tv Tom Brokaw at NBC News The First 50 Years MSNBC February 4, 2017 5:00pm-7:01pm PST
rein state the efficacy of his executive order a notice of a people we'll continue to watch that on msnbc. for now, that does it for here. i'm richard louie. have a very good evening. good evening. live from the berlin wall. >> america has been attacked. we are at war. >> he don't just have egg in our face. we have omelets on our suits. >> for 50 years, tom brokaw has been telling america's story. tonight we tell his. >> you can take the boy out of south dakota but there's south dakota left in you. >> true. >> the war that defined him. >> you were born in 1940. >> everybody around me was going to war. i wore a helmet every day. >> desolate corner of iraq. >> the wars he's covered. >> what do you want to fight against? >> never thought we would be in iraq 14 years. >> the people he's interviewed. >> bang overnight you're a big
celebrity. >> i guess so. >> tonight they interview him. >> he had a relationship with the guy. >> we grew up not too far from one another. >> alexa, how old is tom brokaw. >> 76 years old. >> where do we go from here? >> it's just the beginning really. >> presidents. >> did you begin to think you made a lucky star hovering over ronald reagan? >> i was very blessed. >> politics. >> did you have any clue it was coming? >> no. you were supposed to have the clue. >> and unforgettable moments. from great heroes. >> it is just not the place for a human being. >> to the greatest generation. >> you guys haven't been back in 40 years. >> first time back. >> how does it look to you? >> peaceful. >> a half century of history. >> the soviet union as we have known it is breaking up now. >> and you were there because he was. >> you are a legend. >> don't talk to my family. >> if you are not a legend, what
are we doing this special for. >> tonight tom brokaw at nbc news, the first 50 years. >> the great plains of north america. my home state of south dakota where the wind never seems to stop blowing. this is the land of the missouri river, crazy horse and sitting bull, lewis and clark, and the hardy pioneers who came here in the 19th century and civilized it all. i loved growing up here. but as a young man i knew i wanted to leave because i wanted bright lights and big cities. ♪ >> i traveled a few hundred miles to become a reporter in omaha. i hoped one day to work for nbc news. >> this is tom brokaw reporting. >> what is your reaction --
>> after the height of the civil rights movement where my work caught the attention of network executives. ♪ >> in 1966, my dream came true at the age of 26. i came to work for nbc news in southern california. just as this state, the nation, and the world were undergoing momentous change in every conceivable way. politically, financially, scientifically, culturalry, and socially. ♪ >> los angeles in the mid-60s. on the freeway a.m. car radios belted out the mamas and the papas. ♪ i was here at a time of explosive change and of people. the counter culture was taking
hold. turmoil broiled universities. vietnam was beginning the divisions of home. racial divisions were everywhere. >> reluctant to shoulder any of the blame for the crisis in los angeles. this is tom brokaw reporting. >> it was my good fortune to be in california when ronald reagan began his legendary rise to a place in american history. >> mr. ronald reagan. >> conservative and charismatic he was running for governor. i covered ronald reagan as he went up and down the state in a greyhound bus. at first the opposition laughed at it. but ronald reagan won in a landslide, the beginning of a historic political career. >> governor, can we get you to react to a story that's in the san francisco chronicle this morning. was that the invitation you were
just referring to? >> yes, sir. >> thank you. >> when he ran for president, many in the establishment didn't take him seriously, questioning his qualifications fplts but ronald rean won big time. >> a personal note, i can't help but recall in 1966 riding around in a greyhound bus with him. they learned every election in which he's been involved, never laugh at the chances of ronald reagan. >> first years after ronald reagan's first political campaign, another newcomer that was laughed at first. i met up with my old friend david letterman who was always interested in politics. >> who is going to win? >> i believe in ufos. the unforeseen occurring. donald trump is the unforeseen occurring. i still say the same thing. the unforeseen will occur. >> donald trump pulled off the biggest upset in modern political history.
jon stewart might have walked away from his daly show too soon. >> did you have any clue it was coming? >> no. you were supposed to know it was coming. you were paying attention. i wasn't paying attention. >> in a half rentry of reporting i learned the only thing to expect is the unexpected. tonight, we'll look back at some of those stories and look ahead as i talked to a broad cross-section of proud americans who also turn the tables and interview me. we'll question each other about where this great country has been, where it's going and how we may be able to repair our national divide. >> do you find people coming up to you and saying, are we going to be okay? >> yeah. all the time. >> all the time. like you great saint can help us? >> i can't help. >> what is the answer to that? we're going to be okay? >> the country has been stronger than one american. the rule of law and economy for
all the talk about how bad the economy has been, against other western economies, this country has been doing well in part because we have more people in college now than we have ever had before. >> the same country that elected donald trump elected barack obama, it's the grand contradiction in our character. >> the one thing that has to happen we are on all responsible for, we have to come together as a country. >> are you concerned that we're becoming much more of a tribal nation? >> i'm troubled by that, tom. but at the same time, i have confidence in the resilience of our country and the resilience of our society. >> you think america is still a great country? >> absolutely. >> do you think it can be great again? >> it is great today. >> people are looking for enforcement of their own biases on the left and the right.
that worries me as much anything. >> do you recall another time in the time that you've been a journalist where people have this much anxiety or there was this much trepidation? >> 1968. coming up, vie nam, king, kennedy. >> it's on to chicago and let's win. >> so you step in to the kitchen passageway. >> i heard what i thought was balloon pops. >> and we turn to 1968. ♪ audi pilotless vehicles have conquered highways, mountains, and racetracks. and now much of that same advanced technology is found in the audi a4. with one notable difference... ♪ the highly advanced audi a4, with available traffic jam assist. ♪
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1968, a year of unsettling turmoil. sound familiar? >> these feel like really tumultuous times. but we have lived through even more difficult and more tumultuous times. you have had the opportunity to sit in the seat of it. was there a more tumultuous time than 1968? >> no. >> i remember it was a horrible, horrible year. >> one year the president bows out. two assassinations. a clam taos, costly war. urban uprisings, divisive campaign. for example, on just one day in april, in just a few moments, on the news in los angeles -- >> tom brokaw has details. >> three momentous stories came. >> the fbi pinned down the identification of a man suspected of killing dr. martin luther king. >> vietnam. >> america entrymen cut their
way through deposits jun today. >> and kennedy. >> senator robert kennedy brought his presidential campaign to southern california today. >> i was covering the '68 campaign in california it was a showdown state for the presidential nomination. senators gene mccarthy and bobby kennedy went head to head to replace lyndon johnson, who was forced to withdraw because of vietnam and mckaerblgt's early success. >> i shall not seek and i will not accept the nomination of my party for another term as your president. >> and then politics were eclipsed just a few days later. >> we the people will get to the promised land. >> martin luther king was shot and was killed tonight. >> the inner-cities of america erupted in rage and destruction. but not indianapolis where
robert kennedy arrived to campaign and instead gave voice to grief. >> what we need in the united states is not hatred. what we need in the united states is not violence and lawlessness. but love, wisdom and compassion toward one another. >> three days and nights thousands paid their respects. 60,000 people surrounded ebenezer baptist church. family, friends, celebrities gathered inside. a nation reling. mccarthy and kennedy came back to california which they knew could determine the democratic nominee in chicago. for both candidates the big issue was vietnam. >> this afternoon i asked the senator what would be the signal negotiations weren't working out. >> it will be left to the people of south vietnam to decide for themselves what kind of future they want.
>> it was a narrow contest. >> he wins in california. he goes to the ambassador hotel ballroom. everyone is really excited. >> very much so. >> my colleague at nbc the great olympian was a kennedy's side that fateful night. >> my friend johnson is here. >> it was an unbelievable high. i mean he was on his way to the white house. >> my thanks to all of you. let's go on to chicago and let's win there. >> so you step into the kitchen passageway. >> i was 10, 15 feet behind the senator when i heard what i thought was balloon pops. >> please stay back. we need a doctor here.
>> they grabbed the gunman sir hand sir hand, taking the gun away. >> it was one of the longest nights of my life. i was one of the many supporters outside the good samaritan hospital standing vigil. >> senator robert francis kennedy died at 1:44.m. today. >> as a nation mourned for bobby, his followers were undone by their grief. >> i thought my god, is the world coming to an end? and we're only halfway through this year. >> 1968 was about the vietnam war. a year in which 16,000 americans were killed 16,000. including my friend gene kimmel, the marine pilot. and then in august the world
crashed the political stage. the democratic convention in chicago. >> let's have order, please. i was there as it blew up in the streets and in the hall. >> and they're dragging everybody out of the aisle here. >> i remember standing between the protesters and the police thinking this is the dividing line of america. i went home to south dakota and heard from my family college students could avoid service but by brother could not. my brother went as a marine. i thought, i have no argument here. there's no way you can argue you have a true system when it companies to representing your country in combat. >> remember on the "nightly news" where you give the number count. >> yeah. >> the number of soldiers who died today. >> u.s. losses were placed at 13 killed, 18 wounded.
>> for so many people those numbers just became numbers. when you look at the wall and you see. >> a lot was blue collar or kids going to war and privileged kids in college getting diplomas and not having to go to war. >> vice president humphrey finally came out against the war. he stopped by for an interview with me and my colleague bob abernathy. republican nominee richard nixon turned to the south, pushing law and order, a pledge to end the war with honor. >> the easy answers, get out or finish them off. >> i want to see -- >> nixon won a very close race over humphrey and a third-party candidate, alabama governor george wallace, an open racist. nixon entered office in a deeply divided country. today the country faces deep divisions once again. my colleague, "nbc nightly news" anchor lester holt.
>> tom, 50 years, you have seen this country go through a lot of crises, political, war. where are we as a country right now? >> i think we're at a very divided spot. this era of confrontation and division has to come to an end at some point. coming up, the only predictable thing about politics is how unpredictable it is. >> i think the democrats plan are the demographics are such we just have to sit back. >> politics and presidents. ♪ if you have moderate to severe plaque psoriasis
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nbc news reports election night 1960. >> for me, john kennedy against nixon was unbelievable. i sat down in my house in south dakota andatchom election ni 7:00 at nig until 9:00 the next morning. >> high a top studio 8h. >> i said that's what i want to do with my life. i was infused by it. >> from that night in 1960, politics and political reporting had dominated my professional life. in 1967, i interviewed a former president, dwight eisenhower, and future president ronald reagan, then governor of california. in eight years as governor and then as president, ronald reagan made an indelible mark on
american history. >> mr. gorbachev, tear down this wall. >> reporter: reagan left office after eight years as a historic success. by the time i interviewed him in his final week in august, ronald reagan had surprised just about everyone. >> did you begin to think you made it as a lucky star hovering over ronald reagan that luck will be part of your life in some fashion? >> whether i call it luck or answered prayers, i realized that i was very blessed. >> well, there's a long list of possibilities -- >> i have covered 24 conventions. >> we will have to wait and see. if donald trump captured the party he will change the gop. >> in 2004, i first interviewed an illinois state senator named barack obama. >> i think that the biggest issue is restoring a sense of hope and possibility among voters. >> election nights are my
favorite. >> lets go back to the 2000 election. there's a lot to talk about that one. but what strikes in your mind? >> in 2000, tim russert and i were like brothers. we were morning, noon and night political junkies. we could finish each other's sentences. that night of course was the wackiest night i've ever been on. >> florida of course would determine the ecti. bush versus gore. >> nbc news projects he wins the 25 electoral votes in the state of florida. >> and florida switched from gore to bush. >> george bush is the president-elect of the united states. >> it's too earlier. we don't have egg on your face. we have omelet all over our suits. >> and you remember with tim with florida, florida, florida on the grease board. >> this is the answer. get it right. >> america was in suspense 36 days until the supreme court finally ended the count and bush had won. i thought there would never be another like it until this past november. >> this, folks, is a razor-thin
race for president. >> enter president donald j. trump. president trump's first days in office have been frenetic. but he is doing what he said in the campaign. union leaders are encouraged by his plans for new construction. he's planning to end obamacare. and this talk of putting a high tariff on trade with mexico has ignited a diplomatic crisis. he continues to press an unfounded claim of massive voter fraud and a running dispute over the size of crowds at his inauguration. >> we are transferring power from washington, d.c. and giving it back to you, the people. >> is this a revolt or a revolution? >> you know, i think it's a revolution in some ways. >> president trump's senior adviser, a successful hedge fund founder, sees favorable
comparisons between president reagan and president trump. >> my bet is a year or two from now the same thing that happened to ronald reagan. he was inaugurated 36 years ago. people were super worried about him. we were shutting down the elements of communism and there was economic prosperity. >> does it price you the mantle of renaissance went from reagan to trump. >> the idea that he would have used the kind of profanity that donald trump used never would have happened. >> the new trump presidency brought his opponents to the streets. prominent americans like meryl streep have spoken out publicly. >> we need the approximately press to call him on the carpet for every outrage. >> working close frustration with traditional politicians hemmed drive president trump to
power. scare mutually is the son of a worker. >> if you price it on an adjusted wage it's probably down 30%, 40%. >>s a child of the working class, i have been spd in the problems of blue collar workers for decades. since 1980, we have lost 7 million manufacturing jobs. >> something has gone wrong with the american dream. it just isn't there for too many young people, especially those with only a high school education. >> hillary clinton won the popular vote by almost 3 million. but a wide band of traditional democratic working class counties across several states switched and provided the margin needed for donald trump. >> there's no magic wand now for recreating the economy no matter how many promises are made. we are living in an entirely different time. >> i understand what happens when you are the white working class who now feels like you have been the other.
what happens is you have the outcome of this election. that's what you have. >> the met more foe sis has been going on 50 years. donald trump took down the establishment. former democratic senator jim webb of virginia. ? they have lost three of the last five. they have long congress a number of times. across the country, 75% of state legislativers are on the hands of republicans and governorships. >> i tried to warn the democrats this was going to happen. they gave up on working people at large and they started going after interest groups politics. they left out white working people. it finally i think reached a head here in the last presidential election. >> in terms of race and the demographics of the country, i think the democrats plan was, oh, we don't have to do
anything. the demographics are such we just have to sit back. >> huge mistake. >> and not what happened. >> the parties have sliced and diced the electorate they no longer appeal to the largest base. even with her kennedy connection, maria shriver thinks it may be the best way the get of our frozen divide. >> i was a democrat first lady in a republican administration. and i was really raised to think of republicans as the enemy. and all of a sudden i was working with so many of them. >> and what did you learn from that? >> i learned there were a lot of really good people who call themselves republicans who had a lot of the same goals in public service that i had been raised with. and i saw good people who were republicans many, good people who were democrats. bad people who were republicans, bad people who were democrats. and i led me to resign from the democratic party and become an
independent. >> it is the single biggest issue in the country is how we put it back together again. we become a tribal country. >> yes. >> we have white working class, african-americans. we have hispanics and asian. >> we don't have the tribe that is america. >> the tribe that's america. >> coming up. >> i became of age in a white man's world. and women were not allowed t mpetonhi level. >> women, past and future. >> what i love abouty grandchildren is that they have been raised to be fearless. >> how do you tell them to lean in? >> i mostly tell them to advise me. >> they tell you to lean in? >> they tell me to lean in. yeah, with liberty mutual all i needed to do to get an estimate was snap a photo of the damage and voila! voila! (sigh) i wish my insurance company had that... wait! hold it... hold it boys... there's supposed to be three of you... where's your brother? where's your brother? hey, where's charlie? charlie?!
the justice department has filed a notice meanwhile of appeal in that ruling. and the president spent the day tweeting criticism of the judge. his latest saying he opened up the country to potential terrorists. now back to tom brokaw can of nbc newshe first 50 years. huge anti-abortion march on washington. it followed massive women's marchs around the world. in 1970, women also marched demanding respect and equality from president nixon. recently i had a flash back to a scene in the white house in 1993. >> how long do you think it will
be, mr. president, before there is a first husband? >> not long. not long. i think there will be a woman elected president probably in my lifetime. i certain hope women will have a chance to run. >> i've just received a call from secretary clinton. >> for many women, the outcome of this presidential election bitter disappointment. for others it was a cause for celebration. >> a lot of people voted against women. what does this say to you about where women are. >> the glass ceiling i had a little trouble with. >> are you having trouble with the name or the concept? >> with the idea this is one in which the glass ceiling should have been broken. a lot of women are saying it's not a gender issue for me. i want to make sure i have a job and my kids can go to college.
that's what it's like for me. >> i grew up in a family where the women could do it all and my mother's and grandmother's fortitude gave me a lesson on what women could do. like many of her generation, however, my mother never got a chance to pursue her own career dreams. >> my mother wanted to be a journalist. bright as hell. graduated from high school at 16. college cost $100 a year. there was no way she could afford it. instead, she found jobs. one at the post office. soon her aspirations were not for herself but of her three sons. >> i came of age in a white man's world and women were not able to compete on the same level. the smartest students in our schools were all women. when i got married, she tpwra graduated with honors. she could not get a job. i stumbled through. they said, oh, honey, you'll get pregnant and then you won't be much use to us.
>> nbc news had a ground breaking series on the women's movement reported by a handful of nbc news female correspondents, including liz trotter. >> by the time she reaches high school, girls have been brainwashed into believing her life must go in a direction different from that of her brother. she is a housewife in training. rare is the girl who wants to be a doctor, engineer, or pilot. >> even then these minnesota high school students were still debating whether women should go to college. >> women, what do they do? they start playing. just educating themselves so they can go to college so they can get a man. >> oh, come on! >> but soon the social turmoil in the country unleashed an undeniable force, women. >> i think we're so used to a
dearth of women in leadership. our expectations need to be much higher. >> sheryl sandberg, author of "lean in." >> the world is very heavy on math skills, engineering skills. d women stayed away from those for a longime. that going to change, do you think? >> well, it has to change. and it is going the wrong direction, as you say. women were 35% of computer science degrees s. but now women are 17%, 18%. we expect boys to be better at math and science and computer science. therefore, teachers give them more encouragement. therefore they see the models. therefore, they can continue to go into those fields. >> she wrote her book to encourage people to overcome a built-in bias. >> we don't like women in leadership. that is the core of the problem.
when a woman leads, it doesn't feel comfortable and we inherently dislike it. when that changes, we won't have a glass ceiling anymore. >> nikki haley knows firsthand about shattering glass ceilings. she was the first female governor of south carolina and now the ambassador to the u.n. under president trump. >> there's been a big, big debate about the place of women as the upper level of american politics. how do you see the glass ceiling in politics? >> everybody likes to see the glass ceiling. can we break the first barrier? that's not what's really important. it's when you break it, what you do with it. the job that you do after. >> are we going to see more women in executive positions do you think as we go forward? >> i hope so. they're 51% of the voting population. when you look at the things women do, they balance extremely well. they know what it is like to manage finances, to manage a
family, to know about the world. the only reason we don't have as many women running, they just question themselves so much. women win when they run, we just need more to jump out there and get to where they say they can dot. >> i've seen the changes and expectations for women in my own family. >> how have the three doctors of yours changed your own perspective? >> our girls caused a wave. there was no question about whether or not they could have careers. and if they chose to, could have marriages. our youngest daughter chose to be a single mother. that's a new form of motherhood. it's worked out extremely well. the other two have traditional marriages. one is a doctor and the other a professional in the music and entertainment industry. they have not every not worked full time. what i love about my grandchildren is that they have been raised to be fearless. >> how do you tell them to lean in?
>> they mostly advise me. >> they tell you to lean in? >> they tell me to lean in. coming up, old school meets the new media. >> i get people saying you're not going to be what i read on the internet. and i said you're right, i'm not going to believe what you wrote on the internet. >> fact versus fiction. ♪ audi pilotless vehicles have conquered highways, mountains, and racetracks. and now much of that same advanced technology is found in the audi a4. with one notable difference... ♪ the highly advanced audi a4, with available traffic jam assist. ♪
corrupt media pushing completely false allegations and out right lies. scum. scum. they're totally dishonest people. >> these days watching donald trump bash the press reminders of another president and another time. >> president of the united states. >> richard nixon despised the press. >> so help me god. >> early on he unleashed his
vice president to rip into the network news divisions. >> the place to start looking for a credibility gap is not in the offices of the government in washington but in the studios of the networks in new york. >> after nixon's historic opening to china in 1972, he won reelection in a landslide. >> we will try to make ourselves worthy of this victory. >> you know, nixon is an interesting example. because ultimately of where he ended up. people forget '68 was a squeaker. '72 was not. >> blowout. >> of historic proportions. >> but his relationship with the press became even more adversarial with watergate. >> president nixon will refuse to testify personally. >> woodward and bernstein of the "washington post" uncovered evidence implicating the president in a criminal conspiracy. as a member of the white house press corp, i was in the room when the president went
personal. >> don't get the impression that you arouse my anger. one can only be angry with those he respects. >> nixon was trying to fight off impeachment, claiming executive privilege to protect damaging evidence. >> tom brokaw of nbc news. >> at his last meeting with the white house president, i quoted legal experts who said executive privilege does not apply in impeachment proceedings. are there statements historically inaccurate or at least misleading? [ applause ]. >> mr. brokaw, so far as the principle of confident ality is concerned, that still stands. >> the supreme court ruled against nixon. >> this appears to be the final day of his administration. >> in august 1974, he became the first president to resign his office.
but we met several times again, including in 1988 on "meet the press". >> do you see anything that you might have done differently? >> well, i suppose i could have treated the press better. >> i wasn't looking for that. >> but then they might have treated me better. >> as you know, i have a running war with the media. they are among the most dishonest human beings on earth. >> donald trump has been even more openly hostile toward the press. >> adversarial relationships are part of what we see between the media and presidential administrations. >> we have to be immune for that. we have to be professional in what we do. it's not just about our personal feelings but it is an attempt to give the american people an accurate view of what is going on and do it in context. >> pulitzer prize winning thomas friedman of the "new york times". >> to your successors of the next generation, what is the biggest thing journalists need to keep in mind?
>> be accurate. we have an example of that. very few journalists said trump could pull this off. don't get the nomination. i knew the country was angry. >> president trump was underestimated. he understood the anger in middle america so much better than the national press. >> everybody has an opinion about the press. do you have any questions for me in my role? >> i do. >> republican nikki haley of south carolina, former governor, and now president trump's u.n. ambassador. >> do you think the media has shown bias more now than they did in the past? >> you know, it's always a question i get every election cycle. and my answer is always the same. i give a little benign smile and i say, you know, bias like beauty is in the eye of the beholder. >> what has changed is that there are so many more sources of information now. and many of them rely heavily on opinion instead of just straight news. that can be confusing to news consumers. >> and people out there have all
these choices about where they're going to get their information. >> right. >> and they develop hatred and affection and other things. and the rest of us are out there, you know, in a kind of a whirlpool trying to figure out i say who can i believe? it's about where you get your news as dow in buying a flat screen television set, a new car or house. you do due diligence.
you have to do that about where you get information. >> i came up in a time when even political opponents largely shared a common set of rules. but this is a new politicaleer when we hear terms like alternative facts. it's also a time of great peril for journalism and the public's right to know. >> coming up, from carson -- >> you had a relationship with the guy. >> i did. we grew up not too far apart. >> to "saturday night live". >> we were changing things late friday night. >> first years of comedy, culture and change. >> the country is so divided. the thing i can tell you right now, is there a feeling effect of "hamilton". >> i think there is a healing affect to theater. of "hamilton". >> i think there is a healing affect to theater. eafeeling effect of "hamilton". >> i think there is a healing affect to theater. eeling effect of "hamilton". >> i think there is a healing affect to theater. ling effect of "hamilton". >> i think there is a healing affect to theater. ling effect of "hamilton". >> i think there is a healing affect to theater. ♪
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was reporting on the governor's race when i heard someone trying to get my attention. he said hey, kid, how is reagan doing. i answered he's going to win. are you sure? i looked at my inquiz tor and said yes. it looks solid. there i was at 26 giving them a personal opinion. when i arrived in 1966, old hollywood was surrendering to the new. baby, nicholson, jane fonda, redford and newman. they were not only star, they were the new moguls and took on political themes. bonnie and clyde. butch and sundance. dustin and mrs. robin sonson an television which then was just three big networks became an intersection of politics and
entertainment. >> some people can afford more clothes on and other people less clothes on. >> that's right. >> the smothers broths were jon stuart and steph in colbert. >> who is running the country? morons. >> i was just down the hall from a cast of characters whose politicians and current events and showcased the likely guests. >> sock it to me. >> lorne michaels was the legendary genius of "saturday night live." >> laugh in had the look of change. the styles were dnj. it was young people. people you weren't used to seeing on television. >> when you were going laugh in, it's down the hall.
>> johnny carson is next. >> politics and the news were the raw materials for carson's monologues. we would see each other and have common roots. per per i was 40 miles up the road. >> i'm ahead of you. >> i hope so. i may say a dollar or two ahead. >> i hope so. >> we grew up not so far apart. we were not equal. eh treatmently generous. >> in 1975, the "saturday night
live" took to political humor of the tonight show to a different level. starting with president fort. a lot of us were fair wame. >> former president gerald ford was eaten by wolves. he was delicious. >> every broadcast is hire wire, but never better than this past political season. >> with the election this year, we're changing things late friday night. we didn't know where donald trump was going to end up and the velocity was staggering. >> before trump declared his candidacy for president -- snl
celebrated its 40th anniversary with this. she said to jerry seinfeld, how much do you think they would pay me if i got donald trump to run with me. >> what if i chose donald trump as my running mate. >> that was not fiction. >> no, no. >> that went from very clearly a joke to here we are. >> from the old master of political sat ire to the young master of musical theater, miranda is the creator of and original star of bra broadway's smash, hamill tonl about an american founding father. >> you grew up with a gifted young man and now not just as a writer, but bang, overnight you have a big celebrity. in the age of celebrification.
>> it's strange. i'm aware of that it's remaining who you are. >> idea logically. it's all culturally. is there a reallying effect of hamilton? >> there is a healing effect to theater. lo at where we are. everyone being in the same room and having the same experience that is powerful and increasingly rare. we curator reality and block that friend on face box that posts too much and we can get a different set of facts from a different network. i think the power is everyone being in a room and putting down the phones and theater is one of the left ones as well. and having the same experience. >> coming up -- from beijing to
berlin. >> good evening. live from the berlin wall on the most historic night in the wall's history. >> lessons from a changing world. >> sorry there anything more exciting? >> political fabrics can only go so far. . delicious. only one egg with better nutrition- like more vitamins d, e, and omega 3s. and 25% less saturated fat. only one egg good enough for my family. because why have ordinary when you can have the best. eggland's best. the only egg that gives you so much more: better taste. better nutrition. better eggs.
better nutrition. whfight back fastts, with tums smoothies. it starts dissolving the instant it touches your tongue. and neutralizes stomach acid at the source. ♪ tum -tum -tum -tum smoothies! only from tums >> the soviet union is breaking up now. >> in 23i50 years, i reported o some of the most moment us events of our time. >> in 1966, we have soviet union dominating this partst world and the rest is dominating this part. china is a blank spot. the world is a much different place now. >> tom friedman, the foreign
affairs columnist for the new york times and i have seen a lot of changes in the world. >> i think so much of the foreign policy is managing weakness. you think of putin and russia, putin takes a bite out of somewhere in eastern europe and spills on to the world stage. nuclear scientists and nuclear weapons. >> approximate for rush why and the soviet union, the changes begin with those who took power in 1984 and recognize that the country had the change to survive. he was a charismatic figure, so different than the men presided over who ron amd reagan called that evil empire. gorbachev promoted a new economy and a new openness.
>> they gave me a prime time interview. >> the kremlin. >> everybody was fine. we got it. >> i confronted him about a cold war flash point. >> you know how important symbols are in politics. there is no uglier symbol in the world between east and west, between your country and what the west stands for than the berlin wall. why don't you use your influence to take that it down. >> he was very self-confident and western looking. this is going to be a new day in russia. secretary of state james baker who saw him up close -- >> he changed the world fundamentally and i would argue in a positive way. >> as the soviet regime began to come apart, there were rumblings in the super power.
i first went to beijing in 1975 with president fort. >> nbc news with the great wall. >> what was it like to be a news man. >> it was hard because you ask people questions and we were very restrict on where we could go and how to get there. it was a little bit of coupy doll thing going on. there was a reign of terror going on beneath all of that. >> this is the overnight train and the people's republic of china. >> in 1983, i took a journey by train across the country. i was able to report from places cameras had not been allowed. >> the drive to control the population is a national campaign carried out at the local level. places like this headquarters and boy is it public. this bulletin board had all the couples that had one child during each of the respective months.
>> in 1989, china was changing and chinese students demanded more freedom following the russian leader's visit beijing. we received tapes from where the chinese released on chinese. i arrived as the government cracked down. >> once it blew up, we couldn't get anywhere in the square. i had this great cameraman. tony said i think i have a way of doing this. tony rigged a hidden camera and together we rode with the people of beijing into the heart of the capital. >> the city has been reopened for a month. they are a symbol of that. >> one chinese under that rode
up and tickled the ones on the camera. i could have been shot. >> by late 1989, the soviet empire began to collapse in poll ant, czechoslovakia, poll ant and romania. east germany, i was reporting on them not uponing the wall would come down. nbc news would have a worldwide exclusive. >> live from the berlin wall on the most historic night on this wall's history. this is a celebration of the new policy announced by the east german government that now for the first time since the wall was erected in 1961, people will be able to move through freely. >> is there anything more exciting than watching people
taste freedom? >> political tyrants can only go so far and it's how people respond to captivity and how hay relate to one another. that is the enduring lesson than anything i had seen. >> on christmas day 1991, the soviet union ceased to exist. the cold war was over and historic effects were taking place around the world. >> name one moment. nelson mandelmandela. interesting. >> because of what he had been there. >> when did you encounter him? >> he stepped out as if he just got back from a business trip. tall, elegant, articulate, beautiful man. they were all denied fundament a rights. >> today my return fills my heart with joy. >> the next day i was in his
garden with him. he was so much at ease with us. so charismatic. >> this is something that has been greeting you wherever you go. >> correct. >> a television microphone. what did you think when you saw it? >> i thought it was a web on and i was careful every time it moved towards me. i moved a little bit back to remain at a safe distance. i was seeing it for the first time. >> mandela and gorbachev were the guys that made a huge difference outside taking on a big system. who is the worst? >> putin was the worst. i met him twice. >> is there an ideology at the heart of putin or are you a pragmatic man? >> he will go to his desk as a russian nationalist and kgb agent. whatever it takes. >> the next international story may be bigger than any single world leader. >> what do you think is the most under covered story right now?
>> the most divicive story in many ways apart from how we put discovery back together from a political and cultural point of view is climate change. you had coverage on nightly news and there is a lot of resistance to the idea of climate change. i'm a believer. >> you can't separate it from politics. >> you can't, but around the globe, there is evidence that this is happening and likely to go on for a long time. >> coming up, it is the biggest story of the last half century. >> america has been attacked. we are at war. >> sometimes it seems a never ending war. >> we never that we would be in iraq or afghanistan for 15 years. we can't keep it up forever. ♪ audi pilotless vehicles have conquered highways, mountains, and racetracks. and now much of that same advanced technology is found in the audi a4.
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>> shortly after i joined nbc news, the six-day war broke out. egypt and jordan's surprise attack on israel. israel prevailed with american support. with the middle east, they took a turn into chaos. the hostage crisis. hijackings and the assassinations. >> deeply disturbing unchecked violence and egypt with the cost of life. >> tom friedman and i first met with the region was unraveling. 1982. it is at once a complex and tragic place. a city that was called the paris of the mideast. beirut can no longer be compared to any other estate. lebanese militia, the plo and israelis battled in fierce
battles across the cities. >> i was in an area i shouldn't have been and a guy emerged and put an ak-47 to my ear and i looked down and he had a boy scout shirt with davenport, iowa on it. i thought wait a minute. it's nations that go to war, it's not boy scout uniforms. i realized how undone everything was taken for granted was becoming. tribal and ethnic conflicts broke out. saddam hussein decided to invade his oil-rich neighbor. in 1990, america came to the defense of kuwait. president bush and james baker got high praise to the coalition they assemble and for the plan led by norman schwartz kof. >> it would be bloody indeed. >> war is bloody.
>> the war was over in a hurry. so this desolate corner of iraq joins a long list of historic sites where they dictated the terms for surrender. but there was a series of attacks by al qaeda coordinateed from afghanistan by osama bin laden. then out of the skies over america, 9/11. >> the world trade center is on fire! >> people asked me what are you the big stories of your time. the biggest single story was 9/11. not knowing what was going to happen in the next nano second. at about 10:30 i looked into the camera and said the magnitude of this will go on for sometime. were at war. in fact here this country has suffered a devastating attack. >> as this tragedy of epic
proportions played out in new york, washington, and pennsylvania, i was drawn to the families and their grief, bewilderment and loss. >> it was a story of mrs. frances swift. >> who are you looking for? >> my son, thomas swift. >> she was holding this sign. and i remember thinking that is the emblematic mother. that's the mother of all of us. >> america has been attacked and it has been changed. this is the first great test of the new century for this nation. >> it quickly fell to the military and the cia to carry the fight to afghanistan. the search was on to find osama bin laden, the mastermind.
>> when america goes to war, someone will surely ask at the pentagon and the white house, where are the carriers. >> i flew out the carrier. the uss john stenis to report on the air war. it was the beginning of the longest war in american history. more than 14 years. more than 2400 americans killed in afghanistan. and 18 months after 9/11, another war. this one in iraq. >> on my orders, coalition forces have began striking selected targets. >> president bush decided to remove saddam hussein even though he had no provable role in 9/11. i was in baghdad before the war began. >> who do you want to fight against? >> against the united stat. >> against the united states. >> the government.
not the people. >> in the first week, resistance was stiff. >> we have rockets. we are under attack right now. >> nbc's correspondent reported live from the battlefield. >> we are with the second brigade. >> tragically, david died af a blood clot as he approached baghdad. it was a devastating professional and personal loss for all of us at nbc news. >> back to you. >> within a week, saddam was on the run. back in baghdad not long after the invasion, i saw what they were up against. >> before hope gives way to resentment and the kind of chaos that could bring on a new war that no one wants. >> the administration's goal was to establish a stable democracy
in the heard of the mideast. that fell apart when the u.s. disbanded the professional army that became the foundation of isil. >> late spring should have a good force. >> general david petraeus struggled as he tried to form a new iraqi army. eventually he designed the surge and one stability in iraq. hundreds of thousands of iraqis have been killed. iraq was a catastrophe in american blood. more than 4,000 u.s. military deaths, 32,000 wounded, many so grievously they will never recover, physically or psychologically and it took until 2011 to track down and kill biosama bin laden. the new president inherits old wars without a foreseeable end.
former secretary of state and jot chairman, colin powell >> they described the fight as a long twilight struggle. are we in a long twilight struggle against radical forces? >> we have been very, very careful about getting into major commitments abroad that require a large american military presence there for years. we never thought we would be in iraq for going on 14 years or afghanistan for misdemeanor 15 years. we can't keep it up forever. >> coming up, the man who helped change almost everything you do looks into the future again. >> we met at the beginning. there was no smart pad, goolle or facebook. >> a robot that can do a lot of things. all of that is speeding up.
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in the past 50 years, technology transformed all aspects of life. from the mundane to the breakthroughs on medical research. space, agriculture, commerce. it is reshaping the world every day. >> there is a new generation of computer wizards. in 1992, i met bill gates. >> i had a fascination with computers. >> when we met, he was a founding wiz kid.
>> one of the biggest thing is getting the computer on nusk desk tops where we communicate with electronic mail. >> he was tireless and tough against competition. >> is there a time when you can let go of this? >> i love my work. it's not an addiction. i love my work. >> that was all i thought about and did. i didn't believe in vacations and our weekends. for that age, it was so much fun to. >> bill gates is 61 now. more elder statesman than boy wonder, but no less interested in how the tools he invented changed the world in so many ways. >> you and i met in the beginning and look at what happened since we first talked. at that time there was no smart phone, ipad, google, amazon was selling books only ando
artificial intelligence. where do w go from here? >> the ability to understand information, a robot that can do a lot of things. all of that is in front of us and speeding up in terms of how quickly it changes. when you look at the technology that you use, what are your favorite thing that you wouldn't want to give up. >> reaching the financial times of london and at the next key stroke reaching south dakota. >> one of the biggest things is artificial intelligence. robots and vehicles that make decisions and imitate human behavior. >> i think you were the one that said we are at the end of the next beginning of the removing into a new time in artificial intelligence. >> to a degree to which it helps with judgment and really helps do autonomous things like
driving, that's an early stage. if you give it 20 years, it will be a very advanced stage. a lot of typical human things will be easily done by software alone. >> today's tech giants, some were not even born when bill gates started microsoft more than 40 years ago. mark zuckerberg founded facebook in 2004 and hired google veteran as his chief operating officer. now his her turn to look at the horizon. >> how much of your daily thinking is about what next? what is coming over the horizon that will be a piece that we will have to adapt to? >> all the time. one of the great things is about the technology industry is we change quickly. when i see enterprises starting a great company, i'm excited about that. the opportunity they have. >> sand berg joined facebook the same year that bill gates
stepped down from day to day control of microsoft, proud of what he accomplished. the next changes to those like zuckerberg, the google boys and apple. gates spends his days setting a standard for philanthropy although still finds time to fire off memos to microsoft, he is more willing to look back. >> you are a visionary, but everybody misses from time to time looking back on your career, what did you miss? >> i didn't miss the experience of the cell phone, but microsoft didn't execute well enough to be at the center of that in the same way that google and apple did. i made a lot of mistakes there. >> the one thing about the smart phone is that people won't put it down. in the elevators in the office they used to talk to each other. i get in the elevator and everybody is looking at the phone.
what new could have happened between there? it's cutting down on human dialogue. >> hopefully we get more tasteful on using these things. it is funny when you walk around the park and you see that guy is talking to himself. no he has the earphone in. >> alexa, how old is tom brocaw 124. >> tom brocaw is 76 years old. >> can you make me 36 years old. >> sorry, i didn't understand the question i heard. >> i was afraid of that. >> what troubles me most of all is a big, big part of the my career. >> black boys have been discriminated against and violated for years. i don't think that there is more of it happening, we just didn't have the cameras to see it.
taking to the streets to protest president trump's immigration ban today after a federal judge in seattle put a temporary hold on trump's executive order. as a result of that, the justice department filed a notice of appeal in that ruling. the president continues to defend the ban and has been critical of the judge's ruling tweeting it opens up the country to potential terrorists. back to tom brocaw of nbc news. the first 50 years. >> of all the stories i covered over the last 50 years, one continues to divide america.
america's crisis in black and white. >> what troubles me most of all if you were tooil it all down is race division. this has been a big, big part of my career and i am troubled. >> you think that's the single biggest issue we have? >> when president obama was elected, i was with you the night after that. you were getting. woe thought this was a passage that will change race relations and they are worse now. >> african-americans have made great progress in so many areas, but we make judgments based on pigmentations, the color of a person's skin. black and white. when i started with nbc news in 1966, race was the big story then as well. after the watts section of los angeles went up in flame,
tension filled the air. >> what about those who said it should be burninged down before it can be a place to live. >> it's a threat. i don't know what for. >> in may 1966, the los angeles police department shot and killed an unarmed black man rushing his wife to the report. >> there is sharp conflict in the testimony surrounding the shooting. >> 26 years after the rodney king verdict and the explosive reaction, i offered personal observations. >> what we are seeing in los angeles goes well beyond fires and senseless deaths. it's a sickening reminder of how we failed to deal with black and white racism and violence on both sides of the law. >> can we all get along? can we get along? >> when it comes to the stories you have covered on the racial divide, which one in particular has saddened you the most? >> i did a story in a place
called madison, illinois. it was a white middle class community and a developer built nice homes and the african american economic class with good jobs came down and bought the homes. >> there was an attempt to make integration work despite white fears, the crime rate did not go up and school standards remained high. as i reported in 1997, white flight took hold. >> it's hard and bitter that when you think you reached a plateau, you achieved something, they still -- you are still not accepted. no matter what. >> why can't black families and white families live together? >> as much as people want to say things changed, some things have not changed at all. >> integration did not happen.
the community is 80% african-american. to this day, i still try to understand the resistance to living together. >> i think the disconnect -- >> i came to cat up with his old neighborhood. he is an exceptional success story. entrepreneur, white house fellow and best selling other of the other west moore, growing up black in america. his mother got him into a white suburban school. he was living on both sides of the divide. it took an emotional toll. >> huh to learn how to be an a camille yon. how much smile do you give without looking cheesy? >> like so many other african-american kids, he sensed it. >> as a young kid, you were like i don't have to work as hard without understanding how damaging that was.
if you break a man's spirit. he will walk there himself. >> had that spirit been broken or internal forces? >> racism is not just about what they are doing to you. it's about the mentality you have taken. if a white person sees a black person or they cross the street, what's just as dangerous is when the black people do it too. the danger of racism is not just what is uk done from one group to another. it's being done to everybody. >> fear and anger escalated in recent years. in 2015, the hometown of baltimore after the death and police custody of freddie gray. this past summer after police shootings in louisiana and minnesota -- five dallas police
officers were assess nate and 9 injured in a rampage by a black man. many recent cases involve videos recording black and police confrontations. >> black boys have been discriminated against and violated for years and there were no cameras to show us it was happening. i don't think that there is more of it happening. i think it's always happening, we just didn't have the cameras to see it. >> i absolutely agree on that. >> black lives matter! >> there is concern about black victims of controversial police shootings, something else is going on in too many cities. hundreds of black men, women, and children have been killed in the communities of chicago, and now memphis. >> i want more outrage from the grandmothers and everybody about what's going on.
>> they have given the outcries and nobody hears them. >> i agree and i think that black lives matter. they say it's not just about cops outrageously shooting young black men. it's about what goes on. >> that should also be a part of the agenda. a lot of people get offended when they say white lives matter. black lives matter is not saying white lives don't matter. it's that black lives matter too. everybody wants to know they have value and what they are seeing as manying and they matter. that is the reason why that movement started. it was to say our lives matter. >> there was a title and a passion that came with it was timely and important. now we have to think about goals. not just about rage, but how doe we now work our way to a
different place. >> that should be a part of the strategy. >> what does our nation need to do to get over this final hurdle. >> i really think on a number of issues and especially on race. everybody needs to lower the temperature a little bit. proactively work at talking to each other and finding opportunities to engage one another and communities and yesterdays and the workplace and to be honest about it, what happens is that when race comes up, people withdraw and the shade comes down and i don't dare go there and i don't misinterpret it and i don't want to ask them about it. we have to learn to talk about it. >> as i look back on my career, i had a lot of lucky breaks, but i always ask if i were black, if my skin were a shade darker, would i have gotten all those chances. >> that's the biggest issue of
my life. it really is. i get emotional. i think mostly because of all the good things that happened to me. if i had been one shade darker, i wouldn't have gotten those jobs. shade darker and they would say i don't think we can do this. >> coming up, they saved the world and almost never talked about it. >> let's call them modest. they were not brag efforts. >> you guys have never been back here. >> first time back. >> how does it look to you? >> peaceful. >> peaceful. >> the greatest generation.
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>> my earliest memories of life are are war. world war ii. the greatest war in the history of mankind. i lived on an army base where my neighbors were going to war or coming home from war. these were defining times for a generation. for a nation. and for the world. to defeat the nazis and japan. america pulled in a national effort. >> this is frank sinatra. >> recordings produced to the troops were a sound track of those times. >> blue skies ♪ >> blue skies above the dark clouds of war. >> nothing but blue skies do i see ♪ >> by d-day, 12 million
americans were in uniform and 16 million served overall. steven spielberg's film saving private ri ab depicted of comba. more than 400,000 americans were killed in the war. more than a half million were wounded. >> grab some cover, put some fire on that. >> the star of "saving priva ryan" tom hanks, who also co-wrote and produced the mini series"band of brothers" has shared my commitment to keeping the legacy of the greatest generation alive. theirs is a legacy of heroism and quiet patriotism, almost never spoken of. my first memories of world war ii are of a bleak sagebrush covered landscape of igloo, south dakota. an army munitions depot. >> which was really a life-defining experience for me, quite honestly.
very remote little place in southwestern south dakota where they were stored ordnance coming up from denver. >> bombs, ammunition. >> they were exploding it out in this desert. everyone was coming home from war, going to war. i wore a helmet every day, wore it to class. those war years stayed with me. soon after vj day, the end of the war, my family moved to a new town filled with veterans. >> lot of logos there for the american legion, lot of flags, lot of ribbons. >> but not a word about the war. not one word about it. >> they were let's call them modest. they weren't braggarts about what they had done. >> what they had done was save the world. i often thought of a story my mother told me about a very kind neighbor, a former marine, gordon larson. >> gordon larson came around, and one morning after halloween he was complaining about high school kids, how they behaved the night before. my mother was like what were you doing when you were 17?
he said i was landing on guadalcanal and he walked out. >> did you have a moment of flash when you knew you wanted to write "the greatest generation"? >> i trace it to the day i walked on the beach on the anniversary. >> 1984. >> yes. >> you guys haven't been back here in 40 years. >> that's right. first time back. >> yeah. how does it look to you? >> peaceful. >> looks peaceful. >> omaha beach was more like hell on earth when harry and gino came ashore with the big red one, the leading edge of the d-day invasion. you ever been more scared? >> no. really scared that day. then all of a sudden, the latch of the door came down, ran on the beach. when you ran on the beach, you heard the screaming. savage screams. crying for help. >> we had machine guns down here. eventually you could hit them and kill those guys off but the artillery behind it was doing the most damage and killing the most men, plus all the mines they had.
lot of men were stepping on mines. >> it's really sad. i said a prayer ever since june 6, '44. >> but the war was just getting under way for them. they fought to the end but just two weeks before the germans surrendered, harry's legs were blown off by a land mine. gino earned the medal of honor by single-handedly holding off a german attack in belgium. >> is it fair to say the greatest generation constantly replenishes itself and faces its own challenges? >> here's what i think. after having written the book, after you doing "private ryan" i think inadvertently we both ignited new generations to look at that war and to see what was going on. book came out in 1998. i can't go through an airport or any public place, every week, without people coming up to me and saying i didn't realize what was going on. >> it's because, tom, you reduced it to its most primal and accessible element which is the human element. is there a tangible strategy, a
philosophy, a lesson that we can take from the greatest generation, what they went through? >> i think what troubles me most of all is the combatants in uniform represent less than 1% of the population. >> true that. there's no draft. they are all volunteers. and they have to go back again and again and again. >> and they are doing eight and nine tours over there, afghanistan, iraq. they're at risk every time they step outf their barracks and nothing is asked of the rest of us. we are home, going about our lives, looking at our smartphones, watching television. that troubles me more than anything. i just think it's immoral for a democratic society to send less than 1% of its people into harm's way and the rest of us sit back and say well, here's a sign at the airport welcome home. >> thank you for your service but we need to say somehow now, watch me do my service. the service needs to go both ways. >> yeah. i could not agree more. i would hope that that would be a part of where we go from here. >> in 2014, i returned to
normandy for the 70th anniversary of d-day. this is why we're here. here above the beaches of normandy just above the water that brought liberty at a great sacrifice. for those who survived that day and for so many others, this is a journey of honor and remembrance. to honor their fallen friends and remember 70 years later. >> what more powerful manifestation of america's commitment to human freedom than the sight of wave after wave after wave of young men boarding those boats to liberate people they had never met. >> there had never been anything like it before and there never would be again. >> whenever the world makes you cynical, stop and think of these men. whenever you lose hope, stop and think of these men.
>> their legacy can never be dimmed. >> for centuries, beginning with the founding fathers, generations of americans have been tested and divided, but we have always overcome. this is my favorite place i washington. it is, of course, the lincoln memorial. the timeless reminder to the great man who led america through its greatest crisis. as a schoolboy, i often recited his gettysburg address and it remains for me the american gospel. in the half century that i have been covering america's trials and triumphs, i often returned to his life, his words, his wisdom and his courage. mr. lincoln did not hold the union together and give his life so we would surrender to divisions and anger that
threaten the nation that shall not perish from this earth. now, one more time, i'm tom brokaw. nbc news. ♪ if you have moderate to severe ulcerative colitis or crohn's, and your symptoms have left you with the same view, it may be time for a different perspective. if other treatments haven't worked well enough, ask your doctor about entyvio, the only biologic developed and approved
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due to mature subject matter, viewer discretion is advised. a convicted thief continues his stealing ways inside the jail. >> he snuck behind the deputy's desk and stole his chew. lord knows what happened to it after that. >> a former law enforcement officer turned meth addict is now serving time with and growing closer to her dealer. >> you know when you go to prison, i don't want you to leave until i leave. >> she also has a