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The BITSAVERS.ORG Documents Library: International Business Machines

International Business Machines Corporation (NYSE: IBM), or IBM, is an American multinational technology and consulting corporation, with headquarters in Armonk, New York, United States. IBM manufactures and markets computer hardware and software, and offers infrastructure, hosting and consulting services in areas ranging from mainframe computers to nanotechnology.

The company was founded in 1911 as the Computing Tabulating Recording Company (CTR) through a merger of three companies: the Tabulating Machine Company, the International Time Recording Company, and the Computing Scale Company. CTR adopted the name International Business Machines in 1924, using a name previously designated to CTR's subsidiary in Canada and later South America. Security analysts nicknamed IBM Big Blue in recognition of IBM's common use of blue in products, packaging, and logo.

The company has undergone several organizational changes since its inception, acquiring companies like SPSS (2009) and PwC consulting (2002), spinning off companies like Lexmark (1991), and selling off product lines like ThinkPad to Lenovo (2005).

Original from Wikipedia


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From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 360 :: os :: cobol :: GC28-6399-2 COBOL Compiler and Library Version 2 Programmers Guide Jul72
Topics: data, statement, compiler, programmer, control, source, ibm, user, programming, program, data set,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: SR20-4460-2 System 370 Operators Reference Guide Dec76
Topics: scp, data, ibm, program, mgmt, supervisor, storage, system, commands, tso, data mgmt, data set, ibm...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: CICS VS :: LY33-6034-0 CICS VS Version 1 Release 4.1 OS VS PLM Jul79
Topics: program, control, data, ibm, licensed, routine, storage, diagram, property, material, licensed...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: DOS VS :: Rel 30 Sep74 :: GC33-5380-1 DOS VS Serviceability Aids and Debugging Procedures Rel 30 Sep74
Topics: program, address, dump, error, output, oooooooo, trace, storage, system, partition, oooooooo...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 1130 :: C20-1690-0 1130 Computing System Users Guide
Topics: subsections, program, disk, data, file, ibm, payroll, socal, core, core storage, payol payol, error...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: OS VS :: cobol :: SC28-6483-2 OS VS COBOL Compiler and Library Programmers Guide Jun84
Topics: data, program, cobol, statement, record, file, control, parameter, set, option, data set, data...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: SR20-4460-0 System 370 Operators Reference Guide Jul74
Topics: data, storage, press, ibm, program, set, system, command, display, error, data set, main storage,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 360 :: os :: cobol :: SC28-6456-0 IBM OS COBOL Compiler and Library Ver 4 Programmers Guide May72
Topics: data, program, statement, cobol, control, parameter, storage, set, file, message, data set, data...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: CICS VS :: SC33-0079-2 CICS VS Version 1 Release 5 Application Programmers Ref Macro Level May80
Topics: data, macro, control, storage, program, terminal, application, operand, address, task, macro...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: OS VS2 :: Release 3.7 1977 :: GC38-1015-0 OS VS2 System Messages Rel 3.7 Jul76
Topics: system, data, message, operator, command, volume, error, programmer, set, processing, data set,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: CICS VS :: SC33-0070-5 CICS VS Version 1 Release 6 Installation and Operation Guide Jun83
Topics: cics, data, system, program, control, storage, sample, transaction, application, sets, data set,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: MVS :: GC28-1374-1 MVS 370 Message Library System Messages Volume 1 AHL-IEA Jan85
Topics: system, data, message, operator, programmer, volume, error, command, processing, messages, data...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 140x :: C20-1601-5 1401 pgmCatalog
Topics: program, ibm, file, programs, tape, system, disk, inquiries, autocoder, file number, direct...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: DOS VS :: cobol :: SC28-6478-1 DOS VS COBOL Compiler and Library Programmers Guide Mar75
Topics: program, file, statement, cobol, data, control, record, option, records, clause, control statement,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 360 :: tss :: GY28-2011-6 Time Sharing System System Control Blocks PLM Sep71
Topics: equ, hex, dec, field, mask, flag, byte, entry, continued, data, dec hex, equ equ, hex field, field...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: DOS VS :: Rel 34 Apr77 :: GC33-5380-3 DOS VS Serviceability Aids and Debugging Procedures Rel 34 Apr77
Topics: program, address, dump, oooooooo, output, error, trace, storage, system, device, serviceability...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: datacomm :: GL24-3597-1 2922 Dec72
Topics: instruction, bsca, data, control, operand, binary, condition, code, unit, indicator, control unit,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 140x :: C20-1601-9 1401 pgmCatApr69
Topics: program, package, optional, basic, disk, programs, code, system, extension, type code, appropriate...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 360 :: tss :: GC28-2008-5 Time Sharing System System Programmers Guide Jul79
Topics: macro, data, task, instruction, system, user, control, storage, address, macro instruction, data...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: dasd :: reference summary :: GX26-4577-0 3390 Reference Summary Jun89
Topics: ibm, records, track, data, capacity, space, compatibility, bytes, maximum, data set, track...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 360 :: fe :: 2025 :: E60 EC128266 Microcode Listing
Topics: set, filx, cicy, bdia, dype, aldp, rst, dclc, bal, ccom, nextlabel statement, word sequence, bdia...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 360 :: dos :: GC24-5073-2 DOS System Programmers Guide Sep71
Topics: program, macro, address, file, system, data, figure, record, supervisor, control, core image,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: common :: COMMON Proceedings of the Chicago Meeting 196604
Topics: program, data, disk, programs, subroutine, ibm, address, fortran, core, session report, session...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: TSO Extensions :: SC28-1307-1 TSO Extensions Command Language Reference Jan86
Topics: data, command, specifies, operand, subcommand, set, edit, tso, address, test, data set, tso...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: pli :: SC33-0006-3 PLIpgmGde Dec74
Topics: data, program, statement, compiler, set, option, linkage, storage, figure, control, data set, data...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 1130 :: monitor :: C26-3717-9 1130 1130 Disk Monitor System Version 2 Programming and Operators Guide May72
Topics: program, control, core, disk, system, error, monitor, record, data, fortran, control record,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 360 :: fe :: 2030 :: Y24-3360-1 2030 FE Theory Opns Jun67
Topics: storage, address, byte, set, ros, program, instruction, data, control, main storage, auxiliary...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: system32 :: fe :: 5320 SLD Jul78
Topics: bit, bus, installed, port, copyright, reset, usn, data, cid, nextblk, installed installed, bus bit,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: princOps :: GA22-7000-10 370 Principles of Operation Sep87
Topics: instruction, cpu, code, address, storage, channel, program, operation, control, interruption,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 360 :: tss :: GY28-2019-1 Time Sharing System FORTRAN IV Compiler PLM Jan70
Topics: entry, table, phase, loop, routine, statement, symbol, expression, storage, symbol table, entry...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: VM 370 :: Release 3 :: GC20-1807-4 VM370 System Programmers Guide Rel 3 2-76
Topics: virtual, storage, program, control, cms, system, command, machine, user, data, virtual machine,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: OS VS1 :: GC38-1001-10 OS VS1 Rel 7 System Messages Jun82
Topics: system, data, message, operator, programmer, error, volume, command, set, items, data set, probable...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: VM 370 :: Release 6 :: GC20-1807-7 VM370 System Programmers Guide Rel 6 4-81
Topics: virtual, machine, storage, system, cms, program, code, data, control, user, virtual machine,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: generalInfo :: GC20-1684-4 IBMdpIntroJul78
Topics: data, processing, storage, ibm, program, systems, introduction, system, programs, control, data...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 360 :: os :: R21.0 Mar72 :: plm :: GY27-7236-1 MFT Supervisor Rel 21 PLM Mar72
Topics: routine, module, chart, task, svc, control, abend, program, exit, address, main storage, entry...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: VM 370 :: Release 2 :: GC20-1807-3 VM370 System Programmers Guide Rel 2 Jan75
Topics: virtual, storage, program, control, system, command, machine, cms, user, device, virtual machine,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 4pi :: Technical Description of IBM System 4 Pi Computers 1967
Topics: computers, storage, instruction, data, model, address, operand, halfword, load, processor, main...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: DOS VS :: GC33-5377-1 DOS VS System Generation Rel 29 Nov73
Topics: library, system, module, disk, ibm, generation, core, storage, image, tape, core image, image...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: VM 370 :: plm :: SY20-0886-1 VM370 Rel 6 Vol 1 Mar79
Topics: virtual, machine, storage, device, control, system, error, dmkcpi, code, user, virtual machine,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 360 :: dos :: cobol :: GC28-6398-1 DOS American National Standard COBOL Programmers Guide Feb70
Topics: statement, program, file, control, clause, cobol, data, record, linkage, storage, control...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 1800 :: fe :: SY26-5956-6 1800 Data Aquisition and Control System FEMM Feb70
Topics: csl, storage, adapter, contents, core, data, interrupt, power, address, program, core storage,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: DOS VS :: GC33-5377-6 DOS VS System Generation Rel 34 Apr77
Topics: library, module, system, macro, modules, storage, disk, core, generation, image, core image, system...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: DOS VS :: cobol :: SC28-6478-2 DOS VS COBOL Compiler and Library Programmers Guide Jun76
Topics: file, program, statement, cobol, control, data, option, record, records, clause, control statement,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 360 :: tss :: GY28-2009-2 Time Sharing System System Logic Summary PLM Jun70
Topics: task, data, storage, control, user, system, virtual, program, routine, interrupt, data set, virtual...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: OS VS2 :: Release 3.7 1977 :: GC28-0725-2 OS VS2 System Programming Library MVS Diagnostic Techniques Rel 3.7 Sep78
Topics: address, control, system, mvs, error, data, vtam, recovery, storage, trace, address space, system...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 360 :: fe :: 2030 :: 225-3360-0 2030 Processing Unit FEMI Aug65
Topics: storage, address, program, data, byte, control, set, instruction, psw, main storage, micro program,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 1130 :: subroutines :: H20-0225-0 1130 Scientific Subroutine Package Application Description 1966
Topics: matrix, subroutines, polynomial, quadr, function, qdint, subroutine, storage, tabulated, integral,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: VM SP :: Release 3.0 Jul83 :: SC19-6204-2 VM SP System Messages and Codes Rel 3 Sep83
Topics: invalid, system, error, user, command, file, virtual, device, disk, option, invalid invalid,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: VM XA SP :: SC23-0358-1 VM XA SP CP Command Reference Rel 2 Nov88
Topics: command, virtual, device, query, user, trace, storage, system, file, indicates, virtual machine,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: common :: Proceedings COMMON Meeting Cincinnati OH 196709
Topics: program, ohio, ibm, data, programs, disk, datar, record, file, programming, common meeting, meeting...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: VM 370 :: plm :: SY20-0887-1 VM370 Rel 6 Vol 2 Mar79
Topics: cms, routine, storage, svc, program, user, control, macro, dmssvt, command, free storage, system...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 360 :: fe :: S229-3169-3 360 Operating System FE Handbook Jul71
Topics: address, reserved, byte, data, control, block, entry, program, routine, note, operating system,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: CICS :: LY20-0714-2 Customer Information Control System Logic Manual Dec72
Topics: control, terminal, program, task, storage, data, address, ibm, routine, entry, licensed material,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 140x :: GC20-1601-10 Catalog Of Programs Jan71
Topics: program, package, pbogbah, optional, basic, programs, disk, code, ibh, type code, pbogbah package,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 360 :: dos :: plm :: GY24-5027-0 DOS Autotest PLM Mar67
Topics: chart, routine, autotest, address, phase, control, symbol, error, record, core image, table entry,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: serviceForConsultants :: Service For Consultants 198303
Topics: program, ibm, data, system, disk, model, user, control, programs, file, written permission, program...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: pgmCatalog :: C20-8090 Catalog of Programs for IBM Data Processing Systems KWIC Index Apr62
Topics: program, ibm, floating, storage, library, prior, subroutine, tape, january, routine, library...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: DOS VS :: plm :: SY33-8554-1 DOS VS System Servicability Aids Rel 29 PLM Nov73
Topics: chart, address, device, entry, pdaid, output, trace, erep, phase, svc, serviceability aids, logic...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 360 :: fe :: 2030 :: 229-2116-2 360 30 FE Handbook
Topics: storage, channel, address, addr, error, ros, selector, model, nsi, compatibility, press start,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 360 :: 1401 emulator :: GC27-6940-4 360 1401emul
Topics: program, emulator, parameter, storage, disk, operator, model, control, tape, emulator program,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: pli :: LY33-6010-1 DOS PLI PLM Oct76
Topics: text, phase, entry, dictionary, code, ibm, licensed, operand, table, storage, licensed material,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 360 :: fe :: 2040 :: SR23-3035-1 Model 40 and Channels Training Supplimentary Information Sep70
Topics: xxxx, byte, alu, check, ros, reset, channel, data, xxxx xxxx, byte byte, skew select, function...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: MVS XA :: GC28-1143-2 MVS EA Conversion Notebook May84
Topics: data, system, macro, dump, programs, storage, release, parameter, program, address, data sets, data...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 360 :: fe :: 2040 :: SY22-2842-3 Model 40 FE Diagram Man Jan70
Topics: set, address, byte, opnd, store, reset, storage, addr, local store, high hfwd, main storage, ycd...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 360 :: dos :: C24-5033-7 Disk Operating System System Generation and Maintenance Apr69
Topics: ibm, disk, sample, include, program, library, phase, macro, system, storage, sample problems,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: DOS VS :: Rel 29 Nov73 :: GC33-5380-1 DOS VS Serviceability Aids and Debugging Procedures Rel 29 Nov73
Topics: program, address, dump, output, error, trace, storage, system, partition, control, oooooooo...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 7094 :: ce :: 223-2721-0 7094 II CE Instruction Maintenance Vol1
Topics: input, trigger, channel, data, storage, address, instruction, cycle, cpu, data channel, storage...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: DOS VS :: Rel 29 Nov73 :: GC33-5377-1 DOS VS System Generation Rel 29 Nov73
Topics: library, system, module, disk, ibm, generation, core, storage, program, image, core image, image...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: DOS VS :: Rel 34 Apr77 :: GC33-5377-6 DOS VS System Generation Rel 34 Apr77
Topics: module, library, system, macro, modules, storage, disk, core, generation, image, core image, system...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 7040 :: 22-6732-1 7040StudentText
Topics: instruction, data, channel, location, storage, program, binary, operation, instructions, ibm, core...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 360 :: cms :: GY20-0591-1 CMS PLM Oct71
Topics: file, disk, program, error, routine, cms, entry, user, address, block, free storage, data block,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: system3 :: plm :: SY21-0531-2 System3 CommunicationsCtlPgmPLM Jun77
Topics: ccp, program, chart, input, disk, module, user, system, diagram, operation, system directory,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: pli :: SC33-0008-6 DOS PLI Programmers Guide Rel 6.0 May84
Topics: data, option, program, statement, compiler, set, file, storage, optimizing, records, data set, data...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: VM 370 :: plm :: SY20-0885-0 VM370 System Logic and Problem Determination Guide 1976
Topics: virtual, storage, control, program, cms, system, routine, machine, user, command, virtual machine,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: CICS :: SC33-0068-2 CICS VS Version 1 Release 5 System Application Design Guide May80
Topics: data, transaction, program, terminal, system, application, control, storage, design, user, data...