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tv   Quadriga - The International Talk Show  LINKTV  December 24, 2015 7:00pm-7:31pm PST

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even if they're intelligent and talented. if we could open a daycare center here that offers that, that would be wonderful. >> laura bosnea wants to do something new. she's what's known as a romni, a woman roma. in moldova, the roma are the poorest of the poor, and laura wants to change that. quite a challenge for the newly-elected city councillor in the male-dominated roma christopher: a very warm community. welcome to "focus on europe," the magazine that puts a fresh >> have you seen any woman going perspective on the continent, to a job here? and brings you the human stories behind the headlines. they're only at home, taking care of the children. my nameis christopher springate, and these are our top stories that's all. this week. why europe's young voters are flocking to the far-right. in our tradition, women don't work. they're supposed to raise the why russia's so-called children and cook. mono-cities are slowly dying. >> among the majority of roma in why migrants face months of waiting before they can build a the republic of moldova, women haven't played a role in public new life. life. laura was able to go into politics thanks to a united nations project that trained her and financed her campaign. wherever you look in europe, the
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far-right is winning support. hungary's populist fidesh party her parents supported her, which for instance, the radical people's party in denmark, and most recently, the front is not a matter of course. national in france. >> if your father decides, now, the f.n. may have failed to because you're a girl, you don't need any further education, then win a single region in sunday's that's it. you get married off and become a housewife, and not even your regional polls but its mother can change that. , underlying trend is positive. compared to the previous election, the front national has >> but laura bosnea wants to tripled its support. like other far-right parties, it's benefitting from widespread change exactly that, which is fear over the effects of mass why she devotes special immigration. attention to roma families with but it's also benefitting from many children. the failure of successive french governments to address the here she's visiting eugeniu in country's economic woes. riscani's poor neighborhood. he lives in this half-finished young people in particular complain they have no house with his wife and their perspectives. seven children, without electricity or running water. so for the lack of a better alternative, many are turning to eugeniu works as a day laborer, the radical right. and he and his wife collect nuts >> marseille has the highest that they painstakingly shell unemployment rate in france. and try to sell, a meager income. over one-third of young people their hands are discolored from here are without work. the nuts, but they don't want their children to help. enzo is fed up. they want them to go to school, he wants change, and is with clean hands. convinced the far-right front
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>> things were better before. national can bring it about. much better. he's a great admirer of marion marechal le pen, granddaughter we had a car, he always had work, there was something to do. of jean-marie le pen, the party's original founder. just 26, she's the rising star we had a better life. but since i no longer get of the french far-right and already a member of the french welfare, it's very hard for me, national assembly. for me and the children. she recently stood for election in the provence alpes cote d'azur constituency, which includes marseille and nice. >> moldova only grants welfare to people who register their residence, and that's expensive marion is young. for roma families, often too >> she represents a new era. exensive. she's the ideal face of the front national. laura wants to support this she performs well in debates and family so they can submit the upholds the party line. claims they are entitled to. her achievements are impressive. >> they are so poor they don't we're also young, and seeing a have proper flooring, and with young woman reach such heights small children. at such a young age is inspiring. i'll be glad when they finally get welfare again, and the children will have something to eat and to wear. >> the front national wants to see france leave the eu and a >> the young city councillor return to the french franc. will the young city councillor can't stay long. she has a meeting with the baron, the highest the party is convinced that the representative of the roma only way france can overcome the community, in the capital debt crisis is to go it alone.
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>> when we have political chisinau. , that's a great honor for laura parties ignoring french homeless bosnea, and an opportunity for some important lobbying. people and showing immigrants she hopes the baron will support preferential treatment, where is her work in politics. the fraternity in that? we're proud of our identity. we're taking the french flag wil>> we have to cooperate with that other parties have cast into the gutter and are holding it high again. the entire roma community. >> her insistence on france as if we don't do that, who else will? "la grande nation" goes down well with the younger >> laura bosnea's vision is for generation, even if it's a term everyone to pull together. most of them only know from she hopes that more roma women history books. will go into politics, even though the city doesn't have much money, and she has to fight >> we're taught in school that hard for everything, even basic we're a great people. things. there was the french revolution she's the only councillor who in 1789, we had napoleon, we had doesn't have a computer. the kings. but now france has relinquished its souvereignty to europe, but [laughter] we don't care about europe at that's all for this week from all. >> many young people are proud "focus on europe." we'll be back of french history. over a third of them voted for next week, of course. in the meantime, do send us your the front national in the first views and comments, on facebook, round of regional elections. for instance or on twitter. for now, though, thanks for in the south, the figure was watching, and see you soon. wñ"ú
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even higher. in recent years, the established parties have veered from one corruption scandal to the next. observers say they failed to address the crisis besetting domestic politics. >> france is the poor man of europe. not because the french are the worst off but because problems aren't being solved. there are 5 million people unemployed and no solution whatsoever in sight. and now, we have an identity problem. all parties, including the front national, like to cite the illustrious history of the french republic. the trouble is that france doesn't know how to find its place in today's globalised world. >> enzo and his friends are working round the clock, campaigning for marion marechal le pen. he agrees with her avowal that immigrants are responsible for the problems in france. marseille is traditionally
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catholic, but the city is now home to some 130,000 muslims. no party has managed to find ways that could boost their integration. the reality is that, rival gangs of drug dealers dominate the city's muslim neighbourhoods. >> former president sarkozy didn't follow his own words. he promised to clean up the immigrant neighbourhoods, but he didn't do anything. in cities all over france, there are neighbourhoods that even police dare not enter. >> for enzo, the front national is the only party that can help. it has no remedy for the high unemployment rate, but that doesn't seem to bother him. he thinks the problem will be solved once the party's in government. he has blind faith in the front national. but not all of its leaders are as charming as marion marechal le pen.
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stephane ravier, member of the french senate and a local mayor in marseille, orders enzo to stop talking to us, in no uncertain terms. >> you know what you can do with that camera. you like th press, do you? you've been with us eight days and you're already chatting away. you need to learn some discipline or you're out of here. >> i'll give you the mike back. >> so speaking to the press is a no-go. the front national's leaders are determined to control the party's lower echelons at any price. on the eve of the second round of regional elections, we can't find enzo at the party headquarters. he obviously hasn't been allowed in. marion marechal le pen gives a victory speech, even though she didn't win the seat. despite her defeat, she won't be softening her stance on immigrants, the press, the other parties.
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>> these cynical profiteers who think they can scare us off our path, to them i say, you're wrong. we will double our efforts and our fighting spirit is undampened. our love for france has never been greater. >> the far-right in the south of france has the wind in its sails. the front national now has three times more support than it did six years ago, mainly thanks to a younger generation that fears for the future, and is easy prey for populists and rabble-rousers. [laughter] so, young french voters there, clearly impressed by the populist recipes of the far-right. and the same can be said of young people across the continent. faced with mass unemployment, they are turning to radical parties. so the question is, what are the established parties going to do about it? and this is something we also want your opinions on, is europe
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doing enough to provide perspectives for its young people? send us your comments, via email or via facebook. and you'll find me on twitter @springontheroad. we turn our focus to russia now, whose economy remains in recession as it struggles with low oil prices and western sanctions. a less publicised problem, but an equally serious one, are russia's so-called mono-cities. [cheers and applause] these are urban centres often built around a single factory that provides all the jobs and even social services. once the backbone of the soviet naomi: hey. union's planned economy, many of these mono-cities are now in a hi, everybody. desperate state. chusovoy, for instance, one and um, so, we're actually going a half thousand kilometres eas of moscow. to start with a little video, uh, sort of trailer once a growing city with for the book, if you don't mind. flourishing steel works. today, it's fighting for survival. so roll the trailer. >> the miserable state of the roads in the russian town of chusovoy is a sign that the in december 2012, a complex local government doesn't have the money to fix the streets. system scientist walked up to the podium at the american
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the steel works the town depends geophysics union to present upon is operating at a fraction of its capacity. a paper. this is a dying city. the factory is not much more than a quaint reminder of the days when the soviet union was an industrial powerhouse. older folks who don't have much money struggle to survive here. most of the young people have moved away, and it's easy to see why. the local cinema shut down long ago. the entrance is overgrown. an air of despair hangs over the city. in the mid-1990s, when the privatization of the russian economy was in full swing, a wealthy businessman bought the factory, and made good money with it. some 10,000 people had jobs in the mines, the blast furnaces, and rolling mills. today, much of the factory stands idle. the director shows us equipment
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he calls new. it dates back to 1954. >> and this is 41-years old. >> this is the leaf-spring works. it uses modern robot technology. some of the output is exported to automakers in europe. the director says that this 136-year-old rolling mill plant will be up and running again in a couple of weeks. the director is reluctant to show us other parts of the factory. there are vacant lots where a dozen different production facilities used to be. a pipeline manufacturing project planned on this location never took off. >> oil prices have fallen, and the big oil companies aren't developing any new fields. furthermore, the construction
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costs for new processing facilities have doubled. >> one big reason for that is the steep decline in the value of the ruble. president putin visited the region three years ago, and later included chusovoy in a financial-assistance program. putin promised that the federal government would provide credit guarantees for people who invested here. the agreement was signed by regional officals and oligarchs. >> i would personally like to thank president vladimir putin. he made a personal decision to build this factory. >> the process of tearing down the old facilities went as planned, to make room for the new factory. but it was never built, the promised new jobs never materialised.
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thousands of people were thrown out of work when the old factory closed. but today, only few local residents turn up at a protest rally where local politicians call on moscow to take action. >> when putin came to power, he promised to create 20 million new jobs, but, with all due respect, i don't see any new jobs. in fact, the opposite is true. the old labor structures are being torn down. >> when president putin's "unity" party promised to build a new factory, many voted for it, but the reality now is sobering. >> we've had a lot of suicides here. >> how many? >> there are no official statistics. the politicians try to keep it quiet. the public doesn't know anything about it. >> amir sells a newspaper that he writes and publishes himself.
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he used to work as a reporter, but he was fired when he started investigating allegations of local corruption. he's not afraid of powerful politicians. >> he even sent a petition to putin. >> amir's work is well-known here. >> i print the paper myself. i'm retired now, and i cover the printing costs out ofmy pension, after my living expenses. >> he tries to put out an edition every other week. >> there's no free press here. i'm the only person in chusovoy who speaks out. >> amir says two new factories were supposed to be built here. one was supposed to produce pre-fabricated wooden homes. the state subsidized the project with a lumber concession.
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a cubic meter of wood cost just one-tenth of the normal market price. but the concession was not awarded to local lumber firms, but to a person who had close ties to the politicians. he turned around and sold the concession rights to someone else, at 14 times their original value. >> a real scandal. some big politician's idea. >> the two factories were never built. the banks refused the necessary loans. the lumber companies are paying more than ever for the trees. but no one wants to talk to us about all this. >> they're all afraid, but they don't know why. >> is that typical? >> yes, typical. >> and then it starts to rain. the city of chusovoy looks even more depressing now. most people here have given up hope that the new factories will
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ever be built, or that the streets will be repaired. [laughter] germany has taken in one million refugees this year, by far the largest number here in europe. chancellor angela merkel has faced strong criticism for the open-border policy responsible for that influx. she continues to insist however, "wir schaffen das," "we germans will manage." but what about the refugees themselves, will they manage? building a new life in a foreign country is no easy task. take ahmad shehabi, for instance, a young syrian refugee we accompanied five months ago, as he took the dangerous balkan route all the way to germany. we caught up with him again this week, and found out that immigration is first and foremost, a waiting game. >> ahmad shehabi is in safety, in germany. since he fled syria five months ago, he's lived in a small asylum-seekers hostel in the town of greiz in central germany. he had hoped to study and work
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in germany, but he doesn't have the necessary papers to do that. >> this is the most important place for all of us, this is the postbox. every day we look for it, if we have a post or not. our post here is for acceptance about residence or something like this. >> ahmad is waiting for the recognition of his refugee status. at the moment, he only has a temporary residence permit, and can't bring his wife to germany. the two fled from syria to turkey. ahmad left his wife there, and set off alone on the dangerous journey across the mediterranean. his wife was afraid she'd never see him again. >> i send her a message, that i am alive. she said, no, you are lying, you are not ahmad. if you are ahmad, just let me hear your voice.
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and when i called her, she started to cry. >> since then, ahmad has called his wife every day. >> hello. how are you? i miss you so much. >> ahmad's wife is living illegally in istanbul. >> this is hard. if we are lucky and she gets a visa in june, that it will be, we will complete one year without touch, without seeing ourselves, but we have to wait. >> ahmad is going to the city of suhl in thuringen. he wants to visit the reception center where he first arrived, and see what's changed since the summer, when thousands of refugees like him arrived. >> here, this is the camp. this fence is new.
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>> suhl has become mass housing for 1,800 refugees, three times as many as in summer. overcrowding makes some residents aggressive, and occasionally fighting break out. >> you can find a lot of problems here. but i like it here, because here you can find a lot of persons, different nationalities, different nations and different culture. and you can also make your experience with them. >> right after arriving in june, ahmad started working with the social services as an interpreter, and as an arbitrator between other refugees. he's still well-known here. >> wie geht's dir? alles gut? >> he was always there, always. you were there whenever we needed you.
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we rarely had to call him, he helped with everything, whether it was translating, or with the doctor, or with the reception process. he was always there. >> now ahmad is looking for something to do in greiz, but he feels very much like an outsider. refugees are not always welcome, and there have been attacks by neonazis. >> i heard some about their problems with the neonazis and also not just here in this heim, but also in other heims. >> but after his experiences in syria, ahmad is less afraid of neonazis than of religious fanatics. his wife is christian, and he's muslim. that kind of mixed marriage makes them a target for killing by the terrorists of is, which is why they fled their home. >> i am afraid of they bring these problems from the middle east or from other, here to germany. >> but ahmad is putting his
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faith in the german state, and hopes to make a fresh start here. rene petzold is helping him. he's asked ahmad to copy edit the arabic translation of the local bus timetable. >> we've met a few times now. it's been a good experience, and we've been able to get to know each other a little bit. >> ahmad is now at least able to travel and work in germany. but the uncertainty about his asylum status, and the slowly turning wheels of german bureaucracy cause him sleepless nights. >> we have hope, still hope about that, but it is terrible. >> ahmad wants very much to make a new life for himself and his wife in germany. [laughter] for europe's roma minority, discrimination is an almost daily phenomenon. in eastern europe, the situationis particularly bad, especially for roma women.
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the tiny ex-soviet republic of moldova is a case in point. in male-dominated families there, women have practically no say in how they live their lives. but now, a united nations programme called women in politics is helping them raise their voices and even run for office. we caught up with one roma woman who's been elected to the city council of rishkani. >> laura bosnea would like to turn this house into a daycare center for roma children. they don't have the same opportunities as other children in moldova. but bosnea keeps facing hurdles placed by both moldovans and roma. >> in our city, roma children and children from poor families, who aren't bathed properly or wear dirty clothes, are not allowed into the kindergarten. that is unfortunately the reality. children who have no money don't get into the advanced classes,
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