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tv   Interviews Culture Art Documentaries and Sports  RT  March 23, 2014 5:00pm-8:01pm EDT

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moscow and crimea celebrate their reunion as the republican officially becomes part of russia on the heels of voting to leave ukraine meanwhile a russian bank gets a new high profile club after being hit by fresh u.s. sanctions. i personally don't have an account in it but i will definitely open when i'm president putin says he wants to get his salary bag as washington and brussels add more russians to a list of those sanctioned by visa bans and asset freezes despite all of them being connected with the crisis in ukraine. around a hundred people are injured and dozens arrested in madrid as the margins in violence
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after thousands converge on the capital from across the country. with a look back at the past seven days top stories and the latest developments this is the weekly international moscow in crimea have celebrated their reunion after the peninsula broke away from ukraine to become part of russia the skies were lit up by thunderous far works both in the russian capital and in which is the main city of crimea crowds gather there to watch the spectacular show and to celebrate. watching that one there well there we have a millionaire finally a russia at last a long dream has come true nothing. it's a holiday we're celebrating diwali
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a vacation with flash hysterics marlantes. i think all crimea is a happy day went back and masha only one week now for the russian speaking population in ukraine south. before crimea was signed sealed and delivered to russia president putin leased out at ukraine's new leadership russia strives to be on good terms with its neighbor but putin made it clear that the far right radicals calling the shots in the interim government are not the sort of people moscow wants to talk to the president also hit out at the u.s. and europe for supporting the are people saying their actions have crossed the line . who carried out the coup in ukraine you nazis nationalists and the anti semites and they still define the country's political agenda it's clear that there is no legitimate executive power in ukraine right now there is no one to negotiate with washington's that further sanctions on moscow over crimea this week the u.s.
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says it's supposed to punish those who threaten ukraine's integrity however it appears some of those targeted have nothing to do with ukraine but instead all belong to the president's judo club get added to go he's a businessman who back at nine hundred ninety eight founded the club where putin was training brothers are cardium borders rothenberger also businessmen and members of that same club the only couple chook is the co-founder of the bank was one of the judo clubs founders as were his bank it's also been sanctioned by washington which inspired the russian president to open an account and have his salary paid there. regarding the as far as i understand this is a middle sized and i personally don't have an account in it but i will definitely opened one on monday. well brussels also weighed in adding more dame as to its black list of russian officials in both the e.u. and the us of threatening restrictions against the russian economy as well in case
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of any escalation it is foreign minister has warned sanctions against moscow but actually it europe itself but it looks like most of the e.u. governments beg to differ and as a commentator says it's actually become a habit in europe to blame moscow. traditionally russia is accused because that's the vision that many politicians inherited from the times of the cold war but in this situation europe is profoundly an economic crisis and for europe in launching towards ukraine was a victory they hoped to bring to the electorate before the european elections but of course it failed because it wasn't realistic while it was largely voluntary based on sound dreams and political ambition so when the reality came and you had a car which took a step which was the only possible step we seemed out of the same step to a new leaders because economically you can't integrate the country of forty five million people without two million dead overnight so it is
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a traditional it pros rekers europe still is needed it's needed of this image of anime are fresh and bare because it's much easier to talk about the situation of conflict and crisis created by russia's meant to resolve the problem of twenty five million off european unemployed. russians move to incorporate crimea has triggered a verbal fight in the un security council where the u.s. envoy attacked the russian ambassador berating moscow for going as far as calling it a thief. russia is known for its literary greatness and what you just heard from the russian ambassador showed more imagination than tolstoy or chekhov a thief can steal property but that does not confer the right of ownership on the thief. during our discussions today some of my colleagues used excessive language particularly the us ambassador ms power who started by mentioning tolstoy and chekhov but ended at the level of the tabloids such insults concerning russians are
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absolutely unacceptable that should be clear to them is that the u.s. delegation expects to cooperate with russia in the security council on other issues in the future what is the use that i mean many are claiming the crimean referendum was forced by russia and is therefore illegitimate but journalist christine stone who was also an observer at ukraine's two thousand and six parliamentary elections thinks otherwise. western media made all sorts of attempts. to try to show that it was forced on people and they had a lot of journalists in crimea while it was actually happening and because hand and with their best endeavors it was very very difficult to show that anyone was being forced to do anything saying no as being a legitimate i think we've called the two thousand and ten world calls decision on call supposed which said. there were no international sectoral rules on such
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things and in fact any sort of question could be asked and there was nothing particularly wrong in international law if the result came out as they have done in crime is so i think it's very difficult for them to use international more in this particular situation to spain no what started off as a peaceful rallies in fouls and small to madrid from all across the country turned into violence on the streets of the capital protestors are angry at staggering unemployment rates ongoing a steady cuts attacked police it ended in dozens of injuries and arrests of our correspondent you're going to sort of witness the clashes. it was a peaceful protest rally throughout basically the entire time until the end when it was coming to an end and then suddenly a group of young radical basters with their face covered started throwing stones at the police the police had a perimeter there they started brushing the protesters away from it and then we've seen firecrackers being fired at the police and reportedly rubber bullets being
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fired back as a result there are injuries on both sides wouldn't actually following these protesters for peace you know and everyone i spoke to in specially the older professors they told me that there may be some problems with the police money comes to the younger professors the younger activists they did expect some sort of problems put happen and apparently that's what's happened here or shortly critical against the government's policies specially economic policy is that the spanish economy is going through severe problems unemployment stands at around twenty six percent which means that the only other e.u. state with more serious problems in that sense is greece after greece comes spain but when it comes to the youth fifty percent around fifty percent of all the youth in spain don't have a job also around two million spaniards are really dependent on state pensions and
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food. banks and so on which is also applying a pressure on the economy at same time of the troika go to the international creditors and brussels they are calling for more job cuts for more we doctrines of salaries and at the same time they're not promising any improvement with the economy the economy in the next four years which obviously is only aggravating the situation and he's even making these thousands of people more angry. well before the protest has ended up in madrid they had covered hundreds of kilometers on foot on the so-called march of dignity you don't have a chance to walk with people who told him why they felt they had to undertake this long journey. why are you here. why am i here i'm sick of this government with all the promises they never fulfilled they said they were going to create more jobs and lower the taxes but it's a lie instead unemployment rolls from four to six million this is the only way we
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can fight back. or exhausted after twelve days of walking it's cold at night and during the day we're in high spirits and we have to put an end to these savage policies. that cause you to take part in this march thing there are too many reasons and yes my sons have to work every day from eight in the morning to five in the evening only for four hundred us by month also i'm a teacher and i know what cuts in the public sector i mean all these of fiction's this isn't saying i'm marching to madrid because i can't walk to believe and trust us we must stop them and the troika. well that sentiment is shared by many in the country and earlier i spoke to writer and activist claude evolve verdes who says people have to take part in protests to let the government know it can't get away with his policies. for one day we stop our protest in our missions that would take everything away from us have already taken a lot everything else and it's our responsibility to our grandchildren to to at
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least try to stop at least to try to keep some of what our grandparents records but i think it's our responsibility in course that those who are because we see we haven't taken everything else away like they maybe we like doing. the country's got to get out of that hasn't it and surely that's something your future grandchildren of got to think about as well what is the alternative apart from these methods the debt which is we've got to pay the debt i mean that. mitt look at argentina in stopping it there and it got out of the situation it quit or actually think part of the debt the part of they think makes sense because most of the debt is not our debt is because he belongs to the banks so i think that we should stop taking our tax money to pay their debt. this is the weekly live here not international in moscow still to come on the program burning bridges. one of italy's riches province is votes over whelming elite to break away from rome
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for analysis. quite often countries rich in natural resources are the poorest africa's a colony it's a colony of the big corporations it's a colony of some its own leaders who are under the thumbs of the big corporations so they have to beg from the world bank's development of social programs goes to pay back debts all country is drowning under the amount of debt that they had and so every year they would borrow money. and they would use that same amount of money to pay back o. debts. and all that money really. the wages of debt.
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right. first. and i would think the church. doors would. instantly. be in the. turkey's prime minister has said the country's all the forces have a syrian plane in the border region where rebels have been battling president assad's forces as it shot down the jet with two rockets as a war plane had violated its airspace to land one damascus of a heavy response while syria accuses neighbor of flagrant aggression claim it was flying over syrian territory the aircraft came down in syria. well back to ukraine
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now and over the course of the bloody coup one of the country's opposition leaders had no interim prime minister arseniy yatsenyuk took to the stage many times to promise people radical changes but since taking power he's backtracked on many of those promises not his money the cost of reports. the self-proclaimed governments in kiev came to power banking on people's frustration over the collapse deal. yet if the e.u. agreement is not signs then according to article one one one of the criminal code the president will get ten to fifteen years behind it. however later i've seen yet some newcastle backtrack on this my pleasure to pick up with because we've postponed signing the economic section of this document due to concerns over the possible negative effects that entering the free trade area might have if the industrial regions. easier said than done apparently once you have to
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actually analyze all the pros and cons looks like everyone is at odds and what's being called the new governments in ukraine with contradictions of rain then supreme. court heard promises from kiev to join nato and get as many weapons from member countries asked possible a draft law on the resumption of the process of integration of ukraine internet zero has been filed and recorded provide the maximum possible material and technical assistance in the form of modern military hardware and armaments once again something he had to take back is crucial in order to keep ukraine undivided we've decided to keep a session to nato out of the agenda. what about all those promises to ban the russian language. yes i don't want the ukrainian youth to speak russian i want them to speak english i
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will make this my top priority i want them to travel to europe this is my assignment is probably just. nuke or no one's trying to take away your right to speak russian according to this law in all regions dominated by russian speakers russian should be a regional and de facto official language and it should have the same rights as the ukrainian language that was a quick one eighty and in stark contrast with his previous convictions if these are regime for russians was announced for a few hours at one points. ukraine's national security and defense council took her decision to introduce a visa regime with russia only to be dismissed by gazza nuke the very next day. ukraine should not hurry with introducing a visa regime with russia and this move must be mature after almost a month an office see absolute has failed to show what he's capable of other than
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threats which he did not follow through on and questions remain as and so what are his long term policies will be as far as easy to take back as the ones that we've seen so far marina call sort of. a top ukrainian navy admiral claims the russian military has built up an offensive strike group in crimea allegations with this response moscow russia's deputy defense minister says western observers know it's false to. seen in spirit seen seventy votes have visited the russian ukrainian border initiative and these teams consist of observers from the u.s. canada switzerland and the baltic countries it is the chance to speak with military personnel there and take photos you go after we spoke with the inspectors who said they were satisfied and did not find any alarming military activity and russia's border with ukraine be mowgli as. many in ukraine's eastern regions are refusing to recognize the new leadership in kiev taking to the streets in defiance of the
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interim government several regional centers are in govt in protest with crowds accusing the new leaders in ukraine in kiev of neo nazi leanings and many are insisting the ousted president yet a coach is still a legitimate leader some are calling to follow the example of crimea and hold a referendum on joining russia others pushing for federalism in ukraine with the mob for greater autonomy from kiev the city of donetsk has become one of the main flashpoints of pro russian protests thousands were running there over the weekend right only lived there for forty. thousands of people have taken to the streets again this weekend in donetsk and demonstrations across the city this weekend in support of a president victory on a covert she was ousted by the current post government in kiev at the city's square is a little with banners and posters in support of unocal which as well as slogans being chanted for victor to come home the main focal point of the demonstrations over the past few weeks has been with regards to a referendum for the region and that this is continued this weekend with
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a large portions of the demonstrations matching on the regional administrative buildings to demand a referendum for the region of dumbass of which donetsk is a part of so it seems that with crimea referendum last week and seeing them join the russian federation is one of the people they seem to be inspired by that and the demonstrations which have really got a momentum here and what they believe referendums may may become a reality but the people here insist that this is not just because the russian i speak russian has also economic reasons behind this where they feel that moving closer to russia they already have many business links with makes more sense and lanky have taken closer to the e.u. who has countries as seen some severe economic hardship in recent years i do believe that. economically this russia will be a much better for us it was ukraine russia and bella ruse sway our own brothers we want to be together and not divided and told how we should live and what we should do by the e.u. and america i'm so the people who are saying that not only did they not recognize our choose the government in kiev but the beauty on a cold which is still villages in the present of the country maybe he can be the
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man to come back to donbass which is his local region and set down by aspects of russia. bank robberies office raids and crime racket seem to be the new reality in ukraine where security forces a struggling to maintain control of radicals i mean these are pictures from the trades major oil producing plant which was stalled this week by all men but even the believed to be the so-called my dad fight it's some suggest it was an attempt by shareholders to seize the stock witnesses say police appeared at the scene but did nothing to intervene. well that might be understandable after seeing a video like this police seemingly coming under attack from radicals or simply walking down the street another incident there was an attempt to rob a bank in kiev but the group was allowed to walk free whatever the interim prosecutor general seems of little understanding of the events in the country at the moment. the truth as to the situation. with his.
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movie. about the bank robbery a criminal investigation is underway. meanwhile the radical near nazi right sector group has registered as a political party and announce its leader will be running for president let's take a closer look now at the new leadership in ukraine and those rising to power their . literally the man in a beige coat is a deputy of ukraine's new parliament here he is representing the country's information and media committee to sign the resignation i tell you he talks to the head of ukraine's national t.v. channel first well now the form has been selling you sit and sign your resignation shut up and take your hands off me like a told you i'm too sure resistance are the rudder deputy stepped in. and we're
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telling you that this is the paper you will sign your resignation with all that just because he's channel broadcast the russian president's address on crimea signing it's your russian is going to buy me a greenie and you are not real grainy and. bigger mission in turn is a member of ukraine's ultra nationalists a border party condemned by the european parliament back in two thousand and twelve for its racism anti-semitism and xenophobia it grew up from the social national party which has a swastika like logo to the members of these and other far right parties form a major part of ukraine's new political face their methods of becoming the country's new political language the genius who. says how many of the country's politicians do business today you want to take my gun you come here and take it all enjoying their freedom and bringing them to justice. on
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articles. and some news just in from crimea we're learning that many areas on the prince are suffering power outages including the administrative center of support opel crimea's first deputy prime minister has said that the ukrainian government has cut the crimea electricity supply in the hoff or keep you posted on that development of what's going on there as we get more. nation here naughty international. the moment right now the deadly disease known as has been claiming thousands of lives in southern guinea for the last month and a half and fears of an epidemic a raging now that the highly contagious virus is thought to have spread across the border more details of the latest outbreaks and. also their international search efforts are continuing to try to solve the disappearance of a malaysia airlines flight with the spotting of new objects in the ocean it's hoped
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that fresh like could be. more details just a click away. roundup of some of the international news stories now in brief three people have been killed in a fresh wave of clashes for you the total death toll of the protests to thirty four has been raging for weeks over soaring inflation and chronic food shortages with activists accusing the authorities of spy for the opposition of the present government claims the protests are backed by washington and radical. a massive landslide north of seattle in the u.s. state of washington has killed at least three others remain unaccounted for authorities say they suspect people are trapped in the day and it's too dangerous to send the rescue. also destroyed thirty houses and forced evacuations. crimea's residents are the only europeans protecting their right to self-determination with referendums of both scotland and spain's catalonia planned for later this year well this week phoenicians joined the club voting to break away
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from italy eighty percent that's around two million people were in favor of the province going in a referendum was by no means binding and is not recognised by road but the numbers alone make an impressive political statement giovanni the head of the independence movement and says the current separatism trend will only grow further. the next step is. to fair a document. will present today you know but also to the e.u. to mr blair and then we will make pressure for the record play tional live independence of the treaty over. the borders turning the crank the first century rover the stage and probably more fodder for the european nations who bought for them over the last twenty years if you think about our new nations lots of them in eastern europe i think people are struck when they don't like places we bestow for
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a new wardrobe or more somehow based. on the american superpower people are and feel very uncomfortable. with this and there is a move in economy in social but also in ethics to believe decision making back to local communities so we don't we don't talk in terms of supply of this talk in terms of self-determination this is this is a kind of newark the ideology which is quite growing that throughout europe so long in. its is becoming quite a frequent think all of the worlds. oh it's international love here mosco morning coming up the bread basket of the world why it's regional economies are faltering that's next the focus is on africa.
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a group called the representation project is spreading the word with a viral you tube video that the most destructive thing you can say to young boys america's be a man everything is even mild and pleasant a cardinal sin in modern america you want to know why we say be a man imagine a medieval village what if all the men just didn't want to work the land because it hurts their hands or would be willing to fight an invading army because they might get hurt themselves or some girl gets pregnant all the village guys would say well that's her problem the idea of being a man is part of her evolution without tough men that tribe are city state or whatever would die out many people would say that this is all in the past but as western civilization goes down the tank we see more and more forty year old boys with no wife no kids no ambition no guts no grit no discipline just trying to
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pretend to be a man playing online video games be a man is probably one of the best things that anyone ever said to me thanks dad i'm sorry representation project but you are dead wrong but that's just my opinion. well come to that xan siberian. what are the places you never go to. fun. things you never do. experience you'll never again. be surprised you will.
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depend on to the world bank and the international monetary fund africa finds itself crippled by foreign debt and remains a continent of great poverty and inequality is. as long as we are in thrall to and dominated by debt i've even go so far as to say enslaved. there is no attention paid to social affairs like health and education can you imagine we have to sacrifice congolese children who have to die who cannot study because they have to pay for the debt. and the international community talks about generosity now they are talking about cancelling the debt as an act of generosity by controlling the country's resources. that they say the debt is used to keep countries with natural resources under control. it is used to control
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countries in the southern hemisphere both politically and economically. today we've got less than five percent of the world's population living in the united states consuming almost thirty percent of the resources and roughly half the world is living in poverty close to starvation are actually starving that's a failure it's not a model it's not something that can be replicated in africa or india or latin america so it's a failed system we know that it's a failed system. like the world bank and the international monetary fund play
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a crucial role in the entire history of the debt crisis a fact that these two situations created in nineteen forty four began to lend on large scale developing countries in the sixty's. they had actually started in the fifty's. the real surge in loans explores in the sixty's. the roles of the i.m.f. and the world bank have changed radically since then it's all driven both institutions have become instruments of oppression. and control over new sovereign countries in the immense. via. the most typical way that economic hitman work is it will identify our country that has resources our corporations covet like oil for example and then arrange a huge loan to that country. from the world bank or one of its sisters. actually go to the country and to our own. in the democratic republic of congo is the
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most powerful. one of the best examples the workings of the system since it was built the dam has had one problem after another this represents the most emblematic of what we call the. realisations that have increased the country's foreign debt with objectives that have nothing to do with human or economic development but. today the congolese people have to pay for station which was not built for them but to supply energy to the. two kilometers away. what i find appalling is the complicity of the multinationals of certain countries of businessmen and even of scientists who proposed this giant machine. but today we have reached a situation where we have to pay back the debt without necessarily having access to
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electricity. but the main problem that we face when we have financial institutions like the world bank or the international monetary fund when we debated the construction of the dam these institutions knew that we weren't going to use all the electricity nevertheless we were made to build this stand because it suited the big multinationals today it is the congolese people the little people who pay. for me this status odious we should repudiate it and we should even ask for a compensation from all of these companies who brought us equipment that didn't work. ingo is an example of something that has not worked but it's also an example of an investment that can work you've mentioned in those three and for our interest in seeing that the existing investments in our actually used to generate electricity for the people we ultimately over time maybe in this in future ingo can
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provide electricity elsewhere but we're not there yet right now the priority is getting to work. he did today idea was to link to the katanga mines there by passing electricity through a high tension line which flies over most of the country. could be biased at any time by cutting the interrupt in the lower congo. we want an interest of the you know village after all it is ours. instead of the foreign countries are using it. and we who own the power find ourselves in darkness . what is happening is that angola south africa and butts wanna be the authorities with currencies well the people of lower congas feel less interest. in this village like in all other villages the main difficulty is the electricity
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supply. and as the dam also has its own problems it cannot supply electricity in the entire public republic and more particularly in the capital kinshasa which experiences major problems with regard to energy supply. and as you can see we find wooden post says they are their defeat and lines which literally cross the rooftops of houses. with this situation we risk having problems with electrocution even house fires. in a village near. we witnessed an incident which could have had dramatic consequences .
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everyone knows that electricity contributes to development but when there are no roads we need them so you can transform farming produce electricity would allow us to conserve and packaged goods but what is happening today i vaguely road use rots is it if we had electricity we could save our forests today we destroy them for firewood so we lose out twice a day dead has its consequences now the forest is being destroyed instead of being able to use electricity we are destroying our forests. the forests of the congo basin cover an area of over one hundred seventy two million excess. in a widespread context of corruption and poor governance despite a moratorium on the forest code imposed by the world bank in two thousand and two attempts to reform that would industry have not yet met with any success in the democratic republic of congo and are endangering the planet second.
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some seventy percent of the world's poor people live in the countryside and depend completely on the eco system. houses them and takes care of them and. when the world bank finances projects that destroy the. quality of life and even the livelihood and survival of local populations. without permission we decided to try our luck at the steelworks. threatening to
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call for the intervention of a minister we were allowed to visit this immense empty factory. cities in this factory was built to use and consume electricity from the nga. yet we knew very well that when they were building this factory the raw material they were going to use was scrap iron and rusty iron gathered in europe which is unacceptable given what we know the country's potential in terms of minerals is. in effect the situation is ridiculous underground particularly. the minerals are dug up to be exported eight thousand kilometers away and smelted. then used to make steel in the northern countries to make vehicles and machines and when these vehicles on machines end up on the scrap heap they are compacted and shipped in a boat in the congo. which causes the river to rise. down
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the food this scrap metal is then melted in to create refined steel. it's completely ridiculous to assume they'll. never work. it was money down the drain just a waste but not for the multinationals which one yet to meet in a small time national sold their technology it is the congolese people who are losing out today. and all the wealth is being controlled because of this debt. i don't know what is the reasoning over the heads of the world bank and i.m.f. . this is what they say we will make these developing countries used to the funding we provide them for the development and for the daily management of their business . if we make them reliance on this funding
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if you know we vary by obtain a means of influencing them and that is a. certain type of policy the pretty take. over when robert mcnamara took over the world bank he wanted to do something grandiose. he began by boring on the markets in order to be able to lend more he flew home and sell loans in the south where some countries and me to they were completely incapable of keeping them back. save so it's some point we can all make it mean go back and we say listen you know since you can't pay your debts give us a pound of flesh sell your oil real cheap to our oil companies or vote with us on the next united nations both it's critical to our to our policies or allow us to build a military base on your soil things like that and in the few times when we fail
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when we're unable to corrupt presidents to get them to accept these loans when we fail then the jackal's going on and they either overthrow governments or assassinate their leaders both rolled oats of ecuador and to rehearse of panama were assassinated because i was unable to corrupt them i couldn't get them to accept these conditions so must thank god he didn't. who condemned the world bank the i.m.f. the exam lenders in general is a clear example. there was a coalition of interests against him by the great powers governments pre-sold. companies and international institutions. and the key thought of who gave the order to assassinate. the design in the assassination plot that i don't know but what is clear is that those who assassinated him since he knew that they did it
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to defend certain interests of food and in these interests there would the interest of lenders that's for sure the most. isolated incident so international president of a session enabled crimea's do has the right to say is it a question of international law on military moms. dramas that can't be ignored to. stories others refuse to notice. the faces changing the world right now. so picture of today's news. from around the globe.
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local. t.v. . was a. very hard to take a. look. at that back with her but there was.
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a part. that's on top of all this is the context of the cold war all this when western countries strongly prodded these countries to become indebted to keep them in their place going to see that if it was very difficult for instance shoes would stop backing and mobutu to memory even if we try to me but given the geo political balance of the time it was you but we couldn't take the risk that a country so rich in mineral resources as year could move to the wrong side could tune a program of the kind that's a problem with that is not its absolute level as he did me do home see. of country to pay the back end with what means this isn't
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a. file structural adjustment programs aimed at supplying capital to pay this debt. in reality we are reducing their ability of these countries to achieve any economic success. as is the most what is structural adjustment. it is really the awareness of the fact that these countries were put in a complete deadlock. that is to say that these countries were in debt and had an incapacity to continue to function which led to them taking quite drastic and radical measures. with the structural adjustments the following diagnosis was made your economy is a college the deficit and these deficits have to be paid to pay these deficits with cuts in the public spending were necessary. expenses hits were social expenses unfortunately. in doing that we cut course spending including social spending and
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that obviously had a negative effect on health education and social housing. so this took place at a time when that sure was in power in the u.k. and reagan in the u.s. . it was really the law of the markets. and so the economists of the i.m.f. the world bank and in a lot of other countries even bilateral cooperation said allow real prices to rule and all problems will be solved. well i think that by doing that we did a lot of harm mainly because we didn't know ways to understand the economic policy of these countries to be.
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in focus on once the structural adjustments were imposed by creditors namely the world bank and i.m.f. it was like hell on earth here in brazzaville. fan at the hospital everything had become fee paying consultations you have to pay to see the doctor to get more serious more alcohol. i mean it was hell people often died from curable diseases. and people in poor health who have no access to health care makes development impossible. you know you can't concentrate on development in those conditions at times it makes you sick and revolts you because it is unacceptable and unbearable that's injustice in the world but the debt of congo fourteen billion dollars. what does that represent that as of two thousand and ten the total of the developing countries public debt is in the region of one point three five
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trillion dollars. and the us foreign and domestic debt is thirteen trillion which is ten times more. should these countries continue to pay millions of dollars the president of the republican the government have said that it takes fifty million dollars every month to service its debt how much gets spent on health and education every month the answer is zilch. teaches in primary schools badly paid and underpaid. the teacher comes to school with little biscuits that she gives out to children who should pay them back. so already from the first year of school children are taught how to get in debt we. give to children and after three days
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children have two. parents for money it's like an international institution if you missed the deadline the child is forced to pay double the price really significant sometimes this makes the child afraid to come to school. today with the system of parent the child who doesn't pay. before that times these economic policies have been conducted for reasons of budgetary adjustment we could no longer finance a certain number of public services and therefore we thought means of financing them through privatization. but the people who controlled the privatizations were people who came from the outside or people well connected in the end and that did not produce very favorable results for people who were low down on the social ladder was. one of the examples of the i.m.f. most brutal policies of privatization. prevent disaster forced
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privatization of all the national transport office and private entrepreneurs who took over the national office. work according to the principle of private entrepreneurs which is completely normal. you'll soon see so they never send a lorry on the ground which in periods of famine in niger. leads to death as a dozen the rife because of this privatization about this. the international monetary fund applied the first program of structural adjustment in congo in one thousand nine hundred eighty six so since then the i.m.f. has been there. and no progress is being made in congo i always say that it is like a sick person who goes to the doctor the chemists there are all there the laboratory assistants they do the tests they prescribe medicine and the sick person stay sick forever what should actually happen is that the doctor should resign and
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thats it. what is the role of the i.m.f. if it doesn't prevent crises what is the role of the world bank this bank which is supposed to be a development. if it be the i.m.f. kills the world bank by blindly of course not intentionally. but by its adherence to the washington consensus which is completely brutal. in poor countries people for africa's a colony it's a colony of the big corporations it's a colony of some of its own leaders who are under the thumbs of the big corporations so in a way the european empires marched out and supposedly gave africa its independence but immediately the corporations marched in and a few handpicked leaders handpicked by the european nations and the court and the corporations took over many of the countries especially the countries with good resources.
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for thirty years all african and latin american economies have been or unstated towards we don't reimbursing this debt and this is completely shattered the economies in other words the ones that we have specialized in farming which represents eighty percent of the economy in countries like mali products such as cotton cocoa for export to west african countries. behind that is the neglect of food production and the exposure of these countries to famines and malnutrition and it's no coincidence that today if eighty percent of the world's population who are dying of hunger in fact don't exactly. agriculture with its current production rates could easily feed twelve billion human beings which is almost double the world's population in other words. cannibal world is that
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dictatorship of globalized financial capital has imposed on this planet is both murderous but at the same time. the figures speak for themselves i could take. victims of polluted water etc you. see they are asking us today to produce more products for export to make more money especially to pay back the debt so they force us to produce palm oil they ask us to produce coffee at the time of structural adjustment it was coffee palm oil cotton while people had to. ask the d r c as you have diamonds you have gold gold. would you can sell and buy products which may come from china or europe the chicken that
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comes from europe the chicken that comes from france do will key which come from the belgian avatars or from argentina the new one and we don't need them because we can raise our own i assure you that in this country when you have planted maize for months afterwards you already have the product yeah as for rice there are regions where we produce rice even here here where we are we produce rice but as for meat we have the plateaus and. today places like the plateau of are used for mining exploitation and today we import meat chicken awful we import more than one hundred forty thousand tons of meat an awful and chickens so all that is really a policy of submission a policy of dependence but we can grow everything here everything.
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in terms of the market fish frozen chicken. tomatoes even onions everything is imported rice too because there is no local production they used to be in these countries we used to have big rice paddy fields we grew it in these countries but everything that we produce here now has to be exported especially wood and petrol for the most part this is why you don't farm land to feed people. they have imposed a policy of zero cultivation in particular that is to say that here priority is given to increase today where even trying to substitute menu for bread in order to make sure it's more profitable because money is made locally so fortunately people hold onto their money orc their only productions that still exists are small family productions all the farms that were built during the eighty's to produce for the country and to make the country self-sufficient were destroyed. as the world bank has insisted that everyone plant food for expert so vast that's all right if
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it is one two or three countries but when the red dozen or more countries which make the same thing remember and in the same quality of. coffee cotton metals that cetera that's an acceptable truth is there is too much supply on the market that brings prices down. because this is led to a reduction in their incomes since their income comes from exports because they are told to do so and agree to do it. it will bill is a perfect example of this for export eighty here where we are held out the prospect of demand that the market exist that it only had to be produced and must exist. and what do they find better to tell us today well we're incapable of feeding ourselves . because it answer is to turn towards biofuels well biofuels feel lower stomachs or will we have to field reserve wires to pollute more i don't know
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if you mean right now where selling agricultural land. to.
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nato. your point to me how has the world changed with the advent of this most recent ukraine crisis are we experiencing a new geopolitical paradigm shift western politicians and media warning russia of isolation how realistic is this and who is on the right side of history. live. plus.
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live. live live. live .
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triples celebrate moscow and crimea marking their reunion with a bang after the peninsula votes to leave ukraine and join russia spectacular fireworks displays commemorate the occasion it into crimean cities and the russian top. following russia's reunion with crimea the e.u. and washington rushed to slap moscow with sanctions compiling blacklists of officials and now facing visa bans and asset freezes one bank also ending up on the u.s. list. is a little slow i personally don't have any count in it but i will definitely open one on monday russian president putin apparently surprised by sanctions applied to the russian bank as it's been revealed a number of officials on the u.s. list are not connected with the crisis in the ukraine.
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these were scenes in spain's capital saturday thousands of protesters from all over the country converging in madrid where their month long staring march the violent turn. to am in moscow good to have you with us our top story this hour moscow and crimea marked their reunion this week after the vast majority of people on the peninsula voted to rejoin russia after the votes were counted it was celebration in both the russian capital and in crimea his main city of simferopol fireworks drew large crowds with many crimean the saying they were ecstatic about the peninsula's new status. watching that one them well that we have now finally in russia at last
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a long time dream has come to nothing but. its own it's a lesson of greats and beauty unification with masha allen he started modern man. i think all crimea and i have to he went back in russia only want to now for the russian speaking population in ukraine south. and. in the east and south ukraine people continue to take their discontent with the new kiev authorities to the streets mass rallies have gone on almost daily there over the weekend thousands protesting in kharkov odessa and other cities rallies often mark was strong pro russian the sentiment the people also voiced concerns about far right movements are gaining power in kiev some are calling for a federal is ation of the country as well as for independence referendums many demanding that the ousted president be restored to power the city of donetsk also one of the main flashpoints of the rallies this week in the streets again filled with pro russian protesters ryan o'neal reports. thousands of people have taken to
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the streets again this weekend in donetsk and demonstrations across the city this weekend in support of a president victory on a covert she was ousted by the current post government in kiev at the city's square is littered with banners and posters in support of unocal which as well as slogans being chanted for victims to come home the main focal point of the demonstrations over the past few weeks has been with regards to a referendum for the region and this is continued this weekend with a large portions of the demonstrations marching on the regional administrative buildings to demand a referendum for the region of dumbass of which donetsk is a part of so it seems that with crimean referendum last weekend seeing them join the russian federation is one of the people here seem to be inspired by that and the demonstrations which have really got a momentum here and what they believe referendums may may become a reality but the people here insist that this is not just because the russian or speak russian has also economic reasons behind this where they feel that moving closer to russia they already have many business links with makes more sense and lanky have taken closer to the e.u.
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who has countries as seen some severe economic hardship in recent years i do believe that to accomplish this russia will be a much better for us it was ukraine russia and bella reuss we own brothers we want to be together and not divided and told how we should live and what we should do by the e.u. and america and i'm so the people here are saying that not only did they not recognize our choose the government in kiev but the video on a coat which is still villages in the present of the country maybe he can be the man to come back to donbass which is his local region and set down by aspect to russia. just to update you on some of the latest developments in crimea residents of the peninsula reporting power outages in some places including in the administrative center of his simferopol the company supplying crimea with electricity says they're suffering technical difficulties crimea as a first deputy prime minister claims the ukrainian government has cut crimea electricity supply in half which he sees as a blackmail attempt before crimea as reunion with russia was complete president putin gave his own assessment of the situation in ukraine he pointed out moscow's
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intentions to start dialogue with its neighbor are impeded by the interim government being partly controlled by far right radicals the president also slammed the u.s. and europe saying they supported the kiev unrest that eventually led to an illegitimate power takeover but also who carried out the coup in ukraine you nazis nationalists in the semis and they still define the country's political agenda it's clear that there is no legitimate executive power in ukraine right now there is no one to negotiate with after crimea voted to join russia the us delivered on its threat slapping moscow with sanctions twenty officials and one bank ended up on washington's blacklist aimed at punishing those who threaten ukraine's integrity but it appears that some of those targeted had nothing to do with ukraine itself but instead belong to the president's judo club. or russian businessman who back in one thousand nine hundred eighty founded the club where putin trained brothers are qadi and boris rottenberg also businessman and members of that same club yuri
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couple chuck one of the judo clubs founders as well as the co owner of the sanctioned razzia bank as for that bank the president stated he was surprised to see the list but swiftly pledged to open an account there. regarding bills being used as far as i understand this is a little slow i'm sure i personally don't have an account in it but i will definitely opened one on monday. later in the week brussels followed washington's example and put together a blacklist of russian officials extending the list even more the e.u. also pledged far reaching economic consequences in case moscow take steps to destabilize the situation in ukraine still italy though warned against taking sanctions too far saying it could hurt europe if you are partly shared by germany which has strong business ties with russia political commentator and event dance he says the should also take its own economic situation into account before going any further. traditionally russia is accused because that's the vision that many
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politicians inherited from the times of the cold war about the invest situation europe is profoundly an economic crises and for europe in launching towards ukraine was a victory they hope to bring to the electorate before the european elections but of course it failed because it wasn't realistic and it was largely voluntary based on sound dreams and political ambition so when the reality came and you want to call it took a step which was the only possible have we seen the same steps to a new leaders because economically you can't integrate the country of forty five million people without two million dead overnight so it is a traditional approach because europe still is needed it's needed all of this in michelle and me off russian bear because it's much easier to talk about the situation of conflict and crisis created by russia is meant to resolve the problem of twenty five million off european unemployed. russia's move to integrate crimea
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has caused things to get heated at the un security council the u.s. envoy lashing out at the russian ambassador calling moscow a thief and accusation though that sparked a tough response from the other side. russia is known for its literary greatness and what you just heard from the russian ambassador showed more imagination than tolstoy or chekhov a thief can steal property but that does not confer the right of ownership on the thief. giving our discussions today some of my colleagues used excessive language particularly the us ambassador ms power who started by mentioning tolstoy in check of but ended at the level of the targets such insults concerning russians are absolutely unacceptable that should be clear to them is that the u.s. delegation expects to cooperate with russia in the security council on other issues in the future whether it's. all true national those groups seem not only to be
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gaining momentum in ukraine but also getting hold of political power later in the program a closer look at those who have seized the reins of government in ukraine and the manner in which some of them get things done. but for the month long nationwide anti-rust already march to madrid culminated in violent clashes in the streets of the spanish capital saturday some of those demonstrating against huge unemployment rates and budget cuts attacked police with rocks and fireworks more than one hundred people were injured on both sides twenty nine arrested. it was a peaceful protest rally throughout basically the entire time until the end when it was coming to an end and then suddenly a group of young a radical basters with their face covered started throwing stones at the police the police had a perimeter there they started brushing the protesters away from it and then we've seen firecrackers being fired at the police and reportedly rubber bullets being fired back as a result there are injuries on both sides we've been actually following these
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protesters for a few days now and everyone that i spoke to in specially the older protesters they told me that there may be some problems with the police money comes to the younger protesters the younger activists they did expect some sort of problems could happen and apparently that's what's happened here they are sean we critical against the government's policies specially economic policy is that the spanish economy is going through severe problems unemployment stands at around twenty six percent which means that the only other e.u. state with more serious problems in that sense is greece after greece comes spain but when it comes to the youth fifty percent around fifty percent of all the youth in spain don't have a job also around two million spaniards are really dependent on state pensions and food. banks and so on which is also applying pressure on the economy at same
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time of the troika go to the international creditors and brussels they are calling for more job cuts for more reductions of salaries and at the same time they're not promising any improvement to the economy in the next four years which obviously is only aggravating the situation and is even making these thousands of people more angry. we've been following this month long so-called march for dignity before it made its way to madrid some of those who took part came from remote parts of the country covering hundreds of. on foot to reach the capitol you were found out what it was like to walk a mile in the protesters. a little sir why are you here. why am i here i'm sick of this government with all the promises they never fulfilled they said they were going to create more jobs and lower the taxes a little to live instead unemployment rolls from four to six million this is the only way we can find backing. off to twelve days of walking it's cold at night and
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during the day we're in high spirits and we have to put an end to these savage policies. that cause you to take part in this march thing there are two many reasons my sons have to work every day from eight in the morning to five in the evening only for four hundred of us the month also i'm a teacher and i know what cuts in the public sector i mean all these addictions this isn't saying i'm marching to madrid because i can't walk to believe we must stop them and the troika that march for dignity has been a show of unity for those unhappy about the economic situation in spain fly's the protesters carried represent various autonomous communities within the country writer and activist clare of all their day told my colleague bill does that people have to continue protesting to pressure the government into changing its policies. for one day we stop our protest in our patients that we take everything away from us have already taken a lot of the take everything else and it's our responsibility to our grandchildren
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to to at least try to stop at least to try to keep some of what our grandparents records but i think it's our responsibility in course that those who are because you see we haven't taken everything else away like they maybe we like doing. the country's got to get out of that hasn't it and surely that's something your future grandchildren will go to think about as well what is the alternative apart from these methods the debt which is we've got to pay the debt i mean that's a myth. look at argentina in stopping it there and it got out of the situation if it were a silly thing part of the debt the part of they think makes sense because most of the debt is not our debt is because he belongs to the banks so i think that vicious stop taking our tax money to pay their debts. still to come this hour the right to self-determination. one of italy's that richest provinces votes overwhelmingly to break away from rome
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all the details after a short break. isolated incident so international president. session enables crimea is do has the right to secede is it a question of international will all military. do we speak your language of the will or not it. will music programs and documentaries in spanish what matters to you. a little tune into bangles stories. for you here. in
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the spanish. visit. sixteen minutes past the hour back to ukraine now in the struggle for power one of the country's opposition leaders are saying yatsenyuk who's now the interim prime minister has been promising radical changes many of the pledges though may remain only on paper with new authority changing their minds after taking the reins of government or he's maria kosar it has the details. ah the self-proclaimed governments in kiev gains a power banking on people's frustration over the collapse deal.
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yet if the e.u. agreement is not signs then according to article one one one of the criminal code in the prison will get ten to fifteen years behind it. however later our seeing gets newcastle backtrack on this my pleasure to pick up a piece we postponed signing the economic section of this document due to concerns over the possible negative effects that entering the free trade area might have if industrial regions. easier said than done apparently once you have to actually analyze all the pros and cons looks like everyone said oh it's in what's being called the new governments in ukraine with contradictions reign in surprise. we heard promises from kiev to join nato and get as many weapons from member countries ask possible
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a draft law on the resumption of the process of integration of ukraine internet so has been filed and record it provide the maximum possible material and technical assistance in the form of modern military hardware and armaments once again something you have to take back your security in order to keep ukraine undivided we've decided to keep a session to nato which of the agenda. what about all those promises to ban the russian language. yes i don't want the ukrainian youth to speak russian i want them to speak english i will make this my top priority if you will but i want them to travel to hear anything this is a lie assignment probably just. nuke door no one is trying to take away your right to speak russian according to this law in all regions dominated by russian speakers russian should be
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a regional and de facto official language and it should have the same rights as the ukrainian language so that was a quick one eighty and in stark contrast with his previous convictions that these are regime for actions was announced for a few hours at one points. ukraine's national security and defense council to good decision to introduce a visa regime with russia only to be dismissed by gets in the very next day. ukraine should not hurry with introducing a visa regime with russia and this move must be mitchell after almost a month and office see absolute has failed to show what he's capable of other than threats which he did not follow through on and questions remain as and so what are his long term policies will be as fall it's all and as easy to take back as the ones that we've seen so far marina calls for arts. a type ukrainian navy admiral claims the russian military has built up an offensive strike group in crimea
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allegations that were dismissed by about moscow with russia's deputy defense minister saying western observers also know it's false. seen in speed c. seventeen s have visited the russian ukrainian border with these teams consist of observers from the u.s. canada switzerland and the baltic countries it is the chance to speak with military personnel there and take photos you go after as we spoke with the inspectors who said they were satisfied with it and did not find any alarming military activity and russia's border with ukraine be mowgli as deal with foot as presidential elections in ukraine draw closer the number of candidates is rising recently dimitri joined a list of candidates he's been put by the cuban put by russia on the international monitors list or calls to carry out terrorism and is all also the leader of an ultra nationalist right sector movement turned political party there to take a closer look at the new leadership in ukraine and some of those that have risen to power. bit by bit literally you know the man in a beige coat is
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a deputy of ukraine's new parliament here he's representing the country's information and media committee of the euro zone the resignation i tell you he talks to the head of ukraine's national t.v. channel first well now the former happens. when you sit and sign your resignation shut up and take your hands off me like a soldier you have to show resistance other rather deputies tapped into it we're telling you that this is the paper you will sign your resignation today with all that just because he's channel broadcast the russian president's address on crimea signing it's you russians are going to buy me a grainy and you are not real grainy and. bigger midhurst in turn is a member of ukraine's ultra nationalists a border party condemned by the european parliament back in two thousand and twelve for its racism anti-semitism and xenophobia it grew up from the social national
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party which has a swastika like logo to the members of these and other far right parties form a major part of ukraine's new political face their methods of becoming the country's new political language the genius whoever they are this is how many of the country's politicians do business today you want to take my gun you come here and take it or join them freedom bring justice. cartloads. life here right now the british legal system is set to undergo major changes in u.k. a loss the saudi public has guidelines for drawing up documents according to assure your principles which could see nonbelievers and women being excluded from islamic will. fight of the public reaction to the. last one hundred thousand. atter in the streets of santiago chile calling for political reforms in the country police
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disperse activists with tear gas and water cannons on our web site photos from the . crimean referendum on self-determination and not the only one to have happened in europe recently this week venetians voted to break away from italy eighty nine percent that's about two million people voting in favor of their lagune province going it alone the referendum by no means binding and not recognized by rome but the numbers alone do make an impressive political statement giovanni doll of alice is head of the benito independence movement and says the current separatists trend may only grow further. the next step east to prepare a document that we will present today you know but also to be to minister and then we will make to pressure a full directive nation to live the independence of the treaty. that war is standing because the twenty first century world is teaching that probably more the
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little nations who don't call them over the last twenty years if you think about new nations then the east i think people are struggling and then they don't like basically based on do global. holidays only american super people i don't feel they're uncomfortable with this and there is a move economy in the social bubble she may thinks to be for the whole season making back to local communities so we don't we don't do good template supplier of these we're talking tens of self-determination this is this is a kind of knew it all which is why go we met through mutual. and all the great men it's these becoming by the frequent cleaned all of the world. now to some other stories making international headlines this hour turkey's prime minister confirming
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that the country's warplanes have shot down a syrian aircraft that violated its airspace syria call it a blatant act of aggression and denied accusations of violating turkish territory the aircraft came down in syrian territory on korea's military officials frequently blame damascus for breaching borders tensions between the two sides have escalated since the civil unrest started in syria in twenty eleven. massive landslide north of seattle in the u.s. state of washington field at least three and eighteen others remain unaccounted for authorities say they suspect people are trapped under the rubble but it's too dangerous to send a rescue mission helicopters apparently scouting the area mudslide also destroyed thirty homes and forced many evacuations. four people were killed in an attack in the south of kenya two armed men walked into a church and started shooting the gunman managed to escape before police arrived and no group has claimed responsibility for the attack but officials say the islamist group al-shabaab may be may be behind the assault worlds apart with oksana
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boyko coming up next on our team or national stay with us. a group called the representation project is spreading the word with a viral you tube video that the most destructive thing you can say to young boys america's be a man everything is even the unpleasant a cardinal sin in modern america you want to know why we say be a man imagine a medieval village what if all the men just didn't want to work the land because it hurts their hands or would be willing to fight an invading army because they might get hurt themselves or of some girl gets pregnant. let's her problem the idea of being a man is part of her evolution without tough men that tribe or city state or whatever
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would die out many people would say that this is all in the past but as western civilization goes down the tank we see more and more forty year old boys with no wife no kids no ambition no guts no grit no discipline just trying to pretend to be a man playing online video games be a man is probably one of the best things that anyone ever said to me thanks dad i'm sorry representation project but you are dead wrong but that's just my opinion. i know c.n.n. m s n b c news have taken some nuts lately but the fact is i admire their commitment to cover all sides of the story just in case one of them happens to be accurate. that was funny but it's close in for the truth and might think. it's because when full attention and the mainstream media works side by side with you actually i'm here.
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at our teen years we have a different brain. because the news of the world just is not this funny i'm not laughing dammit i'm not how. you guys talk to the jokes i will handle them. hello and welcome to worlds apart the crimean referendum has helped to reopen the cold case of territorial integrity versus lp terminations with the cost of a president now being relied on by russia and dismissed by the west is it once
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again a case of might making right to discuss that i'm now joined by alexander popovich a professor at mark warner university in astray and the author of the book creating new states professor path of peace thank you very much for appearing on the show you're most welcome now the recent referendum in crimea has revived this whole debate about legitimacy or illegitimacy of secession is movements and we hear various sides accusing each other of violating international law but as far as i understand the law itself is far from being settled on this issue isn't it well not being a lawyer i should say that i don't think there is international law and since sessions so any appeal to international law all these appeal to the judgments or were two principles none of which really deal with it's a sense that it's all about political statements after all and scoring political points and making political rhetoric essentially that's what i think and it's not
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only my opinion quite a number of international lawyers also believe that secession is not regulated by international law and that consequently any statement that we make about the station is a political statement primarily now given that they've seen quite a few secessionist movement since the late one nine hundred eighty s. why do you think the law is so on big is so vague on this issue isn't it because this ambiguity leaves. plenty of loopholes for political manipulation by you know all sides involved you can put it that way but i think that the answer's relatively simple states want to preserve their territory that is one of them main functions and consequently any attempt to regulate how you take away a territory from a particular state is going to be controversial because very few states are ready
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voluntarily to give up territory professor puffer she just sad that the states are not really eager to you allow part of that territory as go independent but a number of countries have been quite. active in supporting our independence movements in other states i wonder how often does international politics drive secessionist movements is it possible in this day and age to find a truly independent independence movement that would be free of geopolitics will it one lesson that every suspicion is movement has learned by now is that if you do not have agreement of your whole state of your state from each receding if you don't have agreement to gain independence from that then you need an outside sponsor there are there are no suspicions no successful secessions which. doll to knowledge side sponsor now given that whenever you have
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a secessionist movement which is serious about gaining independence seceding they will seek an international sponsor and often they will gain it sometimes they don't gain international sponsors and in most cases they don't succeed in gaining independence so there is a dynamic which is relatively unexplored but we are at least aware that you cannot successfully secede vidar than international response now these days. nomic as you said it may be unexplored but i think it's used quite often in more than geopolitics now in the absence of clear legal guidelines arguments for or against the sessions are often couched in moral terms and morality is a bit like beauty it's in the eye of the beholder i guess you can make a moral case both for and against any session movement right this is true
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not only one couldn't really say strictly speaking that morality isn't diaby hold a lot of people who disagree with that but when you look at the scholarly on secession and on mortality of secession you will find indeed very different theories and sometimes contradictory theories of how morally to regulate secession so given the variety of these theories that we have you can normally have a moral argument for or against ization which will be uncontested and one of the reasons very simple reason for all that is that secessions are not morally means in other words these are political phenomenon and therefore they have of their own political dynamic then old regulated strictly speaking by mortality we tend to do so but we won't ever think able we won't be able to do regulated by moral principles now i don't want to appear cynical but i think in geopolitics human
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deaths have long been used as a moral argument and unfortunately the more deaths there are the stronger seems to be the argument you mentioned in one of your public lectures that up to eighty percent of secession is movements involve some form of violence and i wonder if this passage you towards weiland is a direct result of the ambiguity of the law when the ambiguity is in fact something that incentivises this while and which could later be used to legitimize. succession is movement this is an excellent point in quite a number of scholars point out that secessionist movements often if they are faced with opposition with. rejection by the whole state are in fact motivated to use violence in order to provoke are the moral outrage in outside states or to where the dom the enemy in other words violence is
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a useful instrument when you cannot achieve your aims by other means now i don't think that that could be awarded by legal regulation. feeling that the one way of resolving this issue is to make territory less valuable so that the whole states would be more inclined to give up territory when there is a very strong secession is woman there i think that would be a more elegant solution to these problems and we have such solutions for example in scotland we might have a solution through referendum been without any while and so there are peaceful solutions to suspicions conflicts and i think we should really force the dollars instead of trying to find some sort of legal regulation now speaking about bloodshed and excessive bloodshed i think that. this argument was used as
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part of the justification for cost of us independence and i think it was also used later by western politicians to explain why casa was such a unique case and why it shouldn't be used as an international precedent but given the statistics that you cite in your lecture that is eighty percent of secession is moments being accompanied by some form of violence it seems that the cause of his case is not that special after all that's that's correct and the the argument that costs are. war has produced extraordinary. amounts of civilian deaths and that itself justifies independence of course or is borth empirically very difficult to uphold because the question there arises. how many dates sufficient for him to bend it in other words do what do you compare it with and then you compare it to. kinds of successful secession such as secession or
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bungle edition one thousand nine hundred fifty one which had many more the wall than costs or all and was indeed the priesthood and if you want for for successful secession we can see that there are many pre-sentence of course saw both in terms of violence and in terms of successful secession so that coarser is in no way unique however this is not the point it's really not a statement about uniqueness of course or all is really not a point about the history of secession it's rather a point that the governments which are arguing that this is unique as well there are basically saying we are not going to support secessionist movements of this kind so please don't take us as encouraging secessionist movements and that you know this might be a way of saying that but it's not a very effective way of saying that the secessionist movements are not going to
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listen to this kind of rhetoric well i think it's also a very political statement saying that what you do is ride by the fact the same type of rules were to be applied to your opponent while they would be a legitimate i think we already we just discussed how politics is involved in succession its moments but i think it also plays a very significant drawl and whether this state and you state is recognized after the fact of secession from your own research i wonder how arbitrary. or south serving that recognition process really is will there is a general theory of international relations which is often called realism or me or is it which says that states are selfish and behaving in self-interest that the way an older this is a contested theory than many others it's difficult to. deny that states have their own interests and they these interests change of course but they
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will act on those perceived interests that then the moment of time so that some point they would support a succession is moment to some point it wouldn't depending on the circumstances so it's a very difficult. situation in which you if you want to say all these states will always support secessionism and another will not and i've been looking at this problem and my very very general and very fuzzy impression is that if you are looking at states which do not support secession only people's republic of china is consistent in not supporting secessionist movements and anywhere else the other states which profess not to support in fact from time to time do so in terms of consistency when it comes to support of secession is moments you can find very much consistency especially over longer periods of time now the un friendly
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relations declaration from the nineteen seventies enshrines the principle of noninterference in the states internal and external affairs and since there is nothing that explicitly bans declaration of independence i wonder if it could be argued that this whole process of recognition or denying recognition represents a form of interference because you know that an interference after all could be could have very far reaching consequences and one example i could provide is the example of yugoslavia. when the immediate recognition of bosnia and croatia secessions by the west. very bloody and very for track to the war will the question of course arises towards extent recognition itself is a cause of these these kinds of blood the blood even seeds but surely there is an encouragement by south by some powers involved i mean if you know you mentioned sponsorship international sponsorship later on this is also
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a form of international political sponsorship that's correct now when it comes to the case of doesn't have to go and some some former yugoslav republic. of the minimal argument that i think one can see is that a record mission of these states all promise of recognition of the states have discovered them from trying to resolve their internal and external conflicts peacefully because they did governments the new government's position is governments knew that they're going to get recognition so there are norms that tore motivated to negotiate the deadline or it is on the go she added other secession is groups of again these states and the this is quite obvious in case of bosnia and herzegovina where the us has supported one faction v d in these states because that faction they believe that the time grip presents the recognition may have to david one side but it has actually made the other side quite angry and as
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we know the war has continued after all but we have to take a very short break now when we come back the crimean referendum has resurrected a decade all rationale for justifying cos it wasn't abandons if it was solar that out of baghdad why is it illegitimate now that's coming out in a few moments here on the wall the part. quite often countries rich in natural resources are the poorest africa's a colony it's a colony of the big corporations it's a colony of someone's home leaders who are under the thumbs of the big corporations so they have to beg from the world bank development of social programs goes to pay back debts country is drowning under the amount of debt that they should and so
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every year they would borrow money. and they would use that same amount of money to pay back oh that's. all that money really. the wages of debts. right on the scene. first rate. and i think the church. on our reporters twitter. and instagram. could be in the know.
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i marinate join me. for that impartial and financial commentary for news and much much. only on bombast and. welcome to the john siberian. what are the places you never go to. you never do. experience you'll never again.
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welcome back to worlds apart or real discussing the practice of secession as moments of alexander popovich a professor at my quarry university in australia i'm a author of the book creating new states professor puffer fish before we go into comparing cost of and crimea let me ask you this western countries have long claimed that cost of war was a unique case but legally speaking can you really make a solid legal case about uniqueness isn't the whole purpose of the law to develop a set of rules that will be applied without exception well those governments or lawyers who are arguing about uniqueness of course oh and by the way there are not very many lawyers who would do that. unless they have to represent governments the those who are doing that are really not trying to say anything about law on the
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contrary i think if you log of that cos or as unique you are basically saying that there is no law of secession and no law of independence and this is an extraordinary case which is outside of legal regulation and i think that's the point they want to make it's not did it's illegal but the rather that it's so extraordinary that it's beyond the illegal regulation but in terms of legal precedent you can not find a legal precedent a legal judgment. a legal principle which would justify only costs or and nor secession i mean that simply not possible and as i mentioned there are precisions to course when one of the clearest pieces than sees is secession of mungo those from pakistan in one hundred seventy one was not opposed by. the united states at the time which was the united states was engaged in vietnam war at the time but that was a suspicion which was enabled by. the invasion of the indian army.
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and defeat of the pakistani on embodying the anon he said it was in a sense similar to the whole process in case of in case of course or and also the find. the recognition came very quickly from the l.-i first from india and then from the allies of india and then u.k. also came in and australia so this was a clear cut case of office a session which was preceded by a military invasion intervention by another state and the have the very similar case in case of course going back to the inconsistency of the cost of our uniqueness argument i think it's underscored by the fact of how promptly the tables have turned since two thousand and eight i mean back then it was western powers who used humanitarian reasons they arrived terminations and the suffering of refugees
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as reasons for supporting the independence of course sarabande russia as you know stood on territorial integrity and sovereignty but. this time around in the case of crimea really we see a complete reversal of these positions i wonder from your point of view how different these two cases are will the major difference to us who study says ition is the absence of violets and this is an extraordinary. case in crimea is that we do have a sort of let's say he didn't military intervention often i would side with doesn't consider us it still to be on our side because it had it had its own military on the territory so we have the but we have no resistance no wall and snort him to use violence or very little while and just after the problem nation of independence so
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we if you look at the history of secessions this would be highly unusual and it shows that the both sides the ukraine and the russia have in fact a tacit agreement that won't solve anything their resistance to this would not have prevented secession would not have really done anything but just lead to deaths of people so in a sense we have this i think quite the rational calculation i want to profess if after if russia could really advance this case of crimea being a special case and not only because there is very little violence on the ground but also you know there are historical ties that go back for centuries there were some legal irregularities in a way nikita khrushchev handed crimea over to your crane and you know back then he strongly he had no reasons to believe that it would ever be. beyond moscow's control i wonder if that could be used as a as
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a legal rationale to justify russia's actions in crimea you could you should there's a political justification and has been used there is no legal standing for this kind of argument because if used if you tried doing that then makes a call could claim takes us any time texas was taken away illegally from mexico so and there are some people in i think they may be in caribbean get it or not that's the saddest moment here. i hope. no it some people accuse me of doing that but i really not suggesting anything i'm simply saying look if you start using these arguments then you'll find all over the world including the united states a number of irregularities of this kind so i don't think there's a legal i think this is exactly what the experts were saying back in two thousand and eight when the western rationale for corso was advanced and that you know that was essential we open a pandora's box not only in here a but all around the world and i think this is what we see happening right well
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that's that's certainly true but won't i think when a closer was happening what possibly the policy makers were thinking that since bungler there schwartz forgotten very quickly in a few years the whole issue of legality non-league ali the whole thing simply disappeared except in scholarly literature they were hoping that the whole thing of it because some of it would disappear as an issue however he didn't disappear and i don't think it's bill disappear. because there are parts of europe which would want to secede in particularly got the lonely and scotland so these. cases we have a growth of secessionist movements and therefore when you have a one successful one and success one unfortunately through the use of force as in as in the course of all you will that real serve as an example or encouragement to others especially when whatever you say in addition and of course crimea might as
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well serve as an encouragement to others because they will see ok if they did it to be can do it is well it's a perfectly normal political thinking i think it is nothing extraordinary about that now are speaking about crimea russia made it clear that it considers the crimean case to be close to president putin just signed an executive order solidifying crimea joining russia but what is not a done deal is international. recognition of crimea's new status and western countries have already made it clear that they are not going to recognize it any time soon i wonder though. if international recognition in this case matters at all because as part of russia supposedly a crimea wouldn't have to suffer some of the discrimination that ogg are recognized quazi states suffered in the past i guess you know just the fact of it joining russia will show that from many of those and negative consequences that's probably
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true in that might have been an additional reason for secession is politicians in crimea who argue for such a quick incorporation into russia because that provided them protection which they would otherwise as a small state not have and it provided of course recall mission in so far as they are part of a functioning state so the idea that you find yourself a powerful sponsor and become part of that as a state is not a very frequent phenomena in the session is the partly because there are not many sponsors who want to take their parts of territory in the incorporate in into there because there's too too heavy cost and of course i think it will be costly in terms of the costs of incorporation but given that the russian federation can
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afford that kind of cost i don't think it's it's a major issue in this case but it occurs to me is a particularly interesting case because it provided a very quick as it's secessionist outcome and then incorporation in a in a large and powerful state and some secessionist movements might think that this is really the way to go all except of course as i said there will be very very few sponsors well one such example would be for example the case of northern. live for us it's been thirty l. forty rather years since the turkish invasion and northern cyprus is not formally part of turkey but the factor it is and as far as i know turkish cypriots have been developing pretty rapidly if notwithstanding the fact that no other country apart from turkey recognised them formally the northern cyprus is also interesting because there are significant segments of the cypriot population who would want to
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unite back the cyprus for the benefits of the membership and turkey is not probably for some time to become a member of the cyprus is already a member so there is an attraction and this is a new element in suspension is movement and that is the attraction of the because the brings the infrastructure funds it brings investment so if you if you can get into a country of each is a member of the there are definite benefits and you can see that in case of the too loose a session is movements the support each one in cut the loony in one they are very strong on the retaining the membership in the u. because that's considered to be a great prize for any state in europe professor profits what i find very curious is that you know countries that or states that are outside of the european union really want to get in bed there are a number of countries like britain for example reach arrow would rather prefer to
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get out that i'm free themselves from the e.u. since we have only a few minutes left international more has traditionally approached the session is conflicts conflicts through the a fact if control doctrine says centrally doesn't mean whether the session is movement was legitimate from the very beginning what means is who is calling the shots at the end and i wonder if this is in this sense any secession. movement is essentially a case of might making it right well you can you can say so. but no secessionist movement is successful of a dollar a widespread mobilization all population in other words you have to get people to vote for you all to support you and that is an exercise of political skill and political might but it's really not an exercise of course if pala so
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a suspicion is moment like. if you want international elections are not governed by the fact also cause see if pala eight is a question of the ability to politically mobilize the population and that of course the skill to of the population has grievances so you are as a suspicion is movement you're basically exploiting people's grievances to convince them that they need to separate states to bail on so it's not quite. the sheer mights deciding however if you have a very powerful state which is opposing you'll be in the question of who has more military skills all who who sponsor have you got becomes a crucial and this as a leader that's about race we are back to what we started from that when it comes to secession what matters is not so much the law but rather politics i guess we
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have to leave it there because we're running out of time but i really appreciate your being on the show thank you and to our viewers keep the conversation going on our twitter you tube and facebook pages and i hope to see you again same place same time here while the pike. paying for the products with this label. guarantees better deals for the third world produces. this small french usurious part of the business and by the workers on. the set and advocates better working conditions and
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triple celebration moscow and crimea marked their reunion with a bang after the peninsula votes to leave ukraine and rejoin russia fireworks displays light up the skies commemorating the occasion into crimean cities and moscow. after russia's reunion with crimea the e.u. and washington moscow with sanctions compiling block lists of officials now facing visa bans and asset freezes one bag also wending up on the us list is a little slow but i personally don't have an account in it but i will definitely open one on monday president vladimir putin apparently surprised by sanctions applied to that russian bank as it has been revealed that a number of officials on the u.s. list are not connected to the ukraine crisis.
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seems that in the spanish capital on saturday thousands of protesters from around the country converging on madrid where their month long anti austerity march took a violent turn. in moscow giving you a look at today's stories and the week's news moscow and crimea marking their reunion this week after the majority of people on the peninsula vote to rejoin russia after the votes were counted the celebration began in the russian capital and in crimea is main city of some a federal fireworks drawing large crowds many crimean saying they're ecstatic about the peninsula's new status. watching doubling them well that we have to be it will
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finally be russia at last how long to dream has come to nothing but. its own it's a lesson of plates and do you think they should leave nationality starts not humanity. yes. i think i have to i went back to russia only want me now for the russian speaking population in ukraine south. and south and east ukraine people continue taking their discontent with the new kiev authorities to the streets massive rallies going on almost daily in parts of the country over the weekend thousands protesting in. other cities rallies often and march with strong pro russian sentiment people also voicing concerns about far right movements gaining power in kiev some are calling for the federals ation of the country an independence referendum as many demanding that ousted president that the ousted president be restored to power the city of donetsk one of the
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flashpoints of the rise of this weekend its streets filled with pro russian protesters ryan o'neal reports. thousands of people have taken to the streets again this weekend in donetsk and demonstrations across the city this weekend in support of a president victory on a covert she was ousted by the couldn't post government in kiev at the city square is littered with banners and posters in support of unocal of each as well as slogans being chanted for it to come home the main focal point of the demonstrations over the past few weeks has been with regards to a referendum for the region and this is continued this weekend with a large portions of the demonstrations matching on the regional administrative buildings to demand a referendum for the region of dumbass of which don't yes is a part of so it seems that with crimea as referendum last weekend seeing them join the russian federation is one of the people who seem to be inspired by that and the demonstrations which has really got a momentum here and what they believe referendums may may become a reality but the people here insist that this is not just because the russian all speak russian there's also economic reasons behind this where they feel that moving
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closer to russia they already have many business links with makes more sense and lanky have taken closer to the e.u. who has countries as seen some severe economic hardship in recent years i do believe that to accomplish this russia will be a much but the faucet was ukraine russia and bella reuss we only brothers we want to be together and not divided and told how we should live and what we should do by the e.u. and america and i'm so the people here are saying that not only did they not recognize choose the government in kiev but the video on a call which is still diligence in the president of the country maybe he can be the man to come back to dumbass which is his local region and say done by aspect to russia residents of crimea reporting power outages in the south including the administrative center of simferopol the company supplying crimea with power says they're suffering technical difficulties but crimea's first deputy prime minister claims the ukrainian government has cut crimea as electricity and a half which he sees as a blackmail attempt. before crimea's reunion with russia was finalized president
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putin gave his own assessment of the situation in ukraine he pointed out that moscow's intentions to start dialogue with its neighbor are impeded by the interim government being partly controlled by far right radicals the president also slammed the u.s. in europe saying they supported the key of unrest that eventually led to an illegitimate power takeover take a listen but also who carried out the coup in ukraine you nazis nationalists and the anti semite and they still define the country's political agenda it's clear that there is no legitimate executive power in ukraine right now there is no one to negotiate with after crimea voted to join russia the u.s. it delivered on its threat slapping moscow with sanctions twenty officials and one bank ended up on washington's blacklist aimed at punishing those who threaten ukraine's integrity though it appears that some of those targeted didn't have anything to do with ukraine but instead belong to president putin's judo club good idea tim shango a businessman who back in one thousand nine hundred eighty founded the club or
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putin trained brothers are qadi and boris rottenberg also businessmen and members of the same club you're in cobol chuck also one of the judo club's founders and the kohen are of the sanctioned rossiya bag as far as that bag the president stated he was surprised to see it on the list and promised to open an account there regarding this being this far as i understand this is a little slow i'm sure i personally don't have an account in it but i will definitely open one on monday. brussels followed washington's example and put together its own list of russian officials now facing travel bans and asset freezes the e.u. has promised far reaching economic consequences if moscow takes steps to stabilize the situation in ukraine still italy though warned against taking sanctions too far saying it could hurt europe that point of view partly shared by germany which does have strong russian business ties richard wellings from the institute of economic affairs thinks the sanctions are unlikely to bring results. the evidence shows that
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sanctions tend not to be effect safe and if they are effects if they only work if the imposed on smaller countries perhaps consist of surrounded by enemies and really russia doesn't fit into that country that's really clearly one of the world's major economies it's a huge knots resources so that likelihood of the sanctions being effective actually very low but clearly western governors have to supply some of the lines at least pay lip service to them clearly it swells the swells the east these countries have massive trade flows with russia and also of course there are countries in southern europe that are hugely reliant on oil imports in absolute terrible economic difficulty to greece italy spain portugal and so on and they really don't need anything to disrupt was very sensitive to the economic recovery of the moment really some sort of disruption to trade with the last thing many particularly on energy prices russia's decision to integrate crimea has a cause things to get heated at the u.n. security council the u.s. envoy lashing out at the russian ambassador calling moscow
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a thief and accusation though that sparked a tough response from the other side let's take a look at the reporter. russia is known for its literary greatness and what you just heard from the russian ambassador showed more imagination than tolstoy or chekhov a thief can steal property but that does not confer the right of ownership on the thief. during our discussions today some of my colleagues used excessive language particularly the u.s. ambassador ms howard who started by mentioning tolstoy in check of but ended at the level of the targets such insults concerning russians are absolutely unacceptable that should be clear to them is that if the u.s. delegation expects to cooperate with russia in the security council on other issues in the future. nationalist groups could be gaining momentum in ukraine and also getting a hold of political power later in the program a closer look at those who have seized the reins of government in ukraine and the
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manner in which some of them try to get things done. before we get to that a month long nationwide austerity march to madrid and in a violent clashes on the streets of the spanish capital saturday some of those demonstrating against huge unemployment rates and budget cuts attacked police with rocks and firecrackers more than one hundred wounded twenty nine arrested are reports. it was a peaceful protest rally throughout basically the entire time until the end when it was coming to an end and then suddenly a group of young a radical basters with their face covered started throwing stones at the police the police had a perimeter there they started brushing the protesters away from it and then we've seen firecrackers being fired at the police and reportedly rubber bullets being fired back as a result there are injuries on both sides we've been actually following these protesters for a few babies now and everyone that i spoke to in specially the older professors
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they told me that there may be some problems with the police money comes to the younger professors the younger activists they did expect some sort of problems put happen and apparently that's what's happened here and they are surely critical against the government's policies national economic policy is that the spanish economy is going through severe problems unemployment stands at around twenty six percent which means that the only other e.u. state with more serious problems in that sense is greece after greece comes spain but when it comes to the youth fifty percent around fifty percent of all the youth in spain don't have a job also around two million spaniards are really dependent on state pensions and food. banks and so on which is also applying pressure on the economy at same time of the troika go off the international creditors and brussels they are calling
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for more job cuts for more reductions of salaries and at the same time they're not promising any improvement in the economy in the next four years which obviously is only aggravating the situation and is even making these thousands of people more angry. we've been following them off long so-called march for dignity before it got to madrid some of those who took part came from remote parts of spain covering hundreds of kilometers on foot to reach the capital. what it was like to walk a mile in their shoes. hello sir why are you here. why am i here i'm sick of this government with all the promises they never fulfilled they said they were going to create more jobs and lower the taxes a little to live instead unemployment rolls from four to six million this is the only way we can fight back. that after twelve days of will cain it's cold at night and during the day we're in high spirits and have to put an end to these savage
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policies. what cause you to take part in this march there are too many reasons my sons have to work every day from eight in the morning to five in the evening only for four hundred us the month also i'm a teacher and i know what cuts in the public sector mean all these evictions this isn't saying i'm marching to madrid because i can't walk to believe we must stop them and the troika. march for david he has been a show of unity for those unhappy about the economic situation in spain flags they carried represented various autonomous communities within the country spanish trader and portfolio manager felix moreno tells us exactly what he thinks is making the people angry at the government's policy. because people have a lot of patience and hope that this government who is going to change direction of course they haven't and i think we're starting to see the beginnings of a sea change in public opinion against this government they've made the choice to
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keep the public says to just as big a cut in the most basic necessities to cut education spending they've cut health spending and above all they've increased taxes it's not said very much but there's many more this being the fifty tax increases within the past two years since the government had to. an increase rather radical i say should specially among young people and this understandable to oversee hopefully. a silent and peaceful majority will prevail even the i'm going to keep some building up at this over fifty percent youth unemployment in spain and those people are getting very angry. still to come this hour the right to self-determination. one of the lee's richest provinces it was also overwhelmingly to break away from rome details on the history of the.
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country's rich in natural resources are the poorest africans a colony it's a colony of the big corporations it's a colony of some of its own leaders who are under the thumbs of the big corporations so they have to beg from the world bank's development of social programs goes to pay back debts country is drowning under the amount of debt that they should and so every it is they would borrow money. and they would use that same amount of money to pay back o. debts can all that money relieve. the wages of debts. right. first rate. and i would think that your.
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instrument. could be in the. thanks for staying with us fifteen minutes past the hour now turning back to you crane in a struggle for power one of the country's opposition leaders are sannyasin york who is now the interim prime minister have been promising radical changes many of the pledges though remain only on paper with the with already changing their positions after taking the reins of government are. reports. ah the self-proclaimed governments in kiev came to power banking on people's frustration over the collapse deal. yet if the e.u. agreement is not scientists then according to article one one one of the criminal
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code in the prison will get ten to fifteen years behind it. however later our seeing gets newcastle backtrack on this my pleasure to pick up a piece we postponed signing the economic section of this document due to concerns over the possible negative effects that entering the free trade area might have if the industrial region. was easier said than done apparently once you have to actually analyze all the pros and cons looks like everyone said oh it's in what's being called the new governments in ukraine with contradictions raining surprise. we heard promises from kiev to join nato and get as many weapons from member countries as possible a draft law on the resumption of the process of integration of ukraine internet so has been filed and record it provide the maximum possible material and technical assistance in the form of modern military hardware and armaments once again
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something you have to take back your security in order to keep ukraine undivided we've decided to keep a session to nato now each of the agenda. what about all those promises to ban the russian language. yes i don't want the ukrainian youth to speak russian i want them to speak english i will make this my top priority i want them to travel to europe this is my assignment. new door no one is trying to take away your right to speak russian according to this law in all regions dominated by russian speakers russian should be a regional and de facto official language and it should have the same rights as the ukrainian language that was a quick one eighty and in stark contrast with his previous convictions if these are regime for actions was announced for
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a few hours at one points. ukraine's national security and defense council to good decision to introduce a visa regime with russia only to be dismissed by gazza nuke the very next day. ukraine should not hurry with introducing a visa regime with russia and this move must be mitchell after almost a month and office see absolute has failed to show what he's capable of other than threats which he did not follow through on and questions remain as and so what are his long term policies will be as fall that's all and as easy to take back as the ones that we've seen so far marina call sort of. a type ukrainian admiral claims the russian military has built up an offensive strike group in crimea where the allegations were dismissed by moscow russia's deputy defense minister saying western observers also agree that it's not true. scene in speed c. seven teams have visited the russian ukrainian border with these teams consist of
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observers from the u.s. canada switzerland and the baltic countries had the chance to speak with military personnel there and take photos you afterwards we spoke with the inspectors who said they were satisfied with it and did not find any alarming military activity and russia's border with ukraine might be as deal with. bank robberies office rains and crime racket seem to be a new reality in ukraine where security forces are working to control radical groups. these are pictures from one of the country's major vodka producers which was stormed this week by on demand many of them thought to be so-called lie down activists though reports suggest it was an attempt by shareholders to seize company's stock witnesses say police appeared at the scene but did not intervene there though that might be understandable after seeing a video like this police coming under attack from radicals apparently while walking
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down the street in another incident there was an attempt to rob a bank but the group allowed to walk free and interim prosecutor general seems to have little understanding of the vents in the country according to one. each of the students to choose from and. it's. like movies in the school who will be learning about the bank robbery a criminal investigation is underway. as presidential elections in ukraine draw closer the number of candidates is rising recently dmitri joined a list of candidates russia's put him on an international wanted list overcalls to carry out terrorism and he's the leader of an ultra nationalist group called the right sector which has become a political party let's take a closer look at the new leadership in the country and some of those that have risen to power. literally you know the man in a beige coat is
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a deputy of ukraine's new parliament here he is representing the country's information and media committee to sign the resignation i tell you he talks to the head of ukraine's national t.v. channel first well now the form has been telling you sit and sign your resignation shut up and take your hands off me like a told you have to show resistance are the rather deputies tapped into. we're telling you that this is the paper you will sign your resignation today with all that just because he's channel broadcast the russian president's address on crimea sign it's your russians going to buy me a grainy and you are not real grainy and son. bigger midhurst in turn is a member of ukraine's ultra nationalists were border party condemned by the european parliament back in two thousand and twelve for its racism anti-semitism
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and xenophobia it grew up from the social national party which has a swastika like logo to the members of these and other far right parties form a major part of ukraine's new political face their methods of becoming the country's new political language the digital whoever they are these days how many of the country's politicians do business today you want to take my gun you come here and take it all enjoying their freedom and bringing them to justice. on our teams. on life here right now the british legal system is set to undergo a major change in u.k. a loss society publishing guidelines for drawing documents according to shari'a principles i can see nonbelievers and women being excluded from muslim wells and estimates that are to dot com to find out public reaction to the us. more than one hundred. and gather in the streets of santiago chile calling for political reforms
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in the country police disperse activists for tear gas and water cannons on our website photos from the scene. of crimea referendum and not the only one to have happened in europe recently this we've been missions voting to break away from italy eighty nine percent around two million people in favor of their lagoon province going it alone the referendum not binding and not recognized by rome but the numbers alone do make an impressive political showing she avani his head of the benito independence movement and says the current separate is trend may only grow further. the next step east to prepare a document that we will present today you know but also to the e.u. to mr blair and then we will make pressure a full directly nation to live the independence of the treaty over. the border standing with the twenty first century world is changing that probably more the
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european nations who don't call them over the last twenty years if you think about new nations lots of them in eastern europe i think people are struggling and then they don't like they simply do stand over a new war global. based on the american super bowell people i don't feel they're uncomfortable with this and there is a move in economy in the social model she may think to be for the season making back to local communities so we don't we don't do good times of supply of these talking tens of self-determination this is this is a kind of new with all of you which is why growing that through europe and all the great men it's is becoming by the frequent think all of the world turning now to some other stories making global headlines this hour turkey's prime minister confirming the country's jets have shot down
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a syrian aircraft that violated its airspace syria calls it an act of blatant aggression and denied accusations of violating the turkish zone aircraft came down to syrian territory on korea's military officials frequently blame damascus for breaching borders tensions between the two sides have risen since civil unrest started in syria in two thousand and eleven. in the u.s. a massive landslide north of seattle in washington state killed at least three eighteen remain missing authorities say they suspect the people are trapped under the rubble but it's too dangerous so barb to launch a rescue mission helicopters currently searching the area the mudslide destroyed thirty homes and forced many evacuations. for people killed in an attack in southern kenya two armed men walking into a church and started shooting the gunman managed to escape before police arrived no one has claimed responsibility for the attack but officials say islamist group al shabaab may be behind the assault. three killed in
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a fresh wave of violent clashes in venezuela varying the death toll in the protests to thirty four arrest regimes for weeks soaring inflation and chronic food shortages with activists accusing authorities of stifling the opposition to president maduro as government claims protests are washington and radical groups. coming up the breadbasket of the world why its regional economies could be faltering r.t. international focus on africa stay with. a group called the representation project is spreading the word with a viral you tube video that the most destructive thing you can say to young boys
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america's be a man why is everything is even the unpleasant a cardinal sin in modern america you want to know why we say be a man imagine a medieval village what if all the men just didn't want to work the land because it hurts their hands or would be willing to fight an invading army because they might get hurt themselves or have some girl gets pregnant all the village guys would say well that's her problem the idea of being a man is part of her evolution without tough men that tribe or city state or whatever would die out many people would say that this is all in the past but as western civilization goes down the tank we see more and more forty year old boys with no wife no kids no ambition no guts no grit no discipline just trying to pretend to be a man playing online video games be a man is probably one of the best things that anyone ever said to me thanks ted i'm sorry representation project but you are dead wrong but that's just my opinion. well come to that xan siberian. what are the places
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you never go to. fun. things you never do. experience you'll never get. the surprise you will. in the advent to do last year twenty two million hc tesco fertile arab land was
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stolen from african farmers by c. d. k. other words it was handed over to bought by hedge funds and multinational societies we fool so when the bank says yes we have to encourage foreign investment. give this poorly exploited african land rights to the fruit farms in ma say in buffalo or to new york hedge funds. did york because there they are capable of making this land profitable now that is a militarists argument for the farmers who work locally. sourced and process i think for a country to make the best use of those resources that it has in abundance and to. given the limits of its own domestic market of course to the export and those resources in. order to generate wealth and that's a strategy that
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a number of not just african countries but countries in throughout the world have done very well by. so i wouldn't look at it in the narrow perspective of just been able to reimburse death debt but in fact as a way of generating wealth and generating opportunities for growth and through growth progress on poverty reduction. everywhere where the i.m.f. imposes structural adjustment involving the extension of land devoted for export led agriculture the greater the number of people going hungry. only twenty percent of africa's population has access to drinking water and contrary to widely held belief there is no lack of water in sub-saharan africa however the policies put in place by the i.m.f. in the aftermath of structural adjustment plans have only aggravated the
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difficulties people experience in accessing water sources. lack said access to drinking water in this village is an acute problem and it is because of these structural adjustment programs because the state has considerably reduced its budget for the water sector and has not provided the economic and financial resources to create or improve existing water sources use them. so the situation is drastic when it comes to what i feel my bucket of water because there is no point to hope for running water which you have only a few hours during the night not every night and sometimes you can go for five or six days without any running later at all so everyone looks for a place where there are wells those who can go to the well let's go to the river and make do with. that.
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the reason that the heavily indebted poor country initiative was. thought to be desirable was in fact by me in the international community it was that it was very clear that the. poor countries were drowning under the amount of debt. and so every year they would borrow money and they would use that same amount of money to pay back old debts and the net result was that it was really nothing remaining in the middle. james wolfensohn played a very significant historical role it did you by launching the heavily indebted poor countries initiative. and by making the governments of the o.e.c.d. countries understand and admit that it wasn't possible to continue to. refinance an
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african debt even with subsidies which in fact is what amounted to gradually stopping it but within a system that kept african countries in a situation of political financial dependence which was politically economically and culturally highly damaging for everyone on the amount of national. we have put in place another process of reform which this time instead of stunting growth which has often been the case with structural adjustment programs encourages growth we began by preparing a strategy document to reduce poverty which emphasizes social aspects this is not necessarily the case with structural adjustment programs it is a range of reforms that takes into account social aspects which largely seem beyond structural adjustment programs. but i will not tell you about the details and about
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how difficult it was to set up something that was completely new at the time. but the results in the countries that have already benefited from this debt relief have been positive we have seen that these resources have been reassigned in large part to human development activities. so we then set. the board to swipe clean. no no if you look at what we vote in two thousand that is to say just after the introduction of this new policy of wiping out that movie and two years of adjustments and then in two thousand and six. after all this here is after some cancellation measures you notice that the debt for the poorest was reduced by one point four percent so i see
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who were making fun of. an example of how developing countries economies were caught in a vice like scenario where on the one we are told that our debt will be reduced so that we won't have to get into debt again and on the other hand we have no money in our accounts so we should make do with a little money we have i don't give a damn about the conditions for cancelling the debt when they say we will cancel the debt you will now have health care and education but how will we have it when in order to cancel the debt they make you a forest code a mining code in an investment which no longer allow you to be sovereign in your national resources we see this how much plundering of mineral resources goes on forests environmental destruction the very confiscation of some public companies confiscation i say so how will the government have money to take care of social affairs even if we cancel the debt so it's really
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a masquerade when they talk about reducing poverty in the world bank program that the debt forgiveness programs of the world bank and the i.m.f. promote these days in the u.s. government and the others are shams for the most part because they're telling these countries and the african nations particularly recently have suffered under this that ok we'll forgive your debts but you have to accept these conditionality. yes you know you have to open your doors totally to privatisation by our corporations you have to sell off all your assets to our corporations your utility companies your water and sewerage system companies your telephone companies your schools your jails are going to sell all that off to our corporations sick of it is this if you amputate a person's limbs that's how explain it they cut off one of your limbs here one there and then they say to you you are free but you are free sir so we fought against poverty but when you asked the question but how am i going to eat if i have no arms how am i going to work much of it they say to us no no we will come with
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a spoon and we will feed you is that what you call freedom. the so-called heavily indebted poor countries initiative allows states that have respected i.m.f. recommendations to obtain a cancellation of a share of that debt. which logically should give them a boost in terms of budgets. and reality though he only makes it possible for a new financial actors to step into the breach and make outrageous speculations which have been nicknamed vulture funds. for the unity the process of vulture funds is quite straightforward in fact you are an investment fund you buy it tends to a hundredth of the value of a debt contracted ten years ago it is now twenty years old and everyone thinks that it will never be reimbursed if you go before the court and demand the full
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reimbursement of the debt in addition to interest and areas this means that you have a grotesque situations where for example kensington a fund based in the cayman islands coincidentally two million of deaths from congo brazzaville and afterwards went to demand one hundred twenty million before the courts in other words sixty times the national some what it of course do they said your rights to credit to is always right it is the contract that wins out over the constraints that the country in question makes period. we have been victims of vulture funds we have been lynched by vulture phones and we have almost lost our dignity as a sovereign country because of these vulture funds so these funds have made it possible to capture oil cargos destined for export on the high seas these vulture funds have hunted down. i'm going to tell you
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a story that is my predecessor arrived in washington for the annual assemblies of the i.m.f. and the world bank there he saw a man bring him an arrest warrant which would send him to prison in the united states. my predecessor had officially come to take part in these general assemblies and question but this man had come in the name of the vulture funds it was a nightmare for us we knocked on all the most important doors of the world to ask for help solve this problem so overwhelming it was for us it didn't happen we took things in hand we sat down with these people and we talked today we are rid of these people but it's true it hurts but if i had one piece of advice to give even if i am badly placed to give advice it's that every country should avoid anything to do with these people especially control its debts so that it doesn't find itself on the second markets by the vulture funds which make money
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on the backs of so-called weak states. but the paradox is also that thanks to the small share fund we discovered congo particular. secret accounts. but i think the issue of buying and selling debt is. in market based systems. can work because as oppose to for example. dead mean worth nothing sometimes it can be traded at a discounted rate and that is acceptable commercial practice what we don't want is to have speculation that artificially inflates the value of the debt cyclical the club that creates a lot of problems. many difficulties and do we have to think about limiting the use of this instruments for highly indebted countries.
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her. basis for the economic ups and downs in the final months belonged to the old and the rest of the life of a female baby every week on a per.
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perch. her perch. your friend posts a photo. you can't afford. to for. your boss repeats the same old joke of course. girlfriend still
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in poetry keep. ignoring. your facebook. technology innovation. around russia. in an untenable situation since the adoption of a new mining code imposed by the world bank the country which before. is no longer but a minority shareholder. is a perfect example of an organized hold up on the country's gold. despite months of secret negotiations with.
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serious presumptions weigh on this mind which contaminated the region with. used in the treatment of precious metals. talk of it without their faces covered for fear of losing their job. a somali i can't talk about it. concerns us the workers in the mine and the locals is that we haven't learned anything for ten years. we don't live here there's nothing to drink here there's no drinking water these little boxes which you see surrounding us. this is where the work of the mine live in these boxes here. where does the money from the mine go i don't know. i really don't know they're a big caymans within the government. all of the west gives them goes into their pocket.
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and employee of mining exploitation company does not allow us to film in his village despite ministerial authorization. we have. a neighboring mine. confessing to us that women regularly miscarriages here and that the contend with. did water from the ground supply is surely responsible for all of the evils and the dust causes serious respiratory problems especially for children. today we speak about the plundering of resources in congo because the world bank in
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its h i p c program initiated different reforms especially the forest code in the mining code permits for mining exploitation were granted the world bank with their experts to help congo and in all of these authorizations from mining exploitation almost all the authorizations have to be reviewed because there was systematic pillaging of resources and the world bank watched on we were told that the world bank was a development bank wrong it's of bank of under development it has to be said it's clear. the big outside is china china has two point five trillion dollars in currency reserves and china is now present in africa latin america and another asian countries where it offers extremely high sums for new loans. china has committed to invest six billion euros
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in projects in the democratic republic of congo these are aimed at the development of road infrastructure schools hospitals as well as the revival of the mining sector. in exchange the chinese will have access to six and a half million tons of refined copper two thousand tons of cobalt and three hundred seventy two tons of gold this minerals for projects barter agreement to surprised western countries and the i.m.f. and the world bank in particular both of whom were on the verge of cancelling the democratic republic of congo's debt these two institutions have said as a precondition that the contract be reviewed downwards. and so negotiations have been extremely hard with it has to be said with being blackmailed by representatives presidents of european countries have told
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us. here cheney's contracts we get treated at death you don't give them up. so we're happy to say that. the government and its chinese partner works very hard to take a second look at that package and have indeed improved it so that now will be benefiting from both debt relief and additional resources for infrastructure which it's desperately i think china understands that africa is a continent. has for many of the things that it needs particularly natural resources it has the potential of being a significant market because it's under a million people now that in twenty fifty it'll be close to two billion people today they are certainly at a stage which resembles a lot like what was practiced by france in the seventy's and its own commercial relations with africa we will also review operations which resemble life align what
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could have been done china is welcome india is welcome brazil is well come friends as well you know it's a place with tremendous potential. my experience was. that until i arrived at the bank the word corruption had never been used by a president of the bank it had never been discussed at the board and the reason was as i was told by the general counsel was that unfortunately many member countries had corrupt governments and what you didn't want to do was to offend countries that were corrupt even some of the big company countries were thought to be corrupt and i. decided
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that i didn't care whether any of my members were corrupt or not but that i was not going to run an institution that was giving money. knowingly to corrupt governments deposit but i think that it is no accident that we began to speak about corruption after the fall of the soviet union before them on the cause at that time but we couldn't really speak about this sort of thing without risking moving to the other side i think we changed the moral stance and it's. but i can tell you it wasn't easy. and not every country even today. regards that contribution as ring constructive and by the way not every country to a. administers anticorruption practices. there are many
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countries. that use it as a competitive tool. i won't name the countries but they must be known to you. and some pretty large countries. sure thing the but corruption here is a way of life it's even that's how people live because you can work for the big companies of these countries one of us take for example our customs company. when you go to our feeder you will find really old fashioned buses but the people who work there travel around in all some jeeps. you would see people who work at a feeder with all some houses these people build skyscrapers but there's something fishy going on at a feeder where do they find what they earn because they only work at a feeder of course so are optional rules here. is
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to sit past can see hundred it seems as if the fight against corruption works for low level corruption only. but as soon as you reach the government with that in the head of state the prime ministers the ministers it no longer works they investigate or start and presidential personal richmond political financing and then the richmond to friends is no longer tolerated i cannot complete and i'm claiming that this is right not only naff reka. but. i know in that context we. worked with our membership to improve institutions that make for better governance. economic governance and in public financial management in other areas that we work with. our membership and i think
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we we think there's been considerable progress in in focusing. progress in. corruption in a number of countries. when we treat people as corrupt we're not there to clear their name if they are corrupt they are corrupt but the truth is that this corruption was supported by the great powers at the time of the cold war it's the same today no african leader keeps his money at home not in congo the ivory coast of brazil. they always keep it in switzerland spain in the united states it's true too in south africa and in morocco not only in europe.
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africa should seek inspiration from the example of ecuador in two thousand and seven and eight this latin american country proceeded with the audit of its debts to determine the illegitimate and debts but there is a whole series of contracts and we see it in the african case. absolutely unacceptable including from the point of view of international international law both of which are particularly rendered void. the purpose of the order it is to identify what must not be paid and it's on the basis of an ordered that the government of ecuador decided to no longer pay illegitimate debt. a and i believe that if we don't want to be a martyr it's true. even by the time has come for us
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to take action the congolese have to understand that it doesn't have to be like this i'm sitting on a gold mine and diamonds on wood and coal to an electrical energy like being a say and despite it all we have no electricity. i am standing alongside an oil palm and despite that we import palm oil and i'm in a country where there are thinned leaders who have spoken out the lakes simon combine goo kimbo veto and loon. but the problem is that people are disengaged today and i'm not despairing.
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things will change. right on the scene. of the first trip to mars and i were being butchered.
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on a reformist twitter. on instagram. to be among the. on off.
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there's now no more. say sorry. but if you will show marginalized community college face time you know. a pleasure to have you with us here on t.v. today i'm sure.
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i've. i've. lived.
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triple celebration moscow and crimea marking their reunion with a bang after the peninsula votes to leave ukraine and rejoin russia fireworks displays commemorate the occasion into crimea and cities in the russian capital. after russia's reunion with crimea the e.u. and washington slapped moscow with sanctions compiling black list of officials who now face visa bans and asset freezes one bank also ending up on us this. is a little slower than i personally don't have an account in it but i will definitely open one on monday president vladimir putin surprised by the sanctions applied to the russian bank as it's been revealed a number of officials on the u.s. list are not connected to the crisis in ukraine.

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