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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  August 16, 2019 5:30pm-6:01pm PDT

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woman: this is "bbc world news america." is made possible by... the eeman foundation; by judy and peter blum-kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs; and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you.
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s laura: t "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am laura trevelyan. hong kong is bracing for another weekend of protests. tonight the crowds have turned out, but police say they are in control. the autopsy report into the asath of jeffrey epstein h been released. we will bring you the findings. plus, capturing iran through tca ra's lens. one photographer gave up a lucrative career to follow his passion and travel the globe. laura: for those watching on pbs and around the go, welcome to "world news america. hundreds of people have gathered in the center th hong kong to latest democracy protest. further demonstrations are
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planned for this weekend a the protests enter wk 11. today the head of cathay pacific quit after beijing targeted the airline over staff taking parthe inrotests. from hong kong, john sudworth has the latest. john: this freewheeling, free-trading city was once a haven for those fleeing china. now chinese fishermen landing fair catch here have no time for talk of human rights. weeks of chaos have led to nolling orders, and they k who to blame, hong kong's young protesters. >> they don't believe in china now, tt when they grow up, they will know china is right. john: it seems an unlikely hope, the fear that hong kong's promised autonomy is being eroded under chinese rule has brought many thousands onto the streets, undeterred by tear gasr orber bullets. so this week, in what looks like
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a deliberate warning, chinese paramilitary pice have been gathering and conducting riotbo drills in ther city of shenzhen. but e hong kong police for now at least appear unconcerned. are you confident that the hong kong police force is able maintain public order, or do you think we are getting close to hethe momentchinese intervention becomes inevitable? >> this is a trying time. we all face tremendous pressure. but i can tell you, we are confident that we have the capability to mainngin order in ong. john: there are other ways to apply pressure, though after some staff from hong kong's flagship airline took part in the protests, china prevented it to-- threatene prevent it from using mainland airports. the chief executive has now resigned. meanwhile, anoth protests has begun, with further clashes likely. on the one hand, the chinese
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communist party knows that rolling the troops into hong kong would bring huge economic and diplomatic costs, but it also knows that this summer of rage presents probably the biggest challenge to its authority since the tiananmen protests 30 years ago. and there is no sign yet that these people are ready to back down. john sudworth, bbc news, hong kong. laura: the offial results of an autopsy of jeffrey epstein have just been released. mr. epstein was found dead in his cell in manhattan while awaiting trial on sex trafficking charges. owchris buckler is with me what do the results show us? chris: jeffrey epstein was found dead in his cell last saturday morning. the details were not immd,iately publishat that did not stop a series of stories and speculation in u.s. media, with "the wasngton post" reporting
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that one of the bones broken in his neck, more common in strangulation' hangings.sed to however, that is not the case in the case of older men because their bones tend to be more brittle. the new york medical examiner's office has released srt statement in which they say they have determined that it was a case of death by suicide. laura: but there is investigation, is into their, into how someone shigh-profile could kill themselves. chris: and witndso much surrg this story, his links to the rich, the famous, and th influenal, there is a real desire from the u.s. department of justice to show that they are taking this seriously. they have the fbi, amongthers, investigating. there are claims of serious irregularities at theso p where he was held, and beyond that, real questions as to why he was takenff suicide watch just a matter of days aftean earlier attempt to kill himself. laura: the investigation
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continueeven though he is dead, doesn't it? thes: the prostration to deep frustration to the victims of jeffrey epstein, but william barr and the department of justthe is insistin the trials will continue there. they are pursuing associates of jeffrey epstein. these are people who groomed, abuser, and recruited ue girls. laura: chris buckler, thanks for being withs. riot police in zimbabwe's capital, harare, have used tear gas and batons toisrse protesters. police also used water canno ter the demonstrators began a sit-down protest. this happened after the main opposition party called off a ss insertion over the en mass demonstration over the country's deepg economic crisis. reporter: the police had feared olence. but today, it didn't come from the protesters.op
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sition supporters staged a sit-in, the police set on them. several peop were injured as they tried to flee, including this woman. the protesters have been dispersed for now. as you can see, there is a heavy lice presence. several hundred opposition and civil-society members had gathered on the streets singing and chanting, saying they wanted emmerson mnangagwa to leave wer. earlier, seval hundred people had gathered to find a police -- defying the police ban, to pressure the governmens to act agait the declining standards of living. ymbabwe is beset with man problems -- joblessness, rising prices, shortages of water, power, and fuel. despite the standoff with efiant protesters returned again and again. we were caught up in the crossfire. the opposition has described the state's response as
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>> when yofacing a confrontational regime, we must also use tactics that are going to be about that. they cannot be above the people. smith tried it and was defeated. margot mugabe tried it, and was defeated. mnangagwa is trying it, he will be defeated. reporter: in the run-up to the protests, human rights groups obid six people were abducted and tortured forizing demonstrators. authorities deny they were involved, but there is a sense of a deepening fear that goes beyond friday's events. the government, less thaintwo yearower, is battling widespread discontent that could potentially escalate. for now, the protesters had left, and the streets are quiet again.t buven the mounting frustration, they are not likely to be gone for long. laura: today the story of the two u.s. lawmakers originally
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isnned from israel took another rashida tlaib was givensi peon to visit her palestinian grandmother in the west bank on humanitarian grounds. but then she said she wouldn't go, tweeting, "visiting under these oppressive conditionsin stands a everything i believe in, fighting against racism, oppression, and injustice." the back-and-forth has ignited much political debate, and a brf time ago i discussed i with alana abramson, congressional correspondent for "time." democrats had rallied around ilhan omar and rashi tlaib. nowa that rash tlaib is not going to the west bank, does thct fe the unity around her at all? alana: i don't think so. there is unity around the fact that they are angry that israel barred them from entering. i thinthe unity is very timid, but i think that it can hold up. laura: has president succeeded in trying once againe to make tho young congresswomen of color the face of the democratic party? alana: if you look at ain
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segment of the population, if you look at twitter, that is all they are talking about. but if you go into the swing districts and even the halls of congress, they are not necessarily the ones everyone is talking about. they may be the loudest voices inght now but i don't they are necessarily becoming the face of the party. laura: speaker nancy pelosi, who s had some difficulties managing these numbers of congress, where does she go from here? alana: it is an issue that she is continuing to grapple with. with this particular isspr, it waty easy. she supported their trip, and then when israel banned it, she supported them again. this time the status quo is what it has always been. eslaura: what he whole row do to what was more or less a bipartisan consensus oel in congress?a: alhat really is the issue you are dealing with here. at this point it has g people license to be -- to make it less of a bipartisan issue.
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laura: as we look ahead to the 2020 election, this fault line tat the president is trying to create with painti radical left of the democratic party, do you see that continuing? alana: yes, 100%. trepublicans are open abo fact that they are trying to brand the entire party as these socialists who are trying to turn america into russia. laura: the president's base, how does this play with them? alana: i think that with the evangelical christians, they art very big sups of israel, they will support them. thoveral will be supportive. i did have a couple of republican donors grumbling that this was not smart and a publicity stunt, but overall the se support him. laura: alana abramson, thanks for being with us. alana: thank you for having me. laura: in other news from around the world, and iranian oil tanker given permission to leave gibraltar is prepared to set
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sail. it was headingcho syria in br of eu sanctions. it was promised to depart after a promise not to take its cargo to syria. the democratic republic of congo has suffered a setback as it to contain a year-lon tstbreak of ebola, with a new region reportingirst cases. a mother and her child tested positive for the virus. ta tropical storm tha hit western japan on thursday has left one person dead and injured dozens more. the men who died fell into the seat while tryingti to e up his boat. gales uprooted trees and snapped lampposts in the region of hiroshima. the storm later moved out to sea. north korea says it will nevert wn for talks with south korea again. this comes after president moon talked of reunifying the peninsula in 25 years. in a blistering stament, the
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rth fumed that it was an illusion for seoul to expect talks to resume after the joint military exercises with the u.s. this comes as the nortlaunched o more test missiles into the sea. i was joined by a fellow at the what is it that has really got the north's goat, those military exercises? what is it? >> that is the rean a are giving, the proximate cauex, these joincises they get upset over every year. underlying that is sending a message to the united states and particularly president trump thatim jong-un is running ou of patience. he really has nothr g to show fos diplomacy so far. he wants to start seeing results. he has put his own domestic time frame by the furnitur of -- by the end of the yearnd it is aimed at -- not running the -- n burning the whole thing down, just delivering the message to donald trump that this will not happen on his timeframe. this has got to start moving or
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t back to where it was a couple yeas ago. laura: north korea is launching more of the short-range missiles, which has to worry japan and south koreth u.s. special representative for north korea will meet those es next week. what kind of reception is he going to get? katie: they will want to hear some real serious reassurance. what they are hearing from the white house so far i these short-range missiles are not a big deal, that he is not concerned, that it is no problem. they will want reassurance that it is taken seriously, seen as a serious problem because they are in range of these missiles.e the united states allies. there are a number of united states citizens are in range of these missilth. this is nokind of same old, same old technology being tested. these are new, more modern missiles with more capability which will be harder to defend they want to know that the united states takes this very seriously, even if the president isub not saying socly. laura: what exactly is president trump's strategy? he has based the whole
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thing on his personal relationsh but what does he need to deliver? ntkatie: kim jong-un will o see something serious in terms of sanctions relief, perhaps in terms of the united states moving away from its commitment toefend south korea. in an ideal world, north korea would like to see the denuclearization of the korean peninsula, removal of all u.s. military assets from any position that could target the korean peninsula. of course, that is not what is likely to be on the table. but he will want at the very least to have something. he has made essentiay two promises to his people -- he has told them he will develop nuclear weapons and he will develop the economy. ot claims to have done the first, but he cao the second unless he gets real movement on sanctions. laura: do you see tesiions in the short-term? katie: i think this have been very carefully calibrated. these are not missiles that can hit the united states mainland. kim jong-un has refrained from doing anything that would get us back to the fire and01ury days of but he has associated himself very personally with it and he
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in front and center superv these tests. he is calibrating these moves refully, but he has miscalculated before and he can do so again and it is not helpful in terms of tensions. laura: thank you for being with us. there are reports tonight that kim jong-un himse personally oversaw the test firing of those missiles on friday morning. you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight's program president trump may have his eye on buying greenland, but thisland says not so fast, are not for sale. laura: for most of competitions may bring back memories of spelling bees or t rack meets, but this next story has a two dollars and. the australian bush has speci of birds with their own sound
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and they are beingimked by students as part of a contest from the 1950's that is being revived. we listen to how the students are doing and sounding. do take a listen to the story. reporter: this is the bird olympics. clarity is key. so is enthusiasm and accuracy. >> is going to be reporter: that is the sound of an australian bellird. it is one of the entries into a friendlyompetition which mimics the sounds of native birds. >> that's not it. [whistles] reporter: the students live in the far south coast of new south wales, where the noble art of bird calling is being revived.
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>> magpie. >> all right,ar let's magpie. reporter: it is a local tradition which dates back to the 1950's and 1960's, but only recently been brought back to life. these men are former bird calling school champions, and now have the important job of mentoring the next generation. that was a familiar cackle of the kookaburra, followed by a cuckoo. the winner automatically becomes a local t hero, but no matterhe outcome, they are all winners, and the birds think so, too. laura: now to the sty which has everyone in washington and lleenland talking. last night "the treet
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journal" first reported that president trump, who loves a real-estate deal, was considering buying the danish territory. today the world's largest island shot back. in a twitter post --n i a tweet, green and listed the area -- greenland listed the area's vast resources and ended by saying, "we are open for business, not for sale." vivian salama was among the reporters who broke th story and she joined us a short time ago. how serious was president trump about buying greenland? vivian: one thing i've learned is that i can never assess how serious he is, he is very unpredictable. bu conversations with him all seem to think that it is definitely on his mind seriously, but whether he would execute a plan to go forward with it is not so serious. we feel like it is not imminent, but it is definitely festering laura: he would not be the first u.s. president to want to buy greenland, would he? vivian: no, and that is what was
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interesting about reporting the chstory -- at first we scr our heads and said, what a wild idea, and then we looked into it and went, huh. actually, in the 1800s there w an attempt to buy not only greenland but also iland by the u.s. right after world war ii thwae another attempt where president harry truman offeredli $100 m to denmark to buy greenland, and it was a quid pro quo, they were going to grte denmark a n of alaska so that they could do excavation and oil research and things like that. that was the plan, andd he u.s. woke all of greenland. but denmark refused it that time grcause they saw the strategic benefits of keepinnland theirs. laura: denmark has refused this time and so has greenland, so it seems like a vivian: tely, and even if denmark wanted to and greenland did not, r example, that would be a nonstarter, too, because at the end of the day, one sovereign cannot transfer
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a country to another sovereign. things don't work that way anymore in the world. but also, denmark wouldn't want to. for denmark, greenland is what makes it a major player in nato, not to mention the fact that they have access to the natural resources and the strategic benefits of greenland just from its position in the arctic. that is why the united states is interested in it, too, not to mention that it is a real-estate dergain for president trump and he is a real-estatloper. definitely can see both sides, but unless the people of greenland agree and the u.s. congress were to agree on something like this, we cannot hold our breath. laura: i guess the u.s. congress did agree to tha louisiana pu. but what does this story tell you about the way president trump operates and the way his advisers operate, too? vivian: the president loves to pick up ideas that people tell, him randomd it does not necessarily have to be someone in the know. n hisomeone puts an idea head and it stays with him. he lik to take what i call in formal opinion polls from where
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he starts asking people in the room, "what you , ink about th you think i can pull it off?" that is what really we felt was happeninhere. it is not necessarily that he ordered an official inquiry into the matter and the paperwork started, but he definitely sat with his white house counsel,is whhat made it so interesting to us, and said hey, can you look into this? our understanding is that it did not go anywhere. but the fact that it would even vego that far made i interesting. laura: vivian salama, thank you for being with us. vivian: pleasure. laura: how many of us have dreamed of ditching the day job and making our passion pay the bills? well, one made it happ once a top exec at a c internet company, now he is a freelance photographer traveling the world. one of his first stops was iran, and recently we spoke with him about the images he captured and e ople he meet. >> five yes ago i was working
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for the big internet company in china. i quit my job and decided to traveling around the world. gradually i just start my life of ptography. iran is a beautiful country. a long time i really wt to be there. i went there two months and i traveled many places. i just want to see different people. but i had no plan. you know, in china, it is difficult to go there. from the media, everybody heard about islamic culture, may be dangerous, maybe nottsood for tour but i don't believe it. so i wt there.
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actuly, most beautiful place and most nice people there. when i was walking in the bazaar, i saw that the barbershop of ali. amazing barbershop. this year he is 80 years. this is just like tha -- for hi, he always smiling. it is a difficult time for the iranian people, because sanction from other country. the rate of the currency i think about 20% decrease. it is so difficult for them. people there suffering from the situation.
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all of my friends, they think, why you quit your job? it's a good job. why you do this? are you cr i told them i'm not crazy. i just want to be myself. it is the most important for me. less money, but i'm happy. laura: he follows his dreams and is happy as a result. remember, you can find much more of all the d's news on our website. plus, to see what we are working on at any time, do make usre to checut on twitter. i am laura trevelyan. thank you for watching "world ne announcer: funding for this presentation is made possible by... the freeman foundation by judy and peter blum-kovler foundation,
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pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs; and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. announcer: now you can access more of your favorite pbs shows than ever before... this is the future with pbs passport, a member benefit that lets you binge many of the latest shows and catch up on your favorites... we really are living in the modern world. any time you want... man: wow! hot that? anywhere you are. woman: there's literally nothing like this in the world. announcer: support your pbs station and get passport, your ticket to the best of pbs.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc ni >> nawaz: good e. i'm amna nawaz. judy woodruff is away.ou on the newshtonight: crackdown in kashmir. one of the world's most nntested pieces of land, caught between tlear powers, india and pakistan, at a moment of crisis. then, it's friday. michael gerson and karen tumultm are here to e the democrats' chances of taking back the senate, israel'twdenial of ento members ofri congress, and sing fears of other recession. plus, the music, the myth, and what it all meant. reflections on the woodstock festival, 50 years later. >> for a mine, we were not facing the vietnam war. for a minute, we were not facing losing the kennedy for a minute, dr. king's death wasn't hanging over us. for a minute, we were behaving like decent human beings.


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