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tv   Tavis Smiley  PBS  November 4, 2013 6:00pm-6:30pm EST

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>> this is "bbc world news." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits to charity and pursuing the common good for over 30 years, united healthcare, and union bank. >> at union bank, our relationship managers work hard to know your business, offering specialized solutions and capital to help you meet your growth objectives. we offer expertise and tailored solutions for small businesses and major corporations. what can we do for you?
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>> and now, "bbc world news." >> reporting from washington, i am katty kay. the president on trial. the home and morsi insists he is still in egypt's legitimate -- mohamed morsi insists he is still egypt's legitimate ruler. the biggest anti-american protest in decades. and masterpieces of modern art seized by the nazis are discovered all these years later in a small apartment in germany. welcome to our viewers on public television in america, and
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around the globe. a defiant mohamed morsi harangue the judge as he started his trial in egypt today. he is still the country's president and the case against him is therefore illegal. this was his first public appearance since being toppled in july. he is accused of inciting the killing of protesters last year, and must now be transferred to a jail cell. >> a relaxed arrival at court for mohamed morsi. the ousted islamist wore a dark blazer. officials say he refused a prison uniform. only state tv was allowed to film, and released its footage without sound. coaccused joined his in a cage in the same courtroom where his predecessor, hosni mubarak, has been on trial. egypt's first democratically elected president, now behind bars and defiant.
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i am still president of the republic, he shouted, and i am here against my will. what is happening here is providing cover for the military coup. chaos erupted several times. several egyptian journalists were yelling, "execution. xecution." the judge called for quiet, but there were shouting matches between opponents and supporters of morsi. security was incredibly tight, several layers deep. what went on inside the courtroom was a deposed president determined to have his say. mohamed morsi spoke out repeatedly, shouting at the judge even when his voice became horse. to read the hearing, he and his fellow accused kept repeating they did not recognize the court. it was a very different picture last june, when mohamed morsi was triumphant at the ballot box.
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massive protests at his divisive rule. the army removed him, saying it was the will of the people. a military government is in charge now. >> the judicial system in egypt is independent. he was given all the rights to defend himself, same with morsi, same with mubarak. nobody is above the law. >> a human rights campaigner says the trial is part of a campaign against the muslim brotherhood. >> there is a massive crackdown against the muslim brotherhood, and many of their senior and middle rank leaders are already detained without charges. there is a worrying pattern, targeting the brotherhood. met with tearers gas in downtown cairo today.
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the brotherhood is now banned. the former president is facing what looks like justice. >> there were protests in iran today, where demonstrators took to the streets with a familiar refrain. there are demonstrations every year that marked the anniversary of the siege, but these are the biggest in decades. tens of thousands of supporters of hardliners rallied to spew alsool on the u.s., but proposed negotiations with the west. >> there are protests every year on this anniversary. why were these ones so much bigger? is, theimple reason hardliners have been calling for a massive show of support. there is a conservative some
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would consider a hardliner in power. this is the first year in several years the conservatives are in the opposition. they have been fighting america for so long. this president says he might want to enter directly negotiations with the united states. his opponents feel like they have their backs against the wall. how do they respond? they bring thousands of their supporters out onto the street. >> if you are watching these protests from washington, does it make you think that president rouhani's room for maneuver is perhaps not very great? >> that is a very good question. asdoes show the opposition he tries to push through reforms domestically as well. do not forget, before president ahmadinejad, there was another reformer in power. he encountered the same obstacles, the hardliners in control of the judiciary and several seats in parliament.
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they tried to block him every step. later on, he admitted he was not able to achieve the things he wanted to. the same obstacles will now be put in front of the new for domestict just politics, but international as well. this is what is faced every time he tries to create a new rapprochement with the united states. the hardliners here will accuse him of selling out the people from the islamic revolution. >> what did you find at the american embassy building? there wouldxpecting be something of a museum. but it was almost like walking through a time warp into 1979. there was a lot of espionage taking place. the iranians have meticulously preserved so much of the equipment that was there in 1979
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. diplomats in "argo," trying to destroy sensitive documents. those paper shredders are still there, as well as computers and original papers they were able to confiscate from the embassy. the point of this, the iranians say, is to show this is still a big wound for the nation. they still remember to this day that america was trying to interfere in iranian domestic affairs. thatsplit in 1979 -- symbolizes the great gulf now between the united states and iran. >> thank you very much. a quick look at other news from around the world. united states and saudi arabia have sought to play down their differences during a visit by the u.s. secretary of state, john kerry. there have been strains in relations between the long- standing allies, particularly over syria and iran.
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the saudi arabian foreign minister has said that any differences with the u.s. are about tactics rather than goals. men appeared in kenya over their alleged role in the shopping mall attack. all are believed to be somali nationals. he pleaded not guilty to charges which included helping terrorists and entering kenya illegally. nemo can group al-shabaab says it carried out the attack which killed at least 67 people. the americans have a lot to learn. that was the reaction of the pakistan security minister after a drone strike killed the leader of the taliban in his country. they said they were about to start negotiations and was angry with washington for launching the attack the day before talks were due to begin. it is the latest promo and in an already tense relationship, one that is covered in the new book ." gnificent delusions
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i am joined by the former ambassador to the united states. the pakistani government has accused the americans of trying to sabotage these talks. how much has the drone killing of massoud, located the relationship? >> the relationship is sufficiently complicated that anyone event -- that said, the pakistani position has been harsh. the americans did not expect that reaction. an emphasis was put on bilateral targets, at pakistani request. talk tod, we intend to this guy. please do not kill him. there is a difficult pattern of u.s.-pakistan relations. to something the americans think they should not react to. >> that shows the communication.
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whate problem remains that pakistan once in the united states is not what that says it wants from the united states. it only wants resources and military equipment. that is what its real priority is in its relation with the united states. at the same time, america's priorities are our priorities, it announces, which they are not. dance ofrough this shadows between both sides. the americans do not have the ofd of tradition understanding a complex culture or a complex political manipulation and maneuver they could actually get. >> you are suggesting the lack of clarity coming out of islamabad in relation with one issue -- washington has been concerned about is, what it comes to the battle against extremists, the pakistanis say one thing but do another thing. to what extent is that still the case?
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>> if you read the book, that has been the pattern since 1947. pakistan went to work with india, which was not a communist country. pakistan said, if you give us conventional weapons, we will not make nuclear weapons. in case of the extremists and terrorist groups, pakistan's's vision has been, this is blowback from the war against the soviets we fought together. >> when prime minister sharif comes to washington, as he did a couple weeks ago, and says the relationship is back on track -- to what extent is that true? to what extent might it no longer be true? >> i think the prime minister should have said, we are talking again. the question is, will united states or pakistan get out of the delusional approach that they have in their relationship,
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and actually talk straight and say, this is where our national interest is, this is what we expect from you, and this is what you should expect from us. look at the drone issue. the stated position and the real drone are so far apart. pakistan has identified targets to be hit by drones. there needs to be a gap between the stated and the real positions that each side has. >> thank you for coming in. a lot of demonstrations and a lot of difficult relations today. tenseng of those relationships, south korea's president has spoken openly of a deep rift with japan as the country struggles to rein in the country's nuclear activity. in the leader sees no point in a meeting with the japanese leader
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unless japan apologizes for its wartime wrongdoings, as she put them. president began by discussing north korea's nuclear program. heard time trust is and again from the mouth of south korea's president. she uses it to describe her domestic goals, foreign relationships, and her policy toward pyongyang. her departure for europe, she told the bbc that it is hard to trust the north korean leader, because he did not honor his promises, but that any provocation by pyongyang would carry a huge price tag, and her country would never accept a nuclear-armed north korea. >> we cannot repeat the vicious cycle of the past, where north korea's nuclear threats and provocations were met with and then followed by
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renewed provocations and threats. otherwise, north korea will continue to further advance its nuclear capability, and will come to a point where this situation will be even harder to crack. we will not be talking about whether north korea should or should not possess nuclear weapons. but their demands will creep to such an extent that they will be calling for arms reduction or arms talks. and it will be more difficult to deal with this issue. >> after decades of failed negotiations and nuclear tests, pyongyang is getting closer to a deliverable nuclear weapon. it's long-range rocket launch last year, and its most recent nuclear test, have helped bring north korean friends and enemies a little closer together. china asdent describes a very close neighbor, which makes the growing rift between south korea and japan, america's
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biggest allies in the region's -- in the region, more surprising. >> i look to japan as a very important partner with whom we have a lot to work on together, and i hope we can look forward to improved relations. fact is there are certain issues that complicate that from happening. of themple is the issue comfort women. these are women who spend their blossoming years in hardship and suffering, and spent the rest of their life in ruins. and none of these cases have been resolved or addressed. the japanese have not changed any of their positions with regard to this. so let us assume our leaders were to meet at the table. if japan continues to stick to the same historical perceptions and repeat their past comments, what purpose would a summit serve? perhaps it would be better not
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to have one. it would just create more anger amongst the korean people. direction from the south korean president is rare, but the rift is not just a local issue. with new construction seen at north korea's main missile launch site and the restarting of its nuclear reactor, regional cooperation or lack of it could carry real consequences. bbc news, soul. -- seoul. >> the president has a very busy agenda there. the camp and a country under siege. peacekeepers in the central african republic are trying to prevent the religious violence from spreading. 50 years ago, india launched its first rocket into space. this week, the country's intergalactic ambitions will take a further step forward when its unmanned mars orbiter will
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blast off on a nine-month forage over the red planet. the mission is a showcase for india's engineering progress. at the country has been criticized for spending on a space program when it is still home to billions of poor people. what does india hope to achieve? >> the spacecraft has been prepared for a voyage to mars. there, india will become only the fourth country to reach the red planet. >> it is a mission which has a very specific for chris. demonstration of indian technology will reach mars. a very large perspective on that is national pride. if india can be china and reaching mars, imagine what would be the kind of national pride. be a long time before india can make that claim.
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once the spacecraft is launched, it will take quite a while. next year, it will actually reach the orbit of the red planet. all the information it collects will be received right here, but this antenna. link between the earth and india's mars mission. most of this technology is home- grown, and building it costs about a billion dollars a year for india. exploring another planet may not be as useful for india's people as sending satellites into space, but it could give india a much-needed boost in its space race with china, a race in which india has until now been lagging far behind. >> united nations is warning of a potential genocide in the
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central african republic, where it says the government is unable to control armed groups. aid organizations are calling for urgent help. the u.n. chief, ben kee moon, says there has been a total breakdown in law and order. the centeras been in of this violence. we have this report. >> the church -- over 40,000 have sought refuge after their homes were attacked by former rebels. this is a community under siege. camp, as life goes in the people are afraid to leave, even when their homes are just down the road.
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her brother tried to go to town this morning. he was shot dead. this story, however, has a happy ending. the brother was eventually found. badly beaten, but alive. for many of the men who venture out of the camp, the risk of being beaten or worse is high. he goes home whenever he can. there is nothing left, after all the furniture was stolen. says both seleca and muslims are now the enemy. >> i want to not lose my chance at life. for now, i want revenge. this is what i want. , aon the other side of town
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man preaches peace. the community living in fear. both sides.g is on many hundreds have died, mostly civilians. neck andhot in the left for dead as her village was attacked by christian militia. she is the sole survivor of her family. she tells me that when she regained consciousness, she found the body of her father, husband, and children lying dead around her. forceican peacekeeping has been deployed to prevent further violence. but limited resources and too few men mean they may not be able to protect the population for long. it started as a political rebellion is threatening to turn into a full-scale religious conflict. in a vicious circle of attacks and reprisals, the humanitarian situation continues to worsen.
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there is a plan to end the violence and take and taken create measures toward reconciliation. >> reporting from the central african republic, a conflict we have heard very little about. picasso, matisse, chagall -- we know them as the modern masters, but they were labeled degenerate by the nazis and banned in the 1930's. thousands of paintings were confiscated, never to be seen again. now, in one of the largest halls of its kind, 1500 of these paintings have been discovered in a small apartment in europe. the art could be worth more than a billion dollars. is a small flat in munich in which hundreds of millions of pounds of modern art was discovered among soup cans and shoe polish. artworks by 20th- century masters were kept here by the son of a german art dealer who said they had been destroyed, but are now safely in
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this warehouse. they are thought to have been looted by the nazis from jewish and 1940's, 1930's and represent only a fraction of the 16,000 pieces it is now estimated they plundered. are trying to find thousands and thousands of looted paintings. that is true for everybody working in the field. despite expert researchers, who do the most painstaking search to try to trace these works, they are missing. missing, some of them are in collections like this, and some are in museums which have not published what they have. >> german officials have not revealed which paintings are in the tro. one sold after the man was detained, and is an example of what hitler and the nazis considered degenerate art
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-- modern in style and content. >> there were some works which he approved of that he wished to remove, the art with jewish content. were also quite canny and keeping a lot of the very good art. geteemed they intended to that up into collections. >> this elegant modernist from a german jewish artist who emigrated in 1933. he left some of his artwork back in germany, where some was included in the infamous degenerate art show of 1937. the nazis gathered paintings by respected artists such as paul and and vastly kandinsky, subjected them to public ridicule. while these are on public view in london, there has and criticism that the germans are not doing enough to find art looted by the nazis, nor to
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restore it to its rightful owners. >> what an amazing find. thanks for watching. see you back here tomorrow. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits to charity and pursuing the common good for over 30 years, union bank, and united healthcare. >> my customers can shop around, see who does good work and compare costs. it can also work that way with health care. with united healthcare, i get information on quality ratings of doctors, treatment options, and estimates for how much i'll pay. that helps me and my guys make informed decisions. i don't like guesses with my business and definitely not with our health. >> that's health in numbers. united healthcare. >> at union bank, our relationship managers work hard
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to understand the industry you operate in, working to nurture new ventures and help provide capital for key strategic decisions. we offer expertise and tailored solutions in a wide range of industries. what can we do for you? >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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