a shooting at an african-american church. president obama says he feels heart ache and out rate. the earth is beginning to look like an immense pile of self. the pope sets up pressure on world leaders to do more. he says consumer throwaway culture is hurting the planet and the poor. hundreds of volunteers dress up
for europe's biggest historical reenactment as france, britain, and belgium mark 200 years since napoleon met his match at waterloo. we begin in the united states where a man accused of shooting dead nine people at an african-american church has been caught i police. 21-year-old dylann reporter: --dylann roof who was white, is believed to have said and prayed with his victims for an hour before opening fire. six women and three men were killed, among them the pastor, who was also a state senator. for more, we go to charleston. what is the latest where you are? reporter: i'm just outside the church, and for the first time, we are to get right up close to
it. the street has been reopened, and people are finally being allowed to get close to the church and leave flowers. already, a lot of people have been coming back and forth to the church, people of all races leaving flowers behind and paying tribute to these victims. there's a reason why the road has reopened. it's because the suspect -- the only suspect --has been detained. as you said, dylann roof, the 21 euro -- 21 year old white man was detained relatively easily and the town of shelby, north carolina about four hours from here. he's accused of killing those nine people in this church right next to me at this point. we have seen a few prayer vigils today. no protest, as such. it might just be too early. we've seen a lot of tears, a lot
of people paying tribute, and a lot of people trying to come to terms with exactly what happened. laura: this happened at an important church and historic church, much loved by the african-american community. have you had a chance to speak with people? have they told you how they feel about these murders? philip: there are certainly some outspoken people at this point. there are those who have said they have simply had enough. when they say enough, i talk about african-americans outside of this church who want to give us their opinion. there are those who say they have had enough of racial violence against them, against african-americans in the united states. there are many contexts to put this in. most recent one of police killings by white officers against unarmed black men -- this is, of course different but the most recent context to put this in. there's the wider context of
violence against african-americans and hate crimes. this, of course, being investigated as a hate crime. that shows us what the nature of this might lead in the end. remember the pictures we have of dylann roof, some of him come from -- some of them come from his facebook account, and he seen wearing a black jacket emblazoned with the flags of apartheid. that is the context that people are seeing. based a white man who stormed into a predominantly black church and wanted to kill black people, essentially -- they see a white man who stormed into a predominantly black church and what to kill people, and that is what he ended up doing. it has only been around 17 hours since the actual shooting happened, and people have decided to come together. they are literally holding hands, and that is what we see
outside of the church here over the last two hours. laura: thank you very much. in other news, there's to be no grace period for greece, in the words of the imf chief christine lagarde, who said that if athens misses its payment at the end of this month, then it will be in default, which could mean greece will have to leave the eurozone. the government has been in talks with international creditors trying to find a solution. the deadline for the deal now just 12 days away. today, conversations and it once again without any agreement. there's speculation the greek prime minister has gone further afield to try to secure financial aid for greece. reporter: fears of a grexit, debt talks at an apparent standstill, in trouble with the rest of the eu, greece could be turning to russia for financial help. tsipras is in st. petersburg for
the international economic forum . the greek prime minister is expected to meet with president clinton -- president putin on friday, and many expect both men will talk business. >> it's a great opportunity to convene both the russian and greek economy as well. reporter: this comes as eurozone ministers meet on thursday as creditors decide if they should unblock the last tranche of a massive a lot to prevent the country from going into default -- massive bailout to prevent the country from going into default. chancellor merkel: i'm convinced that where there's a will there's a way. if political leaders and greece
show this will, an agreement with the european commission ecb, and imf can make it possible -- if political leaders in greece show this will. reporter: greece has less than two weeks left before it's bailout program expires. laura: it's too close to call in denmark according to exit polls. the centerleft prime ministers running for reelection expecting a tough challenge from the former prime minister, who is promising tax breaks and tougher controls on immigration. up to 1/5 of danish voters were said to be undecided going into this election. serbia's prime minister says he is shocked by hungary's plans to build a fence along the border designed to keep out migrants from the middle east and africa, who have been using serbia as a point of entry into the european union. reporter: if you come to
hungary, you cannot take hungary and jobs -- that's one of the messages of a governmental billboard campaign to keep illegal migrants out -- if you come to hungary, you cannot take hungarian jobs. >> the government has decided to instruct interior minister to immediately start preparing the plan to seal the hungary and-serbian -- hungarian-serbian border. reporter: hungary says it can no longer wait for eu members to find a common solution to its immigration problems. according to hungaryian authorities, more than 4500 people have entered illegally this year, most coming through serbia, which is not an eu state. >> 26 years after the iron curtain fell and the berlin wall fell, it's there he said to see -- it's very sad to see in
hungary a new iron curtain is being built. we are very said the government took this direction and migration management. reporter: serbia dismissed talk of building its own wall but said it could not deal with the issue without assistance. >> i call on eu countries to help us to give additional assistance. most migrants are coming through eu countries like greece and bulgaria. reporter: greece and bulgaria, two countries who have their own border fences with turkey in the hopes of stemming the flow of illegal immigrants. laura: a record 16 million people were forced to flee their homes last year as violence raged across the middle east and north africa. the united nations says there are 8.3 million war refugees in the world and there were in 2013, the highest ever increase in a single year -- 8.3 million
more refugees in the world than there were in 2013. more than half our children. lawmakers have voted down a controversial election reform bill after the regions most turbulent year since the end of british rule. the plan would limit free elections of hong kong's leader and were seen as a setback for democracy -- was seen as a setback for democracy. reporter: holding high and umbrella, the symbol of hong kong's democracy movement, opposition lawmakers stood high in parliament, defeating the bill at the heart of the recent turmoil. the vote came at the end of hours of fiery debate. >> for the sake of hong kong's democratic development and the right to vote for 5 million people, i urge members of parliament to support our proposal. >> representing the democratic party, i oppose this motion
moved by the secretary for constitutional and mainland of ayers. this is a motion for fake universal suffrage. reporter: the bill needed at least 47 votes to pass. only 37 were present after many lawmakers walked out. the proposed package would have allowed lawmakers to directly elect their leader for the first time in 2017 but would limit candidates to those vetted by a panel of lawyers -- of loyalists. >> democracy [inaudible] we should try to figure out how to get our rights. reporter: the announcement sparked mass rallies and riots. laura: the earth is beginning to
look like an immense pile of health -- strong words from the pope this thursday, who tweeted that message to his followers -- the earth is beginning to look like an immense pile of filth. today, he delivered his first papal document on the subject, saying it time for people to end the throw away consumer culture that is doing so much damage to our planet. reporter: a plea for the world to listen to the cry of the earth and the cry of the poor. pope francis's enclyclical called for decisive action to stop global warming. vatican called on a number of experts as consultants including a man who is credited with the recommendation to keep mobile warming be flow -- below two degrees celsius. he applauded the document. >> the encyclical gives an account of the science.
i can testify that everything excited is in line with scientific evidence. reporter: pope francis has been vocal with the message of the acquittal even on twitter -- the message of the encyclical, even on twitter. he says poor nations have been disproportionately affected by climate change. >> while it points out major challenges, and i think heartbreaking evidence of devastation and destruction from our collective action, i actually take it as a very hopeful document because it talks about the potential of us to reverse the course. reporter: it is addressed to all, but as pontiff, pope francis is directly addressing the more than one billion catholics in the world, even those followers who have long design -- long denied the existence and effects of climate
change. laura: 200 years after napoleon fell at waterloo, commemorations have been under way at the sight of the battle in belgium. the king of belgium watched over a lifelike reenactment with hundreds of soldiers complete with bayonets. the battle of waterloo changed the course of european history and is still considered one of france's greatest military defeats. i'm joined on the line by a french history specialist to talk more about that. thank you for being with us here on "france 24." this battle has been glorified over time, but in actual fact it was a pretty hideous bloodbath, wasn't it? michael: there were some which were worse, but, yes, it was a horrendous battle in a limited space over a short time. laura: what exactly went wrong
for the french? at the time, france was the most important power, wasn't it? micheal: france was confronting a coalition of other powers including prussia, and indeed, the british army itself contained large numbers. probably more germans fought than french. certainly, more germans fought than british at the battle of order loop. had napoleon one waterloo , he would have faced the challenge of confronting the russians and austrians, who were marching from the east of europe. it's very difficult to envisage napoleon having survived that campaign. laura: would you say that europe would look very different today if napoleon had won? micheal: i don't think so.
i think some british people think we would be speaking french now and our favorite shoes would become a bear, not cheddar, but or napoleon's defeat -- our favorite cheese would be camembert not cheddar but for napoleon's defeat. i think they would have worn down france in a war of attrition. i think the prospects of a french victory in 1815 are really zero. laura: some french politicians say napoleon would have approved of the modern-day european union . what do you make of that? micheal: i don't think so. the french empire that napoleon created -- it was about domination. it was france's first -- as a
historian once put it, it wasn't uncommon market. things were skewed in favor of france. it was not a relationship of equals, which is how the european union is supposed to function. laura: thank you very much indeed for joining us and talking about the battle of waterloo 200 years ago. a quick reminder of our top international stories -- a white man has been arrested in the united states after a massacre at an african-american church. nine people died in the shooting in charleston, south carolina, including the pastor and eight senator -- state senator. president obama says he feels heart ache and anger. the pope is ramping up pressure on world leaders to do more about climate change. he says consumerist throwaway culture is hurting the planet and poor. bringing the past to life hundreds of volunteers have been dressing up for europe's biggest
historical reenactment. france, britain, and belgium marking 200 years since napoleon met his match and fell at waterloo. those are the top stories we are covering for you now. here is some business is now. markus karlsson is with us in the studio. more and more comments coming from all sides of negotiations between greece and creditors. another day has ended with no deal in white. markus: we have been watching this euro zone finance ministers meeting. it was described beforehand as the last chance for greece to get his hand on a bailout tranche to the tune of 7 billion euros before it faces an imf payment later on this month. we are now hearing there will be an emergency summit of eurozone leaders on monday. that's prime ministers and presidents. these are the head honchos coming together, which is a significant development in all
of these greek talks. there was a little sign of progress, as laura was just saying, at the finance ministers meeting in luxembourg. the head of the eurogroup says he wants to see credible solutions from the greek side and the head of the international monetary fund was also there, and she echoed that. greece wants to get its hands on this lifeline. time is short. the greek government is not ready to sign up for the reforms that creditors want in return. let's listen to the two sides as they have been talking in luxembourg. >> not smoke and mirrors. it has to be tangible proposals that can be a substitution to proposals that have been put but from our perspective, it has to be credible because the imf
lends the money of 188 countries , and we are accountable to those countries, from the poorest to the richest. >> close to a state of mind that accepts an accident, and i urge my colleagues not to fall prey to this state of mind. we can forge a good agreement. our government is standing by with ideas and a determination to cultivate the two forms of trust necessary to end this greek drama -- the trust of our partners and institutions in our government and in our society and the trust of our people, both in our government and in europe's capacity to produce policies that will work for europe as a whole and which end the crisis. markus: that was the greek finance minister speaking a
short while ago after this meeting of eurozone finance ministers and the head of the international monetary fund. the prospect of a greek default seems to be putting pressure on the greek banking system, meanwhile. there are reports of greek depositors withdrawing cash from lenders as they fear for the health of their bank accounts, essentially, which seems to be raising the prospect of capital controls being put in place. we have this explanation of what capital controls are. reporter: a deal still has not been reached and athens' stock market is on its toes. >> there's a fear there could be capital controls or problems if there's not an agreement today or next week on monday or tuesday. reporter: if greece fails to make its payment to the imf at the end of the month, the country could face a false -- default, which would put greek banks under pressure and could be incentive for greeks to pull
their money out. >> capital controls stop people from withdrawing too much money from the banks. basically, you have a limit. it may be 300 euros a day, but it keeps the money inside the banks so they can continue to operate. reporter: there have been warning signs. deposits hit their lowest level in more than a decade in april with an outflow of 30 billion euros since october. the ecb has been increasing the amount of emergency credit it provides to banks. capital controls have been provided in the eurozone before, during the 20 13th to forget financial crisis -- during the 2013 cypriot financial crisis. it took tw's for the restrictions to be lifted, and deposits are down 35 percent compared to before the crisis -- it took two years for the restrictions to be lifted. markus: while his finance
minister went to luxembourg, the greek prime minister went to russia. alexis tsipras arrived in st. petersburg for talks with vladimir putin. tsipras also attended and economic forum in russia's second-biggest city. the visit is seen as symbolic but russia has said it has not received any requests for money from athens, and it's also seen as unlikely for russia to step in in any major way. >> russia is still very determined to hold onto its reserves, and it has been very careful about its lending. i'm not convinced that -- i think there will be moral support for greece. i would be surprised if there is very significant financial support. reporter: we've seen the greek situation weighing on the stock market in the past few sessions. that may have been the case this thursday as well, but still, we did see the european indices ending above the flat line with the dax in frankfurt ending 1.1%
higher. even the index in athens ended higher, around .4%. this as european markets really took their cue from the u.s. markets as the american indices got up in trading. we are seeing green arrows really across the board stateside as well. the nasdaq has even hit an all-time high during intraday trading this session. the nasdaq up 1.4% this hour. this comes as a fresh batch of data paints a positive picture of the u.s. economy. for instance, the number of people who applied for jobless benefits last week are now at a 18-year low -- 15-year low, i should say. there we go. shall we move on, shall we then to talk about some other stories ? shares of wearable device maker fitbit soaring.
it sold more than 22 million shares at $20 per stock. it was initially valued at about $4 billion. the company makes devices that monitor steps, calories, and other data. a hungry-based low-cost airline is buying 110 aircraft from airbus. they put in the order during the last traded at the paris air show. with that sale, airbus squeezed past boeing in terms of sales. guys from -- gazprom has outlined a plan to construct a new pipeline through the baltic sea. the russian company said it
rom pacifica, this is democracy now! >> at this point we haven't nine victims -- have nine victims in this crime that has been committed. >> do believe this was a hate crime? >> i do believe this was a hate crime. amy: a white gunman is still at large after killing nine people during a bible study at the historic emanuel african methodist episcopal church in charleston, south carolina. it is one of the largest and oldest black congregations in the south.