tv DW News LINKTV June 8, 2018 2:00pm-2:31pm PDT
>> this is dw news live from berlin. g7 leaders gathering and canada amid unprecedented tension. the host nation had wanted to focus on climate change and gender equality, but a trade war sparked by washington, and now a new proposal from donald trump sowing division among allies. germany and four other countries you know -- elected to the security council as nonpermanent members. they could exert a bigger
influence on world affairs. schoolchildren in berlin fasting during ramadan. opinions divided whether children should observe. we will ask muslim students how they feel about avoiding food and drink the between sunrise and sunset. germany heading to the world cup with a win under their belts. they defeated saudi arabia and their former -- final warm-up match. it was not all smooth sailing. ♪ >> i am sarah kelly, welcome to the program. the g-7 summit which brings together some of the world's most industrialized countries has begun in quebec. the summit was expected to focus on economic growth, climate change, gender equality and the ongoing dispute among traded
terrorists, -- trade and tariffs, but donald trump through another spanner in the works for a call to be russia -- russia to be admitted to the group. despite a show of unity as we can see behind me, some officials may not manage to' sin a final communique. mr. trump: russia should be in this meeting. why are we having a meeting without russia? i would recommend, and it is up to them, but russia should be in the meeting. you know? whether you like it or not, and it may n not be politically correct, but we have a world to run. the g-7, which used to be the g8, they threw russia out. they should let russia come back in because we should have russia
at the negotiating table. sarah: let's bring in our correspondent joining us from quebec. president trump wanting to have russia back, what is he trying to achieve? reporter: i think it was quite telling donald trump made these remarks before even arriving in canada, and at the summit, some european allies openly questioning whether this is a good -- the u.s. is a good fit for the club. he is trying to distract the attention from the disputed issues that are going to be discussed, trade, climate change. he is trying to send a signal to his allies here in canada that this g-7 summit is not as important as it might seem, that
it would be more important when russia would join the summit, the group again, and that he as u.s. president has more important issues to deal with like for example meeting with kim jong-un in singapore. sarah: he sent a signal but they have already replied. the reply has been strong. other leaders, the e.u. reacting to drop -- reacting to president trump, rejecting him. how far will they go in opposing the u.s.? reporter: at the m moment, especially the european seem to be determined to oppose this call for russia to join the group again, and they are trying to show that they are united. at the moment they are working on joint strategy how to deal with the u.s. president and how to deal with his aggressive
trade practices and policies. they met on the sidelines of the summit. it seems to have agreed on a common strategy at this point, this time. sarah: we have to mention there are a lot of other contentious issues on the table up for discussion including but not limited to trade, sanctions on iran, climate change, gender equality, the list is long. what are the chances of seeing a signed joint statement? reporter: to be honest at the moment it does not look like there will be a joint statement at the end of the g-7 summit. the german chancellor was asked what she thinks might be possible. she said she doesn't know and before the summit she was surprised it they would have an agreement, when this would water down what the group has agreed
on in the past, so at the moment, no one here can really say whether we are going to see a joint agreement in the end side while numbers. sarah: a lot of uncertainty. our reporter with this latest in canada, thank you. the united nations general assembly in new york as what it for germany and four other nations to become nonpermanent members of the security council. of the 190 nations taking part, 184 voted in favor of germany's two-year term along with belgium , south africa, dominican republic and indonesia. they have no veto unlike the five permanent members. the german foreign minister welcomed the result. >>'s want to be a presentable -- we want to be a presentable
voice in the security council but above all for the future in the multilateral world order and the world peace order. we want to live up to responsibility that comes with it and above all, we want to make a contribution to resolve conflicts and although crises to emerge. sarah: we are joined by barbara in new york. she is a member of the european parliament from the green party and has been following events at the security council today. welcome. do you see this result as something toto celebrate? barbara: yes. it is a goodod o occasion. it was a good result, and i think it shows the members of the general assembly have trustt in germany, that thehey can do a gogood job in nenegotiating, preventing wars, de-esescalatio. it is s good to hear from ththe german governmentt also o they e
a commitment, particularly to focus s on strengthening human rights, the space order -- thehe rules a shorter and more. it is promising. sarah: what do you want to see come out of germany's membership? barbara: when they startrt next year inn january, they shouldd focus that in all the conflict mediatation programs, the prevention worork, womomen are g included in the leadership with competetence and difference, whh is the securitity council resosolution 3025 and fofollowig resosolutions. because we see that very few occasions actually women in leadership positions are t there in the peace negotiations. i hope they will l do thiss activevely, and when they are on the grounund of otheher countri, they look to leaeadership, but
they also reach out to women who deal with women inin war situationsns and with chilildren war situations anand bringg this back when they w want to the negotiation table. what will come out and be the results. sarah: i am hearing a lot of hope, but i would like to inject realism. what can germany do as a nonpermanent member? the current situation, the institution cannot pass resolutions on the most basic rights issues like on chemical weapons use in syria. so can germany change anythinin barbara: thehey canannot changee whole system. but t they canmprove energy where there is, where there arae possibilities to find solutions. we have both syria -- the terrible situation and myanmar
with the running does being jtt the rushshing to -- what i is the internatioional community doing in holding those accountable for this situation? you can do stuff in n the secury council. yoyou are very w well-connectedn you are therere. also as a note -- nonpermanent member and you can try w with membmbers in the genereral asse, a s solution, comommission to ininvestigate such isissues. the membership does not change everything, but i if you have a commitment, then you can really try to change e for the bebette. it is s everything thahat is related,d, you have a military intervention or not, the main focus should be that you work on prevention, de-escalation and negotiation when conflicts arise. sarah:e know russia is often
the one that is vetoing measures . how far is germany willing to go? could it take russia off? >> i think r russia, chinana, al ththe members in the permanent security council have to be discussed and be asksk if in one or the other step theyey contribute to aa solution. that is the heart ofof diplomac. if you d don't do this and leave people out, you will not reach -- sarah: but other than discussing, we know ththere are already sanctions on russia. could we see further sanctions for example, in concrete terms? how ghgh can the p pressure go? barbara: i think the sanctions on russia you have too relate to the coconflict. we h have not debated this toda. germany will be also well advised if they dodo it step by step if nenew situations occur d not being so general.
sarah: thank you very much, joining us with the latest from new york. you are a member of the european parliament from the german green party and have been following even at the security cououncil today. we appreciate your insight. barbara: thank you. sarah: now javier is here from the business desk with a look at the trade factor some of the g7 summit. javier: we already know even though it just began that the main topic will be trade. the g-7 focus on trade disputes, it emerged at the same time that china's trade surplus with the united states jumped 12% in may. for the first fivee months of te year china's surplus with the u.s. with more than $100 billion. that figure may reinforce washington's decision to move forward with new tariffs on tens of billions of dollars of chinese imports next week. beijing has warned those tariffs would void agreement made
between the worlds largest economies over months of trade negotiations. our financial correspondent at the new york stock exchange sophie is standing by for us. what are the reactions where you are? sophie: that is the perception here. given what you say, victims, some might say bargaining, and he needs to bolster his view because he has many opponents even in his own party. trump is obsessed with anything that concerns the trade balance, trade deficit the source of all evil and problems. he is a protectionist. they complain about the united states trade deficit, but forget about the surplus of foreign investment capital or trade, the trade surplus. trade is not a one-way street where one country loses and another wins.
economists for once agree that these tariffs are going to hurt american businesses and consumers, and i would hurt the economy and gdp rose as well. javier: that would be a problem where you are. how did the market close and where is next week looking? sophie: this week it was all about trade. at the same time it was not. it can be confusing what the markets are making out a potentially consequential news. investors have simply been good in creating their own bio opportunities. there are concerns that they simply jump back into the markets the next day. lower prices, one economist i talked to said markets are not a good indicator for the u.s. economy. investors have money they want to invest and if they do it now while the markets are up, this is what is going on now.
the focus next week is going to be on the meeting off the fomc, and they would like to raise rates. javier: thank you very much, and have a good weekend. and let's talk about one of the big players, apple might be scaling back iphone production. a memo in which they alerted suppliers it was liable to be ordering 20% fewer components in the next production cycle sparking rumors. it is a problem for taiwan-based fofoxconn, one of apple's top suppliers. foxconn has major factories in china and has to deal with the follow from the u.s.-china trade dispute. the company is optimistic and say the dispute is not about trade but technology. foxconn's founder finds himself caught between the top economies, and he believes there is opportunity. >> i believe this is a critical
turning point, especially because of the ongoing trade friction between china and the united states. i believe this is not a trade conflict but a competition and comparison of technology. china lies behind the u.s., and that is why he wants foxconn to be a pioneer of china's smart manufacturing which leads on manufacturing and 5g telecommunication. he has reason to look forward. the small -- smartphone market is flattening out and apple is ordering fewerer parts. foxconn is building a new lcd display plant in wisconsin. this creates jobs in the u.s. and gives the company access to american technology. javier: if you are heading to tokyo, and we are looking forward to the cheap but comfortable airbnb, you might be in for a nasty surprise. i home sharing giant said japan's government has forced it
to cancel thousand of bookings ahead of a new lawaw on rentalsi the country. locals in more and more cities all over the world are angry about exploding cost and h housg shortatages which ththey say are fueled bplatatforms likee airbn. the california-based company has more than 4 million private rentals offer in 190 countries. that is all for business. now back to sarah and a case that has stoked germany's immigration debate. sarah: a fugitive is expected -- suspected of murdering a 14-year-old girl, been arrested in iraq now. he is only named as ali. he left iraq. he is being held by kurdish authorities. the case has ignited germany's politically charged debate on immigration.
reporter: they can't fathom what has happened. these people are grieving over the 14-year-old who lived there until she was murdered. the suspected murderer is a refugee from iraq. ali b. is the young man charged with the killing. he came to we spot in 25th -- wiesbaden and had been living in a refugee center. the parliament call for a moment of silence. the 2015 policy is to blame, they say. worries are outraged. >> the german parliament is a place for debate, not to use of victim to further your cause. you should be ashamed. >> i see no reason to use this tragic case to reflect upon individual political decisions or decisions from 2015 which society supports.
reporter: susanna's body y was found wednesday. by this time the murder suspect was no longer in germany. he and his entire family flew back to iraq, and is there he was arrested friday morning. >> the suspected murderer of susanna was arrested tonight, june 2018 by the kurdish authorities in northern iraq at the request of the german admiral police. reporter: the case has inflamed the debate of refugees. he was denied asylum 1.5 years ago and have launched an appeal that had not been processed. >> this shows once again rejected asylum-seekers must be sent home urgently. every individual who is required to leave are especially -- andd especiallyly criminals. reporter: german police are investigating the murder, but
politicians are debating how to get rejected asylum applicant to leave germany more quickly. sarah: muslims around the world are observing the dawn to dusk fast which happens during the holy month of ramadan, but opinions over whether children should take part are divided at least in germany. dw has been to is berlin elementary school where most of the children come from muslim families, and some are stricter than others when it comes to the rituals of ramadan. reporter: it is lunch time, but at this elementary school, these two cannot eat or drink water even though it is one of the hottest days all year because they are fasting. >> my mother wakes me up at 2:00 in the morning. i am allowed to eat their the time changes. there is an extra counter and i can eat until 3:00 a.m. then i go back to sleep. >> it is not that bad because i
don't get that hungry. reporter: most of the children in the school come from muslim families. not all of them are strict when it comes to obeying the rules of ramadan. >> in the middle of the nighthto wake up and eat as much as you can. then your stomach stretches because it is full. the next day it constricts. that is bad your health. that is why fasting is not a good idea. >> i fasted at school in the past but mom told me if it is too hot and the sun is shining bright, i should talk fasting. >> i only fast on t the weekends because if i do it at school, i can't concentrate, fall asleep. reporter: the school principal observes that in the last few years, an increasing number of very young student take the muslim rule of fasting very seriously. >> i i don't know of any other religious community that considers its so important to the school has to change its
schedule to suit them. this is a no go. religion is private. we have reliligious freedom in germany but we can't reorganize the school system to enable it. reporter: the school is in the berlin district where a lot of muslims live. opinion on whether children should fast is divided. >> if it is voluntary, it is fine, but if they are forced, no. >> if they are convinced, it is ok. kids are entitled to an opinion. >> it would be better if they stayed at home during ramadan. reporter: in germany staying home is not an option because schooling is mandatory, and these two have to perform the same tasks as their classmates who are not fasting. >> i don't have any problems with this. i am just thursday sometimes. >> my mother says if i a can't go on, i canan drink or eat, thn i have to break my fast.
reporter: this guy is lucky. he confessed without being put under pressure. there are no clear rules in islam's concerning at what age children must begin fasting. ♪ sarah: germany plays their final warm-up match ahead of russia's world cup, disposing of sony revealed friday evening. the world champions got off to a sharp start. filing in from close range in the eighth minute, and this guy double their lead before halftime. this player pulling the ball in his own net, got to be kicking himself. it was not all boats sailing for the germans. they had a penalty to saudi arabia which was missed. then the rebound areas the match finished 2-1, ending the winless streak..
with the match over, let's bring in our correspondede who is watching the match. how was the atmosphere during the game? can n fans be happy with this? >> the atmosphere was for the most part very good. the fans here clearly wants to give the team m a good sendoff s they go to russia to defend their title. it was helped inin the firstst f of course by germany t taking a 2-0 leaead. in t the second half it was nots plain s sailing. it w was a bit frustrating, germany creating chances but not able to finish them off. in saudi arabia scoring as well. i very good first half, not good in the second, but still most of the fans i spoke to were very happy to see their team win a final game before the world cup gets u underway. sarah: a win is a win at the end
of the day leading into the world c cup. people are excited. what were the positives? reporter: i think the posositivs are ththe come back for germany. the players retururn from injury to make the world cup. this man had a c composed 45 miminutes, very focused. jerome w was rustybut t we can give him that one given it was his first start after injury. he will get better before the first world cup. ththe high point was marco reus. he was the besest on the pitch. he had a very good assist, the opening goal, hit the post. generally looked very sharp. aa player like h him, his quali, hitting form at the right time, that could make all the difference when it comes down to the big gamemes. sarah: what do they y need to change do you think in order to ensure they defend their tititl reporter: i think c changes will
come aututomatically, the mentality.y. germany is a tournamamt team. they always up their game. we will see a change in mindset, what t they think to the pitch against mexico in their first gameme. we will see a more focused a and composed germamany team that fininies a few m more chances ty can crereate. they definitely need to improve their finishing because if they finish like they did today against a bigger teamhen i can't create as many opportununities, that could be decisive. that i is the big thingng for m, tightening up and finishing more chances. i do think mentality will come natuturally. sarah:h: oliver, in the run-up o the world cup, thank you. now to the international space station where the new group has arrived. here is the moment german astronaut alexander garris and his colleagues were greeted on the board, onboard the iss to
applause from staff and family members at the european space agency on earth. dr. garris is accompanied by an american and russian colleague and will take command of the iss in a few months. the mission will see the group carry out hundreds of experiments that are not possible on earth. we wish them the best of luck. you are up-to-date. i am sarah kelly, thank you for watching. hope to see you again. have a great day. [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit ncicap.org] ♪