tv [untitled] November 14, 2010 3:30pm-4:00pm EST
i will never forget what happened sixty five years ago. it's the fire corpses flame that's how the reichstag look by the end of april nine hundred forty one. pitch. cue german soldiers fought for every piece of fiction to believe they tried to stand to the last minute against soviet troops. more than fifteen thousand soldiers and officers. polish and german. russians for there's a four hours. left of fortune. the red flag was raised on the top of the lifestyle game a nine hundred forty five. became the symbol of victory of so few people over fascism. i am.
fit in one thousand nine hundred five of. was an anti-tank gun platoon commander he still keeps a map that he got before assaulting berlin. it occurred at the river this is a map they gave out before the donkey at them when we were supposed to attack the outskirts of the dawn and before that they gave me a map and. in late january nine hundred forty five the success of the fistula other offensive had gained soviet troops a foothold deep in german territory. crossing the river they had covered nearly five hundred kilometers in twenty days the germans no longer offered any serious resistance. is now just a stone's throw away from berlin the ultimate objective of the offensive yet we need a map i measured the distance with a ruler of sixty one kilometers to the outskirts of berlin is only sixty one
kilometers or and when the allies bombed the flashes of anti-aircraft shells let this guy like stars. stone stomp to the plan short. the battle for poland to have left the advancing soviet troops with almost no ammunition and fuel the soviet army took two months to prepare for these cells. the germans also took advantage of the delay. of reserves around. this was the place where the army's strongest units were concentrated in the was final weeks you know made after the germans also built a formidable defenses extending twenty kilometers westward from the forward positions with six and a half kilometers from. soviet and german forces were being amassed along the author for the most massive military operation in world history. of three and a half million troops from both sides some ten thousand tanks schools of thousands
of assault guns and eleven thousand to somalia those know all the operation of that scale in world war two you know could there be any building was at stake you see. meanwhile the leaders of the soviet union the united states and britain had not yet agreed on which army would take the german capital the british prime minister winston churchill called on the us president franklin d. roosevelt to start. in a letter addressed to roosevelt on april first one thousand nine hundred five churchill wrote the following if the russians also take berlin it will not their impression that they have been the overwhelming contributor to our common victory unduly imprinted on their minds and may not lead them into a mood which will raise grave and formidable difficulties in the future. britain was aiming to see germany destroyed on the other hand it wanted to the soviet union weakened as much as possible by their real concern was to bob the
appearance of a new rival in the concert of the new continue. in early april the ford most u.s. troops were about one hundred kilometers west of berlin there were almost no battle ready german armies facing them all of them had been moved to the eastern front to repulse the soviet offensive. horizon hours known to have asked general simpson whether u.s. troops could take berlin was lost as he expected in that case i'm simpson said he expected some thirty thousand an. hour sadler that wouldn't do it and u.s. troops were to hold their positions at the russians do the fighting. on april first stalin called a meeting of his supreme command where he decided that the berlin operation should start. i think that if roosevelt hadn't on it on april the
twelfth and would have agreed to the participation of the western allies forces in the assault. as a kind of. prevent the allies from stabbing him in the by. another reason for wanting to take. the british prime minister. the british military declassified documents relating to a few years ago. received. from a british. twenty nine pages. britain. the soviet union a month before the war. by the british attack on the soviet union. on
july first one thousand nine hundred forty seven british divisions were to deliver a crushing blow to the. force to the we. could only be achieved. the occupation of such. a country. for the resistance. some credit is certainly due to the british military planners they were clearly aware that the soviet army was nearly twice the size of the western allies combined forces and quick success in any such conflict would be impossible.
just that stalin was wary of something like operation unthinkable. he knew that something was brewing it's hard to say whether he had a clear knowledge of the. famous aspiring led by kim philby was operating in britain at the time with top foreign office officials they were doing a very effective job. son of a german anti-fascist had joined the soviet army in one thousand nine hundred forty two as a volunteer. in april of one thousand nine hundred five he was a propaganda officer. early hours of april sixteenth he was summoned to headquarters he was told to announce to the germans through the loudspeakers the start of the war's final so he defensive in a few hours time. general this is impossible with
we can't possibly give away military secrets. tenant's we can have an interesting keeping casualties. the war's most massive preparatory bombardment began at five o'clock in the morning of april sixteenth. thousands of artillery pieces shelled german positions for half an hour. were the first to start up the pounding. somebody showed something. antonius schneider was a corporal in the opposing army. tune of heavy machine guns was under his command when they were defending a small railway station near the sea heights. at the very outset his platoon lost
three out of four machine guns. that i thought could we do in that situation got absolutely nothing you could write this or that artillery had overwhelming superiority we were gripped with blind fear all we wanted was to hide somewhere from that ferocious fire as if you found. thing was ablaze logs were flying all around at last for something like thirty five minutes the north of the northern tanks rolled forward and we followed in behind me as a commute then computer were anti-personnel mines all over the place and they do no harm to tanks or to what i had to phone the tank in its tracks void the mines would be so that they didn't blow my legs off. to achieve greater effect one hundred forty high powered search lights illuminate the german positions. marshal to cause idea was to blind the germans to hinder their return fire. through
out the skies you had to fire you didn't know where to look because you were blinded by searchlight and we couldn't see any detail as if all we saw was a blazing bank of the river. for the germans cielo was the last defensive line before berlin so the german soldiers defended the highlands with deadly determination petri tism aside the german army had still other reasons to keep finding to the bitter end despite the desperate situation. that any soldier fleeing his position might be shot in killed by an officer on the spot so many soldiers hanged on poles for attempting to leave their position are propaganda and hammered into our heads that we must avoid being taken prisoner by the soviets at all cost and. the soviet forces expected to overrun the seal heights in a matter of hours. germans clung to their defenses for nearly three days and nights
. after a head on thrust failed to take the heights soviet troops fly into the german defenses only vended the defending army led by general boo say fall back now nothing stood in the way of the red army's advance towards berlin. the cost of the assault was a very high. the soviet forces lost tens of thousands of men in a tiny center near the order. then moved the it's going i have never seen so many dead bodies as i sold the sailor haunts the thousands and thousands of men died in a very small plot of land the most terrifying thing of all was those people dying venue of the war would be over in a couple of weeks fields but on the day we had the second. after the fall of the seal heights the germans never again offered any organized resistance. some
elements of the german army were still trying to fight as advance and soviet army simply swept them away. as though we didn't stay to defend berlin because there was nobody who could for data but because many people died many flat to the west to give in to the americans a meeting caught it in. one of the biggest german suna terese is situated not far from berlin in a small town of hama it occupies a few square kilometers. more than twenty thousand german soldiers are buried here most of them were in an s.s. division called nord lambs. from seal heights was retreating with the rest of the night farming led by general who say. he was running from the advancing soviet army with just one gun in his hands. when his
column was entering the town of hall but it could. under heavy fire. a furniture factory was here. they took us for a soviet and they opened one and so the crossing was covered with dead bodies food despite the fact the fight was going on between two german divisions and. when the germans realized they were shooting their own people they stopped the fire but by that time the soviet troops had already approached the town of. german column turned out to be in a circle of fire on the one side of the street the soviet soldiers were shooting. and on the other side v.s.s. soldiers were fighting back. to her needs were flowing from both saw us the fighting was intense there where the bakery is now tank fortifications they prevented soviet tanks from entering the territory also they prohibited the germans
from running from the battlefield it was on this street we lost hundreds and hundreds of. the remains of his army managed to leave the circle and fled to the west but during those three more than sixty thousand german soldiers died and one hundred twenty thousand were taken prisoner. there was just one day left before the capitulation of germany. for your convenience our comfortable shuttle bus will take you to the. just
a few hours of searching virgin forest and scary times current affairs and you're directly. on the move. scorching soil. there are included. with the wild lunar rover for free. the typical german town of toronto on the elbow river like in many provincial cities the pace of life is slow here. might never have been known to the world if
not for the events of april twenty fifth one thousand nine hundred forty five. more calm or calm on the day an american patrol came to door go and climb to dob as sixteenth century castle zaandam there they saw a bridge over the albert river it was blown out by the germans and they saw the soviet soldiers on the eastern of the commander left an unwilling robertson indeed took a battle in and drew an american flag on it. climbs to the castle settings on more promise and looked outside and threw the flag out of the window and that very moment he heard the whistle of a shell coming from the eastern bank the far someone trying to shoot the window that was a shell from the soviet down on how it sounded assad who. doesn't know it was a group of people including women was approaching the river. we knew that german army officers were hiding on the other bank so it was necessary for us to understand the situation did we need to shoot or find an alternative way.
but finally the soviet soldiers realized that the mysterious men on the far bank were actually their american allies what followed would become an iconic moment in the world war two history the meeting at the end. it happened when the bulk of the soviet forces in circles and some elements of the red army reached the river. the allies from both sides decided to celebrate the meeting. and the soviet lieutenant alexander soon became friends the picture of the two men hugging became a symbol of the end of the second world war. we're both grinning and i was grinning happy to meet each other. we were happy to know that we were the victors. the first link up of american troops
could have taken place much earlier had the british open for a second front in one thousand nine hundred four when they first agreed back in one thousand nine hundred two. on the establishment of an anti hitler coalition began on june twenty seventh one thousand nine hundred forty one a year later the soviet union the united states and great britain signed a declaration on the opening of the second front in europe. one thousand nine hundred two one thousand nine hundred three passed with no second front to relieve pressure on the soviet union in the east. plans to open a second front were made but churchill and roosevelt agreed that it would be only when it became clear that the russians would cave. on the contrary they were. crossing the nine hundred thirty nine. up by. the long delay in the british and
american response had a significant impact on the balance of forces in post-war europe. in the west are upset about stalin's power to shape the post-war arrangement it makes me want to say. we should have gotten the point sooner. soviet troops encircled the city center. the building was protected by. river bridge crossings had been blown up. troops crossed the border. from one bank to the other a distance of several dozen meters. continuous fire. half of the sailors who were there to secure the crossing died in the shadow of the right stuff . and then via room seven sailors were given the titles of heroes of the soviet union. and the then one of them was nikolai. manzer faust
a rocket snapped a controlled so there was nothing left for him to do the movement gripped the two ends of the cable with his teasing you've done he done in that position. the race dog was defended by remnants of elite s.s. units hitler's personal bodyguards. there were also french volunteers from the charlemagne division men of the scandinavian division nordland and a latvian battalion of the fifteenth s.s. deficient. green i'm pretty sure they were crying out from the basement hey yvonne surrender you where many you are of jewels the rules come out of that in the evening of the first of may they changed their tune yvonne we want to surrender they shot it. on april thirtieth hitler committed suicide in the reich chancellery but some s.s. units continued resistance. in the evening soviet troops captured to the right
stocks top floors for the first time the red flag was hoisted over the bull's eye. of the thrust of love a german and seen a draft gun show down that threat flag was in it but it didn't go on hunting or sure that's gone was not tell it by men of my battalion on new yorkers bill. on the morning of may second to general helmets veiling commander of the berlin defense area arrived at the soviet headquarters to sign a cease fire order. lieutenant durenberger was the first to read and type out that order. frankly i thought it was a very old order though there is a. almost exact quote from the initial. has committed suicide. there are no longer committed to. considering the situation of the civilian
population in. considering the situation of our wounded. and surrender with the consent of. said to myself. as long as the war and. soon after the ceasefire order silence fell over central berlin soviet troops took the city under control the soldiers knew that was the end of the war. at ten am there was complete silence be that that's the end of it. there it is a white flag not a flag really but a white sheet. as they start scrambling out of their shelters to get out into the open. that's for sure. evening of the second of may civilians were out in the streets of berlin.
many. but the adults stayed at home with the russians and. heard many stories about . what if they were treated in the same way again the kids had pill faces they were wearing sure some had small balls in their hand. they rushed home with. skipping something else or the pot i found out that the people who were queuing for the food was access from the local theater. which. they were afraid of us they thought russians were car sacks with a long moustache. see they were looking us all over thinking where the russians mustaches were your fur hats they wanted to know that we were wearing field caps we were just young boys at seven. on the evening of may eighth
marshals who called and representatives of great britain france and the united states signed the act of germany's unconditional surrender at the headquarters of the soviet fifth army in berlin. on the ninth of may we were losing to our hearts content we had found a big bottle containing ten liters of apple why suddenly because there was a deafening noise. there were firing from all sides that anybody was a german break room with you when we rushed out we saw fireworks going up in celebration of victory i don't need to tell you that we finished off that bottle in . the berlin operation lasted for sixteen days the soviet troops lost up to two
hundred thousand men according to various estimates the soviet army lost from eight and a half to eleven million men between nine hundred forty one and nine hundred forty five. including civilians a total of twenty seven million soviet people died in the war with germany the combined losses of the usa and great britain came to nine hundred thousand people. who thought the way it was outcome was a result of all casualties and the heroism of off fathers and grandfathers nothing it was the result of self-sacrifice and heroic deeds you should have fought in europe not just in africa. one hundred thousand victims come to compared to twenty million lives what's new.
on our team president obama assures russian leader dmitri medvedev the russian nuclear cuts treaty remains a top american priority as they meet on the sidelines of the asia pacific summit the latest on that story plus. an investigation into a kossovo organ trafficking network brings the spotlight on the claims of hundreds
of body parts from many of them sold during the yugoslav war. and the traitor at the top russian newspaper claims a senior intelligence officer was to blame for the exposure of ten russian agents in the u.s. this summer. and in other stories of the week the leaders of the world's richest economies agreed to evade a currency conflict but failed to adopt real measures to tackle deep trouble. this is r t welcome it's just after midnight now here in moscow i'm kevin with the top story for you and our top stories from the week headlining tonight russia in the u.s. have reaffirmed their commitment to slashing their country's nuclear arsenals president obama says the.