one of the reason there
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aren't more marquis democrats is it's a difcult circumstance. they have to win colorado. that's the only path to their majority votes from colorado. i think hickenlooper may actually be a very, very goo candidate. l ere wasn't much appetite for a centrist -- practintrism in the presidential race, but there really is in coorado, and they like the fact that he's a former bar keep, so i thinkhey use that as an honorable path to power. t >> reporter: ay don't have to make up their miebdz just yet. h that's true, and te saints vary, but it's a couple of months in both cases. >> reporter: did you see some of these vehicles, kar, maybe potentially changing their mind or announcing they will end up ruing for these seats? >> well, i think there's going to be a lot of pressure onec bullock, elly if he doesn't make the debate stage this next month. so, yes, i mean, chuck schumer th -- the light is on in window. >> reporter: i want to talk to
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you also about anotherxd story e have been following this week. obviously it'taken a lot of twists and turns in the last 24 hours alone, but israel's denial of entry to two sitting members of the u.s. congress of representatives,ta li, tlaib ano some colleagues in congress said they supported the ban. this tweet was fromen reprtive zeldin, republican from new york, who said it doesn't seem shocking, theye unwelcome in a nat they're taking great pains to tear down. what do you make of the reaction from their own lawmaker colleagues. >> generally this has been off limits and now we're seeing this has become a partisan support for israel -- an organization like aias tried to keep support from israel from being a partisan issue for decades. they're the ones that reacted in
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a very clear-eyed way that said we'll welco a republican member -- that israel shouldwe ome any republican member of congress or democratic member oñ congress.bu i think the president and netanyahu have taken what shoule no partisan issue and made it into partisan issue and people are now coming down on various sides of this partisan issue. that's nod good, by the way, for israel or r the long-term american relationship with israel. >> reporter: what do you make of how thisun folded over the last couple of days, karen? >> i think whatever the forces were that went into decision here, i think what is even more astoniing is president trump's behavior in this in that israel was ready to go ahead and let them in assuming that, you know, there's an advantage to sort of ke keepg the dialogue going, which is generally how other countries have treated members of congress. but it was only after president trump gets into this a public puts pressure on israel, and it was only that we saw them reverse that decision,
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and it is likely an traordinary thing to see a president of the united states putting pressure on a foreign power to essentially punish his adversaries. >> using the federal government as a method to score settle wit: political opponents is not normal either for the president of the united states. usually foreign policy is not conducted like it's a reality television show but now evidently that's how it's done. >> reporter: are you worried that sets a dangerous precedent in some way? >> absoluty, i think any of these relationships now could be used by the president as a backdrop for his pitical ploys. and we have, you know, avoideas that overfor the most part, and this, i thi, is a new and, you know, worser ray.te >> rep karen, it's worth pointing out, of course, that the partnership with israel is strong, and there's a lot more to talk about, as economic
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l&eeáái security partnership. can we een have those conversations now? has it just become too politicized? >> well, i do think that is why you see a pack leading pro israel lobby actuallyt criticizing yahu on this decision. this is something that almost never happens, but i think they are, in fact, looking at the long game here. ng weporter: another t wanted to ask you about, of course, was the president, last night, often gets criticized, you know, for not tugking e about the economy when it is going so well. he did talk about it last nigha but he tlked about it in a very specific way. take a listen to what pr aident trump had to say new hampshire rally last night. >> but you have no choice but to vote for me because your 4o 1ks, down the tubes, everything is going to be down the tubes. so whether you love me or hate me, you have to vote for me. >> reporter: michael, people f have to vor him. he says there's a volatile week on the market and some
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prediction -- what do you makeof it? >> it's an odd appeal to say you may hate me but you have to support me, but i think that's what he's going to support some people with. if the democratic party is too r left on economics he's going to paint them as socialists and say you may not like the way i conduct myself, but this is a , binary choice andu know, if you want the stock market and the economy to grow tu need support me. so i think it's a preview of the argument he's actuallgoing to make during the election. a lo will nd, of course, on whether the economy is doing badly or doing well, and we see some warning signs right now -- they're more yellow lights than ghts, we're not sure where this leads -- but he's previewing his themes going into the election. >> reporter: this islp the question, right, if the econom is not doing well, if some of these concerns do come true, what does that mean forhe
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president?fá >> well, the proof is in the performance and, whether fair or not, psidents get rewarded if the economy÷ is performing well, and they get punished ifhe economy is doing poorly. i think this week we all got tou refresh our memories on what an inverted yield curve is. >> reporter: would you care to explain for those following along a home? >> sure. usually bondholders, who the stock market i not theconomy, but the bond market is very much more of an indicator of the economy. usually, bondholders will demand higher interest rates for tying up theyir monor a long time and lower ones for short team. this inverte this week, and that has been something that has happened that hasreceded six of the last six recessions, so this is a real warning sign.he we'vd trump try to blame the fed, we've heard trump try to blame the media, we're going to hear him trying to blame the
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democrats, but the fact is his performance on the economy is the only place where his approval numbers are above 50%, and a the economyks, he's in a really bad spot.d >> i would athough, that i think a lot of his support is not on the eco, no's actually o on cultural issues, divisive cultural issues. i don't think, even with the rescission, that his base breaks, the change would be more on the margin. but presidential elections are often decided on the margin. se.y're sometimes quite cl so it could make a very large difference. but this president could be a little different than most previous examples. i think a lot of his supporters would buy the argument that the fed and the media was at fault and trust the president on these issues. ,ut it can't help him obviously. >> there was also his move, of course, to delay some of those tariffs. he has been rhetorically rampina up the war with china. do you think he sort of said, okay, maybe i need topump the
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brakes because i need the economy to remain strong? >> it was a form of concession that somehow thihuwas going to people around christmastime. he didn't want to be the grinch that tayr christmas. but i think what that indicates is that these tariffs, they're not hurting china, necessarily, or at let not ultimately, they're hurting americanc consumers, and i think he conceded that by delaying the tariff. >> it was alsoo interesting hear him say i never said these tariffs with china would be an easy trade war. in fact, that's precisely whatg] he said. he said trade wars are easy, and is not turning out to be the case, not just, by the way, in, this countt his tariff policies have also slod the growth in european countries as ll. and, so, normally, when we have rldwide economy slowing down, countries can get together and sort of some up with a coordinated strategy to deal with it. given presi tdentrump's
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policies, it is really hard to see that sort of effort kind of coalesce. >> it's actually threatening german and japanese cars at the sameimee're trying to have a united front. >> reporter: trade wars aren'tr easy,either is purchasing semiautonomous territories from other countries. i never thought i would say this, but let's talk about greenland. what do you make to have thepr storsident trump floated the story of>2ñ purchasing greenld. >> not a silly idea. it's like africa, the chinese are the bre, they'ilding infrastructure, they want to exploit resourcesamerica has to have a response, but this is one that actuallyffends the people of greenland by engaging in u.s. dollar colonialism. they want independencerom denmark, they're certainly not going to accept dependence on states. >> reporter: karen? he's a real estate man looking to buy property? >> i think it's a gigantic distraction from everything eldo
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donald trump not want to be talking about right now. >> reporter: which would be is this. >> which would inlelude the pr with the economy, the situation at the border, the questige of whether he cat any sort of gun legislation through. what we have seen with this president is, very often, whensp he's in t like this, he will sort of throw something else out there to get people talking about something else. >> reporter: so now we're all talking about greenland. >> exactly. it worked. >> reporter: karen tumulty and michael gerson, thank you so much to b th of you. nk you. >> nawaz: tonight's "brief but spectacular" features painter walton ford, whoser ork examines lationship to animals in the wild, who, as he puts it, "would rather be left ale." this episode is part of our ongoing arts and culture serie "canvas."
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>> i make very large watercolors.lf he time you're at the zoo, you're saying, "oh man, those things are a lot weirder-looking than i thought," or "that's a lot bigger than i thought it was." "those are smaller than i remembered them." so i put them right in your face. and when you go to the show, you really do feel that. everybody gets a little overwhelmed when they're faced with one of these things. >> growing up in the suburbs i felt like everything was sort o husbanded, everything wasni red. i had a fantasy about being immersed in the wild. and going to the museum ofl natustory, i would lose myself in those dioramas. and i, i would bring a sketchbook, even when i was a little kid, and draw the animals and just l that's the first stuff that i did. that's the stuff that came out from inside of me. that was my-- that was what was there. then i went to art school. it didn't feel cool. it's easy to have contempt for what you're really good at. and what i was really good at was drawing and painting in a rather traditional way, and also .hinking and relating to animals in the natural wor
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the art world had no place for somebo who was making work like this. after i got out of rhode island school of design, trying to be t sort of artihat i wasn't, i returned to the stuff that i did when i was a kid. sthat's actually when thi started really going well for me. i look at my work as a sort of meditation on the sort of cultural history of our relationship with animals, especially animals that would rather be left alone. because my subject matter can be grim, the best pmantings that i have a sort of dark humor in them. sir richard burton, the african explorer, kept a collection of monkeys. he gave them all human roles, anthropomorphic roles. i deliberately altered the behavior of the monkey to accommodate richard burton's twisted view of how he was training these monkeys, and learning their language. and it ties into colonialism and i have a series of paintings
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i've bee years, about a female black panther that escaped from the zurich zoo in 1933. she was loose in the swiss countryside and the dead ofor winterlike, ten weeks. that's the kind of thing i'm looking for. i'm looking for stories that are so much better than stuff that i could make up. and then, i'm making stuff up from that place. m name is walton ford,"bnd this is mef, but spectacular" taken the imagined animal. th >> nawaz week marks 50 years since a dairy farm in new york state became the home for woodstock and groundbreaking music history. to many, the festival is still seen aa defining symbol of 19iss counter-culture, idealm and the anti-war movement. but d it have a lasting impact? jeffrey browlooks back at that
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weekend and what it means five decades later. it's part of our arts and culture series, "canvas." >> brown: in the summer of 1969, richard nixon was in the white house. neil armstrong walked on the on. the vietnam war raged on. and, some 400,000 people made their way to a field outside the small town of bethal, new york for a gathering that wouldbe me one of the defining moments of an era.la michae was one of the organizers of the woodstock festival. >> it's ways important to promote peace, and music is a great way to bring people together. a lot of the things that came out of the '60s, came to sort of r awarenesses. really the advent of sort of concern about the planet,
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conservation, grew out of that era.♪ ♪ >> brown: idealism was still in the air, two years after the so- called "summer of love." but, says todd gitlin, author "" the sixties: year of rage, days thof hope," so was sog else. >> it was a show of cheerful defiance. let's show we can triumph over war. real ame hca. and whatpened subsequently was that rebellion became the dominant >> brown: what began as a ticketed concert, with promoters timating 50,000 attendees, quickly evolved into something very different-- a free and free-form festival, with a mass of humanity, stoked by an incredible line-up of some of e '60s biggest rock stars: janis joplin.
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santana. sly and the family stone. and many, many more. mostly helicoptered in, after the roads were clogged and unpassable. they, too, got into the spirit. ♪ ♪ am for a minute, we were not facing the vietn war. for a minute, we were not facing losing the kennedys. for a minute, dr. king's death wasn't hanging oveus.nu for a , we were behaving like decent human beings. >> i heard a bz in the air about this festival that was going to happen. >> brown: photographer henry diltz was there onstage capturing it. >> i spent a couple of weeks documenting the building of the stage, and the hog farm, camping grounds, and all that. all these people sowwed up, you it was photographed from all different angles, you know, most of mine were from on-stage and that sort of brings it into the present for everyone to
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remember. photos are wonderful that way. >> reporter: this past week, >> brown: this past week, diltz, michaelang, and others gathered at the morrison hotel gallery in new york city, and a line formed around the block with people young and old, to reminisce-- or learn about an event that took on the quality of myth. >> i'm really excited to see what's going on. a lot a lot of pushing of certain movements, cultural movements, that's what i think of woodstoc >> very joyous for the most part. a little tense at times, tedious at times, but everybody, i think, had this shared feeling, i think, that something extremely important was happening. >> brown: the food and water almost ran out. g peop sick. and torrential rains turned the grounds into a mud bath. but somehow, ts instant "city" worked, amid the high music, drugs, and a feeling that maybe they really could change the world.
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♪ ♪ >> brown: one of woodstock's most famous performances, by jimi hendrix, came early on its fourth morning. >> ts is probably my favorit photo, because it was my favorite moment, which happened to be the very ending of the whole festival. jimi hendrix, the headliner was supposed to suose the show ay night, but it was so backed up that it went on monday eorning, so we were all a lit bleary-eyed and this band of gypsies came out with these colorful bandanas ad it was quite an amazing show and it was sort of startling when he started plang the "star spangled banner," with all the sounds of war, and we were anti-war, every person in that half a million crowd stas again the war: s brownin the end, there was a field of trashn enough cleaned up-- and decades of wondering "what did it all mean?" just four months later, violence at the altamont festival in california shattered any sense
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of peace and love tied to music. attempts to recreate the woodstock atmosphere for 25th and 30 anniversaries were chaotic and marred by riots. and a 50th anniversary concean that michaelhoped to present this weekend failed to come together, amid denied permits and financial problems. >> it was disappointing. i mean, the purpose behind it was really to promote engagement, make sure people got out and voted. i don't think things have ever been this critical in terms of what's going on in the planet and we hoped a fesval would be a way >> brown: r all the wonder of that moment in the summer of '69, for some, the "woodstock mystique" belongs in a "how we didn't change e world" time capsule. >> woodstock is sort of protected in history as a nd of moment of glory. i think it's delusional forin people to that you create that by simply packing hundreds
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of thousands of people into a field and celebrating.me , there's politics to be done. politics is in power. if people think that they can effervesce themselves into salvation, then i think they're bein- they're being misled, misleading themselves. >> brown: these days, giant music festivals, huge commercial affairs, have become the norm,an the country is once more anhugely divided socially d politically. but bringing it all together as ppened in that field in upstate new york 50 years ago? it's hard to imagine we'll see the likes of woodstock ever again.pb for thnewshour, i'm jeffrey brown. ew >> nawaz: on theour online right now, when we invited musician, actor and author common to our studios for anw,
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interve didn't expect we'd also get an impromptu performae. watch for the full interview in the coming days, but for now, check out what happened when we asked common to eestyle about "facts."th >> i came to d at the "pbs newshour." that's ours. you know how that is. >> that's >> nawaz: that's on our website, www.pbs.org/newshour. and late news before we go. hollywsd actor peter fonda h died in los angeles. his family says he passed away aftesuffering from lung cancer. fonda was ae1 member of a legendary multi-generational acting family. his father harry fonda, sister ne fonda ad daughter bridget phon davment he was perhaps bst known for his role in the 1969 film "eaider." peter fonda was 89 years old.
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later this evening on "washington week," robert costa will discuss president trump's economic and political wars and what they me for the 2020 election. that's coming up on "washington week." rand that's the newshour tonight. i'm amna nawaz. join us online, and again here tomorrow evening. for all of us at thes wshour, have a great weekend. >> major funding for the pbs newshour has been provided by: >> kevin. >> kevin! >> kev? >> advice for life. life well-planned. learn more at raymondjames.com. >> consumer cellular. >> babbel. a language program that teaches spanish, french, italian, german, and more. >> supporting social entrepreneurs and their solutions to the world's most pressing problems-- skollfoundation.org. >> the william and flora hewlett foundaon. for more than 50 years,
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advancing ideas and supporting institutions to prwoote a better d. at www.hewlett.org. >> and with the ongoing support of these institutions and friends of the new >> this program was made possible by the corporation for public broadcasting. and by contributions to your pbs statiofrom viewers like you. thank you. captioning sponsored by newshourroductions, llc captioned by media access group at wgbh access.wgbh.org
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hello, ndeveryone, a welcome to "amanpour and company." here what's coming up. >> our officers deserve to be protected and be the don't deserve to be shot at by a guy for hours with an unlimited supply of weapons a an unlimited supply of bullets. >> another gun incident. i asked scott jennings a close confidante of mitch mcconnell. >> when someone tells you you're not welcome, then how shouldio integrn work? >> amid violent reactions to migrants in germany, a tv host seeks to conquer prejudice in europe and the middle. ea >> your visit. >> i'm going to see bruce springstein's hometown. i

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