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tv   France 24  LINKTV  May 29, 2015 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT

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iscernible] >> i hope that fifa will realize football is for the world. i hope for the best. i hope the number builds up to
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where we had a real change in the organization. host: the election comes after several top officials were arrested in their hotels. they are accused of taking millions in bribes allegedly in exchange for lucrative media and marketing rights. he said he was not responsible for the crisis and after the vote he promised to make fifa stronger. take a listen. >> we are making changes. i said now god allah or whoever is the extraordinary whatever it is that we believe theyw will help us to bring back this fifa where it should be. i tell you and i promise you and
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my term i will give this fifa to my successor in a very strong position. host: for more on this developing story, let's talk to ian herliman. fifa has long been embroiled in scandal. >> it is a lack of personal credibility we saw. a friend of blatter came out and asked him to resign. it will be extremely difficult. he needs to rebuild trust. but right now, with so many
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people against him, it is extremely difficult to see how he will do that. host: you mentioned the sponsors and nike is in big trouble, allegedly involved in the scandal. the case that is being led by the fbi. ian: let's not underestimate the power of these sponsors. fifa released figures between 2010 and 2014. something like 4 billion euros worth of revenue, one billion euros coming from sponsors. that is where the power for changes going to come from. it is ironic that [indiscernible] it may be money that gets them out of it as well. they do not want to be associated with this sort of incident. host: thank you for that.
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vowing to crush boko haram. his number one priority would be to find the hundreds of women who were kidnapped. john kerry tweeted -- reporter: the transfer of power. on the left outgoing president goodluck jonathan. on the right, the man who beat him in nigeria's march 28 elections. he was sworn in the midst of much pomp and pageantry friday. at 72, this is the second time he is at the helm of nigeria. 32 years after his military
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dictatorship he now calls himself a born again believer in democracy. adored in the more -- muslim north and having benefited from the support of the south my he has vowed to combat the insurgency that has plagued the country. >> surrounded by dignitaries, he said he was basking in the reservoir of international goodwill. a sentiment expressed by french for the -- the front foreign minister >> this election was absolutely exemplary. everything went well. there were no disruptions. the outgoing president him -- accepted his defeat so this was a positive example for all of africa. reporter: he has vowed to tackle nigeria's dismal economy and
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widespread corruption. much to the joy of his supporters. flat out of money with the $60 billion debt africa's largest oil producer in largest economy is also troubled by a fuel shortage. one that its new president has sworn to straighten out. an explosion has rocked the capital of the run. no casualties have been reported so far. amateur footage shows charred vehicles in the streets. authorities say they do not know the cause of the blast but the country has been hit by a wave of antigovernment protests for more than a month. many are wary of the bid to seek a third term. the election is expected to take place on june 26 and the president says he will not back down. david cameron wraps of his two -- tour of you areeurope.
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seeking as much support to reform the european union. he said he prefers the u.k. to stay in a reformed eu but only if demands are met. he is expect it to carry out a referendum in 2017. angela merkel seems confident they would find a deal by then. >> david cameron wanted support for his moves to put the brakes on eu integration so on the final german leg of his to her, the british prime minister may well have found it. >> we have states that have not opted out in certain areas. denmark in the u.k.. this is to speed -- this is a reality today. we do not want to exclude anyone. the people say i do not want to be a -- in on this project, it is possible. reporter: the united kingdom is facing a referendum over whether to pull out of the european
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union. seeking ammunition to use against his own parliamentary skeptics, cameron wanted a sign europe could be ready to meet his country halfway in reforming eu treaties. it would give national parliaments back a certain measure of sovereign powers. david cameron: it needs the flexibility of a network come and not the rigidity of a block. it should date different nationstates with different desires and beliefs and what the right outcome is. reporter: many european leaders have indicated a want the u.k. to remain within the political block. he is still facing resistance on certain france, notably when it comes to placing subscriptions -- restrictions. a subject that will likely, under discussion along with other potential reforms at a full u.s. -- au summit next month. host: stay tuned because we are reporting from nigeria.
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he will talk with the new ig and -- nigerian president. reporter: we are here for the inauguration of the nigerian president and the first peaceful transition between the parties. a crossroads for the nation with passengers coming and going to all points. the bus station, the target of a boko haram attack. boko ram one of the charges -- challenges that face is the new president as citizens look forward. >> i am expecting more
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things. [indiscernible] i am expecting more from him. >> we need power. we need good roads. the governor -- the government that is going out [indiscernible] reporter: you can hear high hopes and a bit of frustration from people who have been right -- getting ready. youare are a poet and novelist and campaigner. i want to thank you you can
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get solar powerto to nigeria. we will be talking about that little later on. you were a former advisor to one of the previous presidents government's on the issue of energy policies and we will be broaching that later. teaching at babcock university in nigeria. thank you for being here with us. and our next guest who works as special advisor to the west african regional body on developing manners. working with the german development agency. thank you for joining us.
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they have been in thenews -- in an is for all the wrong reasons. before we talk about the boko haram, the whole world was watching this election. theques question is, what went right? the loser would not concede. we had a graceful concession in the change of power. think a lot of it has to do with just how bad the previous administration was. a lot of people did say for instance, a lot of the votes the president got were anti-jonathan votes and indeed, there was that. it is not something that one can
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disregard. i think more than anything, it has got to do with timing. it has got to do with the fact that nigerians have had enough. they wanted something different. they wanted something that someone who could take the country forward and i think that is what went right. iw was amazed to see the sort of support he got. even in cases you would not expect. people were ready for a change. reporter: people did not vote along traditional lines as much as they thought they would. we heard those people speaking earlier about their frustrations and hopes. are the expectations too high? >> differently the expectations are extremely high precisely because they are high,the they areat at risk.
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i think the expectation is about a change of attitude. they want to see a government that begins to work, that begins to correct rings. nobody expects nigeria's problems can be addressed adequately for a period but nigeria expects a change where we have the delivery of the goods [indiscernible] reporter: we know that nigerian politicians are changing but do you think citizens are changing? >> yeah, expecting a different approach to addressing the problems. the leave of nigerian citizens
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is that government does not care about the concerns about their problems. and that is the change they want. a government that cares. reporter: is that mission impossible? >> i do not think so. i think that the recent elections have shown that. if you look at elections generally in history of nigeria we have not had a lot but it is rare to see a situation where an incumbent is defeated by the opposition. i think from the results of the election itself, it is proof that it can be done. it is not going to be an easy task. there is a lot to be done. i think that is partially why the president is trying to manage expectations and has decided to focus on three key areas where these are the the priorities. it is a lot broader than that.
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reporter: managed -- manage the expectations. people really thought there would be chaos. did you think there would be chaos? >> i had my fears but i also happen to have insights from someone who is close to the ex-president when he became -- he entered the acting president. what do you think the legacy will be and he said he would like to leave a legacy of free and credible elections. horeporter: [indiscernible] >> he wasn't secure in the position so he could be a bit more magnanimous and he was concerned about his grip on
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power. to come back to that you have to give him credit for that. you have to give him a large piece of credit because they did not have to do it. reporter: did you give him credit when you see what happened in other countries in africa? the list is long. >> just doing what is normal why should i give him credit but yeah. [inaudible] it doesn't seem right. reporter: the whole world will see the fact that now you have neighboring states taking part in the fight but the nigerian
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army is not what everyone thought it was. you have lots of displaced people in the northeast of the country. what are the expectations in the northeast? >> i think the new government understands clearly the huge crisis that we have where internally displaced persons are concerned. ahead of the international red cross basically confirmed that it is the third largest humanitarian crisis in the world so it is huge and they are aware of that. reporter: everyone has to fend for themselves now. >> what has been done on the ground it is not enough. approximately 1.5 million idp's within and 50 300,000 refugees
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in neighboring states. there are 13or or 14 camps. they are in informal settlements are living with relatives. it is a huge burden. it is not just the government making efforts. it is also individuals. they have to be -- there has to be some sort of concerted effort some coordination of addressing the problem. reporter: you have to defeat boko haram. >> it has to be done in parallel. you cannot do one first in the other. otherwise you're not addressing the problem. reporter: how did you get to this point where you have to bring in mercenaries to help what is supposed to be the biggest army in the region? >> the former president did make the point that technical
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experts, raising the crab -- capacity of armed forces that they have not used previously. i think, how did we get here? we got here very slowly and gradually. the point about this country is that we have had 35 years of decline in the sense of [indiscernible] the first dramatic decline is the capacity to raise revenues to bring popular goods. we lost the public service, the capacity to implement policies and that is how we became a country with beautiful policies and a total incapacity to implement the policies. then the question of corruption
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came in. i think it was max weber that was making the point that corruption gets to a point where they become incapable of forming basic functions. including the exercise of state power. but we got to a stage with our armed forces where during the civil war, there was no minister of defense in this country. the minister of defense was only appointed a few months ago. procurement of arms was being done through individual commanders and people were being given cash to go around the world and purchase them. there was a total collapse of government. there was no system.
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it takes a lot of skill and determination to destroy a state. goodluck jonathan had the skill and determination to finish the destruction of the nigerian state and that is why the new administration has a huge task ahead of it to rebuild and reconstruct the nigerian state. >> it endured [inaudible] and i would support most of what he said but i would add one caveat. there was a deliberate policy to emasculate the military in order for it to prevent it ring a political intervention or a coup d'etat. that affected the readiness of the military to address emergencies such as boko haram.
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it wasn't designed to fight in insurgency of this nature. they have had readiness issues to fight such an enemy. and there is political will. boko haram emerged in the early 2000's. it was allied to a political candidate. the inability of the government to track this [inaudible] problem, just the callous negligence of the past administration to step up when the problem became quite acute
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was what brought us to this point right now. all of that is on the back of everything that was said about the decay of the state from revenues to the administrative capacity of the state and the enforcement capacity of the state. it is interesting to note that between 1966 and 1970, before the oil revenues started to flow in 1972, nigeria was able to prosecute the civil war without doing it to death. that was all because the state was able to raise revenues. it had a ready fighting force. and it had the ability to project that power. >> this is a history, you have been on the receiving end of. the president the new president of nigeria was a coup d'etat leader in 1983 and he jailed
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your own father and yet you campaigned for him. explain to us. >> it does sound rather crazy. my father was a civil engineer. in december 1984, he was jailed. i was at school in the u.k. we came back to nigeria to find my mother looking extremely sad. my father was not there to pick us up. we get to nigeria and we are in the car and i said to my mother, where his dad? and she said he is in jail. you can imagine how that plays out in the mind of a 10 or 11-year-old. for the next six months, it was just pure hell for my family because we lost everything. my mother went into manic
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selling of all the goods and all the equipment that my father had. everything had to go. it had a very negative impact on our family life. i could not go back to school in edinburgh. i had to start school in nigeria which was not too bad. i thought it was quite exciting. and so you can imagine how over the years i built up this bitterness about that particular♪
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is the world cup of fraud, and today we are issuing fifa a red card. anchor: in what's been described as the largest scandal in modern sports history the u.s. justice department indicts 14 people tied to soccer's governing body fifa accusing them of racketeering wire fraud and money laundering conspiracy. we'll speak to sportswriter dae

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