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tv   BBC World News  PBS  August 27, 2010 12:30am-1:00am PDT

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>> "bbc world news" is presented by kcet, los angeles. funding for this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. the john d. and catherine t. macarthur foundation. and union bank. >> union bank has put its global financial strength to work for a wide range of companies. what can we do for you?
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>> pictures of the 33 chilean miners trapped below ground. jimmy carter secures the release of a u.s. citizen sentenced to eight years' hard labor. the company' has a notorious electricity network. pains to create the biggest hydropower dam. welcome to bbc news, broadcasting in the u.k. and around the world. chile and television has aired
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video footage of the 33 miners trapped below ground. it shows them in good spirits. they are expected to spend several more weeks before they can be rescued. we have been looking at the video. >> striking new television videos have just been released of the minors. they show them heavily-bearded, bare chested, singing the national anthem. the only pictures we have seen before this have been grainy images looking into the camera. apparently, there are 45 minutes of these images, most of which have to be released to the media. it is the clearest indication we have so far. >> families are surprised about the good spirits, and we have had a report that answers the
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questions. >> this will give some confirmation of what they have been saying all along. from what they know, the miners are entered spirits. i was struck that they were standing there. they looked defiant, but they look physically in remarkably good shape. >> we have heard news one of the families is planning to sue the government and the mining company. can you tell us more about that? >> it started with one family trying to sue the company. over 20 families have joined together to sue not just the mining company, whom they accused of negligence in failing to apply to save the procedures, but also the state's back to 2007 when the mine closed because it was seen as -- this dates back to 2007 when the mine was closed because it was seen as a liability.
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the mine owners said they have complied to save the regulations. they have done nothing wrong. -- to safety regulations. they have done nothing wrong. >> have there been any reports from the government regarding this? >> the government says it will investigate what happened and punish anyone found guilty of wrongdoing. the important thing has been to get the miners out alive before any legal procedures go ahead. >> there are concerns that jimmy carter has secured the release from north korean of an american citizen being detained for entering the country illegally. former president carter has spent three days trying to secure the release.
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they have just left north what more do you know? -- they have left north korea. what more do you know? >> north korea says it has decided to release him because of what they called their humanitarian policy. we know he has already left p'yongyang and is in route to boston in the united states, where he will be greeted by his family, who will be very relieved. this is the second time a former u.s. president has flown to north america to secure the release of american citizens, and there have been voices of
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criticism suggesting this is north korea playing at hostage diplomacy and that these kinds of visits play into its hands. >> we have had some indication north korea was talking about denuclearization of the capital. >> talks focused on denuclearizing the peninsula. they have not been taking place for more than a year, and although this was discussed by the u.s. government as a private and humanitarian trip, it does appear some sort of discussion has taken place. they are reporting the second most senior official has told
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mr. karcher the country is ready and is committed to denuclearizing the peninsula. >> thank you very much for that. many towns are being evacuated as rising flood water threatens people and the region. they were leaving their livestock on foot. the united nations as a place for million people the vital food rations. >> it is holding for now. this is the last line of defense for one of pakistan's main cities, home to about 2 million
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people of the flood waters keep moving, so does the airport. we join them. down below, the waters are closing in on more villages. over half a million people have been told to get out now. the crew signalled, offering aid or an airlift out. we climbed down carefully, but he refused to be taken from the waters. he is risking his life to stay near home. every few minutes, we find another group of people stranded, waiting for help.
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they are trying to drop as much as they can as fast as they can. these bags are waterproof, and they contain things like high energy biscuits that can be eaten now and do not have to be cooked. again and again, they beckoned for locals to evacuate, but people are bound to their land and their livestock and will live or die with them. further soft -- further south, new victims of the flood of weight in quiet desperation by the side of the road. his mother told us how she gave birth. there was no doctor, she said, and he developed a fever. where can i take him? my daughter is sick, soup.
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i am worried for them both -- my daughter is sick, too. i am worried for them both. the little food they have is running out fast, and water is still rising. a moment's rest. the crew expect to be flying relief missions for months to come. >> jonathan has announced a plan to redevelop nigeria's notoriously inefficient electricity network. it is attracting private companies to build new generators, using natural gas. >> everyday life in nigeria is punctuated by power cuts, sometimes for weeks or months.
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they cannot cope with the needs of africa's biggest population, so nigerians have learned to find their own sources of power with diesel generated, but millions cannot afford it, and the country's economic development is crippled by the power shortages. previous governments promise to take action but could not deliver. just four months after taking power, president jonathan has now pledged radical change. >> we need evolution, and while we suspect that, we are glad. >> even as the president spoke, the urgent need for action was underlined by the fact that the power came from private generators. nigeria has vast oil and gas reserves. the president's plan would see
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the power companies sold off. government agencies would then be encouraged to build new power stations, harvesting resources, but the costs would be prohibitive. potential investors may be put off by nigeria's unenviable reputation for corruption, but if such a transfer to -- transformation could be pulled off, benefits would be huge. the vibrant business culture would be able to compete globally, and they would not face such a daily struggle. >> the government has given of -- given a final go ahead with what would be the first hydroelectric dam. goorussel reports.
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>> they have lived in amazon river basin for generations, largely unknown by the outside world until now. the project would leave up to 50,000 indigenous people homeless. brazil's government says the dam will supply power to -- power to millions of homes and will create jobs. at the contract-signing ceremony, the president said he himself would criticize them until he learned more about it. >> you cannot imagine how many times i have spoken without knowing what it was about. >> it had to be halted three
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times before it loud a consortium to build more. -- it allowed a consortium to build more. almost 500 square kilometers of virgin rain forest would be flooded in the process. officials say those losing their homes would get compensation, but campaigners argued an important part of the amazon rain forest and a way of life would be lost forever. >> still ahead, it for the brunt of hurricane katrina. five years on, we return to the ninth word in new orleans, where the fight for recovery remains of concern. german invasion plans, and nobel prize winner, and links to james bond. they are all part of the paper
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from mi5 that will be released. the 1936 law said every german must render service for the fatherland -- fatherland in times of war. we have been looking into the secrets of the mi5. >> 70 years ago, it was raging in the sky. on the ground in france, elite german troops were preparing for their assignment, the invasion of england. according to the files, a german soldier has been trained to be far reaching -- to be part of training, taking cover of darkness and preparing the way for a larger invasion force. of the files released, the detail how this man, who later would jointly win the nobel prize for discovering dna, was put under surveillance of its
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suspicion he might have passed on nuclear secrets to communists. another man put under surveillance was a playwright spotted as a marxist during the war, and a large file was built up on him. there was no evidence he was a spy, and after surveillance ended, he went on to help write a script for a james bond film, former target of mi5, during his fifth year -- doing his bit. this gives a flavor of just how much fear there was in world war ii low of spies carrying secret. that carried over to the start of the cold war, but not all spies were real. clefs reminder of the headlines reaching new pictures -- >> a reminder of the headlines -- new pictures of the chilean miners shows them in good spirits. jimmy carter has secured the
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release of an american who had been jailed since january. here in the u.k., there are reports the government is being asked to review david cameron's security after he narrowly avoided an attack on a trip to afghanistan. the paper said the helicopter was forced to make an emergency desertion to avoid a possible attack by the taliban. our defense correspondent told us more. >> it was reported at the time that he had been going to meet the troops from the regiment and that his helicopter had been diverted, but at the time, downing street played it down
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and said, it is a serious threat. it does not seem we are hearing it is a closer call then downing street wanted to admit at the time. there is concern about the way it was organized, that it may have made him slightly more vulnerable than the military would have liked. this is certainly something they should be looking at for future visits by senior government officials, because in the past, they have not been allowed to report their presence until the visit was pretty much finished, so i think it is likely those plans would be alerting them that the prime minister is in
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the country. the taliban do often threaten to attack helicopters. >> they said it was preposterous. the men, women, and children are
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given a chance for what the government says is a move against time. >> last night, the police arrived before dawn to dismantle an illegal camp. the road was blocked as families were escorted to events -- vans. this morning they were each given 300 heroes. the french insist they are leaving voluntarily. they say they are being expelled. in other camps, they expect a police raid the government has linked them to crimes. they say it is unfair to punish an entire group. >> we only want to be able to work to eat.
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we do not steal. >> president sarkozy's office says the living standards are shocking with children exploited for begging. police have already visited this illegal camp twice and have reviewed orders of the expulsion, and some of the few hundred people living here hide in the hours of darkness, fearing they will be put back in plains. there has been growing criticism of deportations. some are in france for medical treatment. >> my child is sick. the treatment is expensive. in romania, we cannot be looked after. it would be difficult to provide. >> president sarkozy's policy has come under attack. >> they are threatening to separate children from their mother.
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>> they angrily denied the policy was racist. >> i find the allegation on acceptable, preposterous region not acceptable, preposterous. >> the fed -- i find the allegations preposterous and unacceptable. >> the french president says it cannot be used to change problems from one place to another, but the people in the camps believe life is better in the french -- in france then at home. >> hurricane katrina pounded the shores, delivering a blow to the gulf coast of the united states. the full scale of the disaster became clear in new orleans. nearly three-quarters have not returned. >> five years later, and this is
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still a desolate place. the floodwaters may have receded. nature has begun to claim back of proud, working-class neighborhood. there are those determined to make this place home again. >> it looks almost like a war zone. >> like many, he lost everything in the storm, but he is rebuilding the family home. >> this is our living room. >> rebuilding his own life is going to be hard without the help he needs. >> [unintelligible]
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>> their houses completely torn apart. >> the entire city of new orleans was devastated by hurricane katrina. this is a testament of what people went through, but the lower ninth award was hit even harder. recovery was painfully slow. there are few businesses, barely any infrastructure, and less than a quarter of residents have returned. for the most part, it still looks like this, and for the few residents that have returned, there was a nagging suspicion no one was committed to rebuilding this community. they said these people were poor and destitute before the storm, so why bother? this is a working-class
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neighborhood, so the question is, can new orleans be seen as home again? >> there are some signs of recovery, volunteers like this working for nonprofit groups rebuilding. there is little sign of health for it -- from anyone else. >> this is working class people. they have been paying taxes all their lives, and when it came time for their government to step up and say, you have been paying taxes or your own -- all your life, now we are helping you. >> once you know the truth, you are free. >> for congregations like this, the truth is the church may not be rebuilt for some time. like so many other things, it was lost to the storm, but those who remain confident if they lay the groundwork, it will come back here again.
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>> it gives us hope and interested. >> there is a desire for this neighborhood to not just recalled region recover but be better than ever it is going to be a long and difficult -- there is a desire for this neighborhood to not just recover but to get better. >> we have these pictures of north korea as jimmy carter is leaving the country, but the american freedom has managed to be secured. he has been detained since january. he was sentenced to eight year'' hard labor. they have flown out of north korea and are expected to rise in the united states later today. you are watching bbc news.
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>> get the top stories from of around the globe and click to play video reports. >> funding for this presentation was made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. the john d. and catherine t. macarthur foundation. and union bank.
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