tv The Rachel Maddow Show MSNBC April 23, 2016 3:00am-4:01am PDT
y i needed. our amex helped us fill the orders. just like that. another step on the journey. will you be ready when growth presents itself? realize your buying power at open.com >> one of the unexpected news stories of this decade. one of the unexpected things that has happened all over the country, particularly in the last five years, is that there has been a huge and rapid escalation in heroin use in our country. and also in the number of deaths in all age groups, all states, from heroin overdoses. because the heroin epidemic has been so big and because it has not been concentrate t traited in one place, all over in the cities, in suburbs, blue states, red states, every where it has led to surprising alliances in terms of people coming together to try to find a solution to
this, it led to surprising policy outcomes. in indiana, the ivy drug use problem was so pervasive in some communities the state not only had this huge drug problem on its hands with all of the things that go along with that, it had a increase in the kinds of serious diseases that can be spread through people sharing needles. including hiv that causes aids. in indiana of all places with their very conservative legislature and their very, very, very conservative governor, indiana ended up having to institute a needle exchange program. that was both sanctioned by the state and funded by the state. just because their public health crisis around heroin use got so bad. in the state of maine, maine is a state that looks big on the map but has a small population, only 1.3 million people in the whole state. the state of maine has had just an incredible problem of people
dying from drug overdoses last year. maine has a population slightly bigger than rhode island. 1.3 million in the state, maine had 272 people die of drug overdoses last year. that means just in the state of maine, a person died from a drug overdose every 32 hours in that state. all last year. and that was 31% increase over the number of people dying from drug overdoses, the previous year. so it's a terrible problem and getting much worse very fast. now, one life saving development though along side this huge spike in heroin use and overdoses, has been the increasing available built of a drug narcan. a last resort way to save somebody's life if they are overdosing. to keep them alive until paramedics get there. if a person is overdosing on opiates. it's not expensive, it's not that hard to administer. but it can really be the difference between life and death. it's basically an emergency
antido antidote. it has frequently been used to save lives. take just -- look at the example of maine and let's take one city in maine. take portland, maine, and the portland, maine fire department. that one first responding agency in that one city in that one state. in 2014 the portland maine fire department administered narcan as an emergency heroin antidote 107 times. in 2014. so like every three days or so they are saving somebody's life with this drug. that was 2014. we don't have the final numbers last year but we know they were using it at a faster pace than the year before that. as heroin use and heroin overdoses have sky-rocketed, this little cheap drug narcan has brought back hundreds of people who would probably have otherwise died. not just in that one state but in that one city.
so, last year angus king, the independent senator from the state of maine but previously governor of maine, he wrote to the biggest drug store chain in the state, he wrote to cvs and asked to take steps to make this drug more easily available to people who might need to have access to it in maine. and cvs said they were willing but in order to do it there would have to be a change in state law so they could let pharmacists at stores dispense it more easily without a precipitation. the idea is simple. if you've got a drug user in your life, people in your circle or in your community who are at risk for o.d.ing, that is a terrible thing. if you can have a dose of narcan on you or in the glove box or accessible in your house, in the awful event something like that happens you might have one last chance to keep them alive for a few minutes until the ambulance gets there and they can save
them. so, angus king asked this drug store chain to start doing that. the chain said we would love to but there does need to be a change in state law, so the drug store chain requested that the state legislature take it up. the maine state legislature for all of its partisanship, it's dysfunction like any legislature in the country, they came together around this. and the legislature passed a bill that would make narcan much more easily available in the state of maine. simply so more lives could be saved. all of the medical associations in the state came out in favor of it, all of the law enforcement organizations in the state came out in favor of it. it was not a partisan thing. full speed ahead. and maine's governor vetoed it. now, that is a little bit of an unexpected thing if you take a broad view of it. something like 30 other states have done this what maine tried to do. something like 30 other states
have taken steps to expand access. it was not like maine was going out on a limb and tried something nobody had done. lots of other states have done this. most other states in the country have done this. and maine's problem with heroin is as bad or worse than any other states that have done this. but maine's governor stepped in after everybody else in the state basically came to consensus on this. at one point one part of passing this, passed unanimously. and everybody agrees that this is a thing that can provably change lives. and the governor steps in and says nope, i won't allow it. it's kind of amazing, right? i mean, maine once again is paying the price for having this particular governor who also makes decisions and says stuff and does stuff that sometimes make it even hard to cover him as a news story.
>> we're about to put on screen what the governor said in response. some of our viewers who may find it distasteful may want to hit the mute button and turn away for the next 20 seconds or so. told the reporters senator jackson claims to be for the people but he's the first one to give it to the people without providing vaseline. when he was asked if he realized some people may find that offensive, he is reported to have said good, it ought to because i've been taking it for two years. >> only thing i heard if you take plastic bottle put it in a microwave and heated up it gives off a chemical, similar to estrogen, and so i mean, worse case some women might have little beards. these are guys in the name d money, smoothie, 14i69y, these type of guys from connecticut and new york, they come up here, sell their heroin, then go back home. incidentally, half the time they
impregnate a young white girl before they leave. i'm not going to apologize to the maine women for that. because if you go to maine you'll see that we are essentially 95% white. if you want to make it racist, go right ahead do whatever you want. >> maine's republican governor, paula pa-- paul lepage, so frequently ridiculous i think most of the rest of the country if they know anything about him at all, they think of him as funny, he is essentially a joke and made maine politics into a nationwide joke or at least he's made himself into the punch line about public service these days or the republican party these days or how about that list of people who endorse chris christie this year. i mean right. paul lepage is sometimes funny.
but what he did here, this is different. because this is the veto message he signed and published and sent to us explaining why he was vetoing this bill on the heroin thing. this bill that would expand access to the over dose reversal drug, this drug that has saved hundreds of lives in his state alone, this drug that has no purpose other than to keep people who are otherwise dying, alive for a few extra minutes, so first responders can get to them. and they will not die. this is his veto message saying he doesn't want that more available. i saw the veto message quoted in the maine newspapers and though there is a great paper i sort of couldn't believe it so we got the message from the governor's oofs and it's true. here is his explanation for why he vetoed the bill. the generic name for narcan, does not truly save lives. it merely extends them until the
next overdose. think about that for a second. he is saying if you overdose, you should not be kept alive. if the there is an option to keep you alive. because you are probably just going to overdose again. why bother. look at that. narcan does not save lives, it merely extends them. you know what, if you think about it further, i guess we all are going to die some day. so you could really say that about any medical treatment. i mean why treat your infection with penicillin or antibiotics, all that's going to do is extend your life until it ends any way some day. you have a treatable form of cancer why should the state of maine abide you getting treatment, why extend your life when it's going to end anyway. you've been in a car accident infrankly, it's a pain in the butt to patch you back together, make sure you don't bleed to keths. that would be extending your life which is after all a finite
thing. why not let it end now. and of course lepage is not making those arguments for anybody else. only making this why extend your life argument for people whose lives are at risk because of drug overdoses. yuns you are overdosing, if we have the option to save your life, the governor of that state says we as a society would be better off not saving your life. maine, the state of maine would prefer that you were dead. we'll have the option to keep you alive, we'll choose not to exercise it. maine's governor would prefer you dead. veto message says he's vetoing access to this overdose antidote because it serves only to perpetuate the circle of addiction, by which he means it serves only to perpetuate the lives of people addicted and he would prefer they die.
that would be better for maine. it is i mean, i feel like i have a thick skin when it comes to absorbing information about paul lepage. i feel i have a thick skin about politicians but this slays me. almost impossible to believe that a politician is making this argument and not just in an off the cuff stupid maybe half drunken kind of remark that they regret later. this is his written statement why he would prefer that some of his constituents should die rather than have their lives saved by a drug that costs about 5 bucks. but he's really just done this. >> people are using heroin, they are dying every day, and this drug can actually prevent those deaths. it is our responsibility to make sure that it's in the hands of people who can use it to save people's lives. >> gideon's bill would let more 3e78 have access, to keep it handy in case a friend or loved
one o.d.s. >> there are 30 states that allow pharmacists to do this. this idea that you know, we're re-inventing the wheel is not true. >> governor lepage vetoed the bill stating in part, it doesn't truly save lives, it merely extends them until the next overdose. pharmacist joe bruno says it does save lives, but that it's no cure. >> this drug, you administer it, is good for about 30 minutes. just enough time to call 911 and get this person to the hospital. this isn't a you know, a dose of narcan and you'll wake up and everything's fine. that's not how it works. >> gideon agrees but says the governor's objection is wrong, citing a local woman who wanted the antidote for her own son. >> if it could save his life 10 times over, if it took 10 times to get him clean, then it would
be worth it. >> paul lepage is an amazing thing in the state of maine. as of tonight he's also vying for a role at the republican national convention this summer in cleveland. maine is holding its republican state convention today and tomorrow to pick its delegates for the rnc. maine has a history of controversy and chaos when it comes to picking delegates for the republican convention. last time in 2012 you might remember the maine delegation wearing close pins on their noses decorated with lobsters to indicate they were from maine and b, thought the process of the rnc stunk since the national republican party in 2012 threw out half the maine delegation for supporting ron paul and instead replaced them with people who supported mitt romney that led to some of the more colorful and aggressive and even tearful screaming confrontations on the floor of the rnc in 2012 and in the convention hallways after, after the maine delegation got thrown out.
this year they are picking delegates right now. ted cruz won the maine caucus last month. nobody knows how the delegates are going to be picked today and tomorrow. governor paul lepage, he's going to try to get himself and his wife picked as delegates to the republican national convention. after initially supporting chris christie for president, lepage switched to donald trump. he is opposed to ted cruz getting the nomination because he is a ted cruz birther. he doesn't believe ted cruz is eligible to become president because he was born in canada. so this is a busy and complex time in the process of picking the republican presidential nominee. what's going on in maine this weekend right now as i speak, is just one indication of the kinds of complex and sometimes sorted and sometimes unbelievable state politics, and state political characters who get themselves dragged into the local process of picking delegates to pick the
republican presidential nominee. this happens weekend after weekend in these little state conventions where all local state politics ends up playing a role in this national decision. this weekend they are picking delegates at one level or another in maine, also in utah, next weekend it will be alaska and virginia and california and delaware and arizona. and that whole process of picking all the delegates and all of the local politics that plays in there, that's all taking place among the more high profile big splashy state primaries. of which we are about to have five on tuesday night. we have polling right now in four of the five states that are going to vote on tuesday. in pennsylvania, donald trump is winning by a mile. in maryland, donald trump is winning by a mile, in connecticut, donald trump winning by a mile. we got our first poll out of delaware. donald trump is winning by a mile. the only state that is voting on tuesday for which we do not yet have polling is the great state
of rhode island. it's a little weird that we don't have polling from rhode island. the polling unit at brown university said they would have their poll results ready to go last night. but look at this according to the providence journal, brown university pollsters are having a tough time getting rhode islanders to answer questions about the presidential race so now that poll results are not scheduled to come out until noon on sunday. they were supposed to be last night. quote, the pollsters have never seen this much push back in terms of people being unwilling to do the poll. being unwilling to answer the pollsters' questions. people are so sick and tired of this race they don't want to talk about it. they don't want to hear about it. they want to sit back and drink a beer. i can't blame them, end quote. says the pollster. because of the amount of beer drinking or whatever, rhode island pollsters, the people who were going to do the only poll in rhode island, maybe results this weekend, who knows. let's see who answers their phone when we call.
in terms of rhode island election officials, they decided to inject suspense. remember the huge lines in maricopa county, arizona last month, after arizona cut the number of polling locations in that county by 70%, so there were huge long terrible lines that got press coverage. remember that from arizona last month? in the state of rode island they have also made a decision for this primary on tuesday that they, too, are going to cut the number of polling stations by 70%. having already seen how well a 70% cut worked in arizona, rhode island decided to do it too instead of 400 plus polling places they are going to open 144 of them on tuesday night. because yeah, might look like this is a hotly contested presidential yes where more is riding on rhode island in terms of presidential politics and yeah, there might have been record turnout on the republican side in state after state after state all over the country right now but rhode island election
officials are apparently banking on the idea that people in that state just don't care. they can't even be bothered to be polled. they are all drinking a beer. we'll know soon enough, right. if you live in rhode island, i want to tell you, they are cutting the number of polling places you can vote on tuesday night by 70%. if you are planning on voting on tuesday, bring one of those portable chairs maybe. or maybe a cooler full of beer to sit on. maybe bring a tent. we'll be right back. you live life your way. we can help you retire your way, too. financial guidance while you're mastering life. from chase. so you can.
happy friday night. we have a big show. there's details ahead on the big event that chris hayes and i are doing on monday night. very exciting. we've got a happy slightly drunken celebration of a great american due to come up the end of the show. there's lots going to happen in this hour. stay with us. but it is going to take a total team effort
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starting with "a case of you." because it starts with "a" through to "wow" because it starts with "w." they'd keep going through songs that started with x, y, z if he'd recorded any songs starting with those letters but he didn't. they're playing the entire catalog back to back. if you are lucky enough that the current is your local station in minnesota, if you are lucky enough to live in that part of our great country, you can listen to this as god intended -- which is on your car radio with the windows rolled down no matter how cold it is. if you are not in minnesota the rest of us poor slobs, we can still listen online. which i can tell you our control room is doing right now, apparently right now they tell me that we are up to the song "black sweat." the current was prince's local radio station. he was a big supporter of theirs. sometimes he would release new singles on the current first. the programming director at the current told "the daily beast,"
"for somebody that's this mysterious, enigmatic, global superstar, he had a great relationship with us. he was so involved in our local music scene. he fostered that relationship with us." in return, this weekend, the station is turned over to him. as the whole country is listening in and doing whatever else we can to adjust to the idea that he's gone. outside of his home in suburban minneapolis, mourners have left flowers and photos and notes and balloons. in minneapolis last night, look at this. people showed up by the thousands at the iconic first avenue nightclub to dance until dawn. look at that. at the apollo theater in harlem, people last night sang and left homemade memorials on the sidewalk. on broadway the cast of "hamilton" and "the color purple" postscripted their performances with prince songs. across the world, from the melbourne arts center in australia to the carmike sin that application in hickory, north carolina, people paid
public tribute to him. in carver county, minnesota, where he died, local authorities briefed the press today. they were very courteous, gracious i think in terms of handling this press of international interest, people trying to get information about what exactly happened to him. but despite the fact that they were as forthcoming as they felt they could be the bottom line is still that we just don't know. he was 57 when he was found at his estate yesterday. the answers about how he died are still at this point open questions. joining us now is toure, author of "i would die 4 u," msnbc contributor. thank you for being here. >> thank you. >> first, let me ask you, i feel like people really focused on the cause of death because he was only 57. because he was playing shows really recently. because there's mystery around it. i feel like it's a little bit of a morbid fascination and the important thing that is he's gone. but i wanted to get your take on that.
how important it is for us to know and what you think we will end up knowing in the end. >> i have no idea what we're going to end up knowing. we're partly intersecting here with some of the biases we have with the war on drugs in that we don't treat addicts with respect. politicians can say, addicts are not our citizens, we can demonize them. rather than, in other countries like switzerland, portugal, they say, these people are citizens and we have to take care of them as well. if we can locate somebody as an addict we can discard them, attack their legacy, downgrade them. if there was a problem, i don't know that there was, i know that throughout his life he was against using drugs even as a teenager eschewing smoking weed with the guys, eschewing hip medicine, painkillers when he had a hip problem. the beginning of that problem. he rejected this sort of medicine. if he went against that at this point, that deviates from what he did most of his life. what everybody around him is telling me he did most of his
life. and if he had an addiction problem that damaged his body, hopefully we can be more sensitive to the problems of addicts and not try to take his legacy down a peg because of it. >> or at least put it -- i mean, i feel like the most important thing about his cause of death is that we don't know. and rumor mongering about it disrespectful, especially at the time when he's not yet buried. i think the appreciation of his legacy is what -- at least what i feel we still ought to be talking about right now. to that point, i'm struck by how local he was in minneapolis, how his local station felt like, we loved him, he'd do anything for us. does that fit with what you understand about him? >> he loved living in this small community because he got to be the big fish, everyone knew he was the big dog. everyone knows where paisley park is.
and it's there and there's no need for us to go and looky lou or these things because that's our guy. in new york city we see famous people and don't make a big deal out of it. i saw steve martin the other day, running for a cab, and i didn't like, oh my god! internally i did. but externally, there's steve martin. >> he got that kind of treatment in minnesota. >> when i was in minneapolis, a lot of people didn't want to talk about him because they wanted to be part of protecting his privacy. because they knew him. they met him. they knew his dad, mom, sister, brother, what have you. they wanted to protect him. i want to talk about the radio station aspect that you brought up. when prince is growing up, this is the first time in history that gospel tropes are being heard on the radio in popular music. in the music of aretha franklin, james brown, al green, ray charles. you don't have to go to church to hear this music, gospel tropes are coming in through
popular music. that has a huge impact on how prince is formed as a musician. >> you write -- i'll finish by complicating you in the piece in the "new york times" talking about how people appreciate his bawdiness and how open he was about sexuality and how that freaked people out, but he was just as open about the religious aspects what was he was literally preaching through some of his songs and you being willing to tie those things together. sex and religion are two things people are so freaked out about. he did put them together and i think your statement on that is smart and brave. thank you for being here. >> thank you. >> i know it's tough circumstances but i'm happy to have the chance to have you here. (ray) i'd like to see more of the old lady. i'd like to see her go back to her more you know social side. (vo) pro plan bright mind promotes alertness and mental sharpness in dogs 7 and older. (ray) it was shocking. she's much more aware. (jan) she loves the food. (ray) she wants to learn things.
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x1 makes it easy to find what you love. call or go online and switch to x1. only with xfinity. supposed to be a happy thing when people go on vacation, right? i mean, even if you're not the one going on vacation, we're not supposed to be mad about it when other people do. we agree not to get mad like in the office when one of our colleagues steps out to go enjoy the other parts of his or her life, leave work behind for a little bit. we're supposed to be okay with that. but you know what, there is one american politician who has just decided to take a little jaunt, a traipse abroad, and for a very specific reason. that decision has people really, really, really, really mad. they're so mad. he even says he's going to work while he's away but people are so mad at him for doing this. that's next. ♪
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rick snyder was at this nice house in flint, michigan, taking away gallon jugs of water from the kitchen faucet of this family to show how safe he thought it was to drink water from the tap in flint, michigan, as long as you pour it through a filter. the governor said he would be drinking flint water not just that one day in that nice lady's kitchen in flint, he said he would be taking flint water away and drinking it for 30 days. but now as the governor jets off to germany, switzerland, italy, and the netherlands, his spokesperson is now clarifying when governor rick snyder said he'd be drinking flint water for 30 days, he didn't mean 30 days in a row. so this european jaunt will not feature state-paid water carriers bringing jugs of flint water with him everywhere he goes. he apparently will resume his publicity stunt about flint water when he comes back. meanwhile flint continues to post its lead testing results from flint houses every few
days. they continue to test water coming out of the taps in homes across the city. and today the city of flint just posted the highest lead rating they have ever taken from a home in that city. now for context here, if you've got 15 parts per billion of lead, that's the federal action level. 15 parts per billion. if you get up to 5,000 parts per billion, that's hazardous waste. the previous record for any test since the crisis was uncovered in flint was just under 12,000. what was posted today in flint is nearly double that number. 22,905 parts per billion. the house on the western edge of the city in a neighborhood nestled into a bed in the flint river. now with the first criminal charges filed this week in the flint lead poisoning disaster and with the state attorney general saying that announcement that these charges against these three relatively low-level government employees, they're only the beginning. at one level we're all now just
waiting to see if and when more charges will be filed and against whom. but in the very, very short term there are a couple of things to watch for right now. one is on monday. because monday it's the two-year anniversary of when flint made its fateful switch in the source of its water without treating it properly which caused the lead poisoning of that whole city in the first place. and that anniversary on monday, that's going to bring a whole new round of not just national attention, but probably global attention to this crisis. the question is, does a new round of attention make it any more likely that flint will get fixed? that the pipes will get replaced? that there will be any more urgency to fixing this problem. or to even finally starting to deliver clean water to people in flint, which still does not happen, even now. will the anniversary bring about any more urgency in terms of trying to make this better in the day-to-day life of people in flint and trying to fix this city that had its water pipes ruined by the state government? that's one thing to watch for.
the other thing to watch for is a matter that is a very sober thing and has just arisen the last couple of days. it is personal, it is tragic. but i think it is worth keep an eye on because it is as yet unexplained. that is that a foreman, a man who worked as a foreman at the flint water treatment plan, worked there over 18 years, he died this week. in as yet unexplained circumstances. he was a young man, my age, 43 years old. local authorities are investigating his death. they have not yet said what the cause of his death was but they don't suspect foul play. this man worked at the flint water treatment plant as a foreman. today the office of attorney general bill chutety, who brought charges, today the a.g.'s office confirmed this young man who died this week is one of the people they had just interviewed for their criminal investigation. there are so many different levels of tragedy and mystery around what has happened in flint. this new personal one involving
this long-time employee of the flint water treatment plant, it's just the latest new thing that we have learned about and it is as yet unexplained. if we learn more about that, we will let you know more. but the flint water source switch-over which started this disaster, which poisoned that city and ruined its infrastructure because of what the state did to that town, the anniversary of that is monday. watch this space. uh oh. oh. henry! oh my. good, you're good. back, back, back. (vo) according to kelley blue book, subaru has the highest resale value of any brand. again. you might find that comforting. love. it's what makes a subaru, a subaru.
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you live life your way. we can help you retire your way, too. financial guidance while you're mastering life. from chase. so you can. this coming monday night on the eve of the next big primary night, the great chris hayes and i are going to host back-to-back events in philadelphia with the two democratic presidential candidates, bernie sanders and hillary clinton. and we're going to do it in front of a live audience town hall style. town hall style means people in the audience get to ask questions in addition to chris and i getting to ask questions. and of course real people talking to the candidates can be way more fun than just bozos like us. it's going to be awesome. 8:00 eastern, chris hayes will
we got a truth-telling moment this week from presidential candidate john kasich. governor kasich was sitting with "the washington post" editorial board, and because the washington in "washington post" is for washington, d.c., the editorial board asked governor kasich for his view on whether d.c. should be allowed to become a state. john kasich had voted against that when he was a congressman so the post asked if there had been any change in his position since then. and this was his answer. it's amazing. >> probably not. i don't know. i'd have to -- i mean, to me, that's just -- i just don't see that we really need that, okay? i don't know. i don't think so. >> but you realize though that people in the d.c. pay taxes, go to war -- >> yeah. well, look, i'm not -- you know what, what it really gets down to if you want to be honest is because they know that's just more vote in the democratic
party. >> more votes in the democratic -- okay. "a" for honesty. that's exactly why republicans are against d.c. statehood. later in the interview he told the "post" he might have to revisit that decision that he might flip-flop on d.c. statehood. and now this week we learn there's somewhere else where john kasich supports statehood, and that is puerto rico. last month puerto rico held its republican primary, marco rubio won, he scooped up 23 delegates, those delegates remain bound to him on the first ballot. after that they're free. throughout this process the puerto rico delegation's made it clear they're going to stick together, vote as a bloc, for one candidate in cleveland, they have made clear they will all vote for -- whichever candidate supports puerto rico statehood. that's their one demand. do you support statehood? you get 23 delegates. so john kasich's saying, deal me in. john kasich as of this week now supports puerto rico statehood. he announced it after meeting
with puerto rico's delegates on the sidelines of the rnc meeting in florida. statehood would have to be passed with an act of congress, there seems little chance of that happening particularly with this congress, so presumably there's no downside for john kasich coming out in favor. one puerto rico delegate told us he understands why support for the cause may seem cynical. the delegate told us the trump and cruz campaigns have also been in touch with puerto rican republicans but only governor kasich has offered support like this. in a letter expressing newfound love, john kasich got straight to the point. it's now clear we're going to have an open convention, as a delegate from puerto rico you'll have a critical role in selecting our nominee. ahead of the convention i want you to know puerto rico statehood has my full support. to which i say, well played, puerto rico republicans. you have leverage, it makes sense to use it. especially when you have just
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that's why we're making our meals better. like using 100% natural chicken breast in our chicken strips and adding real cream to our mashed potatoes. so now, there's more to love with banquet. now serving... a better banquet. okay. this is a good story. this is the back of the $20 bill. it's kind of an awesome one. right? on the right side it's got a steam ship. steaming past the statue of liberty. alongside a really cute little fierce tugboat. and then on the left side, it's got a train, steaming along, right under a biplane and right next to a car full of gentleman in big hats. the back of the $20 bill used to have a big ship and a little ship and a plane and a car on it. when that was the awesome back side, the guy on the front was grover cleveland.
president two terms in the 1880s and 1890s. grover cleveland used to be on the $20 bill. around the time when cleveland was president, the guy appointed on the $20 then was james garfield. this is what the $20 looked like then. also a stim time it had george washington on. 1878, the $20 bill had stephen decatur on it. he was a heroic navy officer. have you ever heard of daniel manning? not danny manning, amazing basketball player, rather, daniel manning, who was secretary of the treasury at some point. that daniel manning used to be on the $20 as well. and he stopped there right next to a guy in the toga. see that good night next to him? with george clooney hair holding a big hammer? weird. and john marshall, supreme court
justice was once on the $20. a guy named hugh mcculloch once on the $20 bill. a lot of people have been on the $20 bill. in 1928, made a switch. they took grover cleveland off and put on andrew jackson. interesting. nobody is quite sure why grover cleveland got the boot in the 1920s and jackson got put on the bill that year. a little bit of a weird choice. whatever else you think of andrew jackson, his presidency and owning slaves and absolutely horrifying treatment of the seminoles and other native americans, one thing that is strange about andrew jackson ending up on the $20 bill is that andrew jackson did not believe in the $20 bill. andrew jackson did not believe in paper money. andrew jackson did not believe there should be a federal reserve bank to print money. his farewell address was about what he called the mischiefs and dangers of a paper currency.
it is entirely possible that was a joke by the federal reserve. because they knew how much he hated them. but still, somehow all of these years andrew jackson got to stay. after a zillion other people circulated on and off the front of that $20 bill for more than 65 years. andrew jackson is the one that stuck. until now. now, andrew jackson is finally being freed of the bill he would have never wanted to be on in the first place. the bill that he vehemently objected to its existence on principle. the bill he may have been put on as an ironic insult against him. in 1899, 50 years after she ran away from slavery, 50 years after she started her raids back in the south to free slaves of it 1899, harriet tubman in her
70s. not just the mother of the underground railroad but a civil war veteran and a widow, congress pass add bill to increase harriet tubman's military pension. she had been getting $8 a month. congress decreed that her pension should be increased to $20 a month. when tubman's father in maryland bought the freedom of her mother he paid cash money to free herment specifically, he paid cash money in the amount of $20. when harriet tubman famously staged a sit-in at a new york abolitionist newspaper saying she would not leave until she raised enough money to go into maryland and free her elderly parents who were too old and frail to walk to freedom without a wagon to ride in, which she demanded for that trip, which she sat in and refused to leave, the sum of exactly $20.
and so now harriet tubman has freed andrew jackson, and she's going to be on the front of every $20 bill in the country. soon you and i will be able to spend a friday night laying down a harriet tubman $20, to raise a glass in her honor. the closest thing to the exact right drink for that occasion, the 20th century cocktail and she lived to see it. lived to 1913. start with good gin from if great state of wisconsin. three quarters of an ounce of three ingredients. one should be easier to open than this. lillet. over ice with an orange twist if you are really lazy.
this is cream de cocoa. they taste the same but the clear one makes the drink look nicer. and the last magic ingredient, as in so many cocktails is three quarters ounce of fresh lemon juice which doesn't come from a plastic thing. it comes from this mysterious object that we call a lemon. so three quarters of an ounce. 1.5 ounces of gin. shake it like you mean it. strain it. into a cocktail glass. garnish with a lemon twist. and -- say a toast to the new $20 bill. anybody who truly respects andrew jackson should be happy he's off that bill. he was against paper money.
and anybody against harriet tubman being on the front of the $20 now, frankly, needs to chill out and have a cocktail. relax. it's going to be awesome. it's great news. have a great weekend. still a mystery, new details on the last hours of prince's life but big questions remain surrounding his death. another super tuesday, five state goes to the polls in three days. could it clinch a victory for donald trump or sew more confusion for the gop? for the democrats, new polls show tight races in big states but is it too little too late for the sanders camp? on the loose, the killer or killers in the execution style murders of eight people in the same family has an entire community on edge with few real answers at this hour. good morning everyone. i'm alex witt here at msnbc in new york.