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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  March 18, 2020 2:30pm-3:00pm PDT

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♪ narrator: fundong for presentati of this program is provided by... in a new language like spanish, french, german, italian and more. babbel's 10 to 15 minute lessons are available as an app or online. more information on, babbel.com. the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundati; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you.
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laura: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from nework, i am laura trevelyan. america rampsco up the sponsor ronavirus. president trump closes the border with canada and invokes the wartime law to provide equipment. pres. trp: i think we will do it faster than we thought and it will be a complete victory. laura: wall street plunges a the dow briefly falls below the level it was at ume president took office. the death toll continues to climb in europe, as the elderly in spain find ulemselves partly at risk. >> ♪ dum dum dum laura: comfort online.musical how virtual choirs are helping
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people sing away tse containment blues. laa: for all of you watching on pbsnd around the globe, welcome to "world news america." here in new york, the city is a ght town. the coronavirus crisis has closed stores, kept people at him, and sent the stock market spiraling down. idprt trump invoking the defense production act so vital medical supplies can be made. the u.s. senate passed a $100 billion aidackage, one part of the stimulus plan administration is working on. new york city, which likes to boast it never sleeps, is now in suspendednimation the lives people led a week ago are unrecognizable. bars and restauran are closed, so bite ride--subwa ridership transport officials are asking
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for a bailout. shesent company's sending military hospitas to new york's harbor and the west coast. the administration has closed thu.s. border with canada. the president faced criticism for downplaying the threat of the coronavirus initially. and he says he is firmly at the helm. prestrump: i view it as -- dennis as a rtime president. that is what we are fighting. it is a tough situation. yohave to do things, you have tolose parts of an economy that six wee ago were the best they've ever been. t we had the bonomy we have ever had. laura: the number of coronavirus cases worldwide s topped 200,000. that figure has doubled in two weeks. in beleaguered italy, the virus has infected more t.n 31,000 peop in the u.s., the number of cases is over 7000. atio the trump administr scrambles to put together eight stimulus package of $1 trillion
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to help america's ailing economy, including direct payments to americans, wall street was in freefall. trading was temporarily halted yet again as a key index fell more than 7%. as the virus wreaks havoc in america, the presint was asked why he keeps calling it the chinese virus. >> a lot of people say it is prump: it is not racist at racist. all, no. it comes from china, that's why. laura: as hospitals across america brace for an influx of patients and fears grow about shortages of ventilators and a law from the error of the korean warea to in production of a vital supplies in case needed. ther are more and more drive-through testing facilities for the coronavirus, like this one in long island. as the u.s. starts testing people more widely, the number of cases wl only increase. as we have been reporting, doctors are waing that hospitals are running dangerously low on equipment,
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and the red cross told the bbc there has been shortage of ludlo blood donations. omar lateef is the ceo ofce rush medicaer in chicago and he joined me a short time ago. is your hospital have all the ventilors and masks you are going to need? dr. lateef:hais a tough question. in terms of readiness our institution is as i prepared can be, but the numbers are staggering, and we have seen growth around the rest of the world, that there is a cut poin where theret enough supplies to take care of the increasing volume today we have a relativy full hospital. have some open beds and all the equipment need. but in the future that may change, as it is changing all laura: are you beginning to see more coronavirus cases in chicago as the testing ramps dr. lateef: yes, w welare seeing more overtime with and without the testing.
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the reason for an answer like that is as the testing ramps up, we will capture more positives, because there are more people positive in the city of cbecago that hav tested. we know that with time, without adequate containment, our volumes will dramatically increase. we are growing for two reasons. one is the testing. two is the continuous spreading growth. laura:k do you the containment measures are tough enough? dr. lateef: i think that as a physician, the containment measures can neverug be enough. there is obviously able to o t other concert the city and government has to take into consideration. from a medical perspectivepu if yothe entire world and each individual in a bubble for a couple ofou weeks, we see a profound decrease or eradica tionf this virus. personally we would advocate that mitigation efforts much more seriously. laura: when do you t ank we will se spike in cases?
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in two weeks, three weeks? dr. lateef: mathematically that is a hard question to answer, virtually impossible. the world health organization says we can still change the course in the direction of spre by aggressive containment and mitigation. right now we are on the way up. how can you predict a spike if s are actually increasin they will increase until the impact of thcomitigation and ainment techniques put in place are felt. people can predict around 15 w dald be a good time to reassess, because that is a link of time the book -- length of time the virus can live in your body. if you adequately mitigate and contain this can we should know more in two weeks. laura: how are your doctors and nurses coping with the virus? they are on the front line. dr. lateef: everybody goes in this field to take care of people, and in a way they are all heroic.
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y,in a direct they come to takeatients. they are all patntacing and across six feet from people to gecare. this is incredibly stressful time for health care all over i can just say tha they are coping because they have to. that is why people go into this field. we are seeing that locally as well as hospitals in our system and across chitogo are banding ther and sharing resources and working in lockstep to try to figure out how to support one another and take care of as many patients they can. laura: dr. omar lateef, thank you for joining us, and good luck to you and your staff. stocks on wall street dived again on wednesday. the dow sang from the start. by the close, it had given by 1300 points, or that isws off is f the the selloff comes despite the trump administration pushi for a $1
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trillion stimulus package. night the senate approved a bill providing sick leave and free coronavirus testing. spearlier e with jason furman, former chairman of the council of economic esvisers under ent obama. he is now a professor at the harvard kennedy school. the sixth-leave-- sick-leave bill, isrthat a s jason: that is a start. it includes important things like testing you mentioned paid leav it is hard to set up and they will have to do a lot to make it work. includes more money for states to cover some of their expenses. what think is most encouraging is how strong the bipartin vote was in house, how strong the bipartisan vote was in the senate. i expect the president to sign it very quickly. so it showed a certain and we will need a lot more of that in the days, weeks, and months to come. laura: 11 advocating direct cash
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payments to americans. the administration is looking at this idea vou have been ting. how much do americans need, and when? jason: a lot, and soon. worked on the response to the last financial crisis, and it is difficult to set up brand new complicated programs in the best of times. were not in the best of times right now. what i think we should do is something simple, something we have done before, which is give checks to people. a lot of people are going to be hurting for a lot of different reasons. this would provide broad-based relief. they could have the money relatively soon. i'm heartened that there has been growing support for it, but there is also a lot of other ideas floating around out there. so we will see what happens in the coming days. laura:le how many pen america could lose their jobs as the economy frees up? jason: no oneno.
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the treasury secretary reportedly talked about 20% if action wasn't taking-- taken. it also depends on how long it lasts. some businesses will pay people for a month, but they want be able to afford to pay them for two months--they will not be able to afford to pay them for twos, months, three monive months. we can see the sharpest rise of unemployment, the largest scale of immediateevayoffs we have seen. i think that is a real possibility here. laura: airlines are calling for a bailout. should they get what they are asking for? jason: i think airlines have a massive liquidity probl, and i think the government should lend them money. it should lend the money against some form ofte coll, and it eventually the airlines need to through a bankruptcy process,ey ould do that in an orderly fashion, not in the midst of all of this. that is something they have been before, and it is a process that
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shareholders, their debtholders, and others. for now, lend them money. don't just give them a gift. laura: as a veteran of the last financial crisis, how does this one feel to you? jason: this feel terrible. in the last crisis, most people kept their jobs, many people maintained their csumption. in this one, everyone is cutting back theironsumption. in the last one we were doing everything we could to restart the economy. here, the most important thing the government can do stop the inonomy, and it should be that. it needs to do that for the sake of health, and that means the economic efforts we arakg to provide relief for families and put yonself in a posit to restart the economy all the harder. i think this is a perilous moment. it will take a lot of cooperation, bipartisan in the united states, global cooperation,nd a really
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ambitious economic response will be needed. laura: jason furman, thanks for being with us. jason: thanks for having me. laura: in spain, the outbreak is mreading rapidly despite severe limits on personement and public gatherings. there are nearly 14,000 confirmed cases, a sharp increase from only 24 hours ago. as our europe correspondent damian grammaticas reports, the virus has begun spreading through old people's homes. damian: inside this madrid care home, a 120 elderly, frail residents, and also now the virus. insust the last week it ha taken a terrible toll. every day, hearses called each time another resident has succumbed. from his home across the street, miguel says he has watched them come and go, 17 of them now. >> some my window i have seen
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them. they put their body bags io ide and they the crematorium. they are ting to avoid any risk of intimidation. damian: so the care home has been sealed off, relatives not allowed inside, even as parents or grandparents have been dying. swhat i happening now in spain is the scenario manyvi fear, 19 spreadingmongst the most vulnerable. we watched as carlos tried to get in to see his mother. last heeard she had no symptoms. 89 years old, celebrating in a home last christm. "i couldn't get inside," he "i don't know what is going on in i just want--going on in their. i just want news about my mother." volunteers at thcare home say for the staff tryi fightsistance the virus here. >> we are worried because no one has come to sanitize this place. damian: in surrounding streets,
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people are hunkered down in what is now a nationwide confinement. this is what you find all across spain, people shuttered inside the houses, communities that have fallen silent because everyone is acutely cscious of the ngers posed by the virus and on venturing out as obsolete as. --absolutely necessary. spainas impose these measures l weekend, given the virus's incubation period be up to two weeks, cases rise fast. other 2,500 confirmed today. police are enfdocing the lock more vigorously. handing out fines to people who were outside without a val it all means a strange quiet has fallen over the spanish capital. a city stilled by the outbreak here. the informatics---damian
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grammaticas, bbc news, madrid. laura: so much sadness in madrid. in other news, in germany chancellor angela merkel has given an unprecedenteds.elevised addr she says that pandemic is the country's greatest e allenges sincthe second world war, and the number of love was lost will depend on how strictly people follow rules. t queues have bu in germany and hungary could the 21st-century bloc imposed a ban to keep the spread of the coronavirus. detroit's major carmakers find a temporarylose all u.s. factories to prevent the spread of the disease. ford, gm, and fiat chrysler have faced intense pressure from ns who are concerned abo the safety of workers. rival honda had already announced a six-a halt in production in the u.s., canada, and mexico.
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away from virus news, bernie s'san's campaign team says he is assessing his next steps after suffering defeats to joe biden in the race to be the democratic presidential nominee. biden won all three of the contest in florida, illinois, and arizona.g you are watchbc world news america." still to come on tonight's program, the effect of the coronavirus on the vulnerable. we look at h america's homeless population is faring in the crisis. >> what happens if your momts projou?-0- rejects you? >> that going to hite hard. >> have honked my family without really knowing it-- harmed my family without really knowing it?
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th was my thought. >> whatre little black girls gog to think of you for protecting white supremacists? >> like drinking out of the river because it is all dirty now. >> "our world" is a unique series of films on the bbc, offering unique insights into global events. >> i believe in this place. >> i'm very happy. >> "our world," stories that speak for themselves. >> i've been covering hong kong since 2006, and protests are nothing new there. but the attitude in that city has changed dramatically. >> attempts by the authorities to prevent as much from taking place have failed pretty >> as the story has unfolded, the amount of equipment we have taken with us has become less and less, because you have got
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to be able to move fast, and you do have to be on your feet at all times. it can be quite dangerous. >>very week it seems to get worse. >> one day i was movinn in a directioere i thought we could cross the police line, and whack, h what must'veit me was a rubber bullet. >> it is hard to see how this is going to be resolved >> in a situatiolike this, you haveo be levelheaded. we observe and we report as fair as we can. laura: as millions of americans take refuge at home during the coronavirus crisis, hundreds of thousandsme of ss people are struggling. they are a greater risk of contracting the virus because of their exposure to the elements, and the very charities ands public facilite homeless depend on our finding it really
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hard to stay open. barbara plett-usher reports from the nation's capital. barbara: this is the largest shelter in washington, d.c., and i'm here because i'm asking the question we are told to stay home if we feel sick, but what happens if you don't have a home? there are a lot of people on the street in d.c., and they have to work hard to stay clean in the best of times. mothat is getting important with the disease, but also more difficult with public facilities shutting down. >> we are a catch community. -- tent community. barbara: leon has been living rough downtown for nearly two years. able to get soap and water to >> i just did the other day. i used to the restaurant by the vietnam wallft, e lincoln memorial. lately i've been trying to -- they have littleigns that say 20 seconds and all that, so i've been trying to do it. barbara:d you fere are less places to go now? >>h, ysure. thank god it's spring.
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barbara: they are trying to do what they can at churches that feed the homeless. --places that feed the homeless. churches have closed their doors, but some have moved meals outside. adthey haveo cuhours and services. >> i'm very concerned for our guests. i think they are going to be disproportionately impacted by this virus. many of ourve guests hronic health conditions that make it even more not possib they will get the virus, but if they getbe it, it couleadly. barbara: it is a scary new world for everyone, but e homeless are particularly vulnerable. being told to stock up food and isolate ourselves for weeks at a time, but they not only have no home to go to, they live meal to meal. this situation is challenging for big shoulders. normally they close during the day. now they are staying open for 24 hours. they are taking steps to disinfect things as much as possible and are doing a certain amount of screening of people as they come in. in one shelter, they are taking
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people's temperatures for the but they are not set up to do with pandemics, and doctors have en working hard to prevent the disease from taking hold. >> most of the shelters here are dorm-style shelters, where you could have as many a 50 bunkbeds in a room. from the very beginning we have been stressing theinmportance of ction control, and trying to prevent any kind of spread nbetw folks. i think there are efforts being made to space beds furthert, apaving people sleep head to toe. barbara: i am told that no homeless people in d.c. have tested positive for the coronavirus, although only a handful of them have been tested. the city is looking for places to quarantine any of those who doth come down wit disease, but it is a stressful time and no one knows what to expect. barbarash plett, bbc news, washington. laura: from the streets of washington can we turn to the corners of the internet that are trying to cheer us up. inhis era of social
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distancing, many people are going online to find a community. take the sofa singers, an online choir with some 500 vocalists. our arts correspondent david sillito logon to hear tsa first rehear david: ok, great as see you all joining us. david: meethe sofa singers. >> 1, 2, 3 -- david: an online musical solution to corona isolation. >> ♪ da da dum, dum da da dum, dum ♪ d:da across the uk's a europe, america, andic a a global chorus. this is just a fraction. page after page, there are 500 sofa singers all at home, all in isolation, all singing together. >> ♪ so darling, darling >> i have been from ear to ear. >>wa ia thing of beauty.
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david: as someone who can't sing, i love it even though itfe fills me wit. the inspiration for the online collectivehoir, the balcony singers of italy. ♪ >> we saw in italy tse kin of spontaneous singing in the streets and music making. someone just messagee saying, "james, you run singing but your choirs h sepped. anything you can do online?" 72 hours later i was there online with 0 people. ♪ the way you are the wayou are ♪ >> we were all waiting our hands and clapping and singing along. just the joy of that, it made me super happy. david:o we might not be able to be together, but we can still ng together. david sillito, bbc news.
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>> fantastic, everybody. laura: very cheering. let's recap our top stories before we go. president trump has invoked a measure dating to the korean war to ramp up production of equipment. he also ut down the border with canada. on wall street, stocks dropped today. an automatic trigger came into effect to halt trading for the fourth time this month. the u.s. senate passed $100 billion aid package that includes paid sick leave and free coronavirusrt testing as of a broader stimulus plan that could end up totaling a trillion dollars. in italy, the number of infections and fatalities continues to spike. 2900 deaths have been reported, putting the country behind only china in terms of lives lost. i'm laura trevelyan. thank you for watching "bbc world news america." have a safe. eve
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presentation of this program is pvided by.. pn: babbel, an onlinerogram developed by language specialists teaching spanish, french, and more. the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solneions for america'ected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. ♪ ♪ ♪
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mr. rogers: ♪ it's a beautiful girl: we are the curious.♪ ♪ woman 1: wow! man 1: the adventurous. man 2: oh! daniel tiger: grrr! woman 2: those venturing out for the first time. all: blast off! [rocket explosion] man 3: a those who have never lost our sense of wonder. man 4: whoa! g man 5: are you seeinthis? ♪ua [qcking] vo: we are the hungry. cookie monster: cookie! man 6: the strong. hammad ali: i must be t! ♪ vo: the joyful. bob ross: a happy little cloud. man 3: we e there always more we can uncover. girl: more we can explore. e. woman 3: we be.. man 6: ...in the capacity for goodness. vo: and the potential for greatns. ♪ man 7:he torch has been passed to a new generation of amerans. man 1: pbs. man 3: pbs. girl: pbs. ♪
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruf on the newshour tonight: the u.s. hunkers dto fightnemy. the spread of cod-19, closing the border to canada, as lawmakers move to provide nancial relief while the economic fallout worsens. then, the coming crisis. the u.s. medical community braces for the worst case scenario: a cascade of patients and a shortage of ho beds. plus: ♪ ♪om songs ofrt. on the healing power of music in a time of global fear. >> a virus is something that

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