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tv   BBC World News  WHUT  June 21, 2012 7:00am-7:30am EDT

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>> this is "bbc world news." funding for this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu, newman's own foundation, shell, and union bank. >> at union bank, our relationship managers use their expertise in global finance to guide you through the business strategies and opportunities of international commerce. we put our extended global network to work for a wide range of companies, from small businesses to major corporations. what can we do for you?
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>> at shell, we believe the world needs a broader mix of energies. that's why we're supplying cleaner-burning natural gas to generate electricity. and it's also why, with our partner in brazil, shell is producing ethanol, a biofuel made from renewable sugar cane. >> a minute, mom! >> let's broaden the world's energy mix. let's go. >> the burmese opposition leader addresses both houses of britain's parliament. it is a rare honor given only to the few. and returning on to britain, a symbol of the fight for freedom,
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but just how close is she to achieving that goal? hello and welcome to gnp. i am george alagiah with a world of news and opinion. also on the program, will anders breivik and up in prison or psychiatric hospital? spain pays a heavy arts for its latest debt auction, but there were plenty of takers. what is going on? it is early morning in washington, 7:00 a.m. in -- 7:00 in the evening in shanghai and midday in london. the burmese opposition leader is set to address westminster. it is a rare honor.
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it is a mark of her remarkable journey from prisoner to the international symbol for the fight for political freedom. is all of this too much, too soon for a country that still has a long way to go? more on that in a moment. but first, here is naille. >> aung san suu kyi has already begun her day on her whistle stop tour of europe. she is also due to meet prince charles and the duchess of cornwall. it has been quite a week. on saturday, she was able to violate collect her peace prize. it was aboard -- awarded to her in 1991. >> i understand the significance of the prize. it made me real once again. the nobel peace prize opened up
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a door to my heart. >> after that, she was with pop stars in dublin before heading to britain. they sang her hobby birthday as she arrived at the london school of economics on her 67th birthday. and she popped in to the bbc which had kept her going in the early years of solitary confinement. then it was on to be saluted in latin by her alma mater. this was the most emotional part of her trip so far. it was the city where she spent 40 years as a wife and mother. and she told academics? bird had been the source of many happy memories -- she told academics that oxford had been the source of many happy memories. and then she was able to address both houses of
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parliament. it is a rare honor for heads of state. she will only be the second woman to do it, aside from queen elizabeth herself. to central live london where i am joined by our international coordinator of the burma campaign in the uk. what is your reaction to this trip and are that we have seen on siong seung-hui -- on songs on she -- aung san suu kyi do? >> there are many of us that have been struggling and working very hard for release. it is wonderful and inspiring to see her. the most important thing is the message that she delivers. she has been talking about a political message to make sure
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that they take care of all of the remaining political prisoners in burma, and also for the political refugees, and also to the stoppage peace in burma. >> in a way, all of the pot and germany as a little bit too soon. burma has a long way to go. >> she made clear in her political message the burma still have a long way to go. people are so desperate. this also makes burma, the
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government there must make a strong actions to reward political freedom there. it is also clear that aung san suu kyi's trouble in burma does not mean she is free. -- does not mean that burma is free. >> what does that mean that she is invited by the head of state to britain? >> we think it is too soon. the benchmark of the u.k. and other european countries have is the release of all political prisoners, for the humanitarian aid to be opened up in burma. none of these benchmarks have been met. and it is far too soon that they have been invited into the uk. since he has been the
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president, human rights violations in ethnic areas have been worse. and it has been getting worse up until now. >> the government of britain would argue, would it not, that he has been making it possible for aung san suu kyi to compete in those elections? he has been quite brave and coming here is, in a sense, a reward for that. >> there is some understanding that they need to have some kind of agreement. the president wants international sanctions wronlif. he wants to show the world that he is reforming. but it is actually not deep reform. that is why it is important for the international community to
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pay attention to the political situation in burma. of course, there are been some hopeful encouragements, news in burma. they're out been some changes in some areas -- there have been some changes in some areas. but it is important that the international community pay attention to the human rights violations happening in the ethnic areas as well. >> we ought to leave it there. thank you very much for your time. the election authorities in egypt have postponed the announcement of the winner of the country's presidential election to consider appeals by the two candidates. officials have said the runoff between the muslim brotherhood candidates and the former prime minister could be made public this week. our correspondent is in the
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capitol this week. and what are we to make of the delay in the results? >> on the face of it to my dusting there are reasons to route -- to delay it. the elections commission president said they have received hundreds of complaints from both sides and they have not had time to go through all of them. on the face of it, that seems about it. but there are suspicions that the muslim brotherhood, although it seems likely is it true, is causing concern with the council. these are two political forces that have been fighting each other for decades in egypt. there are those who are saying the military council is a bit wary. and there are others that are saying that it is so close between the two sides that whoever does win, there will be a backlash and turbulence. they want to do this carefully.
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they want this taken seriously because the whole country is awash with rumor mills, whether about a future president, or the health of the old president. >> this clash, if you like, between the military on the one hand and the muslim brotherhood on the other hand, one is bound to ask, where are the thousands of people that we all saw in tahrir square? it is as if that opposition movement is in disarray. >> indeed. you saw those crowds in here last year in tahrir square. other than the blazing heat of the egyptian summer, there are more tense -- tents now. about a dozen have been set up overnight. a stage has been set up with a public address system. people are chanting and with
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every hour that passes, more people come to the square. but it is just hundreds now. the question will be, later when the heat subsides, whether the tensions will be reflected here in the square. everyone is playing it by the negotiations as egypt moved cautiously toward its new future. an >> in indonesia, an air force plane has crashed into a housing complex in the eastern part of a cow -- of the capital and houses are burning. six of the seven crew members aboard the aircraft have been killed. an official of the east of jakarta of fire brigade said the aircraft crashed near a street by the military housing complex. they had been conducting a training flight. firefighters are on site. and staying within indonesia,
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australia and authorities have launched a massive sea rescue operation for up to two on asylum seekers off the coast of christmas island. the vessel there had capsized 120 nautical miles north of christmas island. state television in syria has confirmed in may 21 plane, which was conducting training and exercises -- a mig 21 plane, which was conducting training exercises has landed in jordan. the pilot has passed for political asylum. an arrest warrant has been issued for the man tipped to become pakistan's next prime minister. he is a senior figure in the pakistan people's party. his arrest warrant is linked to the case of an illegal importing of the drug excedrin on ordaz while he was held
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minister. -- excedrin -- a ephedrine while he was health minister. >> this case happened while he was the health minister whereby the drug ephedrine, a quarter was exceeded and large amounts of this drug were imported into pakistan. it can be used illegally to produce drugs for aspirin, but also can be used in the production of narcotics. this case has been hanging over him for some time. but this has just happen on the very day, or at least within 24 hours that it has been announced that he is the leading candidate to take over as new prime minister. there are some saying that all of these ministers deserve it for embezzlement and so on, and if he has been involved in a case like this he deserves being arrested. but there are other saying this
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is a vendetta by the court, and the army potentially in the background, against the ruling people's party. >> still to come. he is famous for satirizing britain's tax avoiders, but now on his accounts are in the firing line. two young tibetan men have set themselves on fire in western china in protest against chinese rule. according to campaign groups, the men set themselves a light in shanghai province and were carrying tibetan independence provides at the time. one of the young men died from his injuries, while the others survived with severe burns. more than 40 months and other supporters have set themselves on fire since last year. >> this happened yesterday in
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shanghai apartments -- province. more than 30 ethnic tibetan have set themselves on fire in that part of china in protest against what they say is beijing's oppressive rule. beijing accuses of the exiled spiritual leader, the dalai lama, of stirring up discontent. he says that this demonstrates the desperation of many tibetans in that part of the country. >> sweden has raised its security level of its nuclear power stations after suspected explosives were found at the plant on the west coast on wednesday. no detonators were found. police say treating -- they are treating the incident as 7 -- -- treating the incident as
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sabotage. the evidence has been flown to stockholm for testing. uruguay has announced plans for the sale of marijuana. all of the government would be allowed to sell it with a registered database. it is part of a plan to remove profits from drug dealers. this is gmt from bbc world news. i am george alagiah. the headlines -- derby is opposition leader aung san suu kyi is set to -- burmese opposition leader aung san suu kyi is set to address both houses of parliament. and enders breivik is back in court in norway. spanish and that
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our actions. they have to -- spanish debt auctions. they ought to pay high interest rates, but a lot of people want to get into it. >> it does beg the question why. i found out the reason being investors strongly believe that spain will get some form of a bailout. it is inevitable, they are telling us. which means buying spanish current debt is less risky than we previously thought. it is not a large amount, but they paid over 6% interest for that. that is still exceptionally high, and in the long term it is unsustainable. but what is important for spain today is we will get the first report from these independent auditors that were commissioned by the spanish government to take a look at the entire banking system and then look at each bank's individually.
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this is the system that is needed to fill those so-called situation. -- the civil situation. this is how important the independent reports are. >> the reason why they are important and why a lot of investors are looking at these is because there is hope they will draw a line in the sand in terms of figuring out how much of a black hole there is in the spanish banking system. but also, what that will mean for the finances of the country as a whole. >> the first report will be arden a couple hours time. we will bring that to you -- will be out in a couple hours time. i will bring that to you. >> there are new figures on china's manufacturing and it is not been very nice reading. >> more evidence of tsin down. -- chin down, they're calling
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it. more evidence of the chinese factories and slowing down. this survey looks and talks to purchasing managers. the p.m. i sound awfully boring, but not at all because it is forward-looking numbers. if they are negative, then that feeds right down through it. we have seen evidence that they are slowing down for the eighth straight month. new export orders are at a three-year low, and that is a worry. what else can the policy makers in beijing do? let's have a listen. >> they could cut interest rates again. some are suggesting we are likely to see another rate cut at some point this year. we need to be a little bit careful to put this in context. we have seen these pmi figures in negative territory for months now. but the total trade volume in may was at an all-time high.
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$343 billion worth of trade flowing in and out of china. this is still an economy that is far from crisis. >> but let me remind everybody beijing is forecasting growth for china at 7.5%. that sounds outstanding, right? but chinese 8% growth to just remain level. -- by china needs 8% growth to just remain level. >> the trial of anders bowring breivik has been an ordeal for the survivors, the relatives of those killed, and the country has all. richard has been following the trial. >> breivik was brought to trial in april. defiant, he gave a neo-nottie salute, prove he had showed -- a
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neo-nazi salute, prove he had shown no remorse. instead, he tried to use the trial as a platform. while acknowledging the attacks he pleaded not guilty, claiming he was defending norwegian society. the following days were painful for relatives and survivors in court. in evidence not televised, breivik described his extreme islamic ideology and how he killed his victims, saying he would do it all again. for the survivors listening to him, it was extremely disturbing. >> it was really hard, and i want to get angry with him. i just feel empty nest inside of me. i cannot -- i just feel emptiness inside of me. i cannot explain it. >> day after day, the number of flowers outside the courtroom.
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an expression of people's continued morning and also revulsion. but still a belief that the trial is necessary. >> i think is necessary for my daughter. it is necessary for me. and it is necessary for norway to hear and to learn. >> but many more difficult days lay ahead. survivors describing how they had watched breivik killing their teenage friends, the lake turning red with blood. graphic medical reports were also read art, detailing the fatal injuries inflicted on so many. it soon became clear in court that breivik had planned the attacks returning to live here in his mother's apartment in 2006, where he spent months planning violent computer games, rehearsing izhak camp -- his killing spree.
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was he saying when he carried got these atrocities? got was a key trial question. -- that was a key question at trial. most to have observed him said they believed he was saying and could be held criminally responsible and sent to prison. but it is for the judges to decide in the coming weeks, whether he will go to prison or a secure psychiatric ward. >> on wednesday, still seeking asylum for the wiki-leaks leader, julian assange. he told authorities he is still weighing the request. assange took refuge in ecuador to avoid extradition to sweden for questioning on allegedly sex crime spirit -- sex crimes.
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in >> we are looking seriously at the request of mr. julian assange. until we finish, we cannot pronounced officially. >> the reasons mr. assange is invoking for not being in -- being extradited, for example, and our constitution the death penalty is not permitted. we have to decide whether these rights have been violated. most tvf britain's comedians has apologized for using illegal, but controversial scheme for reducing his taxes. dave cameron said rltv it appears to be morally wrong. -- said on tv appears to be morally wrong. >> that was the man himself, jamaica, famous for criticizing the practices of -- jimmy goff, famous for criticizing the practices of british banking.
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he said he made a terrible mistake and is no longer involved in the banking scheme. give a brief idea of what these games are trying to do. >> as you say, he is very well known and that is why the attention has been on this comedian, jimmy carter. he has made jokes about -- jokescarr. he has made jokes about it and made plenty of attacks. there are thousands of these tax practitioners and encouraging people to do with as well. in his case, the scheme involved in not being paid a salary on income directly by an employer or someone you had a contract with, but passing the money to someone else would then lend you money, and variations of this game are practiced around the world. and there is a climate to crack down on this sort of thing. >> and there is an error in
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britain that the rich must carry their fair share -- an error in britain that the rich must carry their fair share. >> and he had over $5 million in the scheme last year. the an ror in this. the greeks as well ands believes that $10 billion is being avoided in this sort of way. other countries have had to deal with this. th>> funding was made possible y the freeman foundabout new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu, newman's own foundation, there's plenty more to come. >> funding was made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu, newman's own foundation, union bank, and shell. union bank, and shell. >> at shell, we believe the
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world needs a broader mix of energies. that's why we're supplying cleaner-burning natural gas to generate electricity. and it's also why, with our partner in brazil, shell is producing ethanol, a biofuel made from renewable sugar cane. >> a minute, mom! >> let's broaden the world's energy mix. let's go. let's go.
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