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The BITSAVERS.ORG Documents Library: International Business Machines

International Business Machines Corporation (NYSE: IBM), or IBM, is an American multinational technology and consulting corporation, with headquarters in Armonk, New York, United States. IBM manufactures and markets computer hardware and software, and offers infrastructure, hosting and consulting services in areas ranging from mainframe computers to nanotechnology.

The company was founded in 1911 as the Computing Tabulating Recording Company (CTR) through a merger of three companies: the Tabulating Machine Company, the International Time Recording Company, and the Computing Scale Company. CTR adopted the name International Business Machines in 1924, using a name previously designated to CTR's subsidiary in Canada and later South America. Security analysts nicknamed IBM Big Blue in recognition of IBM's common use of blue in products, packaging, and logo.

The company has undergone several organizational changes since its inception, acquiring companies like SPSS (2009) and PwC consulting (2002), spinning off companies like Lexmark (1991), and selling off product lines like ThinkPad to Lenovo (2005).

Original from Wikipedia


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From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 5110 :: SA21-9311-1 CustSupFn Oct1978
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From the bitsavers.org collectio n, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 3276 :: GA18-2081-1 3276 Description and Programmers Guide
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From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 1620 :: programs :: 1620-CX-04X 1620 Drafting System :: 1620 Drafting System Application Directory Aug65
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Topics: program, cards, drafting, dim, deck, monitor, columns, core, system, dim number, drafting system,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: system3 :: GC21-7514-2 IntroductionToRPGII ReportWriting Jul78
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Topics: rpg, specifications, record, program, field, output, indicator, overflow, indicators, input,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 7090 :: C28-6066-6 FORTRANII oper
Topics: fortran, program, monitor, tape, cards, binary, control, source, deck, source program, object...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: DOS VS :: GC33-5403-1 DOS VS POWER VS Installation and Operation Sep74
Topics: command, operator, job, queue, specifies, output, entry, file, punch, task, job entry, account...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: TSO Extensions :: SC28-1304-1 TSO Extensions CLISTS Implementation and Reference Dec85
Topics: clist, statement, data, set, control, variable, tso, variables, user, error, data set, data sets,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 1401 :: D24-1401-1 General Information Manual IBM 1401 Feb60
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 1401 :: G24-1446-0 1404 printer
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 1130 :: lang :: C21-5002-0 1130 Planning For RPG 1968
Topics: file, field, specifications, program, record, input, indicator, ibm, figure, indicators, report...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 1401 :: A24-1424-0 1401 OEMinfo
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 1130 :: subroutines :: 00.3.003 Magnetic Tape Subroutines For Assembler and Fortran Compiled Programs for the IBM 1130
Topics: mdx, bsc, tape, sto, unit, bsi, ldx, magt, libf, error, tape unit, libf magt, tape marks, tape...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 1130 :: subroutines :: C26-5929-4 1130 Subroutine Library 1966
Topics: subroutine, subroutines, error, code, ibm, printer, interrupt, input, characters, ibm card, card...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 1130 :: fe :: 1131-C :: 1131-C 004 Block Diagrams Timing Power Supply Jun73
Topics: reset, cycle, gate, tbi, transfer, shift, storage, gnd, bit, reg bit, xio sense, disk storage, bit...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 140x :: C24-3195-2 1401 autotest
Topics: program, autotest, disk, columns, cards, object, rdlin, punched, control, control card, object...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 1440 :: Y31-0101-1 MOI 1442 Card Read Punch Models 5 6 7 1965
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 140x :: TIE6309-0164 1401binTblSrch
Topics: search, table, item, binary, subsidiary, tables, equal, comparison, program, argument, binary...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 140x :: 1401-UT-028 TapeToCardPgm
Topics: mcw, nop, punch, dcw, mch, field, operand, label, program, control card, mcw nop, instruction...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 140x :: A24-3068-1 1401 miscIOinstr
Topics: instruction, ibm, indicator, branch, document, character, data, operand, word marks, leading edge,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 1410 :: diagnostics :: DIAGV500-K2 :: W001G 1410 7010 1403 Printer Test
Topics: iririririr, irir, program, tad, wool, iririr, flo, tads, flc, mode, iririririr iririririr, control...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 140x :: GA24-3073-8 1403 printer
Topics: print, character, printer, chain, printing, ibm, forms, tape, ribbon, characters, character set,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 1410 :: GC22-6681-4 1410 7000 Series IO Components Physical Planning
Topics: cable, ibm, signal, length, tape, unit, cables, cabling, units, mtu, tape unit, signal cable,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 140x :: ce :: R25-1496 1401 Instruction Logic Nov60
Topics: storage, address, operation, punch, print, cycle, resultant, instruction, reset, storage address,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 1800 :: A26-5918-x 1800 Functional Characteristics
Topics: data, csl, interrupt, channel, storage, contents, control, device, address, status, core storage,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 1620 :: general program library :: 9.3.011 Adiabatic Flame Temperature No Dissociation
Topics: program, adiabatic, flame, dissociation, format, switch, combustion, temperature, data, enthalpy,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 1620 :: general program library :: 1.4.026 Modified Fortran for Monitor I Version II
Topics: btm, dsa, tfm, dorg, tdm, bne, fortran, chi, bnf, operands, mnem operands, label mnem, btm fmon,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 1800 :: diagnostics :: 1800 MDP PID 0800-0801 Vol 01
Topics: mdx, bsi, monitor, program, bsc, diagnostic, loop, routine, interrupt, edit, diagnostic monitor,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 1800 :: A26-5918-5 1800 Functional Characteristics 1966
Topics: csl, data, contents, interrupt, instruction, storage, address, digital, analog, core storage,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 1800 :: diagnostics :: 1800 MDP PID 0804-080A Vol 03
Topics: bsi, sto, mdx, bsc, routine, ldx, program, error, set, prog, maintenance diagnostic, function test,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 3270 :: GA27-2827-6 3274 Control Unit Planning Mar80
Topics: diskette, sequence, ibm, printer, customizing, enter, system, display, procedure, matrix, sequence...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 360 :: fe :: 2050 :: Y22-2827-0 360-50 Multiplexor Channel FETOM Oct66
Topics: channel, routine, cpu, data, buffer, unit, address, status, storage, command, common channel,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 360 :: os :: R20.1 Mar71 :: GC28-6691-2 Operators Reference Rel 20.1 Mar71
Topics: system, command, data, job, mvt, console, output, device, definition, mft, data set, data sets,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 360 :: os :: cobol :: SC28-6456-0 IBM OS COBOL Compiler and Library Ver 4 Programmers Guide May72
Topics: data, program, statement, cobol, control, parameter, storage, set, file, message, data set, data...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 360 :: os :: R21.7 Apr73 :: GC28-6631-13 OS 360 R21.7 Messages and Codes Apr73
Topics: data, system, response, message, error, explanation, user, items, operator, table, system action,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 360 :: fe :: 2030 :: Model 30 Microprogramming Lang
Topics: specifies, decode, field, alu, latch, bits, ibm, example, selector, decode specifies, ibm...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 360 :: cp67 :: GH20-0859-0 CP67 Version 3 Users Guide Oct70
Topics: file, cms, command, control, user, oooooooo, files, disk, error, fortran, cms command, oooooooo...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 360 :: os :: plm 1966-67 :: Y28-6604-1 Sequential Access Methods PLM Jan67
Topics: routine, control, module, executor, channel, program, buffer, processing, routines, returns,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 360 :: os :: R01-08 :: R20-4067-0 System 360 Operating System Workshop Education Guide 1967
Topics: oooooooo, data, routine, svc, control, equ, program, dcb, error, block, data set, oooooooo...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 305 ramac :: A26-3502-0 305 RAMAC Reference Manual 1958
Topics: program, track, control, hubs, selector, hub, wired, punch, print, position, control panel, output...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 3480 :: 3480 MI A05
Topics: error, adapter, channel, buffer, code, control, failure, data, channel adapter, error code, adapter...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 3480 :: Write Equalization in High-Linear-Density Magnetic Recording May85
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 35xx :: GA21-9124-5 3504 3505 3525 Card Reader Punch Subsystem Oct74
Topics: stacker, data, error, print, punch, command, cards, device, permanent error, source program, select...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 3480 :: GC35-0042-4 IBM 3480 Magnetic Tape Subsystem Reference Channel Commands Status and Sense Bytes and Error Recovery Procedures Nov1987
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 3270 :: GA27-2749-5 3270descr Nov75
Topics: data, device, command, buffer, character, display, status, control, byte, address, control unit,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 2841 :: A26-5988-2 2841 2302 2311 2321 2303 Component Descriptions Oct65
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 360 :: rpg :: plm :: Y24-3704-0 RPG plm 1966
Topics: phase, field, table, compression, entry, byte, file, assemble, enter, specification, enter phase,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: CICS VS :: GC33-0155-2 CICS VS Version 1.6 and 1.7 General Information Jul85
Topics: cics, data, system, application, program, terminal, online, programs, control, storage, application...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 360 :: tss :: GY28-2016-5 Time Sharing System Access Methods PLM Sep71
Topics: data, set, routine, error, dcb, buffer, control, user, return, macro, data set, access method,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 3704 3705 :: GC30-3002-7 3704 and 3705 Emulation Program Generation and Utilities May76
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: MVS :: DFP :: LY26-3916-1 MVS 370 DFP Version 1.1 Checkpoint Restart Supervisor Call Logic Dec1985
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: MVS :: GC28-1025-12 MVS System Product Version 1 General Information Manual Mar85
Topics: release, data, mvs, logic, spool, program, product, system, volume, control, mvs system, system...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: DOS VSE :: SC24-5146-2 VSE VSAM Messages and Codes Apr82
Topics: catalog, programmer, command, system, error, vsam, message, file, rerun, code, access method,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: MVS :: GC28-1374-1 MVS 370 Message Library System Messages Volume 1 AHL-IEA Jan85
Topics: system, data, message, operator, programmer, volume, error, command, processing, messages, data...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: DOS VS :: cobol :: plm :: LY28-6424-2 DOS VS COBOL Subroutine Library Program Logic Sep85
Topics: subroutine, ibm, program, licensed, flowchart, described, address, subroutines, debug, chart,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: MVS :: GA28-1310-2 TSO Terminal Messages Jan86
Topics: detected, issued, contained, command, data, user, code, error, set, tso, data set, return code,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: DOS VS :: plm :: SY33-8562-5 DOS VS LIOCS Volume 4 VSAM Logic Apr77
Topics: catalog, data, record, vsam, control, volume, diagram, set, entry, buffer, data set, catalog...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: DOS VS :: GC33-5380-1 DOS VS Serviceability Aids and Debugging Procedures Rel 30 Sep74
Topics: program, address, dump, error, output, oooooooo, trace, storage, system, partition, oooooooo...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: DOS VS :: cobol :: plm :: LY28-6423-1 IBM DOS VS COBOL Compiler Program Logic Sep75
Topics: phase, routine, entry, table, ibm, licensed, processing, data, address, procedure, licensed...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: MVS XA :: DFP Version 2 :: GC26-4150-1 MVS XA DFP Version 2 Release 3.0 Data Administration Utilities Jun1987
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: MVS EA :: GC28-1158-1 MVS EA System Programming 31-Bit Addressing Jan84
Topics: addressing, amode, mode, rmode, linkage, module, program, storage, programs, virtual, addressing...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: OS VS2 :: Release 1 1972 :: GC38-1002-1 OS VS Message Library VS2 System Messages Rel 1.6 Jun73
Topics: system, data, message, operator, error, macro, programmer, parameter, volume, job, data set,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: OS VS1 :: GC24-5097-0 OS VS1 Release Guide Rel 2 Jan73
Topics: module, data, release, ssi, system, mod, alias, abend, program, guide, data set, system generation,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: OS VS2 :: PLM :: SY28-0767-0 OS VS2 System Logic Library Vol 7 Rel 3.7 Jul76
Topics: object, entry, load, address, lpalib, alias, iggo, sysl, return, sys, object object, object entry,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: OS VS2 :: Release 3.7 1977 :: GC28-0710-0 OS VS2 Debugging Handbook Vol 3 Rel 3.7 Dec78
Topics: unknown, reserved, data, signed, address, area, length, bitstring, description, offsets, data area,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: OS VS2 :: Release 3.8 1978 :: GC28-0627-2 OS VS2 3.8 MVS System Programming Library Job Management Oct1978
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: OS VS1 :: SY24-5161-1 OS VS1 Job Management Rel 2 Logic Jan73
Topics: pointer, entry, data, routine, command, module, job, message, parameter, data set, dec hex, work...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: VM SP :: Release 5 Dec86 :: SC24-5228-1 VM IPF Rel 5 System Reference Nov83
Topics: system, file, rscs, link, disk, cms, command, panel, maint, release, system reference, profile...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: VM 370 :: Release 2 :: GC20-1812-1 VM370 EXEC Users Guide Rel 2 Apr75
Topics: exec, control, statement, cms, command, variable, file, variables, procedure, edit, control...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: VM 370 :: Release 3 :: GC20-1820-0 CP Command Reference for General Users Rel 3 Feb76
Topics: virtual, command, operand, spool, machine, summary, commands, storage, file, terminal, virtual...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: VM 370 :: Release 1 :: VM 370 Preliminary Documentation Mar72
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: VM 370 :: Release 3 :: GC20-1808-7 VM370 System Messages Rel 3 PLC 8 Oct76
Topics: invalid, system, error, file, command, user, device, disk, virtual, link, link linkid, invalid...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 5110 :: GH30-0232-1 IBM 5110 5120 Computing Systems Bibliography Sep80
Topics: ibm, computing, system, program, operator, flyer, accounts, manual, ledger, inventory, computing...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: punchedCard :: AccountingMachine :: 225-5673-4 402 403 419 Accounting Machine CE Apr66
Topics: control, circuit, clutch, counter, impulse, zone, program, carriage, feed, control panel, card...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: sage :: 22-00001 Central Computer System Preliminary Sep55
Topics: memory, instruction, pulse, address, unclassified, core, buffer, accumulator, program, central...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: series1 :: edx :: 5.0 Dec84 :: SC34-0591-0 EDX Extended Address Mode and Performance Analyzer User Guide Dec84
Topics: data, program, system, partition, command, static, analyzer, supervisor, set, dynamic, data set,...