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tv   France 24  LINKTV  May 31, 2019 5:30am-6:00am PDT

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>> hello, welcome live from paris. it's 1:00? the french capital. take a look at what is making headlines this hour. in a dramatic move, president donald trump says america will impose tariffs on all goods from mexico as he demands its southern neighbor curb illegal immigration into the states. also, another round of protests and anger at the government's plan to slash state spendnding educucation. homecoming with the body ofof
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the long-t-time opposition lead return in time for a burial more han two years after he died. we begin in washington, where president donald trump has announced tariffs on all goods from mexico. this as he demands the country curb illegal immigration into the u.s. in a series of tweets, trump said from june 10, a 5% tariff will be imposed. it would slowly rise until the illegal immigration problem is remedied.. inin response,e,exico has described the proposal as disastrous. shirley zipon has more. >> donald trump has warned his announcement would be big.
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the u.s. president is threatening to slap massive tariffs on all mexican goods. he tweeted, on june 10, the united states will impose a 5% tariff on all goods coming into our country from mexico. until such time as illegal migrants coming through mexico and into our country stop. the plan is to increase tariffs every month from 5% to 10% to 15%, 20% and 25% by october. unless mexico toughens further its fight against illegal immigration. according to u.s. authorities, thousands of migraras from central amamerica crossss into u.s. every day. and more people have reportedly arrived in recent weeks. mexico officials have been wondering whether the u.s. was serious with its threat. >> i believe that it is something that is not destined to happen because it would be
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extremely serious. >> the mexican president has called his u.s. counterpart to resolve the crisis for dialogue. the u.s. and mexico's economies are closely intertwined with many u.s. companies producing in mexico. plus, president trurump has jus lifted tariffs on mexican steel and to pass a new north america trade deal. his threats of new tariffs would be a new obstacle for that deal, which parliaments in the u.s., mexico and canada have yet to approve. joining me in t the studio is international affairs commentator, doug, has what has prompted donald trump to take what even his supporters would regard as a drastic action against both a neighbor and a country that seemed to be a close ally? >> it's a good thing too point out.
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even his own white house aides were taken off guard and slightly alarmed by this draconian action, if you will. it's a classic case no matter how you look at it of what you call a trumper t tantrum. we have seen it before with donald trump. he stormed into his campaign and into this presidency with two signature issues -- railing on trade and against migrants, illegal migrants, notably with regard to mexico, calling them murderers and rapists. he never dropped that line. it has been consistent throughout his presidency. everything leads back to the wall. he never got the mononey he wand to build his wall. he first said he would make mexico pay. that didn't happen. then he shut down congress, partially shut down the federal government to get his money, no result. still didn't get it. he declares a national emergency to try to do an end run, to go around congress to get his money. courts blocked him from doing that. what does he do after that?
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he freezes foreign aid to guatemala, salvador, honduras. migrants are subject to rape, violence, threats of murder and so on. then what does he do? a few weeks ago he threatens to seal the mexican border with the united states, just seal the whole thing. that really alarmed a lot of people even in his own camp. mexico is a very close ally of the united states. in so many areas. the fact of sealing a border -- trump is right now up against a wall, going into the 2020 campaign cycle. you have this sense of he wants to do something. we were talking yesterday about robert mueller. he was put up against the wall, a rebuke from the former counsel to donnal trump. he needs sometething to get the base riled up, a shiny object to distract the minds of the american people, get them
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focused on the campaign. this is the perfect shiny object for him to do that with. >> the big question is, does he have the authority? >> yes, he says -- well, all that realllly matterers in trum world is that he says he has the authority. he is often -- once you depart from that premise, he has the backing, congressional immunity even though the democrats control l the house, the republicans still control the senate. so basicallyly the law at ththi popoint is whatt donald trump s it is. how is he justifying it? he is pointing to evoking emergency powers, which he was able to do citing a national emergency. you will remember back in february, cited a national emergency to try to get his funding. what was the emergency? all of these migrants coming across the border. it is true, migrants are coming across the border, may is expected to be another peak month. the issue, his critics would assert, the worst way to solve them is through these types of
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actions, tariffs and migration do not interact. even a staunch trump ally basically said, charles grassley, iowa republican, he said immigration and trade, they don't go together. you can't mix these policies. he sees this as an abuse or misuse of presidential tariff authority. he is invoking this 1977 law that can be used, cite a national emergency to impose tariffs on certain countries. that has never, ever been used in this way before. >> if he does follow through with these threats, what are the likely conseququences, doug? >> paradoxically it could hit the mexexican -- yes, the amerin but also the mexexican economy suchch a way --- we alreready se memexican peso declinining in v. it could lead to more migrgrant looking g for work in the u.s. in the short term, it's also helping mexico's competitiveness against the u.s. by declining
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the mexican peso is falling today, that makes the -- things cheaper for mexicans. for the mexicans that is helping boost their economy in the short term. a lot of this political impact will be picked up by american consumers because it will be american companies paying for the tariffs imposed on these goods. vehicles, machinery, medical equipment, fruits and vegetables coming across the border. but something we don't talk about as much, oil, energy sector. after canada and saudi arabia, mexico is the biggest importer of oil to the united states last year. this could add about $3 to a barrel of crude oil. that is nothing to sneeze at. paparadoxically this could have disastrous effect, as you said in your introduction, on the economy, just the opposite effect to what donald trump wants. that is not just me saying it, many aides and economists. >> thank you. in other news thousands have taken to the streets across
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brazil for yet another round of protests and anger at the government's plan to slash h ste spending on education. public universities are set to have 30% of their funding cut in the second half of this year. this at the direction of the president. here is our report. >> demonstrations continued into the night as tens of thousands protested budget cuts they say will gut the country's education system. >> the future of the university is under threat. and the cuts will make the life of the students in the universities difficult. brazilian universities produce a lot of research. these types of cuts affect the research. >> at the heart of the matter, plans to freeze over a billion euros of education funding. it would many a 3 30% budget t for federal universities.
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po testers call it -- protesters call it an assault on education. they marched all over the country, in rio, sao paolo and brazilia, with signs reading books and pencils are our weapons. it's the second protest in as many weeks. the president called the protesters youthful idiots manipulated by their professors. these remarks only fanned the flames. >> i think the main message is that a 30% cut to education is absurd, that it makes higher education impossible in this country. e are against the cuts they're imposing in brazil. >> support has plummeted in his first five months in office. the government now says it will free up more education funds to make up for some of the loss. >> to africa now, and supporters of -- claims he was such a
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threat to the former president that even his corpse had to remain abroad. that is now no longer the case. twtwo years aftfter dying in belgium, his body is returning home for burial. for decades he was the focus of congo's opposition and the arrival of his remains underscore a dramatic shift in the country's political landscape. the surprise election earlier this year has proven it. here is our report. >> a long awaited and final homecoming for the former opposition leader more than two years after his death. his son, now the country's president, led a procession through the airport to meet his father's coffin when it landed and several thousand onlookers waited outside. after receiving military honors, the convoy then made its way to a memoriall service. massive crowds of supporters had gathered hours in advance to pay their respects to the man many so affectionately called papa
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etienne. >> it's really an extraordinary day. it is the father of our democracy who is gone. he is everything. e was the bough of our tree. >> he must rest because he has dedean lot. i am happy we can have a ceremony worthy of his name. >> in february 2017, the immensely popular person died. his family and the party he had led failed to reach an a agreemt with the former president. the regime fearing it would ignite political unrest. the deadlock ended in 2018 when his son felix rose to pow irpaving the way for his father's body to finally return home after two years in a belgium morgue.
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his casket will be displayed on friday before a state funeral on saturday in a town east of the capital. >> the anti-establishment party demao as the leader. he scored a resounding 80%. after the result was announced, he promised a profound reorganization. vote of confidence following last week's defeat in the european parliamentary election, five stars scoring just 17th, half as much as the ruling coalition partner. our rome correspondent has more on what is in store for that coalition. >> the governmenent proceceeds now and i ththink that's very mh the mood in the country, because we have seen the strengths, the growth of the league,
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particularly this election, with 34% ofof the vote. hee leader of the league is emboldened by this result. he wants to push ahead with policies that are not going to necessarily be supported by the five star movement. this will remain a africa tuss coalition going forward. there is also speculation that he wants to get rid of some of the five star ministers. there is plenty of room for clashes in the future and also the role of the prime minister. the prime minister was a compromise candidate. he has been put forward by the five star movement. where does that leave his position? most people believe the deputy prime minister iseally the e a shaky al force in this coalition. it will probably hold together in the short-term term but in a fefew months' time, who knows?
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sosolvini c could push to disis e parliaiament,all for fresh elections. we will have to wait and see. >> moving on, in the latest development in the u.s. abortion debate, missouri is planning to ban the state's only clinic from carrying out pregnancy terminations saying it hasn't complied with regulations. in response planned parenthood says it's a political tactic and court.en the case to >> missouri's last abortion clinic, will it shut down by the end of the day? its license expires friday. usually it's reissued almost automatically. but not this time. the state says the st. louis clinic has violated regulations. state officials even demanded to interrogate its doctors. >> planned parenthood has had ample time, more than two
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months, to address the identified deficiencies. >> planned parenthood, backed by these protesters, said the regulations in question are a series of ash trashey rules that keep -- arbitrary rules that keep changing like the size of clinic doors. it says the state's goal is to limit abortions. that's why planned parenthood took the case to court, asking a judge to rule it can keep operating. >> missourians are out in the streets behind us today, making their voices heard in opposition to this weaponized, politicized process, becauause people shoul have access to safe, legal abortion in this state. >> missouri's abortion clinics have shut down one after the other due to restrictive regulations. if the st. louis clinic shuts down, missouri would be first state with no abortion facilities in 4545 years since e supreme court ruled access t to abortion w w a right.
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governor mike parson recently sisigned a bill banning the procedure beyond eight weeks of pregnancy. missouri is one out of more than a dozen states fighting abortion. their goal -- taking the case back to the supreme court. debate, they're returning 96 containers of waste. it will cost canada but it could also set a precedent for countries looking to stop accepting foreign waste products . we have more. >> good riddance, the philippines said goodbye to 69 containers fulull of canadian waste. it's headed home on this container ship. they say it was sent illegally to the philippines years ago labeled as recyclable plastics. he containers instead held
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trash that included diapers. they recalled their ambassador to ottawa threatening to sever ties and dump the trash in canadian waters. the return will cost the canadian government over $1 million. presidenttory for the of the southeast nation looking toto stem the flow of trash int the region. >> it is a deplorable practice that a lot of countries, especially in the north, do to get rid of the waste that they cannot process in their own countries. wherever this happens it impings on human rights of the people who accept the waste. much of the developed world sends recyclable trash. most ends up in the ocean. malaysia said tuesday it would return as much as 2,000 tons back to countries like
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australia, the united states and britain. >> this friday at the world health organization's no tobacco day and therefore raising awareness particularly for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. this disease is set to become the third leading cause of death worldwide by 2030. peter o'brien has s the story. >> it's a disease which gets worse over time, has no known cure and 1/5 of smokers get it. copd destroys the inside ofof t lungs s and clogs the airways wh mucus. globally it's estimated to kill more than three million people a year, mostly in low income coununtries. copd is a massive health probobm in rich countries too, despite going largely unremargd by the public. in france only one in five people have heard of it. 17% of the people with the
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disease don't realize they hava it. to mark nono tobacco day, paris mayor has announced a smoking ban for 10% of parks in a bid to tackle a huge public health cost and give people's l lungs a breather. >> joining me in the studio now is catherine from our business desk. the tariffs slapped on mexico and it's just 10 days until those new tariffs apparently come into effect. >> 10 days isn't a lot of time for mexico to prepare itself for tatariffs. the u.s. has vowed to escalate them rising from 5% to 10% in july, and up to 25% by october if mexicoo hasn't taken steps t stem the flow of migranants comg ininto the u.s. of course, it comes at a peculiar time, just as the u u., cananada and mexexico arare put the finishing touches on their rebound to nasa deal now known
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as the united states-mexico-canada agreement. canada launched the ratification process on wednesday and yesterday the trump administration followed suit by kick-starting the approval process with congress. the latest movie sentitionly pu the whole process on ice. >> more news from president trump. during his state visit, he will threaten to limit the sharing of intelligence with the british government if the u.k. allows raway to build its mobile network. the u.s. accuses the chinese tech giant of spying and wants other countries to follow its example in blacklisting the company. not everyone has been cut off. >> it's been shut out of american 5-d networks and donald trump is heaping pressure on otherr countriries to follow su the company is looking to different markets in which to expand. russssia has welcomed increasin investment from the chinese telecom's giant in its science
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and technology sectors. this nonprofit organization founded by the russian government is one such beneficiary. >> we have just signed an agreement on a laboratory which will receive an investment of $2 million from raway in three years. >> work at t the organization wl ocus on a development of a 5-g network and artificial intelligence. itit's not alone. this i.t. company in moscow is also workiking with raway. >> at the enend of last year, w jointly developeped a technological program to detect people's movements. for example, the technology can track a man driving to a parking lot and walking to a a shopping mall. it can also detect the location of the man's car. >> russia is going against the tide in developing its cooperation with the company, disregarding the u.s.' security concerns about the outside role that chinese company will play in the rollout of 5-g netetwork
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> now let's take a look at t markets. major european inindices fell sharply t today o t the back k the news of u.s. tariffs on mexico. down over 1.5% and the dax seeing the b biggest declilinin plummeting almosost 2%. nonow for some of the business headlines for you at this hour. the bank of italy has warned the country's coalition government nott to wadede in saying the ri of higher spending must not be underestimated. it aligns itself with the european commission which had been at loggerheads with the italian g governmenent for mont trying to get it to reduce public spending and reduce its debt. almost a month after a disappointing debut on wall street, the firm boasted a $1 billion n loss for the first quarter. however revenue rose to $3.1 billion. the company says it's keeping its foot to the pedal, citing
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moves into electric scooters and aircraft. mark zuckerberg came out unscathed from facebook's share holders meeting. some investors voted for him to step down as chairman but the votes didn't pass because of zuckerberg himself. he holds over 60% of the board's voting power. the only way he will be overthrownwn is if he votes against himself. the confederation of britisish industry has issued a warning to members s of the u.k.'s conserervativeve party vying fo leadership over the vote with e.u. without a deal. they said a no deal would inflict damage on small and large businesses. he says the fast vast majority of firms can never be prepared for no deal. this comes after u.k. car production plummeted in april. here is more on ththat. >> it wawas the sharpest fall i
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u.k. car manufacturing since recession hit the country 10 years ago. just under 71,000 vehicles rolled off the production lines year.il, down 44% year on manufacturers blame the uncertainty created by brexit. in the run-up to the u.k.'s original march 29 leaviving day. to try and avoid disruption to their lines, some companies brought forward annual maintenance shutdowns normally scheduled for the summer holidays. they say the shuttingng of factories would include stockpiling of logistics. they called april's figures evidence of the vast cost and upheaval. brexit uncertainty has already wrought on u.k. automotive manufacturing and called for no deal to be taken o off the t ta immediately and permanently.
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carmakers including toyota and b.m.w. have warned that no deal could lelead to plant closures d job losses. car manufacturing accounts for about 9% of overall manufacturing output in britain. currently over 52% of exports go to the e.u. april's fall in production is ththe 11th straight m monthly decline with previous declines in the u.k. >> in a historic win for equality, j.p. morgan is paying out $5 million to settle a discrimination case. an employee took the bank to court saying it denied him 16 weeks of paid parental leave because he was a man. the american civil liberties union took on the case, calling it illegal sexual discrimination and it is the first settlement of its kind. some good news coming from the finance world. >> indeed. it's an interesting development, isn't it?
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>> that's catherine with the day's business news. that's it for this edition, back after a short break. stay with us on "france 24."
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