tv Documentary RT December 31, 2013 3:29am-4:01am EST
it will be. more like it is on the mainland in the middle of the night. it's just black sky and starves. the locals say there are three not four seasons here day night and snowmobile season. indigenous people on the island because of the harsh environment but a very small few have chosen to live here. yes . just. be careful.
in mid november the arctic night descends on the archipelago. to great at the norwegian town of longyearbyen. special ceremony. for many years ago was declared terra nullus all belong to nobody it wasn't until nine hundred twenty that the islands became norwegian territory but even today they enjoy a unique status. in any country that signed the spitzbergen treaty can freely and gauge in commercial activity here no visa or is needed to visit the island and there are no customs or border posts anyone on the planet can come and settle. there's just one condition they must be self-sufficient. this. place is so special because. little people came here and they really didn't know we
had or really are because i think ok and already are closer to north pole yes you are. and other people all have a friendly you know that scooters and everything about. time to time have been saying. this is could be very bad. if you're on the from the uk. to sales and five hundred people live on the island but knowing the number of beds is more of a challenge there are at least three thousand certainly more than the wrong people . you know. i don't like to call my husband just here if we. let his or her well entering the room for. maneuver. or have you ever come to the other. hiring
a rifle here is as easy as hiring a scooter but if a bag gets shot the investigation into whether it was really killed in self-defense is a sorrow as it would be familiar to. feel and is indeed an unusual place shops provide special lockers where customers can store their guns while shopping and while deer amble freely in the streets. there is a distinct russian spirit in this small norwegian town only two countries currently maintain their presence on the island russia and no way. this is the reason why the american i hear it is not are. going to go or because they have a russian there. are still any fact you these people took an interest in the russian language for a reason they often visit the town of balanced budget for decades the neighboring
towns have shared visits for sporting events. we may be different in many aspects but i'm sure everyone's happy to have a neighbor pool you see there are no other neighbors around here. and we've had a lot of enjoyable meetings in baron's burg. you're leaving for work yes you have a regular working day of course not it's a holiday today hardly there are no holidays in the mind two years ago maxim to above came to spitzbergen alone to see how it would work out. many people can't bear being separated from their relatives. is not everyone manages to move their families here. you could not everyone can cope with the atmosphere in this
arctic night. he left his wife and three children at home. we didn't feel anything for the first six months. little thought then mum started missing dad. and so did we we are well he wasn't there we could only talk on skype he had to call me every day as soon as he was home from work. knowing that he was safely back from the mine was the most important thing for me. two months ago the duble family at last moved to barents burg. and i'd like to spend at least ten years here and i want to settle properly and save enough money to buy flats for my kids. i do your homework yet a bit. but
. i haven't seen you for ages so does it feel better having a family with you or do you need to ask you must feel more like real man yes. in the past barron's bug was always a male domain not a place for women with children. men still account for the majority of the population. there are no old sick or socially disadvantaged people here. every inhabitant of the island has to be young and healthy enough to be able to work because. my grandfather worked here and nine hundred fifty six such as he spent two years on this island and dad always dreamed of going where his own father had worked that issue came in two thousand and eight with my mom at the show and in two thousand and nine my wife and i came here to you know i think that i'm the head of the tourist agency and the hotel administrator that's part of my job
description. although it's my wife's job to deal with the mail that rests on my shoulders too. difficult so why not during tourist season i also work as a guide. you know and when we have excursions i work in the souvenir shop in the morning i teach english at the local school which is why i'm not in the office. there's only one employer in better. cold is a russian state owned company everything in the village shops and canteen old belong to the. people can only get tibetans but once every two months. both cooks they decide to change after a wedding anniversary stephanie has brought her two children to be with her husband
. has come alone. her husband that's a first. year ago another woman came on her own she left pretty soon though. she was an accountant. usually it's the other way around. well after their husbands men try to find jobs for their wives on the island. of the. new arrivals gather beside the personal department
stephanie brings her children with her. there's no one else to babysit because everyone is at work. also owns a productive mine the parents. everyone has to attend a briefing when they first get here. there is going to work. she'll start as soon as her children are going to kindergarten but first we have to get used to the new home. movies and pretty the kids started whimpering and i decided to leave so we wouldn't disturb anyone. it's always dark outside so i'm constantly sleepy and my eyes hurt but i'll get used to it. other people cope somehow so well i will wait for the light i hope will settle here well like the place. i think. now the main thing is for the
kids to adapt to the climate and be healthy. the first contract is usually for six months a second for two years on average people have spent four to five years in barren spoke but there seems to be changing workers or nell spending longer periods of time here printing furnished apartments and so the arctic cold trust is renovating many of the houses and was there a t.v. set yes so there it's so nice just great. seeing everyone loves this place it's nice and tidy. new residents meet up at the home supply store everyone has a long shopping list. because as a small pan. a bucket. i think our first two
paychecks will be spent entirely on the household number one two and the third one as well there's no cash on balance budget in two thousand and eleven there was an attempt to introduce a local currency called the bone but norwegians were unhappy about the idea of banknotes. soil with the russian federation printed on them. it's rumored that to avoid conflict the governments decided not to use any money at all . and no more bank cards to work here either the shops only accept a special internal card which is given to all up to coles employees everyone sets their own credit limit and the balance is a bench really deducted from salaries. it's easy squire laying money away because there is nothing to spend it on no rest trends or days cuz i'm sure that if we do you manage to leave here for some time it will be closer to each other so this just
goes to show that my uncle told me about people living there has been so wise for other men and women. it must be an island of temptation here. some of the sixteen percent of imports came from illegal fishing. the european union is ironically taking fish from some of the poorest nations on earth so this is a very serious and very urgent problem that needs immediate international action. on foot to enter our territorial waters like they fish they load the fish on to the ships and leave for europe. to day illegal fishing is taking the bread out of our mouths.
go to kindergarten my daughter asks me does not it's still dark will be going it will always be dark now i tell her the sun has gone to sleep she says i want to go home i don't want to live by the sea she thought it would be warm and sunny. through n l four hundred thirty people in bennett's book including a hundred and thirty women and fifty five children no one is ever born on the
island it's against the rules that pregnant women must return to the mainland. spitzbergen children never catch colds the virus comes survive here. it's only the newly arrived to bring infections to the island. that's why children are always quarantined for their first ten days when they can't go to school or can to go out and. sometimes though children just can't adjust to the climate. their parents either have to send them away or leave the island for good. it's too cold to go outside so the kids wrap up to play in an unheated hole where they can exercise without being exposed to the elements even though the temperature is almost the same as outside the kids are protected from the biting optic wind.
ok see yourself down ok well. thank. you again heavy i know i'm not. the only seven fiesta you didn't have a silly is in the first year but all the students sit together in one classroom irrespective of age the teacher gives each student individual assignments and then checks them separately. after classes the children stay in school there's nowhere
else to go and the teachers always try hard to find new ways to entertain them. you know. it was useless i realized why running small difficulty here is what is the add pressure on the island is higher than on the mainland and it's not difficult to brief. me sometimes i ask myself if a normal life would make it easier for him in the future when. i still don't really know. i'm not sure if we've made the right choice. although the spitsbergen coal reserves are being depleted to continue mining is a matter of principle a presence on the occupy logo is a political imperative for both russia and norway.
the mind works around the clock so the adults work in shifts they often leave as early as six in the morning leaving dunhill to wake the younger kids. but also when the alarm clock goes off. i wake marine or in the silly they want to stay in bed. with us still duck live where we go and they ask. bush marina's teeth i mean obviously does he's own. style you can i put the kettle on and dress them. for when i grow up i'll move to the mainland and go to university. all. i want to be an interpreter. to make good money.
it's always good to know a foreign language. the most important event in autumn is the annual sports competition. people from the norwegian to. visit the russian to attend. it's a tradition that dates back many years some say it began as early as the nine hundred thirty s. when both norway and the soviet union was still new to the occupy. the norwegians told their neighbors their traditional game cold. we'd never even seen a stick before when we started playing we didn't know the rules and we were constantly asking questions now we've got the hang of it and how one wants.
but i think we're on equal ground we're good at volleyball and always win at basketball we're about even in football and as for chess we've got a new player who will bring us victory. all the competitions held symbol to flee. winning is a matter of those countries especially when it comes to football and bundy. only twice in the competition's history as the. norwegians at the national game. the second time was last year but fortune wasn't to smile on them this time. the football had the fans on the edge of their seats with the team's neck and neck
. as though the russians proved victorious. i lost two games. and i played with and walnuts as well. there's my boy. did you know the done he did clever boy. surprisingly the basketball game is the most dramatic. the norwegians are less than happy with the referee and one spectator is quite indignant. among them i wonder how much. do we need a ref at all no referee you can do without a raf while you are afraid let him do it while you do it. referee give
him a whistle. go over there. there'll be two of you go on. to referees take to the court. the people of spitzbergen do know how to compromise. there are more than forty different ethnicities living together on the island. northern life demands tolerance and cooperation if it's to be survived. thank you. right now. the sporting event is one of the very few opportunities people have to socialize and meet up specially during the long arctic night.
you work here. and you just miss it. working often. so my ok and table tennis are football football football ok. it was good but you got one. no making ambitious plans to develop its own tourist industry. the abandoned mining town. will be home to the new russian tourists. and there's no people there so it's kind of like a ghost town there was one guy named toby. you tried to go for a hike so. it took him by two weeks and he had had to get. picked up by a fisherman because you have no more food left so i think you should only do it if
you have a yeah. but it can only be reached in daylight and the devastation season is already of. the for when the polar ends and the snowmobile season begins the alcatel of those russian six will be teeming with people her. tourists there's this they like watching us locals picking up the kids from school the guide probably tells them where the natives. if we have to say hi and smile when we go to work or come home shopping or just walk and they're gone yeah that's it we stay right back. but that won't happen until the poland and the northern sun has risen again.
for now people only venture away from the settlement for emergencies perhaps to repair vital and hard to reach equipment no one leaves the village without a very good reason. that usually people only leave the village to admired the beauty of spitsbergen all want but what can they see at night for nothing. there's absolutely nothing to see. during the long polar night the residents tend to live ordinary workaday lives. new arrivals are given time to get their bearings but today is oldest first day at work. i was anxious if. to do everything on time. but i managed it's fine the husband only starts work tomorrow he's here and they'll to support his wife
we're going to spend at least two years here but we'll have to see how it goes to here is a long time maybe six months will do it. before starting to work independently there will shadow a colleague for a few days. i have a boyfriend. but i'm not sure she'll come here. stephanie has children couldn't started kindergarten because one of them has a cold only time will tell if he can cope with the climate i want. to. play her behave. well i don't like it and tomorrow you go to kindergarten yes. and let's proceed see if you. just. that the weather is
awful look how strong the wind is and it's so dark. and it will stay dark until the next day begins. why is the price of gold so high. demand global demand do you think oldest money. know the value of the only place we have to live of the water that we need to survive it's not compared to girl i mean gold we're not going to eat gold we're not
going to bait with gold. we're not going to drink over what clearly what amal is and is in a desperate economic situation absolutely right what we're running to do is say they're for any kind of economic development from the outside is going to be a benefit their only purpose is to extract as much money as possible to feed into the global financial system. with we are part of the geo political economic system that's extremely exploited to. first of all is a question where the mining should even be carried out altogether can it be done in a way which doesn't destroy people's lives resources environment well you know those are pretty serious questions mining is not a what a moment problem it's happening in asia in africa and south america in central
america in mexico and it's even happening in canada and the united states. on their way to antarctica the crew of the i can to make sure that face many challenges. here you have to look out for yourself crashing on to rocks trapped in pack ice in extreme conditions anything can happen and dart to always comes up with surprises you have to keep your eyes open because if there's always something going wrong the ship carries huge reserves of water food fuel as well as helicopters and people able to survive extreme conditions they're ready for anything even an apocalypse she's really an incredible ship calling all antarctica stations this is academic a field of radio check please respond. right
volgograd mourns the deaths of thirty four people after two blasts read through the city's mayor railway station and a trolley bus all in the space of less than twenty four hours. revelations claimed the n.s.a. intercepts computers purchased on line in bugs them with special software and spying gadgets before they reach their owners. and a look back at the top scandals in breakthroughs that shape the global news events of twenty thirteen. one pm in moscow as a very good to have you with us our top.