a brutal crime planned and perpetrated by saudi officials: that is how the u.n. investigates the extrajudicial killings in describing the murder of jamal khashoggi. results from the probe into the saudi reporter's death which shocked the world last year. set tonvestigators are launch criminal proceedings against those responsible for the downing of malaysia airlines might nh-17. the plane was shot down in 20 17 over eastern ukraine, killing 298 people on board. and five conservative candidates go head-to-head in the u.k. toh boris johnson poised take over from theresa may as prime minister. he had 40% of support in the most recent vote and with brexit as the major focus in recent debates, he pledged that the u.k. will leave that you by
october 31. now, we are going straight to -- ♪ >> now, we are going live to i top story, and that is united nations on the murder of jamal khashoggi live in geneva. along with the liability of other individuals. >> in your report, you suggest -- potential targeting of sanctions. can you elaborate on that and
that states say should claim or invoke universal jurisdiction and this international crime? can you tell us what you mean by that? questione first regarding the targeted sanctions of individuals, as you know, because it has been widely reported, the number of has taken measures members from 17 to 20 or 21. so far, the highest senior have not been included in that. what i point out in my report is that the effectiveness of those
is heavy onctions the level of seniority. i have an issue with the sanctions. is second point i am making that the international criminal investigations into the responsibility of the conference , it is logical to be included in the sanctions until and unless there is evidence .rovided first, i want to make a couple of points. isversal jurisdictions
usually in regard to crimes that fit a certain level. they are usually war crimes. report,borate in my there is no real legal reason as to why universal jurisdiction cannot be claimed within a single killing, particularly violated a range of international law conditions. it violated the convention of relations. it violated and enforced these appearances and it may have violated the convention against torture. the circumstances of the execution, in my view, made it a
particularly important case for universal jurisdiction. what does it mean in practice? when and ift international, criminal or investigation of a criminal nation undertaken by other states determined that the responsibilities are involved, then it is incumbent upon them to take the necessary action. >> and by necessary action, does that include arresting? including responsibilities of a level -- could you maybe tell us about
your thoughts on the trial in saudi arabia and elaborate on why you think it is not critical. already, the trial of 11 suspects in saudi arabia is not meeting the principal and standard that, to my opinion, should govern a trial link to been execution. i should also mention the great level of international interest thatommitment to the trial to this other countries trial.
for all those reasons, that trial cannot be seen, cannot be prosecuted as a domestic issue because far too many -- the notion that the trial should be , the idea that there is no need of transparency, i think must be rejected. in addition to that, i have some real concerns. initially, 20 people were 11 indicted. there's no information as to why the other nine have not been charged. there is a secrecy over the proceedings of the trial, so ise of that, in my view,
leading to what i would consider to be a credible process. for all those reasons, i have to lookn authorities toward the international community in order to investigate further and proceed with a fair trial. >> could you be specific about that? you see any sort of international committee getting involved? >> i don't see anything. my inquiry is a human rights inquiry. i focused on the state and the international human rights remark. under that framework, the state is responsible for delivering a credible trial and for delivering fair trial guarantees. that theendation is trial must stop and that
international support must be called for, in terms of credible investigation into the killing along the lines of what i have mentioned. if there is an international terminal investigation into the trial as i have suggested, one key objective of that should be to actually build on each possible defendant. with that, i think the trial can proceed. in terms of other instruments besides saudi arabia, of course there is a range of options. , any kind of mechanisms that will deliver a credible process and a credible outcome. that was the lead investigator for the human inquiry into the murder of jamal
khashoggi. for more on that story, a little context, i'm joined onset. of that report were released today. can you take us through the key findings? >> it basically says that the crown prince himself, mohammad bin salman, should be investigated as part of this murder investigation. she is calling for inquiry into aat this means for premeditated, and next to judicial killing carried out in the saudi consulate and istanbul last october. there has been no such real, open, transparent international inquiry. she has condemned what has been a process in saudi arabia, a trial in which 11 unnamed officials have been on trial in a closed-door proceeding.
we don't know their names, no public names have been released. the basic point is that needs to end. and if you really want to have justice done, you need to have that inquiry launched and you need to have real justice done and you need to also investigate the highest level officials and the saudi kingdom. part of the report goes into some very grisly detail because a human rights expert, in , she visitedeing turkey. teamrt of that visit, her got to listen to what the described as chilling and gruesome audiotapes. audiotapes in which you could sounds,eams, choking and the moments leading up to a timetable believe that jamal khashoggi was killed in that consulate. there is also evidenced in the report of conversations even before jamal khashoggi walked into that consulate.
evennutes before he entered the premises of a conversation among officials already gathered about dismembering his body. does that make you feel any better? no. they do not have that smoking gun evidence. kingdom, prince in a given the amount of resources, planning, financial resources that would have gone into such an operation, he almost certainly knew that there was some sort of mission targeting jamal khashoggi underway. >> as you point out, it has been more than six months and there has been no independent, transparent inquiry into this issue. what do you think that is? happening,hat despite the fact that the cia, the u.s. cia, and many western countries also believe that the crown prince -- he was directly implicated in ordering it or at least had some knowledge of
something bad about to happen. why hasn't it happened? one of the explanations, there refusal to saudi permit an international investigation. they would see that as rejecting their own judicial sovereignty and a slap in the face to their own investigation that they say is underway, and investigation that has been dismissed by this commission. officials notably refused to allow the yuan human rights experts to visit saudi arabia. also, very importantly, the u.s. administration, the cia believes that there is evidence leading -- linking nds. -- mbs. itselfmp administration has not directly pointed the blame of the crown prince. they have deplored the murder, but they have put, first and
foremost, front and center, the u.s. strategic alliance with saudi arabia and it is notable to point out that mike pompeo recently announced that the u.s. is going to be selling $8 billion in weapons to both saudi arabia and its allies, the united arab emirates. >> of course, for context. thank you for more on that story. >> a climate of this nature, an international crime of this nature was not met. thirdly, that the highest level of the state must have known that the crime scene was being tampered with. for that reason, the responsibility of the highest levels of the government is involved in what amounts to tampering with the crime scene. you -- could ask
[indiscernible] >> no. i hope and i believe that the work i have done is in keeping with the mandate. my report, i think, is fair. it is very technical. it is offering a human rights reading. to offer aseeking way for the international community, for saudi arabia, the withd nations to learn stronger instruments to tackle other targets in the future. i believe i have done all of waye things in an impartial
and in good faith, and i trust that the individuals and the governments understand that this was the process and the outcome. >> what is the next step? of following up, do you have concerns at a political -- [indiscernible] no, i am not worried about this. it is not really part of my work. institutionat the of the united states remains independent and impartial.
>> what are the next steps, what is your call with the secretary-general? my report makes a range of references to the united nations. for the secretary-general, i am suggesting that he proceed with appointing a panel of experts to undertake an international criminal inquiry into the killing, something i haven't done. with regard to the security council, i'm only suggesting at this point that execution of jamal khashoggi and the targets of journalists, they can extract for their own functions.
i have a number of recommendations for members to in general, including the most important one, to take stock of the fact that we are leaving or entering a world where peace and are under threat in many parts of the world. is the element of it that are of people taking positions that some governments are disagreeing with. it is incumbent upon the member states to take all the necessary actions to protect those individuals we need those individuals, they are the ones providing information to you, journalists, to me, to the international community, and calling on member states around the world to ensure that they abide by their responsibility to
protect those who have sought safety in their territory. >> what is the benchmark of -- ins for international other words, does somebody need to go to trial and be convict? what would you say? as an international expert into that issue, i do want to highlight and call for a judicial process. however, aware of the context, and i also believe that accountability can be driven by politics.
accountability can be the result of a promise. benchmark resides in the sense that justice has been delivered. whether it is a formal judicial arabia andn saudi outside saudi arabia, this was the first and the last. that is the state of saudi arabia. to me, i did not know jamal khashoggi. i believe that he would take great hope in the fact that his execution will never be repeated including by the state of saudi arabia to which she was so attached. >> thanks, guys.
will be following that story later this afternoon, so stay tuned for more coming out of geneva on the murder of jamal khashoggi. now, it is time to take a look at the top business stories. revival between the u.s. and china as the g20 summit approaches. >> donald trump says an extended meeting with his chinese counterpart will take place on the sidelines of the g20 in osaka next week. talks between the sides broke down last month as the u.s. accused china of reneging on previous commitments. a meeting for now avoids the threat of new u.s. tariffs being applied to some $325 billion in chinese imports not get targeted. analysts are doubtful any deal will be struck. trump talked up his personal relationship with xi.
trump: as you know, you may have read a couple of ends about china. i spoke to president xi, terrific president, a great leader of china. i spoke to him this morning at length, and we'll see what happens. we are going to have another deal, and if we don't have a deal, that is ok, too. trump has lashed out over possible new economic stimulus measures for the eurozone. thehe drop in value against dollar, could restart the program of bond purchases and cut interest rates and inflation fails to pick up. from calling that currency manipulation, noting that you see in. indexes rose. bloomberg also reporting from has explored the legality of demoting the u.s. chief central banker over interest rate hikes in the u.s. last year. >> and what about the market,
how are they shaping up? >> asian indexes saw a big bounce. here in europe, markets are back down to earth today as investors look ahead to hands from the u.s. federal reserve later today that it might soon cut u.s. interest rates off by a quarter percent. both just north of the flatlined at midday. >> the u.s. aviation giant boeing. >> we will hear testimony from pilots who have criticized boeing changes to flight control software blamed in two deadly crashes. those resulted in worldwide groundings of popular 737 jets. a new order from british airways' parent company is
breathing new life into the program. >> first quarter after a global scandal. , there hass air show finally been a breath of fresh air. iag says it intends to buy 200 boeing 737 maxes, even if the plane remains grounded. over flight control software blamed for two deadly crashes. the company thanked them on social media for their trust. the letter of intent is valued at $24 billion. but they have also been given a major discount. this is the first order to come in since the ethiopian airlines crash last march. since that crash and the lion air crash before that, boeing has been in the hot, being investigated into software issues. airbus'production
lines are already full. confident they will solve those issues. we are confident that they will get these issues dealt with. >> boeing still has a long way to go. it shook the confidence of travelers and pilots and the company still needs to go through ongoing hearings, get regulators to ok their planes, not to mention compensating the airlines and the families that lost loved ones. >> that was your business roundup for the hour. we will be back in just a moment with more live news broadcast.
new cuisine, you have to be kind of savvy and also a little bit careful, right? you're trying to create a market when it's not there. the fact that thai food had gained a reputation in west hollywood and other places as, you know, delicious food, but it was a certain kind of thai food. that opened the way for these newer chefs to say,