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tv   Journal  LINKTV  December 13, 2013 2:00pm-2:31pm PST

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>> welcome to the "journal" coming to you live from dw in berlin. >> thanks for joining us. coming up -- >> the number two man in north korea is executed. what lies ahead for the korean peninsula? >> in ukraine, the opposition sits down with the president, but no progress is made. >> in the u.s., freedom beckons for a german woman after two decades on death row.
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north korea appears to be in the midst of a purge following the execution of the second most powerful man in the country. he was hanged to death on the orders of his nephew, kim jong sun, who is now consolidating his grip on power. >> if kim is successful, he could ensure his personal control of the country for years to come, but the execution of a leading member of his family's old guard raises questions about the stability of this unpredictable -- unpredictable and nuclear-armed state. >> like his father and grandfather before him, kim jong und is constructing his own personality cult, making clear he will not tolerate any threat to his authority. in pyongyang, public opinion on the execution echoed state media. >> for this group of traders who were going to destroy our wholehearted unity, execution is too lenient. they should be torn up and thrown into the rubbish bin of history.
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>> in the two years since kim jong-un became supreme leader, his uncle was considered by many as north korea's second most powerful figure. his arrest was dramatic. he was charged with trying to overthrow the state, financial mismanagement, womanizing, and alcohol abuse. any speculation that family ties could bring him clemency was immediately dispelled when a tribunal condemned him to death and ordered his immediate execution. south korea expressed deep concern friday over the developments, saying it would prepare for what it called all possibilities. >> generally, we have seen in the past efforts to crack down on internal insecurities lead to a external provocations. we are paying close attention to that possibility this time is ralph -- this time as well. >> at the demilitarized zone,
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tourists from the south can peer crossing to the north. meanwhile, the eyes of the north are on pyongyang to see what kim jong-un might still do to further cement his position. >> we talked to our correspondent and ask for more reaction and south korea. >> your average south korean just shrugged their shoulders about any news coming out of north korea, but there is concern the south korean military is on heightened alert. as we just heard, there's concerns north korea could follow this execution up with some sort of military provocation. the government says they are on heightened alert, watching for any sort of steps the regime could take to restore legitimacy and build the port around kim jong-un. >> thank you very much. >> now to the central african republic where the united nations refugee agency says more than 600 people have been
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killed. someone hundred 60,000 forced from their homes. that in the past week alone by sectarian violence. >> a spokesman said 450 people were killed in the capital alone . reprisal killings have followed in the midwest. the african union says it is prepared to more than double its peacekeeping force to 6000 troops. france has also deployed 1600 of its forces. the c.a.r. has a christian majority and was plunged into chaos. in south africa, scuffles broke out this afternoon when a crowd of mourners had been waiting to see nelson mandela lying in state. the lee said they were overwhelmed by the numbers and started to ask people to leave -- the police said they were overwhelmed by the numbers. >> some have been waiting for eight hours when they were
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turned away. mandela will be buried on sunday . now, the upper house of the belgian parliament has voted in favor of controversial plans to extend the right to assisted suicide to terminally ill children. >> the senate voted by the is 17 for the measure, which now goes to the lower house. supporters hope it will be approved ahead of elections coming up in may. the bill allows minors to ask for euthanasia on the grounds that their illness is to terminal, that they are in great pain, and that there is no treatment that would alleviate the distress. the request would have to be approved by the medical team and parents. to ukraine now where talks are being held tween the embattled president and the country's three main protest leaders including a boxing champion. >> he has become something of a gearhead or the pro-european movement in the country. until today, he had ruled out
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any talks with the president, instilled -- instead demanding that viktor yanukovych step down. now he is taking a different approach. >> on stage, three opposition leaders present a united front. from the fatherland party of the imprisoned prime minister, and the heavyweight boxing champion who now leads a party. they announced their decision to help -- to attend roundtable talks held by viktor yanukovych, the first sign of compromise after weeks of road test. the main opposition demand is that the government resign. a first meeting between the two sides yielded little progress.
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viktor yanukovych did offer amnesty for protesters who were detained when the police tried to clear independence square on december 1. opposition leaders vowed to stick with their core demands. >> they had the chance to sign just two weeks ago. >> the opposition has made little progress towards its ultimate goal, and preparations are being made for the next mass rally this weekend. >> for the very latest from central kiev, let's bring in our correspondent. there has been no progress at these talks today. what comes next? >> well, the opposition leader gave a brief interview after the talks and said this was no dialogue at all but merely a demonstration of power by ukrainian leadership. he and his colleagues from the
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other opposition parties called on protesters to take to the streets in the thousands again on sunday. they expect one million to come, actually. an expert, on the other hand, warned against a total deadlock in ukraine, and national bankruptcy to come closer and closer. >> you mentioned that bigger rally. they are hoping for one million people from the opposition side, but pro-government people are also planning a rally in central kiev this weekend. how big are the chances there could be trouble? >> the chances are quite high. hundreds of thousands of people are expected. many here fear rowdies hired to start fights, to start provocations, to start classes will be there.
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intended provocations are often used in the former soviet republics to discredit opposition movements and to justify a hard-line approach by government to crack down on these protest movements. many here fear more bloodshed is inevitable until this crisis can be resolved. >> a tense situation coming up on the weekend. thank you for now. in germany, the next government is taking shape. reports indicate the conservatives and social democrats have agreed on the makeup of the new cabinet. >> but chancellor angela merkel is keeping the lineup under wraps. for now, she is waiting for the result of a ballot of the spd's grassroots on whether to join the coalition. more than 300,000 social democrats are said to have returned their ballots papers already, and party leaders to say they are confident they will get the go-ahead. the result is due to be announced on saturday.
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>> so how is this vote going to go? let's bring in terry martin down parliamentary studios for us following the story. the spd is saying they are confident that it is a yes vote. where is that confidence coming from? >> that's right. spd leaders do believe that the party will approve the coalition agreement, and they have good reason to be confident. they've been getting feedback from party rank and file members in anticipation of the vote, and for the most part, feedback has been positive, but now, there is a poll showing that over 80% of germans do expect the agreement to be approved by spd members, and a poll of spd members themselves says that over 90% of them are suggesting that the vote will go through, so we can expect it to be approved, setting the stage for the formation, finally, of germany's new government. >> as that both hunting
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continues, the cabinet is taking shape. what can we expect? >> german media reports suggest they will be 14 members in the cabinet, in addition to the chancellor and her chief of staff. six of those post are said to be going to the spd, eight to the conservatives. there will be a couple of familiar faces from the spd back in the cabinet. it is suggested that the foreign minister will again take up that post. and the leader of the spd is expected to take on a kind of double ministry which will combine economics and energy. >> thanks so much for that look ahead for us. to the u.s. now where there has been a rare round of compromise on capitol hill and washington. the u.s. house has approved a federal budget that for now removes the threat of another government shutdown. >> the plan does represent a rare meeting of minds in congress. the white house has it shows
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that washington can stop everything by crisis. >> three hundred 32 members of the house of representatives voted in favor of the two-year budget deal. 94 against. it was a rare show of bipartisanship. republicans have the majority of house and have often ruled out compromise with democrats. the speaker of the house hit up the tea party. >> i came here to fight for a smaller, more accountable government, and this takes the right steps in that direction. it's not everything i wanted, but when groups come out and criticize an agreement they have never seen, you begin to wonder just how credible those actions are. >> now, the budget goes to the democratic-led senate, where it is expected to pass.
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this rules out another government shutdown in the foreseeable future. >> that, of course, is good news for the u.s. economy and for global markets. we have the reaction from the frankfurt stock exchange. >> another government shutdown in the u.s. would hurt the economy and would surely drag down share prices. investors all over the world felt kind of relieved that politicians in the u.s. found first compromise, which is the first step of many more steps. the market in general could not benefit from this development. the markets are down because of rocket taking. the rally we have seen last three months, so the dax went down for the second week in a row, mainly driven by the fact that there is lots of uncertainty in the market. >> let's have a look and at some
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of the market numbers and a bit more detail. starting off with the dax and frankfurt, which ended the day about 0.1% lower, rounding off what was, as mentioned, a week of profit-taking. of course new york, trading still under way on the dow, almost completely flat at the moment. the euro on the currency markets currently trading for $1.3725. leaders attend southeast asian nations are in japan for a summit that is likely to be dominated by disputes with china. >> leaders gathering in tokyo say territorial disputes must not erupt into conflict. the meeting comes as concerns mount over china's declaration of an air defense zone, which covers islands claimed by both japan and south korea as well. they're also set to celebrate 40 years of diplomatic ties.
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going to a short break. just a minute there, so don't go away. >> stay with us. >> welcome back. the chief united nations chemical weapons inspector has delivered his final report on the use of chemical weapons in syria. >> he officially handed that report to the united nations secretary-general on thursday. it types what it says is credible evidence that chemical weapons have been used in five places in syria. it said it did not have enough information to corroborate reports of two of the incidents. led to a u.s. russia agreement to eliminate syria's chemical weapons by the middle of next year. the inspector's mandate did not include identifying whether
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government or rebel forces were behind those attacks, but does the report give any indications? we put that question to all over my are of the german institute for international and security affairs. -- oliver meyer of the german institute for international and security affairs. >> they may have found indications that weapons may have been used, but only in two of these five cases is there sufficient evidence to say that they're very probably was use of chemical weapons. in other instances, there are many questions, and they could not revive definite proof. in two of the instances, they could not corroborate any of the evidence that was provided, so it is quite a mixed picture, and it is very difficult to draw a conclusion in terms of who was responsible. >> now the big task will be removing and destroying syria's existing stockpiles of chemical weapons. how hard is that going to be? >> it is still a huge challenge.
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there has been one huge step forward in that we now have technology that will enable us to deal with the most dangerous materials. the united states will provide technology that enables the destruction of chemical weapons agencies. there are huge challenges. there are also questions about what will happen to the materials that come out of this destruction process. that's quite a considerable amount. 10,000 to 14,000 tons of material that will then have to go to a further facility to be destroyed. so far, we have not even found a country that is willing to take these materials. >> once the process is completed , will there be future attacks, or could there be weapons we do not yet know about? >> in, the danger is probably
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much less. we have not been able to verify that there are not chemical weapons. i think there is a high degree of certainty that basically all the material has been declared by syrian governments, and that danger has been much reduced. of course, monitoring will have to continue even after this destruction has finished, and that is also a challenge that we have not even begun to think about how to do that in a country that continues to be war torn and where there's conflict still going on. >> thank you very much for joining us. >> coming up in this program, we will be reporting on a new twist in the closely watched case of an arizona woman alleged to have ordered the murder of her four- year-old son. >> but first, we will hear some other stories in brief.
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one potato will not be returning to european kitchen tables anytime soon. a european court has said the european commission failed to follow the procedure when it authorized the genetically modified spotted in 2010. >> u.s. secretary of state john kerry has been meeting with the israeli prime minister, benjamin netanyahu, to try to break the deadlock and peace talks -- the deadlock in peace talks restarted in july. well, a child murder committed more than two decades ago is putting the spotlight on the death penalty in america and how it is applied, especially in the state of arizona. >> the woman was convicted of involvement in her son's that, and she has been on death row ever since, that is until this september, when she was released pending a possible retrial. >> this cross marks the spot where police found the body of
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christopher. a private detective knows the place well, and he thinks he knows the real reason why the four-year-old child was murdered. >> when tender age children are murdered, it is usually related to sex acts. covering up the crime of child molestation, and i have always really believed that is what happened here. >> public prosecutors saw it differently. they claim christopher was killed because of a $5,000 life insurance policy. they accused his mother of paying two men to murder him. the court sentenced her to death. one day before the verdict, she denied the charges on a local television station. he says he also spoke to her when the trial began.
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he interviewed her in this center, which is now disused. it was then that his doubts about her guilt began to grow. >> she and i were sitting down -- especially when the police report showed up claiming she confessed -- i was positive that she did not confess, and i could not find any kind of evidence linking her to the crime. >> there was never a written or recorded confession, but a detective claimed she had confessed. that was enough for the court. it later emerged that he had on previous occasions lied under oath. after 23 years on death row, she successfully appealed the decision. this home video shows her reuniting with her mother. but now, prosecutors are seeking a retrial.
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he does not think they will be successful. he can hardly believe she was nearly put to death on such slim evidence. >> this is an absolute example of what is wrong with the death penalty. you destroy lives. you kill innocent people. this time, it is murder under color of law or at least attempted murder. >> she could be found guilty again, but much of the case hangs on the detective who does not want to give testimony. if he does not take the witness stand, she could walk free, this time for good. >> our correspondent joins us from phoenix. this trial has aroused a lot of passions from the very beginning and is continuing to do so. what can we expect from this latest hearing? will we see a retrial?
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>> well, the hearing on friday is so important because it will probably be decided if the main witness has to testify or not. he does not want to testify, but he might be forced to do so. just a reminder, he is the detective who interrogated her right in the beginning, and he said that she confessed that there is no confession in writing, and it is his word against her word, and his word has suffered greatly in the last few years because of was disclosed he had repatedly lied under oath and is all still -- also corrupt. that's one of the main reasons why she was released on bond, and he does not want to testify because it might damage himself. if he does not have to testify, then the prosecution basically does not have a case anymore. >> what kind of coverage is this trial getting in the united dates?
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has it at all reignited the debate over the death penalty? >> in arizona, and a lot of people know about this case. it really depends who you ask what they think about the case. i would say most people i talk to think that she is innocent, but it really has not sparked any kind of discussion about the death penalty. arizona is sort of in the midfield when it comes to capital punishment in the united states. there's other states that execute far more people than arizona. actually, the exact number in arizona since the death penalty was reintroduced in the 1970's is 36. far more in texas and oklahoma. the german community is very interested in the case as well, but it has not sparked any discussion about capital punishment. >> max, thanks so very much.
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finally, germans have a reputation for being sticklers for details, but this is taking things to a new level. >> the german soccer team has been scouring brazil for a hotel to stay in during the world cup, but it seems nothing fit the bill. now, the squad will be moving into a luxurious and new resort that is still being built by a german developer. click the team is denying reports that the resort is being built especially for its visit. >> at the paradise under the palm trees. it covers 1.5 hectares. it will have 65 apartments, a pool, and training facilities. the still unfinished resort is not being built specifically for germany, but they will be the first guest and will have influence over some aspects of the complex. >> we have certain requirements relating to our group and the amount of travel involved. we found the conditions here perfect.
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>> nearby, there are good flight connections. that's a big loss in a country as large as brazil. >> the mood is also very important. you cannot have layers getting cabin fever airing the tournament. you have to have good vibes, and of course, the accommodation has a lot to do with that. >> fifa has accepted this as germany possible face. now it needs to be finished. that's due to happen by march next year. >> that's all for now. thanks much for joining us. >> stay with us. we'll have more news for you in just under 30 minutes. captioned by the national captioning institute
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>> welcome back to "the newsroom." first, france is warning of the unrest in the african republic risks spiraling out of control. this warning comes as the u.n. rerts that more than 600 people have been killed in the unrest. it's been seven days since 1600 troops were deployed to the country. the french defense minister has een meeting some of them today . let's take a listen to what he had to say. >> the spiral of confrontation is becoming increasingly violent. it has added a security crisis to the start oa


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