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tv   BBC World News  PBS  November 15, 2010 6:00pm-6:30pm EST

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>> "bbc world news" is presented by kcet, los angeles. funding for this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. the john d. and catherine t. macarthur foundation. and union bank. >> union bank has put its financial strength to work for a wide range of companies, from small businesses to major corporations. what can we do for you?
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>> and now "bbc world news." >> freed from years of house arrest, aung san suu kyi calls for fundamental change in burma. >> of great change, a revolution, whether it is violent or non-vine red. >> more cracks in the year wrote zone -- euro zone. there are fears ireland will have to seek its own bailout. the british couple held by somali pirates are now free, but to pay for their release? welcome to "bbc world news," broadcast to our viewers on pbs in america, also around the globe. my name is mike embley. coming up later for you -- this had to be the most dangerous man in afghanistan. we are inside the prison where the u.s. military is trying to get new purpose to the fight. and almost 2 million muslims
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congregate with the annual pilgrimage. hello to you. the army's pro-democracy leader aung san suu kyi tells the bbc she wants a peaceful revolution in her country in her first interview since being released from seven years of house arrest. she is sure democracy will follow it eventually. >> it is still only 48 hours since aung san suu kyi was freed to leave her house after seven long years and her supporters still cannot get enough of her. >> thank you very much. >> it is exhilarating, but even in the sweltering heat, she
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remains cool. and i found she was prepared to deal with the thorniest questions. >> do you want to see the military government fall? >> i would like the military government to take the initiative. i would like them to be the people who have decided that our country has the rights to certain standards of freedom. >> burma the kind of country that might have of velvet revolution or something rather topper? >> i have to confess, i do not see of bill that revolution. -- of velvet revolution. on non-violent revolution. let's put it that way. it great change means our revolution, whether a violent or non-violent. we would like in non-alignment,
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peaceful revolution. >> if i were to report what you said, that you were looking for a non-a violent revolution, would that get you back under house arrest? >> i am not sure how they would interpret the word "revolution." i do not know how you are using the word "revolution." for me, it means radical change. >> are you afraid they might impose imprisonment on you? >> no, i am not scared. i know there is that possibility. they have done it in the past. they might do it again. i am committed to do as much as i can while i am free. if i am arrested, i will do as much as i can while i am arrested. >> well you have been in prison, what did you think when you first saw mobile phones?
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>> i never saw one before. it seems very inadequate to me. they are so small. there is no mouthpiece. i did not know whether to keep it near my mouth or near might years. everyone kept showing me. "golan. -- go on. you can say what you want." >> the security was out in force, and identifying everyone who came and went. only the secret police are allowed to use scooters a year, and in order to fellow dissidents. with aung san suu kyi at liberty, everything here could change, but for the regime, it is still business as usual now. john since then, bbc news, rank and. >> fresh concerns over the debt crisis in the euro sound.
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18,009 deficit in greece is much higher than first anticipated. it and there is concern ireland may be seeking a bailout. like the one in greece had in may. we have this from dublin. >> and dublin tonight, preparations for the holiday season, but ireland is the eye of the storm. many believe it cannot cope with its vast? without a bailout. the irish government continues to insist it can be reset >> they will do the right thing by the country. that means their international obligations as well. >> pressure is mounting for ireland to accept a rescue. other european nations say uncertainty over ireland's dead is damaging their economies.
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-- ireland debts is damaging their economies. >> the government here in dublin is insisting no bailout is necessary. "we can work this out ourselves ," is the message. paul ebbs lost his job in the construction industry last week. jerry has already seen her in, slashed. >> were doing so well, with some much money. it -- we were doing so well with so much money. it is like you have gone backwards in time. >> i visited a technology college. students now that unemployment is close to 40%. emigration has returned to ireland. i discovered just how many students were prepared to leave. >> how many of you might
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consider leaving ireland to find work? but your hands up. -- put your hands up. almost everyone. ireland has embraced austerity, but doubts remain. ed once again, they will have to grapple with the crisis. >> as a team of international inspectors arrived to access international health, auditors at last discovered the extent of the damage. the deficit and increase was increase by nearly 2% to become the highest in the european union. its total debt rose beyond prediction to 144% of national output, nearly 2.5 times the limits laid down by european union rules. the greek prime minister missed the inspectors.
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he was in paris talking up his government's commitments and blaming the germans for aggravating the markets by suggesting that bondholders, not taxpayers, it should prop up failing nations. there is no doubt that the greek government recognizes its recovery is the essential for the preservation of the euro. the prime minister says his victory in elections over the weekend is an mandate to continue with the unpopular austerity program. the big question facing the e.u. and the european central bank is whether to pay out the third installment in the greek bailout. economists believe it is going to happen because institutions have invested some much and making sure that greece does not fail. in return, there will be more
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cuts. bbc news, alamance. >> preliminary results show the longtime opposition leader and has won the election. he received 52% of the vote. his opponent gained 47%. the country has been swept by ethnic riots ahead of that announcement. the election was meant to end decades of problems in guinea. a five-story building has collapsed in new delhi. many are trapped in the debris. huge fires have destroyed a high-rise apartment building in shanghai. it killed at least 42 and 90 were injured it was being renovated when the fire broke out. chinese television showed people clinging to scaffolding as they
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waited for rescue. firefighters battled for hours to bring the blaze under control. >> a british couple are about to return home after an agonizing 338 days held captive by somali pirates. a ransom secured the release of paul and rachel chandler. in fact, it had to be paid twice. but the british government insists they paid no money. >> for rachel and paul jamar, the last 48 hours have been a whirlwind. they have been flown to safety in nairobi. while they are resting here at the british high commissioner's house -- today, they have had to cope with difficult news. paul learned his father died in july while he was being held captive. they say they need time to adjust to the situation, without the media. "give us and our families some
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space." war-torn somalia has become a haven for pirates. rents are going up all the time. over 400 sailors are currently being held for ransom. the british government insists it never paid, and today it said no part of britain's aid budget ended up in part hands. the chandler family have declined to speak about how they were paid, but we do know in june and airdrop, like this one, was made to the pirates holding the couple. but the pirates demanded more. somali leaders have pressed hard for their release. it is widely believed a second ransom was paid. we cannot know by him. some state by a small yet patriot. some say by the somali government. >> the pirates are not themselves negotiating in a
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benign environment. there are shootings. people get hurt. people get killed. key decision makers are taken out of the picture. all that adds to the delay and frustration felt by those dealing with the pirates on the ship. >> the jammers knew little of the negotiations to get them out. they are now preparing for their journey home to britain. bbc news. >> still to come, do stay with us if you can -- violent protest in haiti. locals blame u.n. peacekeepers for the cholera epidemic. first though, the united states and european union under a new attack for the subsidies handed out to their farmers to help keep many in the west. they keep many of look, but it can be hugely damaging to agricultural producers elsewhere. the u.s. is one of the biggest
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exporters of cotton. our international correspondent mark doyle has the story. >> bringing in the harvest in west africa. campaigners backing these farmers said they produced the cheapest cotton in the world, said demand for their output should be strong. but cotton producers and the united states, the world's biggest exporter, are paid almost $1 billion a year in subsidies. that boosts world supply and reduces the price is the poorer farmers can earn. the group sang in the united states state subsidies their guarantee millions stable jobs in forms and related industries and in some of the poorer parts of the country. but none anywhere near as poor as the cotton-growing areas of west africa.
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they argue that because of any subsidies paid to farmers and richard -- in richer countries would boost the income of farmers by 10%. that is an increase that can make a big difference. a small number of west african farming families have already been a victim of higher prices for cotton, a premium price that is paid for an organically- reduced crop. the organic market is especially vibrant in the rich world. mark doyle, bbc news. >> the latest headlines on "bbc world news." aung san suu kyi has told the bbc she once up and put a peaceful revolution for our
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country. concerns about greece and ireland and increased pressure about their debt. the new exit strategy in afghanistan relies on an ambitious plan to persuade 40,000 taliban fighters to lay down their arms over the next five years. it is also hope the taliban will be persuaded to switch sides. the taliban is still recruiting. >> these are some of the most dangerous man in afghanistan. taliban fighters, brought to the u.s. military's shiny new present. -- prison. the new jail is meant to wipe away images of past prisoner abuse. that starts out with the taliban themselves. americans up to rehabilitate them. set insurgents who once planted bombs are being -- so,
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insurgency once planted bombs are being taught to plant sunflowers. 80% of the taliban fight within walking distance of the run homes, many because they do not have jobs. the aim of all this is to give men an alternative to taking up arms again. these classes get the insurgents to switch sides. some in the taliban are deeply ideological. we meant to meet the middle- ranking taliban commander in kabul. the capital is under government control. the insurgents can come and go. >> malawi says he has 900 fighters. the taliban line is quite simple. negotiations until the americans leave.
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-- no negotiations until the americans leave. >> my suggestion is they should go. as long as one american remains in afghanistan, we will not stop our jihad. >> ming new plant roadside bombs to kill the americans, all fan you -- when you plant roadside bombs to kill the americans, you often kill civilians. how was this a legitimate way to fight? >> we are doing our best to avoid civilian casualties. we have stopped using some any suicide bombers to reduce civilian casualties. >> are ragtag army perhaps, but in places, the taliban are in charge. along with their makeshift checkpoints, they have created their own in administration. even within government ministries, there are taliban
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loyalists. insurgents are getting new recruits. like this man. the civil servant by day, a taliban volunteer by night. >> i joined the taliban because of what the americans are doing to this country to break down doors in the middle of the night. they kill innocent people. >> run of the things that has been proved remarkably -- one of the things that has been proved remarkably about the insurgency is their ability to recruit. they say that fighting a way out of the insurgency is not the answer. there is the propensity to recruit more than any. there has always had to be some kind of dialogue. it is not a military solution. >> on military flights south fort -- for ex-prisoners.
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after years in prison, they are going back to their families. it is too soon to know whether they will return to the taliban. bbc news, kabul. >> there have been violent protests and haiti's second city against u.n. peacekeepers. some blame them for the local cholera epidemic that has killed at least 900, even now tests have cleared the troops are being carriers. we have this from new york. >> with the cholera epidemic sweeping the country, anger and fear turn to violence. it is directed at this northern city and another based elsewhere. it is believed that u.n. peacekeepers are carriers of the disease. the u.n. says there is no evidence that that, but it admitted the situation is deteriorating.
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>> the government accepts, and we accept it is the health or sanitation matter. it is an issue of environmental concern. it is an issue of national security, where we have demonstrations. >> this is the first cholera outbreak in haiti, and it has caused great anxiety and confusion. people are afraid that fish is unsafe to eat because the disease is caused by dirty water. and is spreading. exacerbated by poor sanitation and poverty. hospitals are once again overwhelmed. there are cases in every province according to the u.n. 100,000 people have taken ill, although not all of them seriously. the neighboring dominican republic is not taking chances. they have stopped haitians from
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crossing the border, even though the u.n. says they're doing their best to contain the cholera epidemic. given the history of cholera in this country, they were not expecting something like this. the art in treating for millions more dollars to treat the disease and keep it from spreading. bbc news. >> political rebellions and private scandals and recurring themes in the life of italian prime minister so we'll berlusconi -- silvio berlusconi. a new party is unhappy with his policies and private life. but he refuses to resign. duncan kennedy sent this from rome. there is flash photography in his report. >> can he survive as prime minister? for the first time since he was elected and 2008, at the question can be seriously posed.
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the latest revelation comes from members of his own government. they are related to a new party that broke away from his party last week. date are concerned -- they are concerned about his new scandals. >> he lost support for economic reasons. it is very clear his government has not been able to deal with the recession, a number of businesses which happened going under, the number of unemployed. it continues to rise. >> this 18-year-old exotic dancer is another reason why silvio berlusconi is in trouble. known as "ruby," she went to his private parties. the prime claimed minister intimidated police and still releasing her from a theft investigation. the party said it will call for
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a vote of no-confidence after the stability budget is out of the white. >> we have said we are ready to pass stability law, but immediately afterward, a no- confidence vote will take place. we will show the berlusconi government no longer has the numbers to continue. >> but the biggest threat to silvio berlusconi was once a key ally. he is now the head of the new breakaway future and freedom party. he is putting pressure on berlusconi to resign. what happens next? everyone wants to pass the budget still italy avoids an irish-style deficit crisis. at the tickets into december, where berlusconi is likely to face a vote of no-confidence in both houses of parliament. bbc news, in rome. >> we will make enough.
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nearly 3 million muslims have been taking part in traditional pilgrimage and saudi arabia. our correspondent is there. >> this is the journey before millions of pilgrims. hoping for a clean slate. it is a symbol of equality, pilgrim's walking side by side. everyone morphs into one ocean of unity. it is that after that day and cents are forgiven, a program can start a new life. pilgrims will move it to collect stemmons and had -- stones and head off for the stone throwing ritual. it has always been a logistical and security challenge for the saudi authorities. but the new railway network in
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place, officials of to remove at least 35,000 vehicles by next year. most pilgrims -- the challenge is keeping the spirituality alive when they go back to their day-to-day lives. it is here is where the prophet mohammed made his last speech to followers before he died. he told them that his teachings to them were now complete. 400 years later, people come here to relive that memory and pray for forgiveness. bbc news, from mount arafat. >> you'll find much more on that and all the international news, of course, online at /news. you can catch up with me and most of the team on twitter. i'm @bbcmikeembley. and you can see what we are working on, too, on our facebook page. just briefly -- the main story -- aung san suu kyi after years of house arrest has called for
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fundamental change, but peaceful revolution in the country. thank you for being with us. >> hello and welcome. >> see the news unfold, get the top stories from around the globe and click to play video reports. go to to experience the in-depth, expert reporting of "bbc world news" online. >> funding was made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. the john d. and catherine t. macarthur foundation. and union bank.
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