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tv   Tavis Smiley  PBS  October 7, 2013 6:00pm-6:30pm EDT

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>> this is "bbc world news." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits to charity and pursuing the common good for over 30 years, and union bank. >> at union bank, our relationship managers use their expertise in global finance to
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work new ventures and provide capital for key, strategic decisions. we offer expertise and tailored solutions in a wide range of industries. what can we do for you? >> and now, "bbc world news america." "bbc world news america." i'm jane o'brien. taking aim at nato, it cause suffering in his country and has shocked words about his rocky relationship with the u.s.. gowhen they want us to along, we don't go along. we will not and we cannot. scene of another string of attacks, a security
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headquarters targeted. ago, she was targeted by the taliban and. she speaks about the day that changed her life. welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. just six months, the people of afghanistan will go to the polls to pick a new president. president karzai will be leaving his post. don't expect him to go quietly. the hacking for the program newsnight.
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>> afghanistan has come a long way. the afghans argue with americans about a bilateral security agreement. continues to be an ally one day and an opponent the next. >> no doubt that the country has come a long way. why do the americans and president obama call you when unreliable partner? because when they want us to go along, we don't go along. when they want us to keep silent when civilians are killed, we cannot. >> was your relationship with president bush better than obama?
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the strategy. is >> those beginning years, there was not much difference of opinion between us. in 2005, when we saw the first incidents of civilian casualties. saw it was not conducted whe it should have been. rather than that, the u.s. and nato forces were conducting operations. you explain the experience? it was one that caused a lot
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of suffering. i am not happy to say that there is partial security. what we wanted was absolute security. >> are you talking about yourself? >> we have a whole system engaged in directions to bring stability to afghanistan. with the afghan government, we can point the taliban to a government job. people,afghan appointing them to elections.
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like all afghans, they are looking for a place to be like all of afghans. lost, they just want to be part of government? they will not affect the taliban anymore. grabs? is up for >> they mustome and talk to us. people to amend
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the constitution. the bilateral agreement defines the u.s. and afghanistan's relationship. is that something that worries you? of course they can live. the agreement has to suit afghanistan's interest and purpose. , we willsn't suit us go separate ways. that is very clear. >> some people say that your legacy has been tainted. is that the legacy you want to leave behind?
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>> it is ineffective. we have just begun. but the hundreds of millions of dollars of corruption, everybody knows that. contracts, the blinin contracts. to buyhrown around afghan officials. policies and designs that they will not agree to. >> there is not a single living -- are youer concerned about your safety when you leave office?
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>> i will be safe. >> thank you for your time. karzai.ng to president i am joined now by former u.s. state department spokesman pj crowdey. harsh words from the president again, criticisms we have learned before. it is political season in afghanistan. the outgoing president wants to remain relevant. criticizing the west is good politics. >> this is how the u.s. sees afghanistan? andt is a failing marriage they are trying to figure out if you divorce quietly.
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there are grievances buildup on both sides. he is not wrong that he is didppointed that the u.s. not put greater pressure on pakistan. the level ofhand, corruption partially fueled by institutionsy weak , i think he is posturing and positioning himself. >> can afghanistan remained secure if the u.s. decides to pull out altering troops? >> international aid is part of it. we have built up a force that cannot exist without meaningful western aid.
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foreign aid is going to dry up. karzai is leaving power very soon. will the next president give the u.s. an opportunity to reset? only a perspective on both sides and a change in the status of the relationship. afghan's hmal to istory. he said ithe things was he wanted an absolute security. was it even possible in afghanistan? about the american enemy in the nation.
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there is a change in respect on both sides where it means there will be meaningful negotiations finding the role of afghanistan to define what role pakistan will play. behappens during the time to the preside's leadership. nicolas sarkozy has been cleared of illegal allegations of fund-raising. claims ofestigating theg -- securing presidential campaign in 2007. for him clear the way to run in the next presidential election.
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hundreds of thousands have gathered in jerusalem. the former chief rabbi died on monday at age 93. still trying to reach residents trapped in the flooded homes in the wake of a typhoon. half a million people have been battered with wind up to 150 kilometers an hour. this mororng, there was a fresh wave of violence across egypt. a car bomb went off at the , coming one day after 50 people were killed in clashes between police and supporters of the muslim brotherhood.
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just how unstable is egypt? but egypt hasle, always been the sense that the institute -- instability tends to be pocketed. these kinds of clashes, even though they are deadly, a relatively confined. incident isg the almost a full-blown insurgency. sinai has a relative security vacuum that started emerging under mubarak in late 2010. a breakdown in security that has worsened since the uprising. seems islamists are taking advantage of the current political situation as a pretext
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for insurgency. >> has the crackdown made is worse? the muslim brotherhood has decapitated the organization and the ability to organize. but it is also hard to change the strategy when you don'n't he the top leaders. shift away from protest and some sort of compromise. separate very phenomenon. no question the insurgency is using the removal as a pretext for violence. cycle do you break this of violence and get the muslim brotherhood back into the fold? >> it will be hard and we should be frank about that. morsi lost control of the country. and ititary stepped in
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was inevitable they would go after the muslim brotherhood because that is the nature of coups. itbe it will get worse, but is pocketed. not completely breaking down society. hampering the ability to turn the economy around. >> they should be focusing on moving forward with a political transition. it will be hard to do because they believe a rightly electeded government has been wrongly toppled. have a new constitution and a new referendum, people will still reject the rules of the game. >> thank you for joining us.
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you are watching bbc world news america. unlocking the secrets of the human brain. scientific project is out to create a supercomputer like no otherer the longest ever journey has begun in moscow. on the way to the sochi winter games. steve rosenberg reports. fanfare for a flame with pomp and plenty of pom-poms. they sent the olympic torch on the journey to sochi. this synchronized swimmer might look like she might drown.
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tothe flame is on its way the start of a marathon journey. >> it will plunge and blast into space. back on earth, there have been problems. good job he was on hand with his lighter. a russian law restricts the flow of information of homosexuality. these olympic volunteers were upbeat. it is a chance for the whole world. surprised.
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a big country, a big show. >> a big journey before the flame finally reaches sochi next february. >> a year ago this week, shot and left for dead near the home in pakistan. crime -- she had to undergo a series of major operations. she now lived in birmingham. >> a day out in birmingham, the
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16-year-old's life was transformed by the attack that nearly killed her. time foren spending her and her family. >> what is the hardest thing about coming to birmingham? coming here, of course. >> your life changed in that moment and in seconds. she first spoke out for girls rights to go to school. >> the world she knew was about to disappear. it came under the brutal rule of the taliban and. -- taliban. i was afraid of my future.
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i don't want to see any girls aid ignored or to be denied a future. i don't want my future just to be sitting in a room and in prison, cooking and giving birth to children. on the night of october last year, her and her friends were traveling on a school bus when it was stopped. >> she was shot in the head, deliberately targeted by the extremists. inent to visit her school the valley. her class was full of bright and articulate girls. they tell me they miss their friends competitive spirit. the new school environment is very different to what she was used to.
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>> do they take their education for granted? students thatell it is very precious and prestigious. it go to school. >> she has made a remarkable physical recovery, undergoing major operations including one .o reattach her facial nerve and thanks to a cochlear implant, her hearing has been restored. monday, tuesday, wednesday, thursday, friday, saturday, sunday. >> she has become the face of the 57 million out of school children. an influence that others
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can't imagine and she still sees herself as an ordinary teenager. >> extraordinary courage there. a major scientific undertaking. an international research project aims to transform our understanding of how the human brain works. it will take a decade to complete. neuroscientists hope to use a supercomputer. smallentists are starting , but have big ambitions to unlock the secrets of the human mind. these lab experiments are trying to reveal how individual neurons interconnect. they have produced a computer model simulating the
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activity of a few thousand neurons. it could answer fundamental questions like how the brain processes thoughts and memories. benefit isntific that we understand what kes the human brain unique. we can underand the mechanisms behind behavior and can diagnose brain diseases. >> to model how the brain functions, we will acquire supercomputer is faster than any that currently exists. this one can do trillions of calculations per second. you need thousands of these machines to try to simulate the brain ability to do complex multiple tasks.
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the brain requires 30 watts of power, the same energy as a light bulb, today's computer equipment will need that energy from this power station. >> that means completely redesigning computers, a task that they are tackling. they created a robot that simulates the way an insect brain responds to individual signals. it is a long way from being artificial intelligence. >> they still struggle to do things that humans find our instinctive. it is possible but very hard. they justify the billion pound price tag. they are a distant process.
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>> a glimpse of the future brings today's broad class to a close. -- broadcast to a close. thank you for watching. >> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits to charity and pursuing the common good for over 30 years, and union bank. >> at union bank, our relationship managers work hard to understand the industry you
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operate in, working to nurture new ventures and help provide capital for key strategic decisions. we offer expertise and tailored solutions in a wide range of industries. what can we do for you? >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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