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tv   CBS Evening News With Scott Pelley  CBS  December 16, 2013 6:30pm-7:01pm EST

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>> pelley: tonight, spying on americans loses in court. in a first, a judge rules that anti-terror surveillance violates privacy. john miller has an unprecedented look inside the agency responsible. a study released this evening advises americans to stop taking vitamins. dr. jon lapook explains. the f.d.a. asks whether antibacterial soap really works. jeff pegues reports.
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liz palmer has a rare interview with iran's foreign minister. >> reporter: would you like to see in your lifetime a u.s. embassy reopening in tehran? >> pelley: and for the first time, a baseball player's brain shows evidence of injury from concussions. michelle miller on head injuries and america's past time. captioning sponsored by cbs this is the "cbs evening news" with scott pelley. >> pelley: good evening. a federal judge in washington ruled today that the government's collection of phone records of millions of americans is likely unconstitutional. it is the first time that a federal court has ruled against the once secret surveillance program which was exposed by national security agency leaker edward snowden. in a blistering attack, judge richard leon said he has little doubt that the author of our constitution, james madison,
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?o9sb be aghast at what judge leon said amounts to an unreasonable search. the judge granted a preliminary injunction to stop the government from collecting the records of the two men who brought the challenge, but then he put that order on hold in the face of a likely appeal. senior correspondent john miller is former deputy director of national intelligence and, john, what is the n.s.a.'s argument for collecting this information? >> well, scott, this is all about collecting the massive database of phone numbers dialed by americans. now, the n.s.a. is legally barred from spying on americans, but the agency is supposed to gather foreign intelligence that will help prevent another terrorist attack on u.s. soil. now, since 2006 wherever the n.s.a. has learned of a phone number being used by a terrorist group overseas one of the first things they want to know is, is that suspect talking to anyone in the united states. to answer that question, the n.s.a. obtained a blanket order from the foreign intelligence
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surveillance court. it allows the agency to collect the records of what numbers were called by what other numbers and when. the database contains no names, just the numbers, times, and dates. the lawsuit brought by privacy advocates claims that the massive data collection by the n.s.a. violates privacy. the court ruled that the n.s.a. should get an individual court order to obtain the records in each case rather than relying on a massive database. the n.s.a.'s director told me in an interview for "60 minutes" that that would present problems for his agency in tracking terrorism suspects on u.s. soil. >> well, the reality is, if you go and do a specific one for each, you have to tell the phone companies to keep those call detail records for a certain period of time. so if you don't have the data someplace, you can't search it. the other part that's important: phone companies, different phone companies, have different sets of records and these phone calls may go between different phone
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companies. if you only go to one company, you'll see what that phone company has, but you may not see what the other phone company has or the other. so by putting those together, we can see all of that, essentially, at one time. >> reporter: in a written opinion, the court called the program: >> pelley: now, john, when the snowden revelations came out, the president put a commission together to look at whether the n.s.a.'s practices should be changed. that commission has written a report, it's not public yet, but you have some information about what they've come up with. >> so interestingly, apropos to today, our sources say that commission is going to recommend largely the same thing, which is that the n.s.a. stop keeping that massive database. that it either live somewhere else-- maybe at the phone
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companies-- and that they get an individual court order for each case. just important to note: the database is just telephone numbers, there's no names in it. to do that, they'd have to give that to the f.b.i. and track down who that number belongs to using warrants and things like that. >> pelley: john, thanks very much. it caught our eye this evening when a top medical journal strongly advised moat americans to stop taking vitamins. publication, "annals of internal medicine", said vitamins are largely useless and can be dangerous. most americans don't think so, 52% of adults take a multivitamin. vitamin sales this year are estimated to be more than $11 billion. we asked dr. jon lapook to fill us in. >> reporter: the headline of the editorial accompanying today's studies offers some blunt consumer advice. "enough is enough: stop wasting money on vitamin and mineral supplements." dr. edgar miller of johns hopkins is one of the authors of the editorial. >> the stop wasting your money means that perhaps you're
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spending money on things that you -- that aren't going protect you long term. what will protect you if you can spend that money on fruits, vegetables, nuts, beans, low-fat dairy, things like that, exercising, would probably be a better use of the money. >> reporter: the three studies in the "annals of internal medicine" found routine multivitamin and mineral use did little or nothing to prevent heart disease, cog anity decline and cancer. one trial cited suggests high doses of a supplement may actually be harmful. vitamin "e" at a higher dose than in most multivitamins increased the risk of prostate cancer. >> many people take the vitamins, they they they're taking them to prevent chronic disease. they don't. >> reporter: steve mister is with the council for nutritional responsibility which represents the industry. >> we know consumers are not getting the recommended nutrients they need everyday, with their hectic life-styles and diets they simply need to fill in those nutrient gaps that they don't get from the foods they eat.
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and multivitamins do that. >> reporter: it's true multivitamins replace the vitamin gap but don't supply other nutrients that people get from eating food. researchers fear some people are getting a false sense of security by relying on a pill rather than a proper diet. supplements are recommended for women who are pregnant and for people with certain conditions like celiac disease where the body cannot properly absorb nutrients. >> pelley: thank you very much, doctor. 17-year-old claire davis remains in critical condition this evening. she's the student who was shot on friday at a high school in centennial, colorado. rick salinger of cbs station kcnc has the latest. >> reporter: this makeshift memorial appeared at arapaho high school where classes will not resume until after the new year. friday's attack lasted just 80 seconds. >> reporter: investigators have reviewed recordings from school cameras to track carl
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pierson's movements. the 18-year-old legally purchased the 12 gauge shotgun he used just last week and bought multiple rounds of ammunition on friday. police say he fired five times at random and hit 17-year-old claire davis in the head. but his primary target was debate coach and librarian tracy murphy. students say murphy had taken disciplinary action against pierson after the student threatened him. joe redmond was pierson's friend. >> it began with the speech he wrote and it escalated from there and karl took himself so seriously he thought that when we said no to that speech we were saying no to him. >> reporter: a sheriff's deputy assigned to arapaho and a guard were in the school at the time but pierson shot himself in the library before they could reach him. pierson's family released this statement today.
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>> reporter: scott, in another statement, the family of claire davis said she remains in a coma in critical but stable condition. >> pelley: rick salinger, thank you very much, rick. today the f.b.i. said that this year its agents prevented 150 attacks like the one in colorado. the bureau is working with communities to spot potential threats early and our homeland security correspondent bob orr gotten a inside look at how it works. >> reporter: andre simmons runs an f.b.i. unit charged with stopping mass shootings before they happen. three times a week, simmons and the behavioral threat assessment center confront a case dealing with a potential shooter identified through tips from churches, police, campus security and businesses. >businesses. when you study somebody, what is it that jumps off the page at you that this is a real problem, perhaps? >> what we look at is is there a
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fascination with previous attacks? is there an overwhelming sense of a downward spiral. >> often in mass shootings, as in the attacks of the colorado movie theater and the washington navy yard, gunmen reveal warning signs to coworkers, neighbors or classmates. simmons says when the f.b.i. gets an early heads up about threatening behavior analysts work to redirect the subject from violence to mental health treatment, monitoring, or custody. the f.b.i. team research it is subject's background and often interviews the person and acquaintances. in the past year, the behavioral team has tackled 150 cases. not one resulted in violence. so this isn't about making arrests or locking people up, this is about stopping events. >> while prosecution obva]asly remains in the f.b.i. one of our main priorities, we really think prevention is even better. >> reporter: still, the challenge is growing. friday's gunfire at a colorado high school is the latest reminder. >> these active shooters are continuing, so we're doing
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everything we can to unite mental health care resources with law enforcement and make a positive change. >> reporter: now, in one case the f.b.i. interviewed a man who had a shooting range in the basement of his home where he also used pictures of his roommates has targets. we're told the man abused animals and collected firearms but, scott, once contacted by the f.b.i. team he sought mental health treatment. >> pelley: bob orr in our washington newsroom. thanks, bob. today we learned of another high level contact between the eyes and iran. secretary of state john kerry and foreign minister javad zarif talked by phone over the weekend about the proposed nuclear deal and about moves by the u.s. to punish companies who are doing business with iran in violation of economic sanctions. zarif also sat down with our elizabeth palmer and she joins us now from tehran. liz? >> reporter: good evening, scott. yes, that telephone conversation took place after a diplomatic scuffle on the weekend. the united states suddenly added
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a whole new list of companies to its sanctions list and took iran by surprise. but it all seems to be smoothed over now and the iranian foreign minister told me that iran very much wants to stay the course on these negotiations. >> we are committed to the implementation of the plan of action that we adopted in geneva, but we believe that it takes two to tango. >> reporter: some of your bitterest opponents are right here in iran. >> i can tell you that we are -- we all have opponents. secretary kerry has his opponents, president obama has his opponents, president rouhani has his opponents, i have my opponents. so let us try to deal with this based on logic, based on equal footing, based on mutual respect and based on our national interests. >> reporter: are your opponents here powerful enough to blow this process up? >> no. >> reporter: but in a country where the old american embassy is still known as the nest of spies, zarif's religious hard-line opponents would dearly love to see him fail.
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especially as he's willing to contemplate that a deal on the nuclear program could lead to somewhere much more radical. would you like to see in your lifetime a u.s. embassy reopening in tehran? >> it requires many changes. it requires the united states gaining trust of the iranian people. the iranian people don't trust the united states right now. but whether it's possible, of course it's possible. whether i'd like to see it, of course i'd like to see normalization of relations. but based on equal footing, based on mutual respect and based on mutual interests. i believe we have a long way to go. >> pelley: a long way to go but just an early start so far. the rouhani government, liz, has only be in power about six months. how are they doing at home? reporter: well, they are able to tell their people that they are in negotiations with the united states and they have some limited sanctions relief. it's not going to really do
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much. $7 billion is a drop in the bucket for a country this size. but it has given people some hope that they may see more relief from the next year. they need to get inflation down from 40% to 25%-- a big job. >> pelley: liz palmer reporting for us tonight in tehran. thank you, liz. do antibacterial soaps do what the makers claim? the f.d.a. weighs in. and a brain disease found in football players is now linked to baseball. when the "cbs evening news" continues. across america people are taking charge
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of their type 2 diabetes with non-insulin victoza®. for a while, i took a pill to lower my blood sugar, but it didn't get me to my goal. so i asked my doctor about victoza®. he said victoza® is different than pills. victoza® is proven to lower blood sugar and a1c. it's taken once-a-day, any time, and comes in a pen. and the needle is thin. victoza® is not for weight loss, but it may help you lose some weight. victoza® is an injectable prescription medicine that may improve blood sugar in adults with type 2 diabetes when used with diet and exercise. it is not recommended as the first medication to treat diabetes and should not be used in people with type 1 diabetes or diabetic ketoacidosis. victoza® has not been studied with mealtime insulin. victoza® is not insulin. do not take victoza® if you have a personal or family history of medullary thyroid cancer, multiple endocrine neoplasia syndrome type 2,
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>> pelley: tonight, a brain disease often associated with football, boxing and other sports in which concussions are common is, for the first time, being linked to baseball. michelle miller that researchers found signs of in the the brain of a player who committed suicide last year. >> play at second and it hits the runner. >> reporter: major leaguer ryan freel was not an all-star but he built a reputation over eight years in the big leagues as the guy who would do anything to make a play. >> it looks like he gets hit both right in the head and then also you can see the face go very hard into the dirt. >> reporter: freel said he suffered ten concussions by the time he retired in 2010. last december, the 36-year-old father of three shot himself. mornorma vargas is his mother. >> things made him unhappy. he would get sad, very sad. >> reporter: freel's family
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suspected his concussions played a role. they donated his brain tissue to this lab where boston university researchers study chronic traumatic encephalopathy, or c.t.e . it's believed the disease is triggered by blows to the head. brain tissue breaks down, which is the cause of memory loss and dementia. bob stern is cofounder of the university's research center. >> in some individuals it can increase problems with impulse control. it can lead to depression and suicidality. >> i feel better that there's a great study about this illness and that things could change in the years to come. >> reporter: the disease has been associated with pro-football, as we said, which has changed some of the rules to reduce the risks. and, scott, major league baseball announced it would ban home-plate collisions by 2015. >> pelley: michelle, thanks very much. tonight we want to take note of the passing of two hollywood
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stars. joan fontaine died yesterday at the age of 96. she won an academy award in 194 for the hitchcock capito thrillr "suspicion" beating out her sister, olivia de havilland. peter o'toole's record eight oscar nominations without a win "mcluded lawrence of arabia and y favorite year." o'toole died on saturday. he was 81. we'll be right back. the deal he and mom made with me when i was ten. he said, "you get the grades to go to college -- and we'll help out with the school of your choice." well, i got the grades and, with dad's planning and a lot of hard work, i'm graduating today with a degree in marine biology. i'm so thankful and excited about the future. [ male announcer ] for strategies on how to help your family achieve financial success, visit wow...look at you. i've always tried to give it my best shot. these days i'm living with a higher risk of stroke
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>> >> pelley: today food and drug administration said it has no evidence that special antibacterial soaps are any better at killing germs than just regular soap and water. even worse, the f.d.a. says that some ingredients in the antibacterial soaps can be harmful. here's jeff pegues. >> reporter: the f.d.a. is concerned that makers of liquid hand soap or body wash are promising results they just can't deliver. dr. sandra kweder is with the f.d.a. >> in fact, most of tillnesses in today's households and public places are viral illnesses, not bacterial illnesses. these products would have no affect on them at all. >> reporter: the f.d.a. decision also suggests the products may actually pose a health risk. they cite published reports showing long-term exposure could alter hormone levels in animals, conditions that in humans could lead to early on set puberty and infertility. the f.d.a. is especially concerned about ingredients like triclosn, commonly found in
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liquid soaps. now the companies making the products will be required to provide the f.d.a. with updated data on their products' safety and effectiveness that includes the results of clinical studies. the mesh cleaning institute represents 130 companies that make cleaning supplies. the group says they are perplexed that the f.d.a. would suggest there is no evidence that antibacterial soaps work. briansansoni is a spokesman. >> we believe the data shows these products are safe and effective and we certainly hope the f.d.a. realizes that. >> reporter: the f.d.a. is not asking these companies to take their products off store shelves immediately, scott. this is a proposal. any sort of rule change is still about two years away. >> pelley: jeff, thanks very much. beyonce's new album has set a record. americans downloaded it more than 600,000 times in three days. that's more than any other ago bum has sold in its first week and it comes without promotion.
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some folks believe this pill can cure just about anything. but you're not going to like what's in it. that's in a moment. nistan in 20. on the u.s.s. saratoga in 1982. [ male announcer ] once it's earned, usaa auto insurance is often handed down from generation to generation because it offers a superior level of protection and because usaa's commitment to serve current and former military members and their families is witheout qual. begin your legacy. get an auto insurance quote. usaa. we know what it means to serve. diarrhea, gas, bloating? yes! one phillips' colon health probiotic cap each day helps defend against these digestive issues with three strains of good bacteria. live the regular life. phillips'. live the regular life. but with less energy, moodiness, and a low sex drive,y first. i saw my doctor.
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a blood test showed it was low testosterone, not age. we talked about axiron. the only underarm low t treatment that can restore t levels to normal in about 2 weeks in most men. axiron is not for use in women or anyone younger than 18 or men with prostate or breast cancer. women especially those who are or who may become pregnant and children should avoid contact where axiron is applied as unexpected signs of puberty in children or changes in body hair or increased acne in women may occur. report these symptoms to your doctor. tell your doctor about all medical conditions and medications. serious side effects could include increased risk of prostate cancer; worsening prostate symptoms; decreased sperm count; ankle, feet or body swelling; enlarged or painful breasts; problems breathing while sleeping; and blood clots in the legs. common side effects include skin redness or irritation where applied, increased red blood cell count, headache, diarrhea, vomiting and increase in psa. ask your doctor about axiron.
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it's not the "fumbling around with rotating categories" card. it's not the "getting blindsided by limits" card. it's the no-game-playing, no-earning-limit-having, deep-bomb-throwing, give-me-the-ball-and-i'll-take- it-to-the-ho cuse,ash back card. this is the quicksilver cash card from capital one. unlimited 1.5% cash back on every purchase, everywhere, every single day. so let me ask you... what's in your wallet? >> pelley: it's about the last thing new york city needed but scientists have confirmed a new
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species of cockroach has come to town. the bugs apparently were stow aways in the soil of plants imported from asia. roaches have a much better reputation in asia, as seth doane found out down on the fa farm. >> reporter: set just off a free way in china's shandong province, this location isn't exactly appealing. but then again, neither is what's inside-- cockroaches, tens of millions of them. wang fu ming is part etymologist, part farmer and chief admirer. "i've been interested in insects since i was eight years old" he told us. 16 years ago, he started farming these critters commercially-- yes, there is a market. "business is very good" he told us. "many pharmaceutical factories make products with them." almost all of his roaches are used in traditional chinese
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medicine. he claims they can cure what ails you-- from the heart to the liver to the lungs. ground cockroach has been used to treat wounds and even as an ingredient in toothpaste. wang took us in to see where the roaches are raised. oh, my gosh. his relaxed demeanor did not rub off. okay, could you just stand there, don't come too close. they feed the roaches wheat shavings and vegetables for four months, then they're boiled, dried and some are crushed to put into pill form-- which is much easier to stomach. wang says he makes $160,000 a year from these bugs. wow! this is all filled with rock coaches? on special occasions, wang says, they can even be part of dinner. he fried some so that we could see. and insisted that isle imparts
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the most flavor. we took his word for it. seth doane, cbs news, shandong province, china. >> pelley: and that's the "cbs evening news" for tonight. for all of us at cbs news all around the world, good night. captioning sponsored by cbs captioned by media access group at wgbh we begin the newscast with breaking news from northwest washington. a two-alarm fire broke out in an apartment building in the 2500 block of calvert street. we are told the flames first broke out in an apartment on the fifth floor. the fire also spread to the sixth floor. people were evacuated from their homes. that apartment building is just across the street from the motel. flames, we are told, are currently under control. fighters are bringing in fans to lp


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