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tv   France 24  LINKTV  August 19, 2019 5:30am-6:01am PDT

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♪ >> stop ignoring our demands, say protest leaders in hong kong after a massive peaceful march. one .7 million people showed up. three turkish mayors fired for having links to the band kurdish .orkers party,
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posted vladimir putin in versailles. welcome back. instart with protest leaders hong kong holding a press conference. they said their freedoms were being rolled back and hong kong was becoming like mainland china. they managed t to prove the protest movement is not as violent as beijing makes outut, after a huge portion of the population took to the streets in bad weather. yuka royer reports. returnsse of normalcy to hong kong after tens of thousands filled the streets. sunday was a far cry from recent weeks marked by tear gas and violence. >> showing in a peaceful way is
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important. the government iterates violence way t to solve any problems. >> an estimated 1.7 people turned out. >> the proportion of applications being rejected has grown from 0.01% to close to 30% since the onset of the movement. back andty is falling turning into one that resembles the mainland. some are showing support in a different way. makingkery has started traditional moon cakes m marked with pro protest phrases. represent our
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voices. they reflect the actual situation. feelingve a special towards these phrases. some say moon cakes were used by medieval revolutionists to send secret messages. turkey, three mayors from a pro-kurdish party are out of a job in -- and more than 400 people have been arrested. for more on this, i spoke to jasper mortimer. i asked him how this move was being received. party, they have come out strtrongly againsnst i. one of theheir mbs called it --
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mps c cled it a despicable coup against a a wealth of pepeople. he warned the population at large, if remained silent, could happen to his temple. -- happen to istanbul. two oppositionon partieses thatd k keep disistance from the kurdish cause for fear of alienating mainstream turkish voters, the republicans people and the islamic fundamentalist party, both of them have come out against this. the republican people's party opted not for has
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democracy, but fascism. >> the kurds are likely to and my greaeatest fearr groroupurdish insurgent will see an opportunity inin th. the people are angry.. let's capitalize on thatat anger and let's strike against the security forces or by destiny -- or by detonating a car bomb. people protest, thehe government wilill say it is fighghting terrorists. >> in the lead up to next week's g7 summimit, emmanuel macron is holding talks with force johnson. that is on thursday.
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he has another key b bilateral .eeting with russia's president key topics include iran, syria, and ukraine. >> he was hosted in style in versailles. emmanuel macron is welcoming vladimir putin to france again. they set to address topics, the top of which is the conflict in ukraine. macron is hoping to revive the cease-fire deal. he will encourage putin to meet , to end the war which has killed people since 2014. iran will feature high on the agenda. paris will encourage moscow to use its ties to prevent the
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situation from escalating further. he is also expected to use his influence toto help end the warn syria. syriancontinues to back government forces. moscow and damascus insist there forces a are not targeting civilians. ahead of a meeting in france later this week, they are keen to show moscow it is not ostracized. president is expected to tread lightly on at least one sensitive russian domestic issue. they have called for fair elections in moscow. iran has warned the u.s. against any attempt to seize the tanker at the center of around between iran and the u.k..
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it has been held for six weeks. the u.s. is trying to detain it longer. >> day turned tonight off the coast of gibraltar before the anchor was raised. this supertanker was allowed to set sail witith a new flag and new name. britishwas seized by warm rains in july, it was called the grace one -- by the british back in july, it was called the grace one. an iranian flag has now been wasted on board. it was impounded on suspicion of keyring oil to syria, in violation ofof the eu sanctions targeting the mass this.. continuesion tamron -- an allegation tehran continues to deny.
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they retaliated by seizing a british tanker in the gulf. they were given the green light to move after the british territory rerejected a west from washington to keep it stationary. the e u.s. are trying to detain the vessel. they had links to the revolutionary guards. trialr bashir has gone on trialnths after his -- on four months after his arrest. this is the military rulers and protest leaders and they start implementing a landmark deal meant to pave the way for civilian rule. claire rush reports. it is a power-sharing deal. the country has yet to face its past.
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triall-bashshir is standi in sudan on charges of possessing foreign currency and receiving gifts illegally. protesesters a are angry he is t facing more areas c charges. investigations have been announced into money laundering, terror financing, and the killing of protesters. justice will be difficult to obtain. >> bear witness to the fact the old regime left no crime uncommitted. for these -- all of these crimes make legislative action one of the most important rules of the government. warrant stems from a 2009 charm -- charge from the international criminal court.
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sudanese authorities have refused to hand bashir over. the security apparatus remains in place as the military has outlined a power-sharing deal outlined last week in. many see the trial as a gesture towards accountability, saying real charges may have to wait for a full civilian government. evacuatedands have been from towns as wildfires rage on a spanish i island. they started saturday. authorities request help from madrid. brian quinn has more. > paradisise inflames. a major wildfire is raging on the spanisish island. the blaze could take days to bring under control.
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facing fires that are not stabilized or controlled. has two flames, on the left and the right. it has a head and a tail. it is a raging fire that is affecting the islands. the second most populous of the canary islands. a major tourist destination that draws 14 million visitors annually. the latest fire broke out saturdrday afternoon. temperatures nearing 40 degrees celsius with low humidity and strong wind creating the perfect conditions for the blaze to spread.. 1700nday afternoon, some hectares had been scorched as the fire continued to advance. evacuations were ongoing.
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some 5000 people have been displaced from at least 40 towns. h hand toghters are on battlele the wildfire with suppt from over a dodozen aircraft. the latest fire comes after another broke out in the same region. it forced hundreds to evacuate. >> yesterday was international floss day. pajamasn excuse to wear all day long in one town. weit is the one day of year will -- where not getting out of bed is encouraged. >> we lays around. nonobody does anything today. >> every year, the only thing on people's agendas is kicking back and relaxing in whatever manner they see fit.
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>> we relax. there are activities, street games, a lot of bands comome to play. we have a lot of f fun. with other together familieses to laugh and catch u. of commerce, a hub ththey have been celebrating the annual day of laziness as a way of beating work stress. it is a reminder to workers to life in aand enjoy country where one in four are deemed overstressed. website ando to our find plenty of reports, including emmanuel macron preparing to host vladimir putin. they will be talking about ukraine, iran, and syria.
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that is happening in the south of france later today. stay tuned for france 24. ♪ >> you might think this was california. a two hour drive from mecca. the university sits on the banks of the red sea. covering 3000 600 hectares and built at a cost of $10 billion. their strictaxed rules. this is the first mixed institute in the kingdom. the weararing of the v veil is t
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obligatory. 80% of the academics come from overseas, like an american michael, who heads up the marine biology department. he is a man on a mission. >> the red sea, , the condition, natural high temperatures and the way we works think the rest of the world's oceans will look like in the not-too-distant future because of climatete change. understanding how organisms adapt to those conditions may give us insight into understanding what the chances are for the rest of the oceans to adapt. >> this morning, one of the boats is heading out on an expedition. board is a german scientist who is a trained diver. the team is sailing north to collect coral samples.
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the coastline has not been urbanized. despite the warm and salty water, the reef is well-preserved. an entire ecosystem depends on it. coral found elsewhere, fishis a key nursery for and selfish. across the world, 80% ofof specs rely on coral. poses a serious danger. if the mercury is notched up another r two degrees, 90% of te world's reefs will die. that is unless experts understand how this red sea coral manages to survive the heat. sebastian pulls out his hammer and chisel. coral is neither a plant nor a
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mineral. distant animal and a cousin of the jellyfish. >> usually i take bigger colonies. i can only take a small piece without hurting them. [indiscernible] the fragment we take off should rego -- should regrow click -- should regrow quickly. it is the least amount of damage we can do. >> a section is dipped in nitrogen. the sample is for the university of dna library. the rest is kept at room temperature and will be replanted.
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it is s only at night you realie coral is a living ring. pushes out its polyps to feed, absosorbing everything around it, plankton, bacteria, or particles of plastic. fish come to find aa dark corner to hide because at night, sharks are e on the lookout for prey. on dry land, fires of f oil rerefineries burned 24 hours a y every day. back at the university, sebastian is heading out on a dinghy. he is going to tend to his garden.
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>> three meters from the surface, he set out all of his coral samples. they have been collected from across the red sea. the idea is to spot the cream of the crop, the most resistant to changes in temperature. sebastian measures the chlorophyll levels. there are plants living in the coral. micro algae slips into its cells. it is a a perfect symbiosis. if the coral is thriving, it is because the algae is heaealthy d therefore there isis chlorophyl. while sebastian nurtures his coral, his colleagues are taking
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a closer look at the algae, which bonds with the coral in seas around the world. manuel comes from spain. he is convinced the key to saving the coral can be found in this microalgae. >> this organism is sensitive to temperature. high temperature can induce a breakdown of the symbiotic relationship they have. the coral expels the algae from the tissue. the tissue becomes translucent and we can see the skeleton. that is why we call it bleaching. some timeurvive for until it uses all of the energy reserves. then, they start to didie, basically stars. -- basically starve.
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>> how can it be studied closely? manuel has found solution.. they are much h less sensitivev. anemones. dots are sitting inside the cells of this anemone. it is the same algae that lives in the coral tissues that provides most of the food to the corals. they live inside the cells. you cannot be more intimate than that. it seems to be a codependence they have that evolves over millions of years. >> these cabinets are a anemone incubators. each one is set to the temperature of a different world ocean.
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>> w we have them fromm hawawai, florida, the red sea. these are placeses with diffffet temperatures. [indiscernible] the algae is very diverse. is it that makes temperature resilient? is the host? please organisms allow us to [indiscernible] and see what happens. heby using trial and error, reads the best fusion between the algae and the anemone and applies it to the coral. it is a simple selection process any gardener or breeder would do. others want to go further. ththey want to access the coral
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dna to modify it. are against this idea, fearing it could set off a domino effect. for the head of the department, there is no such taboo. >> we may be pushed into a situatation where we have to thk about more proactive solutions, engineer coral? we have to deal with the question of should we later. is it possible? scientists ponder over genetic modification, the selection process continues in earnest. this is what is known as brain coral. each section comes from a different region. they have been getting accustomed to each other
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as any animal species would. now, they are ready to reproduce. to see whatortant happens if we interbreed them, if we cross them, how does the offspring perform? > the corals to the south are use higher temperatures. if we can inject that into the host, we can basically create wholole populations that wilill expend temperatures they might see in 100 years from now. wewe start early enough, hope we can build a more resilient population. >> the reproduction will occur at sea. [indiscernible] >> the spohn will be triggered by a full moon in a few days time.
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♪ >> they have survived so many mass extinction events. they live through phases much hotter. if we e look at these times, wht we see is the reefs are gone. they are gone for millions of years s and then they come back. we are not afraid they might go extinct. the research is not to save them from extinction. climatee change will kill a lot of species. i am pretty sure it will come back. to problem is we are going lose the ecosystems. we cannot afford to wait hundreds, thousands of years for corals to come back. we need them now. now is when they feed hundreds of millions of people on this planet. they provide the home anand habitat for other living pcs.
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>> 500 -- habitat for other living species. ancoral bleaching would have immediate impact on mankind. the marine biologists from the university are busy
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man: donald trump has become the first u.s. president to officially recognize jerusalem as the capital of israel. woman: it is a controversial and politically risky move. man: ...a wall of flames. man 2: fears that this could create further tension. woman: fears it could spark a new uprising in the middle east. crawford: hello. i'm alex crawford in jerusalem and this is "hotspots." tonight, we're gonna take you behind the scenes of some of the world's biggest and hardest-hitting stories. we get caught up in the violence in and around jerusalem and the west bank. man: the level of anger was intense. crawford: we're on the scene as zimbabwe's military topples its longtime dictator.

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