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tv   Documentary  RT  January 1, 2014 9:29am-10:01am EST

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with insulation fund if it was given even the slightest chance to sneak in it will be impossible to dig it out. but diesel generator was the last to be shutdown no one can survive without heat. the operation takes just a few hours to complete. the station is ready for winter. comfortable flying people to these are going to make few of them. are no good to say you know good to see you back here they told us you would come
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you're here unfortunates smiling upon us again everything's going to be great. i'm going to be eighty five in april now i only go to the doctor. and antarctica. i'm drawn towards it my wife isn't even aware of these expeditions in the last few years. rushes expeditions to antarctica from cape town south africa while the ship stays in port for a few days the team members enjoy some time off. many of them want to take a tour to the cape of good hope. unfortunately there's not enough space on the bus so the polar explorers decide to draw lots to determine who gets to go. in the
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soviet era to get to antarctica it wasn't enough to just be lucky you needed relevant experience with drift ice in the arctic as well as recommendations there was no other way to reach the southernmost continent today it's enough to send your resume to the arctic and antarctic research institute along with a clean bill of health. just two days ago both the new comers and both are heading to antarctica for the first time they get to spend the whole winter together at the nova lot of gas station. did me. i heard about it in the institute but i just put it on the back burner at the time it wasn't what i was dreaming about constantly. i wasn't even thinking about antarctica six months ago. i was pretty scared about two days before we were mentally and. i didn't feel that
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way but when you actually realize it's here when the data set and your dream is ready to come true it's. what's next i don't know if i like it i'll keep doing it but if. they will both fly to antarctica from cape town. the landing strips can only operate for short periods. the weather is too unreliable and the distance too great. for example even in early autumn the temperature at the station falls to sixty degrees below zero skids can get no traction when the snow is that cold. in a month's time the academic field. the food and fuel for the station. will spend the winter the ship is a floating headquarters. of the seasonal expedition. and ahead of the winter team
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which. right now i spend less time at home. of course my family is waiting for me back home but i think they get fed up with me after a while but. they are used to living with me that's just the way it is. gave me one toilet roll he told me it would be enough until i get home i said for a year and he answered when i say home i mean. those who are experienced are already used to it the newcomers have this mix of romanticism and pragmatism. i used to be a bureaucrat. seriously but at some point i just started to feel better antarctica was the only thing that was true and real.
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from some petersburg and. i'm going to spend a whole year at the progress research station. time to clear things up and answer the main question who am i what changes await us probably happened. this is antarctica. kind of uncomfortable after the ship right. was one of the pioneers of russian antarctica there was nothing here except a rock before the first generation of explorers with plenty of experience in the north pole landed here on the southern continent. i don't know how low. it was but
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to russian stations from the ground up he spent almost every winter here our first joy decks position was number nineteen. this is a good keeping up with tradition of photographing each winter team it's really good. come to check up on the progress station after it's reconstruction it's recently been named the capital of the russian expedition. are you happy i can see that compared to other stations here this place is having. the most important event in the life of a station stuff rotation. everybody. twenty five people will be spending this winter at the progress station so. i'm
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johnny. the head of the station is like a ship's captain he is responsible for everything without his permission no one can leave the station a little later they'll be given a mandatory briefing although many of them don't need it this is not their first winter here. hello there. so who knows our place is dear i do. ok doctor so. you know your place is. david doctors are going. to. take this one it'll be your room. the same way they have. and a galley. ship as
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a result. and everyone takes their routine. this is absolutely a second home. you don't have to feel that it's a temporary. when you're here you have to feel a year is a long time. it's not so easy to live here for a year. yet i'm waiting on my partner he's probably busy with science right now. today the whole station is focused on the same job. brought in by helicopter from the i could. together the team is made up of a few scientists a chef. and others responsible for maintaining the research station it's easy to
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see who's already spent a year here. there are no women here why should i shave. it's really difficult to spend a year with just. i never smoked before but i started to after became the head of the station because they were always complaining. someone meets with their mouth open or someone doesn't wash their socks or someone snores or someone said something inappropriate about their wife or mother complaints every single day. women do not spend winter at the russian stations married couples were brought here several times as an experiment but it didn't work out. they sent an engineer his wife was a cook it was hard work. to care or have a bags and lots of meat. of course she couldn't do it so he had to draw more he was
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doing to help her. he couldn't do his job because of that because he had to help her. and that's even touching the deeper psychological issues. there are two cooks here the weather may change but lunch can never be postponed. here. steak with onions and mushrooms. frighten beef liver. sausages. i always say guys why do you love sausages so much look we've got steak gala francaise liver oh these cutlets what is it with sausages . some know what they do is they put all the good stuff on one plates and then come
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back with another plate and take two more sausages it doesn't matter. after consulting with the cook the station has to buy food for example instead of buying lemons it's better to get limes they stay fresh longer experience has taught them ways to keep goods fresh for a whole year. eggs can be preserved for a whole year if you turn them every ten days that way the yolk won't dry up and go bad space should be left between bags to keep onions. but it's impossible to say how long a cabbage can stay fresh. so there's one time i peeled it all the way to the center and i wrapped each one in paper after like they used to an old timer but it didn't help it kept going off i wrapped each a cabbage head but there were no changes so i don't know that is why it stays in its string bag now if it starts rotting and eat it quickly. antarctica
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teaches hills and breaks but it trains you is well. i'm much more modest now. this is my sixth winter here it's been nine years in antarctica already they ask me all the time why do you go there you idiot you saw it once ok twice there's nothing special about it. people change that's true they do. first of all when they go back home they're already dreaming of returning here again. little you might think that could be nothing more monumental and timeless than the view of this landscape. but it is only temporary over three days the view will change at least three times.
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why is the price of gold so high. demand global demand do you think oldest money. know the value of the only place we have. of the water that we need to survive it's not compared to i mean gold we're not going to eat gold we're not going to bait with gold. we're not going to drink what clearly is and it's in a desperate economic situation absolutely right what we're wrong to do is say therefore any kind of economic development from the outside is going to be a benefit their only purpose is to extract as much money as possible to feed into the global financial system. with part
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of the geo political economic system that's extremely exploited or. first was a question whether mining should even be carried out altogether can it be done in a way which doesn't destroy people's was resources environment well you know those are pretty serious questions mining is not a what a moment problem it's happening in asia in africa and south america in central america in mexico and it's even happening in canada and the united states. he survived war atrocities. to make a final decision. has changed his life and the world
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around him. by giving up. hope. and love to so many children. nikolai the american worker on tape. if you. start to construct your. want to be. good don't want to be gangsters you don't want to be. drug dealers they don't want that bull without the time but can't be we can't. just me because i was right in the hood.
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like that. i don't want to die i just really do not want to die young young age. i am. just a few days remain for the summer team to hand over to their winter colleagues form a bureaucrat journey so spent a year studying magnet ology really wanted to come to the antarctic every station has its own magnetic room there are no metallic objects in such rooms the temperature is kept stable at approximately twenty five degrees celsius a computer constantly records changes and time has to be accurate to the nano second clocks must be adjusted in a very special way. for three days we can only take notes there's no time to make
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changes siminoff dreamed about and talk to several you know for example if we take a calmness in russia it will show us north that way but if you take it here it will show north that way even though it's that way if we follow the compass as we used to do it in russia we won't end up in india as expected but in chile south america she. as a student. it was important to go to antarctica to collect the data he needed. i didn't find anything new for. here there are no influence like t.v. or anything like this. you have to sit and think. simply sitting in thinking.
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keeps his instruments in a corner of the same room his job is to monitor high altitude conditions all the data he collects has to be sent to an institute in st petersburg and the equipment needs regular adjustment. in fact every poll or job has its own specifics such details are handed down to each new generation of polar explorer. these balloons can rise to forty two. information to a console of the station. is very important we make aeronautical charts for aircraft like how high helicopters can fly for instance similar balloons are released all over the world at midnight g.m.t. russian polar explorers have long invented new ways to make the process more efficient such as how to make them easier to release. it is so short but we can still set up the balloon like this there's about fifty meters of rope here how to
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make it go. in a mixture of kerosene and benzene that. we came up with it makes it fly higher it can fly up to thirty kilometers. without it it will only go as high as twenty two. other countries don't care so much. less. and how to make it faster there are inflated with hydrogen. there's a rope down there it's all reference point i can check the top point of the balloon by using that oh there we go. today none of the scientists remember who actually came up with these ideas. from arctic experience it was our own atmospheric scientists who invented them. not every antarctic station has its own atmospheric scientist but all of them have
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a meteorologist he doesn't get the chance to get eight hours of sleep because he has to submit weather data every six months and he has to go to the weather station every day. has a sort of utilitarian value of what i think the weather data. you know if we have all the data and the prediction and work out the. information from that anymore and i think. generally almost all of the scientific. comes down to monitoring investigations and observing different processes. doesn't play the main role here. the main.
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sciences. have to make sure we have a claim here. at the program. but the polar explorers don't like it. used to going to the remote clicks. to taste better. water here is the same after distillation and because of the lack of minerals polar explorers constantly suffer from dental problems. better to fill it. table and forget to take.
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any more. pull my teeth out all the time here i've lost four in this room alone it's my sacrifice to antarctica. it's been a month since our. station. but thankfully this month. even started to study english set up a computer here alex a help me he installed a ton of different programs everything i. usually don't have time for anything or to think. about anything seriously but here we have an opportunity to stop and think it's the first step was the most important thing to me. after
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a month the newcomers have settled into station life which works to a strict shed you will. there is one meteorologist one narrowing just one seismologist when geophysicist we still have plenty of work to do no one will do it for you. all the kinks are worked out i was really impressed by that. doris swing and worked all of them to it means the way they do you won't wrench it out of your hand and fling it open. all houses are placed in a room with a little tilt from east to west the wind here blows from east to west that's why all of the roads in maine trails have rails and ropes so you can hold onto them if it's windy. so i called our rooms suites and they burst out laughing. they said they were
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called cabins. well ok then the cabin is a cabin. after a month alexei has a little more experience and can do his own research. to investigate the earth's climate he has to make a range of observations of the sky researching lunar reflections. and solar phenomena today is the last day to check all the technical details with the help of his predecessor. you have to change the filter see here because of the bright moon so be easy take your time things have to be arranged in a proper way. tomorrow he'll leave with the rest of the old crew and the new will begin their winter tour of duty. we have a new group of specialists here now all of them are young how are they going to get along with each other.
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how old are you twenty years. i'm the youngest engineer here i'm twenty three i'm the youngest one here. or here by two months. these last few days before winter always the busiest is when the men have to stock up a year's worth of infantry they work all day long. once a year so there's a great deal to do and plenty of containers to unload. all of them are waiting for the last helicopter. in my heart i already feel. the only thing is to get along with the new guys that will be. take a month to get acquainted with. the shortly after that at the beginning of winter.
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after fifty years of a russian presence in antarctica the definition of a polar explorer has changed. there are things i have seen. in the movies and the things we have here now are completely different but we sit here now talking about today's watermelon which was not so tasty and then we retired to our european style rooms about some of this difference with the lives of those who built it all up from the very beginning unconquered nature here were completely different for this book i felt that. alexander. traditionally the last helicopter to leave will circle the station. the ship leaving on time to will sound its horn three times signaling the start of winter. they may still remember the feeling of the helicopter made its last farewell circle and was off mark well it was the beginning of winter and only thirty two people
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were left i felt kind of sad but. better the roof. then the long pole the nights began along with inevitable depression because of six months absence of some exhausting snowstorms loan letters home and the desire to see friends and family but even after all that many will still dream about coming back fortunately there's plenty of work here in antarctica for many generations to come . together and unsolved mystery for me. that is an interesting question. which is why does this place attract me so when i sold mine you know what that blowing already. precious free goodbye horns.
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the antarctic winter has begun. we need in the new year in this edition of crossfire we ask what is in stores as we start two thousand and fourteen this year different even better from the users who should we keep borrowing and what story should we be following. britain's clotting community fears its good name has been tarnished after incidents of people in clown costume scaring members of the public copy cat craze believed to have been started by
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a man known on facebook as the northampton clown involves people dressing as the circus characters to surprise passers by and public places i know what you're thinking you're thinking that sounds a whole lot like the terrifying clowns of westminster george osborne with his big red nose and floppy feet scaring citizens into taking on ever more debt for fear of missing out on the property ladder or the equally horrifying stephen king like clowns of ben bernanke and mark carney wearing their big red frizzy wigs and staring menacingly in through your window at night pointing teeny tiny scored goals of the bankers. much of your advice is centered around the negative aspects of american culture example mindful eating social eating of voiding of snacks how much of an influence do you think american culture has on the rest of the incredible. sixty two things.
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the food. all the countries worldwide. on their way to and talk to the crew of the i can to make sure the face many challenges. to the. look out for yourself crashing onto rocks trapped in pack ice in extreme conditions and i think can happen and article always comes up with surprises you have to keep your eyes open because if there's always something going wrong the ship carries huge reserves of water food fuel as well as helicopters and people able to survive extreme conditions they're ready for anything even an apocalypse she's really an incredible ship calling all antarctica stations this is going to make it feel good of radio check please respond.
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because. it's twenty four seen everywhere on the new year's enjoyed a spectacular welcome across the globe with crowds of revelers a ringing it's eight times a white times our. present present visit the city of volgograd mourning the victims of successive suicide bombings up to a pledge to fight terror until the end it his new year address. also last here welcomes twenty four seen the new currency but many dollars that optional the crisis euro will turn out well. on is just a month before the winter games start insulting we're told from decision preparing to host the olympics and obama get.


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