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tv   BBC World News  PBS  November 9, 2010 6:00pm-6:30pm PST

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>> "bbc world news" is presented by kcet, los angeles. funding for this presentation is made possible by -- the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu, newman's own foundation, the john d. and catherine t. macarthur foundation, and union bank.
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>> union bank has put its global financial strength to work for a wide range of companies, from small businesses to major corporations. what can we do for you? >> they return to his childhood home. president obama visits in donees and tries again to reach out. -- is its indonesia and tries to reach out -- president obama visits indonesia and tries again to reach out. capital health officials call it a matter of national security. welcome to bbc world news. coming up later, apologizing would basically say that the decision was the wrong decision. i do not believe it was the wrong decision. >> former president george bush
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releases his memoirs and discusses torture and tony blair. living in this village means dealing with life itself. -- means gambling with life itself. the u.s. president barack obama's is in indonesia in an effort to improve the u.s. reputation in that region. he returned to where he lived as a boy today. 17 months ago, mr. obama made a speech in cairo aimed at earnest and sustained rebuilding of understanding of muslims worldwide. today, he conceded that there is still a long way to go. >> the president is in
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indonesia. he canceled twice before. domestic politics kept him in the u.s. but, today, barack obama finally arrived in jakarta to launch a new partnership between the two countries. >> one of prosperity, expanding partnerships between our people, and political cooperation. these are the pillars of our new partnership. ♪ ♪ >> his name was on everyone's lips at his old school. there wrote a song for him. >> i know him as a chevy boy. -- as a chubby boy.
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he lived in indonesia where a lot of people expected he would do something different for the world. but i do not know. do you think he did that now already? >> this is how they remember barack obama in indonesia as a child. but this trip is not just about his past, but america's future in asia as china's strength is growing. it is also about the economy, trying to increase american exports. and it is about islam. indonesian has more muslims living here than any other country in the world. it was a theme president obama touched on. interacting should be more than just security, he said. >> indonesia has the largest moslem population in the world.
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-- security is important, but i want to make sure that we are interacting with a wide range of people on a wide range of issues. >> so the key speech, while he is here, is expected to use the backdrop of indonesias moderate islam to reach out beyond asia and to the muslim world. >> there was apiculture of complacency rather than one of safety. that is the central accusation today. the causesking into of april's huge oil spill. the panel has heard the the three main committees involved all made serious mistakes. >> this is the president's
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panel. what happened yesterday is that some of the panel actually exaggerated bp on the worst counts of great negligence, effectively putting profits the case at bp. but, today, we have had more revelations from the panel. they have included the fact that there was a rush, a perceived rush to get this oil rig up and running and finished. that lead to mistakes and this culture of negligence that the commission talks about. they also pointed out that all three companies, bp, trans ocean, and halliburton really need to reform their safety
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procedures from the top down. >> tony hayward said that in dealing with the gulf of mexico oil spill took bp close to financial meltdown. he admits that the company was not prepared for the fallout nor the media frenzy that followed it. >> horrifying images of wildlife suffering. >> the news flashed around the world. >> the headlines of a disaster that brought bebe to the brink. the figure at the top, tony hayward, was described the most hated man in america. time after time, bp failed to stop the leak. mr. hayward now admits that the company got things wrong. the people's contingency plans were inadequate. -- bp's contingency plans were inadequate. we were making it up day-to-day. >> nobody wants this thing over more than i do. i want my life back. >> he says now that may be his training a drama school might have helped.
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>> besides a degree and trauma instead of -- perhaps a degree in drama instead of a degree in geology would have helped. >> from the president to the public, bp was under pressure. most visibly in a bruising session in congress. the key charge in that hearing was that tony hayward took shortcuts on safety, a theme that was raised again today. the head of the presidential inquiry into the disaster said that the companies involved, it was not a culture of safety on that rig. we know that the safety culture is led from the top, which means bp. this site proved infuriating. tony hayward enjoying his yachts. but he does not regret it. >> i have not seen my son in
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three months. i was on the boat between the hours of midnight to 6:00 a.m. i would not do anything different. i wanted to see my son. >> tony hayward has now left bp. his legacy is an accident that killed 11 men. >> rounding up more top stories for you, four suspected insurgents have been detained after the commercial aircraft there were flying on board was ordered to return to afghanistan. their plan that had tickets for saudi arabia was turned back when it was heard -- that had taken off for saudi arabia was turned back when it was discovered that a key individual was on board. early reports suggested that he was applying for political
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asylum in the united kingdom. he fled from london to dubai on monday. u.s. defense officials say they have been unable so far to explain the sighting of an apparent missile off the california coast on monday. the video shows the billowing plumes arising from the water's 50 kilometers west of los angeles. it was not clear what had caused the trail. it has been confirmed that the epidemic of cholera in haiti has now spread to the capital city port-au-prince. a 3-year-old boy is the first officially registered case. the health ministry chief has said that, for the moment, there is no large-scale outbreak of the disease in the capital. but he warns that is coming.
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>> it is impossible for us to stop the infection. the condition of the people is living together. >> how do you think you can stop the disease spreading here? >> at first, i tried -- i cried because i knew i cannot stop this. i called all people. [inaudible] i try to call it a lot of people because, if we put all of us
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together, we can really help the people living here. >> 11 airlines have been fined over their role in a price- fixing cartel. the eu competition commission found air france, klm, and airways colluding. the accord ended on fuel and security surcharges. and friends klm will have the biggest fine. they have to pay -- air france klm will have to pay the biggest fine. they have to pay $490 million. >> this cartel began in 1999 when the price of air fuel was rising. the airline needed to protect profits and agreed to charge customers a flat rate fuel charge. two years later, 9/11 put pressure on the airlines. there were added costs in
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screening cargo. in response, the cartel included a flat -- and recharge. it was not until 2006 that he was alerted to what was happening. a german carrier, lufthansa, broke ranks. in return, it received complete immunity from the fines. the other 11 companies were punished. they include the air france klm group. british airways faces the second-biggest house fine, just over one $140 million. carlos was the next. others are qantas, singapore airlines, and air canada. >> with the commission's intervention, the cartel has ended. more than likely, it would have continued today and created more harm to companies and consumers.
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>> with this judgment, the eu commission wants to send this message. any company thinking of colluding can expect to be severely punished. with this judgment, the eu makes it possible for customers who are overcharged from the likes of british airways and air france to pursue those companies through the courts. that would make more pain for the airlines. >> you are watching bbc world news. coming up, opening a door to the past, nostalgia to hal the old east germany is turning into a money center. the russian president has pledged that those responsible for the brutal beating of a prominent newspaper journalist will be brought to justice. a well-known political reporter and bobber is now in intensive care following the attack outside of his home last
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weekend. it was the latest in a series of attacks on journalists in recent years. >> inside this hospital in the capital lies yet another journalist in critical condition. his legs, hands, and java are smashed. jaw arelt -- and dra smashed. his father says that it is hard. he was attacked by two men using a weapon. most believe he had become a target because of his bold recourse sang and hard-hitting blogs on the internet. now, even the president has been forced to speak out about this
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list brazen attack on a journalist. he said the journalist's job is to tell the truth honestly and professionally. whoever is behind the attack, he said, would be punished. those are the words that journalists will take into the streets in moscow. but they are also vowing to continue these protests. until the president's words are turned into action and those responsible for the attack are actually brought to justice. >> you are watching bbc world news from london. in a state visit to indonesia and, president obama has said that the u.s. and the islamic
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world are moving away from mutual distrust. the companies involved in the gulf of mexico oil spill had the culture of and safety. in the first major interview since leaving the white house, george w. bush has defended the use of waterboarding saying it helped stop terrorist attacks in america and here in britain. speaking to publicists, he said he was told that the technique was legal. >> his was a tumultuous present say. now george w. bush has broken his silence. -- his was a tumultuous presidency. now george w. bush has broken his silence. the accusation that he authorized torture, waterboarding was used in the interrogation of terrorist suspects. it is the feeling of suffocation and drowning. he writes that he was assured it
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was not torture and it was legal and right. >> you used this technique on three people. we gained valuable information to protect the country. it was the right thing to do as far as i'm concerned. >> if asked if kalid schick muhammed should be waterboarded, the president replied, " damn right." he repeats his claim that information from waterboarding helped prevent attacks in the u.k. >> he did not believe that he was authorizing torture. that was clear from the book, his statements, his interviews, his statements at the time. he also believed that there were many lives saved and plots foiled. >> on iraq, president bush defends his decision to go to war. but he regrets the banner on
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that aircraft carrier. he regrets that no weapons of destruction were found. but there are no apologies here. >> i do not believe it was a wrong decision. >> but on tony blair, he says he found an echo of churchill. when they spoke of invading iraq, he recalls mr. blair telling him, "i am in, even if it costs me the government." >the newmar will feed the americans need for it. in general, americans do look kindly upon former presidents, even those who were, at times, very unpopular. one of the lowest points of george bush's presidency was hurricane katrina as thousands of people languished in a
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flooded new orleans. he was attacked by the rapper kanye west. >> president bush does not like black people. >> he called me a racist. it is not true. >> people were queuing around the block in dallas today. he says he's comfortable that he will not be around to hear the verdict on his presidency. >> the result is no surprise, not after such a careful a planned general election. burma's military-back party says it has one by a landslide. the ballot has been denounced by the west and pro-democracy parties as a sham. >> counting the votes by candlelight in the northwest. the living conditions here are harsh. while these people want to cast
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their votes in a much- criticized elections, many homes in this area are empty, many having migrated to look for work elsewhere. the military-backed party is claiming victory. president obama insists that this will be a hollow victory. >> one of the challenges we will continue to face is burma. i commend the people of indonesia for standing up for burma and their rights. we will continue our efforts to move burma toward democratic reform and the protection of human rights. >> longstanding troubles have reignited in the aftermath. these people fled the fighting between ethnic rebels and the pro-government troops. >> i heard the gunfire this morning. the sounds were a distance from
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my house. >> at least 15,000 people took what they could with them and left. more than two hundred thousand burmese live in camps along the border. they are not formally recognized as refugees. but they can get basic relief assistance. >> we would like to send them back east as soon as possible, when the burmese army says it is safe to go. we will send these people back. >> some of the new refugees have started to move back, again when they thought more burmese were making their way into thailand. and the signs are that these underlying conflicts in burma -- >> the mayor of a small community in turkey is calling on the government to declare the entire village a disaster zone.
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he wants it the most and then covered with earth. the reason is an epidemic of an unusual type of cancer. it is one of turkey's most popular destinations. but the environment hides a hidden danger. >> if there is such a thing as a curse to village, this may be it. little different from any other community in central turkey, the people living here have, for centuries, suffered astonishingly high cancer rates. until recently, no one knew why. they have discovered that the cause lies in this local rock, which has been traditionally used in construction. it contains a rare mineral called. night -- called arianite. if you breathe it in, you get the same kind of cancer you get from breathing asbestos.
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three children play in buildings whose walls likely contain these fibers. >> once we get the cancer, there is nothing we can do. of course, i would prefer to move into a new house. but we do not own property here, so we are not entitled to one. we do not have the money to move so we're stuck here. >> the government is no funding the construction of a new settlement of the hill in a safe area. but there are not enough houses for everyone and they have to be paid for. the village mayor says he is pushing for more construction and more government funding. he would like to bury the old village. >> money is a big issue, but people are dying from this disease. hopefully, we can find a way to resolve the money problem. but our priority is to move people out of the village as
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soon as possible so that the next generation can be saved. >> without a government handout, there is no hope that she and her family can escape to a new home outside the cancer zone. >> when the berlin wall came down in 1989, there was much euphoria and very little regret. but, as time passes, the kind of nostalgia for the old german democratic republic emerges. you can still find remnants of the berlin wall if you search. but nearly all of it has been demolished, turned to dust and memory. but elsewhere in the city, the old german democratic republic is coming into vogue. there is a gdr-style hotel. >> time has passed, but we
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wanted to bring it back. we lost good things in the gdr. >> it is the kind of radical chic, a restaurant that looks like the gdr, but without the secret police. ♪ >> our guest chef, zero we will make that great gdr classic, what is left in the fridge soup. hourt's move forward one and fall back 20 years. so here we have it, everything that was left in the fridge soup. not too bad. but do you know what it really
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needs? a soupcon of nostalgia -- a soup song of nostalgia. >> those are the top stories from bbc world news. >> hello and welcome. >> see the news unfold. get the top stories from around the globe and click to play video reports. go to bbc.com/news to experience the in-depth, expert reporting of "bbc world news" online. >> funding was made possible by -- the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu, newman's own foundation, the john d. and catherine t. macarthur foundation, and union bank.
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>> union bank has put its global -- what can we do for you? >> there is one stage that is the met and carnegie hall. >> o, that this too, too solid flesh -- >> it is the kennedy center -- >> check, one, two. >> and a club in austin. [woman vocalizing] >> it is closer than any seat in the house, no matter where you call home. >> ♪ the top of the world, and i'm there, i'm home ♪ >> pbs -- the great american stage that fits in every living room. your support of pbs brings the arts home. arts home.
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