"journal." >> good to have you with us. here is what is coming up in the next half-hour. pro-russian activists in the eastern gas in the east of ukraine's storm the government and declare independence. the ukrainian president accuses moscow of preparing crimea 2.0. >> oscar pistorius takes the stand in his murder trial and apologizes to the family of reeva steenkamp for shooting her. >> and remembering what we should never forget -- the genocide in rwanda 20 years ago.
>> is this the next chapter of the ukraine crisis and could it be a repeat of what happened in crimea? the east of the country's separatists -- in the east of the country, separatists have occupied government buildings. >> some say russia is preparing another invasion. >> it comes as the united states ambassador to the osce says moscow is coordinating what is happening right now. >> the protesters who stormed and barricaded the regional government building say the region is now benetton a miss people's republic ash now an autonomous -- say the region is now an autonomous people's republic.
inside, they are busy setting a date for a referendum to separate from ukraine. they hold a vote and settle on may 11. they then break out in cheers for the man some of them say is eastern ukraine's last hope. hours earlier, hundreds of militants forced their way inside the building. the authorities barely resisted. they had orders from key of -- from kiev not to use any violence. this is not an isolated incident. armed men have taken control of the police headquarters in the neighboring area. a also want the region to join russia -- they also want the region to join russia. >> a referendum iwill take place even if we die here.
a referendum will take place, i give you my word. >> amid the unrest, germany's foreign minister once again called for moscow to join the middle -- join in talks. >> we must work towards stabilizing ukraine economically and politically. we won't be able to do that if political division takes hold. >> washington says the pro-russian militants are not locals but outside forces, paid testily tensions in ukraine's east. >> our correspondent -- paid to escalate tensions in ukraine's east. >> our correspondent has been following this. john kerry answered a live rock -- john kerry and sergey lavrov spoke recently. >> i would say they probably
once again agreed on disagreeing . john kerry knows that ukraine doesn't want that. they feel that russia will take advantage of the situation in ukraine. lavrov had to listen to the fact that the u.s. probably are considering further sanctions against russia. russia would further move to destabilize the situation in ukraine. they are discussing further talks between the u.s. and russia, ukraine, and the european union. they are not sure if that is really going to happen. that russia is coordinating all of these separatist activists, that they are in fact not ukrainians?
>> cannot argue with the fact that there is some discontent in eastern ukraine about the general situation in ukraine, but there are signs that there is a russian hand in all of this , even though there is not absolute proof. the scenario that is being played out really is very similar to what happened in crimea. it is accompanied once again by a lot of pro-kremlin propaganda. that is what people in ukraine are also watching in the east. it is a very concerning situation for ukraine. >> indeed. thank you very much for that update. >> "i was simply trying to protect reeva." those were the words of oscar pistorius as he testified for the first time at his trial in south africa. >> he delivered a tearful testimony. the paralympic star is accused of murdering his girlfriend last year. he says he is still traumatized
by the events and has difficulty sleeping. >> he started his testimony with an emotional apology. >> oscar pistorius chose to exercise his right as a witness to testify off-camera. he began by turning to the family of reeva steenkamp and addressing her parents directly. >> i would like to apologize and say that there's not a moment and there hasn't been a moment since -- since this tragedy happened that i haven't thought about your family. i wake up every morning and you're the first people i think of, the first people i pray for. i can't imagine the pain and the sorrow that i've caused you and your family. and i was simply trying to protect reeva. i can promise that when she went to bed that night she felt loved. >> steenkamp's family showed no
emotion as the story is -- as pistorius spoke. he says he mistook her for an intruder. he told the judge he is on antidepressants and sleeping pills and that he is often scared to go to sleep. >> i have terrible nightmares about the things that happened that night when i wake up and i smell -- i can smell the blood. i wake up to being terrified. >> the testimony made difficult listening for pistorius' family. the athlete said he never wants to handle a firearm again. >> joining us on the line from south africa is our correspondent who has been following the court proceedings. pistorius takes to the witness stand, begs his girlfriend's parents for forgiveness.
how did they react? >> she showed virtually no reaction whatsoever. they have been sitting through weeks of testimony. they have heard exactly how reeva steenkamp died. i think it might take a bit more than that to move them. no visible reaction from them. >> during his testimony, he brought up his childhood. what could be the legal team's strategy here? >> the defense are clearly working toward developing the character of oscar pistorius, showing he is man -- not a man capable of cold-blooded murder, that he would not have pulled that trigger knowing that reeva steenkamp was behind the door. the problem is that it is open that -- it has opened up to cross examination his character. >> his testimony could last several days followed by tough crap -- tough cross-examining t.
>> the cross examination will be another several days. it is hard to predict. this trial hasn't stopped the timelines. that's hasn't stuck to timelines. >> all right, thank you so very much for that update. two decades ago, one of the most horrifying chapters in africa's postcolonial history began, the rwandan genocide. the world looked on and did little as the ethnic majority, hutus, carried on a campaign of mass murder against the -- the tutsis. >> hundreds of thousands were massacred. the legacy of genocide very much remains. >> sorrow fell on the stadium. 20 years on, the pain is still
fresh year in the capital, kigali. relatives, survivors, and heads of states gathered in the thousands to your member what ban ki-moon -- to remember what ban ki-moon has called one of the darkest moments in human history. the genocide has left deep scars in the country's collective memory, but today is about reconciliation and moving forward without forgetting the past. >> history is history. we cannot forget about history but we are trying to build ourselves for the future. but we can't forget what happened. >> 20 years ago, a mass slaughter began in rwanda. the violence erupted after the plane of the then president, a hutu, was shot down. members of the ethnic hutu majority accused the tutsi minority of carrying out the attack. a cloud of shame still hangs over the community which watched
idly from the sidelines as the violence unfolded. the current president and his rebel army brought an end to the killings. he is calling for a national dialogue to heal the country. >> we listen to and respect the views of others. but ultimately, we have got to be responsible for ourselves. [applause] >> he has turned rwanda into a rapidly growing economy, and though he has faced criticism for his authoritarian leadership style, rwandans remain hopeful about their future. >> and our correspondent attended the commemoration ceremony in her wanda. he sent us -- in rwanda. he sent us his impressions of the day's events in kigali. >> the commemoration was something between commemoration and future. it showed that the reconciliation process has not
been finalized. during a theater play in the stadium which showed the genocide in 1994, dozens of people elapsed and needed to be brought out of the stadium. the president swore to construct the country for the future. he promised new laws and better technology, and he promised to be there at a local level to help the people, to empower them to build the country. but the role of france is not yet clear yet. he accused france again of not taking responsibility for their role in the genocide. the u n secretary-general, ban ki-moon, acknowledged that his ordination -- the u.n. secretary-general, ban ki-moon, acknowledged that his organization did not do enough. >> you can visit our website, dw.de/rwanda. >> months after the spectacular discovery of his treasure trove of art, cornelius gurlitt has reached an agreement with the german government on what will
happen to the collection. >> under the terms of the deal, the 81-year-old is allowed to keep all of the works that indisputably belonged to him. in return, he has granted the german authorities are mission to trace the originals of the other pieces. gurlitt inherited the paintings and other pieces from his fossil -- his father, who was an of ficial nazi art dealer. we are joined by our correspondent who has been following this story. how is this arrangement likely to go down with people who believe the gurlitt has work which belongs to them? >> many will be disappointed they only have a year to prove ownership. after that, the paintings that haven't been proved to belong to somebody else will remain in gurlitt's possession. gurlitt himself was not legally obliged to make this concession. he hasn't under german law committed a crime. he hasn't stolen any paintings
himself. even if he had, there is a statute of limitations in germany that no crime except murder can be prosecuted after 30 years. this is him facing up to what he sees to be his moral responsibility to give claimants the opportunity to prove that the paintings belong to them. that will not be easy to do. documentation was lost or the upheavals of the second world war. and gurlitt himself comes from a dynasty of art collectors, so it is quite probable that a large number of the paintings belong to him quite legitimately. >> thank you very much for that insight. >> a priceless faberge egg goes on display in london in mid april, the first time it will be seen in public for more than a century. >> the eight-centimeter high egg made of gold and studded diamonds and sapphires and containing a watch as well was last put on display in st. petersburg in 1902, believed
lost after the russian revolution, it made its way instead to the united states. a man bought it at a flea market for only $14,000 and intended to sell it for scrap. >> welcome back. the world's biggest democratic election has started in india where over 800 million people are eligible to vote. >> pulling will take place over the next five weeks. people in the northeastern states are the first to cast their ballots. the dgp party is tipped as the favorite to replace the governing congress party. there is also a new contender hoping to make an impact on voters who are disillusioned with the established parties and their inability to deal with rampant corruption -- rampant corruption. >> whether shirts, trousers, or traditional indian saris, there
is plenty of work for this seamstress and her employees. the 33-year-old dreamed of joining india's growing middle class and took on work to start her own middle -- her own business. she says it is getting harder to make her own payments. >> whichever party wins control, i hope they do something to improve things for the poor people in our country. people like us can hardly afford the basics. but first, something has to be done against corruption. otherwise nothing will change. >> fighting corruption is the central pledge of the aam admi party, whose name means common man. the party's message has even won over a member of the country's most famous political dynasty. rajmohan gandhi, a grandson of
india's founding father, mahatma gandhi, has decided to get active in politics. >> when i saw the country's situation, especially so many young people sacrificing their time and giving their money for little reward, then i said to myself, am i entitled to remain on the sidelines or should i also enter the battlefield? so i decided to enter the battlefield." the aap is led by arvind kejriwal. it is popular among working-class indians who feel betrayed by the established parties. he rapidly made an impact. after a surprise win in regional elections in the capital, new delhi, last year, he stepped down after just 49 days in office. during that time, he rode to work on the metro, instead of being -- going through the
streets with right-of-way. this woman and her husband have signed up to the new party. they are tired of always having to pay bribes anytime they want something done, whether getting a drivers license, visiting the hospital, or ensuring an uninterrupted power supply. the family scrapes by on about 140 euros per month. they accuse politicians of lining their own pockets. >> nobody has ever looked after ordinary people like us. arvind kejriwal does. he has pledged to crack down on corruption and he wants to lower the prices for food. >> the family hopes the new party can help make india a fairer -- india fairer so that, one day, their son will live in a country free of corruption. >> earlier i talked to someone from the hindu language service. i began by asking her if these elections could break the hold of the other parties, -- the two
indian political dynasties that have been governing the country for so long. >> we can't really say anything as of now for sure. the candidates have been vocal about being the next prime minister. rajmohan gandhi does not seem to know exactly what he wants. he is considered a candidate simply because he belongs to the gandhi family. you see posters all over. there are ad campaigns. when you look at the trend on social media, you find people making fun of him and his party. many people think he lacks vision and the will to lead. >> it looks like the small party that roast to cook -- rose to prominence could emerge as kingmakers this time. what can you tell us about this party? >> it is the aam admi party, the people's party.
corruption is the main issue for this party. we've been seeing a lot of anticorruption protests in india. there has been a rise in the populist anticorruption movement. we saw this in the recent state elections in new delhi where the aam admi party was victorious. they received many more points -- seats than anticipated. many are fed up with the ruling congress party. they have a tradition, if you look at the track record in the last 10 years. on the one hand, growth and inflation. there are reports of scams worth billions of rupees. all of this is adding to voter's frustration. they are looking for alternatives, and this parting is offering them this alternative. >> polls indicate there could be a change of power with the bjp under modi, possibly forming the next government. what could be expected from a modi administration?
>> india is getting 100 million voters this time. at least half our young people. -- at least half are young people. what young people want our jobs. he is playing that card. he is only talking about development that has taken place in his state. he has invited a lot of private investors to his state during his tenure. but he is not talking about the violence that has taken place in his town. he is being repeatedly accused of not acting responsibly during the riots in 2002. although his role in the riots could never be proved, the factor means that he is a hindu nationalist rather than somebody -- the fact remains that he is a hindu nationalist rather than somebody who can appeal to all. indians are at a loss right now. they have to choose between a party that is corrupt, the congress, a party that is associated with violence, bjp,
and a party that is trying to cater to their demands but is not strong enough, aam admi. there are a lot of smaller, regional parties as well. their role in making the coalition cannot be underestimated. let's see what is going to happen. >> thank you so much for your analysis. >> it is now 30 days since malaysia airlines flight 370 disappeared, exactly the length of time that the plane's black boxes are supposed to emit the pings used to locate them. >> signals have been detected in the indian ocean, described as the most promising lead so far. it could take days to confirm whether the underwater sounds are actually from the black boxes. >> the biggest industrial trade fair in the world is underway in the german city of hanover. more than 5000 companies are showcasing their newest
machines. >> chancellor merkel was in town for the fair. she undermined -- underlined germany's strong relationship with the netherlands. >> time for a check on the markets. it was a down day across the world for global indices. germany's dax closes the day in the red by nearly 2%. the euro stoxx 50 also took a drubbing. in new york, trading still underway for the dow jones industrial average, also in negative territory. the euro-dollar is currently on the up and up. $1 will get you 1.37 euros. father frans van der lugt became famous because he refused to leave the syrian city of homs. now it has emerged that the 75-year-old has been shot dead. >> eyewitnesses say he was taken outside, beaten and shot in the
head by a masked gunman. earlier this year, he appealed for food to be sent to homs, saying that people were weak from hunger. the vatican said that van der lugt was a man of great courage who had dedicated his life to the syrian people. people across europe are marking the 100th anniversary of the outbreak of world war i. we trace the scars they left and the images it produced. >> focusing on the leading artist from france and germany -- on leading artist from both france and germany gives a sense of the loss left behind both physically and emotionally. >> artists initially regarded the soldiers as war heroes. prior to 1914, war was viewed as the foundry of progress. it fascinated thousands -- countless painters. many of them had ties to both germany and france. the aftermath of that euphoria is the subject of this exhibition, called "human
slaughterhouse." the war destroyed artistic sties -- ties between two states. >> the two countries had a great deal in common. the german and french soldier lived in the same filth and share the same experiences. many say more -- similar features appear in the sketches and watercolors. >> above all, the artists tried to grapple with the sheer horror of war. they sketched the growth text -- the grotesque face of trench warfare and wrote "only death awaits us in these anonymous trenches." one french artist wrote, "we are all just living cadavers." it shows the wounds left behind and the traumas particular to each country. >> the first world war is firmly fixed in the french consciousness in a very different way to the german one.
that's because the war took place on french soil. >> the french still call it the great war. one of its foremost symbols for them was this cathedral, damaged by german shellfire, where once french kings were crowned. this is the city where they planned to open the exhibition when it travels this fall. >> hollywood actor mickey rooney has died at the age of 93. the pint sized star broke into the film business when he was 10 years old. he went on to win many prizes, including an honorary oscar for his life's work back in 1983. >> he will be remembered for a versatility that security and roles such as audrey hepburn's neurotic neighbor in "red fist at tiffany's -- breakfast at tiffany's." >> thanks for watching.
>> rwanda has been remembering its ost brutal period in history. thousands two part in a ceremony 800,000 victims saocidgenocide.now was direct sident over who he blamed for the blood shed. we have this report. >> a simple and poignant gesture rwandan president and wife moonlit a flame 800,000rating more than