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tv   France 24  LINKTV  May 19, 2015 5:30am-6:01am PDT

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counterattack against islamic state militants in ramadi the city captured over the weekend. the u.n. says thousands of people were forced to flee as a result. election watch -- yingluck shinawatra in court, police not guilty. burundi's army deployed on the streets. the president sacked several officials but failed to calm her test -- protests.
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a bargain or bust? the chinese website accused of selling counterfeit luxury goods. we bring you the latest movie lineup at the cannes film festival. we take a look at when this like to cover the red carpet from a photographer's lens. ♪ first, baghdad has called on shia militia to help drive islamic state militants out of ramadi. iraqi forces abandoned the city over the weekend. a major setback against the extremist -- in the fight against the extremist group. using shiite militia is a risk. it could flare sectarian tensions. baghdad and washington have few other options. france 24 reports. >> with its own troops forced to
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flee ramadi in the wake of an islamic state takeover, baghdad had little choice. asking shiite militias to lead the counter offensive against i.s. conservators. some 3000 militiamen gathered monday near ramadi the capital of anbar province which borders syria, jordan and saudi arabia. >> we will be a backbone for security forces. an impenetrable fortress. we will support the legitimacy in iraq represented in the government and parliament. >> support from shiite groups was courtship -- was crucial when forces recaptured tikrit. concerns were raised after reports of shiite soldiers committing human rights abuses. the fall of ramadi is the biggest defeat for iraq's government in that dad since
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they launched an operation last summer following the islamic state's victories in the north. a setback for the us-led coalition against i.s. targets across iraq and syria. >> it is going to take longer and we are going to have to work with shia militias, finding someone to regulate them so the more controllable ones can be worked into the battle plans. otherwise we will have to see and privatization, which raises fears among the sunni. >> the decision to use the militia in a bid to retake a sunni city could raise is still the -- hostility. many are backed by iran, creating an unlikely military alliance. molly: for more, i am joined by france 24's wasim, he specializes in jihadi movement speed walked us through. we have the shiite militia on a
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counterattack in ramadi. who are the people? >> these missions are made of fighters, especially from southern iraq. those militias were reactivated in a way because they were involved in the civil war by the end of 2008 and 2009. a sectarian war between sunnis and shia. the even fought the americans. they are reactivated and given new names like the one we saw today, trying to reach ramadi from najaf. they are the brigades -- the peace brigades. they are the same people who are given arms to fight the jihadist. they are the only faction effective in fighting the jihadis. they're as ideological as the jihadis. molly: what's a timeline that we
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are looking at? >> taking back ramadi will take much time. it is not going to be that easy. ramadi is a sunni city, anbar is a sunni province. they succeeded in taking that -- back tikrit and it caused a lot of casualties. we know that anbar is a stronghold of jihadis. many leaders of islamic state are from anbar and ramadi. the solution was sunni motion fighting -- sunni militia fighting al qaeda. it succeeded at the time because it was fighting the jihadis -- fighting the sunni majority of the region. they were given arms money and
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were promised more participation in the political system in iraq. all the promises were not fulfilled. today even when the families of the sunni militiamen fighting the jihadis tried to rejoin baghdad to have shelter, they refused them entry. how can you imagine that people fighting the jihadis in ramadi are seeing their families in the desert and not being able to enter baghdad. even being threatened. why would you imagine they would keep on fighting? we saw videos of policemen in ramadi sunni militiamen fighting the jihadis. molly: could the strength of isis play into their hand? >> of course, because we have nothing to offer to the sunni population. youngsters are attracted. leaders are in baghdad or kurdistan.
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they do not reflect the public opinion. if you do not have anything to offer to the population, they will choose the side of the winner. the winner on the ground is islamic state. molly: walking us through the ongoing situation. thank you for the analysis. in syria, i.s. militants seized to gas fields northeast of the ancient city of palmyra. according to the u.n. human rights, this is key for assad's ability for electricity. it is a world heritage site. it is considered a gateway to iraq's anbar province. thailand's ousted prime minister was in court. the former leader of not guilty to negligence charges overa rice subsidy program. what is the latest -- it is the
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latest move against yingluck shinawatra her supporters say it is a mixture tight power. >> supporters turned out as the former thai prime minister entered the supreme court. yingluck shinawatra is accused of dereliction of duty in over seeing a rice subsidy scheme. she's entered a plea of not guilty. ms. yingluck: i'd like to say that our confidence -- the evidence and witness -- [indiscernible] >> this scheme paid rice farmers in rural areas where her party has most support twice the market rate for crops. analysts say the program was plagued with graft. yinbgluck says she was not
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involved in day to day operations and has defended it as an attempt to support the poor. she faces a maximum prison sentence of 10 years. yingluck was forced from office after a constitutional court found her guilty of abuse of power. weeks later, the military staged a coup that removed her government. yingluck says her enemies are conducting a witchhunt and the charges are politically motivated. molly: in other developments thailand's government has agreed to hold a public referendum on a newly drafted constitution. the referendum will likely delay the election that the government said it will take place next year. the military at the last the earl -- the military abolished the earlier constitution after the coup. a shakeup in burundi. president pierre nkurunziza has sacked his defense and foreign ministers.
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he has failed to calm protests against his rule. demonstrators remained defiant as local unrest sparked from the president's bid to stay in power for a third term. protests continuing today tuesday. some choose to take to the streets. the voices of independent media that criticized nkurunziza have remained silent. duncan woodside reports. duncan: brady has -- radios reflect action in bujumbura. since the night of the attempted coup private radio stations have not been transmitting. they have been attacks allegedly with heavy weapons. a pro-government station has also been destroyed. this leaves many burundians in despair. >> freedom of expression has been destroyed.
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because of the reaction of the government which monopolizes everything now. >> certain media were broadcasting information that was scaring people. now the media is not working. >> there are rumors which are spreading at the national level concerning the massacre of people who are against the fed mandate. nobody -- the third mandate. nobody has come to talk to us. duncan: rumors thrive in an information vacuum. a dangerous situation, according to the director of renaissance tv. >> it has created panic because the people are used to knowing what happens through 4 media outlets which are independent. people used to know everything about our country. they're avid consumers of local media. duncan: the absence of media
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casts doubts on the credibility of elections, according to observers. >> for us, it is fundamental. without media which expresses their own viewpoints politically and socially, and analyzes situations, criteria necessary for credible elections are not met. duncan: according to the presidency, all media houses are now at liberty to reopen. the presidency also says it is completely intolerable that radio stations and other media houses have been attacked regardless of whether they are pro-government or perceived to be antigovernment. molly: duncan woodside reporting. a deadly landslide in colombia. 62 people were killed and 40 others were injured in the country's northwest. hundreds of workers are involved
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in recovery and the president met with local officials. columbia's climate and mountainous landscape make it clear -- make it prone to landslides. an ambitious deal to fight global warming. angela merkel and francois hollande a with u.n. deal. paris will host a climate summit in december. over the past two days, informal talks have been held in berlin. the eu's biggest economies urging other countries to do their part. germany is europe's largest economy but also its biggest co2 emitter. no more military hardware for u.s. police barack obama has banned departments from using certain types of military gear. armored vehicles on tracks, camouflaged uniforms and grenade launchers will no longer be supplied.
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the move follows by american unrest over police brutality especially in minority communities. france 24 reports. >> restoring trust between the american police and local communities, that is barack obama's newest challenge. president obama: we are releasing new policies on the military style equipment at the federal government has in the past provided to state and local law enforcement agencies. it can alienate and intimidate residents and send the wrong message could we are going to prohibit some equipment made for the battlefield that is not appropriate for local departments. >> at the heardt of this process, the 1033 program launched in 1997 that enables the transfer of surplus military equipment to civilian law enforcement agencies. law enforcement, it comes almost free of charge and must be
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returned if it is not used within a year of delivery. initially intended to help with the war on drugs, the program has seen more than $5 billion of military grade weapons such as m-16 rifles and tanks transferred to local police forces. critics say 1033 has been a factor in deteriorating relations between police and communities in america. the issue of military station came under the spotlight last year in ferguson, missouri. in this small town of 21,000 inhabitants, the local police force of 54 officers was equipped with short barreled assault carbines, precision scopes and armored vehicles. the new policy will not scrap the program altogether but will seek to impose restrictions and limitations as to what kind of equipment can be transferred. molly: 15 minutes past the hour. let's get a check of the headlines.
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shiite militia prepare for a counterattack against islamic state militants in ramadi. the iraqi city captured by extremists ever that we can. the u.n. says 25,000 people have been forced to flee. yingluck shinawatra pleads not guilty at the start of her trial. the former thai prime minister in court on charges of negligence. burundi's army is deployed on the streets of the capital. the president sacked several officials after last week's attempted coup. he failed to calm protests against his rule. time for a business update. i am joined by stephen carroll. you will start with a legal dispute over knockoff luxury goods. steven: the owner of brands including gucci is selling alley bob for selling counterfeits. alibaba owns the site referred
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to as china's emergent -- v ersion of ebay. jack ma says he would rather work with the french group kering. >> from watches to handbags, some of fashion's biggest names have the prices too much. two fax that explain the demand for luxury goods that have their likeness. kering filed a lawsuit against chinese giant alley bob, saying -- alibaaba, saying its sites counterfeit from. jack ma shared his stance. >> it is regrettable that the company sued us. there will be no future commerce if we cannot protect copyright. >> alibaba has been criticized for not doing enough to
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stop counterfeits. taobao and tmall are similar to ebay and amazon. a search for gucci shows products of our likely knockoffs. the site says products that they are a likeness might not infringe on intellectual property rights. the group says it has 2000 employees dedicated to anti-counterfeiting and consumer protection and has spent 130 million euros to that end. the site' has a massive user base. since 2012, the proportion of counterfeits on alibaba has decreased but the overall amount has risen 2/3 to 130 million last year. stephen: the currency markets, the value of the euro tumbled against the dollar after a board member of the european central bank said it would step up stimulus spending in may and june. the ecb is buying 60 million
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euros. benoit coure said they would be spending more in may and june. it has driven down the euro one euro trading for just over $1.12 . down almost 1%. on the stock markets, a good boost for shares in france and germany. pretty significant gains on the cac and dax. a weak euro is good news for exporters and we are seeing shares react. a look at other stories. a french electricity firm says it will be making an offer for the nuclear firm areva. saying they will offer a market price and the two state owned companies need each other.
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deutsche bank reviewing whether or not it would move parts of british operations out of the country if the u.k. votes to leave the european union. it set up a working group to examine the impacts of the vote could have to deutsche bank includes 9000 in britain and is the first major lender to examine the consequences of a referendum on eu membership. ddrivers in germany beginning strikes today. from 3:00 p.m. local time with passenger trains affected from 1:00 a.m. wednesday. the night strike in the ongoing dispute over pay and working conditions. if you have ever wondered how much a tweak could be worth, some people are worth following. what is the activist investor carl icahn, this added $8 billion dollars to the value of apple. he says the company is grossly undervalued and could be worth as much as $240 per share, about
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84% more than it currently is. he believes the company's the value will increase with the likes of the apple watch, which is just starting to be sold. the twee benefitedt him, his shares in apple work up by more than $76 million. not bad for 140 characters. i don't think my tweets have that much impact. molly: thanks for walking us through. time for our press review. ♪ time to take a look at what is grabbing headlines. i'm joined by florence. we'll start with focus on the fighting in iraq surrounding ramadi. flo: the big story in the international papers, there's a photo on the front page of the british "independent" that shows fighting in ramadi, iraq's worst
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defeat in the war with islamic state according to the adequate independent." the fall might turn out to be a decisive event. the "wall street journal" agrees in their editorial today. they say the fall of ramadi is very significant. first, the defeat is a major defeat for the iraqi government. it opens up the gateway to baghdad. it is also a defeat for the white house according to "the wall street journal." it is proved that barack obama's halfhearted war against the islamic state is not going very well. and "the wall street journal" is critical of obama's policy against islamic state. it says halfhearted wars rarely end in victory. molly: another top story is the ongoing migrant crisis in the bay of bengal. an unowned number of people -- an unknown number of people trying to drift from myanmar to
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indonesia and china. flo: a french paper reports on what is happening on the boats. it is unclear how many there are. at least seven of them with hundreds of migrants. a chilling quote which actually spoke to a witness of what is happening on the boats. it likens the boats to slave boats. people are severely malnourished according to survivors that have made it onto the shore. the same survivors report about deadly fight on board over food. a horrible situation you can read more about. molly: aid agencies are talking about the seriousness of this crisis. flo: specifically the fact that the countries in the region are refusing to accept the migrants. back to the french paper, they point out that south asian countries are tossing around the problem like a hot potato. they will not allow boats to make landfall, avoiding
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responsibility. the u.n. has condemned the refusal of the southeast asian countries to rescue these thousands of migrants. in the meantime, aid groups are trying to help. they are actually struggling to locate the boats. "the guardian" reports that local fishermen are stepping in to fill what "the guardian" cause a humanitarian void. it is a very touching story. a quote from one of the fishermen, "if we find someone with help them"." molly: to france, news of one of the survivors of the charlie hebdo attack is calling it quits. flo: luz gives an interview to "liberacion." you can see a quote from the interview. "i will no longer be charlie hebdo, i will always be
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charlie." he was supposed to be at the editorial meeting and was saved by the fact that he celebrated his birthday the night before and got to the meeting to late. incredibly moving. he describes the aftermath, how much his life changed. he lost his colleagues and some of his best friends in the charlie hebdo attacks. then he became the living symbol of the "je suis charlie" movement that became instrumental eyes by all sorts of people. a lot more than he bargained for. he explains that he had to keep drawing and keeping the magazine alive. "it became torture" he says. i spent nights haunted by the ghosts of some of the cartoonists who died. what would they had done, it was exhausting. "liberation" goes on to say he says "the weight of it all became too heavy for my shoulders." molly: coming out with a book
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this week. flo: read more about it in this interview with "liberation." he explains that he had to keep drawing to stay sane. very tough thing for him to do. he drew about his thoughts everyday life. he compiled all the posts into this book, "catharsis." it comes out tomorrow. i got a sneak peek.
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mike: as the old adage goes, "you are what you eat," from the benefits of an anti-inflammatory diet to the "engineering" of addictive snacks to what our food vocabulary says about our culture. food news is on the menu this week. i'm mike walter in los angeles. let's take it full frame. dr. andrew weil is one of

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