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tv   Cross Talk  RT  June 17, 2018 11:30pm-12:01am EDT

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and times is possible that they get three draws and they win one and this is a beautiful also very wood with mexico to return to with with with the. australian with the north american very good against france so in this moment the smaller teams didn't know how they can compete against the better teams and they do it in a very primitive way very compact very solid great for pros doing the lean mean and trying their charms and it's great for the fans things we can hear the most confounds certainly enjoying themselves here in moscow let's see how the swiss fans are doing and rough stuff i have to tell you that there will be a break in some bar here in rostov at least for a few hours because obviously the fans from brazil they're disappointed they're in a state of shock they weren't expecting this kind of result they partied day and night and something we were seeing all the time was meal goal which means
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a thousand goals but only one goal was scored by brazil and then switzerland equalized so of course these guys are disappointed it is a great result for the swiss fans but i haven't seen many of them coming out just yet hopefully i will be able to talk to some of them soon because they will be delighted i'm sure and of course they were much louder in the second have after swiss switzerland equalised and surely they will have many things to say about the game and for now i can tell you that we're just waiting for more and more people coming out and then again the people in the yellow t. shirts are very disappointed this is not the kind of thing they were expecting from the first match of their team at the russian world cup.
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i can imagine. i don't know i wasn't there but i can imagine a russia defending its national interests in a way that doesn't help the hawks in the united states but couldn't has this image of such hard. and i would only blame him for not caring about american public
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opinion even more because it seems like no matter what he does there's an unfair response number less what i'm saying is it's gotten very personal. like the program in the biggest story of the past week the leaders of the u.s. and north korea hailed the historic summit as a success. to establish a new relationship between the countries pledged to end its nuclear weapons program in exchange for a security guarantees although no timeline was given plus washington promised to end its joint military drills with south korea. we have developed a very special bond. north korea best not make any more threats to the united states they will be met with fire and fury and
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have mad men out there shooting rockets all over the place you will have no choice but to totally destroy north korea rocket man is a sick puppy. a frightened dog barks louder i will surely indefinitely tame the mentally deranged us doted with fire. this is true is proven over and over again and can indeed become friends both very honored to sign the document thank you. today we had a new story meeting and decided to leave the past behind we're very proud of what took place today and it worked out for both of us far better than anybody even predicted it's an honor to be with you.
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well powers were quick to respond to the talks china said history was made at the summit south korea also held what it sees as a new way forward and foreign policy chief said the meeting showed that the removal of nuclear weapons from the korean peninsula was achievable japan though said pressure needed to be kept on the north until concrete steps towards disarmament was seen. while these singapore summit saw trump promise to guarantee the north security pyongyang might have reason to remain wary as more and explains what's not to like
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a new nuclear disarmament deal potentially one less country with nukes where all bets are off all of us and we have this truly historic moment on film. for the nation. on earth. so why does kim jong jr seem to suspicious could be anything poison assassins' or trump just waiting to backstab him the united states will withdraw from the iran nuclear deal come to think of it america's nuclear deals to seem to last exactly as long as the incumbent president take the rainy and deal brock obama his partner has worked on it for years so much work so much effort just for trump to tear it all up
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don't forget obama negotiated directly one of the worst disasters the dumbest deals ever negotiated except don't feel sorry for obama just yet george bush his predecessor also struck a nuclear disarmament deal with gadhafi the two leaders discussed this agreement should help to bring a painful chapter in the history between our two countries closer to closure. it worked gadhafi gave up his nukes and what does a bomber do well he goes and bombs gadhafi is army alternately allowing the rebels to gruesomely him we came we saw that he died. it's almost like something out of game of thrones and we aren't even done bush screwed over bill clinton stop and roll back north korea's potentially deadly nuclear
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program we'll continue to implement the agreement we have reached with that nation get smart it's tough clinton had worked for years to make a deal with kim jong un's father to prevent then north korea from making a nuclear weapon and bush tore it up as seems to be tradition north korea is a regime arming with missiles and weapons of mass destruction. while starving. states like these and their terrorist allies constitute an axis of evil trump is one for tradition in fact he has a habit of tearing up documents memos people as when he's done with them he had a bunch of guys at the white house whose job it was to piece back together the people he shouldn't have torn up we literally had to spin our workers per
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day in peace and together the puzzle to tell you can and here we are generations of presidents generations of betrayal double crossing and deception and it seems that hasn't been lost on kim. a nine year old british girl has been placed in rehab over an addiction to online gaming her parents say she was playing for ten hours a day without taking a break. i came in question is the online multiplayer survival game for tonight which has taken the world by storm one hundred players have dropped onto a virtual island but only one can make it off is incredibly popular with over forty
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million downloads since it was launched last july with the parents of the nine year old a calling for its ban. we had no idea when we let her play the game of the said dick to nature or the impact it will have on her mental health this is a serious issue which is destroying our little girl's life and someone needs to step in to been there before it becomes an epidemic the developers behind fortnight have yet to comment on the incident is not the first case of gaming addiction the world health organization has already classified the condition as a mental disorder and said many addicted to video games we put the issue up for debate with psychology expert gina newton and former hacker. son who's fourteen and . she plays for him and i see him played a lot the great thing about as i see him interacting with kids all over the world there are lots of ways to communicate with people around the world other than video games and our children are losing a little bit of a site as to what's real and what's maybe virtual i think video games are part of
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our culture now that the story that broke recently of annoying your old was how to have because of being on form are we not blame the parents i don't blame the children because puter games all bought i just don't see the use of them i don't see how they're productive there is such a tendency to spend so much time on the computer at least that studies show that the more time they spend in front of a computer or on their phones the more likely they are to have depression and other mental disorders experiences studies by the university of california for example in twenty fifteen where computer games are actually being found tarnishing increased memory especially in three d. games there are many ways to increase memory certainly pen to paper a pencil to paper all sorts of memory games that you can play with a book think games also can teach that you know it's warm watching a movie that can be good to be a study is all about being sensible you know if your kids on it for many many hours
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and there's a problem if a child grows up. overtime hours is going to be a problem so it's just about moderation i think it's just sensible use of the time interacting socially though is a really important thing that children are losing you know they start to feel like their friends live in their computer when indeed those are real people those are real friends that are in their lives especially with children in their in their young formative years for their brains are still developing with the increased risks of mental problems because of it i see no reason to you know make video games part of that when they are just all together not necessary. now facebook seems to be running out of options and it's long battle with fake news the company has gone from human fact checkers to an automated system but now it's back to hiring real people again donald a quarter explains why in the never ending crusade against fake news facebook has
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come full circle it's now hiring so-called news credibility specialists to presumably look through and determine the fake from the truth was the can individuals with a passion for journalism who believe in facebook's mission of making the world more connected as a member of the team you'll be told with developing a deep expertise in facebook news credibility program after media outlets picked up on facebook's new position the social media giant took down that ad re uploading it with a few tweaks and a new title news publisher specialist yeah that raises less questions but wait a second a person deciding what info you should get on social media haven't we seen that before this is just a system that they put in place that allows people to inflate news sports news into the trending topics and and also suppress news. that's the one in twenty sixteen facebook fired employees apparently after pressure over liberal bias in their
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trending feed every once and one of the red states will conservative news source would have a story but we would have to go and find the same story from a moon neutral outlet then they put an algorithm in charge but that didn't go as planned either with the technology accused of being ineffective and biased within days fake news started trending and they even recently shut down the feature altogether from research we found that over time people found the product to be less and less useful perhaps in deciding what's credible and what's not it makes no difference whether an algorithm or a person does it especially if zuckerberg wants his brainchild to be more than a one sided platform i am i am very committed to making sure that facebook is a platform for all ideas that is a very important founding principle of what we do well then problem solved no need for news credibility specialists after all donald quarter r.t.
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. the russian world cup is doing business from all over the globe and according to pictures appearing online chapa seem to be arriving from even further a failed in this video shot outside moscow you can see a bright white object tearing through the night sky is clearly not a plane or a comet some of the images were captured in towns and cities across central and northern russia sparking remiss of an alien invasion. they exist i knew them. l.o.l. finally returns i missed you. on the international but even alien friends are coming to the world cup twenty eight c. . and fortunately for us both sponsors the russian space agency has a different explanation the light in the sky was in fact the soyuz rockets which launched from that place yet. in the far north. of the news
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pipeline it will take over the top of the hour with more so to say with us. joining me every thursday on the all excitement show and i'll be speaking to the world of politics. i'm sure i'll see you. kentucky. boy if you're going to st families are you know you're. a co money city with no coal mines left. the jobs are gone all the pay was to show. that it was a love to see these people the survivors of disappearing before their eyes.
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i remember thinking when i was younger that if anything ever happened to the coal mines here that it would become a ghost town but i never thought in a million years i would see that and it's how it's happened. to her. a lot of welcome to worlds apart x. tribe this is in addition to our regular show interest focus on the people behind the story is if asked to name the most a process soviet the russian leader joseph stalin is likely to be among the first
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to come up the great terror of the nineteen thirty still haunts this country with millions executed by santa the girl what is much less known is that barely a year before the purges began stalin sought to well for the lack of a better war democratize the soviet society and the society pushed back against that these paradoxes of soviet power came to life thanks to the work of an american academic from maryland who were found here. northeast russia almost nine thousand kilometers away from the old lines they. are. samantha long is an assistant professor at the state university has been teaching here on an almost six years in the morning she's trying to expand her students'
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english vocabulary by discussing beauty and fashion in the afternoon she scours the local archives in search of documents which shut the light on a much happier subject the early years of this. i wouldn't be surprised to find a graduate from the state university teaching at the university of pittsburgh but i think the opposite is still quite exotic how did you up here well i started writing my dissertation on the one nine hundred thirty six constitution and when i looked in the archives in moscow there was just an overwhelming amount of material so i needed to focus on the region and one of the regions i found a lot of material from lescure of funding was a little bit difficult to come by it's not necessarily the most sexy topic you say no to sex a topic but i think it's a very counter-intuitive topic on many levels how did the idea pop into your well
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there's a difference actually how i came to them like constitution and stalin seem like two things that shouldn't go check out there so i wanted to see what this was about how serious a project this was whether it was really just a propaganda exercise as it had been described or if there was something a little bit more substantive now the stalin era is one of the most extensively researched areas of the soviet history and it's also the wind up with a lot of accept the conventions. this was strictly to tally terror in state where everything was decided top bottom line here you are coming out with a book suggesting the stuff and actually tried to encourage what he saw at least as genuine political participation why would he need something like well russia is very very big and at the time it had incredibly poor infrastructure and very few members of the communist party in rural areas to govern it so governing desirous
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empire of the soviet union and modern russia has always been difficult simply because of the expanse and the fact that the population is not densely settled russia has a very peculiar relationship between people in power and it's usually assumed the leadership suppresses the people's demands for rights but i take it from your book that in the case of the nineteen thirty six constitution it was actually the other way around that stalin was actually more liberal and progressive society could take yeah i was quite surprised when i was looking at particularly scorpius which is the right hew whew. the ability to have rights when you stand trial to not be arrested without the sanction of the prosecutor etc people were not interested in that that was something that was designed as part of actually reforms to get away from this revolutionary reality legality and sort of equal. implementation of both
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punishment and arrests and people weren't interested people had a lot of problems with crime in the countryside and it tended to be crime that the state didn't prioritize things like drunken beating fast hooliganism that post a real threat arson to people's daily lives prioritized so they one of the ability to arrest people that destabilized their lives on the spot now you told me before the. people in academia really advise you against using the word democracy when it comes to stalinist russia because they include this notion of civil society that is central to today idea of democracy but. what you're describing just there wasn't talent terrorism about point of time either there was somebody in moscow with a limit the security apparatus and the rest of the country was essentially a lot of self governance is that an accurate. hereon ism as in general has sort
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of been debunked within the academia simply because more regional studies have proved that they simply didn't have the manpower or the infrastructure to monitor people frequently you know i look at collective farms where they have seen district level officials once every one or two years so the rest of the time they're busy doing whatever they want on their own people in the west would see stalin's after it's to encourage this. popular participation as a sham because they would think that genuine democracy would be of the impediment to his. with what you're saying. it may have been quite the opposite that he saw it as a means of strengthening his power simply because again as you said he didn't have enough resources and enough manpower to reach every little corner for he actually gives an interview with roy howard in which he discusses his views on democracy he
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sees it as a whip in the hands of the people to deal with incompetent local officials he encourages them to be active to root out those who are not doing a good job he says you know this person is not building a school if this is gertie if they are not providing the services tell us vote this person out because moscow simply didn't have the resources to monitor every single district and region so there was this notion of political accountability oh very much so now i know that stalin himself was the head of the constitutional commission he personally worked on the drafts making edits i believe you started some of this. have you been able to draw any ideas about his own psychological profile based on things that he you know kept in took out not necessarily his psychological profile but he tended to be more practical than
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the other drafters of the original draft was written by a couple of states and it tends to include a lot of very ideological things for example there was a clause in there that parents should teach their children to hate capitalists. stalin and moves that because it's not really constitutional material a lot of the things he pulled out tend to reappear in legislative initiatives things like the number of hours people should work that sort of thing this constitutional was adopted barely a year before the great terror of which so a millions of people either executed or son to the gulags. whenever the subject comes up in russia always some terrorist on stalin and much less so on the. role the society at large played in allowing that to happen or even facilitating. the whole process having spawn so much time citing the correspondence between you know ordinary people and their leaders do you think these progressive constitution offers an insight into the horrors that followed directly after well i know that
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the one nine hundred thirty seven repression is one of the reasons that scholars often cite to deal with the constitution you said how can you be serious about democracy if you then turn around violate everyone's rights and kill a bunch of people my research has shown that. certainly there were instances in the provinces of people using their new constitutional rights in ways that were threatening to the local power structure so having these new locus of power people were asking to open up churches people were collecting money to bring back priests and so a lot of this is genuinely threatening to the locals and so they certainly would like to get rid of them and arch getty has postulated that you see a lot of pushback from the regional bosses who are threatened by the opening up of the one nine hundred thirty six constitution and that leads to repression how much is that process or for oppression driven from the center and how much is it locally was it locally mission well the thing is that the repression is sort of
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multi-pronged you have for example actions against national minorities that tends to be mostly driven because they already have catalogs of these people they've been watching a lot of the national minorities and those also tend to be religion national security issues you know particularly poles koreans. in this area people from the baltic states are often monitored then you also have the center just simply giving large quotas of the numbers of people that need to be arrested. and they let the locals decide who fills that quota but interestingly enough by nine hundred thirty nine or nine hundred forty most of them have had their sentence commuted and they're back in another position of power that's interesting i heard some western scholars complain of the haphazard nature of access to the archives i wonder if you needed any f.s.b. clearance for about do you have you ever gotten. back to an american spy well
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people joke about it i've been told that i'm a very nice spy well most of the spies are usually very nice they have to go into group graces with people it's never been a problem in the archives part of it maybe my topic the constitution isn't particularly political right now and my current work for this is on collective farms which again is not sensitive if i was doing something on the secret police or even the second world war it may be a little bit different but here they've been great with access. much of samantha research focuses on the correspondence between the locals and the central authorities in moscow which was more direct than some would expect while the newspapers of the time filled with the praise of sylvia the chairman's individual letters often focused on the failures. we have a question. for. all the people who are contemporary. one of the very good reception benefiting from. if the soviet union didn't like to document
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everything i wouldn't have anything to work with and everything that they've documented lets me see various aspects of people's lives for example the people there feel the ridge here in one nine hundred thirty four he's given a prize of a thousand roubles for his good work but later nine hundred thirty six he's considered a suspect person so you can see how you. standings change based on their successful implementation of economic plans different changes in policy and you can see these people rise and fall and fortunes reviews documents what is it like as a researcher to work around with documents like this i mean it would it be fair to describe them as a treasure trove or is it something pretty fair condition well i'm always excited by them. it's sometimes people think i'm odd because michael may come up with this beautiful document and they're like it's about harvest to sticks. do you think anyone before you or you were. not on this one but on this one
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this is actually larry he's the guy invited me to cure up and he put his book on education in documents so you can see right here in the front everybody who's worked on it and even sometimes which pages they've used and his own way of the americans who come here and look at this one the morning this fellow is russian. one nine hundred seventy nine. fifty. five. the idea from.

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