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The BITSAVERS.ORG Documents Library: International Business Machines

International Business Machines Corporation (NYSE: IBM), or IBM, is an American multinational technology and consulting corporation, with headquarters in Armonk, New York, United States. IBM manufactures and markets computer hardware and software, and offers infrastructure, hosting and consulting services in areas ranging from mainframe computers to nanotechnology.

The company was founded in 1911 as the Computing Tabulating Recording Company (CTR) through a merger of three companies: the Tabulating Machine Company, the International Time Recording Company, and the Computing Scale Company. CTR adopted the name International Business Machines in 1924, using a name previously designated to CTR's subsidiary in Canada and later South America. Security analysts nicknamed IBM Big Blue in recognition of IBM's common use of blue in products, packaging, and logo.

The company has undergone several organizational changes since its inception, acquiring companies like SPSS (2009) and PwC consulting (2002), spinning off companies like Lexmark (1991), and selling off product lines like ThinkPad to Lenovo (2005).

Original from Wikipedia


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From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: pc :: at :: 1502494 PC AT Technical Reference Mar84
Topics: mov, data, byte, jmp, keyboard, offset, diskette, interrupt, set, mov mov, jmp short, ibm personal,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: pc :: xt :: 6361459 PC XT Technical Reference Apr84
Topics: mov, data, bios, system, note, pop, alt, jmp, set, interrupt, high intensity, system bios, mov mov,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 360 :: os :: cobol :: GC28-6399-2 COBOL Compiler and Library Version 2 Programmers Guide Jul72
Topics: data, statement, compiler, programmer, control, source, ibm, user, programming, program, data set,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: pc :: pc :: 6025008 PC Technical Reference Aug81
Topics: mov, data, adapter, interrupt, status, byte, note, code, memory, high intensity, system board,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: pc :: cards :: Technical Reference Options and Adapters Volume 2 Apr84
Topics: mov, adapter, data, hex, byte, address, status, graphics, command, fixed disk, enhanced graphics,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: SR20-4460-2 System 370 Operators Reference Guide Dec76
Topics: scp, data, ibm, program, mgmt, supervisor, storage, system, commands, tso, data mgmt, data set, ibm...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: pc :: pc jr :: PCjr Technical Reference Nov83
Topics: mov, data, interrupt, modem, byte, ibm, keyboard, printer, color, mode, mov mov, rom bios, diskette...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: CICS VS :: LY33-6034-0 CICS VS Version 1 Release 4.1 OS VS PLM Jul79
Topics: program, control, data, ibm, licensed, routine, storage, diagram, property, material, licensed...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: pli :: SC33-0027-2 PLIcmsMsg Jun73
Topics: invalid, statement, dcl, data, ibm, programming, compiler, option, example, refer, calling ibm,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: pc :: PS2 and IBM PC Product Reference Version 4.0 Apr87
Topics: ibm, adapter, personal, program, system, april, diskette, display, vpa, central service, vpa...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 1130 :: C20-1690-0 1130 Computing System Users Guide
Topics: subsections, program, disk, data, file, ibm, payroll, socal, core, core storage, payol payol, error...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 1800 :: diagnostics :: 1800 MDP PID 0804-080A Vol 03
Topics: bsi, sto, mdx, bsc, routine, ldx, program, error, set, prog, maintenance diagnostic, function test,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: pc :: rt :: aix :: GC24-3381-0 AIX Communications Handbook Jun89
Topics: ibm, file, aix, network, host, program, system, data, command, sna, communications handbook, aix...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: SR20-4460-0 System 370 Operators Reference Guide Jul74
Topics: data, storage, press, ibm, program, set, system, command, display, error, data set, main storage,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 3174 :: GG24-4172-0 Using 3174 in TCP IP Networks Jun94
Topics: xxx, telnet, host, configuration, network, address, figure, ibm, panel, sna, xxx xxx, station set,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 1800 :: diagnostics :: 1800 MDP PID 0811-0812 Vol 05
Topics: sto, bsi, diagnostic, program, mdx, address, test, routine, sla, error, byte count, diagnostic...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: pgmCatalog :: GC20-1603-10 1620 Catalog of Programs Jan71
Topics: program, columns, package, ibm, basic, documentation, readable, inquiries, indicate, program...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 1800 :: diagnostics :: 1800 MDP PID 0802-0803 Vol 02
Topics: mdx, bsc, diagnostic, sto, program, bsi, dft, loop, ldx, prog, diagnostic program, maintenance...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: punchedCard :: Training :: Van Ness Principles of Punched Card Data Processing 1962
Topics: data, processing, punched, cards, machine, ibm, department, punch, code, data processing, punched...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: OS VS1 :: GC24-5091-3 OS VS1 Rel 3 Programmers Reference Digest Dec73
Topics: data, opr, macro, specifies, ibm, address, code, operand, control, set, data set, reference digest,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 3480 :: 3480 MI A01
Topics: unit, control, tape, inst, error, drive, channel, oper, data, power, control unit, tape unit, tape...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 140x :: C20-1601-5 1401 pgmCatalog
Topics: program, ibm, file, programs, tape, system, disk, inquiries, autocoder, file number, direct...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: pli :: SC33-0027-5 OS PLI Optimizing Compiler Messages Feb82
Topics: explanation, invalid, statement, example, data, dcl, ibm, error, programmer, compiler, programmer...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: pc :: SA38-0037-00 Personal Computer Family Service Information Manual Jul89
Topics: adapter, system, memory, diskette, ibm, drive, display, option, switch, diskette drive, fixed disk,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: pc :: languages :: ZZ33-0523-0 APL PC Version 2.1 Nov86
Topics: apl, ibm, function, internal, workspace, functions, auxiliary, variable, version, chapter, ibm...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: VM 370 :: Release 6 :: GC20-1801-10 VM370 Sysgen Rel 6 Jan80
Topics: system, virtual, cms, macro, control, ibm, program, generation, device, file, system generation,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: serviceForConsultants :: Service For Consultants 198312 Complete :: 15 Type Catalog
Topics: type, ibm, character, abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz, keyboard, catalog, characters, standard,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 1130 :: fe :: 1131-B :: 1131 MDP A05 Aug69
Topics: bsc, program, sto, routine, mdx, diagnostic, sca, bsi, test, stx, diagnostic program, maintenance...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: lan :: GG24-3291-1 Installation Guidelines for the IBM Token-Ring Network Products Dec89
Topics: network, lan, ibm, adapter, program, configuration, gateway, host, workstation, installation, lan...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 1800 :: diagnostics :: 1800 MDP PID 0800-0801 Vol 01
Topics: mdx, bsi, monitor, program, bsc, diagnostic, loop, routine, interrupt, edit, diagnostic monitor,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 360 :: bibliography :: GA22-6822-21 System 360 and System 370 Bibliography Sep74
Topics: program, ibm, system, manual, operating, data, logic, guide, reference, program number, operating...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 43xx :: GC20-0001-3 370 4300bib Jan80
Topics: ibm, prog, program, system, guide, lic, logic, fdp, listings, microfiche, lic prog, prog prod,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: bibliography :: GC20-0001-2 System 370 Bibliography Jan78
Topics: program, ibm, system, manual, data, logic, slss, rel, guide, subscription, program number, prog...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 360 :: programCatalog :: GC20-1619-8 Catalog of pgms
Topics: program, package, data, system, optional, user, basic, disk, programs, ibm, program number, program...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 1800 :: diagnostics :: 1800 MDP PID 080B-0810 Vol 04
Topics: bsi, sto, routine, mdx, diagnostic, program, channel, selector, bsc, error, selector channel,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: pc :: IBM Personal System 2 and IBM Personal Computer Product Reference Ver 4.0 Sep88
Topics: ibm, adapter, personal, program, system, network, lan, central, display, central service, ibm...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 1800 :: diagnostics :: 1800 MDP PID 089F-08AD Vol 12
Topics: program, aux, notro, mox, sto, mdx, prog, hox, diagnostic, hdx, diagnostic program, maintenance...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 1130 :: fe :: 1131-C :: 1131 MDP A03 Apr72
Topics: program, routine, bsi, sto, ldx, mdx, error, set, bsc, test, diagnostic program, maintenance...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: DOS VS :: plm :: LY12-5016-5 DL1 VS Logic Manual Jun79
Topics: routine, data, segment, ibm, licensed, description, figure, buffer, control, entry, licensed...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: dasd :: reference summary :: GX26-4577-0 3390 Reference Summary Jun89
Topics: ibm, records, track, data, capacity, space, compatibility, bytes, maximum, data set, track...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 1800 :: diagnostics :: 1800 MDP PID 08BA-08C4 Vol 14
Topics: sto, mdx, bsi, bsc, equ, ebc, src, program, eou, set, maintenance diagnostic, diagnostic program,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: common :: COMMON Proceedings of the Chicago Meeting 196604
Topics: program, data, disk, programs, subroutine, ibm, address, fortran, core, session report, session...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 1130 :: fe :: 1131-B :: 1131 MDP A04 Aug69
Topics: routine, program, ldx, bsi, error, stx, mdx, sto, test, bsc, diagnostic program, maintenance...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: pc :: at :: 6183355 PC AT Technical Reference Mar86
Topics: mov, byte, keyboard, data, interrupt, segment, code, error, set, offset, mov mov, ibm personal,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 360 :: pli :: C28-6594-4 PL1 F Programmers Guide Nov68
Topics: statement, data, xxx, compiler, error, user, program, explanation, option, statement number, number...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 1800 :: diagnostics :: 1800 MDP PID 0813-0824 Vol 06
Topics: sto, bsi, program, mdx, error, routine, bsc, diagnostic, prog, test, diagnostic program,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: proceedings :: IBM Computation Seminar Dec49
Topics: cards, matrix, values, punch, punched, method, equations, random, ibm, punched card, control panel,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 360 :: bibliography :: GA22-6822-20 System 360 and System 370 Bibliography Jul73
Topics: program, ibm, system, manual, operating, logic, data, microfiche, publication, program number,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: serviceForConsultants :: Service For Consultants 198210
Topics: dskt, mag, october, price, diskette, ibm, reproduced, months, monthly, unit, price list, mag tape,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: OS VS :: cobol :: LY28-6486-2 OS VS COBOL Compiler Rel 2 PLM Nov76
Topics: phase, routine, entry, table, data, processing, ibm, licensed, program, procedure, licensed...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: pc :: 3270 PC :: SC23-0103-2 3270 PC Control Program Users Guide and Reference Jul84
Topics: personal, computer, ibm, host, screen, system, press, diskette, data, file, personal computer, work...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: pc :: dos :: 6936752 DOS 2.00 Jan83
Topics: dos, command, file, diskette, disk, drive, files, program, directory, fixed, fixed disk, current...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: DOS VS :: cobol :: plm :: LY28-6423-2 IBM DOS VS COBOL Compiler Program Logic May81
Topics: phase, routine, table, entry, processing, licensed, ibm, data, property, program, licensed...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: DOS VS :: plm :: LY12-5016-7 DL I DOS VS Logic Manual Volume 1 Dec83
Topics: data, segment, entry, address, ibm, control, licensed, length, module, program, licensed material,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: generalInfo :: GC20-1684-4 IBMdpIntroJul78
Topics: data, processing, storage, ibm, program, systems, introduction, system, programs, control, data...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: bibliography :: GC20-0001-1 370biblio Jun75
Topics: program, ibm, manual, system, microfiche, release, slss, logic, data, subscription, program number,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: common :: COMMON Proceedings of the San Fransisco Meeting 196712
Topics: program, data, fortran, system, ibm, computer, control, programs, programming, subroutine, process...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 1130 :: fe :: 1131-C :: 1131 MDP A01 Apr72
Topics: bsi, bsc, mdx, err, program, error, sto, ffff, mox, eor, diagnostic program, maintenance...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: DOS VS :: GC33-5377-1 DOS VS System Generation Rel 29 Nov73
Topics: library, system, module, disk, ibm, generation, core, storage, image, tape, core image, image...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: pc :: rt :: SA23-1057 IBM RT Personal Computer Technology 1986
Topics: virtual, romp, system, memory, ibm, data, aix, user, device, file, personal computer, engineering...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 3770 :: GA27-3145-2 Component Description for the IBM 3776 and 3777 Communication Terminals Jan81
Topics: data, diskette, terminal, operator, ibm, print, host, communication, set, data set, component...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 1800 :: diagnostics :: 1800 MDP PID 08B0-08B9 Vol 13
Topics: mdx, bsc, bsi, sto, program, err, error, ldx, routine, diagnostic, maintenance diagnostic,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: DOS VS :: cobol :: SC28-6478-2 DOS VS COBOL Compiler and Library Programmers Guide Jun76
Topics: file, program, statement, cobol, control, data, option, record, records, clause, control statement,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: common :: Proceedings COMMON Meeting Cincinnati OH 196709
Topics: program, ohio, ibm, data, programs, disk, datar, record, file, programming, common meeting, meeting...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: pc :: cpm-86 :: CPM86 Operating System Mar82
Topics: command, file, memory, diskette, program, drive, segment, function, error, byte, user number, entry...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: OS VS :: cobol :: GC26-3857-3 IBM VS COBOL for OS VS Rel 2.4 Aug83
Topics: statement, clause, data, cobol, ibm, option, format, record, file, description, ibm extension, data...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: common :: Proceedings of the Meeting of the Eastern Region of the 1620 Users Group 196405
Topics: program, data, fortran, punch, programs, format, ibm, output, symbol, symbol table, indirect...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: CICS :: LY20-0714-2 Customer Information Control System Logic Manual Dec72
Topics: control, terminal, program, task, storage, data, address, ibm, routine, entry, licensed material,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: punchedCard :: Training :: IBM Accounting Course 1949
Topics: ibm, cards, accounting, machine, punched, labor, punching, sales, invoice, ibm accounting, general...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: serviceForConsultants :: Service For Consultants 198303
Topics: program, ibm, data, system, disk, model, user, control, programs, file, written permission, program...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: pgmCatalog :: C20-8090 Catalog of Programs for IBM Data Processing Systems KWIC Index Apr62
Topics: program, ibm, floating, storage, library, prior, subroutine, tape, january, routine, library...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: DOS VS :: cobol :: plm :: LY28-6423-1 IBM DOS VS COBOL Compiler Program Logic Sep75
Topics: phase, routine, entry, table, ibm, licensed, processing, data, address, procedure, licensed...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: DOS VSE :: LY33-9101-0 VSE Advanced Functions Rel 2 Handbook Jun80
Topics: address, byte, ibm, bytes, file, licensed, data, control, reserved, device, licensed material,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 3480 :: 3480 MI A02
Topics: unit, control, power, switch, map, pwr, cable, ibm, drive, entry, control unit, entry point,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: pli :: LY33-6010-1 DOS PLI PLM Oct76
Topics: text, phase, entry, dictionary, code, ibm, licensed, operand, table, storage, licensed material,...