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tv   Worlds Apart With Oksana Boyko  RT  December 1, 2013 4:29pm-5:01pm EST

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and his sister ellie and nine on to school today then they did hear. them now don't want to say whether the situation is normal or not because these little children the punishing them like this making them work so hard when life are they going to have. a future will they have. near the border with greece during the two thousand and this little village experienced an unprecedented period of growth area became the gateway to europe hundred number dreamed of construction tourism and development then the belgariad became a member of the e.u. since then things aren't quite right in the rhythm of a year ok which of you are going to work in the fields after class go on raise your hands. but what or in this fourth grade class the average age is fourteen. and why do i work because i need to my family
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needs money otherwise my parents have to do it a lot on you while i stay home with time to finish six seven in the evening. is it tiring now my parents let me take breaks. so when do you do your homework if i can get it done in the evening i do it in the morning or at a break time whenever i can. how many of your pupils work in the fields after school ninety percent. are you feeling the impact of the crisis here. what are you talking about there isn't any crisis in reading i tell you you can't live in if you stay here you said mackay. thanks to europe these peoples had been gradually leaving work in the fields but then the crisis came and the children were sent back to work.
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one pm after school get in i started a second day she goes to the fields with her father. is the biggest producer of tobacco in europe. growing tobacco has always been a way of earning extra income every family has a field. it's the end of spring and the family have to transplant the seedlings which have been growing for months and. the last year i was still living in spain for work everywhere else i bring the girl but they are my employer insisted that she stays at home she was under eighteen but because of the crisis spain doesn't want this belgariad workforce any more so the farmers have come home and families can't afford not to have the children work. we don't have any money here
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if we did we wouldn't be here nobody has work and your daughter what will she do it her own she'll work in the field no. it's hard work they have to get the tobacco seeds to germinate them plant them water them endlessly then finally pick them dry then cure the leaves eight months of continual work. the year and we work like cattle. you work seven days a week eight to ten hours a day without pay. involved gary and they used to be a state monopoly on tobacco but since two thousand and two the market has been opened up to competition and that's what has ruined getting as father. is that's a great tasty isn't it to be better because of all the work but it's a fantastic cigarette if we don't produce we die before the collapse of the soviet
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union we were fine. and eventually there were millions of smokers there they consume them and we're going to survive my wife and i but the youngsters it's better that they save themselves. they have no future how can they study when they're in the fields all day how can make plans to support everyone what can they learn here these children. forgetting his family the same as for two hundred thousand other families in the region tobacco has become the only source of income. the problem is that this culture doesn't spare the health of its children. so far only one study denounces working conditions for belgariad child workers in the tobacco fields and that dates back to two thousand and one. the authors of this sociologist
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and this doctor who was sent by the aiello the international labor organization. we have observed numerous cases of carve a share of the spine what's more this children have badly developed logs and of the under development of the lungs is linked to the doubled up position of the body the position here is two and growing tobacco since they also work in a dusty environment and this provides the perfect conditions for the development of tuberculosis than finally tearing their tobacco harvest they're exposed to different toxic substances such as star of the fittest and this time we all know how it is undoubtedly carcinogenic. isn't it and look at the book. again in effect. for them and asked for seventy two thousand and one we estimated that the number of children aged five to seventeen who were forced to work was
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already one meal in you hundred ninety four thousand. and in your opinion has this figure increased a bit of course it has. as mother doesn't know about all the risks associated with tobacco cultivation she's too busy sustaining a little family. in the only bedroom in the house getting a relaxes sending messages to friends like any other girl her age. that's nothing i think i have to how my parents career is inadequate to look this really cuz they're not working for anyone else they're doing this for me for this that so i can have a future so i can make something out of my life then do what they couldn't do is divide up so i feel i'm asked how balance when i can even if it's not
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a lot of folks are more when they're close that fuck all i'm not like those spoiled children in the cities who do nothing to help their parents the sell go to the vet to quit all diplomats at least a little detail this year. garia is seriously suffering the affects of the crisis however it's not only the country where child labor has increased exponentially. even the world's sixth biggest power confiscated. maple's one of the poorest cities in italy. here to the crisis has forced hundreds of families to send their children to work from a very young age. your body is thirteen and has been working as a waiter for over a year. done a good morning coffee. in the back of
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a bus was. pushed. to defeat yeah it's a tough job but i've got to do it because mum and dad have problems so i have to help them. do you want to do this later on. i hope i'll do something else when i grow up. kewl. coffee in this pharmacy nobody is shocked to see a child working paying. for your. e-mail from two pm until nine giovanni paces the streets of his neighborhood tray in hand for him childhood games only a distant memory banks and my friends only think about football or play station ok that's because their parents they have work. mission and as for me my parents can't find work the tree is heavy the neighborhood is big and giovanni is here seven
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hours every day of my research because i have to carry this tray so it hurts. but i'll build up muscle get used to it and then it'll be better. can you give me a big glass of water. has just a few minutes break with the way to put the cafe that implies him. this time are you tired. oh no i'm fine so you've done ok yes because there were customers that i'm the tips of yeah it's ok you know. because people here are kind. giovanni doesn't cost his boss a penny to celery tips from customers eight hours a day on average he's great this boy he knows his job by myself i started working
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when i was eight years old. here come on boy hurry up with your call face off you go. right short of that have you. think. he isn't the only child he's working in this district of naples. in the corner on the right another boy fourteen years old tries to. i. am going to. i am having entering because unfair to say this is safe because if some try to hide it because child labor has long been illegal in italy. how of a few dead do anything to stop it. what is the fate of the house of saud on its list of complaints against washington is long and getting longer the saudis are furious over western dealings with iran disappointed that obama didn't bomb syria and one of its only real friends in the
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region is israel given all this chemical house of saud afford what it calls an independent one paul. weeks between thanksgiving and christmas in the united states a confluence roughly twenty percent of annual mall shopping during that period of time people are much less rational one day when they shop yes certainly in our modern era people are often spending money that they don't have and spending it on things they don't need to accomplish what they have. delivered torch is on its epic journey to structure. one hundred twenty three days. through two thousand one hundred towns and cities of russia. relayed by
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georgians of people who are sixty five thousand kilometers. in a record setting trip by land air and sea and others face. a limp a torch relay. on r t r two dot com. quite often countries rich in natural resources are the poorest africa's car a. it's a colony of the big corporations it's a colony of someone's home leaders who are under the big corporations so they have to beg from the world bank's development of social programs goes to pay back debts whole country is drowning under the amount of debt that they had and so every year they would borrow money. and they would use the same amount of money to pay back. all that money. the wages of debt.
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sometimes people ask me what i'm doing here they say it's exploitation of a minor but i'm smart i go into bars and if there's a control i pretend i'm buying chewing gum paying for a coffee that kind of thing around the street corner giovanni bumps into his dad. i'll serve you. it's ok. no son works on the black he doesn't like it but he's resigned to it everybody to hear some people tell me this is exploitation of a minor and it's wrong. and all or none of them say to me ok use nothing to eat i'll lend you a hand. yeah you do nobody helps you here you know. if i sent him to steal old ladies buy eggs that would be more acceptable here the way that it would be if you work on asli and maples it's considered humiliation but people will say oh and per
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kid was a shock but if i sent him to steal an old lady's handbag in two minutes he could get fifty euros. it doesn't even on met in a week with his tips if he still on the other hand people would say that he's got balls. gennaro wouldn't be able to take over from his son he wouldn't be discreet enough for this type of work on the black. for giovanni the day isn't done. i got home giovanni's mother monica has agreed to show us around. the way here's our bedroom i sleep here with my husband and they're in the smallest through our other nine year old and here giovanni thirteen. body which is the kitchen you know the way we need. them and we do what we can and.
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pushchairs the bathroom. in total that's twenty five squalid square meters connected by one electric cable coming from the neighbor's house. runs out of there already don't have electricity anymore. i want to have nothing in the freezer you see. any waits empty even when i do have electricity. this. and those other things people give me now and then i put them there the family survives thanks to food packages since this year italy has become the top country for emergency food aid inside the european union. not for resale it comes from the church this food parcel this also was given to me by the parish. and in there and there was monica's husband gennaro has been unemployed for three
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years since the pizzeria way he worked closed down. looking much three years ago i would never have imagined that things would get so bad. to think that all the sacrifices i made were for nothing. illegal and i. could feel that since i was a child even a truck. all of it for nothing. for being a pizza maker was a respected job done by artisans. you could compare yourself to an architect or nurse used to be someone everything's over now i feel like i'm good for nothing but a baby by the point one time i decided to end my life. while i was trying to drink bleach she said mom what are you doing are you going to banda now. so not to scare my husband and kids i know pretend i'm ok. but there i mean it at night sometimes
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you curl up in a ball and cry and you say to yourself what a terrible life what is the point. where we live and what will become of us if the lord doesn't give us a better life. giovanni comes home lost every evening he asks his mother the same question. what's for dinner pasta again well that's all there is. to. the crisis has plunged into the sort of publicly that takes the city back fifty years to the post war. area. with twelve million people and an unemployment rate verging on thirty five percent has become the symbol of a desperate to europe europe to its knees. to out of every five children live under the bread line it's
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a record. at seven am giovanni's the family waking up in the only room that's a bedroom. so. given he has two sisters four and seven years of age his family lives on less than four hundred euros a month. just like every morning the children are getting ready for school and just like every other morning it's the same problem. when they have morning break and they have to have a snag they don't have anything. yes it's true that snack time is hard. because you see all the others eating and we never have anything. to eat. this morning giovanni and his sisters will make do with just
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a glass of milk. so i know we are living in poverty but. on the outskirts of the city is a dormitory town where hundreds of underprivileged families live. the average monthly income never exceed seven hundred fifty euros a month. to understand the extent of the child labor problem just follow giovanni to his school and into his classroom. out of twenty five children enrolled only eight present care absenteeism from school is spreading like wildfire the deputy head i was under a scope betty comes to show us. mr scuse me good morning was another i see here we have a third grade class a final here class here is their teacher as you only need to see the number of pupils here right the beginning of the academic year and it's plain to see that we
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have a lot of chronic absentees yesterday we went and got them from home so there were more but today the arm is all over so they've gone back to their normal activities where are they they should be at school but in school or where are the well they're not at home at any rate i don't know they vanished disappeared sour in the local area. this is a school with a chronic absenteeism rate over sixty percent in other words out of every hundred children in roles sixty hardly ever come or even don't come at all vanished in italy we're not talking about truancy but chronic absenteeism the desks are empty the children gone elsewhere working when children are absent it's because they're engaged in other activities. so would you say that the number of pupils go no to work has increased since the crisis work is
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a complicated term here it's not right for the kids to work i'm telling you because the law doesn't allow minors to work legally so we're talking about criminality that's why our school is a gateway school it's our task to rehabilitate those children who have been forced to help their families in here it's a question of necessity you know often in order to be able to eat families have to shut their eyes pretend they haven't seen anything don't know anything thing that you know what the deputy head doesn't want to say openly is that here pupils giovanni's age have only two choices to work illegally or join the ranks of the camorra the neapolitan mafia in order to combat this disturbing and chronic absenteeism the region of naples has appointed a special advisor he's a man who's resigned himself to the problem because children working illegally is the lesser of two evils. it's true that here we think it's better to work illegally
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them to be selling drugs on the street corner. the situation is very difficult and there's no easy solution and i felt. like a crisis is hitting hard businesses are closing down for kids just out of school we have to admit the chances of finding a job are slim almost nonexistent. we're still one. hat. judging by the adviser's words if you want to get a job in naples it's best to start out young. fifteen years old. the youngest of six he lives in the north of the city. just like every day he's come to say goodbye to his teacher who's known him since childhood. last. hello burn intense and you've come to see me yes.
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comes to tell his teacher something he hasn't had the courage to say until now. so what are you doing this year. study think i'm going to work this year simona you know i don't think i'm going to carry on with school she will i'd like to try but i think it's best for me to go to work on a journey up to as time goes by that is where there's less and less work basically we've seen so many factories close and it's only two thousand and twelve he's also multiway single mining even countries like england that are rich or france countries where they never had any problems for them they're affected by the crisis . if we look ahead to two thousand and sixteen there won't be anything left. so i've been thinking. better to find a job now instead of waiting seven or eight years. yes i know you're supposed to be
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in school until sixteen. but anyway i'm fifteen. anyway these days no one can force you to go to school and everyone has to figure out for themselves what to do with their lives because often and i'll swap over having to. clean the past a machine for me to hate and then i'll give you the flour and water when you finish ok maybe. for the past three months functions it has been working on the black in this bakery and his neighborhood. oh and don't forget to put the salami ham and eggs in the past. ok so i think. maybe i should and i enjoy working. here always moving in feel learn how to do
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things. we want to have already worked before him in bar then my brother told me there was a place here and i wanted to give in. it's also because i want to help my family my mum it really helps. save. so much to earn twenty four years so week. twenty four euros a week seventy five cents an hour off a ten hour as well could day six days a week. this boy he's my helper oh yes it's true he's just a boy but he's a hard worker and he's got to grow up sometime that's life you know ma. wealthy british style. markets why not scandals. find out what's really happening to the global
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economy in these kinds of reports. war is probably the most complex human activity. in the phenomenon of friendly fire probably extends back to the invention of gunpowder. kill a bunch of people you know don't want their families there or of us people. reading. this summer shoots my brother in the leg not intentional because it because it was night times four in the morning even the best even the
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mesh soldiers. are going to make mistakes does this whole idea of brotherhood and author and camaraderie in this. it was in this context that has absolutely no place. this is the place that has been consecrated to god for almost a thousand of years people jam here twenty some years ago so he established a master quiet on the silence. and people feel the love of christ all working. people say you can catch them come when something happens on this island that makes them return to it again and again they say the below saves them. join me james brown on a journey for the soul. only on.
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the music secret laboratory to mccurry was able to build a new most sophisticated robot which will unfortunately doesn't give a dollar amount anything tunes mission to teach music creation why it should care about humans and worry that this is why you should care only on the dog. choose your language. we could know if. someone. chooses to use the consensus you. choose to get the news that invigorating if you. choose the stories that in high life choose to access to your office.
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dramas that can't be ignored. stories others refuse to notice. faces change the world lights never. old picture to say. from around the globe. look to. i was thinking somehow i had to come back because mom was waiting for me. and i just knew that everything would be fine for some reasons we were so confident because we were going to get married officially after he came back how could he not come back because the mere thought
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of it never crossed her mind. when the militants decided to try and break through her new guinea screaming grenade. explosions blow them all run his back the rule. and it was all over all of us. we know that our comrades and our commander won't leave us no matter how tough it gets we're team. there durable is getting was a senior in his military trio. he knew that if he didn't smother that grenade with his body more of his comrades would die he gave his own life to save his friends.
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they are saying here hundreds of thousands of pro e.u. protesters battle police and storm government buildings in the ukrainian capital are demanding the president quit for not signing a trade deal with europe. a breakthrough nuclear agreement reached between iran and six world powers has met with angry statements from israel and capitol hill hawks that claim the deal is a failure. and scotland independence movement launching its manifesto. he would also call a halt to the damaging wasteland suppose the seas are pushing so many people into pull the critics say the way the text is heavy on detail and light on facts.

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