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tv   BBC World News  PBS  November 12, 2010 6:00pm-6:30pm EST

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♪ [bbc world news is presented by kcet. funding for this presentation was made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu, the newman's own foundation, and the john d. and catherine t. macarthur foundation.] union bank has put its financial strength to work
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for a wide range of companies. what can we do for you? >> now bbc world news. >> after nearly 20 years, hopes rise at the dissident is finally about to be freed from house arrest. the bbc has a reporter. cholera in haiti threatens to run out of control. a display of unity for photographers but off camera, deep divisions mean the g-0 leaders fail to agree on very much at all. welcome to bbc "world news" broadcast to our viewers on pbs and around the globe. coming up later. it is harvest time at this olive grove but how much fruit can be picked this year. how clearing out a london home produced this $70 million chinese vase.
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♪ hello to you thousands of supporters of burma's main opposition leader. ching has been gathering outside her home. she's been under house arrest for almost 20 years. what brought people there now is the possibility that the burma rulers may release her. so for security reasons we're not naming our correspondent there. >> rumor fed on rumor all day and ching's followers gran to gather outside the opposition headquarters. they expected the leader to be released over the weekend but heard from somewhere she might be freed tonight. they made her -- their way to her home where she been under
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house arrest for much of the last two decades. no official announcement came and a senior party member told the crowd to go home and come back in the morning. no one know what is she'll do when she's free. she refused to back down on her demands for democracy. elections a week ago wonners lili by the ruling elite have been condemned. generals believe the release may divert attention from the rigged polls. many invested hope in her and wonder what she can achieve. a follower that was spoken to did not want to be identified for fear of reprisals. yao i don't think we could make any difference. many things set up.
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i think if she does something she will go back again. >> the government has again made it clear thade that they will not tolerate dissent. she's deep i -- deeply revered by her people. but many think her uncompromising approach has not worked. now it is time for a different if less high principled way to secure freedom. bbc news burma. we'll keep you poseded. the united nations has appealed for $164 million to tackle the outbreak of ko a -- cholera. there are fears that the epidemic could run out of control. infection rates have been rising. 800 haitians have died. >> our correspondent tells us
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what she heard from her contact. >> what i'm being told now by the doctors at the clinic i was at on tuesday, theory seeing seven times as many cases as i was seeing just three days ago. patients are now overflowing in the hospitals in city -- in circumstance solei and port-au-prince. the doctors are close to being overwhelmed. the doctors without borders say they'll have to treat patients on the streets soon because they don't have the space. this has turned into a humanitarian emergency. the second in a pace of -- space of a year. what happened in this raff aned nation, the hurricane last week and the floods have spread the disease more widely across the country. >> given the situation you described, what would the money, even $164 million do?
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>> it would bring in supply supplies, like rehydration fluid. it could bring in water pure fiction. the people are using the streets as toilets in places where they don't have them. without proper toilets and a source of water that is not contaminated, it is going to be difficult to 0 stop the disease. it is spread by ineffected water anded for, and if you can't give them a proper clean supply and toilets that are not dirty, it is difficult to stop it from spreading. >> are they hopeful that they could stop it? >> well people i have been talking to think that probably this infection is going to peak sometimes next week. we haven't seen the worst. you're going to see more cases. what they hope is a public education exin certainly in port-au-prince telling about the
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importance of hand washing and not cooking with water that could be contaminated. they're hoping because the earthquake survivor camps are better equipped than the shrum of circumstance solei, because you have aid agencies in the earthquake survivor camps in the capital and you have cholera treatment centers. they're hoping this will try to stop the disease but if it spreads so quickly it outsources the resources available to treat it, clearly that's a huge problem. >> laura just back from haiti. the russian president has conofficialed a russian double agency helped break up a spy ring in the u.s. in june. the president said he was aware of this when the scandal broke. he's called for a investigation and the lessons to be learned. >> former israeli prime minister ariel sharon who has been in a coma for four years has been
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taken from hospital to his family home at the request of relatives. he suffered a series of strokes in 2006. the medical staff describe his condition as vegetative but stable. >> the at hague, the war crimes trial of the former president charles tale her has been adjourned closing arguments will be hear then. he's accused of backing rbles in sierra leone. >> the smument in south korea has come to a close. tensions have been high as the united states accused chien of keeping the curbcy low to make the exports cheap. they have new guidelines on gurncy -- currency and global trade. step stephanie understanders. >> not so long ago there would have been eight leaders in the photo, seven from north america or europe. the financial crisis changed all
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of that. just as it changed the global chi. one big change, america can't always get its way. >> president obama wants other countries especially china to play their part in more balanced global growth. by letting the currency strengthen against the dollar and buying more u.s. goods. the chinese move further in that direction at the meeting. they're doing it on their own terms. as david cameron emphasized, they're doing it at their own pace. >> slowly china is moving in a position of actually increasing domestic consumption and rebalancing the economy. the g-20 is a helpful markener that progress. i always said it wouldn't be heroic but it is good and steady progress. >> some said the president had been weakened here by the loose monetary policies and by the bad election results last week. he had a simpler explanation. >> it wasn't easier to talk about currency when i just been
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elected and my poll numbers were at 65% than it is now. it was hard then and hard now. because -- this involves the -- the -- the interest of countries a -- -- and not all will be resolved easily. >> no one did expect a comprehensive agreement here. there probably wasn't one to be had. the debate seemed to reflect a broader shift. this is the first g-20 summit that has been hosted outside of the old club of g-8 nations. the location turned out to be symbolic. it wasn't just on the approach to imbalances and exchange rates. a whole range of issues, economic development and even parts of the reform with the financial system, the emerging market chris and the fast growing asian ones in particular didn't just rock the boat, they steered in their direction. >> asian economies pushed hard to get a new sole consensus on
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economic development. aid groups welcomed the change of tone. the host here, the president was explicit. there have been complaints about the one size fits all approach that come from washington and the international monetary fund and so on. that's been credible in the way he said that. that's the way this country adopted and something perhaps african countries have been going forward. >> at london summit, they like to say the g-20 saved the world. the seoul meeting wouldn't match that but it moved a few steps toward a safer more balanced global recovery. and it sends a powerful message that the old balance of power is gone for good. stephanie understanders -- nappeders bbc news. >> shares began to rise as they identified the component that caused an engine to fail last week. the firm will work with customers that use its engines
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to replace the modul. royals royce will mitts tis finance the targets. >> there's a global safety warping about electrical faults in the a 320's. a plane failed to respond to pilot's commands for several minutes in august this year. the funeral of eight policeman have been held in pakistan. they were among 20 people killed by a truck bomb on thursday. many others injured. the blast almost completely destroyed a police compound in a city center. many schools and offices also remained closed today. do stay with us, if you can on bbc "world news." still to come, the foundation for the rule of haw around the world. now it is time to mark the magma carte's 800th birthday.
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>> asian games under way in southern china. this is the second largest sporting event after the summer olympics. there are competitions in 53 venues. 12 built from scratch. chris hoge reports. >> confidence created china's display tonight. a riverside spectacular to open the asian games. where else in the world would you see a show like this? so big so ambitious, so expensive. the ordinary chinese got close of course. security is a big concern here. they managed as best they could to catch a glimpse. in the city center we found this. >> the asian camps make our -- our country is better and a proud power that -- than other countries. >> more powerful. >> more powerful and stronger.
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>> big events like had are an opportunity for the leaders to show their people how important the country is, how far it has come to help reinforce the message that this is now a modern prosperous nation, a giant in asia. china will win the most medals here. there's little doubt. it is a sporting superpower. for all of the teams, these games are a chance to test young athletes aiming for glory in two year's time. opening night went off without a hitch. the host will hope the next two weekes are just as successful. >> bbc news guangzhou. >> closing most of the cultural attractions in italy. it is a protest to cutting the budget over three years.
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latest headlines for you. >> it is reported from burma, that the prodemocracy heard may be released once the house term expired on saturday. the united nations appealed for $164 million to tackle the cholera outbreak in haiti. >> we're still waiting for more news on whether the burm niece authorities have decided to release the position heard from house arrest, just a short time ago, i spoke to jarrod and he provided legal advice. >> we know she's scheduled to be release from the house arrest. it expires saturday. but really up until now, all we have is speculation about whether will actually happen. her domestic lawyer hasn't spoken to her in 48 hours. we have no idea if the convoy that came to her house around noon time on friday in burma in fact delivered a document that said that she would be release
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ordinary delivered a document that said her house arrest would be extended. at this point we don't know. it is quite possible, isn't it, that the regime has set s they know she cannot accept. >> that's entirely possible. when her lawyer saw her recently, he reported she would not accept any conditions upon her release. that's one of the possibilities. how that would play out is unclear. she's of course been at this for 15 of 1e years. she's been under house arrest. i think it is fair to say that she know this is regime well. >> she will know of course, it is perfectly possible almost anything she says or does will see her put back in prison. >> that's right. and more importantly. that, she's been free guise before in the last 21 years. and the mid 1990's and early 2000s nothing changed in the country fp if anything things have gotten worse. at best, if she is freed, it is -- perhaps a single step on the
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proverbial thousand mile journey. that's it. we have yet to see a sign in the last several years that anything the regime is doing has suggested an -- a solvens of their views. in fact what we have seen is their up willingness to bend at all, in the election they held, a strain in their constitution, that will enshrine military rule for the future. >> this is a harsh question, but how relevant do you think she feels? philosophy she is but politically? >> i think she is. the fact that the regime continues to detain her is best sill stration how relevant she is. she and her allies won 80% of the seats in the parliament in free elections. that's given her legitimacy that the generals crafed. it is reported, two knows the truth, they ordered that they win at least 80% of the seats in
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the parliament themselves in this fraudulent election so it reaches what it did before. i think it is fair to say they're scared of her. she was turning out tens of thousands of people. everybody was clamoring to hear what she had to say. whether or not she's in the new government is frankly irrelevant in terms of her political rell vance. >> legal advisor. >> here in britain a bill of rights anniversary. the magna car that is is a basis of ore other bill of rights around the world. overlooking the meadows, a procession marking the start of the 800th anniversary celebration of sealing of the magna carta. it was the first key document establishing the rule of law in
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england. as the most senior civil judge explained this morning, it was a landmark moment. certainly events in history just capture people's imagination. the signing of the magna carta on this wet, probably windy field in 1215, just captured the imagination of people throughout the past 800 years. >> one of the originals is held at salisbury cathedral, it is stored in a sealed box and kept away from bright lights but it is on public display. >> this is the best of the four original copies of magna car that that date from 115 itself. it is difficult to read and written in a tiny script but the message is clear. it is all about the rights and freedoms of the individual. the most important clauses are 39 and 40 which say nobody should be imprisoned except by
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lawfully judgments and justice should not be sold or delayed. >> i confess i'm probably guilty of walking in and out of the chapter house without giving magna car that a thought. our friends from america come over here. it is the thing they come to see. >> today the lord chancellor described the mag that car that as one of the greatest events in history. he said king johns rebellious barons might be surprised to find the freedoms they fought for now apply to everyone and not just the air tock crazy. daniel stanford bbc news. >> and across the occupied west bank, the farmers are gathering for -- for many olives are the main source of income. especially since they're prevented from working in israel. the groves are a battle ground. they claim the trees are are being attacked by settlers. from the westbank, they put winfield hayes.
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>> this should be the best time of year for the westbank farmers. the days are cooling off, the olives are ripe. with demand high, this fruit will fetch an excellent price. whether they arrived in the groves, to start picking, this is what many of the farmers found. dozens of branches deliberately prone off. no one saw who did this, but suspicion immediately falls on the nearby jewish settlement. when the palestinian farmers arrived this morning, they found out not only many of the trees had been damaged but they also found staples to almost every olive tree, this. this is a page from the caron. the bit that has been circled here is a passage that talked of the israel items escaping from egypt and coming to the promised land about -- the message the
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settlers are sending is clear. >> what do they want? us to leave? complete. nobody can come to this place. >> on a nearby building photograph fitity has been sprayed in hebrew. arabs out, this reads. inside death to the arabs. the following day i bring david, a lawyer from the nearby jewish settlement to see the damage for himself. >> not easy to see. it is -- it is not the way of community. it is not the way of judaism. i don't know what -- i don't know who could have done this. this is jewish land. >> but according to international law, this is not jewish land. claims the settlers are innocent seem to be contradicted by this video of them stealing olives from palestinian trees.
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in an hour's drive away next to another jewish settlement, we found this. raw sewage from a nearby settlement pouring down through palestinian olive fields kill the trows. >> the trees -- the west -- the worst are here. ultimately this is not about olive trees. this is a struggle for land between palestinian farmers who have lived on it for centuries and jewish settler who is believe it was given to them by god. the west bank. bbc news. >> now to a lighter thought. we broke this 24 hours ago. it is too good not to return to it. maybe worth having a poke around your attic over the weekend. a brother and sister cheering out their parents home in britain came across a chinese vase that may be worth a bit at
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auction. they're better off $700 million and a auction house in shock. >> it is beautiful, ornate but it was cleared out of a bungalow in northwest london. the family thought it was worth 800 pounds but the sale room staff decided to have a closer look. the auctioners realized they had something special. they thought maybe it could go for more than a million. >> $13 million is bid. $14 million. that million pounds though was a serious underestimate. >> the atmosphere was electric. that's a fair way to describe it. >> now $20 million pounds. heanl, at $20 million. any advance? >> it was the most surreal experience i think i ever witnessed because i come to this auction louse a lot. i'm bidding like 10 pounds and 0 pounds.
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>> when you get to the millions it is unbelieve al. >> $40 million pounds. >> when the hammer fell, i have to say -- my enthusiasm. the place erupted. >> and the third time tonight, it is $4e million pounds. sold. >> $4e million pounds. that means the buyer has to pay another 20% premium on that. i would 15eu $50 million. most extraordinary price. it is. >> it is a vase fit if a pal hass. it was quht british and frempling sold the old summer palace in bay jipping that led to many similar vases leading china. it is in the plantal piece. >> it is an extraordinary vase. vases of this sort, which employ all of these different techniques, the only place you will ever see them is with your nose up against the glass in --
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in forbiden city. >> a find for the future, for a market now fueled by national pride and china's new superrich. bbc news. >> fantastic stuff. just a note to close on the musical com porse, gorecki has died at the age of 76. that will ring bells with many. a -- sorrowful songs about the pain of war. it sold more than a million copies. an exceptional figure for classical music by a contemporary composer. >> just briefly, our main story, supporters of burma's main opposition heard have been gathering outside her home in ran gunn, the nobel prizewinner has been under house arrest for
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20 years. there's strong suggestions she's about to be released. thanks for being with us. >> [bbc world news is presented by kcet. funding for this presentation was made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu, the newman's own foundation, and the john d. and catherine t. macarthur foundation.] and union bank.
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union bank offers unique insight and expertise in a range of industries. what can we do for you? there's one stage that is the met and carp guy hall.
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