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tv   The 11th Hour With Brian Williams  MSNBC  August 6, 2019 11:00pm-12:00am PDT

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in his presidency, trump prepares to fly into potentially hostile territory. two cities hurting and in some cases public officials are asking him, telling him to stay way. and why the feds say they're struggling in the fight against cases public officials are asking him, telling him to stay way. and why the feds say they're struggling in the fight against domestic terrorism. and the whole world is watching. for good measure the u.s. and china are at a place in the trade and currency war where it's starting to hurt. and remembering a giant. a uniquely gorgeous american voice, a nobel prize winning author being remembered for her message as the 11th hour gets underway on a tuesday night. good evening. day 929 of the trump administration on the eve of what could be a difficult day. as much as this is unchartered
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territory, tomorrow we have an odd occurrence of the president of the united states flying into a place where a certain percentage of the population doesn't welcome him. tomorrow he heads to el paso and dayton. two cities with a combined death toll of 31, all during gun violence during a 13 hour period. dozens of people remained injured. the president said he plans to meet with first responders, law enforcement, and some of the victims. that was followed by a message saying tomorrow is about honoring victims, comforting communities and thanking medical professionals. as they work out the details of the day, some public officials, particularly in el paso say the president is not welcome there. democratic congresswoman veronica escobar is among them citing his rhetoric about immigration, she says the
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president has placed a target on their backs. she says she's declined an invitation to meet with the president tomorrow saying this on this network a short time ago. >> words are powerful. and words have consequences. and the words that he's used to dehumanize us, to dehumanize communities like mine, to dehumanize immigrants, they have a consequence and provide fuel for people who already are bigoted. >> the mayor of dayton has also raised objections to trump's visit. today she told reporters she plans to meet with him, but she made it clear she will be blunt. >> i know that, you know, he's made this bed and he's got to lie in it. he hasn't -- his rhetoric has been painful for many in our community, and i think the people should stand up and say they're not happy if they're not happy he's coming. how unhelpful he's been. yesterday his comments weren't
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helpful to the issue around guns. >> trump is visiting the cities as his administration faces several critical challenges. a volatile stock market, trade war with china, increasing threating from iran, north korea's missile tests and now new pressure for gun control legislation. with all that beginning on and under fire for his divisive language, trump lashed out today at yesterday's statement by barack obama. it never mentioned trump by name, mind you. it said in part, quote, we should soundly reject language coming out of the mouths of any of our leaders that feeds a climate of fear and hatred or normalizes racist statements. trump quoted did george busher condemn president obama after sandy hook. president obama had 32 mass shootings during his reign. mass shootings were happening before the president even thought about running for president.
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that was followed by i am the least racist person. the white house also came to trump's defense today. >> i've seen democrats on air saying he is responsible for this. that his rhetoric is responsible for this shooting. it's responsible for these deaths. this murder. and that is a dangerous place to take this country. we would also never blame barack obama for the police shootings in dallas. we wouldn't blame bernie sanders for the shooting of steve scalise or other republicans. >> today nbc news reported that several federal agencies charged with fighting domestic terrorism are struggling to do that mostly because of cuts in funding and personnel. tonight a spokesperson tells nbc news the committee members are mulling over an early return from their six week summer recess to address gun violence. given all that, here for our leadoff discussion on a tuesday night, jonathan la mere,
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white house reporter for the associated press. kimberly atkins, and katie benner, justice department reporter for the new york times. jonathan, i'd like to begin with you because of some one of your colleagues has posted tonight. a preekt frequent guest of ours. it has to do with the overall empathy deficit going into tomorrow about the president. she says the words he offers for a divided america will be complicated by his own incendiary anti-immigrant rhetoric that mirrors language linked to one of the shooters. it is a highly unusual predicament for an american president to at once try to console a community in a nation at the same time he's been criticized as contributing to a combustible climate that can spawn violence. in the real world of advanced teams and trips like this, there are ways you can reduce the president's exposure to the public, to be quite honest about it.
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he can go to just interiors of hospitals, just a tent with family and relatives and survivors, just a fire house and kind of limit his exposure that way. give us a preview of tomorrow. >> yes. i anticipate we'll see something very similar tomorrow. that is what the white house -- the attacks after he's made visits after a tragedy, sometimes even when he's on relatively friendly turf. i was with him last fall when there was a significant wildfires in california. we ended up in malibu for the second portion of it. he met with victims, people who lost their homes or loved ones in the fires. the press didn't see him at all. met him in an airport hangar in southern california. no eyes on that whatsoever. also a year or so ago when he went to parkland, florida after the terrible school shooting where a number of the students in the days after protested the president and really called for more gun action, more gun
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control, similar to what we're seeing now, particularly in el paso. the president visited a hospital where he spent most of his time on the ground thanking first responders and medical technicians. people who deserve the thanks and credit for what happened there, but those were a friendlier audience for him than perhaps coming face to face with some family members of the deceased or wounded who were protesting him and pressuring him to do more for gun control. as jill wrote and we have written all weekend, this is not a role that comes easily for this president. even if he visited a place where he was popular, he's never been able to show much in the way of empathy. we remember him going to puerto rico and tossing paper towels like they were basketballs to hurricane victims. she's struggleed this past weekend. i was with him in new jersey where he was when the shootings happened. we didn't see him for two days. he remained in hiding only tweeting about what happened. and the statements about the
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tragedy were followed up with tweets promoting a ufc fights, and he ignored questions he didn't want to answer. and his statement at the white house yesterday only raised more concerns about what the white house can do for gun control and how much blame he shoulders. >> also kim, el paso is a peaceful place certainly prior to this. they can hear the president's words. memories are long. i want to play for you some of what he said during his last visit to el paso. >> listen to these numbers. 266,000 arrests of criminal aliens. 4,000 kidnappings and 4,000 murders. murders. murders. killings. murders. but illegal immigration hurts all americans. including millions of legal immigrants by driving down
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wages, draining public resources and claiming countless innocent lives. >> kim, about that reception in el paso tomorrow, what's your preview? >> i think the point you bring up is important, that this is a peaceful community. this attack that happened there, that was more homicides than el paso usually sees in an entire year. this idea that's being painted, this picture being painted by the president as this lawless place is just simply factually untrue. and in the case of el paso, you have a community that is reeling from two simultaneous traumas. it's the scourge of gun violence we've seen happen repeatedly in this country, but there is also this idea of weaponized white supremacy that is growing in this country, and this is just the latest example of that. and you have people who are afraid. people who feel that they are under attack, and that the
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messages like the ones you just played from the president is only fueling that environment. it's not just in el paso. my colleague at wbro wrote a piece about how latinos in boston feel afraid. it's something that's a nationwide problem and usually a job of a president is try to be a healer at a time of division, and president trump has shown that is a demonstrable weak spot as jonathan pointed out, whether it's a natural disaster or some sort of attack on americans. president trump has not been able to find the moment that president bush did after 9/11 or that president obama did after the shooting at mother emmanuel church. in charleston. that's not something he's been able to do. because it's not natural or political to him. >> katie in the days since we've
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heard terms like white supremacy and domestic terrorism. both terms it seems to me are perfectly good descriptors of what we've seen. along comes rod rosenstein over the weekend in this new cycle, a blast from our recent past who called what happened white terrorism. what else did he share with your reporting team at the times? especially if he talked about any potential solutions. >> sure, the former deputy attorney general said we need to start treating domestic terrorism in the same way we treat foreign terrorism. that would mean surveillance. that would mean listening to chatter on the internet and intervening and trying to stop crimes before they happen. that's tricky in the u.s. we have a definition for domestic terrorism. the use of violence to get a coerce a population or message across or change the political landscape. but we don't have a criminal statute and we have first amendment rights in the united states. if you're an american citizen, you can be a member of a hate group and you can say hateful things on the internet, but
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until you commit a crime, it's very difficult to step in. rosenstein's point was that we can have a successful prosecution of shooter in el paso, but real success is to stop them before they begin in the same way that we have radicalized folks who have started -- who have joined groups like isis and al qaeda. that's a difficult position. >> kim, i hate to put you in the role of analyst, but handicap for us for the folks watching tonight, what's the real world chance, a single piece of legislation on this topic will make it out of this congress to the president's signature? >> if past is prologue, little if any. we saw how the nation reacted after the parkland shooting and after sandy hook. if there was not legislation that was moved after that, it's really hard to see this being
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the same motivation. it seems after a mass shooting the standard approach particularly by republicans on the hill is to wait it out and let this controversy pass and then the push for reform will pass. it's really up to mitch mcconnell. there have been some gun control measures passed by the democratic-controlled house. it's up to mitch mcconnell to see if he moves them in the senate. >> katie, where's the attorney general these days? >> the attorney general has been speaking to the president about this issue both he, both attorney general bill barr and fbi director christopher wray have been in touch with president trump. on the shootings. what's interesting, the speech he gave yesterday in many ways echoed the points of ag barr. and wray. he embraced the things they've said they needed including greater surveillance power and help from tech companies. which hole hold the chatter and
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data and rhetoric it's happening online. it was interesting to see how much the speech really mirrored the talking points and the desires of the justice department. >> finally, jonathan, a story that takes us from the american heartland halfway around the world. i am guessing that somewhere in the midwest tonight there's a sow bean farmer wondering if he or she can continue the family business in business. bring us -- bring our audience up to speed on u.s. versus china regarding tariffs, trade policy, currency. >> it's not getting any better is the short answer. the last few days we've seen an escalation of tensions between the economic superpowers. the president and china are working on a new trade deal. there were tariffs back and forth a few months ago. it seemed like progress in negotiations. they stalled. there was a suggestion of things ramping up. last month last month president xi and president trump were to hash out a new agreement. that didn't happen.
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they agreed today start talks again. there's opposition of the -- it's punishing american consumers. farmers and others. as much as the president likes to say china is bearing the brunt, that's not the case. everyday americans, whether they're soybean farmers or consumers paying more for goods because of the retaliatory tariffs china slapped on goods, they're the ones paying the price. those negotiations stalled again in recent days. there was talks in shanghai. they broke down. the president against the advice of his advisers increased another hundreds of millions of dollars on a new set of goods. china has retaliated. they're flooding the market with currency. and it set the president off to a rage. that goes to the earlier conversation. after the shootings, his sole job should be to comfort a nation. he's not doing that. on twitter he's preoccupied with china. he took shots at google today.
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and people around him suggest that this as much his focus as everything else because he knows the trade war was his creation. it's not going well. and if it does really sink the american economy, that is -- there goes what would be his number one argument for reelection. this whole thing, another four years of donald trump, they believe even if you don't like the noise that comes with this presidency, including the rhetoric that we've been so closely scrutinizing, there would be enough to give him another term if the economy stays good. if it falters and this trade war may contribute to that, he's in trouble. >> three great reporters. we're much obliged to our big three on a tuesday evening. thanks for being with us. coming up, if it's domestic terrorists we're going after, how do we do that coming out of the topics we just discussed? what more was law enforcement need? and later, the world is watching as a politically divided america
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searches for a solution to a big problem. the 11th hour is just getting started on this tuesday night. t. from the couldn't be prouders
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save up to $400 a year on your wireless bill. plus get $250 back when you buy an eligible phone. click, call or visit a store today. as we've been saying the feds in texas are treating saturday's mass shooting in el paso as an act of domestic terrorism. today the fbi said that july 28th shooting at the gill roy, california outdoor festival that left three people dead, that's also being investigated as domestic terrorism. >> the shooter appeared to have an interest in varying competing violent ideologies. due to the discovery of the target list. and other information, the fbi has opened a full domestic terrorism investigation into this mass shooting. >> investigators said there's no clear motive there in
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gilroy, california. same with the mass murder early sunday morning in dayton, ohio. about our country's readiness to fight domestic terrorism specifically "the new york times" reports, quote, the u.s. spent nearly 20 years intensely focussed on threats from islamic extremists. the terrorist attacks of september 11th, 2001, rerouted the machinery of government to fight. against threats of violence from middle east, pakistan and afghanistan. but those attacks have waned in recent years replaced by violence from white supremacists an increasingly internet driven phenomenon from lone wolves that will prove difficult to combat. we're happy to say back with us tonight are mimi rowka a former assistant district attorney. distinguished fellow at the pace university school of law, and clint watts, a distinguished research fellow and author of "messing with the enemy, surviving a social media world of hackers, terrorists, russians
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and fake news". clint, i'd like to begin with you on the law enforcement side. it strikes me that on this floor of the building where we are right now we had anthrax in the days following 9/11. short of what happened after 9/11, what tools does law enforcement have to go after what is -- it's not anything new. it's just a new focus on domestic terrorism. >> that's right. the structure of domestic investigations is reactive. former deputy attorney general rod rosenstein put it simply. we cannot stop this if we're always prosecuting after the violence occurred. if you look at the tools for domestic terrorism, we treat it different rather than going through the national security guidelines, we're focussed on the criminal code. we can't approach it in the same way. if we were looking at an isis inspired attack three years ago i might have been here talking
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about a terrorist attack of the islamic state, we'd have been hunting them down online and pushing them off social media platforms and working with community groups trying to do interventions to preempt this. today we can't do any of it. director wray is d raised the alarm. he said he has equal or more of the domestic terrorism attacks. he can't mobilize on the internet on the same way. he doesn't have the resources and authority. it's difficult for him when we don't call it by what it is. it's white supremacy. you have to look for indicators of white supremacy and movement to violence online. it's very difficult to do if you treat every case as a one off phenomenon as if they aren't networked. another part we've completely not really -- completely overlooked in recent days is this is a global phenomenon. christ church. europe. the united states. across north america, they are networks online in a global
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fashion. similar to the international terrorists we worried about over the last decade. if we want to get on top of this, we need intelligence partners. many of the individuals getting recruited, organizing, helping plot and plan, sharing than manifestos with each other that inspire further attacks, they're a global network. they may not even know where they live. we need human intelligence and a lot more resources and more authorities for the fbi to go after this. >> mimi, while it's hard to believe you were already a fed on 9/11, and i need you to tell us what changes you saw the federal government go through including the fact that we all kind of knew that our government may be in our phones and in our lives and yet, you had to be there because in that period, we were all like look, we're okay with this if it means finding the people that did this. >> right. i mean, if you think back to those days right after 9/11, particularly here in new york, it was such a drastic shift
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first of all just in how people felt about their own security. i mean, there was this feeling of am i ever going to feel safe in a subway again? am i ever going to feel safe in rockefeller center and public places? are there going to be planes flying every day and trying to kill us. understandably. part of why people were able to get back most of us to a normal life and not feel that way every day is because of the government's response. we saw the government change and take charge and take control of the situation. law enforcement did the things that clint is talking about with respect to international terrorism. we need both for security reasons and frankly for psychological reasons, for public safety. people right now particularly minorities and targeted groups but i think everyone is feeling this same not quite the same scale, but the sense of insecurity that we felt in those days as well.
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and we need to know to our government, our law enforcement is addressing it ahead of time. proactively. not just waiting for the next white supremacist, white terrorist domestic terrorist attack to happen. and to do that, we need all sorts of resources, reassignment of resources and focus. >> clint, a question i asked last night, god forbid, but how would it be different if we were covering the same number killed only it had been someone had pulled the rip cord on a suicide vest in a walmart in el paso, texas, and outside a bar in dayton, ohio? how would the coverage, the conversation be different? should it be? >> yeah. it should be consistent, and it's quite different. think back to all of the al divide inspired plots covered over the news.
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over the last decade. it was always splashed across the screen what the person looked like. where they came from. they didn't have to execute the attack and we were talking about it. think about the attacks this week. i think we've handled it much better. we're not blowing up an amplifying the profile of the shooters which encourages more shooters. we're not showing the manifestos or reprinting them. that's great things. that's not how we did it from the public and the media over the last decade. one of the most striking examples was in 2011. the most sophisticated i.e.d. seen from a terrorist attack. happened in january of 2011. the assumption was it was an international terrorist bringing it to the united states. it was not. it was a former u.s. military soldier. it was a martin luther king parade in spokane, washington. most of the coverage during that time period was about a thwarted plot in texas that was al qaeda inspired. when you look at how we've treated this over the last decade, all the procedures,
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everything we push, whether it's even during the obama administration, it was disproportionately po focussed on al qaeda and the islamic state. we didn't want to think maybe this is a growing ied ylg of ideology -- white hate that is inspiring each other, and while it has lots of similarities, it's also different, and we've got to get around how we want to tackle it. >> mimi, if you were a senator, with law writing power. what would you do for your former fellow feds who are now in this fight? >> look, the first thing i would do is get them more resources. one day to do that is to create a domestic terrorist statute. we do not have that right now. we can prosecute someone for murder, but we're not prosecuting them for the crime that it is which is seeking to kill people because of their ideology, because of who they
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are, seeking to intimidate people. there is a definition of domestic terrorism in the federal code. we can turn that into a criminal statute, and lots of people, mary mccord has written about this, and how to do it in a way that wouldn't run afoul of the first amendment. we do have to be very careful when we're talking about law enforcement investigating domestic groups. and so there are ways to do it, though, but giving it a criminal statute, a domestic terrorist statute would first of all make prosecutions easier, would give all the things that clint and i are talking about, give us more resources because the federal prosecutors would all have the responsibility to enforce this statute. you would have to obviously have oversight from kovng of how the statute is being enforced. but that is the main tool that would be the way to get the resources that we need. >> we're in the debt of these two great experts in their
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field. thank you, both of you, for returning to our broadcast. and coming up for us, proof that as we say, the whole world is watching. we'll ask two other experts what this is all saying about the u.s. and the u.s. president.
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as we said the world is reacting to america's most recent mass shootings and the role the president plays.
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here is a sample of this week's headlines. from australia, u.s.ed in midst of a white nationalism terrorist crisis. in china, gun violence epidemic racial texs turn america into nation of hate. one of spain's papers one calling the el paso shooting the greatest racism crime against hispanics in modern u.s. history. in an op ed today susan rice as this warning. the consequences of mr. trump's raw racism are not contained within america's shores. they reck shea around the world poison the international as far as new zealand. climate, and undermine america's ability to secure our global interests. with us. vetter florida man. june heilemann is the co-author
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of game change and doubledown. his view of politics expressed by the title of his show. he has a show on show time the circus. john, what is the world learning about us and our president this week? >> i think there are two things. one is that the united states of america is not what it was for most of our lifetime. you know, it is not the exemplar. it's not the shining city on a hill. it's whatever the metaphors you want to roll out anymore. and this country has a terrible history of racism and a terrible history of violence. white supremacy is not new. >> the original sins. >> and people around the world have seen that for -- since there's been an america. since the slaughter of the indians, the native americans. it's not like we're in unchartered territory. what i think a lot of people around the world see is america is -- the leadership of the
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country have stopped aspiring to build a new perfect union. we're a soft target. if you're vladimir putin and what you tried to do in 2016 is in variety of ways, to sew division and dissent in america, you did it well in 2016. do you look address and say we have an active ally in the white house in donald trump. and this country is more divided and has more dissent and more division than before as we're heading into 2020, it's a softer target now than it was then. >> rick, your original republican party paid you handsomely to get republicans elected. it was your north star until the president trump era started. i'm going to read from to the you from a piece in the times. you see the title conservatism has a violence problem. he writes in part conservative america is mostly filled with honorable people who deplore
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violence and bear no responsibility for right wing hate killings. some mass shootings have had no evident political motive like the one on sunday in ohio and liberal america has deranged people like the man who shot at republican members of congress playing softball, 2017. some democratic politicians also have occasionally lapsed into ugly violent rhetoric and suggested they want to punch their political opponents but it's folly to pretend that the problem is symmetrical. mainstream conservative politicians use the violence much more often starting with the president united states and the right wing extremists have a culture of violence unlike anything on the left. its consequences are fatal again and again. rick, let's reduce this to pure politics which is your line of work. what if you're running a republican candidate, maybe in a district that is trending a little more moderate down ticket
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from one donald trump in 2020? >> well, brian, first thing you do is what a lot of republicans have done in the last 48 hours. they're using the words white supremacist violence or white supremacist terror, because they recognize that donald trump has helped to c helped to cat liez this in this country and no, as i've said a million times, not every trump supporter is a violent racist scum bag. all the violent racist scum bags are donald trump supporters and all the guys writing manifestos are donald trump supporters. and so i think we're in a situation right now where if you're a candidate out there and you're in a district that isn't lily white, you'd better look at your rear-view mirror and think about whether or not you are clear and decisive and you called out the rhetoric and you asked the president to stop saying things like s-hole countries and vermin and infested and stop using these
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things that are so -- they're not even racial dog whistles. they're racial air raid sirens. if you're a republican looking at reelection at a reelection campaign in 2020, you better think about those things unless your district is whiter than david duke's robe closet. >> there's another option i thought you were going to mention. that's retiring. >> a lot of them are retiring. i think you're going to get -- i think we're closing in on nine or ten just in the last two weeks. and i think you're going to end up in a situation where in addition to the giant gout of folks that retired in the 18th cycle, you'll see a comparable number this time. which will probably mean the house is meaningfully out of reach for the republican party for six to eight years. given the way that the retirements can have political consequences? >> a lot to take in. both gentlemen have agreed to
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stay with us. it's an important time to check in on the democratic race. we've also going to show you where there is very bad news tonight for just under half of the democratic field.
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the democratic presidential candidates are condemning president trump. obviously and the rhetoric that preceding the most recent mass shootings. a new post debate, politico morning poll shows most democrats, 44% of them still think joe biden is their best guy to unseat this president. bernie sanders is polling at 17. warren and harris third and fourth, 13 and 6. pete buttigieg rounds out the top tier at 2%. and if you want brutal, respondents said the following
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democrats have a zero percent chance, a zero percent chance of defeating trump, and they are klobuchar, hickenlooper, ryan, williamson, yang, bennett, de blasio, gillibrand, inslee. that's just under half of the field. still with us, wilson, heilemann, heilemann, the question to you is, i guess the spirit of de blasio governance is not catching fire across the country. i should have asked the two rodents i stepped over on my way home in manhattan? >> you've been tough on the mayor. you live in jersey, right? that's why -- that's the thing. look, there's -- this -- there's now i think this just is true we have a top tier of the race and then there's everyone else. i think as we head toward the debates in september and october, whether you like what the dnc is doing or not, for the
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first time ever having an artificial arbitrary set of criteria that's going to limit people from the debate stage, it's a case a lot of voters out there having been exposed to this large field are dismissive of most of them at this hour. >> how are they paying for jet fuel at minimum? how is it they have not shaken out yet in. >> i don't know. i think a lot of them are living on tv and running pretty cheap campaigns. most of those people in the zero percent category do not have campaigns. they do not have field staff in iowa. they do not have field staff in new hampshire and south carolina. a couple of exceptions. klobuchar and most of them are running tv campaigns right now and basically running with an economy airline ticket, and a few hits on your local friendly cable provider. >> sounds glamorous, rick wilson. rick, you've been tough on the dems. when you look at this field, especially in light of the zero
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percent numbers, do you see a party playing circular firing squad, eating its young and running against themselves? >> well, look, i think that there was a moment that cat liezed some grownup thinking at some point somewhere in the democratic party after the last debate when it turned to an attack on barack obama and obama care, i think at some point there was a realization inside the democratic field evan that maybe running out to the very, very farthest left edge of the cliff might not be the single political strategy that works. i think there's a cautionary note in the air after that. and i think the natural gravity of this thing is going to shake out. big fields have existed in many races in the past. in 1988 there were a scat of people running for president. there are a lot of histories of large fields, but what democrats need to resolve is one thing. which person is the best person
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to make this a referendum on donald trump? it's not about policy. it's about somebody who is going to post up against president trump and play this reality tv campaign that's going to be able to create most effectively. i think a lot of those folks have shown they've got novelty, but they're not big enough. their personalities aren't big enough. their record isn't big enough. their name i.d. isn't big enough, and it's going to shake out. john is right. these guys are living off the land. they're going a day at a time. it's social media, media, calling to talk radio. >> yeah. >> gentlemen, i can't thank you enough. we could go an entire hour with ease, without even breaking a sweat with these two. rick wilson, john heilemann. rick, congrats to your son on graduating. he sounds like a nice young man on social media. >> thank you. as we approach another break, a major loss for those who love the written word.
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toni morrison, she is used to a little distraction. as a single mother working at a publishing company by day, she would carve out a little time in the evening to write, often with her two sons pulling on her hair and tugging at her earrings. once a baby spit up on her tablet, so she wrote around it. circumstances may not have been ideal, but the words that came out were magical. toni morrison's prose brings us that kind of moral and emotional intensity that few writers ever attempt. from "song of solomon" to "beloved," toni reaches us deeply, using a tone that is lyrical, precise, distinct, and inclusive. she believes that language arcs toward the place where meaning might lie, and the rest of us
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are lucky to be following along for the ride. >> so you see there, even the greats were humbled in her presence and when confronted with her words. the great singer songwriter roseanne cash said toni morrison is a goddess and said, quote, i wish i had written one sentence as good as any of hers. toni morrison died here in new york last night at the age of 88, and tonight our own rehema ellis has a look back at her extraordinary life and her life's work. >> reporter: from the start, toni morrison was exceptional. she remembers being the only black child in the first grade and the only one who could read. she went on to write classics illuminating the black experience, including "song of solomon". >> we not only survived, we produced something so valuable, so irreplaceable, and that's what's worth celebrating. >> reporter: born chloe wafford
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in 1931 in ohio, she studied english at howard university where she picked up the nickname toni. a divorced single mother, she wrote her first novel in 1970 after work when her two sons were in bed. 18 years later, her novel "beloved" won the pulitzer prize and was made into a movie. the story of a black woman who kills her own child to safe her from slavery. >> thin love ain't no love at all. >> reporter: oprah's book club made her a household name today said she was empress supreme among writers. long mayher words reign. >> in 1993 she became the first african american awarded the nobel prize in literature. later honored with the nation's highest civilian award. >> i could never be happy if i thought there was going to be another void, another huge historical silence about the experience of black people. >> reporter: toni morrison, a descendant of share croppers who changed the face of american
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literature. rehema ellis, nbc news. >> and we're back with more right after this.
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last thing before we go tonight, with all that's going on, a simple remind they're the wider world out there is often a dangerous place, and the presidency, the stewardship of our nation and the
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responsibility for the safety of all of us travels along with the president. that was top of mind today when we heard that north korea has yet again fired off a volley of missiles. again to express their displeasure over the upcoming military exercises over the u.s. and south korea. those get under way august 11th. so perhaps we're going to see more of this kind of thing. the north has now shown the world its ability to fire these short range missiles in daylight and at night from a number of different locations. the missiles have climbed to altitudes over 20 miles high. some have traveled over 200 miles out into the sea of japan. speaking of japan, our allies feel threatened by these launches. our president, however, has dismissed these launches. additionally, numerous reports have indicated the north korean nuclear program continues on. but for now, for tonight, the
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headline from the other side of the world is north korea has launched missiles for a third time in just over one week. and that for us is our broadcast on this tuesday night. thank you so much for being here with us. good night from our nbc headquarters here in new york. tonight on all in. >> he's coming wednesday. i have not gotten a call. he might be going to toledo. i don't know. >> ohio sp texas repair for the president. >> he's not welcome here. >> texas congresswoman on why she says the president isn't welcome in el paso. ohio senator on why he's looking for an apology from donald trump. >> invasion. that's not antihispanic. it's a fact.
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>> inside the president's feed back loop online and trump tv. >> we are being invaded. >> it's an invasion. >> plus new warning seens for republicans as another congressman congressman calls it quits. and how the man who bankrupted his casinos is gambling with the world economy like never before. >> we think it's going to be a tremendous success. >> when "all in" starts right now. good evening from new york. i'm chris hayes. two american cities are reeling in the aftermath of two horrifying massacres. one of those clearly motivated by political violence, purposed by someone who wrote a manifesto echoing the president's language on immigration, who murdered 22 people in an el paso walmart. the other by a shooter whose own personal politics appear to be on the left, but whose motives for the act seem utterly inexplicable yet, but who was able to kill nine people in 30 seconds outside a popular bar in dayton, ohio with this uniquely

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