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tv   Documentary  RT  June 28, 2020 6:30am-7:01am EDT

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a little thing that total is a very. low what is actually. in the business on the other side isn't a. new round of morning morning you know. hollywood is the place and that idea has got the movie studios television we've got the music industry sometimes as we know it's also a place where there's a lot of propaganda. to whatever part of the the u.s. government is committed you know you can be sure that hollywood will be following
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here we're headed 12 months. out what i did find hollywood is a caught between a manufacturer which is a true. i think equally it's a propaganda factory. long after i 1st heard about it in the news i still couldn't believe this was this really how the united states sees the history of forward too but there it was the official white house page on a social network and it's clearly stated that it was america and great britain that defeated the nazis during the 2nd world war without even a word about the soviet union and the version on the official added website looks even more discouraging there it turns out that world war 2 was started by germany and the soviet union it wasn't russia but france that took the brunt of it and in fact the u.s.s.r. didn't liberate the europe from hitler but occupied it it feels like the author
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either knows nothing about history or he does and wants to rewrite it all that makes those old how would movies that were made during the war seem even more remarkable american audience was presented with a totally different picture of the world and the soviet union back there in the next 30 minutes we'll learn how history has been written and rewritten through american cinema. in 1403 at the height to ford were to the united states release mission to moscow a film about a visit to the u.s.s.r. by american ambassador joseph davis who was splayed by actor walter houston. to 90 now welcome you to the soviet union in the name of my government thank you the u.s. ambassador arrives in the u.s. sorry harboring a degree of skepticism but on the whole what he sees there and what millions of american movie goers saw along with them breaks all the stereotypes about the
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soviet government of those times we keep experimented to find ways to increase our efficiency what kind of effect is this that much different than the rest yesterday even though. it can usually be compared to. the american film might even make the u.s.s.r. look better than soviet propaganda big books and we see modern army work in factories and friendly people who speak fluent english. oh how proud i would be if i could do that well it's russian perhaps someday we shall all speak the same language if that would produce or even flirted with the idea of making a film like this they'd probably be branded as crazy but it was still possible back in the 940 s. this is one of my favorite parts and aide tells at the american ambassador mr davis we need to check your office and this is why the higher rank an american diplomat tells us and stop gossiping and stop listening to it we're here in
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a sense as guests of the soviet government not going to believe that they trust the united states to find until a prove otherwise and mazing. in fact the film a semi documentary was based on a book written by a master davis himself so we're not talking about a fictional diplomat here but a very real one who was so impressed with the soviet government that it seems he was ready to forgive a lot. of water source i q do. you wish to figure. out a photo. you know thank you. thank you. stalin got some of the spanish. seal who do plenty of those in there i believe so that history will record you as a great builder for the benefit of mankind it is not my mr davies a 5 year plans were conceived and carried out by the people themselves again this is how we would this isn't soviet propaganda the movie itself. is the purge
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trials that were taking place in the soviet union it's really apologies for the stalin this government but that was acceptable in 1943 you could do that another hollywood film from the time the north star depicts liason a soviet collective farm on the eve of the war the american audience doesn't hear a word about collectivization or the dispossession of independent farmers. the soviet thousands look well fat and are so happy they sing at the end of their work day. was the filmmakers even went to the trouble of translating the lyrics of a famous salvias song why it is my motherland and made american children learned by heart and. i.
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was. the north star it was produced by samuel goldwyn co-founder of one of hollywood's most successful film companies goldman mayer. but understand why a famous american producer shot such a blatantly propagandistic picture we need to go to the archives of the library of congress where a document from the so-called office of for information of the united states is still stored. more information was established in 1942 by the roosevelt administration was basically a propaganda effort. to listen many times to good news to the legal residents and he said tenet there let me ask you that if. franklin roosevelt knew that if he wanted to actually turn american public opinion into supporting the war
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and even more so in supporting our soviet allies during the war he was going to need to use that would. lead a lot of what he was going to davis cup one of the classes. for family always. wore. it is. glorious genius and you feel it. and. i think. sometimes the officer for information commission how they would musical comedies like this is the army which were intended to increase the prestige of military service and raise the morale of soldiers fighting overseas one of the roles in that film was played by a young actor named ronald reagan the future president of the united states. i've
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missed you too plenty. of thing i'd like to explain. that there were other orders that weren't so benevolent in 1902 after pearl harbor president roosevelt ordered the forced relocation of 120000 japanese people from the west coast of the united states is hard to believe but in those years japanese americans were simply put in buses and sent to specially created internment camps in the u.s. territory the officer for information was staffed with providing media to support this monstrous initiative. japanese fishermen had every opportunity to watch the movement of our ships. japanese farmers were living close to. the propaganda that the japanese really are going to be act on behalf of the
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japanese government has sabotaged the war effort and put arsenic in american food and blow up the defense so there was none of that with you after the war information produced various documentaries defending this practice. but the office issued very different instructions concerning the u.s.s.r. the soviet union was to be portrayed as a friend of them. in distress. in the north star and this soviet presence peaceful life is interrupted by the not seen beijing. after the germans captured the village they begin taking the children's blood for transfusions for their wounded soldiers.
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the north star was nominated for 6 academy awards and 944 according to declassified documents the office so for information and that its contribution to building a positive image of russia. in this presentation of the suffering and courage of the russians will shown that the strength of russia lies in its people who are willing to give then 9 years to keep their countrymen from fascist slavery and to ensure a free world football man. nonetheless the office did ask hollywood to make if he edits to the script 1st to emphasize that the ideologies of the u.s.s.r. and germany were completely different and this is why the conflict broke out and secondly to show through the young characteristics that the u.s. and russia can work together when peace comes. it was not an accurate portrayal of
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pain even if you've the imagination or however they did follow the state of washington and. propaganda of propaganda bill including major hollywood of the time. another pro soviet film released by hollywood during the war years called days of glory tells the story of a detachment of soviet partisans the group's leader was played by biting. nollywood actor gregory peck. gregory pack was the brad pitt of the 19 fifties and sixties he starred alongside audrey abercorn in roman holidays in 1953 and in 1962 pack won an oscar for his performance as atticus finch in the adaptation of the colt american novel ought to kill a mockingbird but the sex symbol and
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a loose star was still an unknown actor back in the $940.00 s. he's debut role the nollywood was as a solvent partisan later named lattimer or a surrogate are you a guy. thank you now some problems. new diminished of gold if not i mean i went and lived in it would be less than that sell a syria bus with a propagandist but also its. young warrior. we had to change american thinking about the soviets and we did so successfully it wasn't only hollywood that participated in the campaign to improve the soviet union image leading newspapers and magazines were also involved here for example is what the american media wrote about lattimer lenin in those years well below doesn't buy chortle to the greatest level of more little time. somebody merely lists year one spaza still sort of mean all of. a book timely in you can be
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too many lost to sit but instead it will buy global there. soon in me alone. new york times and that was the sentiment during the war that the soviets were brave heroes resisting the nazis and so it downplayed the crimes of stalin and the repressive aspects in all of american writing or propaganda during the war including in the hollywood films that's going to change of course after the war once the cold war begins with the onset of the cold war the task became more difficult now they needed to find a way to explain to americans that our soviet friends were friends no more and in fact they were now animists they also have to imply that some of the things that have been shown about them previously were not entirely true.
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54 jets and more than 1300 military personnel are headed to heal some air force base in. alaska where is that to say come on i'll show you what's the reason for any type of enhanced u.s. military presence in this area rush up. what is it suddenly about the south china sea that makes it so that it 11000000000 barrels of oil. take a look at this map who really owns what kind of says no it belongs to us india says no we claim that that belongs to us both of these countries have nuclear weapons capabilities there is reason for concern so that's why we're going to drill down on the story for you today right here on the news or direction chaz where you know as we always like to say we do believe by golly it's time to do news again.
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the world is driven by generous shaped. thinks. we dare to ask. do you know.
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what you're going. to be a beautiful. voice. entry control of ski was the 1st soviet filmmaker to leave for hollywood before the collapse of the u.s.s.r. . 989 to the next comedy starring sylvester stallone and kurt russell called tango and cash by that time he'd already realized that hollywood wasn't the place he'd originally imagined. your year. was more. rigorous than referred to. want to. think.
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ledger could drop it. but i'm sure we're going. you know. where her to some brigadiers humor her own group ready. despite making a serious of successful films in the us including tango and cash runaway train and maria's lovers and reckon she lost his savvy to return to russia in the early nineties as he already become entirely disenchanted with american film industry. who are. a lot. more. hollywood was so successful in portraying the
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savita union in a positive light during world war 2 that the new u.s. president harry truman began to quickly regret it after the nazi surrender. of the quintiles it was that i never went up there though it will be didn't live only to discover that old as well there are those who. nurtured it in particular to make the city as good as new prestigious she world in him only knew how to do that you have to live here as if you were the real deal because it was just good to you if you could to live as they did go save it go to the issues of pollution those are the little bitty. in the 19th thirties the communist party in the united states is pretty strong. and i say that is a good thing you were critical in fighting early fighters for civil rights in the united states hollywood has attracted all these creative artists writers
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directors producers actors and actresses and intellectual. those were the ones who were most attracted to the communist ideal and they wanted to see the soviet union is representing something better than the sword. of american capitalism so in 947 the house un-american activities committee or down on hollywood it was this committee that introduced this so-called hollywood blacklist which included people should be excluded from working in the us film industry due to their alleged political convictions. the u.s. government had to affirmatively go after leftists in hollywood and destroy their careers and make them testify in congress put people in jail drive people in don employment sometimes into suicide so many. c.d.'s hollywood back on
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board on the anti soviet train. among those given testimony to the house un-american activities committee or to put it simply ratting out their colleagues was an actor named ronald reagan the future u.s. president was already actively participating in civic life even in those days. the north star a film about soviet collective farmers that was hailed by the academy just a couple of years earlier was now deemed adamy propaganda and it screenplay writer lillian hellman was accused of being a communist sympathizer and damning label in those years suddenly all of those films the propaganda film that we made during world war 2 well brought into question and hollywood got scared and. the north star was eventually released under the name armored attack in the new version the title comrade was removed and the ration comparing the nazis to the soviet soldiers who suppressed the hunger in
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uprising to 956 was at it. how would is considered to be an independent private sector of economy a group of private companies and yet it seems like the government finds ways to influence the movie make an industry and i just can read my head around how they actually pulled this off by these complicity trials is show trials stalin understood how to do that hitler understood how to do that well the united states under truman and eisenhower also understood added to that. untrained and intimidating hollywood begins to promote an entirely different image of the soviet union. let's be honest have we anything like it in russia now can you imagine what the debts would be to tell like that but
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a film that pokes fun at the behavior of so you're very cross abroad was shot in 1939 but it turned out to be most useful with the onset of the cold war. no matter why it was the year when knowing what the new original comedian made it actually is just because a lot of us who know the little garbled. somebody really does allude to the low level service what was totally. ok. the americans actually distributed and promoted new niche guy in post-war europe especially in italy where the communist party's position was strong there was never stated in the film that communism and the u.s.s.r. back it went without saying. nearly so and i was not going to say let's go to the
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most. serious case broke american realistic many people say real 2 thirds is well if you're going to be too limited on the observant but used to every school. go in america. we have the high ideals but have the clout not. hollywood began producing a spate of. anti communist films during this time oh it's the same propaganda images nobody ever is idealistic about anything that women were either ugly or they were beautiful if they were beautiful they were nymphomaniacs now my students find them laughable better the time they were taken seriously movies like i was a communist for the f.b.i. i married a communist i read moscow how guilty of treason the red menace this was a terrible time in america in 1954 the united states and great britain released an
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animated film called animal farm just based on a novel of the same name by george orwell its production was sponsored by the cia which was very interested in the anti soviet subtext of the story which is about a farm and the big power there i manage i am. actually am how many. traders among us. led by the sixty's and seventy's relations between the us and the us ceasar had already reached the point of the time and this was immediately reflected in the hollywood pictures the soviet union was certainly not presented as a friend of the united states but he was presented as an enemy it was more like the united states than the soviet union could cooperate against the bad guy look at the gene bomb and he said that a classic of those drama where there would always be
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a russian agent who would be the hook to bond and the cia people would be 'd wary even visions of him but they could always cooperate again the real enemy. the relations between the countries began to deteriorate again in the eighty's after ronald reagan who had been actively anticommunist even when he was a hollywood actor became president of the. united states even legendary movie boxer rocky billboard played by sylvester stallone entered the fray by taking on the daunting doped up soviet fighter ivan drago and they proceed to follow the capital with capital mobility that are both it's seen that on the test. along with a boy who sort of mr mason with a life on the pecking beagle said it's to say this because there's been no good work just. not because there was still to come there's the mysterious. you put your parents in the border was widely followed the policies of the state
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department the pentagon well they got a lot of money from the state department in the pentagon the best they found the pentagon to have a lot of say in in works of hollywood ya know so somewhere drew scrooge i'm sure. i mean years ago i do. in fact go in with your desired should you. should die or should you. come sort of here is very emotional issues you're not bored you. meet the parents was the stiller funny movie love it right. so you find out that deniro was a cia operative at one point ben stiller goes into his layer in the basement and he sees photos of deniro with clinton with what looks like maybe
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a better lot in type figure originally stiller found a cia torture me and he on dinny arose desk this cia itself reviewed the script and said then and then. you're not going to bring up cia torture do they watch every single movie that is about to be produced in our would in any film that has any military hardware in it an obvious example top gun you've got it asked for permission you don't just walk on to the air force base and start flying jets around. so if you get their permission. they get the right. to look at what you're saying about. the officer for information which was responsible for propaganda during world war 2 was officially
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closed in 1945 but the relationship that developed between al the wood and the us government in those years seems to have grown only stronger since stand at different times american rulers have needed different myths including some the directly contradicted earlier ones as in the case of russia 'd but no matter how difficult the order this factory has always do to flit delivered. hollywood had always been afraid of government censorship so what they did was that they censored themselves. even the fiction. you know what is the worst. i'm not a conspiracy to. it wasn't created for propaganda purposes but hollywood certainly is now a real propaganda force in the world probably the greatest propaganda force that's ever existed.
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a minimum wage doesn't guarantee you a job guarantees you that if you get a job and be paid that wage precisely that guarantee that means you're less likely to get the job and so i would predict probably over a 1000000 people would lose their job if the minimum wage were doubled to 50 now they want to phase it in so maybe $800000.00 people. would be differentially in communities or a lot of black people helping out at mississippi lower wage states and.
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in the stories that shake their way care not enough sky finally held since the late forty's victory parade mocking the 75th anniversary of the defeat of nazi germany. but also to come and answer racism resolution by the un human rights council spock's anger from washington chris criticism although n.g.o.s to complain it didn't go far enough and russia thinking inside seeing unfold situational reforms to reach and it's making people cost that bad it's online only sheets of the coronavirus and. tell you that the latest news in the outback what's been happening over the last 7 days.

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