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tv   DW News  LINKTV  October 22, 2018 3:00pm-3:31pm PDT

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brent: this is "dw news," live from berlin. tonight, the u.s. upping the pressure on saudi arabia to come clean about what happened to journalist jamal khashoggi. presesident donald trump says he has spspoken withh sauaudi crown prince mohammed bin salman. turkey is prepared to say khashoggi's killing was savagely planned. also coming up, investors dropping saudi stocks in light
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of the khashoggi case. the last of the big foreign companies have pulled out of the key investment summit due to begin tomorrow in riyadh. officials there are scrambling. and u.s. national security advisor john bolton is in moscow for tatalks amid fears of a new arms race. this after washington said it is ready to pull out of the historic treaty on intermediate range nuclear missiles. also coming up tonight, the terrible choices facing families fleeing syria. >> i stopped to o going to schol in the seventh grade becauause i got e engaged. my mother knows him. he came and told her that he wanted me, and that was it. brent: tonight, we tell the story of a syrian child bride living in lebanon. her r mother says marryingng ofr 14-year-old is the only way they can all survive. ♪
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brent: i'm brent goff. it's good to have you with us. tonight, u.s. president donald trump says he's not satisfied with saudi arabia's account of what happened to exiled journalist jamal khashoggi at the consulate in istanbul. as riyadh continues to change his story, turkish officials are now saying khashoggi's killing was savagely planned. turkish president recep tayyip erdogan is expected to lay the eviden o out on tuesesday with a spokokesman sayining, quote, nog will remain secret. reportrter: hand-in-hand for the last time. this recently released cctv footage shows jamal khashoggi and his s fiancee at their residedence on the mororning of octotober 2. and then walking to the saudi consulate in istanbul, from which he never emerged.
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in the weeks since the journalist's death, turkish media have leaked new details almost daily of how authorities say he was killed and how the suspects tried to cover it up. newly revealed footage obtained by cnn shows a suspect apparently dressed in khashoggi's clothes leaving the consulate to tour istatanbul. a turkish official told cnn the body double was likely meant to convince investigators that khashoggi left the consulate alive, as the saudi government originally insisted he had. but tuturkey has claimed since e beginnnning that h he was killln cold b blood. >> we are facing a situation that has been monstrously plplanned, witith an attempt a a vast cover-up. whwhen we look at t it from this point of vieiew,t is a v very complicated murder. reporter: : riyadh h c changed s ststory and now says khashogoggs kikilled by a rogue group ofof
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interrogators acti, ququote, outside the scope of their authority. in recent days, the saudi's tone has turned from indignant to apologetic. both the sauaudi king and crown prince salman telephoned his son to offer their condolences. but international pressure is mounting on the kingdom as its allies demand answers. and turkish officials may have more to reveal. president recep tayyip erdogan has promised in an upcoming speech to parliament to divulge the full details of what happened on october 2 in the saudi consulate. brent: i am joined tonight by karen attiah, she is global opinions editor at the "washington post," and she edited the last piece that mr. khashoggi wrote for the newspaper, and she worked with him for the past year.
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karen, it is good to have you on the program. we appreciate you taking the time to talk with us. we know that the last article that mr. khashoggi w wrote that you edited was a about freedom f expression in the arab world, and we know that his opinions were not well received by saudi authorities. did he ever speak to you about the hatred that was directed at him by the saudis? karen: sure. so, obviously when we first sort of found him last year and he wrote his first piece for us, he expressed to me in an email saying that it was painful for him m to talk ababout what wasas happening in saudidi arabia, ttt saudi arabia wasas always a plae with a level of repression, but that it had become unbearable for him. and so, the idea that someone who o was that clolose to the rl family and w was so prominent in
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saudi i arabia felt thatat it wo unsafe thahat he needed to come herere to washingtonon to ve, ,t just speaks to how personally under pressure he was feeling. as far as our conversations, he in particular felt sadness and depression over particularly his family. the saudi authorities slapped travel restrictions anand bans n his children shortly after he began writing for us. and yeah, he told me that authorities, members of the family would reach out to him saying, why are you writing for the "washington post?"" you cacan do what you want, but why aryou u writing for r the "post?" so, hehe was defininitely facica lot morere scrutiny and pressure for wrining for us, bubut he sad he felt he had to do it. hehe felt he hadad no choice. he just wawanted to be able to express himself. brent: let me ask you about what has emerged today. there are these video images showing what looks like a body double, which suggests that
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there was a premeditated attempt to cover up the killing of mr. khashoggi. we see that. we know that the international community has no trust in the saudis coming clean with what happened. we understand that the turkish president says he will tell the truth about the situation tomorrow. do you have faith in turkey to deliver a thorough investigation, and do you have faith in the u.s. administration to do so if turkey doesn't? karen: sure. so, obviously the saudis have completely shot or destroyed any hint of credibility in this case. we already knew thatat there waa plot to o capture jamamal specifically that u.s. intelllligence officiaials intercepted.
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as far as s turkey's ro, we a ae here hoping that they y do fully release everything t they ve because so far they have put saudi ararabia on the back foot with leaking these details. and at the very least these details are enough for thehe saudis to sort of have to backtrack and deny and c change ththeir story. so, jamal was a friend of erdogan. his was-to-b-be wife was t turk. he had contacts in the turkish government, they knew him. so we e are hoping that they wil do the rht t thing andnd tell te world what happened d to our colleague. and as far as u.s. officials, sameme thing. cia officials have seen evidence. we n need to press foror as mucs possible full answers, full accountability, and d whatever e do sends a message to journalists around the world about t whether or n r regimes n get away w with murdering them n cold blood, anand whether or n t
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the u.s., the leader of the so-called d free world, will std by and do anything about it. brent: karen attiah, the "washington post" global opinions editor. karen, we appreciate your time tonight. thank you. time for business now. stephen is here with the latest on it controversial investor conference in saudi arabia that we understand is going to go bust instead of boom. stephen: we know the ceo of siemens is the lid is the latest to announce he will pull out of the conference, which has been dubbed. posted in the desert. -- dubbed davos in the seser -- the desert. this move may not be a surprise, but for he and his company it is still not an easy one. reporter: preparations are well
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underway. the move, though, is muted. saudi's conference kicks off in riyadh tuesday, but the number of participants is dwindling. the latest business leader to pull out is this man. he announced his withdrawal following pressure to respond to allegations of saudi involvement in the killing of journalists jamal khashoggi, a turnaround from last week when he said he was still planning to attend. in a statement, he said, i will not attend the future investment initiative 2018. it is the cleanest decision but not the most courageous one and not a decision against the kingdom or its people. it is based on how much responsibility one can assume at one time. for now, the truth must be found and justice must be served. he is one of several business leaders who found themselves in a moral quandary in the run-up
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to the saudi conference. the wording of his statement, especially his eagerness not to condemn his would-be hosts, is a reminder that for many companies, this is primarily a trade-off between p pfit and p.r. steven: our financial correspondent jens korte has been following this news surrounding the saudi conference. he joins us from new york. american firms were much quicker to pull out of this conference, doing it days ago. it was likely not an easy decision for them, either. what is at stake for a business when it ignores an event like this? jens: if you look at silicon valley for instance, saudi investors are among the biggest investors into u.s. tech startups in silicon valley. you also have a couple of big tech names being engaged in multibillion-dollar deals in saudi arabia. then u.s. president donald trump
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repeatedly talks about a possible $100 billion arms deal with saudi arabia. the president also claims hundreds of thousands of jobs in the u.s. are at stake in the defense industry, even if experts are skeptical if those numbers are not too high. so, a lot seems to be at stake for u.s. business. steven: let's move away from saudi arabia for a moment. the coming week is a big one for investors with major companies reporting their earnings. what are investors looking for? jens: wall street is eager to hear what affect, for example, the tariffs might have on u.s. businesses, if the stronger dollar is also hurting some of their sales. and also we have higher commodity costs, higher oil prices. that is one big question that
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wall street is happening -- having. when we get numbers from boeing, ford, harley davidson, just to name a few. also earlier this year we had tech stocks on quite a run. that has slowed a bit lately, and we will get numbers from apple, microsoft, intel. it is a heavy and important week when it comes to earnings here on wall street. steven: jens korte in new york, thank you. now moving on to italy. italy is in the eu to stay. that is the message from prime minister giuseppe conte day who says his country will not leave the bloc. he argues the economy needs a lift. germany has warned rome to be careful with debt, and italy's credit rating has been cut. reporter: italy's prime minister
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has insisted his country needs a new approach to stimulating the economy because previous efforts have failed. in the second quarter, growth slowed to itsts weakest pace in nearly two years. >> this budget draft i is well coconstructedd and formed.d. the e provisions for growth are very good in respect to what we're doing at the moment. reporter: he has pledged that next year's deficit will not exceed 2.4% of gdp. but that is triple the previous government's forecast. the italian leader said it would fall below 2% by 2021 and guarantee the national debt to gdp ratio would decline. he also dismissed any suggestion that italy would leave the eu or the eurozone. >> for italy, there is no chance, no way, to get
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italexit. there is no way to get out of europe or the eurozone. reporter: many italians support the tough stance against brussels and hope the increased spending will help kickstart the economy. >> i think all the election promises were kept, so they did just fine. even keeping their stance with europe which i think is the fundamental battle. >> i think that europe does not have to tell us what we have to do. also, because they are prejudice against us in comparison to other european countries.. reporter: on tuesday the european commission is set to discuss and decide the next steps in the procedure for discussing italy's proposed budget for next year. steven: for more on this topic we are joined by dr. john whitaker, professor at lancaster university in the u.k. italy says it will not be
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influenced by brussels rejection of its budget. what leverage does brussels really have in this case? john: it all goes down to the stability pact which has been around since the beginning of the euro. they made all kinds of tricks to make it work but stability factor has always been short of teeth. it does not bite. the ultimate sanction has always been to fine the country running excessive deficits, but no fine has ever been imposed. so, thyey try to rely on lots of surveillance, so-called excessive deficit procedure. makes it sound sinister. if it works at all is is probably by causing reputational damage to a country running a budget too great. steven: what about market pressure? italy's credit rating has been downgraded. what does that mean exactly in
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what kind of pressure doesn't put on italy's government? john: it does in the sense it has been raising the yield on the a time government's bonds. about 3.5% or something, which is a four to five year high. if that creeps up a great deal more, the danger is that th italian government will find it difficult to borrow. that's a very bad position. it reminds one of greece in 2 015. if the government cannot borrow, well, it looks very much towards it might have to abandon the euro and go back to the lira. steven: we know deficit spending is not unheard of, especially when trying to stimulate an economy. why do analysts in this case look so concerned when they look at the italian budget? john: you can make an argument for it but -- government to do
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more spending or you can make an argument for government to do less spending. in both cases the objective could be to bring down the government's debt. stimulus is what the time government is arguing, but the rest of the european union and other commentators seem to think that is the wrong answer for italy. i suppose given its reputation, even before he joined the euro, the government had a reputation for spending too much. when they joined the euro they still spent too much. they ended up with italy being the lowowest growing eurozone country since the beginning. it is a reputational problem. people think that italy's finances are going to get out of control. steven: dr. john whitaker, thank you for joining us. that is it for business. back to brent with news. brent: tonight, the u.s. national security advisor john bolton is in russia where he has
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held talks with senior government officials. the visit comes as the trump administration announced that it may pull out of a cold war arms deal. bolton met russian foreign minister sergey lavrov in moscow earlier today. he reportedly denied that washington's threat to leave the inf treaty is an attempt to blackmail russia. bolton emphasized that if the imf treaty is scrapped. -- scrapped, the u.s. is not planning to deploy missiles that would target moscow. here at the big table with me now is xanthe hall. she is on the board of ican germany. ican germany is the german arm of ican, which is dedicated to a world without nuclear weapons. we appreciate you taking the time to come in with us tonight. we have got the trump administration saying that for the past four years at least, there is evidence that russia has been in violation of the imf treaty. is that true? xanthe: well, only the u.s. know
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the answer to that because they have not been telling anybody with the information is that they have that actually proves that. so, nobody in europe has actually said, we know that to be a fact. at the same time, the russians have also been saying that the u.s. are in violation of the same treaty. so, it is very hard to know what is going on here. what we do know is that this is a kind of blame game, that both are trying to say that the other is at fault if this treaty falls apart. brent: but there is no acute problem or crisis right now, is there? so it begs the question, why would trump want to pull the cord now? what do you think is going on? xanthe: well, i think it has a lot to do with his meeting earlier on in the year with vladimir putin, that people saw him as being some kind of yea-sayer to putin and just doing what he was told. so, there were a lot of problems about that.
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so he is probably trying to show himself as being much stronger. we have got the midterm elections coming up, so i think it is more to do with that than there is actually any different situation than there was, as you say, a few years ago. brent: the treaty stems from a bygone period, the cold war. would it make sense then to maybe amend the treaty? i mean, if the cold war is over, maybe the treaty needs to be overhauled. would that solve the problem here? xanthe: personally i think that it would do a lot of good to look at the treaty again and actually talk about, does this cover the weapons that they are thinking of actually developing. and also, does it cover all the countries that have those weapons, because at the moment we only have the u.s. and russia. china, india, pakistan, they are outside of the treaty and they have these weapons, too. so it is certainly worth looking
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at again, whether or not to renegotiate it. but leaving it altogether is definitely not the answer. brent: do you think that we will ever see putin and trump being able to sit down and negotiate the way the world saw gorbachev and ronald reagan do in 1987? xanthe: they are very different people. and i have to say that gorbachev was completely convinced, and reagan, too, of the idea that we could get rid of nuclear weapons altogether. i do not see this with trump and putin. they really believe very strongly that we need nuclear weapons in this world and they want to continue with nuclear deterrence. this is obviously not the way we want to go, obviously. brent: ms. hall, we appreciate you taking the time to talk with us tonight. thank you. here is some of the other stories now that are making headlines around the world. britain's prime minister theresa may has told parliament that 95% of the brexit withdrawal
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agreement with european union is settled. may said there might be circumstances in which the transition period is extended beyond 2020, things which have angered both pro and anti factions in her party. at least five people died after a mudslide swept through a town. more than 20 people have been killed in the past two weeks as a result of mudslides and river overflows in different parts of the country. lebanon has taken in more than one million syrian refugees. many live in extreme poverty, and often parents have no choice but to marry off their children because they simply do not have the means to feed and raise them. aid groups have warned the number of child brides is growing in lebanon, where there is no minimum age for marriage. our dw reporter traveled to a refugee camp in an exclusive
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report. she met a 14-year-old girl who was about to get married. reporter: last fall, she was just starting a a new semester t school.. this year, she is getting ready fofor her wedding. >> i stopped going to school in the seventh grade because i got engagaged. my mother knows him. he came and told her that he wanted me, and that was it1. reporter: she's just 14 years old. when her fiance firsrst brought her heher engagement ring, itt slipped off f her finger and had to be r resized to fit her small hand. she fled war-torn syria to a refugee camp p in lebanon.. it is home to her, her mother, and three siblingsgs. it is difficult to make ends meet. >> i need d to pay f for electricity, household expenses, rent.
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i also have medical expenses. two of my children have chronic asthma. when they have attacks at night, there's nothing i can do. reporter: she w will not be the first in her family to be married off as a girl. her mother wed when she was 15. aid organizations say child marriages have increased w withn syrianan refugee comommuniti. many likike her no longer have a childhood with few responsibilities to look forward to. >> i have to get married because of our situation. there are many things i need that i cannot get. i do not have any married friends, and do not really know what marriage is. reporter: in lebanon, one in five t to syrian rugugee girls betwtween 15 and 19 is married. with more e than two thirds of syrian g's death r refugees in poveverty, many -- >> if we were in syria and there
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was no war, i would have never done this. i would have let her study. even my son now has to work. >> last year our tent burned down. we left with nothing but the clo thes on our backs. reporter: but p parents are nott the only ones to blame. there is s no minimum age for marriaiage in lebanon. in some rereligious communities, girls even younger than 15 and mary. -- can marry. activists are calling for that to change. >> we need a law that would set the minimum age for marriage at 18 and punish those who officiate such marriages. they are giving away a girl's rights. they are marrying them just on paper, but that is not officially registered anywhere. reporter: such a law is nowhere
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inin sight, however. in a few weeks, she will become yet another child bride in lebanon. she will be sent back to syria to her future husband. brent: you're watching "dw news," live from berlin. after a short break i'll be back to take you through the day. stick around for that. ♪ [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit ncicap.org]
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