tv Documentary RT December 26, 2018 10:30pm-11:01pm EST
the justice department said today the inmate population of federal and state prisons in this country is at an all time high. the public sees a need for more prisons because crime is the number one concern to people in this thing. too many inmates in not enough space. in their crime another. one hundred already have and i'm with this stuff to. make somebody in america look at all of this going to prison time going or just want to. die. but are going to die. a shocking new number was released today and it deserves our undivided attention one out of every one hundred americans is now behind bars walked up with prison or
in jail. the most important thing. as to talk from your heart if you have more than one child give a like an overall message but then do an individual one to each child throw them a kiss or talk to them about what you do daily the rest should be just you if you've written a poor we've had people pray we've had people saying one guy showed his little boy how to shoot baskets be creative. these are gifts to your children. the families are punished right along with. they have found people don't think so but the collateral consequences of somebodies incarceration affects not just that whole family but it affects the whole community and affects you as an individual or the
you know whether or not and whether you know that person or not that's incarcerated . to pay inform. you should care. i have a background in film and video as a producer and i thought there's got to be something i can do so why not combine my career and my experience with the present system and come up with something for these kids. in that camera. and that they can look at them and say. you know this isn't your fault you did nothing wrong it means . many of these men and women it's the first time they've really taken responsibility which is huge and that's a first step in recovery of any kind. is to take responsibility for. but even with before we. are ready to serve everybody that.
i was going to go to the movie i'm going to do the best they can to stay out of this booth. job for. them gratis. it's been the way. this was you guys know the numbers can we be with. the. next chapter. from one thousand twenty to one thousand nine hundred seventy this whole half century of american history the rate of incarceration was roughly level or about one hundred ten per one hundred thousand. and this is a broad span of our history this is because the ruling twenty's and prohibition the
depression and all the social change the world war two the post-war economic boom the the fifty's the explosion of suburbia the sixty's and all the social turbulence through this whole period the rate of incarceration is roughly level in the united states at about one hundred ten four hundred times and this reflects you know the policies of police departments and prosecutors and judges operating all over the country in the local and state level and then in the one nine hundred seventy this all changes so that by now the rate of incarceration issue why just over seven hundred and three requests are issue for african-americans is over four thousand four hundred dollars and so you have to wonder how does what she why did this half century of stability get ended with this dramatic increase in harsh reaction in spades america's public enemy number one in the united states is
drug abuse once the federal government decided that we're going to have the war on drugs they were able to then take a lot of money from the federal budget and send it out states celtic's vireo. the need for money to deal with this problem i am glad that in this year ministration we have increased the amount of money for handling the problem of dangerous drugs seven it will be six hundred million dollars this year more money will be needed in the future and virtually everybody thought the drug war was the number one issue and so you had politicians in both parties and you know district attorneys and elected sheriff everybody wanted to get in to drug cases and get aggressive about new laws to punish the new agents to arrest the new prosecutors to convict them
and new prisons to hold them. we move the train when i was very young when we moved here we moved you know to mill a home we used to always roll up and down the hallways of course it was the projects so sometime we will sneak up on the roof which was the top floor twelfth floor and you know look out and of course i was very scared as a young child but you know when you live in a projects it's always so much stuff that you can get into my brother was tragically killed when he was ran over by a truck and i remember pacifically going to the corner with a happen and seeing all the blood because they left all the blood still in the street the traumatic experience of losing my only brother and that truck x. and i know it had done something to me you know drugs remark that time was hard all the way because my son was doing drugs my nephews was too and drugs my niece was doing drugs my sisters with doing drugs and it was like an epidemic. of drug
abuse. and i cannot explain. i cannot explain my feelings because i had at that time i didn't know how i felt you know i was sad because i felt like they were different in their lives but there was not the not to do about. to change their lifestyle. i would say it. after my brother passed away i kind of withdrew from a lot of things i didn't talk as much i was very quiet all probably as early as my teenage years oh twelve thirteen years old you know i started sneaking a drink in a little bit here and there started smoking marijuana at a very young age i started all selling drugs in you know he came right along with. the family you tend to trust family when i first saw him and that was in the
hallway and i used to be a hopeless for monetary and out with station right in front of his locker so when i knew that he was coming to his locker i would put my hands up in like black youth way. so he would have to say excuse me something in at that we started talking we got to know each other you know at the walk in our home many times in and out over our house. you know my home. was a really home compared to her house margaret grew up with her parents before the parents all the nice decent house great mother great father. something that i didn't have and i started you know just being around her a lot and being around family law and next thing you know you know i was pretty much you know once we started going to get i was pretty much as they were in our house and they were two years old i was pretty much stay in there because my mom
was on drugs she lost she knew i was there she really didn't have a problem with it but a kindness started you know living this day with margaret and a very young age. by the time i was sixteen seventeen i was fully engulfed in the drug game and it is only was so big for this. and seven point five square miles so a lot of rumors a stylus britain along to the train detectives back then they had to take to that one high school and they kind of got to know me very well and i guess they relayed that information to the trade narcotics and they started watching me and follow me around the stuff like that and i remember the first time that they that they raided my house i wasn't there but my mother was near and i was i think i just turned seventeen and um they locked her up and i got a phone call saying that you know your mother was locked up and they want you to turn yourself in. so i ventured i turned myself in a seventeen i let my mother go and i first time ever going in joe i went to you
found because i was an eighteen i was only supposed to juvenile still in high school and we missed the prom. was when i got out i remember the detective telling me that you know as soon as i turned eighteen and it was going to come back and give me and if i didn't straighten out my life that first spears would be nothing compared to why other experiences in jail because then i would be over eighteen and i would be going into a dull facility. most historians look at the origin of the war on drugs as something of president nixon with his speeches and his creation of of the d.n.a. and other agencies in the one nine hundred seventy s. but the war on drugs as we understand it with food nor enormous case loads and and in and filled up prison population is really a feature of the one nine hundred eighty s. under president reagan drugs are menacing our society they're threatening our
values and undercutting our institutions they're killing our children under reagan there was a tremendous increase in federal spending for anti drug activity cabinet level efforts and congress creating very powerful new laws on day two of a new campaign against drugs the president backed up a tough talk with action for getting tough on drugs and we mean business it's almost like overnight we had discrete idea what we go after the users. and that's what we did we started going after the users in a prison populations who are. obviously there far more users than her operations major operations and. we started treating sick people people who were did drugs like a member talking to my grandmother and having a conversation with her about my life and how far i had fallen she said to me you know jason will always pray for you and i'm going to pray that you change your life around. the one of the days that she said that stuck with me. you know god is going
to find dark is our only there when you realize who you truly your and i heard her but i really didn't hear her. and i left her house that they skip and then it went right back out into the street. i remember going to new york on the cob coming back from new york coming down route one coming through your county we had drugs in the car and we had a gun in the car. and i remember me. i stopped at a light and get now the switching drivers i got around to the passenger side and she took the driver's seat and not knowing that it was a cop car right behind us so once again i didn't want to go to court i was going to trial i told my laura that you know we just have to try to get all the charges pushed together give me one so does the big old too much time not my life i remember pacifically the judge sits in joe's told me. no limit to tom losing.
and he said tracy you could bring to the one nine hundred eighty you know you can begin again in one nine hundred eighty eight he said come back before me for the third time in the third time is going to be a chore. well i think it certainly makes sense for for moscow to think. in its contacts with the united states i just fear that the dominant view in this city is that it is merely impossible until the united states kind of settle this domestic divide environment and in these seas you know i hate to see this. work toxic but that's exactly what it is and then i think it's in a way. you know you're damned if you do when you're down if you don't.
when our mine when the content of our mind. changed there are fees. of the level of the physiology that is at the level of the brain the brain as a form of plasticity can we wire itself and not just the brain but also the rest of the body respond to. the direction two would judge to sentence can be done in to wish to say judge here's a crime and for this crime you can impose a sentence anywhere in this range from probation to some term of years imprisonment the other way is to say judge you must impose some minimum number of years or months of imprisonment and go up from there so
a mandatory minimum this is a sentence where no matter how minor the role of the offender no matter how insignificant a violation of this crime it is a minimum term must be imposed mandatory minimum sentences are not new they've been on the books in this country for two hundred years and there are about one hundred ninety of them or something and if you look at them they read like the crimes issue or so you can see what the public was concerned about and then congress took that concern and translated it into law until it sensing legislation so piracy on the high seas in like seven hundred ninety s. a life without parole robbing banks and crossing state lines in one nine hundred thirty four was you know ten years of prison skyjacking in the seventy's for us ten or twenty years in prison and so you can see the you know what was the point the headlines were the headlines were translated into a mandatory sentence and so in the eighty's when drugs became
a big deal and lots of concern about drugs it was in the top three of public concern congress reacted by creating new mandatory minimum sentences for drug crimes what congress sent to president bush was five years minimum five grams of crack cocaine grams like sweet. minimum is fifty grand of crack cocaine that's like the weight of a kid. these are tiny quantity. it's all based on one factor your sense you know how what was a drug and how much of it did you have and that determines your sentence so culpability no longer really plays a major role in a person's a person sentence when the crime carries a mandatory minimum when president reagan signed the mandatory minimums in ninety six the federal prison population was thirty six thousand. now it's well over two hundred thousand this is a growth that no one could have imagined mass incarceration in the us is really
unique in human history there is no democratic nation that's ever tried to have such a mass social experiment as we've done in incarceration and we've got more prisoners than any other country in the world and over by rate and numbers i mean i find it a bit disturbing that we have more prisoners than china and they have a billion more people than we do i don't think it gives people an eye when they hear that we have twenty five percent of the world's prison population and only five percent of the world's population in other words we are way over incarcerating compared to any other country in the world. had allowed. somebody is a story here a line and the police found it and they came after me i ended up literally holding the bag. i knew nothing about the criminal justice system you know here i
was this middle class. career never even a parking ticket and it was quite a surprise when i went to court and i had that kind of time marijuana. and i was charged with possession of marijuana with the intent to distribute and i got a conspiracy to murder i received a total of fifty five year prison sentence the judge suspended all but six i was fortunate enough. to do. make first parole and i actually saw her act in prison fourteen months and the moon. is the cards that we've put in with the messages and asked the families to respond so we've gotten some really good responses and this one was three fam up three members of the family viewed it . and we ask what were the ages of the children who saw it should just want to put sex. she says an extremely meaningful for the daughter of the mother who was
incarcerated she loved it. we all did. and this one said what did the message mean to your family to know their family was ok and it's a huge part these children want to know that their families i mean their mom or dad so ok one there's just soul shall want to say no it's been three years since each of you seen. mr jones looms gravely regime here is that you don't read. those i'm sure folks just very good enough to join the phone anyone else in the family of doug schoen a photo of you to the fold has been meeting. the role of the august news west through for years going on the last. go. swan say the. very first.
they said is me to one year administrative segregation and administrative segregation is twenty three hour long the locked up twenty three hours each day you come out for half hour hour and a half hour. i know a bit of all a person. at that time i was treated like one and were thrown persons in the world i remember going into this. i believe maybe if i buy a cell. i was dead or close i knew i was going to be there for the next year is this an experience that they're going to make your break you you're going to come out a better person are you going to come out of worship person than you were before you went in and being in a hole is mirrors and i wouldn't wish on anybody. but you locked up for twenty three hours i think you can do is my words my grandmother just kept playing over
and over again in my mind and those words was the guy was going to fire me in my darkest hour you know you know what i realize who are ritually was and when i kept hearing that because and i am at my door i am at my lowest point. and. i think right there i realized i had reached my lowest point in life and that the only on the way for me to go from here. another crime another criminal hundred already have met up with about three or was right politician focus groups in a simple crackdown the reason the criminal justice system isn't working is that we're not sending enough people in jail and keeping there long enough that people are saying in a very general way that they will lock these rascals up and keep them there for a long time during the one nine hundred eighty s. there was a major shift in the congress and in state legislatures have thout how long sentences should be the public was
a long term by increasing rates of crime from the one nine hundred seventy s. and early eighty's and they wanted longer sentences they wanted cracking down and that's what happened across the board for all kinds of crimes not only the mandatory minimum drug sentences effective all those sensing laws was not just to increase the sentences that people were exposed to so the people were serving longer time in prison than they did before it was also to take the discretion. away from the sentencing discretion away from judges and juries and shifted over to prosecutors it didn't limit discretion it just gave prosecutors. the power to determine what your sentence was going to be by making charging decisions and even by bargaining over what the facts of your case were. so it didn't mean that discretion it was eliminated from the system it just put the prosecutors in charge . amy was born in one thousand nine hundred sixty eight and she was very very shy
but by the task that in high school people can sat it in or she played basketball she made good grades high school that we went to a seventh through twelfth grade and i was kind of the little tagalong sister. me and my brother were friends and i mean my sister we're friends just kind of watch sure she was. always really friendly always really nice this is a small town and everybody knows everybody but she got in trouble we'd know about it. i had what i consider an ideal a child. at some point when i'm in college i mean guy that works for southwest times record the newspaper there in fort smith arkansas and he asked me if i would be a subject for him to go out and take some modeling photos we went to like several locations and he instilled in me that i really ought to pursue
a modeling career consider my mother says to to get you know i mean ralston moved to dallas and my gosh no you know mom wants us but she thinking was she going to do it so i think she's going to model so i created a little portfolio before i went to dallas that i could show to the modeling agencies fandy it was well brad well traveled well educated graduated stanford law school i had gone to princeton theology school so it was it was very appealing to be around somebody who. i was frankly very impressed with and so fascinated with and eight months later we were getting married at the dallas arboretum and all of our family and friends were there and it was at that point seemed like a dream come true. there were red flags before we got married there were there were frankly there were red flags all along the way sandy has what i consider to be a dual personality and that this other character would emerge whenever he drank i
don't literally had to do something radical. the only remedy to remove him from my life was for me to leave dallas i had to leave dallas and i'd leave all my friends behind and completely. move to a different city. who asked sandy. but he wouldn't leave her i just kept saying you know let's be friends let's be friends he wanted it to be more so he told me that he was going to europe and then i never heard anything for a while the word got back to me that he'd been arrested. i hadn't been in dallas in over a year of the only thing i knew to do was to book a flight to dallas to see if i could go through the house listen to the answering machine and try to piece this thing together and eventually think you're going to find out more information and while i was in the dallas house the phone rang and it
was sandy's german legal counsel who had been assigned to the case in germany and at that time he. gave me very thin details but said that he had been arrested for manufacturing ecstasy and that he wanted to reach an attorney for him there dallas it was a pretty interesting revelation but i did there was money in the safe that was in the house in dallas and i took my. i retained an attorney to go over and meet with him in germany. seven months after sandy has been arrested and i pull into the garage of my car is rushed by law enforcement people who are screaming and have a gun out and they're pointing it at my face i'm being told you know you're in hot water we know that your husband was arrested we know you know we know you visited him in germany and they said we know you have information and all you have to do is
just tell us what you know and i wasn't going to say anything because i'm literally watching these people destroy my mom's isn't somebody that i really want to confide in so i have it wasn't very long after that that my lawyer explained to me exactly what it is that my prosecutor want to say wanted her to wear a wire. and try to employ a other people people she didn't even know and. she what she refused to do it she said i don't know they speak on i'm not going to do this and this prosecutor said new year around paraphrasing you know to cooperate or will ruin your life.
so what we've got to do is identify the threats that we have it's crazy for him to let it be an arms race off and spearing dramatic developments only recently and going to resist i don't see how that strategy will be successful very critical time to sit down and talk. lethal. the words that come to call russia no one's ever no one has ever heard of a country you never even heard about most schools.
love. sleep. or. russian military conducts a public test run of a new strategic missile system. also the south british newspaper the times interviews a chechen fighting against anti. government forces in eastern ukraine he says there are members of islamic state in his ranks. develops around northern syria government forces are massing there amid fears of a turkish offensive against. these stories. will be with you just to give you the latest global news updates we'll see you back .