tv Sophie Co RT November 5, 2018 1:30pm-2:00pm EST
the united states has announced as was told from the historic nuclear arms treaty with russia how serious of a setback for two countries relations and global security. contributing editor of the nation magazine professor emeritus at princeton university and author of the book war with russia stephen calling. congress. for
a new face to face meeting. out of the. cold war. it doesn't. seem uncommon contributing editor of the nation magazine professor emeritus as a christian university welcome to the show great to have you with us as usual it's been a while the things change so we've got a lot to talk about i mean last time trump and putin met in helsinki. there were such big hopes there really really big hopes. that something would come out of that relations will improve but not much really came out of the summit and got a lot of flack at home for a meeting there were russian leader i mean it's hard to expect a major breakthrough this time around in paris what do you think. there's a big struggle everybody knows about it going on in washington over trump's policy tour. russia. it would seem and this is been the case i think you and i talked back
then when he was a candidate that he said he wanted to cooperate with russia we used to call that detente and that's been pretty much his policy overall policy since he became president but he's also done contradictory things and the question is are these contradictory things the result of his own inability to be a consistent leader or are people in washington preventing him from doing what he wants to do with russia that's the big question at the moment what do you think is it him is it is it he's like a mask of. portraying himself as someone who appreciates putin but then you know behind the doors he does whatever he does or is it really he's helpless and he has to do what that ministration tells them to do. well i guess i've been following for soviet in a russian american relations for nearly forty years i don't put
a lot of weight or importance on whether the two leaders like each other or not the real question is do they see in the other a partner a partner for their own politics a partner for their own national security that so for whatever reason trump thinks it's extremely important to have a detente like relationship with putin now remember one thing it's forgotten here the three major episodes of the time and in the twentieth century were all done by republican presidents correct eisenhower nixon and reagan trump is a republican president maybe a strange republican who but a republican so he's in the republican tradition on the other hand you have him in washington today i think more than i've ever seen in my long adult lifetime following this such demonization of russia and putin in particular but such any
russian feelings and lobbies with almost no pro russians. lobby that trump looks to be almost alone look what happened when he withdrew from the i.n.f. treaty this was a big stuff this was a washout war and we did actually talk about ryan algerie was the reporter and the and with all in detail before we got to that you just hit it on the nose because put has been invited to visit washington in early two thousand and nineteen who what is the white house hoping to get out of this visit saying how mr putin is so demonized like by the american elite like you said and the press. here. i agree with you completely if i understand what you're suggesting to me i think it's a bad idea not that having the leader of russia and washington in general is not a good idea we remember past visits or even boom was here earlier in his leadership and we remember the welcome the gorbachev got it can be very positive but sophie i
tell you you must know sitting in moscow you must sense that we are in an unprecedented situation the bad feeling the hatred the loathing of rush or at least the kremlin or putin in the united states is so strong it's hard to imagine what's going to happen when mr putin and president putin comes there i don't think it's the greatest idea they'd probably be better off continuing to meet in foreign capitals capitals but you mentioned the treaty of trump ministration wants to pull out of the u.s. russia treaty banning shortened week range nuclear missiles but judging by the latest examples like nafta of for instance attempts to deal with north korea and the tariff war with china transpersonal art of the deal can be described as break first and then create a problem and then find a solution on his terms in case of iran after eighty are we seeing the same game play out here. maybe i think you're right it is possible we don't know if this
decision announced to leave and trump announced it and then his national security advisor john bolton announced it again and moscow so our lee appears that the united states is going to submit the documents i think you have to give six months prior warning according to the treaty that you're withdrawing so i you're right it may be part of a quote strategy or an art of the deal as you say to renegotiate the treaty in a way that washington thanks morse makes more sense but let us focus on the moment sophie because you know this because your grandfather was involved in this edvard shover nazi in one thousand nine hundred eighty seven thirty years ago thirty one years ago. president reagan and then soviet leader gorbachev did something historic that has never been done since they abolished an entire category of nuclear weapons now you an army think that nuclear abolitionism getting rid of all nuclear
weapons however wonderful that idea is never going to happen but imagine remember the precedent set thirty years ago when the two leaders of the two nuclear superpowers abolished for the first time then and ever and the entire category of nuclear weapons so that was the first act of nuclear abolitionism what troopers done now is abolish that president of abolitionism so symbolically politically strategically historically this is a turning point if they're serious about this and we ought to hope that they're not that they want to new treaty in its place that might include china that might include weapons that russia is developing right also so don't miss the historic moment so for the let's let's let's go through that indeed how about for us i just want to point out to some of the russian military people and politicians here believe that the treaties related to nuclear disarmament where unfair and were
signed on bad conditions during hard times in russia's history but now surprisingly we see the american establishment also says dan after a day is unfair or so they say because it damages national security has this treaty really run its course has it lost its value today like he said maybe a new treaty is needed actually instead. i will give up my point that what was done in one thousand nine hundred seven signed in and implemented abolishing these weapons was historic absolutely a story a precedent that gave us hope for the future now i agree with one thing that bolton sad because it's true when gorbachev and reagan and your grandfather participated very centrally in that decision in one hundred eighty seven we were in a bar lateral nuclear world and today we're in a multilateral move clear world that is back then only through superpowers had
these kind of weapons now a lot of countries maybe as many as six seven eight have the so-called intermediate range weapons so the treaty only affected two countries but if somebody needs repair but it's good you try to fix it i mean if you have an illness you go to a doctor you don't commit suicide you say to the doctor let's fix it or you have a car that store runs well but it needs a new carburetor you replace the carburetor you don't jump the car so the question is yes there are complications with the treaty but it is so important why not bring in china or try to or why not agree with moscow that is my plants in violation to their that is my point because you hear it in the americas and they bade and sergey lazarro sat that the real reason for the u.s. withdrawal from the end of treaties actually chinese made range missiles which the
u.s. sees as a threat to its position in asia pacific is strong by was drawing from this treaty hoping to put some pressure on china really not russia. maybe and you're right and whoever you quoted is right china we cause it is still operating as a regional power not as a global power it's a merging as a global power but it's still operating to preach to egypt lee as a regional power likes these missiles now let's remind your audience what these missiles are they are called intermediate range it's a little bit what does it mean intermediate well there are these battleground tactical nuclear weapons there are like artillery shells short range then there are these monsters we all know about from the movies that can fly from russia the united states and united states to russia those are intercontinental and the intermediate range is like i forget the kilometers but in miles bike five hundred
miles to five thousand miles so basically they target in europe that's where they were based in europe was the bull's eye and the politics of getting rid of them was centered in europe as it will now be again but china now comes to this story newly so any agreement would have to include china would that be hard it would be very hard but given the close relationship between russia and china today it's possible why not try and the answer is because of the politics not the security thing but the politics in washington today in one word i am this month publishing the new book called war with russia with a question mark and the theme of the book and i put it in personal terms is that the first time in my long life at least since the cuban missile crisis of one thousand nine hundred eighty two i think there's a real chance a war between the united states and russia and we can't assume that if that happens
it won't end in nuclear war so that's why this moment you and i are discussing sophie is so important well on them. a dire note hold your thought there were going to take a short break we'll be back with stephen cohen contributing editor of the national magazine professor emeritus at princeton university talking about the implications of the u.s. withdrawal from the i naturally for the global security stay with us. join me every first week on the alex salmond show and i'll be speaking to guest of the world of politics or business i'm show business i'll see you then.
maybe you can just maybe there is some hope for yemen and globalist suffered a major defeat in brazil and much much more on this edition of crossfire. there's no break here and no one to know why says terrorists. memories. twenty four years ago this country song a real end of the world. after the genocide there in the old women in rwanda.
children women to fix the broken. we're back with cohen contributing editor of the nation magazine professor amaretto at princeton university talking about tensions we. were talking about china partially why hasn't this deal i enough been proposed to china so far i mean u.s. national security as a drum paulton says russia and the u.s.
need to hold strategic talks about china missiles which pose a potential threat to russia as well that's what is that that's how he put it do you think maybe washington is seeking to. against each other. well you will remember or i i don't want to make you older than you are you you won't remember but you've read about it that during the nixon year or as the idea was to play the so-called china card against the soviet union to china toward washington and away from moscow in the rest there is no china card any longer the old kissinger idea that you could play off china against russia is gone russia and china are becoming perhaps historic allies economically politically militarily strategically this has happened due to a lot of factors however you're right i mean china now has to
be included in any new nuclear arms arrangements that involve these regional intermediaries in the media in missiles my own feeling is that the struggle over china policy in washington is almost as intense over russia policy though it's less so because of our dependence on trade with china the real question in my mind is what the russian leadership wants to do now if they really want to save this treaty it's the kremlin i mean the putin leadership that could negotiate first with china about whether china would join but here's the problem solve all international politics is reaction. reaction to a perceived threat if china perceives itself as being threatened by american strategic power in its region it is never going to give up these regional warheads
and missiles so russia in my mind becomes the key actor here and we will see i just don't mean you have let's be honest you have in moscow not you personally but russia has people who are very happy about what trump did they want to build these weapons anew and we have the same kind of people in washington who are happy who want to build these weapons and no i don't know the political situation in china but to a certain extent there is a lot of political or financial power behind any decisions that leads to building more weapons and we're already in a new nuclear arms filled defense a lot will we be and then there really are aryans the europeans and they really are unhappy about the us to the point fearing that they will once again become right are again the miss elliston of america can europeans flat out refuse to play as american weapons on their territory for once in their lives can they do something
on their own well back in the one nine hundred eighty s. it was the europeans where american missiles were these missiles were based and which were targeted by the russian intermediate range missiles the ones that the treaty got rid of that are now coming back it was european politics that was partially driving the the detente the disarmament forces now what do you see first of all we have to have question. washington calls european nato countries our allies did trump consult with european leaders before he left history doesn't seem so secondly you're right the europeans are upset they don't like it they're protesting why because they know they will be targeted so you raise a central question will european politics now play a role and what happens and i would mention only one thing to you what we say if we sit back and look at the bigger picture is europe's lonely drifting away from
washington in regard to russia everybody says oh it's trump it's because he's such a bad president this began long before trial it began partly over syria where russia turned out to be corrupt so the question is will this new step by trump to leave a treaty that protected europe it did protect europe in the absence of these missiles these weapons will this now further push europe away from washington and continue its drive politically i mean for moscow this is very important as well so the trumpet ministration has actually done much more than just the withdrawal announced withdrawal from the i.m.f. treaty to annoy europeans think iran do collapse made the europeans suffer as well now the i.m.f. collapse makes them less safe like you sat there some of
a trade war which will hit the e.u. harder that it will hit america has occurred and ministration gotten into a habit of scoring points and europe's expense the united states under many presidents has a long and growing have of breakin its treaty and other promises now the united states says it's going to leave a treaty again. after all the united states left the even more important antiballistic missile treaty bush withdrew in two thousand and two that was the bedrock of russian and american national security that was folly that's what led to this deployment of missile defense on russia's borders that was what led to russia developing the kind of missile that washington is now complaining about it goes back to two events that are historical but also contemporary the decision by clinton to move nato eastward toward russia and bush's decision to leave the
antiballistic missile treaty in two thousand and two everything has a history but would grow but reagan did with the help of your grandfather when he was foreign minister was to establish a new kind of trust thirty years ago it's gone it's gone in a more dangerous world now. and then there is that and then you start treaty i know it's bad news the treaty about strategic nuclear missiles that expires in two thousand and twenty one you know back in two thousand and seventeen says that they deal was one sided and bad so i'm sure the i.m.f. treaty is almost dad can the start treaty be dumped as well. so you know you're getting me very upset because you're right you're pointing out where all this may lead we're talking today about one treaty the trump you know the struggle over this leaving the i.m.f. may not be over as you said maybe it's a bargain ploy are the deal by trial and let's assume it's over it obviously is
going to raise questions about the you know whether the united states on the one hand will want to renegotiate the start treaty that has to start soon but to the point i just made sophie in moscow among serious people not crazy people who don't want any agreements with the west but serious people they're going to ask again can we trust the united states to add here to any treaty it signs including a new start treaty so a kind of cloud of mistrust and suspicion and uncertainty has come over the one element of our law gives its axis to that is nuclear weapons so you're right we don't know i'm just also trying to figure out the thinking behind all of this right so in a context where they i now have to start all this treaties were born out of mutual necessity out of mutually assured destruction threat philosophy. and it's not going
to be there anymore with these deals now in question do you think america is not concerned about the russian nuclear threat anymore is this also what it's all about you know when i was writing this book wondering that came to my mind that i had noticed but as i thought about it it hit me loud and clear that a generation ago. we worried about nuclear weapons and nuclear war all the time just look at the movies that were made back then in russia and in the united states the fear of the apocalypse the fear that somehow intentionally or unintentionally a nuclear war would in civilization i mean our kids grew up with that it was part of our lives we don't hear much about it i don't know in russia but in the united states we haven't heard much about it for the last fifteen or twenty years this begins with clinton when he tells us because the soviet union is gone everything's
great well everything wasn't great and everything got worse but there's not in the united states and hasn't been i would say for fifteen or twenty years this concern about nuclear weapons russian and american that something could go horribly wrong now here if we're looking for a bright spot and it's desperation on my part maybe were trump has done withdrawing from this really important treaty that protected all of us will rouse in the united states. a remembrance and a reef aching about the danger of nuclear war for example we used to have in american politics a very strong so called anti nuke movement at the grassroots people rank and file said citizens ordinary citizens who participated in politics against nuclear weapons that disappear that movement might what trump has done real
awake or bring that movement back in america maybe we don't see it yet well maybe the keyword here and also like in the first half of the interview that the arms race is already going on he actually mentioned this in your latest book as well war with russia so last time we took several decades of nuclear arms race and a couple of scary incidents before us and soviet leaders came to realize that nukes must be limited and controlled are we in for a rough ride for the next few decades again and we are we going to repeat history before us and russia will actually come to their senses and reach another agreement . well once again you're way ahead of me with the right questions those are the right questions do we have tom you go through a generation of consciousness raising before we now deal with these nuclear threats my answer would be no we do not have to go on and explain i hope why in
this new book i have because this new cold war is very different and more dangerous than was the preceding cold war personally i think and this gets me attacked in the united states that putin is such a leader that he is ready and willing for a grand detente with the united states but he's so mistrusted in the united states it's not clear that there's any american leader who would embrace putin as a partner though it seems trump wants to do so so that really how we're right on our buy i really hope you're right there is no our terms of steve that's all the time we have unfortunately for today thank you once again for this wonderful interview it's a pleasure as usual we're expecting you there sometime soon in moscow take aerosols say had a catherine we were talking to steam cohen contributing editor of the nation magazine professor emeritus at princeton university and author of the book war with russia discussing what the u.s. pullout from the an afternoon will mean for global stability that's it for this
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