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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  September 12, 2019 2:30pm-3:00pm PDT

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woman: this is "bbc world news america." is made possy... the freeman foundation; by jd peter blum-kovler foundation, pursuing solutions fd america's negleceds; and byibutions to this pbs station thank you. jane: this is "bbc world news america." reporting om washington, i'm jane o'brien.
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no safe haven in syria even for the weakest. the u.n. accuses the gover tent geting hospitals in rebel-held areas. >> this was a hospital until a few months ago. it is one of 40 that have been attacked since april of this year. jane: the top 10 democratic candidates go head-to-head in houston. with the gloves come off as the front runners take the stage together for the first time? and one step closer toen impeacproceedings as lawmakers set up the rules for an investigation intprthe esident. jane: for those watching on pbs and around the globe, welcome to "world news america." ctors in syria that hospitals in rebel-held areas are being deliberately targeted by
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airstrikes by the gorian rnment, evenhough that is a war crime. the move is the latest atrocity in a conflict that began more than eight years ago and left hundreds of thousands of people dead. our middle east correspondent quentin sommerville and and cameraman have traveled to idlib, where opposition fighters, islamist extremists, and civilians are largely surrounded by government forces. here is their report. quentin: the sick, theed, the needy. there's little space left for them in idlib. this doctor treats more than 1000 patients a day th just a tiny staff. s >> there is a large number of patients, and just a few doctors, specialists.e that is, have three or four, just. quentin: the current cease-fire came too late for amal.ho her name means," something fast diminishing in idlib.
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>> she lost her father, herd mother, other in one year. she just has a sister, also injured in the last attack. unfortunately, she needs many operations and skin . it is a very sad story. quentin: life is collapsing here. "why is this happeng she whispers. 3.5 million people in the province wonder the same. the world isn't listening. doctor, do you have any doubts that the rime in russia are targeting specifically hospital and medicilities? >> never. i am sure that russian force and assad regime attack many times hospitals and health facilities.
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it is a fact like son, like -- like sun, like moon. pimany hls destroyed. still destroyed to now. quentin: syria's war is reaching new depths in idlib. this was a hospital. until russia and the regime took it out. appear to have been specifically targeted. ein fields or hillsides, onslaught found them. nearby buildings remain untouched. the unitedations passed on a record of their coordinates to russia to ensure their protection. instead, it became a target hit list, as the same places were hit again and again. russia and the regime's campaign has been horribly effective.
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it is terrifying. all of these towns and villages abandoned, because this is a war opainst what matters to pe -- their homes, theischools, and their hospitals. this was a hospital until a few months ago. it is one of 40 thatave been attacked since april this year. it is causing people to flee in e tens of thousands. this is the last refuge of thosp whse the government, which brought the country to ruin. how can you still in these direa strait over coordinates to russia which are shared with the regime which will involve more targeting when the cease-fire ends? >> so the coordinates is a quentin: it isn't preventing attacks on hospitals. >> at the same time were further strengthening quentin: 40 hospitals have been attacked in the last few months.
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>> and many more schools have been attacked. and many water points have received direct hits. quentin: so the system is broken. >> so the system of preventing -- protecting the civilians has completely failed. as humanitarian workeron't think we can be blamed for that. as humanitarian workers we pride life-saving assistance, and we really ask everybody with this clinician, make sure this is respeg,ed. if anythhare the coordinates should bring more awareness, more also accountability. quentin: that gives little assurance on the ground. life here is filled with peril. going to work is an act of courage. medical staff say they have a target on their backs. he takes care when he goes to a hospital. his hospital is deep out of reach the bombs. we were told to move fast, too.
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even und this solid rock, they await the next attack. the u.n. says humanitansan operatiore about to reach breaking point. air strikes are not the only way. if regime ground forces advance a few kilometers, here will be abandoned, too. people continue to race to the border. we headed south deep into idli salvation government.leyled the men who ere are deemed terrorists by the west, but thescamps are full of famili and innocents. the assad regime does not there is no on that attacking civilians, hospitals, schools is a war cme. do you think anybody will ever face justice? >> i don't think. nobody care. i hope i can see jusce in syrian people.yone wh
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but i don't think i will see it in my life, at least. quentin: they have known only this war. it is r from over, but already the living, e dead, the injured have been forgotten here. quentin sommerville, bbc news, idlib. jane: the latest atrocy in syria. here in the u.s., we have reached the moment many have. been waiting f finally the top 10 democratic presidential candidates are on one stage for a primetime debate. all eyes will be at the center, where former vice president joea biden and r elizabeth warr will be standing. but others like bernie sanders, kamala harris, pete buttigieg, inand beto o'rourke are loto make their mark. for more on what to expect, we cross to the bbc's laura trevelyan, who is at the debate site.
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it is clearly a populavenue judging by the lines behind you. what are people hoping to find out tonight? laura: jane, for democrats lining up who i have been eyeaking to, the question have is who is better to beat donald trump. that is the overriding priority. the second question people e ve is how is namic going to playth out tonight between joe center stage, flanked by his closestival elizabeth warren and bernie sanders. it is the interplay between joe and the point that everyone is looking at, because she has -- joe biden and elizabeth warren that everyone is looking at. laher latestunveiled this morning is to give americans more money in retirement h. taxing the r joe biden's aides indicatedngt will be sa that it is well to have a plan but can you get yit through congress and have the experience to make it work. that is the dynamic onstage. one thing to remember, elizabeth
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warren was a champion debater in high school. jane: good r her. there is also a generational divide forming. where does this leave the youngest, for the top three r candidates -- let's put it ths way, a bit elderly? laura: ieed. the old guard has it currently. quthtion for the younger generation of democrats is they have this airtime tonight. one of they going to dwith it? senator kamala harris, who made the most promising start of the younger generation, who had a great first debate and then stumbled in the second, will she do wel tonight? this debate is being held at texas southern university, a historically black college. senator harris went to howard, another veryus prestigiolack college. she may have a crowd on her site tonight. you have a question for the two texans, beto o'rourke and julian castro. throughbreak
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stand on gun control after the mass shootinghe in el paso? will do something oan says he presidential candidate has ever done on the stage. a lot to watch, fne. jane: can't wait. walaura trevelyan, thank you for joining us. a brief time ago i spoke to former democratic senator heidi haheitkamp, who is in houston. thank you for joininreme. you had tation for being a centrist. are you concerned that these tes are pulling the par too far to the left? ms. heitkamp, you know, i'm not, because there are people on the stage will represent policies that are in what i believe is lithe main of democratic cs and american politics. amy klobuchar is on the stage, joe biden is on the stage. ere will be people with a whole range ofwh ideas, but what is going to emerge as the prime
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idea and the prime motivator for people is this idea that there are many people in our country who are being leftehind, and the democratic party is going to do everything within their powe using every idea that w have to fix inequality and to that econom opportunity is available to everyone in this country. jane: joe is the current what does he need to do to stay in the lead, and can he maintained that? the last two debates he didn't do very well. ms. heitkamp: but it didn't really hurt him. he didn't do well, but it didn't hurt him. when you look at his front-runner status. i think the most important thing for the vice president is to do no harm. we used to say that about oral t arguments supreme court, tso no-- do no harm. that is his task tonight, to present himself as somebody who could stand toe testoe with the ent of the uted states
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on it of a stage in a campaign and be competitive. but mainly i think what you are going to see tonight is people on the wings of the stage fighting for that last bit of attention that they are going to need to, numberfune, keep their raising of and keep the public attention, so they can be a viable alternative to what we now know e the three top people -- biden, sandersand elizabeth warren. ja: but how do they do that without turning this into a slugfest? ms. heitkamp: i don't think -- i think that one of the things that we learned from some of the earlier debates is if you take a pot shot, you may get a little bump tomorro but long-term it is not a good strategy. the democratic party wants to stay unied. i want this to be about ideas, they wanted -- theythis to be about ideas, they want it to be about who can be the person eatotrump.
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i call these debates casting calls. were down to 10 people with the public will look at andd say "i think andrew yang might have interesting ideas, i e nt to hear mout him. i think amy klobuchar mak, a lot of senwant to hear more from her." they will get an opportunity to support these candi and keep as many into the mix as possible. personality that jut, andaving a that doesn't necessarily mean being aggressive or being mean or in any way taking anyone else on. jane: senator heitkamp, thank you very much would joining . a look at the day's other news. the family of robert mugabe appeared to have won a battle with zimbabwe's government over where and when the former president should be very. current president onorts that mnangagwa has agreed that mugabe's family's wishes should be respected. his body is currently lying in tbstate in a fl stadium in the capital, harare.
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esident trump has announced that the u.s. will delight a planet terror fight on $250 billion worth of chinese goods aswi a gesture of go. it comes after beijing scrapped some u.s.fs tar. you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight's program, fleeing conflict home. african migrants from cameroon are making their way through centraamerica on a risky path. in the middle of a heavy newsday and the hectic pace of modern life, heres a calming acted out. he is a doctor in the philippines, but in his spare time to relax, he is a free diver, an extreme sport where people go underwater without breathing equipment. order-- hold your breath,
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or don't, because here is his story. >> i dive with my eyes closed all the time. mentally you suld forget everything. you justr focus ynd on the dive itself and noing more. sei was born and rin manila. i work doctor in the city. but lifestyle there is fast-paced and very toxic. i have to go away and find somewherefu pea of course there is the sre factor. deeper you go, the more dangerous it is. sometimes i'm thinking if i uld survive, or will i surface again. i specialize in ear, nostril,
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head, and neck surgery. hei understand organs, how they work, so i can push myself further. when you emerge, it's like you are born again having the first breath of life, it is very addictive. it is like a mind game. life-changing experience. jane: arehe democrats moving closer to impeachment proceedings against president trump are notor -ot? that was the question many were left asking today after the house judiciary committee voted to set formal rules to committee chairman jerry nadler
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said the scope of the inquiry potential violations including obstruction of justice. but he stressed it doesn't matter what you call it. engaged in an inveion thate is will aow us to determine whether to recommend articles of impeachment with respect to president trump. some call this pron doing. impeachment inquiry. some call it an impeachment investigation. there is no legal difference between these terms, and i no longer care to argue about the nomelature. jane: for more on where this processoes next, i spoke with constitutional law professor jonathan turley. it doesn't matter what you call it, t they are calling it a impeachment in some way, shape, or form. what are they hoping to gain from it? nathan: another way to call it, politics. many people believe this is not an impeachment inquiry or an investigation, but pure politics.ur it lacks ancy, it lacks a focus, and is increasingly
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lacking credibility. they say they are going to e vestigate the prident in terms of moneye has received at his resorts and obstruction. just an array of different allegations. at this point they are running out of runway to take anof impe thmenthe ground. i was the last lead counsel in an impeachment trial and i can tell you, it takes a long time t just to hand trial all the way through the senate. they don't have it. today, speak pelosi gave a press conference that was rather bizarre, where reporters pressed her on is this beginning of impeachment, and she virtually faked her death to try to getss out of the ponference. jane: so could there be a backlash, because we he democratic debates going on tonight and they will be talking about the economy. is there a danger that themo ats in congress are going to shoot themselves in their own foot over this? anathan: i thk there real danger. a little over 40% of the american people want to see
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impeachment, but about 50% do he democrats are trying to play both sides, and neither is particularly happy. many of these democratic voters believe that they brought the democrats into powern the house in part to pursue impeachment. if that is the case, this vote those voters are bg much more vocal. nancy pelosi has been really shaken outside of washington when people have vented with her and said, where is the impeachment. e is danger presumably that trump could come out of this better, as bill clinton did. jonathan: that is the calculus that clearly pelosi is making. losi does not want to se impeachment because she knows she will lose. they don't have the votes, but more importantly, they don't yet really have a comlling some of thgs they are investigating are only marginally relevant to the impeachment standard.
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other thgs like obstruction have opposing views. the mueller report helped trum in many respects. so pelosi does not want to take the shot and it isy clear that they would miss. on the other hand, voters are saying what does it theyired of this entire administration, they are hetired of the tweets, and is a cathartic aspect of this for democratic voters. jane: jonathan turley, as yoer, than jonathan: thank you, jane. ja: when we hear stories of migrants from africa trying to escape war and poverty, we usually think of the route across the mediterranean into europe. but an increasing number arere now seeking refuge in the u.s. and canada using an equally dangerous path through central america. since january, 3,500 africans have made the crossing, many from cameroon. most of their journey -- most start their journey by flying to ecuador or brazil. the most dangerous part of their
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journey a trek through the jungle on the border between colombia and panama. thbbc has been there.. reporter: african migrts somewhere you wouldn't expect t thbe, trekking through a colombian jungle on their way to the u.s. it is dangerous here. they will face deep and st flowing rivers, armed bandits, wild animals. despite the risk, some parents have come with their children. most of the people we meet are from cameroon, where an insurgency has displaced half ae million pe >> i have no regrets because i hope i will reach where i will not be pursued, not be persecuted by the army for unjust cause i don't want to stay back home and die. reporter: this is st the
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beginning of our journey, but most of the people here areru already ling. some of the women can barely make it up the hill. this group is going to have to water, tents, and food. but it will barely be enough to sustain them. after a week of hard trekking,g, they arrive at this camp in panama. they are tired and traumatized. some of those they traveled with died on the y. >> there were also people who were walking. they did not know how to climb the mountains. they didn't have enough strength. some of them fell and knocked their heads on rocks and died. there are a lot of corpses. reporter: three generations of her family are on this journey. her grandson, two ughters, and she barely made itf the jungle after nearly drowning twice.
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>> i saw myself dying.s i despair. i was only waiting for god to save me, because i knew was dying. i had lost hope. i would never advise a to follow this path. never. it is risking one's life. reporter: it is not just africans here. there are also pakistanis,in ans, haitians, and cubans. theshows how globa migration crisis has become. u.s. officials are now worried that more people will trouto use a rote village in colombia, evidence of how dangerous this journey is.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> nawaz: good evening. i'm amna nawaz. judy woodruff is away. on the newshour tonight: ten take the stage. ntat to look for, as the democratic presil hopefuls face off again in tonight's debate. then, on the front lines. the former leader of u.s. central command on the state of america's military conflicts overseas. plus, the pinch of the trade war. how the lobster industry is feeling the heat as chinese tariffs come to maine. >> our rural communities along the coast are dependent upon this fishery. that's what is potentially very scary for us, is thinking about this long-term. >> nawaz: all that and more, on tonight's pbs newshour.


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