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tv   DW News  LINKTV  November 21, 2018 3:00pm-3:31pm PST

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from berlin. no breakthrough in brussels, as britain's prime minister works to finalize the terms of the u.k. bricks of deal. theresa may has been meeting with european commission had jean-claude juncker. on the table, a blueprint for britain's future ties with the blockhead of the crucial summit on sunday. also coming up, stand off. the eu tells italy it is sleepwalking into instability.
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that is as it rejects romome's budget, but italy's new government is digging in its heels and setting the stage for a showdown. the concentration camp in northern germany that the world forgot. aside from a small memorial, there is not much left to mark the site of the camp. one of the last survivors has been talking to dw about her experiences there. and with f for years to u until the qatatar world cup, we will take a look at the contntroversy surrounding the next addition of the biggest football event. -- next edition of te the biggest football event. sarah: i'm sarah kelly. welcome to the program. theresa may has failed to achieve a breakthrough on the final bricks of deal after crunch talks in brussels. theresa may met with european commission president jean-claude juncker to further negotiations
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ahead of a use summit on sunday. she has faced heavy criticism from members of the u.k. parliament over the drafted agreement. with two senior ministers resigning. and eu spokesman said good progress had been made during the meeting but that work is ongoing. here is what may had to say after meeting with younger. -- juncker. >> we have made further progress and given sufficient direction for them to be able to resolve the main issues that will start immediately. i've planned to return to further meetings, including with president juncker to discuss how we can reach a conclusion to the process in the interests of all our people. sarah: may is to return to brussels with more talks with officials. max hofmann is standing by with the latest on the developments. what are those remaining issues that may is talking about here?
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max: we were quite surprised to hear that she was coming back saturday to continue those negotiations, because basically, the text for the agreement about the future of the relationship with the u.k. and eu was supposed to b be released as eay as tomorrow, so that doesn't make any sense. she was repeatedly asked what those outstanding issues are. she talked about a number of issues. she wanted to talk about fisheries for example. gibraltar as well and the transition about to start after brexit and for the start of the new relationship. all of this is quite puzzling, but if you look at it from a different angle, what she needs to do to g get this sold at hom, then this makes sense, because she is fighting to give the impression that she is fighting into the last moment. sarah: even so, if there was a timetable in question, we would know in the meantime that --
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diplomats today said that merkel once a final deal delivered before sunday's eu summit. as we have heard, work is still ongoing. can you clear up what is going on here? max: other diplomats that we personally talked to said that you shouldn't put too much internet, because of course, five or six chapters were left to be drafted on the summit. that is not the work of the leaders. i was at one of those summits when they tried to do it and it never really works out well. they are there to sign off. if there really is only one remaining issue, say gibraltar or something, that could keep merkel. we can be quite confident that this is the case. sarah: we all expect theresa may to have a tough time selling this deal at home, but first she has to get this through brussels sunday. can she be confident that the member states will give it their approval? max: if she reaches an agreement
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on the political outline future relationship, then it is up to the cabinet of the european union. can still negotiate the status of gibraltar by that with the u.k. so, they don't have to follow something that is individual agreement. it is of course exactly with the other eu members say they want to avoid at all costs, that was negotiated over so many days here in brussels, opening it up again. we are not sure how that is going to play out. that is the second battlefield. the first battlefield, that is one thing coming backk saturday to talk to the head of the eu commission at gibraltar. within the eu, that is the front
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line that has opened up. sarah: max hofofmann, our brusss bureau chief putting it into perspective on what is a very busy day where you are. thank you so much. meantime, the eu entering new territory in its budget dispute with italy. another front. stephen has the story. stephen: brussels indicating it is willing to pursue disciplinary actions as long as the country visas to change its draft budget for 2019. at issue is the country's towering debt. at stake i is avoiding the next financial crisis. >> only be flags coexist peacefully here. everything else is subject to dispute. never before has a member states budget been rejected butut the commission is determined to keep italy from increasing its debt burden. >> this is a common concern. euro areas should bebe playing y
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the same rules. these are here to protect us, to provide stability and mutual trust. >> it is the threat of an excess deficit procedure, it missed its target in rome by a mile. the populist government remains defined. the leader from brussels has arrived. i was expecting one from santa claus as well anyway. the prime minister says there will be no backtracking on social welfare spending increases. italians are used to drama and politics. should things go all the way to a confrontation with brussels, it d depends on who you ask. >> i trust this government and i like them. they are young andnd they give ththem hope. >> i am very worried, because it is a problem. public debt keeps growing. in the end, who will be paying for it? >> a good question.
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financial markets are already demanding risk premiums for italian government bonds. the national debt has surged above 130% of gdp and the outlook is not very rosy. the organization for economic cooperation and development and italy's own statistics office have downgraded their growth forecasts for r the country. it is too big to fail. it is the eurozone's third-largest economy. its debt is already so i know rescue fund could be big enough to save it. stephen: let's try to understand this a little more. i am joined by an economist at a brussels-based think tank. there is this idea that the markets will punish italy before the eu can. are we seeing signs that this is getting painful for rome? alessio: yes, we're seeing signs of the volatility of financial
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markets for the past six months. the interest rate that the government pays on its bonds has increased substantially, several percentage points. this is obviously a country that has a huge debt pile. even small fluctuations have a big impact. stephen: italy is projecting that the budget will spur growth, but the eu is saying it has yet to see where the growth is coming from. who is right? alessio: the government argues that because it is an expansionary fiscal policy, it is injecting cash, so we should see some sort of short-term boost in growth. what they are not mentioning is because they are losing financial markets along the way and interest rates are increasing, this is having a ripple down effect into the economy. we are already seeing borrowing costs for households and firms
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go up. italy is in a recession. italian growth has already been slowing and the budget has not been approved yet. stephen: we often talk about this crisis in the context of decrease crisis in 2009. this is different, right? this seems political. alessio: it is indeed. conversely from greece, greece was an economic crisis, but with a lot of political will on both sides. the greek government and the eurozone wanted to find a solution to it. whereas, in the italian case, the economics has remained probably the same. it is true that italy has low growth and high debt, but this has been true for several years now. what is different this time is that the italian government is actively seeking confrontation with brussels and what we received today, this negative opinion on the budget is exactly
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what the government wanted, which is peculiar in a way. in a eurozone setting, shared fiscal woes. stephen: thank you very much. alessio: thank you. stephen: let's go back to sarah now with more news. sarah: thank you so much. we are heading to the united states were president donald trump has accused a federal judge of political bias after the judge ordered the government not to enforce a ban on asylum for people who enter the country illegally. trump issued the ban earlier this month as thousands of central american migrants were making their way through mexico toward the u.s. border. now around 3000 migrants have made as far as the mexican border city of tijuana. >> a squeaky clean downtown area sporting a somewhat famous marriott she banned. the mainin street t lined witih bars, restauaurants, clulubs and unavoidable local absurdity whwhich serves as a tease for
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tourists. these are the images tijuana wants the world to see, these days more than ever. the realaly is very different. tijuana is sheltering almost 3000 migrants from central america. so-called cararavan migrants. >> now, with the number of migrants we have in town, the situation is under control and manageable. we are cooperating and have the support of the police and other security a agencies. >> control of the situation for now, authorities expected by the end the week, 900 additional migrants will have arrived. that could make cononditions woe hehere. things c could become unmanageae quickly. a major concern not only for city officials and locals, a concern shared even by cindy and
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her three sisters, who arrived here just hours ago. they got separated from two additional siblings and their father. still, they can't wait to get out of tijuana and into the united states. >> we are going to ask for asylum in the united states. we ran away from our c country. we are afraid in our country. we don't have work there. but t most of all, we are afraid of the violence. >> cindy and her sisteters know that asking for asylum in the u.s. is one thing the qualifying and getting it is much harder these days. >> everybody who has gone has hope. >> hope or not, others don't want to take their chances. starting the legegal asylum prprocess is not an optionon for them. > i will take the risk and
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jumped the fence. >> francisco, from honduras, , r the last four days has sheltered in tijuana. he says he lost faith in the u.s. asylum prprocess. >> i don't want to asask for asylum, because i heard that out of the 1000 people, just 10 got asylum. >> tijuana, for most of the migrants, is just a layover on their journey to their final destination, the united states of america. sarah: letet's get a quick check of some other stories making news around the world. peace talks aimed at ending the war in yemen have been set for early december in sweden, according to u.s. authorities. the conflict has unleashed a humanitarian disaster, with eight agencies saying that hunger may have killed 85,000 chchildren there. police in kenya say gunmen have kidnapped and italian volunteer in a coastal town. the kidnapping was part of an
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attack tuesday night in which at least four people were injurede. the attacker's identity is unclear, but somali militants have been blamed for kidnappings in the area. a pakistani christian has been given permission to come to germany, her supporters say. the german government has yet to confirm reports that it has offered her asylum. she was recently released from a pakistani prison after almost nine years awaiting execution on blasphemy charges. to germany now, where chancellor angela merkel has addressed parliament for the first time since announcing she will not be seeking reelection. the annual budget debate is usually a lively session and this time was no different. as funding to attacks from the opposition, she gave a forceful defense of her economic record and current policies. >> it wasn't chancellor angela
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merkel's first parliamentary speech since announcing she will step down as party leader and she was unusually passionate. she vigorously defended the migration pact, saying acting internationally is the only way to solve global problems. >> it is in our national interest to improve the conditions for refugees and employment migration. >> this was a budget debate, traditionally a chance for the opposition to attack the government's policies, but the largest opposition party is under pressure itself. stung by a standalone -- stung by a scandal over donations, the parliamentary leader lashed out. >> you have no right to criticize us on moral grounds. step out of your glasshouse and stop throwig stones. you will only hit yourself in the end. >> merkel was unfazed.
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>> the nice thing about free debates is everyone can talk about whatever they think is important to the country. >> smaller opposition parties took the government to task for in action. -- inaction. >> people are sick of become coalition with its bad compromises. it is clearly incapable of solving people's real problems. >> this coalition is like a self-help group. it is not concerned with the needs of society. >> after such unusually animated parliamentary exchanges, politicians returned to the dryer task of discussing next year's budget. sarah: in germany, it is the concentration camp that the world forgot, but one of its last survivors has been talking to dw about her experiences. dw's linda met with a woman who
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the camp north of berlin was built to punish teenage girls who failed to get in line with the nazi regime. >> one morning, there was a military rollcall and they shououted, what is your name? we didn't know where they were taking us. they asked us what we had done and we said nothing. they laughed, yeah, they said. the guards took me and my sister away. my mother was left alone at a concentration camp. that was the worst part. linda: her mememory remains very clear for certain events in her life. she would members exactlyy when she was separated from her mother in a concentration camp. she was taken 500 kilometers
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away to a special camp for girls. she is now 92 years old and is one of the lasast three survivos of the camp that had long been forgotten. >> it was such hard work. we were young women and we didn't know how to do the work properly. we had to kneel down on the floor and peeled be root -- peel beetroot all the time. once i said i just wanted to lie down and never get up. linda: little remains today of the camp, 19 minutes north of berlin. 1200 young women and girls were forced to work here. they suffered daily humiliation
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and some were used in medical experiments. they were sent to the camp for behavior deemed "antisocial" by the nazi regime. >> examples of this behavior were girls who had had a relationship with a foreigner, which was banned. or girls who were part of the jazz and swing group known as swing youth or other youth groups that opposed the hill or youth and were against the not see regime. -- the hitler youth and were against the nazi regime. linda: many women remained quiet about their suffering for decades. there were no survivors association's set up and many have never received any compensation. even today, very little is known about the camp. for decades, she never spoke about her experiences there.
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just 15 years ago, nearing 80 years old, she found the strength to tell her family about her time there. the shame she felt there despite being a political prisoner remained with her for all of those silent years. >> for all of those years, we thought, we can''t feel like ths forever. at some point, people had to figure out what happened i in te camps. sarah: an incredibly moving and important story. stephen is back now with more news. stephen: talking about ikea, the world's largest furniture retailer is set to/thousands of jobs as it focuses on e-commerce. workers in communications are most likely to get the ax. it is a rare case of restructuring for the furniture giant, which has so far seemed immune to the struggles of brick and mortar stores. the company has focused on
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expanding its online presence. the company says it will increase hiring on the digital side. venezuela's economic crisis continues to deepen. just today, there is news of corruption at a national level. the former treasurer admitting to receiving $1 million in bribes, as if venezuelans struggle to pay for food. meat has become anan example tht only a few can afford.d. >> the scene appears idyllic, but these cows are locked in a courtyard in the venezuelan capital. they will be butchered andnd sod on the black market. in this applet neighborhood, resistance against urban farmers is growing.. neighbors complain about the smell, flies, , and have concers abt t hygiene. >> i came to verify that with the neighbors were saying wass trtrue and it was. there e were five cocows.
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i arrived on monday and the complaints were from saturday, so we think several cows had already been slaughtered. the meat was beieing sold theree without t any type of refrigeratation and without sanitary m measures. >> procuring food is a daily battle in venezuela. meat is particularly scarce. the cows have come a long way to the capital. they are being butchered here in the city, where well-to-do families can afford to pay the higher rates. with the economic crisis deepening, butchers often sell their meat for as much as 10 times the government set rate for beef. for m many venezuelans, that t s half one m months rent. -- half a month's rent. >> the distributors sell to us for a high price, so wewe can't sell the meat at the government i give it a, because we already
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bite expensive, because otherwise, w we would have to close shop. if we don't sell what we can, we would have to sell the business. the government of venezuela had long encouraged people to grow fruit and vegetables in the city and even suggested rabbits to eat. cows were not part of the plan. stephen: back to sarah now with a big sports story. sarah: we are heading to world cup territory, because the 2022 world cup is underway in four years and the host nation, qatar, is pushing forward with plans for the turn at. with time ticking away, the projects still face plenty of challenges and controversies. >> theee for president cast his eye over the status of qatar's world cup stadiums and while work i is s still in prog, thvevenues aeadydy look impressive. qatar is building six arenas for the tournament, all fitted with
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air-conditioningng to make the temperature more suitable for football. the legendary spanish midfielder now plays in guitar and says the cooling system makes all the difference on the pitch. >> we need it. it is necessary because of the weather sometimes, but we felt very well in the pitch because of the air-conditioning. >> the gulf state is pouring 200 billion euros i io the ambitious plans of making the region's rst ever w world cup a success. the decision to host the tournament i in qatar remains se of the b bigge conontroveres i n sports. reports of forced labor and dangerous working conditions for migrant laborers have led to criticism from organizations such as amnesty internationanal. european football figures have also complained about the timing of the tournament. the move from june and july to november and december means the matches will take lace and the middle of the season for major european leagues.
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it is still unknown how many teams will take part. qatar has based its plans around a 32 team competition, but the fee for chief wants to expand the -- the fifa chief wants to expapand the tournament and brig the number of countries involved to 48. despite the issues, he remains positive about the qatari showpiece. >> the progrgress that wasas mae here four years before the kickoff of the world cup is great. it is fantastic. we looking very much forward. >> fans may not share his enthusiasm yet. qatar has four more years to prove the football world wrong. sarah: a quick reminder of the top stories we are following before we go. british prime minister theresa may has met with european commission had jean-claude juncker in brussels. a spokesman said the two made very good progress on agreeing to a blueprint for the future relations with the block after
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brexit. may is intent on finalizing the details of the divorce agreement ahead of a summit with eu leaders on sunday. the european commission has rejected italy's 2019 budget, but the country's populist government has vowed to defend itits plans, especially on welfe , setting the two sides on a collision course. and with that, you're up to date on dw news. i am sarah kelly and berlin. thank you so much for watching. have a great day. [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit ncicap.org]
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