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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  January 19, 2015 7:30pm-8:01pm EST

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>> this is "bbc world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by -- the freeman foundation. newman's own foundation giving all profit from newman's own to charity, and pursuing the common good. kohler foundation -- kovler foundation. and mufg. >> they say the oldest trees near the sweetest fruit.
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we believe in nurturing banking relationships for centuries with strong financial partnerships for the years to come. providing the resources and stability to thrive. we build relationships that build the world. >> and now "bbc world news america." >> reporting from washington, i and laura trevelyan. the town in nigeria attacked a boko haram militants -- we hear from those who still do not know the fate of their families. >> you do not know whether they are alive? >> i do not know. they could have died. i don't know. >> heavy fighting breaks out near the presidential palace in yemen, posing a threat to the government. and he captured a key moment in the civil rights movement. we speak to the photographer who shot this iconic picture of
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martin luther king jr. welcome to our viewers on public television in america, and also around the globe. in nigeria, eyewitnesses have been describing the destruction and loss of life in the northeastern region after attacks by boko haram. the attack could be the deadliest to date, with amnesty international saying 2000 civilians may have been killed a claim the nigerian army's is. it. despite the attack two weeks ago, new accounts are coming to light. our reporter tracked down some of those who managed to flee. >> what happened in the nigerian town remains a mystery.
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trying to find out means a 15 hour journey into the desert. we set out early on semitruck to drive through reverse -- rivers, and were carried across others by makeshift rafts. finally, by lake chad, some of the thousands who fled. we found seven-year-old fatima on her own inconsolable, calling for her father. when we met her mother in the camp, she told us of that day. >> my husband had gone to buy fish when the attack began. we later found his body floating in the lake, his hands tied, his throat cut.
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>> she is now alone, forced to beg in a neighboring village to feed her three small girls. most of these women, children, and men have lost relatives in the attack. they say boko haram fighters hunted them down as they ran into the bush. whatever happened on the day of the attack, it is clear there was absolute panic. people fled in all directions. families are now separated, with no means of finding each other again. >> a 31-year-old found her way here alone. in the terrifying confusion, he lost sight of his wife and baby. >> whether they are alive, i don't know. >> how do you feel about that? >> [indiscernible]
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i am not feeling good. i cannot sleep. it tonight, i went to my bedroom, i could start screaming. i am just thinking of them. quick thinking about your family. >> who i have lost. >> aid agencies are starting to distribute kits. everyone on this island arrived with nothing at all. not even a blanket. there have been claims that as many as 2000 people were massacred. these counts were certainly overestimated. this looks more and more like a regional war. bbc news in lake chad. >> boko haram islamist
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extremists are carrying out attacks on three fronts -- bombing cities, scorched earth tactics in rural areas, and assaults on police spaces. -- faces. a look at why the nigerian army is unable to stop them. >> a show of strength by -- by nigerian soldiers, who look well equipped and ready for action. for the last 18 months, thousands of soldiers have been deployed to the northeast. but the fight against boko haram has been a disaster. the jihadists have increased in strength and captured territory, often sending troops fleeing. i met some soldiers who were dismissed last week after serving on the battlefront. they were accused of disobeying orders, but they say they were ill-equipped, outgunned, and at times their armored vehicles ran out of fuel. >> the next thing you would do is just abandon it. >> what happened to the vehicle?
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>> i feel insulted. i feel embarrassed. i feel defeated. >> in the latest attack, boko haram titers crossed the border into cameron where they abducted men, women, and children. some have been rescued by the cameroon military, but dozens more in nigeria. as the crisis deepens, serious problems within the military have an exposed. but this is no longer a problem just for this country. it has become a regional one. the growing insecurity has prompted neighboring chad to deploy some 2000 troops. it has one of the best equipped and trained armies in the region. the soldiers are in northern cameroon to bolster the fight against boko haram. with concern in west africa growing, the president of ghana has called on europe and the african union to do more.
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>> i am encouraged by the news that chad moved through cameroon. terrorism affects the whole of the world. we cannot ignore terrorism in any part of the world, because it has a tendency to grow like a cancer. >> nigeria's neighbors have long promised to work together against boko haram, but so far there has been little cooperation between the armies, and too much mistrust. that has played right into the hands of the jihadists, whose brutal campaign of violence is spreading. bbc news, nigeria. >> what is it that fuels groups like boko haram and spurs their violent extremism? and her new book, sarah chase argues that government corruption often plays a major role. she joined me to discuss her findings. you are just back from nigeria. how do you think is fueling the rise of boko haram?
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>> particularly at the beginning, boko haram was seen by many people to kick back against corruption. the public integrity was so devastatingly lacking that it was as though you had to have -- you had to seek a more pure, private morality in order to achieve public integrity. >> you write that nigeria has a curse of being rich in oil. is boko haram seen as immune from that corruption? >> the oil corruption has to do with who controls the oil resources. boko haram does not control oil resources. they are or were lashing out at the representatives of a kleptocratic system. but when people go to extremes, when they turn to violence, often the whole situation spins out of control. i think that is what we have seen in nigeria and iraq, and
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what we saw in northern ireland. >> there is so much in the wake of the paris attacks about islamic radicalization. when you look at a country like yemen, a link between corruption and the fueling of extremism -- >> what really struck me is the analysis that i derived on afghanistan resonated from people with half a dozen other countries around the world, in each of which there was a violent religious insurgency. doing this research, i found there is a link between this issue of public corruption which is both a material issue and a moral issue and the rise of militant. chemical religion. you see it in islam today. you see it in afghanistan pakistan, central asia, nigeria.
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but you also, going back historically, can see it in the rise of militant protestantism in the 16th century. >> the state of what is happening in the middle east -- what can the u.s. and its allies do to curb the corruption that is fueling extremism? is there anything they can do? >> in iraq, what did the united states do? it immediately allies itself with the most corrupt autocratic regimes in the middle east, thereby basically proving the very propaganda that al qaeda and isis have been disseminating about the united states. what the u.s., great britain, or other western countries should do is stop actively enabling this corruption by engaging in pay to play relationships that these regimes, where we exchange foreign assistance for sure term strategic objectives we might have.
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>> thank you for joining us. >> thanks for having me. >> in yemen, it has been a day of dramatic events. it started with heavy fighting between toothy rebels and the army -- tutsi rebels and the army. then hutu fighters surrender the prime minister's residents. >> a rebel roadblock in son -- sanaa, i sign off the challenge to the government. the flareup has rattled the capital and its residents. government forces way of the president's residence as gunbattles raged nearby, and smoke and dust of explosions added to the sense of alarm. each side has blamed the other for starting at all. it has added to the chaos in the arab world's current -- poorest
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country, long plagued by personal rivalries. one minister called it an attempted coup, and it has raised questions over whether the fragile government can survive. >> it is on the brink, and it has been for some time. it has always come back from the brink without actually falling off it. the president is extremely weak right now. if he survives another few months, it will be lucky, i think. >> the events are also a reminder that the president and his government have struggled to establish their authority since his long serving predecessor was forced out in 2011. he is still accused of seeking advantage from and fomenting the chaos. there are hints of regional rivalries between saudi arabia and iran. the instability is confronting washington efforts to face a dangerous branch of al qaeda.
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>> from around the world the organization of security cooperation in europe has warned that conditions are deteriorating in eastern ukraine. civilians, especially children, were getting caught up in the fighting. they suffered casualties during searching findings and dust a surge in fighting around donetsk. an algerian -- a journalist has been found dead after his investigation into the bombing of a jewish center 20 years ago. he appears to have committed suicide. iran has confirmed that a senior general was killed in an airstrike on sunday. members of hezbollah were also killed in the attack. the fight was aimed at stopping an attack on israeli soil.
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scientists investigating the existence does the resistance of malaria parasites say they have found the genetic locations. it always emerges first at the thau=i-cambodia border. pope francis is upholding caplet that catholic teaching on birth control does not mean breeding like rabbits. why these very blunt remarks from the top? >> the pope asked a very direct question while we were traveling on the plane from the philippines. a journalist said to him what is right? he had seen in the philippines many families who could not afford to feed or keep those children. was the church right to ban
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artificial contraception? the pope took this head-on on using blunt language. it may sound quite liberal and reformist, but is only a statement of catholic doctrine. he said the church did not expect people to "be like rabbits." then he said, "excuse my expression." he said there were methods people could use, natural birth control methods, that would allow people to be responsible in the number of children they have. this was not a pope suggesting artificial birth control is all right. he was restating catholic doctrine, but with a compassionate touch that families should not yield obliged to keep having -- feel obliged to keep having children they cannot afford. >> still to come, china has enjoyed an economic boom, but could be headed for a deep freeze?
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we look at what could pull it down. police fired tear gas at primary school children protesting a playground being seized by a property developer. ed thomas reports now. >> it is the primary school protest. children at him as 7 -- as young as seven chanting for what they say is their playground. within minutes, the walls keeping them out are torn down. and then, the patients of kenya postel riot police is finally worn down. tear gas rises up, smothering the protesters and the children. >> we decided to throw the tear gas.
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>> the police did? >> they were hitting us with sticks. >> could you believe that peace would do that to children? -- that the police would do that to children? there is an uneasy standoff between the pupils, parents, and teachers. if you look alongside the wall that was built here over christmas, you can see the riot police with batons and shields. the problem is what kenyans call land grabbing. the playground has been bought by a private company. he says they now own all of this land. the school says it is theirs, and wants it back. police say they were here to keep the peace. but officers brought teargas and automatic rifles to a primary school. >> i am disappointed at what the police are doing. >> this violent dispute will be settled by the government. campaigners say they will make
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sure the children get their lands back. bbc news, nairobi. >> china's leaders are used to economic growth that is the envy of the world. but the prime minister said the economy faces significant downward pressure this year. this comes ahead of key growth figures do want to stay. our china editor went to a northeast city, and she is feeling the pinch facing the world's second-largest economy. >> the law of gravity says that when the family go up, they must come down. but for the past three decades the chinese economy has not lived by the law of gravity. which is why it is called a miracle. a family day out at the ice festival. they have never had it so good
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and they expect their children's lives to be better still. but beyond the winter wonderland , the city looks like this. a miracle economy in trouble. enterprise choked by state factories. a real estate bubble. spiraling debt. if the chinese stop their risky habits, the economy might freeze altogether. they have to take pains in the short-term for more sustainable growth in the future. the government calls it "the new normal." part of this new normal is more private enterprise. when he is not out with the family, the father is in his shop, selling prayer accessories for buddhists. religion is growing fast, especially among business people. a string of prayer beads can
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sell for up to 10,000 pounds. >> i like to spend more on buying better quality products. i am confident this market is going to keep growing. after all, people think praying will help their business. if things go well for me, i will move to a bigger shop. >> dad has big dreams, but right now mom is the main breadwinner. she runs an elevator repair business, which has helped pay the extra costs of having to children in the country where you are only supposed to have one. slower growth is hurt their income, but she says short-term pain is worth it for long-term gain. >> a slower economy is actually better for us, because it is steadier. our generation is already so much better off than our parents, and it is going to be even better for our kids. it is the quality of growth that
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matters, not its bead. -- it's speed. >> china has gotten used to speed. slowing down and making space for the market is the price now. but new direction, new danger. it is a risky transition from fairytale to new normal. carrie gracie, bbc news. >> tough times ahead for china as their record economic growth is likely to slow. today is a federal holiday here in the u.s. to mark the assassination of the civil rights leader martin luther king jr. this year, it comes around the same time as the release of the oscar-nominated film open at selma yurko -- film "selma." it tells the story of a march in alabama in 1965. a photographer from that student newspaper is now -- has his work on display. we went to have a look.
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>> selma alabama, 1965, 1 of the most climactic battles of the struggle for black equality, and what became known as bloody sunday. protesters were bludgeoned for demanding the basic right to vote. this is hollywood's take in a movie marking the 50th anniversary. but these images were captured through the lens of stephen sommers team, the editor of a student newspaper in new york determined to chronicle the great social revolution of the age. >> i quickly called a staff meeting, and i decided i would do the photography. i would bring along a reporter with me. we would leave that night to join them on the buses. we went home to our families. i told my mother, i am leaving for alabama tonight, which came as somewhat of a shock to her.
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>> it was at a rally that martin luther king addressed in the state capital that the young photographer captured what became an iconic image. >> i have been photographing dr. king from the front of the platform. i had taken shots on all sides in the front. when i got to the center one where i photographed him with the microphone and the halo around him, i then turned around 180 degrees and looked at the crowd, and saw this huge array of 25,000 people listening to him in rapt attention. i turned around and looked at king and said, i know the shot i want. just in that instant, i visualized exactly the image that i wanted and i came up with. and i said, now i have to do it. >> the exhibition in new york comes at a time of heightened racial tensions across america
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following the events in ferguson and staten island. >> what differs from that time and now is that we have worked greatly to expand the franchise to all americans. but we are a human society, and that means we factionalized sometimes, and we have to correct ourselves and move or were again. -- move forward again. what we are seeing in society today is one that is far and away better than the society that existed back then. but it does not mean we are without fault. >> the southern writer william faulkner famously said, the past is never dead. it's not even past. bbc news, new york. >> the story behind the unforgettable image of martin luther king, bringing today's show to a close. you can find more of all the days news at the website. to reach me and the team, go to twitter. for all of us here at "world
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news america," thank you for watching, and please tune in tomorrow. ♪ ♪ >> make sense of international news at >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation newman's own foundation giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, and mufg. >> build a solid foundation, and you can connect communities for
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centuries. that is the strength behind good banking relationships, which is why at mufg, we believe financial partnerships should endure the test of time. what matters in the end is that you are strong enough to support change. mufg, we build relationships that build the world. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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welcome to antiques roadshow from new york city. woman: it was kind of the ugly duckling. nobody really wanted it. i think it's beautiful. you got the booby prize. woman: these are pictures of my husband when he was about two years old taken by the photographer weegee. well, it looks like he's having a lot of fun. i saw your knees go out a little bit there for a second. you did? what treasures did we find in the big apple? stay tuned. now, the people who make antiques roadshow possible. dad's beloved painting. oil on velvet. it's decorated your walls for years.


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