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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  September 10, 2019 2:30pm-3:00pm PDT

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woman: this is ""bbc world news america. is made possible by... the freemafoundation; by judy and peter blum-kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs; and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thanyou. laura: this is "bbc rld news america." reporting from washington, i am laura trevelyan.
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national secury advisor john bolton is fired via tweet. prident trump said his services were no longer needed their divisions ran deep. the human cost of the war in yemen. the bombs off daily, and families are faced with a devastating consequences. >> now that their home has been destroyed, once their discharge fromospital, they have no idea where they are going to go. laura: plus, we will have the latest on reports that a high-level spy was extsicted from rby the u.s. amid fears that his cover was about to be blown. laura: for those watching on pbs "world news americbe, welcome to "your services are no longer needed" -- that is how presint trump disposed of national security advisor john bolton via
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twitter. he is the third pers to hold the pose in less than three years, and his exit comes days after talks with the taliban for were cald off. mr. bolton says he resigned. once again the two men disagreed, as they d on licies ranging from iran to north korea. the bbc's north america editor jon sopel startour coverage. jon: john bolton is the hawk'ser hawk -- c, dry, clever, and confrontational. and this morning still to be found on the white house grounds. but not anymore. he has been turfedut by presidential tweet. "i informed john bolton that his services are no longer needed at e white house. i disagreed strongly with many of his suggestions, as did hers in the administration. therefore i asked john for his resignation." but highly unusually and in a sure sign of the acrimony over this departure, bolton also took president's veof events.the
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"i offered to reangn last night, president trump said let's talk about it tomorrow." at a white house briefing with e treasury secretary and secretary of state, two men that john bolton have clashed mo with, there were grins all ouound. c. pompeo: last night the president asked for ambassador bolt's resignation. as i understand it, it was received this morning. the presis entitled to the staff that he wants, and at the moment there is a staff person who works directly for the president of the united states and he should have people he trusts and values and whose efforts and judgments benefits foreign jon: far from seeking to paper over the crack they were pulling back the wallpapernd saying let's look at these ssures. sec. pompeo: i don't talk about the innerworkings. there were many times ambassador to be sure.i dagreed, that's jon: this president is often depicted as impetuous and trigger-happy, restrained by his
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advisors. but with john bolton it may havw been the oth around. john, which isretty amazing.er i'm the one that tempers him, but that's ok. jon: on any number of policyru issues, donald and john bolton were not aligned. on iran, john bolton advoc red aggresponse.the president wantet on venezuela, bolton thought sanctions could bring the overthrow of nicolas ro. the policy has failed. most recently, the president weekend with a suit at camp david with taliban leaders. of 9/11, and boltoght theversary idea was crazy. that view somehow found its way into the public domain. perhaps the final straw for the president. and so donald trump is now casting around for his fourth innational security adviso under three ars, one of the most pivotal jobs in any american administration. jon sopel, bbc news, washington.
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laura: for more, i spoke with shane harris, who covers national security for "the washington post." john bolton is out somehow. whether he quit or was fired isp a matter of e. was it that issue of talking to the taliban that was the final disagreement between him and t president? shane: yeah, i think the issue is that john bolton believed and had advised the president asly goces a week or so that he did not need to sign an agreement with the taliban or to make good on his campaign promise to pull american forcesi out of afghaan. wlton was fundamentally opposed to striking a deh a group of people he believed have american blood on their hands, that we should not be signing treaties with people who harbored al qaeda. this is only the latest big,nd ental disagreement bolton had with the president, but it appears to be the one thfi lly broke this rocky relationship. laura: how does it look for the president to lose his third national security advisor in ss than three years? shane: i think in an ordinary
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administration that would be a sign of chaos, but this is oot inary one. we have many signs that foreign policy is run by donald trump himself. traditionally the national security advisor plays a much more involved role in shaping e white house'thinking. we know that this president reacts on his own and goes by impulse and by gut and valuesat personal rnships that he has with world leaders, including some notorious dictators that have long been pariahs in the u.s. foreign policy establishment. i don't know what john bolto really thought he was going to be able to do. thisdent does not really heed the advice of his national security advisers very much. laura: john bolton seems to be determined to have the last word on why he left or was fired. could that be damaging to the president? shane: it coulrebe. i'm ohn bolton will be very eager to tell his side of went in the white house. but clearlyere we see another example of a senior official not wanting to be fired by tweet. he wan to make clear that this
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ffer he gave to the president to make it look like it was on his terms. i suspect john bolton will be out there -- he has already been texting reporters in whington this afternoon wanting to tell the final tick-tock of how he decided it was time to go and not that the president shoved him overboard. laura: what is this going to mean for foreign polic is the president now free to meet with president rouhani, as the secrety seemed to suggest earlier today? shane: well, he was free to meet whoever he wanted. he met with kim jong-un, which i am sure made john bolton swallow really hard to see an american president sitting on the same level as the leader of rth korea. donald trump is going to do what he wants to do andeet who he wants. but removing bolton certainly will get an opposition forced out of there, and prob satisfy a lot of people like mike pompeo and others who did not trust john bolton and had tried to sideline him through a number of key decisions, mosthi recentlyafghan peace plan, where he really wasn't even in the inner circle and much at the
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table for the drafng. laa: shane harris, thanks much for joining us. shane: you bet. laura: now to yemen, where the united nations says human rights violations are taking place during what they call thworst humanitarian crisiin the world. civil war has been raging there for more than four years between the government backed by a sau -led coalition supported by the u.s. and the u.k. and houthi rebels backed by iran. the port cit of hodeidah is crucial to the supply of aid and medicine. from there, a bbc arabic special correspondent sent this report. reporter: he is yet anotr father in mourning. in a city that has suffered the worst of yemen's brutal war, he leis here to survey what i of his family home. just a few days ago, as they all slept, an artillery shell la ed here. he tells me it was impossible to help everyone.
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reporter: his daughter's toys remain, but she is no longer here to ay with them. that night, he lost his six-year-old daughter, his wife, his mother, and his sister. in the hospital, the rest of the family that survived.ug his other er, a one-year-old, was hit by shrapnel. her eyesight may never recover. what they have beethrough.nd the family only just returned home after fleeing the fighting over a year ago, a decision they are now regretting. the whole family is hed they are all worried about thell same thing.
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now that their home has been destroyed, once they are discharged from hospital, they have no idea where they are going to go. city, thousands have fled their homes. those who remain worried for the -- worry for their future. this local market might be busy. but only two blocks away, the battle continues. we follow one of the commanders from the houthi rebels. he shows me how the city is still at war. reporter: there is meant to have been a cease-fire across the city brokered by the u.n. 10ci the deal was a rarmer of hope for yemen. but since then, both sides are still accused of targeting residential neighborhoods, andve peace has been further
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away. as the city collapses around them, the pele struggle to survive. this man lives with his daughter. they mayave survived the shelling but they have been lefs mentalrred. reporter: he tells me fear of hunger is worse than the bombing. reporter: outside the city, tens of thousands of people live in camps like this one.no
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but in yemenatter where they go, there is no escape from the horrors of this war. bbc news, hodeidah. laura: the endless agony of according to u.s. media reports, the united states expected a top level russian informant for safety reasons in01 less than a year into donald trump's presidency. the decision to end a covertio mi reportedly came after concerns were reportedly raised about how president trump handle thtclassified information t had been gathered from the kremlin. i was joined earlier by evan mcmullin, a former cia operative. how unusual would it be for theo u.s. to have to extract a top-level spy from russia? evan: well, it is certainly noteworthy and important.us it is not l that an intelligence operation like this where we are gathering information from ins
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hostile government with a source orultiple sources, it is n unusual that those operations get to a point where they need to end, and those soneed to be protected through exaction from the country. what makes this case unique is that this was a significant it would have been tncies or one of the agencies' certainly most valuable sources. the loss of that source, the withdrawal of the source from his or her position in the russian government is significant. we do this for other sources as well, but this was a truly significant source. the loss of that intelligence will be felt by the u.s. h government, been already. laura: this is a source who reportedly was close to president putin and provided invaluable information about the hacking of the 2016 election. evan: absolutely. you see at a high level how important our foreign sources arfor our intelligence
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services, for intelligence services in the united kingdom. the free world depends on in their intelligence gatheringn foreigners inside other governments, hostile gornments, who are aligned with us and with us in our fight for democracy and for freedom around the world. so this is what was happening the. we have a lot to be grateful for with these asset but as we use their intelligence, and especially of our democracy like happenede in 2016, when decisions are made based on that information, it can reveal to the other govement that perhaps there a mole inside their ranks.an laura: rightwhat is a little tricky here is that it is threporting that it was president trump's handling of classified information which may have contributed to the decision to move the spy. what do you make of that?
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evan: i think that had to have been a part oft. i will say that i think another perhaps more significant drivero here is that in the united states, there is such a partisan battle between republicans and decrats, as our inlligence services were reporting to the country that we were under attackefore and during -- after the attack and during the attack, it was such a partisan fight about wh true or not. i think there was pressure on our intelligence community to offer more informatiut the source. andy so as td that, the source would have been more exposed. at the same time, we have a gpresident who was reveal classified information to the russian foreign minister in a meeting in the oval office aho the white. and that i am sure would havell given the inence services cause and reason to worry about the source. laura: evan mcmullin, thanks sng much for bith us. evan: thank you. laura: you are watching "bbc a world nerica."
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still to come on tonight's m,progow can be bogged play a role in battling climate change? weo to scotland to find out. the american adventuvar victor plisas become the first person to visit the deepest places in all five of earth's potions. his final dive was thethe bottom ofalloy trench. he had reached the floor of the pacifi of the indian, pacific, seven, and atlantic oceans. reporter: he has already comes a high-speed on seven continents. chnevius r the didn't -- deepest spot in five oceans. you have the right peopleand working with you can also anything is possible. reporter: the final leg put him deep inside the arcticircle.
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his submarine went down to a before.human has been to >> surface, is is the lf. the lf has landed. reporter: earlier this year he dived to the deepest spot on the planet, the mariana trench in the pacific ocean, nearly 11 kilometers down. a titanium court especially built to withstand huge pressures. the texan financier as plowed much of his own wealth and did the endeavor -- into the endeavor. >> it seemed a bit like being on the moon, but a wet it.rsion of there were small craters her and there, slight undulations. reporter: even at these incredible depth there was evidence of human activity. there was also evidence ofide is amazing marine animalsom,of
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them new species. >> well then, team. -- well done, team. reporter:ur uisgly, having explored some of the most inaccessible places on it, he is now tting sights on the next frontier, space. laura: the u.k. parliament fell silentod, suspended for five weeks after chaotic scenes last night. opposition mps h accusing the prime minister of silencing democracy. today boris johnson chaired a meeting of t cabinet to talk about his options on brexit, whh have narrowed considerably in the last week. our political editor laura kuenssberg reports. mlaura k.: the cae as it always has been. black suits and laceorn in the
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ual way. >> desire the presence of this honorable house.: laura t then there is nothing, genuinely nothing, eve quke this. opposition mps' fury that the prime minist has closed parliament early. even scuffling to keep the speaker in his chair. a symbol of their desire to keep inparliament opene these final weeks. >> this is not, however, a normal -- it is not typical. it is not standard. and it represents an active executive fiat. laura k.: "shame on you," opsition mps shout at conservatives. the commons is not so much divided, it is broken into jagged bits. after those moments ofem paium, at nearly half past 1:00 in the morning, song broke out on the benches. the socialist anthem "the red flag."
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scots, but not to be outdone, a welsh chorus. tojust what were mps tryin prove? >> this was the shutdown of our dea cracy. la: parliament descended into chaos. don't you worry about the impression- >> with great respect, parliament did not descend into chaos. passionate views on all sides. we have a government that is nttreating our democracy with contempt. prime min. johnson: well, now i am running the country. laura k.: not exactly. boris johnson might be in charge in theory, and spent the day talking about his plans for schools. even if he is trying to pretend it is happening, the commons did not give him the election he wants. >> who can give us information about william, duke normandy? ime min. johnson: he conquered england. >> but why did he think he -- how did he have a claim to the
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throne of england? prime min. johnson: uh -- >> do you want someone to help you? laura k.: he has lost control of parliament. he cannot brush at all. prime min. johnson: anybody who says -- this stuff about it being anti-democratic, what a load of nonsense. people wanted a deiclear that if moment, they wanted an election, we offered it to the lor opposition. mysteriously, they decided not t to go for it. laura k.: parliament seed in ashockut what happened in the early hours. the idea that both sides could have respect for the other almost stripped away. the doors are closed, though. mps are away for weeks with an uncertain return. the prime minister determined to halloween, whatever conventionf whe has to flout. but opponents raged against him who will push the boundaries right back. that squeezes the prime minister's options, leaving more
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risky controversy, or pull off o miracle and find a deal. from cabinet ministers to the dup, there is a whiff of hope about an agreement. t not so fast if you think they would accept wholesale different arrangements. >> i think people need to calm down and realize that the prime minister is trying to get a deal, but not on the basis of that has been talked about by some. laura k.: yet for the prime ministersdv aor, who revels in controversy, and number 10, it is boris johnson's brexit soon or it might be best. -- bust. laura kuenssberg, bbc news, westminster. weeks we have traveled the world looking at ways to combat climate change. anyomeport rnds early
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warning systems and water management. one way of achieving this is by conserving at bogs which luckily 2 million tons of carbon dioxe every year. from glasgow, victoria gill rerts. victoria: towering signs of renewable energy. scotland's wind turbines in the first half of thisro yearced enough energy to power all the country's homes. but in a low-carbon future, it is the ground beneath, acres of peat landy that a vital and overlooked resource. these squishy layers under my sofeet that aruperefficient at storing carbon is precisely becaus this bog stays as it dies does not try outtatin and decompose. all the curren carbon is locked away in the ground. but astonishingly it is 20 times
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as much carbon in all the uk's forest is held in peat lands. 80% of the u.k.'s peat lands are not in a healthy state. victoria: these disasters peatland fires in sutherland in may of this year earned and leed carbon--burned and released carbon that had beenri stored for cen. can remove their ability to lock carbon away. >>xi we want to ze their capacity to store more carbon. if there is not conflicting pressure that is more important, you want to return these sites to is good quality as possib. victoria: that is why conservation organiz are restoring peat bogs not only on their own rerves, but, adjacent farmla. >> the watercourse was previously draining and erod ing the peat on the bog.
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the water is spread out to this previously dry area, and you can see it is deep peat, deep peat with mos growings in it. it is nice and wet. it is now aequallystering carbon from the atmosphere. e it is an actat bog. victoria: asor the world to keep carbon out of the atmosphere, these landscapes uld play a key role in storing greenhouseri gas undergrou. victoria gill, bbc news. laura: how peat bogs that help us save the planet. mbre, you can find all the day's news on our website. i'm laura trevelyan. thank you so much for "bbc world news america." announcer: funding for this presentation is made possible by... the freeman foundation; by judy and peter blum-kovler foundation, pursuiic solutions for ams neglected needs;
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight: tumult at the top. national security advisor john bolton is out after clashing with the president, the third person to leave thatat critical post in t trump administration. then, back in session. just weeks before the utvernment runsf money, congress returns to washington, and the debates over guns and impeachment are as fierce as ever. plus, rats to the rescue. many cambodians live in constant danger of long-buried landminese but now, sally-trained rodents are sniffing out theng explosives. >> rats have a number of adntages compared to human

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