>> hello, and a warm welcome to the "journal," coming to you from dw in berlin. the tributes continue for nelson mandela as preparations get underway for his memorial service and funeral. after 12 years of negotiations, the world trade organization has its first global trade agreement. and awards night in berlin for the european film industry.
south africa continues to mourn the death of nelson mandela, who died thursday at age of 95. the government is preparing a more more ale service -- as per pairing a memorial service in johannesburg on thursday that will be attended by leaders from around the world followed by a smaller funeral on december 15. >> with song and dance, south africans commemorate the life of one of the great leaders of modern times. thousands have traveled to nelson mandela's former residents to pay their last respects to the father of the nation. up, we were not allowed to do this or we would get arrested. >> he was so great. he liberated my grandmother. he liberated my grandfather. he made them sing.
of the named enemy state, nelson mandela became south africa's first black resident in 1994. today he is celebrated as south africa's great healer. peopleout the country, put their thoughts on paper, a sea of flowers spreading out. a sign of mourning in a gesture of gratitude. familyesman for mandela's expressed thanks for the outpouring of grief in south africa and the world over. underlines there simple truth that medieval was not just days citizen of south africa, but a global citizen. world leaders and dignitaries will attend a memorial service in johannesburg tuesday. unexpectedly increased
its troop deployment to central african republic on saturday after violent clashes between muslim and christian militias (instead. at a security conference in paris, the french president said his nation would send 1600 soldiers, 400 more than originally planned. the central african republic is a former french colony and has dissented into chaos after mainly muslim rebels overthrew the government back in march. >> they are mourning hundreds killed even as the uneasy calm is in the streets. thousands have fled. others are keeping to the relative safety of their homes. dead, thisple are woman says, so many. what will our president do about this. when he protection. they are always more dead, always more dead. muslim rebels overthrew the christian president nine months ago.
since then, the central african republic has been reduced to near anarchy as battles raged between the mostly muslim rebel group and the militias from the country's christian majority. france has reinforced its troop resins in the former french colony. it will deploy 1600 soldiers to patrol the streets in an effort to restore order. >> they beat me and told me to say my prayers because they were going to kill me. the destruction is everywhere. the french only patrol the main boulevards. in paris, the president told a summit of african leaders the continent must develop the capacity to look after its own security. he offered french training and assistance for and african rapid response force. >> and appeals group has reduced the sentences of 14 protesters.
it was cut to a one-year suspended sentence. the ms. lump -- the members of the muslim brotherhood were detained in october after demanding the release of ousted president mohammed orsi -- mohamed morsi. the sentences handed down last month caused an international outcry. ukrainian activists are accusing the president of betraying national interests after he held unannounced talks with the russian president vladimir putin. both governments denied reports of a deal giving ukraine cheaper gas in exchange for tony a moscow led customs union. in kiev, demonstrators were on the streets to protest the government's push for closer ties with moscow. stalledcalling for trade ties to be reactivated. the world trade organization has reached its first ever trade reform deal. of approval from
the ministers who had lathered in bali when an agreement was finally announced. global trade talks have faced years of deadlock, with many countries shifting to regional deals. addwto says the deal could $1 trillion to the global economy. >> it is so agreed. >> the agreement is a milestone for the wto. it is their first global trade deal since his creation in 1995. >> for the first time in our history, the wto has truly delivered. >> the deal will lower trade barriers and speed up the passage of goods through customs. most importantly, its terms apply not to just rich industrialized states but also the poor developing countries. analysts estimate that it could boost the global economy by hundreds of billions of dollars. >> we have achieved something very significant. people all around the world will
benefit from the package you have delivered here today. >> some critics say the agreement could prevent poor countries from setting their own priorities in areas like environmental action, workers rights, and food security. negotiations dragged into a next her day after there were last requests from individual countries. cuba objected to a removal of the reference of the u.s. trade embargo, and india objected reservations to feed it subsidized poor. the final document allowed the agreement to go ahead. and 85- korea has freed year-old american forest after detaining him more than a month. it was on charges of war crimes committed in the korean war over six decades ago. the north korean veteran merril newman was arrested while visiting north korea on vacation on october. he arrived in beijing saturday
morning before catching a flight back to san francisco. he said he felt good and was looking forward to seeing his wife. elected democrats have a new leader. at their special party conference in berlin, 79% of delegates supported the head. the former leader step down after the party received only 4.8% of the vote in september's general election. that was below the five percent required week hired -- for parliamentary representation. one of germany's most for stages prizes -- most prestigious prizes has been awarded. at a ceremony, the 66-year-old belgian was awarded the prize for cap to be shin-soo choo european unity, honored as a mediator and consensus builder. as he was awarded the prize for consensus holding and european unity.
sports now and the latest bundesliga news. day, byron munich lay down an impressive marker to the chasing pack. inspired play. the frenchman created two goals and scored twice to lead the route. the victory meant that iran has now gone 40 league game -- byron munich has now gone 40 league games without defeat. the rest of the results look like this. 4-2.gart won frankfurt lost at home. on sunday, there will be a match in berlin. friday evening, nürnberg plays to a 1-0 draw. nürnberg match was played in chilly conditions, and once their failure to grab all
three points means they are still looking for their first win of the season after 15 matches. snow could nott dampen the elation as nürnberg struck early. in the fifth minute, the defender headed in to make it 1- 0. aided by awas slippery ball back out away from the keeper. they cannot come into their own and squandered the few chances they managed to create. control,was clearly in but failed to put the game out of reach. after the break, they found their footing. that was a long pass captured, equalizing it in the 75th minute. was a golden opportunity to put them in the lead. he was sent off after this nasty foul. they were happy to leave town with a point and nürnberg will have to do better after the winter break. >> that leaves the table looking
like this. byron are way out in front, but wortman and labor crews and are not out of it yet. there is little to separate the teams at the bottom. a win for freiburg tomorrow could spell trouble for frank frankfurt, whose loss leaves them in trouble. one of the highlights of the motorsport calendar, the formula one f1a prize giving gala in paris. the german winner looked sharp as he was officially resent it with the champions trophy for the fourth year in a row. the red bull principal was honored with the fia championship award. the awards honor those who have stood out in competition through the season. europe's hottest movie stars will be gracing the red carpet here in berlin tonight at this year's equivalent of the oscars
in european film awards. leading the path with most nominations is "a broken circle breakdown." it tells a story of a young couple coping with the terminal illness of their only child. nominated in four categories is a german movie, "oh boy" directed by a new up and comer. the black-and-white feature follows the day in the life of a college dropout as he wanders aimlessly through the streets of berlin. is our films correspondent on the red carpet here in berlin. tott, the efa's are referred as the european oscars. how big is this night for the film industry? >> it's a pretty big night. it really is the only truly european award. you have the past as in britain, you have the caesars in france, you have germany's lola's that celebrate the german industry,
the onlyfa's are awards that are voted on by the entire european film academy, just like the u.s. academy does for the oscars. if you win here, it is something special. it basically tells you this is a film that wins here is a film that not only appeals in berlin or in london or paris but across the continent. it is really something special to take home a trophy at them tonight. >> scott, tell us what films are expected to be winners tonight. >> that is a bit of a tough one. easily there is a big front runner. a movie swept the awards. this year it is tougher. "oh boy" might do well" and i think you may see this spread out among a few films. i would put my money on the french film "blue is the warmest color" which one in the cannes
film festival and is getting a lot of buzz. >> any trends in the films nominated fisher? -- nominated this year? >> this year it's sort of a nostalgia trend. a lot of films are looking backwards. "blue is the warmest color" is all about sex, food, and talking. the italian film is basically an update of another film. i think maybe this time of upheaval when people are wondering where europe is going, european film makers are looking back to their roots in european cinema before they decide where to go in the future. >> scott, thank you for that. we will be checking in once they announce the winners. in new york, a new record was set at christie's auction house. 00,000 for a record 7 a guitar. it was no ordinary instrument,
it was bob dylan's first electric to tar, the one that he played at the folk festival in 1965. the three songs that he played at newport were a milestone when bob dylan transition from folk music to rock. we will have an update for you at the top of the hour. >> this is the roma ghetto in the check city. many of the houses are run down. some do not have running water. this person grew up here. the three friends return to their former neighborhood a few weeks ago when right-wing extremist tried to storm the area. hundreds of residents gather to stop them. me it was not for the police come and could. have been much worse
was not for the police, he could have been much worse. they were really threatening me, he says. they tried to break through the police chain to grab me. we were really angry. we wanted to fight them. this is home to many roma, and animosity is high. city officials even tried to wall off the roma settlements, but international outcries forced them to shelve the plan s. these people reside in this high-rise apartment block. more and more roma families are moving out of the ghetto, and their new neighbors often react with hostility. both in their early 20s, they still live with their parents.
they share a 65 square meter apartment with his mother, father, and one of his sisters. none of them have a steady job. at the moment, he has an income. like market work that pays two euros 50 per hour. i tried to find a normal job when i finished school, he says. center andhe job filled out applications. i wanted to become a chef, but i never found more than part-time work. the jober tells me center always says there is nothing available. it's because of our dark skin. they say there is never work for us roma. under the table, he rolls a joint.
memories linger of the hate campaign against the roma late this summer. neo-nazis organized rallies across the czech republic. they were joined by many average citizens in the chanting slogans like "gypsies out." many of them were normal people, she says. normal people like those who live in the same high-rise apartment block as the family. this neighbor did not join the neo-nazi marches. petitiond start a against the roma collecting 300 signatures. we the undersigned objective behavior of the roma community, he reads. we demand the police do
something about it. the roma don't respect the local populace. they are noisy, they steal, and they frighten us. he says he wants nothing to do with the right wing extremists. he says that some roma even sign his petition. i just want them to behave like normal people, he says. it's not racism. the town has been hit hard by the global financial crisis. the industrial city is suffering falling wages and high unemployment. frustration is adding to the anti-roma sentiment. 100,000 people live in the city.
1/10 of them are roma. there are some roma who were ok, says this man. problem with them when they behave, adds his companion. i hate the roma, says this woman. this woman also has strong feelings. violence is not a solution, but we should throw the ones who do not work out of our country. people are czech citizens, so the idea of importing them is absurd. the pair pay a visit to his sister. they finished school and worked part-time as a school until she had her first child when she was 17. she now has three kids and her husband is on the hunt for work. family of five live in a one room apartment.
family and friends are constantly dropping by. the home is a constant hive of activity. all of them survival in welfare benefits. people complain that we live off their tax money, he says, but if they would give us work, we could earn our own money. his sister chimes in, the cz echs think we are lazy. that is not true, we would like to work, but how? the apartment is not just small. it is also expensive. his sister wants to move, but their chances of finding a new place are slim because of their name, their parents, and their their appearance, and their accent. this apartment belongs to another roma. he is profiting from their desperation.
his sister shows us the bathroom. it's the only place we can store anything, she says. the washing machine is also broken, she laughs. that is all the family needs. this is the school nearest to the roma neighborhood. he used to go here. it is a special school. the principal has worked here for over 20 years. an above-average number of roma children and up here because this school is so close to their homes. and because other schools don't consider the disadvantages they face in their entrance tests.
but they are not stupid. it is just that roma children receive far less support from their families. it is not easy for roma children in the czech education system. it is not just because their parents don't always look after them properly according to this person. she tells me the state must do more to promote and to ration. -- must do more to promote integration. recently, check education authorities asked them to count the roma children. they want us to judge which children were roma and which were not on the basis of their physical appearance. i did not react and have not heard anything since then. education authorities put this scheme on ice because of the criticism it received from many teachers.
one year ago, the police started a pilot project. like these people are being trained as special police officers in an attempt to combat rising crime. -- they someone's been y's ombudsman helped initiate the project. he believes there will be less friction of the crime rate among the roma false. we want to diffuse the hatred. the roma police officers are helping us. they should get close to the people in their community and help implement law and order. the idea gives the impression the roma themselves are to blame for the discrimination against them. the patrols have proved useful, though.
officers often mediate and help iron out arguments, but they cannot address the core problem. this officer sums it up. we often face racism when we look for work. if you have dark skin, you are rejected, whether you are a good citizen or not. we also face racism and local businesses and in the schools. every sunday, this person plays soccer with his mates. it is an all-roma team, started by a police man. this team captain explains that it should teach the young men social skills and discipline. he says many have problems with unemployment and criminality. we are trying to awaken
their sporting ambition. we hope it makes them more reliable. defensive midfielder. he can also play for a regular club, but he fears he would have to deal with discrimination. back in the high-rise apartment block, there is no interest in soccer. his biggest passion is making music with his friends. ♪ he would like to take part in a reality tv show and be discovered as a singer. he dreams of becoming a star. ♪