tv DW News LINKTV June 12, 2018 2:00pm-2:30pm PDT
sarah: this is "dw news," live from berlin. donald trump hails the outcome of his summit with kim jong-un. >> the past does not have to define the future. yesterday's conflict does not have to be tomorrow's war. and as history has proven over and over again, adversaries can indeed become friends. sarah: trump and kim have both left singapore after signing a joint agreement. they pledged to denuclearize the korean peninsula.
also coming up, what's in a name? everything. after more than 25 years of wrangling with greece, the prime minister of the former yugoslavian republic of macedonia announces a snappy new name for the country. stay with us to hear what it is. and flaring tensions. french president emmanuel macron denounces italy over a rescue ship left adrift in the mediterranean. the more than 600 stranded migrants now heading to spain after it stepped in and offered refuge. ♪ sarah: i'm sarah kelly. welcome to the program. thanks for joining us. they came, they shook hands, they made history. and now the hard part begins. donald trump and kim jong-un wrapped up their unprecedented
summit in singapore with a joint declaration pledging to denuclearize the korean peninsula. but the document does not specify a timeline or a deadline for pyongyang to get rid of its nuclear weapons. north korea's human rights record also do not feature in the final statement. with the impact of the summit still to be determined, both leaders seemed keen to put the past behind them. reporter: it is a moment many doubted would happen. u.s. president donald trump and north korean leader kim jong-un signed a joint declaration which commits pyongyang to the complete denuclearization of the korean peninsula. the highly anticipated summit in singapore, hailed a success by the leaders. >> thank you very much. it's fantastic. [applause] >> today we had a historic meeting and decided to leave the past behind us.
we are about to sign a historic document. the world will see a major change. >> and we have developed a very special bond. so, people are going to be very impressed, peopltoe bey e are going to take care of a very big a very dangerous problem for the world. reporter: that problem -- nuclear weapons. in the agreement, north korea has pledged to dismantle its nuclear arsenal. but critics say the declaration fails to provide concrete steps as to how ill that w achieved and verified. pyongyang has reneged on such promises in the past. trump is confident that this time will be different. he spoke of his special bond with kim, and as with all friendships, compromise must come from both sides. directly after the summit, trump announced washington would cease its joint military drills with south korea. >> we ll be stopping the wargames, which will save us a
tremendous amount of money, unless and until we see the future negotiation is not going along like it should. reporter: it is a move that is seen as a major concession by some, but president trump headed back to washington proud of his achiev his team plans to begin working on the details of the declaration next week. sarah: le' talk more about this with lisa collins who is standing by in washington. she is a fellow at the center for strategic studies and an expert on korea. thank you so much for joining us this evening. lisa, you follow tummit osely. this joint statement has been criticized as being too light on detail. what do you think? lisa: i would agree with that statement. i do believe that the four points that were mentioned in the joint statement, one on
denuclearizatition o of the korn penininsula, one on u.s. and noh korea forming a new relationship, one on releasing old prisonerers of war andd repatriating them to the united states, and d another tatalking ababout other significant optpt. i think that these are things that haveen entioned bebere in pdecls ationsns and agreements that we have had with the north kororns, but it is lacking g in specificity, especicially when we talk aboutt denuclearization and verificacation of the dismantlemement of north korea's nuclear weweapons program. there isis no real mentition ofw that would happen, how long would take and would be involved, and those are very significant details that have been left out. sarah: absolutely. presid trump basically underscoring and saying he trusts the north korean leader to do that. he also made a very major concession at the outset,
committing to seizing the military excises- exer the u.s. conducts with south korea. critics say he got nothing tangible in return. i would like to ask you, up until now the strategy previously simply has not worked. so why not try this approach? lisa: well, i don't think there's is anything wrong with trying a different approachh, ad i think that we have seen that up until this point. we have seen a rapidfire succession of diplomatic engagements with the north koreans which may have produced a more quick timeline in terms of diplomacy. but what i think is concerning, particularly with regard t to te anancement that unilaterally the u.s. would be suspending u.s. south korean military exercises, i dont th'k that was any discussion with our allies before the discussion was made. and two, the u.s. south korean military exercises should not
necessarily be a political pawn in negotiations with north korea. they are to prepare readiness and dedeterrence againstst a noh korean t threat and to make sure that tns do not harm the allies in the region, south korea and japan. so to have them put on the table as a cononcession by presisident trump is very much undermine the security alliance system within asia. sarah: there was also no mention of north korea's record on human rights, torture or assassinations. what do you think that tells us? lisa: well, there was a very shortened timeline for negotiating the summit, so that may have been one of the reasons why denuclearization was the main topic. but i k e p that human rights, the issue is so fundamental that it should be continuously brought up with the north koreans in negotiations. president trump said d he mentioned it to kim jong-un in private discussions. i hope that in following up,
secretary of state pompeo and north korean officials will talk about it and follow-up negotiations. hink we s shoulredonnd p peoplea stais a that still holds about 120,000 people imprisoned in prison camps in the country and that is something they have rectify before they join the international community. sarah: so still a lot of work to be done, perhaps an understatement. lisa collins, an expert on korea, thank you so much for joining us to share your expertise. lisa: thank you. sarah: reaction to the summit around the world has generally favorable, if sometimes cautious. many leaders are hedging their bets until something more concrete emerges from further talks between the two sides. reporter: thers a handshake as they met, another during the nenegotiations, and another r ar
ththey signed ththe joint state. just what the declaration is worth in the long-term is a question now being discussed around the world. japan's prime minister sounded an optimistic note. >> i believe this will be the first step in solving the problems with nortkorea. reporter: the european union also welcomed the meeting as a sign of progress. >> today's summit between the twtwo proves that diplomacy and dialogue are the only way forward. reporter: but others urged caution. u.s. democrats warned that the deal lacked concrete details, and the message from german politicians was, wait and see. >> trump does not take international agreements and contracts seriously. he shows a wild disregard for global political norms. reporter: still, the opportunity seemed to outweigh the risks in many eyes, above all in south korea, a country still formally
at war with the north. >> it is wonderful, amazing. i am so happy about this agreement. >> 70 years of war is nothing next to the 500 years of peace we had before. reunification is coming, that is for sure. reporter: their hopes are high after the excitement of the summit, but they know the devil is in the details and the long negotiations ahead could still come to nothing. sarah: let's get a quick check of other stories making news around the world. judges of the international criminal court have ordered the release he forr congolese vice president. the ruling comes after an appeals court overtuturned h convictions for wawar crimes committed in 2002 and 2003. he hasas been imprisisoned sincs ararrest 10 years s ago. at lstst 12 people i including o rohingya muslims have been killed in southeast bangladesh after heavy rains triggered landslides. international aid agencies are warning thatat there is a ririsk
that waterbornrne disease will break out. makeshift t camps house neararle millllion rohingngya, who have d a military crackdown in neighbhboring myanmar. israeli police have begun evacuating jewish settlers from 15 homes built illegally in the west bank. two protesters were arrested after scuffles broke out during the operation. israel's supreme court ordered the evictions because the homes were built on private palestinla as the u.k. parliament faces a string of wrecks it votes, the government is under increasing pressure from pro-eu rebels in its own ranks. prime minister theresa may's conservatives, the junior justice minister resigned. he says he is now free to quote, speak up over how to exit is being -- brexit is being delivered. what is in a name? a whole lot, if you ask greece
and macedonia. these two countries have now resolved a dispute that has been blocking the former yugoslav republic from joining nato and applying for e.u. membership. this evening the macedonian prime minister announced that from now on his country would be known as the republic of north macedonia. his counterpart in athens presented the deal to greece's president. athens had long objecteded to te naname macedonia because it is also t name of a a greek province. greece is now expected t to drop its -- becoming a nato member and beginning the process of joining the eu. we got this reaction from one member who was happy to abandon the cumbersome former yugoslav republic of macedonia. >> i think it is really great that we do not have to use this word, or this name anymore..
and i'm really glad that after years of discussions, they were reasonable enough to find a compromise. sarah: french president emmanuel macron has denounced italy's refusal to take in more than 600 migrants stranded aboard a rescue ship in the mediterranean. president macron accused the italian government of quote, cynicism, and said it had an obligation under international law. italy has sent ships to help the transport of migrants to spain, whichas offered them refuge. the french island of corsica has also offered to take them in. reporter: after more than two days stuck at sea, the 629 migrants aboard the rescue ship aquarius are finally heading to a safe haven. european ngo rescued them off the libyan coast on saturday night. among them, unaccompanied minors and pregnant women.
the ship was headed towards sicily, but italian authorities refused entry, as did malta. stuck on the high seas, the migrants created a diplomatic storm until spain offered to take in the ship. the standoff is a result of a tougher stance on immigration under italy's new government, something the european union will likely have to deal with increasingly in the months ahead. >> wa gekeure of solidarity from europe. we asked europe to share the burden of the migration emergency, and not to leave us alone, as has happened over the past few years. this gesture goes in this direction. therefore, i cannot do anything else and thank the spanish authorities who have accepted our invitation. reporter: the ngo's that run the ll extd the migrant'sey to spain
odyssey and put vulnerable people at risk. it will take the migrants three to four days to reach the designated port of valencia, where they finally hope to touch land. sarah: we're going to head back to singapore now and helena humphrey is standing by with the business view of the u.s. north korea summit. helena: well, the initial euphoria has already worn off. now they are worried about the details of the denuclearization deal. if it proves sustainable, it will boost impoverished north korea, which has a lot of catching up to do. before the war the north korea had the upper hand of the south, that is before they split. twice as many people live in the south, though we don't actually have the exact numbers in the north. and the economies are vastly different in 2016.
south korea's gdp was around 15 billion u.s. dollars, the north just $27 billion. the south is one of the biggest -- it does $1 trillion worth of trade every year. traded in north is miniscule and almost all that is with china. reporter: this is the view into north korea from the chinese border city. here, interest in the event that led to the extraordinary meeting of the north korean leader and the u.s. president has been r many locals it was about is this as much as politics. -- business as mucuch as politi. >> if the meeting between trump and kim is s successful it wille great for us people here because we do a lot of cross-border trade. we are mainly about cross-border trade, that is what my husband does. we really hope the country opens up soon.
reporter: for a country as isolated as north korea maintaining ties with china has proven to be an economic lifeline. look at the numbers and you will see why. in 2015, north korea imported goods worth almost $3.5 billion. 85% of them came from china. indian and russian imports together accounted for a further 5.5% with countries including mexico and the philippines ma up th rest. turning to north korean exports, they were worth $2.8 million. 83% of them went to china, a further 3.3% went to iia toexports include minerals,- textiles and fish. in mid-therry of excitement about bridging differences, it is easy to overlook the source of north korea's decades of isolation.
reports of human rights abuses including slave labor, prison camps and torture are amg the reasons the country has been shut out of international diplomacy. helena: u.s. stocks edged higher on tuesday with help from media sources. focused on the federal reserve policy meeting. the fed is widely expected to raise interest rates as they conclude a two-day policy meeting on wednesday. investors are especially looking for hints whether it will raise rates three or four times this year. let's go straight to jens korte who is standing by for us in new york. what are you hearing on the trading floor about that meeting? jens: well, it is certainly pretty much a done deal that we will see another interest rate increase. for certain the big question is will we see further increases this year. another one, maybe two or even
none. the federal reserve does not even really know at this point. a lot depends on, for example, how the trade dispute play out. tariffs usually mean higher prices so that could drive inflation and that might cause the federal reserve to come up with more rate increases. we already got a new reading on consumer prices here on tuesday, and we saw the biggest yearly increase in more than six years. also if you look at the unemployment rate in the u.s., we are just shy of the lowest unemployment rate in about 50 years. the only link missing is that wages are not really increasing in a big way at this point. so, well, we will see another interest rate. whether more file this year remains to be seen. helena: jens korte, thank you. germany's digital trade fair use to be the world's biggest trade
show of its kind. visitor numbers of 600,000. that has fallen to just 200,000 at last count. officials have moved the date now to the summer in june and it is trying to become more of a business festival. reporterer: the digital trade fr is trying to reinvent itself. and this is the most visible sign of that. the event in hanover wants to be hihipper.. and more interesting to startups. 2013 was the last time -- the firm hopes they will make the name better known. >> for us, cebit is a highly relevant fair. it is all about digital transformation. ththe whole realm of digital technologies we have combined. reporter: this electric car, produced by a startup, coststs
just 16,000 euros. by the end of this year the first customers will be taking delivery. the firm's electric microbus should ease congestion in city centers. the 14 seaters will be running on schedule and on demand. >> this mobility solution that we need now is a cloud-based solution is a major theme of cebit, because it is not just about mobility. reporter: cebit is also about artificial intelligence and humanoid robots that will assist people in their work. getting up when they are down, that is something these robots have worked out how to do. maybe cebit will also manage to get back on its feet. helena: and it is back over to sarah for something little more even out of this world. sarah: we're heading into outer space. in fact we're going to a press conference that has made a difference.
german national alexander gerst took time off from his duties on the international space station to talk to reporters here on earth today. he talked about life on the space station and the experiments that he would be conducting on his stay until this december. he only arrived last wednesday on what is his second mission to space. he will become commander of the iss in october. dw's sophie are are bonnie was at the press conference and asked him if he had any muscle memory from his last time and space. reporter: first of all, congratulations on a safe arrival at the iss. we often speak about muscle memory, the idea that our bodies respond automatically to some things we have done before. as one of your experiments focuses on muscular system, we were wondering whether you have any muscle memory of your 2014 mission. has it been easier to a depth to
microgravity and perhaps is that an experiment you have already started on? >> that is actually a really good point you are bringing up. i was wondering the exact same thing. where would i start? what i start like a beginner again flying up here, or what i have muscle memory in how to float in the space? the answer is very clearly i still had it memorized. i realized when i came into the station my feet exactly where they are. so, there is this amazing muscle memory. it is like riding a bicycle. you don't know how you do it but your brain somehow does it, and it is the same thing and space. i realized that my buddy, naturally for some reason -- my body, naturally for some reason, adapts very easily. it will be e interesting g to de
experiment. we'll start that next week to see how muscles work. we already did a grip experiment today and yesterday that deals with how human robotic interfaces work on space or on earth. like when ashton not drives -- l ike when a surgeon drives in operation robot somewhere in a remote area. very similar processes we still need to understand. that experiment is aimed for that. anan experiment on here in the space station that has a lot of benefits for life on earth and increases our safety and well-being down there on earth. sarah: that was alexander garris speaking with us from space a short while ago. dojo viola has -- the scientists receive the award at dw's global media for him.
he had been prosecuted by the iranian government for critical remarks in an interview with dw. the director honored them as a courageous promoter of democracy. since 2015, deutsche welle has presented the award to those who express human rights in the media. the football world cup in russia starts on thursday, but before this year's edition, officials must first agree on who will host the 2026 tournament. a joint bid from the.s.s., cananada and mexexico is favedeo win, b buthey face s stiff compmpetition frfrom morocco. the 2026 tournrnament llll be a world cucuwith a d difference. the number of teams will increase to 48. a decision from the fifa congress in moscow is expected at some point on wednesday. die mannschaft has arrived in moscow two days ahead of the
world cup kickoff. the coach and team germany, the current cupholders, are looking to become the first team to successfully defend r worl cup title since brazil did it in 1962. e road to a potential repeat starts in mexico on june 17 in group f. now a quick reminder of the top stories we have been following for you. u.s. president donald trump has hailed the outcome of his summit with north korean leader kim jong-un. both leaders have now left singapore after pledging to rid the korean pnucleninsur weapons. president trump also promising ry exercishit south korea. the prime minister of the former yugoslav republic of macedonia has announced a snappier new name for the country. greece has agreed that it can be called north macedonia.
greece has objected to just macedonia becaususe they have a province of the same name. and don't forget you can always get dw news on the go. just download our app from google play or the apple store. it will y aess to all the latest news from around the world as well as push on vacations or breaking news. you can use the app to send us photos and news appropriate videos, and you can watch this program on livestream. and with that you are up-to-date on dw. i am sarah kelly in berlin. thank you so much for watching. have a greatay. ♪ [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible fts caption content and accuracy. visit ncicap.org]