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tv   Boom Bust  RT  March 24, 2018 4:30am-5:01am EDT

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twenty thousand dollars between two thousand and thirteen and two thousand and fifteen court records indicate that the request wouldn't compass data for fourteen thousand users of the site coin base has nearly six million total users the information would be used by a newly created crypto task force at the i.r.s. as criminal investigation division the i.r.s. officially served notice back in two thousand and fourteen that they claim legal authority to tax crypto currency is that can be exchanged for real currencies. prior to his run to the white house and during his candidacy donald trump criticize u.s. wars abroad called for troops to come home and attack saudi arabia's atrocious human rights record but as president trump has adopted an aggressive foreign policy and is to mulch to his first year in office has been a windfall for arms manufacturers the top global weapons manufacturers lockheed
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martin boeing be a systems raytheon and northrop grumman every corded record profits which they credit to president trump raytheon c.e.o. tom kennedy went so far as to brand trump the chief salesperson for u.s. defense as trump virtually sparred with north korean premier kim jong il his administration struck arms deals with south korea and he called on japan to buy u.s. made weapons but at the center of trump's foreign policy is his relationship with saudi arabian crown prince mohammed bin some on during his first foreign trip in may twenty seventh teen president trump in the saudi monarchy signed the largest arms deal in u.s. history worth one hundred ten billion dollars as a result stocks of lockheed martin raytheon and boeing reach all time highs that they all came as the saudi arabian led war in yemen has killed ten thousand people led to a massive cholera outbreak and put a million people on the brink of famine and what do you. called the worst
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humanitarian crisis in the world well congress tonight a recent resolution that would have forced the us to end its involvement in the saudi led war on yemen trump is expanding the relationship with saudi arabia while weapons manufacturers cash in and washington damn cohen reporting from boom bust. some of us recall the cold war between the soviet union and its satellites and the democratic nations of the western world primarily of course united states what i recall most was the increasingly heightened rhetoric and the weapons build up expression of what was then the new frontier dubbed star wars after the original star wars movie from one thousand nine hundred seventy seven in real life back then star wars or what in the us was called the s.d.i. the strategic defense initiative saw the development of ultra advanced weapons systems which included lasers and particle being that would shoot down the opposing sides nuclear missiles for younger folks and by i was younger then at the time it
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was a pretty unnerving period while star wars their s.d.i. slowed significantly after the end of the cold war when mikhail gorbachev became the leader of the soviet union recently there's been a lot of talk about north korea and their nuclear missile program and now with president russian president putin who gave a recent state of the nation speech where he discussed cruise missiles that could reach anywhere in the world it raises the question of what's going on and from a boom bust perspective on business and finance how much money is being spent on these sorts of things and which companies are profiting from the development of star wars type systems and here to discuss it probably the best person around in the world a former pentagon official michael maloof michael thank you so much for being with us let's time travel you were at the department of defense then when i was out talking about nuclear arms awareness week and things and it was a sort of an on. nerving time but take our viewers who don't recall back to what
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was going on and then which were the companies that were involved in this strategic defense initiative at the time well it was at the beginning of the end of the soviet union and it and reagan and gorbachev are meeting at reykjavik and the proposal was made to that if there wasn't. some kind of a peace settlement of some kind that reagan was prepared to launch this strategic defense initiative the whole concept was he had the idea before hand he saw he was he was briefed a long time back that missiles were coming in they could track the missiles but there was no way to stop them so this strategic defense initiative idea became part and parcel of his of his new package for incoming missiles to set up an anti missile defense system as a consequence. that was offered as as
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a. partly partially a bluff if you will to cause the the economically ducange soviet union to have to put in more resources which we knew they could not afford and that that's when gorbachev decided to do what he ultimately did and he could've competed you know and but s. the concept of s.d.i. continued under reagan especially and it got modified over time and it was really a robust concept to have lasers shooting things out of the sky from from outer space but the technologies had not yet been developed they needed to be developed and that would have been part and parcel of the research and development costs that would have gone into and we had the companies to do that are some many of our companies are major defense companies today we're involved like lockheed like martin marietta united technologies are not exact knowledge. these these were the
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major major firms that have been and continue to be engaged in this now as part of the missile defense agency today that's what it's called now that i remember in the day it was the s d i o g d it was it was about then it became the ballistic missile defense agency office and then clinton changed that to missile defense agency and that still exists today now that's what is being used to develop anti missile systems that's but it's a much more conventional approach of developing technologies that can go faster than the incoming as opposed to having something lingering in outer space with the original concept brilliant pebbles was to have a series of drones to base drones that could point lasers at missiles that were
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flying into. space that could not things out of the first thought was i get sure that the timeline right the first thing was it wasn't just the bluff was it i remember that it was you know both the soviet union and the u.s. had all these missiles and it was thought that you know if one shot that had a first strike that the other would shoot and that they're essentially be a policy they called mad mutually assured destruction and that was the unnerving part i talked about in the opening yes so then they came up with s.d.i. and this is going to save us will be able to shoot down the missiles if they come over but then the brilliant pebbles idea that you just had who is was that and that was as you say so that wasn't a missile shooting down a missile that was satellites that would shoot down missiles so things that were already up in space race that w. do you think. that was written in originated with reagan then and then in and then it was george h.w.
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bush but he's the one who began to scale it back because the system realistically we don't really need that and and the technology is a way out there yet we can't really do it yet although there is a modifications that that that that's when the decision ultimately was made then to do something that came that was more from land based rather than lingering in space and as though these were super expensive technology to develop and developed it well and your but your contention is that that mr gorbachev saw the enormous capital that would have been needed to compete with the u.s. at that time and that essentially ended up shutting down the cold war to a large extent so let's fast forward michael to today and we see the north koreans were all about talking about what their weapons kasab capabilities are and president putin in his state of the nation address actually showed a video of service striking video and said it could not be evaded that that the.
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video could be abated the missile could be evaded so. where are we today how much money is the soviet union the us spending on these things and are is the same sort of cast of characters with regard to defense contractors who are trying to pile on and make a buck out of these things and response to your last part yes defense contractors see the new golden age again because basically the policy has been changed now to back more to more strategic systems and we're seen as a reason as in response to the north korean threat more development of missiles that can shoot down. the incoming missiles if if if we have that technology but it's it's what the it's like a bullet trying to hit a bullet in space however we do not have the technologies yet that can reach out to three hundred miles in space if you're going and the conclusion is if you're going
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to knock something out and if you know it's. meant to do harm you've got to hit it on the on the in one of the booster in the boosters the booster otherwise it's up in space and you hit it and then it's you know because it's going to close the thing we have right now is ages and that only can go up to one hundred fifty miles and yet this is what well that's that's the land base and ship based missile defense systems we've got those in japan and around the around north korea you know which shoot down for example a north korean missile a missile but here's the problem north korea has exhibited something else for that i don't hear anybody talking about and that has to do with the ability to orbit satellites their ability to orbit a satellite and they've demonstrated this twice or stew up there right now and we have no idea what's on them the fact is that that satellite those satellites could become new miniaturized nuclear weapons orbiting the world and we and then on command they could be detonated anywhere and that is what i. it's crazy nuts that
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is why some of us think that they're really angling at to have that capability i mean this is it's typical of what a poor less defensive country can do against a much larger and capable i mean the david goliath type of scenario and the problem is is that if they were to explode this missile or this nuclear warhead satellite three hundred miles we have no defense against that and we create a massive e.m.p. electromagnetic pulse that could knock out vulnerable electronics on the ground given our given our our dependency on technology today that would be catastrophic michael maloof former pentagon official thank you so much for being here it is your . goal for quick break but stay with us because when we return author and economist steve keen joins us to answer the question can we avoid another financial crisis
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we'll be right. guys are financial survival. when customers go buy your stuff. well reducing our. that's undercutting but what's good for markets it's not good for the global economy. with this manufactured sense of public wealth. when the ruling class is protect themselves. with the famous. be the one percent. we can all middle of the room sick.
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that's praise for a single. training very young. eighteen months of intensive school. records. and they save lives. welcome back lego's new c.e.o. is trying to steer the company through a fall in north american and european sales the danish maker of construction toys
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suffered a seven point seven percent decline on sales for last year their first in thirteen years and a seventeen percent drop in operating profits c.e.o. knowles christiansen who took over in october warned that there is no quick fix to lego's problems the company still managed to outperform competitors mattel and hasbro in overall annual say sales to take the top title of global oil seller but mattel and hasbro have also suffered from falling revenues and sales drops leaving lego as the biggest fish in the small pond lego's troubles also come as a toy maker has raised its profile in recent years with lego movies and more licensed toys from brands including star wars. and with all of the efforts by the trumpet ministration to relax and strip away some of the dodd frank financial reform and consumer protection laws from back in
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two thousand and ten it's a good time to ask can we avoid another financial crisis and we're fortunate to have with us the author of that book steve cain can we avoid another financial crisis see if thanks for joining us again so is it possible can we avoid another financial crisis. well we're avoiding this financial crisis in the same way you might avoid breaking your leg after jumping off a cliff because you've already come down a substantial hot from a excessive level of profit and climbing back up again to have another one of the fall off that same cliff is a bit harder when you've got a pair of broken legs and that's really the paraphrased america situation it had a financial process because of a debt bubble private debt bubble that's fallen a bit off of the crossest but you still have a historically high level of private debt and though you want have another cross in terms of a precipitous decline like a cut back in two thousand and seven two thousand and eight you never going to get much of a. wind behind your back any anymore either so in that sense america and the u.k.
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have avoided across this by having one and not having probably recovered from it but the rest of the world places like china australia canada bill jim norway sweden i think they're in for the run version very shortly you know steve you mention in your book and when folks look look at a columnist like minsky you know they they contend that we will revert to forgetting the lessons of the past and and given what we are seeing in the u.s. and hopefully not too much in other places where they're trying to pull back on some of the responsibilities that were placed upon financial regulators do you think we're headed for what. we're going to go bright back to some of these problems again. well we haven't learned the lessons from the cross' that's certainly true and if you look back to the great depression we could have learned from that process about what to do what to do and how to avoid another one to really avoid letting huge amounts of private data came in like one small but with
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completely failed to learn the lesson every time and of course the regulators when they sought to think everything is ok again from the neo classical mainstream economic perspective they have they start stripping a lie all the old emissions we put in there to prevent that same sort of behavior happening one small so the behavior will recur and we're certainly saying that right now the same sense of euphoria will come back in again but as i said it's a bit like having head across us already and not having reduce the debt by anywhere near as much as it fell after the great depression the headroom for another boom isn't quite there so i think what's going to happen instead is the regulators will as well as relaxing the laws a little so i think oh we can put interest rights up again we can stop cutting government spending and they'll retreat shrink some of the day leverage ing that gave us the process in the first place exactly well i want to go back to what there is this thing i know you're aware of it but for viewers it was the financial crisis
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inquiry commission the f c i c and they came out with a report they were authorized by congress i think it was two thousand and eleven and they talked about two primary culprit is now these are different than what you talk about but i used to do this a little poem steve about thing one and thing two in the first thing was. the regulators and lawmakers were a problem because they lessened regulation the last time we went through the thing you're talking about and the second thing was that the captains of wall street took advantage of it so i'll give you my little quick poem light markets dark markets big markets small red green and black markets they traded the malls they were burning up the fiber there was fire on the phones and then what they did they traded bundles of toxic mortgage loans and the risk was. so portable it was so easy to use that sometimes they wondered just whose risk they might lose and they traded and traded it's what kept them alive and they did so this trading twenty four seven three sixty five thing one and thing two what could possibly go wrong now so f c i
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see talked about those two things but you're really focusing on debt and why why is it explained that how death debt is different and why that gets us back into the same old same old structure where we lose sight of the lessons and fall into the trap again steve. well the fundamental reason it matters is that when you borrow money if you're in an individual purpose if you let's say have an income of one hundred thousand u.s. dollars a year and you you you're maxing out a credit card every year by ten thousand dollars your totals ending at one hundred ten thousand and you're the most popular person on main street of course then you get to the side you've maxed out three credit cards you are thirty thousand dollars and you think oh i've got to stop paying my debt back so rather than spending one hundred ten thousand you spend ninety thousand and you pay ten thousand off a credit card h h e n that means you'll spending falls by almost twenty percent now
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that is the laws at the individual level and conventional economics says all well you know when bill spends he borrows off stave so bill can spend more steve less than the one bill replies he's got less and staves got mole and it all balances out in the wash that is wrong completely categorically wrong because when one person leads to another there's no money created but when a bank creates a loan it also creates a matching amount of money which the recipient then spends so bank boosts the money supply and it boost demand at the same time so a rising period of deadlock you had a private deadlock you had from about ninety two through to two thousand and seven gives you apparently prosperous economy but as soon as people find they have to stop paying the debt down all the banks not wanting to extend that dead the right to growth of credit credit right across the debt stops credit disappears it can go from positive to negative and that's what happened in two thousand and seven so you went from having credit being equivalent to fifteen percent of jay paid him on
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a six percent now the economics the discipline says that doesn't matter because it's the see saw they completely wrong the central banks are telling that these now the bank of england than the bundesbank and you have a twenty percent fall in aggregate demand which is the by anybody's definition across us that's what matters but it's still ignore it by mentioning economists like paul krugman larry summers and all that crowd. now steve when you look at some of the numbers coming out some of the figure is in the u.s. and about debt that is accumulating and people failing to pay their mortgages on time more than they have and i don't know if it's six or seven years do you think we're beginning to see some of the indications that we are headed down this rough road yet again. possibly i mean you if you look at the pig level of private debt than america accumulated during the bubble it was about one hundred seventy percent of j.j. pay through the daily verging off to the process of people going bankrupt
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a debt ridden written off and so on it fell by about twenty percent of g.d.p. to one point five times a day pay it's now rising again it's rising in the right of about seven percent of g.d.p. every year now what i think is going to happen is that as that starts to occur and you have the federal reserve believing everything's fine again because they completely ignore this issue they'll stop putting interest rates up trying to head towards that right of at least say three percent they used to get four percent as their right of interest in the gold saga three percent this time and the put the publications in in the congress may not they might go with trump on the infrastructure spending which will boost the economy through the government spending more than it takes back in taxes but at the pull ron's of the world have their way they'll start cutting government spending and spending on the poor of course and continuing spending on the rich and what that will most likely do the rising cost of debt and the dick michigan out of money being created by the government will trigger what happened back in not in thirty seven and that is
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a private sector will go back into reducing its debt levels again that was called the roosevelt recession when it happened because unemployment which had fallen radically from twenty five percent of the population and thirty two down to eleven percent by thirty six rose again to twenty percent everyone see the same ra's but i think what you're going to see is a bit of a boom the reg the policymakers will get comfortable thinking everything's back to normal again put the rights up reduce government spending and bang the private sector will start cutting its spending once more to pay back that debt and will go back into another slump and that's really a wash and repeat that shapin has been doing now for twenty five years yeah well it looks to me like a lot that you say may happen is going to start happening i don't know pretty pretty soon here i mean the the u.s. . looks like they're going to go ahead and boost interest rates not just now and in march but in the next several months and the e.c.b. looks like sometime later this year so we could be well down that path hey steve
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anybody wants to read your book can we avoid another financial crisis they should do so it's very interesting but you've also written a comic book about economics as well tell us about that a little bit all that that's what he said on the senate and more and less is not a little. taking the calling out of economics and in a funny sort of way i was had to fly out to give a conference speech in in kent kind of a couple of years ago and i was reading larry summers that's larry on the cover there and he invented this concert be called the feria which stands for the full employment real interest right and this has never beaned in uses a term in economics ever before and this one paper was there twenty one times and i was reading this thing in thinking a lot of bollix it was frankly and thinking it's almost like some particular excel abida or quantum physicists this is covered some new fundamental particle and i
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realize that was a great line to send up the whole idea so i wrote a satire on that basis and then that's what's been illustrated by a fabulous cartoonist and then going across to a similar conference in france i was reading about these two french economists called couple can. who wrote a book talking about non-orthodox economists being what they called economic the nihilists now in france to novelists is pretty much accusing of being a holocaust denier. and i thought will go up but frankly populous and i wrote a satire about them as well saying that was part of the. warning about the outbreak of a dangerous new virus called reality which was a take on a columnist in the in the midwest of america and the only way to avoid the virus was to complete avoidance of reality was the only technique that it worked to keep you as a mainstream economists and i finished up with a rich satire on david ricardo who though we know him as the father of the author of comparative advantage he was also a swindler and this is actually historically true and i had
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a fair bit of fun blending his actual role swindling his fellow stockbrokers over who won the battle of waterloo with swindling the world i was the author of comparative advantage and this is all basically to take the take the mickey out of economics because it desperately deserves to be taken less seriously take the mickey in the pill not in the mickey mouse because it is still a cartoon but anyway we look forward to reading it and we thank you for your contribution to the dialogue and particularly in your contribution to boom bust steve came the author of can we avoid another financial crisis thanks for being with us. thank you. that's all for this time thanks for watching be sure to catch boom bust on you tube at you tube dot com slash boom bust archie we'll see you next time. for a world cup twenty eight team coverage we've signed one of the greatest goalkeepers
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available to us but there was one more question and by the way who's going to be our coach. guys i know you are nervous he's a huge star among us and the huge amount of pressure you have to go i mean eighty percent of the beach but how would you and will show the great game the grit to get you out of the rock at the back nobody gets past you we need you to get the ball in going let's go. a low as does i want to know and i'm really happy to join the for the two thousand and three in the world cup in russia meet the special one it was also appreciate me to just take the radio bianchi team's latest edition to make it up as we go so i need to just look. well you know the hard thing we've kind of adopted because we were called pirates
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for so long. i mean they're in this small ball it's next to the harpoon ships and you stand. on. the little self to be told these already ninety percent of the dots and you won't recover. contemplations coupes seventy five times they do it several times a day with a complete oh you get an idea why. we have to understand we cannot stay here. to just. be with this he is going around. doing this because i want the future world to future generations to have and enjoy the ocean now we have.
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fundamentally the united states and russia are have been for decades to scorpions in a bottle each capable of destroying the other but only at the price of being destroyed itself. said well these weapons will overcome u.s. missile defenses u.s. missile defenses were totally ineffective against russian forces already so they'll be more effective against russian forces. i thought.
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my hero police officer delis from his injuries after offering to swap places with a hostage during friday's terror attack in southern france three other people were killed in that deadly attack when a gunman hijacked a car and took hostages in the supreme. also in the program this hour british investigators raid the offices all of a political consulting giant link. the rule of national security advisor closer look at the hawks in the white house.

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