>> our special correspondence of the real eyewitness of the news. to live from paris. makingook at what is headlines. the newest president donald trump steps up his anti-immigrant rhetoric just days to go before the american midterms. our will orders join republican to decide who have whether to mention donald trump's name or not.
people on new caledonia are voting on independence with polls showing the no vote has a lead. ♪ >> with just four days to go until the american midterms, donald trump is stepping up his anti-immigrant rhetoric in a bid to hold onto congress. this is an invasion trump told reporters. suggesting soldiers deployed could shoot migrants if they throw stones. going to put up with that. if they want to throw rocks at our military, our military fights back.
i told them to consider a rifle. when they throw rocks like they did with the mexico military police, i said consider it a rifle. centralands of americans continue their journey to the united states. they will not reach the border before election day. has more on the groups marching for a better future. trekking alongof the southern roads of mexico. thousands have advanced dozens of kilometers per day. grouproup, the first marching towards the border is approaching the state of veracruz, about 1000 kilometers from texas. their number has dwindled back to an estimated 4000.
the difficult journey, mexico's efforts to block them, plus an offer from mexico to grant them asylum has turned them away from the caravan. others are still determined to reach the u.s. goal is to reach the united states or another country that will give us asylum a refuge. -- or refuge. >> since the first caravan left under us others followed suit, hoping traveling as a group would make the journey safer and cheaper. a second caravan is about 200 kilometers behind the main group. -- their journey was slow down when authorities detained about 150 of them. a third group of about 500 people has left el salvador and crossed into guatemala and a
onrth c caravan started north wednesday. together, they represent a few days worth of the average flow of migrants to the u.s. in recent years. with midterm elections, republican candidates have a problem or a great advantage to deal with. donald trump. each candidate having to decide whether or not to embrace the american president. marginal districts and swing states, republican candidates campaign without mentioning his name. >> the local village parade brings out the fire trucks, boy scouts, and paddington bear in a convertible. every political candidate for office is here. this is a republican running for sheriff.
the ubiquitous hats are hard to come by in this contested and more moderate area. the one. across just running on local issues and skirts the subject of his party path leader. >> some of the people are focused. the vast majority of people are welcome and they look for who the candidate is more than the party. as a citizen, i am a commissioned officer in the mililitary. i took an oath to the country and the constitution. >> for democrats, the choice is easy. candidates are running against donald trump. republicans have to make up their mind. are they running with or against the u.s. president?
there is one candidate in this state who is singing a different tune. democrat,ublican, ex and a supporter of donald trump. that will not get her votes in a place like this. she has been fighting an uphill battle. was disinvited from thanksgiving because of my party affiliation and support of trump. once i lost half my family, all bets are off. i have the community on all sides. all colors. especially the working class white folks. >> liz does not like to mention trump of her own volition and she will not be seen wearing one of his hat. democrats tend to win by two thirds of the vote. troops havend u.s. begun joint patrols in northern
syria as partrt of a plan to eae tensions between the countries while averting clashes between turkey and washington's key local ally. made up of a collection of fighters mostly kurds. they are groups with which turkey has had a long-standing animosity. kurds protested in the far northeastern city and the anger they voice is shared throughout northern syria. turkish forces have been pounding kurdish fighters' positions, threatening to crush them. >> we want the international community to hear our voice. we want to tell them, s stop turkey's attatacks on the kurdih people. militia, the bulk forcessyrian democratic
have been fighting the islamic state group for years. they are backed d by the u.s. they are a potential threat for ankara. we will bring down the terror structure east of the euphrates. we have completed our preparations, plans, programs for this offensive. >> after several operations to area,he ypg out of the the next target is the region to the east. directto avert confrontation, the u.s. and turkey have started joint patrols in the area. it has not stopped turkey from bombing kurdish posositions nearby. halturdish say they will
their own battle against the islamic state group if turkey does not halt. new caledonia will be voting independence referendum. the island was annexed by the the mid-19th century. a french overseas territory, many of the inhabitants say they feel neglected by paris. others insist the island has benefited from a french economic assistance. let's get more from jack in new caledonia. what is the mood like ahead of this weekend's vote. it has been quiet here today for the final day of c campaigng fofor a referendum. there were no significant rallies to speak of.
independence campaign has been largely characterized by noticeably peaceful rhetoric. there has not been v violent or combative imagery. thele have memories of 1980's, which has brought a abot of thethe demands indigenous people frustrated by the lack of headway being made. that violence led to decolonization and to this referendum, people do not want to return to those scecenes. reflecting that lack of desire for confrontation, polls s put e vote to remain in the french republic at 66%. 34% to leave. poor inhas been fairly recent years. brexit and trump failed to be predicted by polls.
we have to wait until sunday to get our true results. howne thing of truth -- strong our people's links to france? is there a generational difference in attitudes between younger people and ththose who e older? from ththose i have spoken to, back in the 1980's, from a point of view of identity, if you were morete european, you were likely to identify as french. indigenous, you are that.ikely to identify as over the last 30 years, a new identitycaledonian among younger people who might
consider themselves to be french caledonian. this is accounting for a new feeling of identity here to some degree. there are clear and enduring divisions along ethnic lines. it does not account for the whole picture. very much, the indigenous people are just represented. 70% live below the poverty line. all of those are ethnic indigenous people. the government has i invested in scschools and hospitals. there remains income inequality along ethnic lines. that will seize the case for independence. >> thank you. some not so good news on the
environmental front with new research revealing the world's oceans are heating up at a much faster ratate than prereviou estimates. itould have massiv implications for clima change. lastrch suggests for the 25 years, oceans have been absorbing 150 times the amount of electricity mankind has been producing. oceans cover two thirds of the planet''s surface and play a vital role in sustaining g lifen earth. warmingld mean global is a worse than thought. fact itit is more warm than we thought, that is an implication into h how we cann mitigate climate in the future. a warmer ocean means the earth is more sensitive than we thought to our emissions. >> it might've been halloween the last few days, but the army
of archaeologists in london are 14,000g a burial site of bodies under a railway station to make way for a high-speed train service that will link london to the midlands. 1200have already unearthed skeletons, including some of those of the country's most prominent figures. >> it is painstaking work, but it is paying off. hasjor archaeology goal dig unearthed evidence of tuberculosis, dentistry, a the odd celebrity. there are more prominent individuals buried here. bill richmond, a famous boxer from the 1800s from staten island. he has an interesting story. buried there, the
first guy to circumnavigate australia. >> this will help them better understand how people lived and died in the 1800s. it is a great opportunity to be able to tell his story -- to tell the story of the landscape, share our discoveries with the communities and deepen our understanding of our nation's heritage. >> this is one of the many sites that will have to make way for the rail project, which plans to link london to the midlands. protesters have campaigned against it, but for this team, it is an opportunity. >> we have over 1000 archaeologists working. it is a dream to work on a project like this. >> the team will move on to excavating the horror side -- the poorer side of the site. >> donald trump is stepping up
anti-immigrant rhetoric in a bid to hold d onto congress. this was -- this, , with just ds to go until the american midterm election. the u.s.s. and turkey have begun joint patrols, hoping to prevent confrontation with the ypg. people in the south pacific island of new caledonia are voting on independence. the polls showing the no vote has the lead. get the latest business news from stephen carol. relations between the u.s. and china finally seemed to be warming up. to xiald trump spoke jinping. has asked hisp cabinet to draft an agreement that could end the trade war.
talks between the u.s. and china have made little progress since may and the white house is threatened to impose tariffs on all remaining imports from china after hitting $250 billion worth of goods earlier this year. phone, mr. spoke by trump tweeting it was a very good conversation, focused on trade. discussions moving along nicely, that is how he put it. china describing the call as positive. that news is being welcomed on the markets. big gains in asia earlier. gains across london, paris, and frankfurt. markets will be looking forward to banks, italy, and they are
also trading up today. turning next to apple, which briefly lost its crown as a trillion dollar company after its results disappointed investors. despite better than expected earnings, it warned its performance for the christmas period may not be as good as previously hoped. apple announced thing it would stop reporting sales for individual products like the iphone as they feel it is not representative of the company's performance. figures of the last three months of apple cost financial year. they sold of iphones was flush compared to the same period last year. the price of the iphone is going up, so apple needs to sell fewer of them to make more money. investors are not impressed by
those numbers. it has managed to push back up above the benchmark. will watch when wall street opens u up later. have you considered how much you might spend on your smartphone over your lifetime? the american online marketplace has crunched the numbers and come up with 75,000 dollars. that is based on the average price of $532 per phone and an upgrade every 32 months. youryou add up the cost of apps and phone p purchases, it tops up to $75,000. only $12,000 on the actual device. iphones are much more expensive. reaching staggering amounts over a lifetime. indeed, it does.
the figure is going to increase. expensive. i do not want one for christmas. i've already bought it. [laughter] >> thank you. that is stephen carol with the business news. it is time for the press review. allison, who has been scaring the new faces today. we are starting with brazil. everyone is focusing on the president-elect, bolsonaro's appointment of a justice. >> he is the man who some say paved the way for bolsonaro to become president. he is the judge who led the carwash anticorruption
investigation that saw the former president jail. polls show he had a chance of beating bolsonaro. on one paper behind me, and old front page of theirs. sergio declared he would never enter politics. this was from two years ago. just after the charges were filed against lula. some were accusing morrow of being anti-left. piece that says it may be good news for one, but bad news for operation carwash. that he was leaving an anti-lula campaign all this time. side, bolsonaro gets to have a big name in his
government because the judge is a known figure in brazil and respected. >> moving to the u.k., where a ao brexit campaigner is -- brexit campaigner is under investigation for illegal funding. there is a russian link. >> you can see this man here, aaron banks. he was one of the founders of the leads campaign and loaned over 8 million pounds to it. that money might not actually have come from banks, but from overseas donors. they have opened an investigation to get to the bottom of it. from the times, you can see where many people suspect the money might have come from. this is the russian connection. we see what appears to be the naked torso of vladimir putin.
banknks has denied having linkso russia and says the investigation is the result of pressure from anti-brexit groups. >> papers are focused on this week's independence referendum in new caledonia. there are a lot of people who do not know where new caledonia is. 18,000 kilometers away from parents. >> close to australia. it is a remote archipelago in the pacific. it is the focus of many french papers today. it is a french territory. for how much longer, that is how much the french paper is asking today. this referendum is 30 years in the making. 1988 deal that promised a referendum would be held. that came after a deadly standoff between french authorities and separatists. in the editorial, whatever happens with the referendum remains a historic step and puts the crown in a successful
prospect of decolonization. allows forjected, it two more referendums. it will not necessarily be the final word. >> independence is likely to be rejected. somewhere around 70% of the population voting no. >> those who want to remain in france believed to be t the majority in this vote. the guardian spent time with those in the yes camp. this is where there is a big state run -- because new caledonia is the third largest in theexporter world. say they of this town have not seen any of the wealth. it is a very poor area. for separatists, it has become a symbol of the colonial dominance in the area.
-- has become the first country to ban sunscreen. this is extraordinary when you see so many people seeking help for skin cancer. makes me feel like i might have a hard time. starting in 2020, everyone will have sunscreen confiscated as they enter the country. anyone caught selling or importing it will be slap with a with a will be slapped fine. it is to protect the oceans and coral reefs. many of the chemicals are toxic coralarine life and makes subjects of bleaching. tounburn is a small price pay for saving the planet. just bringingthan a hat. you will have to be in the shade
constantly. turning north to finland, a rather funny story. the country celebrated a unique holiday on thursday. national jealousy day. that is what the new york times is calling it. ofry year on the first november, the country releases a list of the taxable income of every citizen. ofis a country wide game who's up and who's down. thele were lining up to be first people to get access to this information. it as aessor described positive form of gossip. publicly shame tax dodgers. a lot of people use this information to look up people they know and to compare themselves to their colleagues and things like that. some people in finland roll