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tv   Worldfocus  PBS  March 15, 2010 5:30pm-6:00pm EDT

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tonight on "worldfocus" -- the tough new attitude by china on human rights on the economy. what will it mean for relations with the west? after the killing of an american couple in mexico, what the united states and mexican governments are saying and doing about the epidemic of drug violence. we will take to you germany for the latest on the sexual abuse scandal in the catholic church. did the pope do all he could to stop it when he was an original bishop there? and we take you all the way to mongolia where last summer's drought gave way to this winter's bitter cold. it's now a struggle for survival for the people and the animals they depend on. from the different perspectives of reports and analysts from around the globe, this is "worldfocus." major support has been
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provided by -- rosalind p. walter. and the peter g. peterson foundation, dedicated to promoting fiscility and addressing key economic challenges facing america's future. and additional funding is provided by the following supporters -- good evening. welcome to "worldfocus." i'm daljit dhaliwal in new york. we begin tonight with china. the world's most populous country and what is being described as a fundamental shift in china's attitude towards the united states and the west in general. with its growing economic might, china is increasingly turning away from the west and its demands for reform, whether on human rights, internet access or the valuation of its currency. a shift reflected in some tough talk this weekend by the chinese
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premier wen jang bow. among others "the washington post" reported saying china long felt bullied by the west and its latest challenge sharing among western and chinese businessman, academic and governmentánc;b@ officials that are more powerful and prosperous china would be more positively inclined toward western values and systems. that stronger stands was heard yesterday at the annual meeting of china's parliament drew to a close. in tonight's "lead focus" how our german partner deutsche welle covered that. >> reporter: the chinese parliament met for the closing session in tiananmen square approve the premier's work report. wen told delegates the chinese economy could be in for turbulent times in 2010.
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last year >> translator: this year china really needs to manage its economy. we have to handle the relations among economic development, economic structural reform and mounting inflation. >> reporter: wen said the government would again target 8% growth this year, a figure that will be hard to reach if exports decline. the u.s. and the eu have accused beijing of undervaluing its currency to artificially keep down prices of chinese goods on. but wen rejects these allegations. >> translator: we oppose certain countries engaging in fingerpointing or forcing other nations to appreciate their currencies.
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>> reporter: the chamber signed off on the new budget which contains massive stimulus spending. huge sums have also been earmarked for programs designed to ease social tensions. >> and the criticism of the united states is not limited to economic and financial issues. the chinese premier also blasted the obama administration for the president's meeting with the dalai lama and more. >> translator: recently the u.s. allowed the dalai lama to visit and sold arms to taiwan. these steps seriously hurt china's sovereignty and territorial integrity. this was serious interference in the relationship. >> for more about china's increasingly assertive tone, we're joined by michael cullmer, the director of global policy initiatives at the airborne society here in new york city. thank you very much for joining us on the program. >> thank you for having me.
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>> let's break down wen's most recent statement. first, what do you make of his decision to resist western pressure to help western exports? >> well, i think it's part of the -- something that we've seen from the chinese over the course df time. revaluation is not a new one in the u.s./china relationship. it's not a new one for china and the rest ofhe world. and it's something that i think the chinese have spoken about in the past when they've3wfoúp$ç r pressure particularly from the united states as the united states is the most outspoken of all the countries in this regard. so it's not overly surprising i think to see that premier wen has suggested some degree of resistance to the u.s. in particular. >> and what do you make of his statements concerning taiwan and the dalalama? are they particularly strident if you look at them sort of with some historical perspective? >> i think looking at them with some historical perspective, i
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would suggest even concern in some ways. certainly every time that the united states has sold any weapon systems to taiwan or the dalai lama has had a visit with a sitting president or others within the administration, i think the chinese have spoken out quite vociferously against u.s. efforts in this regard. sotv it's pretty par for the course as far as u.s./china relations is concerned.oloetdx@ >> if you think that this is a more strident tone on behalf of the chinese, what do you think that it will mean for the obama administration in the months and the years ahead? >> if it's something that suggests a more assertive tone by the chinese, it -- of course, it could have deleterious effects for the relationship. right now, i think people believe that we're at a bit of a nader in the relationship between the united states and
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china. i believe the u.s. and china relationship goes in a somewhat cyclical pattern. you have very good times. you have okay times. and you have times where things are not so good. right now is one of those times where things are not so good whether it's because of issues with the dalai lama or taiwan or currency issues. we're not in a very good space, i think, at the moment. >> and how does this affect life in china itself, then? >> well, i think, you know, china's decision, let's say, for example, on the kurnsy front not to revalue the currency they're looking for stability within the country. so i think there's a general "n chinese not to go out of policies it's put in place over the last year and a half on the economic front because of the financial crisis, to try to protect its citizenry, to try and grow its economy. and you're seeping hesitancy for them to try to move out of that and do things that other countries like thed states might want them to do at this
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stage of the game. >> michael cullmer, thank you very much for joining us. this was another day of protest in thailand. tens of thousands of anti-government demonstrators remained in a neighborhood of government offices in bangkok demanding that parliament be dissolved. while the prime minister today rejected that demand, he said that he was open to the ideas of the protesters. but in a new tactic to unseat the government, the protesters asked that each of them donate some of their blood so that it can be splattered in front of the prime minister's office. in the middle east, the united states today continued to press israel to cancel a housing yñ for jews s today continued to and arab east jess lum. it was announced last week just as vice president joe biden was in the region trying to promote indirect talks between israel and the palestinians. according to the newspaper al harat. the ambassador to the united
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states said the two countries faced the worst crisis in 25 years. prime minister netanyahu ruled out a cancellation of that project. from mexico you have probably heard by now about the american couple and a third person who were killed over the weekend. it happened just across the u.s. border in ciudad war rez, a city consumed by drug violence. all three of the dead were connected to the consulate in ciud ciudad war rez. it authorized families to leave the country. but thelings as we hear from tom ackerman of al jazeera english were only a few of the dozens in mexico this weekend. >> reporter: in mexico's most violent border town the latest have an international incident. gunmen in broad daylight killed an american couple associated
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with the cons late in ciudad, leaving only their baby alive. minutes before the husband of another cons late worker was shot after his car was boxed in by other vehicles. all in a statement u.s. president barack obama said he was outraged by the killings. secretary of state hillary clinton said the violence underscored washington's commitment to work with the mexican government to cripple drug trafficking organizations operating close to the u.s. border. but despised mexican president philippe calderon now three-year-long offensive against the traffickers, the turf war among the gangs are claiming for casualties. in the pacific coast town including the resort city of acapulco a record 33 were killed on saturday and sunday including policemen, drug hitmen and civilian bystanders.
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calderon plans to visit ciudad to assure they have the cartels under control. but in an upgraded travel warning the state department advised of a serious risk that includes attacks by assailants who pay pose as military or police officers tom ackerman, al jatzera. in germany, there are increasing calls by catholic groups for pope benedict to make a statement about the growing scandal involving violence and sexual abuse against children. the latest chapter involves allegations of such abuse against children in a boys' choir dating back to the time when the pope's brother was in charge of that choir. as for the pope,ch officials say that while he was
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the archbishop of munich in the 1980s, he approved the transfer from one city to another of a priest convicted of sexually abusing children. but was never personally aware of the details. that priest has since been suspenas we hear in this next s from deutsche welle, the latest revelations are fueling a debate on whether the german statute of limitations should be extended& so those who committed sex abuse might still be prosecuted. >> reporter: he needed half a lifetime to finally talk about his trauma. as a 10-year-old altar boy, he was sexually abused by a catholic priest. the memories remain with him to this day. >> translator: after mass, he took me to his apartment, locked the door, sat down and sat me on his lap. then he opened my pants and took out my
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it was like i knew it wasn't right. i always knew that. but i'd let it happen. notice nothing. feel nothing. let it happen. the body frozen. and anyone could do what they wanted with me. >> reporter: th%fw$e.ttz abuse d for years. the priest was a friend of the family, a guest even at christmastime. after he was transferred, another church employee abused norbert, who was by then 16. he was 53 when he finally came forward. the man in question admitted their deeds to their superiors. the church paid him compensation in return for his silence. he wants to bring the surviving perpetrator to justice. but according to the statute of limitations, this crime can no longer be prosecuted. >> translator: this has to be abolished. sexual violence murders the soul
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and there's no statute of limitations on murder. >> reporter: existing laws give abuse victims 10 and in grievous cases a maximum of ten years to report the crime. since it's important that they remember the details clearly. but therapists say that's two short a victim for many victims. since the abuse experience is loaded with shame and anxiety, the memories often remain clear and detailed even decades later. >> translator: they have a certain significance and therefore they're had important. but i can't access them. that makes it so hard to express these memories on time as it were. i need a certain distance first, a foundation for my memories. and by that time, depending on the circumstances, those ten years may have elapsed. >> reporter: still, legal experts warn against changing the limitationyq=ñ statutes. even decades later, the events surrounding a case of sexual abuse must be proven beyond a
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doubt. even with witnesses, the catholic church cases can barely besq::fdr pieced together anymo. trrnls the need for legal certainty requires it. after a certain time, i can't require proof anymore and becomes aame of accusation and denial. >> reporter: instead, germany's justice minister wants the church to cooperate more with state authorities on abuse allegations. that prompted an angry response from church leaders. the latest meeting of german bishops in fryburg was overshadowed by the abuse scandal. after a long silence the bishops formally apologized but made no mention of sanctions against those responsible. they say the guidelines set a few years ago dealing with problem clergy are effective. >> translator: we will discuss the guidelines, and i will suggest we establish a small working group that will closely examine the guidelines and how
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they're used. >> reporter: but critics within the church say these internal rules aren't enough. they say the statute of limitations plays into the church's hands and that current procedures serve to protect the church's image instead of helping victims achieve justice. >> translator: only public pressure can forms the church to change its twas because unfortunately they're still trying to resolve matters internally. but now we see that's not enough. >> reporter: the catholic church will now have to explain whether it's been too concerned with keeping out secular justice. its attitude has led many victims to ask for the abolition of the statute of limitations for sex crimes. but norbert knows that won't make it any easier to prove abuse. >>ranslator: but it will chan -- the recognition of the harm done to
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victims. so will the people think about it. victims won't be ashamed anymore. >> translator: we cannot permanently keep reprocessing the past. we live in the present and in the future. there's still a backward-looking repressive criminal law for a certain time. but once the time limit is passed, that's over, too. the victim must return to the present and come to terms with the future. the perpetrator, too. >> reporter: sexual abuse leaves deep and lasting emotional scars. the justice system can't change that. but what the church can do is help prevent more people from becoming victims. >> for more about the sex scandal within the catholic church and germany, we're joined by a senior correspondent for the german daily newspaper. thank you very much for joining us on the ogram.
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a senior catholic church official recently acknowledged that there;het made in a sex abuse case at a german archdiocese while the pope served as an archbishop there. how close do you think that the pontiff is to this scandal? >> right now we don't know. it is clear that this case you mentioned is -- was -- it happened when he was archbishop in munich and he was under his supervision. but we don't know how much he knew about it. and right now i would say it's dangerous for the pope, but he me out of it undamaged. if he makes the right decisions now. >> do you think that his credibility is in any danger? and explain what you mean when you say it's dangerous for him? >> dangerous -- the question is about the credibility of the
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church. the head of the catholic youth organization -- it's the worst crisis of the catholic church since 1945. and there's a huge outrage among normal catholics rank and file of the church about this case.r÷ and he has to do something just to -- he had to keep his credibility. and he has to choose -- he has to make an apology and he has to make it timely. and he has to choose the right words. and if he does that, i think it's not a crisis for him. >> your newspaper broke this story. how has it been covered in the german media? and what has public reaction been to it? >> it's covered in the media as top stories for days, if not weeks. and it's a real -- there's an outrage in the public and -- among ordinary catholics, it's
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very, very strong. and -- but the outrage is not so much against the pope but against some bishops. there is -- there's an understanding in the public that some of the bishops, some of the clergy, they're still in a state of denial. they -- when bishops talked about -- he complained about a campaign against the catholic church, which is nonsense. there's no such thing as a campaign. there are outrageous things that happened. and the people are -- they are furious. >> there are growing calls also in germany for the statutes of limitations for prosecuting sexual abuseújqj to be extended. how likely that? >> well, i'm not expert on that. basically, that has -- at the end of the day, it's the decision of the lawmakers. my personal view is we have in germany the extension of the limit -- extension for murder and for mass murder.
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and we shouldn't go beyond that. >> okay, bob. thank you very much for joining us on the program. >> thank you for having me. finally tonight, the fight for survival in one of the world's most sparsely populated regions of the world. the vast stretch of wilderness known as the mongolia step. mongolia has 3 million people and 40 million animals. and now both animals and humans are being tested by a brutal winter that's followed a drought last summer. tony berkeley of al jazeera english reports that the back bochb the economy is under threat. >> reporter: heading into the magnificent mongolian step, a vast stretch of wilderness one of the great sparsely populated regions of the world of 3 million people and 40 million
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pe the back bochb the country's economy for hundreds of years. but a summer drought last year has been followed by a bitterly cold winter that has destroyed grazing and killed millions of animals. p noon as a zood and placed a time-honed object paying under threat. >> translator: i hope when gets warm it will get better. >> reporter: there are no guarantees. there is some grazing, but it's becoming harder to find. and the winter could last another two months. a newborn goat struggles to its feet. a cheery sight among the carnage littered throughout mongolia's plains. wherever you look carcasses are piled up in erie mounds. many livestock simply froze to death in temperatures that plummeted to minus 45 degrees centigrade. this man is 69, a herder all of. so far lost 200 head of cattle,
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sheep or goats. he said it's the worst winter in 40 years and the losses mean he can no longer be self sufficient. >> translator: in the coming weeks our fate will be decided. if the zood strikes again, it will be even worse for us. >> reporter: they've moved two times in recent weeks looking for grazing. but it's becoming harder to find and they have to travel further and further afield. they try to get a cow to move. if it doesn't, it will die. success this time, but for how much longer? >> translator: it's so hard for someone like me who has spent all his life with animals to watch them die. there's no worse ordeal i can suffer. >> reporter: the herders are nomadic people and have lived this way for hundreds of years, pitching their tented homes in an area from the if gome des erpt in the south to the russian border in the north. they provide food and clothes and enjoy a richness of life now
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at risk of disappearing. even for tough people used to harsh conditions this winter proved a test. for many herders of mongolia a test many have failed. but it's not just a test of dead livestock. it represents to many of the people a sense of family and livestock and many are losing both. his whole life investment was in his livestock. the winter has decimated his herd leaving him with just a few head of cattle and some sheep and goats, not enough to provide for his wife and four children. >> translator: with most of our animals gone, we have to move to town and try to find a job. but it won't be that easy for us. without our animals, we are lost. and our good years as herders are finished. >> reporter: there h droughts and bad winters before, but this could be the defining one. with too many animals and not enough grazing, the world bank has pressured mongolia's
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livestock to change labeling it as unsustainable and the move to free market in the '90s ended state report that gave emergencñ >> translator: for old people like me nearing the end of their life, it is okay. but what about the young people without support? what about them? >> reporter: they are the descendents from the era of genghis khan. it's described by the clothes on their back and food in their belly. that world is quickly disappearing. tony berkeley, al jazeera, central mongolia. and that's it from us. but as always, you can find more news and perspective at be sure to drop us a line about the program while you are there. i'm daljit dhaliwal in new york. for me and the rest of the prog
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joining us. we'll see you back here tomorrow. good-bye. major support for "worldfocus" has been provided by -- rosalind p. walter. and the peter g. peterson foundation, dedicated to promoting fiscal responsibility and addressing key economic challenges facing america's future. and additional funding is provided by the following supporters --
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